UNESCO field offices: Quito

Bolivia, now constitutionally recognized as a Plurinational-Community State, given the significant existence of precolonial indigenous-native nations and peoples, has as an innovative feature of democratic construction, the recognition of communication and information as a constitutional right and public good (Art. 106 . NCPEP). The New Plurinational State Constitution (2009) notes that the State guarantees that Bolivians, within the scope of the right to communication and information, enjoy the freedom of expression, opinion and information and the right to share freely their ideas by any...

The emergence of Internet has brought unprecedented progress in the access of information and knowledge. Colombia has not been immune to the transformation that the digital age has produced. The Colombian panorama of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) is witnessing a dizzying development and growth. The data show that both access to and users of the Internet have increased exponentially. In the past two years, according to the Ministry of ICTs, the Internet has grown by 168%. A broad ICT policy is being implementing. For instance, around 1055 Kioskos Digitales5 have been...

Ecuador has recently approved a Communications Law which presents a new regulatory environment and a set of challenges for journalism and the exercise of free expression in Ecuador. The Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has expressed -in a letter issued in June 28, 2013- that the Law should be brought in line with international standards on freedom of expression, because some of the provisions of the Act could restrict the exercise of the right to freedom of expression and provoke a serious chilling effect. In the same...

The project aims to train journalists in accessing public information. The objective is to improve the capacity of journalists to demand public interest information from the State.
 
Since the year 2000, IPYS has been working systematically with regional and local media and individual journalists from Peru and Latin America. It has proven that most of them have very few financial, technical and professional resources and this affects negatively the quality of their production. Even though information seems to circulate freely, limitations exist because of a lack of knowledge...

In order to develop data management and digital information security tools for investigative reporters, a collaborative link will have to be established among journalists, programmers and experts in IT tools, as an efficient way to achieve results and impact with the use of electronic data. The development of tools, such as extracting data from the web, the creation of databases to process and obtain information of value and of public interest; and the digital presentation and visualization of data shall enhance the quality of journalistic work.
 
These tools will be reinforced...

Media and broadcasting institutions in Bolivia (at least 15 with national reach) are concentrated in two conglomerates : private corporations and state-owned media. Though community media has increased in number, it hasn’t yet developed the capacity to create independent content. This means that although there appears to be a wide diversity of media, the content production is reduced to a small group of journalists. This scenario restricts the exercise of freedom of the press and threatens the public’s right to access quality information. This situation is aggravated by the fact that...

Peru has about nine million indigenous citizens, who speak 43 different languages. However, there are high rates of extreme poverty among the indigenous population and they suffer constant violations of their fundamental rights. In this context, timely access to information is a means for these peoples’ progress and integrated development. Indigenous communication makes sense when practiced within the framework, world-view, language and culture of each native community, so the indigenous peoples themselves must produce, manage and disseminate information on their peoples in the media –...

In Bolivia, radio is one of the mainstays of grassroots communication, promoting the return to democracy and giving a voice to the Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní cultures. These cultures now receive information in their own languages, on topics of their interest, thereby empowering communities and making their reality more visible. However, the Afro-Bolivian culture (located mainly in the Los Yungas zone of Bolivia) has unfortunately not been represented this way. Their reality has little visibility in the private and public media, with very few Afro-Bolivian communicators in the media....

Drug trafficking has become one of the main causes of problems relating to security, violence, corruption and weakening of democracy in the countries of Latin America. Fear of reporting on the topic continues to spread among journalists however, with increasingly fewer reporters venturing to cover drug trafficking and organized crime issues because they fear for their lives.
 
This project therefore is aimed at providing journalists who cover drug trafficking and organized crime, working along Colombia’s border zones, with training on self-protection mechanisms, complemented by...

Application of the UNESCO Media Development Indicators (MDI) in Ecuador has revealed that media self-regulation mechanisms, such as using codes of ethics or editorial guidelines, are not fully practiced. The study also showed that only one print medium has a Public Ombudsman to receive readers’ complaints, and in the entire country there are no Press Councils or Commissions for complaints that might ensure good journalism practices in day-to-day work. In turn, citizens’ perception of the media is not positive: 51.74% consider the media corrupt. Media self-regulation must therefore be...

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