UNESCO field offices: Kathmandu

Nepal has a vibrant and rapidly growing media sector. According to the Press Council Nepal there are 89 daily newspaper and more than 381 weekly newspapers. In addition, according to the Ministry of Information and Communication, there are more than 326 FM stations and 38 Television channels in operation. Although the number of media houses and the number of people interested in making a career in journalism have gone up in recent years, there are still very few women journalists. According to the statistics of Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ), out of the total 9000 journalists, only...

Journalism education was initiated in Nepal in 1976 as the Journalism Department of the Tribhuvan University (TU) was established with support from UNESCO. Today, there are three universities and approximately 170 colleges giving training in journalism in Nepal, and the Nepali media landscape is thriving with thousands of newspapers and magazines, hundreds of radio channels and more than 30 TV channels. Journalism and mass communication courses are witnessing considerable demand from students with intent on pursuing careers in journalism and communication.
 
While the boom in...

In many rural areas of Nepal, Community Radios (CR) represent the only form of media available, providing services to the marginalized and disadvantaged people who have often been ignored by mainstream media. With the continued increase of the CRs, effective implementation of a Code of Conduct has become vital to build on self-regulatory mechanisms in enhancing CR professionals’ unbiased coverage, honesty, accuracy and reliability. This project will establish a mechanism to hold CRs accountable to play a greater role as a watchdog. Self-regulation is a function that lies at the very the...

The Paris Declaration on Broadcast Media and Climate Change adopted by UNESCO in 2009, recognizes that broadcast media play a critical role in stimulating policy debate and in mobilizing knowledge to empower societies' decision-making on issues relating to climate change. In order to maximize this role, it is essential that journalists are provided with the means and knowledge to disseminate accurate information on such matters in a manner which is accessible at a local level. This project aims to address this need by equipping print journalists with the necessary scientific knowledge and...

Nepal's media sector has made great advances in the past two decades, with the introduction of laws ensuring press freedom paving the way for private and community involvement in the media. Today, more than 11 television channels broadcast from Kathmandu, and over 237 radio stations operate within the country, including a substantial number of community radio stations. Community radio has the proven potential to enable marginalized communities to exercise their right to knowledge and information, including them in policy and decision-making processes, and promoting the diversity of their...

There are hundreds of CLCs around Nepal, but only a handful of operative and self-sufficient CMCs. A proper network among these centres, starting from fewer districts, could become a fundamental awareness and information channel for communities. Although the quality and diversity of media are increasing in more populated areas, this is not true in remote areas. There, the often illiterate population has to receive information largely from local radio, and not enough quality information is available. CMCs practitioners have not received professional training, some are not well informed...

There is an enormous demand in the media sector for skilled media professionals. It is estimated that there are approximately 10,000 journalists working in Nepal, most of whom have not received any form of training. Following this project, NPI will have increased its the capacity to provide training to newspaper and radio journalists who live outside of Kathmandu and who do not have access to other media training opportunities. A major problem in Nepal is that the workforce in the media is largely unskilled. Untrained journalists are easily influenced and manipulated by political and other...

Following the peoples' movement for re-establishment of democracy in April 2006, Nepal has embarked on a sustained path to democracy respecting human rights, media freedom and free flow of information. Because of liberal government policy, more than four dozens community radios (CRs) were opened within the last eight months, reaching a total of 91, out of which 36 stations are already on air and 15 more stations will be on air by the end of October 2007. While professional training is a must for any fresh entrant in the media profession, the journalists of CRs are always constrained with...

In view of the upcoming parliamentary elections, this project aims to build the capacity of media practitioners to cover the electoral process in a fair, accurate and balanced manner. The project plans to organize training sessions for at least 120 media professionals from at least five districts of Nepal. In the selection of participants, priority will be given to practitioners from remote areas and from minority or underrepresented groups. The project activities will develop skills and enable the media practitioners and media houses to contribute to the transitional democratic process by...

While media-availability differs across this Himalayan country, considering its challenging topography, Nepal has a variegated media sector characterized by a recent but dynamic community radio movement in the provinces, while print press and television is mostly present in the Kathmandu Valley. Restrictions on press freedom introduced during King Gyanendra's direct-rule have been lifted. The state-owned broadcaster is the one with the largest coverage and it has embarked in reforms towards its transformation into a PSB. In Nepal, like in any other transition country, independent and...

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