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The Instituto Costarricense de Enseñanza Radiofónica through its program El Maestro en Casa (The Teacher at Home) gives students the opportunity to go from learning to read and write up to the completion of the high school degree. El Maestro en Casa is an educational program for adults and young people offered in cooperation with the Ministry of Public Education. At present, there are almost one hundred thousand students unrolled in the system.
New needs have been identified in Bolivia, namely: The indigenous Chiquitano organisations currently possess two FM transmitters, and a third on the way, all inspired by the Bolivian vision of community radio.
The community television channels and community centers of rural audio-visual educational production that have arisen in Bolivia in the last decade are mainly located in the Andean and Eastern regions of the country. These media have been started in order to meet the necessities of the rural populations in these regions and have a social service and educational character. However, these rural TV centers have not been able to overcome the limitation of technical and human capacities and of financial sustainability.
Violence against women in Mexico is widespread and often goes unpunished. In recent years there have been several cases of threats and attacks on media workers who have dared to report on such matters, making it highly challenging for communication media to exercise their fundamental right to freedom of expression. Community radios have the proven potential to give a voice to vulnerable and marginalized groups such as women and indigenous people, however at present, the majority of community radio staff in Mexico lack professional journalist training and expertise in human rights.
The Violeta B. de Chamorro Foundation (FVBCH) is in charge of the execution of this project. The FVBCH is a national and international organization, headquartered in Managua, Nicaragua, and its goal is to contribute to the construction of peace and to facilitate initiatives by the civil society for the poorest populations in Nicaragua. The Foundation also works to promote and maintain a Culture of Reconciliation, Peace and Democracy, through education, freedom of expression and actions directed at diminishing poverty.
The purpose of this project is to build the capacity of ethnic minorities in Northern 'aimags' of Mongolia to produce and exchange information of local importance in local languages, as well as to establish a permanent communication channel between these communities and the rest of the country. It aims at enhancing the role of the media in promoting multilingualism, cultural diversity and indigenous knowledge exchange. It will focus on two ethnic minority groups that live side by side in the Khövsgöl Lake area: the Tsaatan and the Darkhad.
The core of Barbados' media content (audio and video) relating to national memory is housed in the collections of the Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation and the Barbados Government Information Service. At present, the potential of these collections for national development remains unrealised; much of the material is uncatalogued; access is mainly institutional or non-existent due to fragility or rarity. The collections are also threatened by technological obsolescence as well as chemical and physical degradation.
Under this project, the skills and capacity of CR personnel will be increased through a training program, a newsletter and a web portal. The project aims to enable CR personnel to produce and broadcast CR programs, and successfully manage and run CR stations for the rural and marginalized communities. One-hundred and eighty organizations have applied for a CR license. To facilitate the registration and operation process, BNNRC has opened a help desk and set up a Community Radio Academy (CRA). It has been observed that skilled manpower is lacking to run the CR stations.
Commercial radio stations predominate within the Latin America media scene. However, the presence of local and community radios (indigenous, juvenile, scholar, university and peasant) which respond to civil society's interests is growing up. Local and community radios do have a free and pluralistic mission and vision. Nevertheless, the limitation of their own production and insufficient of income make it difficult to disseminate these values, and compel them to a weak and fragmented programming. RADIOTECA intends to enrich and support the programming of local and community radios.
Strengthening innovative and gender inclusive use of community media practices in the Pacific region for peace and security
The importance of community-access radio in promoting social and community development, basic education, and models of good governance has been widely acknowledged in the international community.
Bolivia, now constitutionally recognized as a Plurinational-Community State, given the significant existence of precolonial indigenous-native nations and peoples, has as an innovative feature of democratic construction, the recognition of communication and information as a constitutional right and public good (Art. 106 . NCPEP).
Development of Online Course in Citizen Journalism for Coverage of the Environment and Economic Development
In terms of journalism training programs, very few universities offer a degree in the specialty. Journalism courses are usually part of a Social Communication degree. Mid-career training is not part of the culture. Media companies are reluctant to pay, and the journalists are too poorly paid to afford it themselves. This project will train citizen journalists and professional journalists to access, organize and publish information on land use, water resources and development issues.
It is urgent and necessary to develop campaigns of information on the existence of a regulation for access to information and to teach the population to demand their right. The ANP is willing to face this challenge and create conscience within society, starting with journalists, who require intense training. Once the journalists are convinced that access to public information is a right, and not a favor granted to them by public institutions, an important step will have been taken towards creating a conscience in civil society.
In Namibia rural dwellers in the remote areas do not have a platform to present their voices of concerns in a language they understand to those delegated with the responsibility to govern them. However, only few indigenous language newspapers currently exist in Namibia, such as the Caprivi Vision newspaper, which is published in English and Silozi and mainly distributed in the Caprivi region.
The specific problems that are to be addressed to by the strategies implemented in this project are: The disregard that community radio journalists in Mexico have to face in the course of their action for the defence and practice of the right to information and freedom of expression; and the need to reduce the digital gap in information and knowledge access, and empower journalists with skills related to Internet and digital broadcasting production. This project intends to train journalists working in community radio projects located in indigenous, rural and suburban marginalized zones.
At present, no project exists in Panama whereby young people are given the means to project their views to a national audience. This project from The State System for Radio and Television (SERTV) and its affiliate CRISOL FM aims to remedy this situation by training young people in high-risk communities of Panama and involving them in the production of programmes about positive change in their communities which will then be aired on two national radio stations.
Ecuador has more than 1000 FM or AM radios. Only 10 of them carry programs in Kichwa. Regarding the written media, there are 45 daily newspapers all in Spanish, with two of them in the Imbabura Province: El Norte and La Verdad. There are no daily nor weekly newspapers in Kichwa language in Ecuador. In this context, the Kichwa Indian population finds it difficult to make its voice heard.