Regions: Asia and the Pacific

In Samoa, radio provides the primary means for accessing information. Training journalism students and working media professionals to fully exercise the capacity of radio is therefore of crucial importance. The National University of Samoa attempts to respond to this need by offering training to students in radio journalism through its Media and Journalism Programme. However despite its good intentions, the University is forced to contend with severe financial constraints and lack of equipment, thus inhibiting students from applying theory in a practical context. This project will attempt...

The basic human right of freedom of expression is accounted for within Papua New Guinea's Constitution, thus serving as a tool to enhance empowerment of its people and assist in development. At present, the country has two major newspapers in circulation, with a handful of smaller newspapers existing within the main cities. In terms of electronic media, two television stations and two major national radio stations operate, with links to provincial station networks. This national-owned radio network covers most of the major centres, however certain areas remain outside the coverage zone,...

Nepal's media sector has made great advances in the past two decades, with the introduction of laws ensuring press freedom paving the way for private and community involvement in the media. Today, more than 11 television channels broadcast from Kathmandu, and over 237 radio stations operate within the country, including a substantial number of community radio stations. Community radio has the proven potential to enable marginalized communities to exercise their right to knowledge and information, including them in policy and decision-making processes, and promoting the diversity of their...

Great progress has been made in recent years in developing the Maldivian media, with 2007 witnessing the issuing of licenses for the first private broadcasting stations as well as the formulation of six media-related bills, one of which has been adopted. Much work is still required however, particularly in providing training for the country's media professionals, and in further developing the legal framework with special regard to freedom of expression. This was reiterated by last year's media development assessment in the Maldives (carried out using UNESCO's Media Development Indicators...

In Lao PDR, mass media has been gradually evolving. An increasing variety of types of media are being used, including newspapers, radio and television. There are both private- and government- owned media. Freedom of expression is guaranteed by the recently endorsed media law. In order to produce quality media, the skills of media professionals need to be developed. In 2004, a Mass Media Bachelor Course was initiated at the Department of Lao Language and Mass Media, Faculty of Letter, National University of Laos. Since its establishment, the Department has been playing a crucial role in...

Television Niue and its private sector counterpart, Kilocutz Productions, are seeking to develop their staff skills to a higher level, in the three separate areas of lighting, sound, and editing. This training will also partly cater for new intakes identified for 2010 onwards. There is a currently a specific lack of development within both organisations beyond basic news and community events coverage. This shortfall currently prevents further development of both parties in other areas of TV production limiting development at a national level. The assistance sought is mid-level rather than...

The challenges related to climate change demand that mass media institutions be proactively involved in public awareness activities. As a consequence, high priority is given to comprehensive training programmes for young journalists of Uzbekistan. The state programme of training media workers of the Republic of Uzbekistan indicates the need to teach journalists how to address new challenges. There is a growing number of both state and non-state print media, TV and radio studios and growing competition in the media sphere. An analysis of the work of domestic media and of the level of...

In Tajikistan, radio is the only broadcast medium that can be received in all areas of the country. Few journalists have academic or professional training in the field, and (with some notable exceptions), the quality of information-gathering, reporting and writing is low. Media rights organizations report that, although provided for in the constitution, press freedom is not widely respected. However, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) ranked Tajikistan in its 2008 Press Freedom Index as having the highest level of media freedom among the five Central Asian states. Opportunities for...

Media development in Kazakhstan's regions has been slow. Although new private media outlets have opened, journalists lack basic educational and professional skills; with low salaries, they are susceptible to pressure from local political and business interests. Many do not know their legal rights?for example, for access to information?and lack training in research, fact-checking and providing balanced stories. Financially-struggling media outlets regularly publish or broadcast hidden advertising, press releases from local government or businesses masquerading as news stories. Regional...

Many Cambodian newspapers and private radio and TV stations depend on support from political parties. Although press freedom is not guaranteed, the government has declared support for press freedom, publicly praising the benefits to society of an unfettered media. There are no restrictions on satellite dish ownership and foreign radio broadcasts can be received easily from neighboring countries. The purpose of the project is to develop reporting skills in the provincial media in the Kingdom of Cambodia, which has been neglected by the tertiary education sector and other training...

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