Regions: Asia and the Pacific

The Press clubs located in the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) are under-resourced and underdeveloped. There are seven independent press clubs in the FATA, with the membership of 250+ journalists working with the print and electronic media. In their current form, the press clubs primarily provide a 'journalistic identity' through membership to their members and a platform for the exchange of information. They do not provide a means of broad professional development. Nor is there any formal mechanism for the members of the clubs from different areas to share experiences with...

As the free flow of information and ideas is at the heart of democracy and the cornerstone in human rights, the up-dating of the publication of Freedom of Information: A Comparative Legal Survey in 2008, and its translation into Chinese in 2009 are of great symbolic importance. The dialogue on freedom of information between China and the rest of the world is just beginning and the Chongqing University of China calls on UNESCO to seize an opportunity to capitalize on this unique occasion. This project intends to use the launch of the Chinese translation of the Freedom of Information...

In Lao PDR, mass media has been gradually evolving. An increasing variety of types of media are being used, including newspapers, radio and television. There are both private- and government- owned media. Freedom of expression is guaranteed by the recently endorsed media law. In order to produce quality media, the skills of media professionals need to be developed. In 2004, a Mass Media Bachelor Course was initiated at the Department of Lao Language and Mass Media, Faculty of Letter, National University of Laos. Since its establishment, the Department has been playing a crucial role in...

Television Niue and its private sector counterpart, Kilocutz Productions, are seeking to develop their staff skills to a higher level, in the three separate areas of lighting, sound, and editing. This training will also partly cater for new intakes identified for 2010 onwards. There is a currently a specific lack of development within both organisations beyond basic news and community events coverage. This shortfall currently prevents further development of both parties in other areas of TV production limiting development at a national level. The assistance sought is mid-level rather than...

Tajikistan's media often fail to perform their role of disseminators of important and credible information, and to serve as the instrument of the citizens' control over the power and politicians. The main reason for that is the lack of qualified media professionals, adhering to civic principles and observing international professional standards. Because of the lack of professional journalists, scarce financial resources and political reasons, Tajikistan is known as a country with a very limited number of operational media. Since 1991, there has not been a daily newspaper in the country;...

It is vital that the reasons behind phenomena such as extreme temperatures, carbon emissions, decreasing snow with retreating glaciers, changing rainfall patterns, decreasing fauna and flora, sea level rise (in particular the Caspian sea) and the decrease of the Ili-Balkhash lake's water levels, be adequately brought to the public's attention. Indeed, they bear serious implications for local economies, society and culture. Not to speak of the present-day consequences of the two very serious environmental disasters of which Kazakhstan has been a victim in the past, namely the Aral Sea and...

With the transformation of the AINA Photo Department in to an independent photo agency, Afghanistan has witnessed the creation of the country's first photo agency in its 130 years journalism history. AINA provides photo services to national & international media as well as aid organizations. The AINA Photo Agency/Afghanistan covered the first presidential election as well as provincial councils and held photo exhibitions in seven provinces of Afghanistan. These photo exhibitions, entitled through Afghan eyes, not only showed the skills and knowledge of Afghan photographers in the media...

Janaagraha sees the opportunities offered by radio to enhance its performance in governance through economically viable means. Community radio stations are expected to produce at least 50% of their programmes locally, to the extent possible in the local language or dialect. While the focus is on developmental programming, there is no explicit ban on entertainment. Centralized one-way broadcasting at various levels of aggregation has limited scope to serve the goals of development, especially in a society characterised by pluralism and diversity, as is the case in India. While private radio...

The main reason for transforming Kabul weekly into a national newspaper is the lack of reporting from the countryside. Currently, only private and government TV and radio stations broadcast reports on issues in the provinces; moreover, the scope of these reports is limited. A second reason for creating a nationwide newspaper is of a socio-political order: the ongoing conflicts between the different ethnic groups in the country. Tadjiks, Uzbeks, Pashtuns and Hazaras play a major role in political, economic and social issues. A country-wide newspaper can only gain the trust of all the...

In terms of broadcasting, all stations in Sarawak are either under the Information Ministry or commercial broadcasters, leaving no room for community media. Strong laws such as the Printing Presses and Publications Act and the Official Secrets Act prevent the media from being independent and plural. Communities that lack resources or political connections cannot have their own newspaper or radio station. As a result, there are no community media in any format that exist to support indigenous communities and individuals. Newspapers in Sarawak seldom report on controversies concerning...

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