Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Central Asian countries have been broadcasting via independent systems since 1992, but governmental censorship of press freedom, weak media legislation and corruption present barriers for the development of non-partisan media. Practical training and programme production can help broadcasters in the region to fully engage with the access to information initiative by highlighting the public's rights in countries where freedom of information has been ratified. Involvement of state and private broadcasters on the topic of access to information could help increase populations' level of...

As the free flow of information and ideas is at the heart of democracy and the cornerstone in human rights, the up-dating of the publication of Freedom of Information: A Comparative Legal Survey in 2008, and its translation into Chinese in 2009 are of great symbolic importance. The dialogue on freedom of information between China and the rest of the world is just beginning and the Chongqing University of China calls on UNESCO to seize an opportunity to capitalize on this unique occasion. This project intends to use the launch of the Chinese translation of the Freedom of Information...

In Lao PDR, mass media has been gradually evolving. An increasing variety of types of media are being used, including newspapers, radio and television. There are both private- and government- owned media. Freedom of expression is guaranteed by the recently endorsed media law. In order to produce quality media, the skills of media professionals need to be developed. In 2004, a Mass Media Bachelor Course was initiated at the Department of Lao Language and Mass Media, Faculty of Letter, National University of Laos. Since its establishment, the Department has been playing a crucial role in...

Television Niue and its private sector counterpart, Kilocutz Productions, are seeking to develop their staff skills to a higher level, in the three separate areas of lighting, sound, and editing. This training will also partly cater for new intakes identified for 2010 onwards. There is a currently a specific lack of development within both organisations beyond basic news and community events coverage. This shortfall currently prevents further development of both parties in other areas of TV production limiting development at a national level. The assistance sought is mid-level rather than...

No local television station, including OTV, provides daily or weekly newscasts. Other than TV, there are no opportunities available for television journalists. Nearly every household, in even the most remote areas of Palau, has a television and receives OTV through the National Cable system. OTV is Palau's only television station that operates with public/private cooperation and provides both commercial programming and public access. OTV is the most watched channel in the nation and has absolutely no political affiliation. Capacity building of community news media will allow OTV to train...

There are more than 800 journalism schools in China, but there has never been a standardized set of curricula for journalism education. Lacking of a standardized guideline forced journalism schools to design their own courses, and also brought about a severe problem that every journalism school is creating their own curricula with their own focus. In such an environment of journalism education, the Chinese schools of journalism and communication are mass producing journalism students who are unqualified for the demand of the media industry. The aim of this project is to design a curriculum...

Janaagraha sees the opportunities offered by radio to enhance its performance in governance through economically viable means. Community radio stations are expected to produce at least 50% of their programmes locally, to the extent possible in the local language or dialect. While the focus is on developmental programming, there is no explicit ban on entertainment. Centralized one-way broadcasting at various levels of aggregation has limited scope to serve the goals of development, especially in a society characterised by pluralism and diversity, as is the case in India. While private radio...

Tajikistan's media often fail to perform their role of disseminators of important and credible information, and to serve as the instrument of the citizens' control over the power and politicians. The main reason for that is the lack of qualified media professionals, adhering to civic principles and observing international professional standards. Because of the lack of professional journalists, scarce financial resources and political reasons, Tajikistan is known as a country with a very limited number of operational media. Since 1991, there has not been a daily newspaper in the country;...

The main reason for transforming Kabul weekly into a national newspaper is the lack of reporting from the countryside. Currently, only private and government TV and radio stations broadcast reports on issues in the provinces; moreover, the scope of these reports is limited. A second reason for creating a nationwide newspaper is of a socio-political order: the ongoing conflicts between the different ethnic groups in the country. Tadjiks, Uzbeks, Pashtuns and Hazaras play a major role in political, economic and social issues. A country-wide newspaper can only gain the trust of all the...

In terms of broadcasting, all stations in Sarawak are either under the Information Ministry or commercial broadcasters, leaving no room for community media. Strong laws such as the Printing Presses and Publications Act and the Official Secrets Act prevent the media from being independent and plural. Communities that lack resources or political connections cannot have their own newspaper or radio station. As a result, there are no community media in any format that exist to support indigenous communities and individuals. Newspapers in Sarawak seldom report on controversies concerning...

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