Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Media in Bhutan has undergone considerable growth after the establishment of democracy in 2008. Today, mass communication in Bhutan encompasses both traditional and New Media technologies, ranging from newspapers, radio and TV to mobile phones and the internet. According to a UNESCO-supported Media Development Assessment (MDA) conducted in Bhutan in 2010, there are vital elements missing in the media landscape which need to be addressed. These include policy and legal frameworks to support the growth of media; Right to Information laws to ensure transparency and good governance; Fiscal and...

The merits of Public Service Broadcasting institutions are widely and vigorously debated but guidance and knowledge is needed for broadcasters on how they should respond to creating Public Service Broadcasting for public interest with the convergence of new technologies. In this era it is important that broadcasters understand how PSB can be defined and redefined to perform its functions effectively. In May 2012 broadcasters from across South-Asia will gather in Bangkok, Thailand, for the Asian Media Summit. This provides an excellent opportunity to partner with AIBD, the host organization...

Nepal's media sector has made great advances in the past two decades, with the introduction of laws ensuring press freedom paving the way for private and community involvement in the media. Today, more than 11 television channels broadcast from Kathmandu, and over 237 radio stations operate within the country, including a substantial number of community radio stations. Community radio has the proven potential to enable marginalized communities to exercise their right to knowledge and information, including them in policy and decision-making processes, and promoting the diversity of their...

Great progress has been made in recent years in developing the Maldivian media, with 2007 witnessing the issuing of licenses for the first private broadcasting stations as well as the formulation of six media-related bills, one of which has been adopted. Much work is still required however, particularly in providing training for the country's media professionals, and in further developing the legal framework with special regard to freedom of expression. This was reiterated by last year's media development assessment in the Maldives (carried out using UNESCO's Media Development Indicators...

According to estimates from media experts, around 40% of the Kyrgyz population living in rural areas does not have access to information. Given that around 65% of the country's entire population lives in rural areas, this represents a worrying statistic. Rural communities are therefore deprived of their right to participate in national and local debates, and to access knowledge on the practices, policies and technologies that help promote sustainable development. This project from community radio station 'Radiomost' will attempt to motivate community members to actively contribute to the...

Journalists and media outlets in Kazakhstan are frequently subjected to law suits from both individuals and organizations with libel and defamation charges, often resulting in the closure of media outlets due to bankruptcy, as well as the threat of imprisonment for journalists. The stimulus for such law suits is often media articles or reports based on unverified or unreliable information, resulting from a fundamental lack of legal knowledge on the part of journalists and media managers. At present, very little time is devoted to covering the subjects of libel and defamation within...

In recent years there has been an increased demand for more participatory forms of media in the Pacific region, thus accounting for the emergence of community radios in certain areas. Community radios are important tools for development since they enable the participation of marginalized groups in the development process by offering a platform for democratic discourse. Unfortunately however, many rural dwellers in the Pacific are still unable to access radio due to technical challenges. Furthermore, the scope of existing Community Radios to exercise their full potential as development...

The 26-year civil war in Sri Lanka resulted in a deep polarization within civil society and the media, with media professionals adopting self-censorship and other self-protection strategies within the relentlessly hostile environment. This has left a lasting impression on media outlets, who continue to be divided along linguistic and ethnic lines. The Sri Lankan Press Institute (SLPI), established in 2003, aims to aid the role of the media in the country's recovery process by delivering training in various aspects of journalism via its educational arm, the Sri Lanka College of Journalism (...

In recent years there has been an increase in the number of lawsuits filed against media professionals on grounds such as defamation, contempt of court, breach of parliamentary privilege, sedition, and breach of public morals and media ethics. This has exposed an urgent need for journalists to acquire an understanding of the legal environment in which they operate in order to protect themselves against such dangers. The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) is committed to addressing the issue of legal awareness among journalists in order to maintain plurality of...

The Paris Declaration on Broadcast Media and Climate Change adopted by UNESCO in 2009, recognizes that broadcast media play a critical role in stimulating policy debate and in mobilizing knowledge to empower societies' decision-making on issues relating to climate change. In order to maximize this role, it is essential that journalists are provided with the means and knowledge to disseminate accurate information on such matters in a manner which is accessible at a local level. This project aims to address this need by equipping print journalists with the necessary scientific knowledge and...

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