Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Radio and television broadcasting is important for a country like Tonga, where more than half of the population lives in isolated islands separated by vast distances. The communication value of radio and television broadcasting is essential for national integration by providing education, information and entertainment, and by preserving cultural integrity for the people of Tonga. As a public service broadcaster, the mission of the BroadCom Broadcasting is to deliver to the people of Tonga quality programmes, education, news, information and entertainment. To be able to accomplish its task...

The importance of community-access radio in promoting social and community development, basic education, and models of good governance has been widely acknowledged in the international community. According to the World Association of Community Broadcasters’ 2007 report on community radio (CR) and its social impact, this form of development communication has contributed to poverty reduction and sustainable development, fostered broader non-partisan political communication within countries (including peace building and conflict resolution), helped to engage marginalized or excluded...

Cambodia is still suffering from the effects of the genocidal Khmer Rouge regime of the 1970s and the ensuing years of civil strife. The legacy of these historical factors is manifold, but two major effects are the prevalence of a voiceless and fragmented civil society, unable or unwilling to speak up about basic rights, and the continuation of repressive or corrupt state systems. This is particularly noticeable in the constraints placed upon freedom of expression and media plurality in Cambodia. The adoption of the new penal code in 2010 potentially limits freedom of expression and...

As the illiteracy rate in the rural areas is still high, radio is the most commonly used medium of the rural people in Cambodia to receive information, with almost every family in the provinces owning a radio set. Although provincial radio stations do exist in more than 10 provinces in Cambodia, most of their programming content is relayed from the Radio Nationale Kampuchea (RNK) in Phnom Penh. Therefore, the majority of programmes do not serve the specific requirements of the community people since the information needs of provincial people are different, not least in geographical terms....

The development of the radio sector in Lao PDR is slow, especially in the northern, mountainous part of the country where radio signal cannot reach many communities. Like the rest of the country’s media sector, Lao National Radio lacks the equipment for developing radio networks. Its capacity needs to be enhanced if it is to compete with international broadcasters and growing new media.
 
Nearly 44 percent of the country’s total population (6.3 million) is regarded as a member of various minority ethnic groups. Xiengkho District, one of the 47 poorest districts of Laos, has...

In recent years there has been an increased demand for more participatory forms of media in the Pacific region, thus accounting for the emergence of community radios in certain areas. Community radios are important tools for development since they enable the participation of marginalized groups in the development process by offering a platform for democratic discourse. Unfortunately however, many rural dwellers in the Pacific are still unable to access radio due to technical challenges. Furthermore, the scope of existing Community Radios to exercise their full potential as development...

The 26-year civil war in Sri Lanka resulted in a deep polarization within civil society and the media, with media professionals adopting self-censorship and other self-protection strategies within the relentlessly hostile environment. This has left a lasting impression on media outlets, who continue to be divided along linguistic and ethnic lines. The Sri Lankan Press Institute (SLPI), established in 2003, aims to aid the role of the media in the country's recovery process by delivering training in various aspects of journalism via its educational arm, the Sri Lanka College of Journalism (...

In recent years there has been an increase in the number of lawsuits filed against media professionals on grounds such as defamation, contempt of court, breach of parliamentary privilege, sedition, and breach of public morals and media ethics. This has exposed an urgent need for journalists to acquire an understanding of the legal environment in which they operate in order to protect themselves against such dangers. The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) is committed to addressing the issue of legal awareness among journalists in order to maintain plurality of...

The Paris Declaration on Broadcast Media and Climate Change adopted by UNESCO in 2009, recognizes that broadcast media play a critical role in stimulating policy debate and in mobilizing knowledge to empower societies' decision-making on issues relating to climate change. In order to maximize this role, it is essential that journalists are provided with the means and knowledge to disseminate accurate information on such matters in a manner which is accessible at a local level. This project aims to address this need by equipping print journalists with the necessary scientific knowledge and...

In 2008, the Oceania Television Network (OTV) developed the Micronesian island of Palau's first ever television news programme, with the help of financial support from the IPDC. Since its launch, television news has become the primary source of information for the Palauan community - raising awareness and promoting discussion on important political, educational, environmental and social issues. With the exception of Palau however, much of Micronesia does not have access to television news, due to lack of resources in terms of equipment, staff, and training opportunities. This project will...

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