Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Central Asian media organizations face a myriad of changes in a region where economic and political conditions vary widely. It is an opportune time for these organizations to reposition themselves through wise management of human resource development programmes in order to grow and become self reliant. Although modern technologies continue to transform the media industries, they cannot replace human creativity and competence. Journalists, engineers and managers have realized that the skills with which they started in their professional careers are no longer sufficient. At the same time,...

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The media in Burma is still heavily censored, but in the recent years, there have been more news stories in the private print media on business and economics, health issues like HIV, malaria, TB and Avian Flu, environment and social issues etc. There is an urgent need to improve the professional capacity of the working journalists, since there is no formal journalism training in the Burmese education system. The American Centre, the British Council and the UNICEF in Burma have provided some training for the local journalists in the recent years. All public libraries are subject to...

Uzbekistan gained its independence in the early nineties. Since then, legislation changes have been made in favour of the freedom of the media: for example passing a law on abolishment of the censorship in 2002. Following this, along with existing government broadcasters, several nongovernmental media outlets have started operations in the country. Many of them mostly cover the capital and its suburb regions, leaving the population of the remote the Aral Sea Basin area vulnerable to get access to constructive information that represents various shades of opinion. Hence, the population of...

Following the peoples' movement for re-establishment of democracy in April 2006, Nepal has embarked on a sustained path to democracy respecting human rights, media freedom and free flow of information. Because of liberal government policy, more than four dozens community radios (CRs) were opened within the last eight months, reaching a total of 91, out of which 36 stations are already on air and 15 more stations will be on air by the end of October 2007. While professional training is a must for any fresh entrant in the media profession, the journalists of CRs are always constrained with...

Fifteen years ago all newspapers in Kazakhstan were published by the state. As from independence in 1991, it was expected that the new era would lead to a new independent and pluralist approach to social and political reporting. However today, the print media are being criticized for being too keen for crime stories and entertainment in hope of better advertising revenue and business sustainability, to the detriment of social and political reporting. Small regional and local newspapers seek to reflect local concerns of communities. However, they face difficulties due to such reasons as: (i...

The Eastern region of India comprising Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh is considered the poorest by the government, with many media-dark areas in terms of coverage. These states are also the main focus in the UN CCA and UNDAF. They are moreover home to several tribal communities and scheduled castes and carry a very low literacy rate, particularly among women. Most of the villages in this region are not electrified which restricts access to electronic media. The reach of newspapers is negligible due to low literacy. The media furthermore tend to be...

Problems facing CMCs in India include: lack of awareness by marginalised community groups and decision-makers of the vital use of CMC tools in advocating for change and improving quality of life; lack of adequate capacity for the operation of CMC tools; lack of access by communities to such tools and information. This project will address more specifically the lack of awareness by two disadvantaged communities on the possible applications of CMC tools. The target communities, Chanderi and Pranpur, are very poor weaver communities long dependent on this profession for their livelihood....

Bhutan is going through fundamental changes, and independent news, views and information affecting the Bhutanese society are of paramount importance. Freedom of speech, press and expression are new concepts in Bhutan. Only a strong presence of independent press can reinforce these ideals enabling a free flow of information and exchange. Otherwise, the news and information will continue to be dominated by the government media. The project envisages the establishment of a news and public service announcements (PSA) production unit, extension of the FM service to lower Wang valley (Talakha...

In Bangladesh, the vital development problems in the media sector include lack of skill, lack of professionalism and of social commitment, financial constraints of the media houses, violence against and intolerance towards journalists. The first two abovementioned will be treated under the framework of this project. Objective and sensible journalism that the society expects from the media cannot be pursued in Bangladesh for insufficient skills, inappropriate professional approach and social commitment of the journalists. As people from various disciplines enter the profession without...

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