Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The media in Burma is still heavily censored, but in the recent years, there have been more news stories in the private print media on business and economics, health issues like HIV, malaria, TB and Avian Flu, environment and social issues etc. There is an urgent need to improve the professional capacity of the working journalists, since there is no formal journalism training in the Burmese education system. The American Centre, the British Council and the UNICEF in Burma have provided some training for the local journalists in the recent years. All public libraries are subject to...

Uzbekistan gained its independence in the early nineties. Since then, legislation changes have been made in favour of the freedom of the media: for example passing a law on abolishment of the censorship in 2002. Following this, along with existing government broadcasters, several nongovernmental media outlets have started operations in the country. Many of them mostly cover the capital and its suburb regions, leaving the population of the remote the Aral Sea Basin area vulnerable to get access to constructive information that represents various shades of opinion. Hence, the population of...

Following the peoples' movement for re-establishment of democracy in April 2006, Nepal has embarked on a sustained path to democracy respecting human rights, media freedom and free flow of information. Because of liberal government policy, more than four dozens community radios (CRs) were opened within the last eight months, reaching a total of 91, out of which 36 stations are already on air and 15 more stations will be on air by the end of October 2007. While professional training is a must for any fresh entrant in the media profession, the journalists of CRs are always constrained with...

Fundamental rights in South Asia have never been at a stage where constitutional guarantees of human rights and promises made by governments have translated into strong practices in reality. Across the region, the repression of dissent, the intolerance of alternative narratives and the clamping down on free media and the freedom of expression pose significant challenges to sustainable development, political stability, good governance and ultimately, the timbre of democracy. Cultural values and norms coupled with extremist nationalism, mono-ethnic majoritarianism and populist religious...

The province of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea has passed through an extended period of civil insurrection that has left countless thousands of people dead, injured or internally displaced. The island's infrastructure, especially in the south of the province, has been almost totally shattered, schools and hospitals destroyed, airports closed, towns wrecked, shops looted and transportation links in disarray. During the violence, the province's National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) radio station (Radio Bougainville) left the airwaves after its studios and offices in Kieta were razed. The...

Since the early nineties, there are only two media organisations on Niue keeping the population upto- date with news, current affairs and community developments. Whilst the government-owned Broadcasting Corporation of Niue provides TV and radio services, the Niue Star provides a weekly newspaper in Niuean with English translation. During the devastating cyclone Heta, the Niue Star office in central Alofi suffered extensive damage resulting in loss of plant, equipment and historical records. Soon after, the production and office administration was relocated to Auckland until such time Niue...

With the success of CMC model in Tansen and for that matter in Nepal, the demand from the neighbouring villages has tremendously increased, not only to address the development issues and disseminate knowledge, but also to build the skills and capacity of ICTs. This model helps create media literacy with the community's participation. With many years of experience in this field and available human resources, CMC Tansen wants to replicate the same model in the entire Palpa Districts to the benefit of marginalised and disadvantaged community groups. The proposed solution is to build on...

Kyrgyzstan's youth was actively engaged in March 2005 events, hoping to see significant changes occur in the country. Following March 24, 2005, the day that led to change of power in the country, young people of Kyrgyzstan are in a state of trauma : more than a year has passed since the revolution, but the results for better life are disappointing. Many political observers note that young people of Kyrgyzstan, including young journalists and media students, are easily manipulated by catchy slogans to serve the interests of political forces, due to their lack of exposure to critical...

Fifteen years ago all newspapers in Kazakhstan were published by the state. As from independence in 1991, it was expected that the new era would lead to a new independent and pluralist approach to social and political reporting. However today, the print media are being criticized for being too keen for crime stories and entertainment in hope of better advertising revenue and business sustainability, to the detriment of social and political reporting. Small regional and local newspapers seek to reflect local concerns of communities. However, they face difficulties due to such reasons as: (i...

Pages

Subscribe to Asia and the Pacific