Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The media in Burma is still heavily censored, but in the recent years, there have been more news stories in the private print media on business and economics, health issues like HIV, malaria, TB and Avian Flu, environment and social issues etc. There is an urgent need to improve the professional capacity of the working journalists, since there is no formal journalism training in the Burmese education system. The American Centre, the British Council and the UNICEF in Burma have provided some training for the local journalists in the recent years. All public libraries are subject to...

Radio continues to play an important role in the Asia-Pacific region where millions depend on it as the sole means of information. Analogue radio, as it has existed over the last 100 years, has served the audiences quite well, providing information, entertainment, education, social messages and even personal messaging services in remote islands and in accessible areas. However, with the rise in the expectations of the public, because of advances in the new ICT technologies, the old radio by itself is no longer able to fulfil its role. Audiences now demand more information, more precision,...

Uzbekistan gained its independence in the early nineties. Since then, legislation changes have been made in favour of the freedom of the media: for example passing a law on abolishment of the censorship in 2002. Following this, along with existing government broadcasters, several nongovernmental media outlets have started operations in the country. Many of them mostly cover the capital and its suburb regions, leaving the population of the remote the Aral Sea Basin area vulnerable to get access to constructive information that represents various shades of opinion. Hence, the population of...

The 'Model Curriculum for Journalism Education for Developing Countries and Emerging Democracies' launched by UNESCO in July 2007 is an inspirational document designed to raise the level and standards of journalism education in developing countries. Through consultations with academic organisations, journalists, journalist associations and policy-makers in the Asian region, this projects aims to develop Asia-specific material to support the model curriculum drawn up by UNESCO for four specific subject areas, and wherever appropriate, modify it to suit specific local conditions. This...

Over the past fours years, independent media in Afghanistan has made significant developments, particularly in radio broadcasting. Research has shown that women have a high listening power when it comes to radio. However, they remain under-represented, both as target audiences and creators of radio programming. There are 4 women-run radio stations in Afghanistan which, while successful, go a small distance towards fully integrating gender relations in the broadcasting sector. The training, design and implementation of a 'Women at Work' Radio Programme entitled Mirror of Women in 5...

The province of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea has passed through an extended period of civil insurrection that has left countless thousands of people dead, injured or internally displaced. The island's infrastructure, especially in the south of the province, has been almost totally shattered, schools and hospitals destroyed, airports closed, towns wrecked, shops looted and transportation links in disarray. During the violence, the province's National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) radio station (Radio Bougainville) left the airwaves after its studios and offices in Kieta were razed. The...

In September 2005, femLINKpacific opened the doors of its pilot community media centre in the capital city, Suva, which has served as an important base for the channelling of information to and from local communities. Through this project, femLINK now plans to strengthen its community empowerment programme in two key rural communities by assisting them in establishing and managing their mobile community radio units ('Radio in suitcase ') housed in a community multimedia centre (CMC). Communities will be initially equipped with information-communication resources to develop their community...

Since the early nineties, there are only two media organisations on Niue keeping the population upto- date with news, current affairs and community developments. Whilst the government-owned Broadcasting Corporation of Niue provides TV and radio services, the Niue Star provides a weekly newspaper in Niuean with English translation. During the devastating cyclone Heta, the Niue Star office in central Alofi suffered extensive damage resulting in loss of plant, equipment and historical records. Soon after, the production and office administration was relocated to Auckland until such time Niue...

In view of the upcoming parliamentary elections, this project aims to build the capacity of media practitioners to cover the electoral process in a fair, accurate and balanced manner. The project plans to organize training sessions for at least 120 media professionals from at least five districts of Nepal. In the selection of participants, priority will be given to practitioners from remote areas and from minority or underrepresented groups. The project activities will develop skills and enable the media practitioners and media houses to contribute to the transitional democratic process by...

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