Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Print press in Bangladesh is pluralist and free. Broadcasting includes private satellite and radio channels. But many media do not respect media ethics. The media in Bangladesh is now virtually acting like the Fourth Estate. Despite all the freedom and 'fourth estate' status, one seldom sees any investigative and in-depth reporting in either newspaper or in television. Even those reports, which are printed with an investigative report tag, are not investigative reports in true sense, since the ingredients of investigative reports are missing from those stories. Lack of training for...

The Talas Oblast, a remote region in North-West of Kyrgyzstan holds several sad records nationwide: the highest maternity death rate (polyclinic statistics), the highest dowry for girls (newspapers) and children lagging behind in physical development due to inappropriate meals (UNICEF). Moreover, informative media coverage on these issues is difficult to come across. The state-controlled local newspaper published an article blaming the increase of village women coming for delivery to the city hospital to spoil the otherwise good birth statistics of that clinic. The dowry rates in Kyrgyz...

In Bangladesh, mass media ? both print and electronic ? had gone through a turbulent period until restoration of democracy in 1990. However, the situation is still not ideal. There are many laws and several sections under the Bangladesh Penal Code that affect the free functioning of the press. The most important of them is the Official Secrets Act. This 19th century Act, which might have served the purposes of colonial rule, remains in force. Once electronic media was a government monopoly, and now there are a number of satellite-based private TV and radio stations, but their concentration...

Central Asian media organizations face a myriad of changes in a region where economic and political conditions vary widely. It is an opportune time for these organizations to reposition themselves through wise management of human resource development programmes in order to grow and become self reliant. Although modern technologies continue to transform the media industries, they cannot replace human creativity and competence. Journalists, engineers and managers have realized that the skills with which they started in their professional careers are no longer sufficient. At the same time,...

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The province of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea has passed through an extended period of civil insurrection that has left countless thousands of people dead, injured or internally displaced. The island's infrastructure, especially in the south of the province, has been almost totally shattered, schools and hospitals destroyed, airports closed, towns wrecked, shops looted and transportation links in disarray. During the violence, the province's National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) radio station (Radio Bougainville) left the airwaves after its studios and offices in Kieta were razed. The...

Since the early nineties, there are only two media organisations on Niue keeping the population upto- date with news, current affairs and community developments. Whilst the government-owned Broadcasting Corporation of Niue provides TV and radio services, the Niue Star provides a weekly newspaper in Niuean with English translation. During the devastating cyclone Heta, the Niue Star office in central Alofi suffered extensive damage resulting in loss of plant, equipment and historical records. Soon after, the production and office administration was relocated to Auckland until such time Niue...

With the success of CMC model in Tansen and for that matter in Nepal, the demand from the neighbouring villages has tremendously increased, not only to address the development issues and disseminate knowledge, but also to build the skills and capacity of ICTs. This model helps create media literacy with the community's participation. With many years of experience in this field and available human resources, CMC Tansen wants to replicate the same model in the entire Palpa Districts to the benefit of marginalised and disadvantaged community groups. The proposed solution is to build on...

Kyrgyzstan's youth was actively engaged in March 2005 events, hoping to see significant changes occur in the country. Following March 24, 2005, the day that led to change of power in the country, young people of Kyrgyzstan are in a state of trauma : more than a year has passed since the revolution, but the results for better life are disappointing. Many political observers note that young people of Kyrgyzstan, including young journalists and media students, are easily manipulated by catchy slogans to serve the interests of political forces, due to their lack of exposure to critical...

Fifteen years ago all newspapers in Kazakhstan were published by the state. As from independence in 1991, it was expected that the new era would lead to a new independent and pluralist approach to social and political reporting. However today, the print media are being criticized for being too keen for crime stories and entertainment in hope of better advertising revenue and business sustainability, to the detriment of social and political reporting. Small regional and local newspapers seek to reflect local concerns of communities. However, they face difficulties due to such reasons as: (i...

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