Regions: Asia and the Pacific

The last two decades have witnessed increased freedom for the print media and liberalisation of the broadcasting section in Pakistan. Today, more than 1000 dailies, weeklies and magazines are being published in the country, while more than 172 licenses have been issued to private FM radio stations and TV channels. Similarly, Internet use is increasing at an astounding rate. Some seven million Pakistanis in more than 1000 cities, towns and rural centres are connected to the Internet. Recently, newspapers publishers have been authorised to open their TV channels. However, freedom of...

Accurate and balanced environmental information is important for the Central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The region's ecosystem is fragile and all five countries depend on each other in environmental security. The key challenges of environmental web journalism in Central Asia are poor information sourcing and research skills, poor skills in writing web news, and lack of environmental expertise. With the above situation in mind, the aim of this project proposal to IPDC is to (i) develop training materials on the Basics of Environmental...

Pakistani media continues to face pressures from the government authorities, political and other groups. In addition to other punitive measures, the government has increased the use of advertising as a lever to pressure publications. Pakistani journalists also continue to face incidents of violence by political, ethnic and religious groups. Despite these problems, a wide range of publications provide a diverse and critical coverage of national and international affairs. A large number of television and radio stations have also opened up in the private sector, ending decades of government...

Radio continues to play an important role in the Asia-Pacific region where millions depend on it as the sole means of information. Analogue radio, as it has existed over the last 100 years, has served the audiences quite well, providing information, entertainment, education, social messages and even personal messaging services in remote islands and in accessible areas. However, with the rise in the expectations of the public, because of advances in the new ICT technologies, the old radio by itself is no longer able to fulfil its role. Audiences now demand more information, more precision,...

The 'Model Curriculum for Journalism Education for Developing Countries and Emerging Democracies' launched by UNESCO in July 2007 is an inspirational document designed to raise the level and standards of journalism education in developing countries. Through consultations with academic organisations, journalists, journalist associations and policy-makers in the Asian region, this projects aims to develop Asia-specific material to support the model curriculum drawn up by UNESCO for four specific subject areas, and wherever appropriate, modify it to suit specific local conditions. This...

This project aims to identify and document broadcasting models where public service and community-based broadcasting are interlinked, and then develop a community-based partnership strategy with mainstream media to effectively promote the UN Millennium Development Goals (UNMDGs). The research will focus on India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. A sourcebook for communicators will be published at the end of this research and consultation, with a view to informing Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) systems and community broadcasters on concrete...

Over the past fours years, independent media in Afghanistan has made significant developments, particularly in radio broadcasting. Research has shown that women have a high listening power when it comes to radio. However, they remain under-represented, both as target audiences and creators of radio programming. There are 4 women-run radio stations in Afghanistan which, while successful, go a small distance towards fully integrating gender relations in the broadcasting sector. The training, design and implementation of a 'Women at Work' Radio Programme entitled Mirror of Women in 5...

The overwhelming majority of population in the Republic of Tajikistan is not aware of the basic human rights and could not assert them if necessary. The human rights (HR) issues are not well covered in the mass media, much due to ignorance about the existing instruments, law and rights. According to an assessment carried out by Tajik Association of Independent Electronic Mass Media (TAIEMM) in 2005, only a limited number (less than 10%) of all editorial staff and journalists in local, regional and national media knows the basic principles of human rights. The other 90% are unaware of HR...

Sri Lanka is in urgent need of media that strengthens diversity and pluralism. However, a well-known litany of issues prevents media in Sri Lanka from doing so, ranging from political interference to editorial bias. The journalists who have been trained on impartial, accurate and responsible reporting, often find themselves alienated by a deep-rooted organisational culture that is inimical to professional standards of journalism. There are also fears of political backlash for taking on issues in the public interest. The media also has very limited engagement in young people, especially...

The province of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea has passed through an extended period of civil insurrection that has left countless thousands of people dead, injured or internally displaced. The island's infrastructure, especially in the south of the province, has been almost totally shattered, schools and hospitals destroyed, airports closed, towns wrecked, shops looted and transportation links in disarray. During the violence, the province's National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) radio station (Radio Bougainville) left the airwaves after its studios and offices in Kieta were razed. The...

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