Regions: Asia and the Pacific

Central Asian media organizations face a myriad of changes in a region where economic and political conditions vary widely. It is an opportune time for these organizations to reposition themselves through wise management of human resource development programmes in order to grow and become self reliant. Although modern technologies continue to transform the media industries, they cannot replace human creativity and competence. Journalists, engineers and managers have realized that the skills with which they started in their professional careers are no longer sufficient. At the same time,...

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The media in Burma is still heavily censored, but in the recent years, there have been more news stories in the private print media on business and economics, health issues like HIV, malaria, TB and Avian Flu, environment and social issues etc. There is an urgent need to improve the professional capacity of the working journalists, since there is no formal journalism training in the Burmese education system. The American Centre, the British Council and the UNICEF in Burma have provided some training for the local journalists in the recent years. All public libraries are subject to...

Uzbekistan gained its independence in the early nineties. Since then, legislation changes have been made in favour of the freedom of the media: for example passing a law on abolishment of the censorship in 2002. Following this, along with existing government broadcasters, several nongovernmental media outlets have started operations in the country. Many of them mostly cover the capital and its suburb regions, leaving the population of the remote the Aral Sea Basin area vulnerable to get access to constructive information that represents various shades of opinion. Hence, the population of...

Following the peoples' movement for re-establishment of democracy in April 2006, Nepal has embarked on a sustained path to democracy respecting human rights, media freedom and free flow of information. Because of liberal government policy, more than four dozens community radios (CRs) were opened within the last eight months, reaching a total of 91, out of which 36 stations are already on air and 15 more stations will be on air by the end of October 2007. While professional training is a must for any fresh entrant in the media profession, the journalists of CRs are always constrained with...

In September 2005, femLINKpacific opened the doors of its pilot community media centre in the capital city, Suva, which has served as an important base for the channelling of information to and from local communities. Through this project, femLINK now plans to strengthen its community empowerment programme in two key rural communities by assisting them in establishing and managing their mobile community radio units ('Radio in suitcase ') housed in a community multimedia centre (CMC). Communities will be initially equipped with information-communication resources to develop their community...

In view of the upcoming parliamentary elections, this project aims to build the capacity of media practitioners to cover the electoral process in a fair, accurate and balanced manner. The project plans to organize training sessions for at least 120 media professionals from at least five districts of Nepal. In the selection of participants, priority will be given to practitioners from remote areas and from minority or underrepresented groups. The project activities will develop skills and enable the media practitioners and media houses to contribute to the transitional democratic process by...

The province of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea has passed through an extended period of civil insurrection that has left countless thousands of people dead, injured or internally displaced. The island's infrastructure, especially in the south of the province, has been almost totally shattered, schools and hospitals destroyed, airports closed, towns wrecked, shops looted and transportation links in disarray. During the violence, the province's National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) radio station (Radio Bougainville) left the airwaves after its studios and offices in Kieta were razed. The...

Since the early nineties, there are only two media organisations on Niue keeping the population upto- date with news, current affairs and community developments. Whilst the government-owned Broadcasting Corporation of Niue provides TV and radio services, the Niue Star provides a weekly newspaper in Niuean with English translation. During the devastating cyclone Heta, the Niue Star office in central Alofi suffered extensive damage resulting in loss of plant, equipment and historical records. Soon after, the production and office administration was relocated to Auckland until such time Niue...

This project aims to identify and document broadcasting models where public service and community-based broadcasting are interlinked, and then develop a community-based partnership strategy with mainstream media to effectively promote the UN Millennium Development Goals (UNMDGs). The research will focus on India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. A sourcebook for communicators will be published at the end of this research and consultation, with a view to informing Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) systems and community broadcasters on concrete...

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