Regions: Asia and the Pacific

In Bangladesh, mass media ? both print and electronic ? had gone through a turbulent period until restoration of democracy in 1990. However, the situation is still not ideal. There are many laws and several sections under the Bangladesh Penal Code that affect the free functioning of the press. The most important of them is the Official Secrets Act. This 19th century Act, which might have served the purposes of colonial rule, remains in force. Once electronic media was a government monopoly, and now there are a number of satellite-based private TV and radio stations, but their concentration...

Central Asian media organizations face a myriad of changes in a region where economic and political conditions vary widely. It is an opportune time for these organizations to reposition themselves through wise management of human resource development programmes in order to grow and become self reliant. Although modern technologies continue to transform the media industries, they cannot replace human creativity and competence. Journalists, engineers and managers have realized that the skills with which they started in their professional careers are no longer sufficient. At the same time,...

Despite efforts undertaken by the media to accurately report on Afghanistan daily realities, serious threats on press freedom are present, thus impeding the Afghan population to access the objective, independent and reliable information that is needed for citizens to fully participate in the democratic process. Today, journalists in Afghanistan lack the security, independence and access to information they need to fulfil their professional duties in the best and impartial manner. Censorship exists in three forms, direct, indirect and self-censorship. Discussion around any Islamic concept...

The media in Burma is still heavily censored, but in the recent years, there have been more news stories in the private print media on business and economics, health issues like HIV, malaria, TB and Avian Flu, environment and social issues etc. There is an urgent need to improve the professional capacity of the working journalists, since there is no formal journalism training in the Burmese education system. The American Centre, the British Council and the UNICEF in Burma have provided some training for the local journalists in the recent years. All public libraries are subject to...

Uzbekistan gained its independence in the early nineties. Since then, legislation changes have been made in favour of the freedom of the media: for example passing a law on abolishment of the censorship in 2002. Following this, along with existing government broadcasters, several nongovernmental media outlets have started operations in the country. Many of them mostly cover the capital and its suburb regions, leaving the population of the remote the Aral Sea Basin area vulnerable to get access to constructive information that represents various shades of opinion. Hence, the population of...

With the success of CMC model in Tansen and for that matter in Nepal, the demand from the neighbouring villages has tremendously increased, not only to address the development issues and disseminate knowledge, but also to build the skills and capacity of ICTs. This model helps create media literacy with the community's participation. With many years of experience in this field and available human resources, CMC Tansen wants to replicate the same model in the entire Palpa Districts to the benefit of marginalised and disadvantaged community groups. The proposed solution is to build on...

Kyrgyzstan's youth was actively engaged in March 2005 events, hoping to see significant changes occur in the country. Following March 24, 2005, the day that led to change of power in the country, young people of Kyrgyzstan are in a state of trauma : more than a year has passed since the revolution, but the results for better life are disappointing. Many political observers note that young people of Kyrgyzstan, including young journalists and media students, are easily manipulated by catchy slogans to serve the interests of political forces, due to their lack of exposure to critical...

Fifteen years ago all newspapers in Kazakhstan were published by the state. As from independence in 1991, it was expected that the new era would lead to a new independent and pluralist approach to social and political reporting. However today, the print media are being criticized for being too keen for crime stories and entertainment in hope of better advertising revenue and business sustainability, to the detriment of social and political reporting. Small regional and local newspapers seek to reflect local concerns of communities. However, they face difficulties due to such reasons as: (i...

The Eastern region of India comprising Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh is considered the poorest by the government, with many media-dark areas in terms of coverage. These states are also the main focus in the UN CCA and UNDAF. They are moreover home to several tribal communities and scheduled castes and carry a very low literacy rate, particularly among women. Most of the villages in this region are not electrified which restricts access to electronic media. The reach of newspapers is negligible due to low literacy. The media furthermore tend to be...

Problems facing CMCs in India include: lack of awareness by marginalised community groups and decision-makers of the vital use of CMC tools in advocating for change and improving quality of life; lack of adequate capacity for the operation of CMC tools; lack of access by communities to such tools and information. This project will address more specifically the lack of awareness by two disadvantaged communities on the possible applications of CMC tools. The target communities, Chanderi and Pranpur, are very poor weaver communities long dependent on this profession for their livelihood....

Pages

Subscribe to Asia and the Pacific