Regions: Arab States

The Middle East is home to one of the fastest growing Internet populations in the world, and Jordan stands out in particular, with roughly 56% of its six million population now online, compared to only 11% in 2000. Moreover, a rising mobile penetration rate over 100% (with smartphone users representing over 50% of the market), an environment of substantial digital access amongst the Jordanian population emerges. With this accessibility in mind, the Internet has become a prominent space for average citizens (predominantly youth) to access news, engage in discussions, blog, publish content...

Traditional media as well as citizen journalism have played an important role in setting the stage for change in the country. In the upcoming period and in the context of transition toward democracy, Egyptian media has a higher responsibility to raise awareness on political, social and cultural issues in Egyptian society such as the recognition of an individual’s right to freedom of expression. The wide notion of journalism has been reconsidered in Egypt and in the Arab world, with the massive use of non-professional footage by traditional channels such as Al Jazeera and the fast...

At a time when Algerian universities are training thousands of students in Information and Communication Sciences, the media sector has flourished in terms of job opportunities. However, print-media companies, both private and public, have been reluctant in opening their doors to university graduates. Graduates from universities' Information Sciences departments are rarely hired by the many French-language newspapers, which are increasing turning to graduates with diplomas in natural sciences and foreign languages. It is for this reason that the Ecole nationale supérieure de journalisme et...

The Ecole Nationale d’Administration was established in 1966 to train senior-level Mauritanian government officials, and in this capacity it was entrusted with the task of setting up Journalism Institute. Since 2011, the Institute has been offering a programme of initial training in journalism, as well as a programme of ongoing training aimed at practising journalists. Since then, it has been operating under the name, Ecole nationale d’administration, du journalisme et de la magistrature (ENAJM) (National School of Administration, Journalism and Magistracy). This project provides for a...

Since the birth of the social movement on 20 February 2011, which took to the streets of Morocco to demand policy reforms leading towards a genuine democratic regime respectful of human rights, numerous protesters have been attacked by law enforcement officials. Likewise, a large number of media professionals, both Moroccan and foreign, have suffered and continue to suffer from the violent reactions of a regime which has never ceased to practise a policy of control on information. These reactions range from physical aggression to the withdrawal of journalists' press cards, as well as...

The post-revolution media sector in Tunisia has entered an uncertain stage where there is a clear lack of regulation and confusion about media-ethics standards. The majority of media professionals does not differ between criticism and defamation, and some media managers incite their employees to go beyond ethical limits in order to increase their audiences and profits. Therefore, there is a general incorrect use of the right of freedom of expression and information by Tunisian media at large. Unfortunately, there isn’t any Press Council to ensure self-regulation among media professionals....

Harassment, intimidation and physical threats against journalists and media professionals have increased in the Occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) during the first six months of year 2013 – according to Mada violations report. 113 violations were registered 54.4% of them were committed by the Israeli occupation and the rest were committed by the security apparatuses in Gaza Strip and West Bank. Violations against bloggers and social media activists have increased in the past year. The violations took the form of investigations, imprisonment, prevention of coverage, prevention of travel...

The issues in the Palestinian media of overemphasising politics and of overlooking and marginalizing the socio-economic needs of local groups exist nationwide. This has consequently led to the absence of the concept of “citizen journalism” as well as at the grassroots level. Media capacity is not being used and employed for lobbying towards development and socioeconomic needs of people at the grassroots/locality/district level. No social media/bloggers synergies for development are formed and built up, even no influential or collective efforts are available.
 
The transition...

Right of access to information is considered as one of the most essential Constituents of freedom of press and media. As per the studies and annual reports issued by the Press Syndicate and the Civil Society Institutions, right of access to information is inaccessible to journalists and media professionals in Jordan. The Jordanian Constitution does not provide citizens the right of access to information, in addition to the fact that the law which guarantees the right of access to information is a restricted law which leads to making the confidentiality of information and documents is the...

The conclusion many researchers have drawn is that (for the most part) the media relegate women to marginality, silence or absence. It has been revealed to several field studies and media conferences that there are certain obvious obstacles to women's access to various communication and information sources, particularly in Upper Egypt. These include poverty, illiteracy, low levels of education and lack of time. National and local conferences about mass-media confirmed that journalists in Upper Egypt, and especially women, are in dire need for consistent systems of scientific knowledge...

Pages

Subscribe to Arab States