Regions: Arab States

Right of access to information is considered as one of the most essential Constituents of freedom of press and media. As per the studies and annual reports issued by the Press Syndicate and the Civil Society Institutions, right of access to information is inaccessible to journalists and media professionals in Jordan. The Jordanian Constitution does not provide citizens the right of access to information, in addition to the fact that the law which guarantees the right of access to information is a restricted law which leads to making the confidentiality of information and documents is the...

The conclusion many researchers have drawn is that (for the most part) the media relegate women to marginality, silence or absence. It has been revealed to several field studies and media conferences that there are certain obvious obstacles to women's access to various communication and information sources, particularly in Upper Egypt. These include poverty, illiteracy, low levels of education and lack of time. National and local conferences about mass-media confirmed that journalists in Upper Egypt, and especially women, are in dire need for consistent systems of scientific knowledge...

During the first six months of 2012, the Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms (MADA) monitored 102 violations against journalists and media outlets, of which 34 were physical attacks. In addition, over the past decade, IOF have killed 20 journalists during while they were covering various events in Palestine. Media departments at the Palestinian universities are contributing to the current situation in two ways: curricula do not include courses about local media laws or international conventions, legal standards and resolutions related to journalism. Therefore, journalists...

The Palestinian Basic Law of 2003 includes guarantees related to press freedom, media pluralism and the protection of journalists; yet these have not been accompanied by enforcement measures ensuring their respect in practice. According to Reporters without Borders, Palestine ranked 153 over 179 in the freedom of the press index. The IREX Media Sustainability Index reports that in 2008 Palestine experienced a worsening situation. Evident progress in free-press advocacy, increased professionalism, and new media businesses may be too recent to judge sustainability.

The news market in...

La presse écrite indépendante en Algérie est née en 1990, dans des conditions difficiles. Plus de 100 journalistes ont été assassinés au début des années ‘90 et d’autres ont été emprisonnés. Aujourd’hui, il existe plus de 80 quotidiens dans les deux langues, arabe et français. Plusieurs quotidiens réalisent des tirages très importants, dépassant les 100 000 exemplaires/jour. 90% des journalistes travaillant dans ces médias ont moins de 45 ans et ne bénéficient pas de cycles de formation continue ou de perfectionnement.

Bien que l’on puisse considérer la presse algérienne comme...

Au Maroc, la réforme de l’audiovisuel engagée en 2004, n’a pas débouché sur le pluralisme médiatique escompté : le paysage audiovisuel demeure à ce jour restreint aux médias du pôle public et aux médias privés à caractère commercial. La suppression du monopôle de l'Etat en matière de radiodiffusion et la création de la Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA), n’ont pas abouti à un cadre juridique garantissant la liberté d’expression et le pluralisme et la loi en vigueur ne prévoit pas l’attribution de licence pour opérer des médias audiovisuels à caractère associatif ou...

Malgré l’existence d’un environnement médiatique plutôt favorable depuis les élections en 2009 qui ont marqué le retour de la Mauritanie à un ordre constitutionnel, l’absence de structure locale de formation de journalistes, l’accès difficile et le nombre réduit de formations à l’étranger ont constitué jusqu’ici des obstacles à une formation adaptée aux besoins des professionnels des médias. L’Ecole Nationale d’Administration, créée en 1966 pour former les hauts fonctionnaires de l’Etat mauritanien, s’est ainsi vu confier la mission de créer un institut de journalisme. Depuis fin mars 2010...

South Sudan experienced a prolonged period of war, beginning in the North in 1955 and ending after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005. The war led to the suppression of the mass media industry in South Sudan by the North. After the CPA, the media began to develop in South Sudan without undue Government harassment, and currently the country’s mass media industry is in its formative stage. Freedom of expression exists in law and practice, however there have been cases where journalists have been arrested and harassed by security forces whilst carrying out their...

The purpose of this project is to provide training for journalists in Egypt and Yemen on investigative journalism and computer assisted reporting. This training opportunity for countries in transition towards democracy is vital for capacity building of journalists and editors who suffer to varying degrees from censorship, concentration of media ownership, and a lack of tradition for in-depth reporting. The winds of change blowing across the Arab World at present have exposed structural and professional obstacles blocking the development of professional media. But a window of opportunity...

This project aims to upgrade the skills of 90 local journalists from regional media houses in the provinces of southern Iraq (Basra, Maysan and Thee Qar), in the field of investigative journalism. This will raise the proficiency and professionalism of local reporters in accordance with international modern standards of investigative reporting. The project also aims to create a network of investigative reporters based initially on the participation of the 90 journalists who will receive training.
 
Transparency International reports Iraq to be the fourth most corrupt state in...

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