Regions: Africa

Statistics gathered by UNESCO, as well as by other organisations such as the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Reporters Sans Frontières, the International News Safety Institute (INSI), the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) and the Inter American Press Association (IAPA) all testify to the staggering number of journalists and media workers killed while performing their professional duties. In Malawi, journalists face risks in the process of collecting and disseminating news. The risks become higher when the country is experiencing social unrest, journalists become a...

Over the last few years, there has been an increase in the number of media houses development in South Sudan. Online news, television and FM radio stations both public and private are now found in all the 10 states in South Sudan. There are approximately 97 media houses operating in South Sudan, this includes 56 FM radio stations, 11 television stations and over 30 newspapers. However in view of the printed media only one printing press that publishes the Citizen daily newspaper is functioning in the country. Even with the lack of printing presses, some states do not have access to...

“Umoji” means “one” in the local language. A group of inhabitants totaling 20,000 people, from 16 different villages, has for more than five years been meeting and finally in 2009 constituted a legal entity duly represented (each village is represented by an Elder, a Woman, a Youth and an administrator). Umoji is gazetted in the Government of Mozambique Boletim da Republica. Umoji holds a title for use and development of the land where its communities are settled. 
The Umoji Association has obtained a broadcasting license for the establishment of the community radio and the...

The Uganda population census of 2002 found 23.8 million persons of which 11.6 million were male and 12.2 million were female. 88% of the women live in the rural areas that are served by the community media for information. Driven by gender inequalities in development initiatives, the government of Uganda developed a National Gender Policy to mainstream gender concerns in the national development process in order to improve the social, legal/civic, political, economic and cultural conditions of the Ugandan people, especially its women. The policy forms the legal framework and mandate for...

The Uganda population census of 2002 found 23.8 million persons of which 11.6 million were male and 12.2 million were female. 88% of the women live in the rural areas that are served by the community media for information. Driven by gender inequalities in development initiatives, the government of Uganda developed a National Gender Policy to mainstream gender concerns in the national development process in order to improve the social, legal/civic, political, economic and cultural conditions of the Ugandan people, especially its women. The policy forms the legal framework and mandate for...

Thirty years after adoption of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), many girls and women in East Africa still do not have equal opportunities to exercise rights recognised by law. Social exclusion, “honour” killings, female genital mutilation, trafficking, restricted mobility and early marriage among others, combine to deny women the right to health and increase illness and death for women throughout their life. Evidence indicates that Media can act as both a perpetrator and as a protagonist – it can either be an accomplice to gender based...

The history of media in Lesotho reveals that community reporting was never a priority. Even in current times, some communities, no matter how close they may be to the city or town, have never appeared either on a radio station or newspaper. The voices of the people of Lesotho in the rural and some urban communities alike, are not heard. The media is in Maseru, the capital city of Lesotho. Rural communities make news only when they are involved in scandals, violence, witchcraft or any other negative story. In most instances, rural communities enjoy media coverage when there is a government...

Khorixas in Kunene Region, also known as Kaokoland, is located in the Upper Western region of Namibia. It is in one of Namibia’s thirteen regions and one of the most underdeveloped due to the mountainous inaccessible geography and the dryness that significantly hinders agriculture.
 
According to the Namibia Population and Housing Census, Kunene has an estimated population of 68,735 (34,237 females and 34,487 males or 101 males for every 100 females) growing at an annual rate of 1.9%, the population density being 0.6 persons per km2. By age, 15% of the population was under 5...

Valley fm is a community based radio which broadcasts from the picturesque town, Worcester, in the Western Cape where a large number of residents are farm dwellers and radio is the most accessible and costeffective communication medium for these rural dwellers. The station reaches and represents the listeners of the Breede Valley, Witzenberg and Langeberg municipal areas (Cape Winelands District, Western Cape) who are 121 000 (RAMS January 2013) listeners. The station broadcasts in three languages: Afrikaans (80%), isiXhosa (15%) and English (5%) covering 28 towns in a region where media...

Swaziland remains the only absolute monarchy in Africa and this by and large defines the media landscape in the country. The print media industry is dominated by two players – Times of Swaziland Group of Newspapers and Observer Group of Newspapers. The former, which is private, publishes three Englishlanguage newspapers: the daily Times of Swaziland and the weekly Swazi News and Times of Swaziland Sunday. Owned by the royal conglomerate Tibiyo Taka Ngwane, the latter publishes three English-language newspapers: the daily Swazi Observer and weekly Observer Saturday and Observer Sunday. The...

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