IPDC Project source of funds: IPDC Special account

2012 is an election year in post-conflict Sierra Leone. Given the deep scars of the past, peace is fragile and the electoral period could see a relapse into violence if, inter alia, the people feel disenfranchised in any way. Access to credible and objective information is crucial. The country’s fledgling democracy still lacks the maturity to handle political tolerance there is therefore the need for a sustained media campaign. The media landscape is generally free as there is no blatant government interference, however a number of the media outlets, particularly the print media, are...

Despite the progress in the regulatory framework for freedom of information, Uruguay still has room for improvement as far as the treatment of the self-regulatory and ethical aspects of journalism and media activity is concerned. The objective of this project is to create a space for debate and reflection on the need for an ethical reference framework to be adopted by journalists and the media, as well as on the institutions' need to deal in a transparent way with complaints that may come from media users. As noted by UNESCO in the course of the discussion on 'Journalism Ethics and Self-...

Since 2008 South Africa has experienced several spates of xenophobic attacks. Tensions between South Africans and foreign nationals living in townships and/or informal settlements are continuing to rise to alarming levels, and the media has gone little way to diffusing the situation. According to Blank and Bucholz’ article published in Research News: Xenophobia in South Africa, xenophobic attacks are fuelled by, amongst other factors, a failure on the part of the media to facilitate peace and harmonious living between the South African locals and the foreign nationals. Instead of...

The Djiboutian media landscape comprises both print and electronic media outlets, but no daily newspapers are published in the country. The Djibouti Radio and Television Broadcasting Service (RTD) is the only state-run radio outlet, and operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Culture and Communication. The RTD operates 2 FM stations and 2 AM stations. Djibouti has no formal structures which provide training in the fields of communication and journalism. In July and August 2011, a UNESCO mission conducted an on-site survey to assess needs in the area of journalism training. The...

The role played by mass media and press agencies in promoting democracy and the development of any given country is indisputable. As a developing nation, engaged in bringing tangible social and economic change, Ethiopia needs well-qualified journalists and communicators. The country has long been in need of such professionals since until very recently none of its higher institutions offered a Journalism and Communications programme of study.
 
The Department of Journalism and Communication at Mekelle University is one of ten departments under the College of Social Sciences and...

In Bolivia, radio is one of the mainstays of grassroots communication, promoting the return to democracy and giving a voice to the Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní cultures. These cultures now receive information in their own languages, on topics of their interest, thereby empowering communities and making their reality more visible. However, the Afro-Bolivian culture (located mainly in the Los Yungas zone of Bolivia) has unfortunately not been represented this way. Their reality has little visibility in the private and public media, with very few Afro-Bolivian communicators in the media....

Community Radio faces many challenges, ranging from unfavourable legislative environments to weak governance and poor sustainability. The advent of community radio was motivated by the empowerment of poor and marginalized communities. Given the relevant role played by community radios in promoting human development, good governance, social justice, empowerment of women and human rights, it is important to promote stronger partnerships, collaboration and harmonization among them. AMARC Africa has identified as a key programme area in the development and capacity building of effective...

Tigray is one of the largest regions in Ethiopia with a population of 5 million; among these numbers nearly a half million are settled in the capital city, Mekelle. In the past decade, different media institutions in the country have been given autonomous right to establish community based FM stations in their own native language to provide basic information for their community. Due to this, and the significance of the media, Mekelle FM 104.4 was established in 2009 so as to address social and economic issues of the community in Mekelle and surrounding areas. The radio covers a radius of...

Drug trafficking has become one of the main causes of problems relating to security, violence, corruption and weakening of democracy in the countries of Latin America. Fear of reporting on the topic continues to spread among journalists however, with increasingly fewer reporters venturing to cover drug trafficking and organized crime issues because they fear for their lives.
 
This project therefore is aimed at providing journalists who cover drug trafficking and organized crime, working along Colombia’s border zones, with training on self-protection mechanisms, complemented by...

Since the 90s, with the advent of democratic process and successive government action taken to open up the audio-visual sector, great strides have been made in the Central African media landscape. The implementation of community-radio development programmes, supported by the UNESCO subregional office in Yaoundé, has led to the establishment of several community radios. Today, the country boasts close to 100 community and rural radios, as well as a 40-member national network of community radio operators—the ReRaC—, which seeks to promote good governance, and the conservation and sustainable...

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