IPDC Project source of funds: IPDC Special account

Radio is acknowledged as the most widespread electronic communication medium in the world and the most convenient and affordable means of reaching the world’s populace, particularly in very remote areas. Recent surveys on Audience-Scape (2010) carried out by InterMedia show that radio is an indispensible tool in Kenya for delivering development information. Nearly all Kenyans are radio listeners, and nearly all of these listeners said they use this medium as a regular source of news and information: 89 percent of Kenyan adults get news and information from the radio on at least a weekly...

The media environment in Egypt was characterised by severe repression under the former ruling president, Hosni Mubarak. In terms of press freedom for example, Egypt was ranked 130th out of 196 countries globally by Freedom House in their Freedom of the Press 2010 Report. Despite the fall of the regime following the January 25th uprising, a lack of freedom of expression remains in force today. Traditional media as well as citizen journalism have played an important role in setting the stage for change in the country. In the upcoming period, and in the context of the transition towards...

The development of the radio sector in Lao PDR is slow, especially in the northern, mountainous part of the country where radio signal cannot reach many communities. Like the rest of the country’s media sector, Lao National Radio lacks the equipment for developing radio networks. Its capacity needs to be enhanced if it is to compete with international broadcasters and growing new media.
 
Nearly 44 percent of the country’s total population (6.3 million) is regarded as a member of various minority ethnic groups. Xiengkho District, one of the 47 poorest districts of Laos, has...

South Sudan experienced a prolonged period of war, beginning in the North in 1955 and ending after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005. The war led to the suppression of the mass media industry in South Sudan by the North. After the CPA, the media began to develop in South Sudan without undue Government harassment, and currently the country’s mass media industry is in its formative stage. Freedom of expression exists in law and practice, however there have been cases where journalists have been arrested and harassed by security forces whilst carrying out their...

The private sector print media industry in Myanmar is best characterized by its diversity, with about 400 licensed publications circulating. Of these, perhaps 100 fit into the category of news publications. There is no one single dominant player, with perhaps five to 10 large companies and many smaller operators. The private sector’s reach is however limited mostly to urban areas, particularly Yangon and Mandalay. With the government making encouraging moves towards reform, there is an acute need in Myanmar for well trained journalists to report on, and create awareness about, the...

The purpose of this project is to provide training for journalists in Egypt and Yemen on investigative journalism and computer assisted reporting. This training opportunity for countries in transition towards democracy is vital for capacity building of journalists and editors who suffer to varying degrees from censorship, concentration of media ownership, and a lack of tradition for in-depth reporting. The winds of change blowing across the Arab World at present have exposed structural and professional obstacles blocking the development of professional media. But a window of opportunity...

In the last 20 years, Vietnam’s media landscape has expanded rapidly in terms of platforms, publications, journalists and audience figures. Though this represents an encouraging trend in terms of public access to information, the development has tended to be concentrated in the urban areas, with those living in remote, mountainous and ethnic minority communities being deprived of such improvement. Given this backdrop, since 2011, the Vietnamese Government has started to implement a “National Target Programme expanding information to remote, mountainous, border and islands areas” aimed at...

This project aims to upgrade the skills of 90 local journalists from regional media houses in the provinces of southern Iraq (Basra, Maysan and Thee Qar), in the field of investigative journalism. This will raise the proficiency and professionalism of local reporters in accordance with international modern standards of investigative reporting. The project also aims to create a network of investigative reporters based initially on the participation of the 90 journalists who will receive training.
 
Transparency International reports Iraq to be the fourth most corrupt state in...

Southeast Asia is represented by a diverse range of countries in terms of politics, economy and culture, and a clear divergence in terms of respect and appreciation for fundamental human rights. The aforementioned diversity is also reflected in the media situation of the individual countries of the region, as found by respected international press freedom monitors. The 2010 press freedom index by Reporters Without Borders placed most of the countries in the region at the bottom quarter of the 178 countries assessed, while Freedom House concluded in its Freedom of the Press 2011 survey that...

Article 14 of Algeria's Information Act (no. 90-07 of April 3, 1990) provides for the freedom of all periodical publications. The abolition of the State's monopoly on print media brought in its wake a proliferation of publications. Several publications, however, are subject to the influence of political and business interests, which subverts their editorial independence. Furthermore, the State monopoly in the audio-visual sector continues to remain in force, after timid signs of opening up in 1990 and later in 1997. Although the absence of pluralism at the national level is compensated for...

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