IPDC Project source of funds: IPDC Special account

Although the Djiboutian government includes in its constitution under Article 15 clear guarantees to freedom of expression and media freedom and has also ratified a number of relevant regional and international human rights instruments, it maintains a number of laws that are incoherent to these acceptable international human rights standards which severely restrict media freedom.

The Djiboutian human rights record was reviewed under the aegis of Human Rights Council’s first cycle of Universal Periodic Review on 2 February 2009. While the state delegation highlighted some of the...

Organized crime and corruption are the principal sources of direct violence that have brought about the killing of more than a hundred journalists in the past decade, mainly in Mexico and Honduras, the forced exile of hundreds of journalists; and the shutdown of dozens of media outlets. News media self-censorship has become institutionalized as "common practice." Recklessness and negligence in news coverage is due to the lack of training in basic investigative techniques, inadequate compensation for journalists by their employers; and absence of solidarity and camaraderie among journalists...

Despite the lack of federal government in Somalia for the past 20 years, there is a vibrant media landscape throughout the country. Security and lack of infrastructure has made it nearly impossible to gauge the exact number of broadcasters, radio stations, newspapers and websites that operate within Somalia and beyond its borders to diaspora populations, but estimates put numbers of media outlets in Mogadishu at 12 radio stations, 15 newspapers, several television stations and many individually-owned online news blogs. In spite of the encouraging figures, however, many media outlets are...

Depuis 1990, les périodes d’élection en Côte d’Ivoire, comme en témoigne l’élection présidentielle de 2010, constituent des moments d’extrêmes tensions, de violence et de conflits armés dont les victimes se comptent souvent par milliers. Les faits de violence constatés pendant ces périodes sont largement imputables aux politiques qui manipulent leurs militants et les populations. Mais, il est indéniable que les médias jouent un rôle important dans l’amplification de ces crises, de par leur inféodation, pour la plupart, aux politiques dont ils se font l’écho des discours incendiaires ou à...

In South Sudan the impact of long years of conflict and war are still very evident in almost all aspects of society, and enormous efforts are currently underway to ensure peace and security, reconstruction and development. However, development processes will be difficult without the establishment of a free media in order to create an atmosphere of peaceful co-existence and to institutionalize a culture of democracy in the country. There has been limited investment in the development of the media sector in the country, and recent assessments show how the lack of access to objective...

Avec la crise actuelle que traverse le Mali, plusieurs journalistes ont déjà été victimes de coups et blessures, très souvent par manque de professionnalisme dans les écrits et autres publications. Les causes endogènes se situent surtout au niveau du manque de formation de beaucoup de journalistes maliens et son corollaire d’ignorance des règles fondamentales de la profession d’une part, et la pauvreté accouplée d’une corruption facile des promoteurs, d’autre part. L’absence ou l’insuffisance de formation des journalistes de la presse privée écrite et audiovisuelle, est réelle. Cela s’...

The media in Uganda has grown over the last three decades mainly because of liberalization of the sector which permitted individual ownership. This pattern implies an increase in the number of electronic and print media houses that widely recruited personnel to run these entities. Currently there are over 240 licensed radio stations in Uganda, although this figure is higher if the other 40 unlicensed are taken into account. Televisions currently operating number over twenty and newspapers stand at thirty. The context appears pluralistic given the statistics but this does not mean there are...

Le présent projet intitulé Projet d’appui à la Voix des Femmes (Etincelle FM – Blitta) au Togo est une initiative de la direction de la Radio Etincelle et vise à renforcer les capacités institutionnelles, techniques et éditoriales de la Radio, et à surtout à renforcer son audience et son impact, en la rendant encore plus proche des populations rurales (à majorité féminine).

L’actuel projet, une initiative de la direction de Radio Etincelle, vise à promouvoir la forte contribution des médias à la construction de la démocratie et du développement à travers le pluralisme des opinions...

A lot of expansion and some progress has been realized in the media landscape, not only in Kenya but in the entire Eastern Africa region in recent years, including the rapid increase in media training institutions, both at the University and tertiary level. Reservations nonetheless continue to be expressed regarding the quality and depth of media content in broadcast and print production, based on the growing sophistication and high levels of expectations from a more educated and democratically aware citizenry.

Following discussions among East African Potential Centres of...

Véritables outils et moyens d’action au service des objectifs poursuivis par l’Etat ou par d’autres entités politiques, les medias sont aux centres d’enjeux politiques, idéologiques tribaux ou religieux. Au Rwanda en 1994, les medias ont joués un rôle néfaste dans le génocide. Apres 1994 la presse rwandaise à l’instar des autres institutions, elle se reconstruit au niveau matériel et humain. Aujourd’hui le Rwanda ne totalise que une seule station de télévision d’Etat, une vingtaine de stations de radio ainsi qu'une trentaine de titres de journaux dont deux quotidiens pour une population de...

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