IPDC project priority: Promoting Freedom of Expression and Media Pluralism

In the last 20 years, Viet Nam’s media landscape has expanded rapidly in terms of platforms, publications, journalists and audience. As at February 2013, the media landscape comprised a national news agency, a national television broadcaster (VTV), digital and cable television broadcasters (VTC and VCTV), a national and international radio broadcaster (VOV), 64 provincial and municipal radio and TV stations, 812 print media house with more than 1,084 publications, 74 online newspapers, 336 social networks and thousands of portals of associations, unions and enterprises. The media has...

Since gaining independence in the 1990s, Tanzania’s media sector has grown rapidly and it is now one of the most developed in the region. However, women are largely absent as media owners. Private media houses, which comprise the bulk of media houses in Tanzania, are owned almost exclusively by men. The proposed project therefore seeks to help Tanzania reach its commitment to gender equality in and through media. The UNESCO Gender Sensitive Indicators for Media would be used to assess the level of gender mainstreaming in 14 community radios in Tanzania. The findings would then be used to...

Along with more and more attention paid to the development of media and culture in China, the landscape for the dissemination of information and the promotion of freedom of expression has been changed by technological innovation, legal protection and political encouragement. Although China’s media environment has grown explosively over the past few years, the legal framework under which the media operates remains underdeveloped. It is therefore essential to pay more attention on the development of Chinese legal framework for media and freedom of expression.
 
The Price Media...

Mongolia is a country with a wide diversity of media outlets (more than 400) with the domination of private commercially-run media. The term community media is not widely accepted by the society and it is often associated with public service media. Community media as internationally accepted is not recognized by law in Mongolia, and no spectrum is reserved for the community broadcasters. 
 
Therefore, in Mongolia community radio is still at pioneering stage. Precursors to community radio were some local radios registered last decade with NGOs (such as Visually Impaired People’s...

Journalists in Malawi face considerable risks to their safety as they conduct their professional duties. Restrictive media laws are in place and some journalists are not aware of the full implication of these laws, which exposes them to even greater danger. For example, during the protests on 20 July 2011 about issues of human rights and poor governance, police ordered a crackdown on journalists attempting to cover the event and reportedly beat, arrested and harassed some of them. The state broadcasting regulator also directed three independent radio stations to stop coverage of the...

The advancement and ease of access to information technology has accelerated the already pervasive influence of media to the extent that the media has become a major factor in shaping people's ideas, values, concepts and behavior. In a country like Nepal, which is so diverse in terms of gender, caste, religion, ethnicity and language, Media can be a powerful tool to enable Women, Dalits, and other marginalized and excluded communities to be heard by mainstream society.
 
In a plural society, every section of society should have the right to express their opinion and it is the...

Zambia’s growing community media sector, which boasts 60 radio stations and 6 print entities, is regarded as an important tool for community and grassroots development. These media outlets are responsive to their audiences and have established themselves as frontline sources of information and platforms of communication for the communities in their coverage areas.
 
However, community media journalists are increasingly subject to incidents of intimidation and harassment and there have also been arrests and domestic censorship of some online newspapers. Most of these journalists...

The advancement and ease of access to information technology has accelerated the already pervasive influence of media to the extent that the media has become a major factor in shaping people's ideas, values, concepts and behavior. In a country like Nepal, which is so diverse in terms of gender, caste, religion, ethnicity and language, Media can be a powerful tool to enable Women, Dalits, and other marginalized and excluded communities to be heard by mainstream society.
 
In a plural society, every section of society should have the right to express their opinion and it is the...

The Ethiopian media is a very recent phenomenon, mainly consisting of state-controlled radio and television. Addis Ababa City Administration Community Media (FM 96.3) is one of the few community radio stations in the country. It serves 1.5 million people across a 105 km radius, providing 18 hours of daily transmission in Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia. However, its journalists lack professional skills.
 
The proposed project aims to address this gap by training volunteer journalists, reporters, editors and technicians at FM 96.3 to be able to produce high quality...

In 2008, the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh passed the RTI Ordinance. The subsequent ratification of the Ordinance resulted in the adoption of the RTI Act 2009 by Bangaldesh’s present Government. One of the most important and potentially far-reaching legislations enacted by the Parliament of Bangladesh, the Act was a major step towards enabling access to information and promoting freedom of expression, press freedom, good governance and transparency. The campaign for the right to information (RTI) in the country has been a long and ongoing one, waged by journalists, development workers...

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