IPDC project priority: Promoting Freedom of Expression and Media Pluralism

Swaziland remains the only absolute monarchy in Africa and this by and large defines the media landscape in the country. The print media industry is dominated by two players – Times of Swaziland Group of Newspapers and Observer Group of Newspapers. The former, which is private, publishes three Englishlanguage newspapers: the daily Times of Swaziland and the weekly Swazi News and Times of Swaziland Sunday. Owned by the royal conglomerate Tibiyo Taka Ngwane, the latter publishes three English-language newspapers: the daily Swazi Observer and weekly Observer Saturday and Observer Sunday. The...

Angola's socio-economic and political landscape is still recovering from the civil war which plagued the country for 27 years, immediately following its independence in 1975. After the end of the civil war in 2002 and the signing of the peace agreement, the country undertook a series of construction and re-housing programmes for the millions of people who had been displaced during the war. As such, despite a few pockets of resistance, the Angolan media operate in a country that is still undergoing reconstruction. To promote the development of a culture of peace through the disseminating of...

Media plays a very important role in our daily life. Media helps form our social values. Partnering with private sector organizations including the media, UN Women has been promoting the use of media, especially social media, as a powerful tool to advocate for elimination of violence against women and promote gender equality. The media – the twelfth critical area of concern in the Beijing Platform for Action – is one of the most important yet challenging areas of work for advancing gender equality particularly in the media. As legislated discrimination against women falls away in most...

With the recurring conflicts in the sub-region, and the politico-military upheavals in CAR in particular, forms of violence against women have increased in number and gravity. And yet most women experience scenes of violence within their own homes. Such violence makes women and young girls vulnerable and suppresses any desire or capacity to seek emancipation and financial independence. This project proposes to raise public awareness of violence against women by reinforcing the investigation methods of female journalists.

The comprehensive and all-inclusive agreement signed in Pretoria, South Africa in 2002 within the framework of the Inter-Congolese Dialogue brought an end to the long period of conflict which had been ongoing in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 1996. It marked the beginning of a process of political transition and the pacification of the country, both of which are issues on with the Congolese media are not neutral. While it is true that the country now enjoys media pluralism, instances of abuse are frequent due to the lack of neutrality and objectivity in the media. Hence the need to...

The Middle East is home to one of the fastest growing Internet populations in the world, and Jordan stands out in particular, with roughly 56% of its six million population now online, compared to only 11% in 2000. Moreover, a rising mobile penetration rate over 100% (with smartphone users representing over 50% of the market), an environment of substantial digital access amongst the Jordanian population emerges. With this accessibility in mind, the Internet has become a prominent space for average citizens (predominantly youth) to access news, engage in discussions, blog, publish content...

Traditional media as well as citizen journalism have played an important role in setting the stage for change in the country. In the upcoming period and in the context of transition toward democracy, Egyptian media has a higher responsibility to raise awareness on political, social and cultural issues in Egyptian society such as the recognition of an individual’s right to freedom of expression. The wide notion of journalism has been reconsidered in Egypt and in the Arab world, with the massive use of non-professional footage by traditional channels such as Al Jazeera and the fast...

At a time when Algerian universities are training thousands of students in Information and Communication Sciences, the media sector has flourished in terms of job opportunities. However, print-media companies, both private and public, have been reluctant in opening their doors to university graduates. Graduates from universities' Information Sciences departments are rarely hired by the many French-language newspapers, which are increasing turning to graduates with diplomas in natural sciences and foreign languages. It is for this reason that the Ecole nationale supérieure de journalisme et...

The Ecole Nationale d’Administration was established in 1966 to train senior-level Mauritanian government officials, and in this capacity it was entrusted with the task of setting up Journalism Institute. Since 2011, the Institute has been offering a programme of initial training in journalism, as well as a programme of ongoing training aimed at practising journalists. Since then, it has been operating under the name, Ecole nationale d’administration, du journalisme et de la magistrature (ENAJM) (National School of Administration, Journalism and Magistracy). This project provides for a...

Since the birth of the social movement on 20 February 2011, which took to the streets of Morocco to demand policy reforms leading towards a genuine democratic regime respectful of human rights, numerous protesters have been attacked by law enforcement officials. Likewise, a large number of media professionals, both Moroccan and foreign, have suffered and continue to suffer from the violent reactions of a regime which has never ceased to practise a policy of control on information. These reactions range from physical aggression to the withdrawal of journalists' press cards, as well as...

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