IPDC project priority: Promoting Freedom of Expression and Media Pluralism

Organized crime and corruption are the principal sources of direct violence that have brought about the killing of more than a hundred journalists in the past decade, mainly in Mexico and Honduras, the forced exile of hundreds of journalists; and the shutdown of dozens of media outlets. News media self-censorship has become institutionalized as "common practice." Recklessness and negligence in news coverage is due to the lack of training in basic investigative techniques, inadequate compensation for journalists by their employers; and absence of solidarity and camaraderie among journalists...

Avec la crise actuelle que traverse le Mali, plusieurs journalistes ont déjà été victimes de coups et blessures, très souvent par manque de professionnalisme dans les écrits et autres publications. Les causes endogènes se situent surtout au niveau du manque de formation de beaucoup de journalistes maliens et son corollaire d’ignorance des règles fondamentales de la profession d’une part, et la pauvreté accouplée d’une corruption facile des promoteurs, d’autre part. L’absence ou l’insuffisance de formation des journalistes de la presse privée écrite et audiovisuelle, est réelle. Cela s’...

Depuis les élections de 2010, les relations entre la presse privée et le pouvoir se sont détériorées. Les responsables de l’Union Burundaise des Journalistes (UBJ) et les journalistes des principales radios indépendantes font régulièrement objet de menaces. Ils sont régulièrement intimidés, bastonnés, convoqués intempestivement devant les tribunaux, principalement aux tribunaux de grande instance de Bujumbura, de Ngozi et Bubanza pour la simple raison d’avoir dénoncé certains abus des pouvoirs publics ou d’avoir donné la parole à un opposant. Des pratiques qui rappellent la période du...

Depuis 1990, le Tchad est engagé dans un processus de démocratisation de sa vie publique. Ce processus se poursuit actuellement non sans soubresauts, à la lumière des différents événements politiques, économiques et sociaux qui ponctuent le rythme de cette évolution. Les médias, malgré leur situation précaire se trouvent parmi les acteurs identifiés comme devant jouer un rôle primordial dans développement intégral et durable du pays. Toutefois, les questions relatives au développement, telles que les changements climatiques, ne reçoivent généralement pas de la part des médias toute l’...

Despite the lack of federal government in Somalia for the past 20 years, there is a vibrant media landscape throughout the country. Security and lack of infrastructure has made it nearly impossible to gauge the exact number of broadcasters, radio stations, newspapers and websites that operate within Somalia and beyond its borders to diaspora populations, but estimates put numbers of media outlets in Mogadishu at 12 radio stations, 15 newspapers, several television stations and many individually-owned online news blogs. In spite of the encouraging figures, however, many media outlets are...

In South Sudan the impact of long years of conflict and war are still very evident in almost all aspects of society, and enormous efforts are currently underway to ensure peace and security, reconstruction and development. However, development processes will be difficult without the establishment of a free media in order to create an atmosphere of peaceful co-existence and to institutionalize a culture of democracy in the country. There has been limited investment in the development of the media sector in the country, and recent assessments show how the lack of access to objective...

The media in Uganda has grown over the last three decades mainly because of liberalization of the sector which permitted individual ownership. This pattern implies an increase in the number of electronic and print media houses that widely recruited personnel to run these entities. Currently there are over 240 licensed radio stations in Uganda, although this figure is higher if the other 40 unlicensed are taken into account. Televisions currently operating number over twenty and newspapers stand at thirty. The context appears pluralistic given the statistics but this does not mean there are...

Right of access to information is considered as one of the most essential Constituents of freedom of press and media. As per the studies and annual reports issued by the Press Syndicate and the Civil Society Institutions, right of access to information is inaccessible to journalists and media professionals in Jordan. The Jordanian Constitution does not provide citizens the right of access to information, in addition to the fact that the law which guarantees the right of access to information is a restricted law which leads to making the confidentiality of information and documents is the...

Liberia experienced a civil war which spanned fourteen years. Peace was brokered in 2003 and in 2005 an elected Government was installed. Since then a proliferation of print and electronic media institutions have developed in the capital Monrovia and other parts of the Country. Currently, there are more than thirty FM radio stations in Monrovia and about forty community radio stations strewn all over Liberia. There are five television stations and over twenty-five newspapers. The national broadcaster, Liberia Broadcasting System, which transmitted radio and television programs nationally...

The conclusion many researchers have drawn is that (for the most part) the media relegate women to marginality, silence or absence. It has been revealed to several field studies and media conferences that there are certain obvious obstacles to women's access to various communication and information sources, particularly in Upper Egypt. These include poverty, illiteracy, low levels of education and lack of time. National and local conferences about mass-media confirmed that journalists in Upper Egypt, and especially women, are in dire need for consistent systems of scientific knowledge...

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