IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

Somalia's plight is reflected in its media: undeveloped, fragmented and often partisan, poorly resourced, professionally and technically inadequate and operating in an atmosphere hostile to free expression and often dangerous. In spite of this, diverse and more professional media outlets have emerged in recent years, in particular FM radio stations with no explicit factional links. The TV and press sectors are weak and radio is the dominant medium. Radio Galkayo depends on its dedicated volunteer staff with very limited financial and capacity-building support. The lack of staff training on...

Nowadays there is no exact information about the quantity of local television stations broadcasting in the country, neither renting small air-time spaces to the biggest companies nor remaining in local companies. This situation also means an insufficient effort for local production and a big opportunity for foreign programming. National broadcasting of knowledge about Nicaragua and Nicaraguans, their culture, customs, facts, places, etc., through television is practically inexistent and this both facts together implies a transculturization of the audience and of course a lack of cultural...

Radio XHFCE 105.5 FM La Voz de los Campesinos, former Radio Huayacocotla, is one of the few community radio broadcasts with legal permission that has survived the political and social struggle. Radio has been a communication link among the communities in this region, their cultural manifestation and their day-to-day life, their social issues as well as their projects and achievements. Communications in these areas are relatively restrained. This makes radio transmissions crucial for communication in the region. However, the radio for these communities represents more than a service for...

The lack of adequate means of communication and information is an acute problem in the DRC in general, and particularly in the South Kivi province, whose population is forecasted at 4,101,249 inhabitants by 2010. Despite the presence of 2 public radio stations, 6 commercial stations, 2 newspapers, and the 5 foreign radio stations which broadcast in this area, information is only received by a tiny proportion of th epopulation, because practically all these broadcasters are based in Bukavu and only provide coverage for the town and privileged areas on its periphery. The media environment...

In Costa Rica, medias are well developed, but they do not always coincide with the democratic spirit of the country. It counts with almost 110 radio stations that broadcast their programmes, but they are still generally concentrated in the central part of the country, although the community radios make the exception. There is a large variety of weekly reviews and publications, but their news coverage remains limited, and sometimes with very low quality. The new media tools, based on the Internet, begin to get certain relevance, although it is still below the level reached by more developed...

Samfya is about 700 kilometres from Lusaka the capital city of the country which is also the country's media. hub. The national radio signal barely reaches this area and the country's newspapers comprising of a few dailies and rare weeklies, all based in Lusaka, reach this area with stale information and often of less relevance to the people of this district who eke a living as subsistence farmers and fishermen. Poverty is rife in this district so are problems of the communities' livelihoods. Realising this, communities have united to find common solutions to their very precarious...

As for the level of media development in the country we can say that Zanzibar particularly Pemba island the place we operate is not doing well. Although the law permits the existence of media pluralism but practically still the media area is dominated by government media. These media most of the time is a mouth piece of government and the voice of ordinary people is rarely got chance to be aired. In addition to that few private FM stations that have been established recently cover very small area and many people remain unserved. Worse enough media professionals in both private and...

In terms of broadcasting, all stations in Sarawak are either under the Information Ministry or commercial broadcasters, leaving no room for community media. Strong laws such as the Printing Presses and Publications Act and the Official Secrets Act prevent the media from being independent and plural. Communities that lack resources or political connections cannot have their own newspaper or radio station. As a result, there are no community media in any format that exist to support indigenous communities and individuals. Newspapers in Sarawak seldom report on controversies concerning...

Although deliberate attempts have been made to cater to the needs of female listeners, these have not been able to meet the required expectations and standards, because of their limited coverage in radius and area. As national issues of priority emerge, they often tend to override the specific geo-political concerns of individual communities. This community multi-media project is designed to offer an avenue to rural communities to specifically discuss and address issues of concern to them. It would also empower the women and youth by providing an effective communication channel at their...

Media houses in the region basically focus on the bottom line, profit maximisation. Development issues such as climate change generally do not receive the amount of air coverage they deserve. This is partially due to the high cost of air time but more importantly the high cost of producing televisions programmes in the region. Additionally there is scarcity of journalists trained to report on environmental issues, particularly climate change. Most television content on the environment broadcast in the Caribbean is extra-regional in origin. The material tends to be educational, informative...

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