IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

There are hundreds of CLCs around Nepal, but only a handful of operative and self-sufficient CMCs. A proper network among these centres, starting from fewer districts, could become a fundamental awareness and information channel for communities. Although the quality and diversity of media are increasing in more populated areas, this is not true in remote areas. There, the often illiterate population has to receive information largely from local radio, and not enough quality information is available. CMCs practitioners have not received professional training, some are not well informed...

The community radio sector in West, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa suffers from sustainability and capacity shortcomings to actually implement the community radio mission of public service to provide communities with self-help for social, economic and cultural development. Furthermore, national community radio networks organised with the goal of strengthening the organisational development of their members have so far been effective only in a few countries: Ghana, Mali and South Africa. While some national networks have been highly successful in mobilising the community radio...

The Chama district is far away (more than 330 km) from Lusaka, Zambia's capital city where the media industries and institutions are located. The national radio signal barely reaches this province and newspapers: monthlies, weeklies and dailies are a rarity. Most of the citizens of this area end up listening to Malawian radio, even reading newspapers from the same country, which is not ideal for the building of a national identity. The illiteracy rate is very high because of the long distances to schools and the natural barriers like hills and rivers, which lead pupils to drop out of...

In Malawi, severe floods occur regularly in six river basin systems. The highest flood frequency has been recorded in the Lower Shire Valley, covering Nsanje and Chikwawa Districts. For the communities living in these areas, better information could considerably lessen human suffering: improved meteorological services giving accurate and timely information about the weather patterns can alert the population to be better prepared for the coming of rains, and hence enable them to move to higher grounds with their livestock to carry educational and medical equipment to safer areas. The...

Lake Bosomtwi cannot be protected or conserved without a cross-cutting and integrated measure. In the past, the communities were small so the traditional chiefs met occasionally in Kumasi and used certain customs and taboos that they all adhered to. Currently, the communities are larger and diverse and beyond the scope of a simple village control. A community radio will allow the communities to interact and learn from each other and introduce community measures for the conservation and protection of the Lake. Furthermore, the communities in the Bosomtwi districts of the Ashanti Region have...

No local television station, including OTV, provides daily or weekly newscasts. Other than TV, there are no opportunities available for television journalists. Nearly every household, in even the most remote areas of Palau, has a television and receives OTV through the National Cable system. OTV is Palau's only television station that operates with public/private cooperation and provides both commercial programming and public access. OTV is the most watched channel in the nation and has absolutely no political affiliation. Capacity building of community news media will allow OTV to train...

The proliferation of media is not uniformly accessible throughout the country. In fact, the audiovisual space is marked by a decrease in coverage from the South towards the North. The Zanzan region in the north-east of the country is affected by that access disparity. To remedy the lack of infrastructure, Radio Boutourou was set up under the UNESCO-MAB project. The project falls within the framework of building the management capacities of the Comoé Biosphere Reserve by facilitating communication between management and the population. Since the inauguration of the station in May 2007,...

Media houses in the region basically focus on the bottom line, profit maximisation. Development issues such as climate change generally do not receive the amount of air coverage they deserve. This is partially due to the high cost of air time but more importantly the high cost of producing televisions programmes in the region. Additionally there is scarcity of journalists trained to report on environmental issues, particularly climate change. Most television content on the environment broadcast in the Caribbean is extra-regional in origin. The material tends to be educational, informative...

In El Salvador, after the civil war and the Peace Accords (1992), there has been a new era for democracy and the implementation of new media outlets. However, some of these media projects, over time, have disappeared and others still face critical financial challenges for sustainability. Today, there are about 200 radio stations in the AM and FM bands -20 of these stations are self-defined as community radio, 4 major daily newspapers, about 16 television stations in VHF and UHF, and at least 3 online weekly newspapers. Nevertheless, there are some concerns about the level of media...

In Costa Rica, medias are well developed, but they do not always coincide with the democratic spirit of the country. It counts with almost 110 radio stations that broadcast their programmes, but they are still generally concentrated in the central part of the country, although the community radios make the exception. There is a large variety of weekly reviews and publications, but their news coverage remains limited, and sometimes with very low quality. The new media tools, based on the Internet, begin to get certain relevance, although it is still below the level reached by more developed...

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