IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

There are hundreds of CLCs around Nepal, but only a handful of operative and self-sufficient CMCs. A proper network among these centres, starting from fewer districts, could become a fundamental awareness and information channel for communities. Although the quality and diversity of media are increasing in more populated areas, this is not true in remote areas. There, the often illiterate population has to receive information largely from local radio, and not enough quality information is available. CMCs practitioners have not received professional training, some are not well informed...

The project aims at establishing and operate a sustainable and comprehensive Community Multimedia Centre (CMC) serving the pastoral community in 14 villages in Ngorongoro district, where 70,000 people live, forming a media platform meeting local development needs. The aim is to increase the diversity of media in the country, and ensure access to information to the community and from the community to the Tanzanian leaders. This proposal seeks support to acquire equipment and provide initial training to the personnel who will operate the station. The Ngorongoro district is highly remote and...

Community media stakeholders in Tanzania find it necessary for community media to have its own network of discussion platforms. They came up with COMNETA, a very young virtual network, which is still undergoing registration and lacks organizational capacity. Organizing a capacity-building project for the Community Media Network of Tanzania (COMNETA) is crucial since it is the only place where community media will come together, identify themselves, create dialogue with the government and other stakeholders. It is the point where support will be guaranteed to all members who may not be able...

Nowadays there is no exact information about the quantity of local television stations broadcasting in the country, neither renting small air-time spaces to the biggest companies nor remaining in local companies. This situation also means an insufficient effort for local production and a big opportunity for foreign programming. National broadcasting of knowledge about Nicaragua and Nicaraguans, their culture, customs, facts, places, etc., through television is practically inexistent and this both facts together implies a transculturization of the audience and of course a lack of cultural...

In El Salvador, after the civil war and the Peace Accords (1992), there has been a new era for democracy and the implementation of new media outlets. However, some of these media projects, over time, have disappeared and others still face critical financial challenges for sustainability. Today, there are about 200 radio stations in the AM and FM bands -20 of these stations are self-defined as community radio, 4 major daily newspapers, about 16 television stations in VHF and UHF, and at least 3 online weekly newspapers. Nevertheless, there are some concerns about the level of media...

In Costa Rica, medias are well developed, but they do not always coincide with the democratic spirit of the country. It counts with almost 110 radio stations that broadcast their programmes, but they are still generally concentrated in the central part of the country, although the community radios make the exception. There is a large variety of weekly reviews and publications, but their news coverage remains limited, and sometimes with very low quality. The new media tools, based on the Internet, begin to get certain relevance, although it is still below the level reached by more developed...

Lake Bosomtwi cannot be protected or conserved without a cross-cutting and integrated measure. In the past, the communities were small so the traditional chiefs met occasionally in Kumasi and used certain customs and taboos that they all adhered to. Currently, the communities are larger and diverse and beyond the scope of a simple village control. A community radio will allow the communities to interact and learn from each other and introduce community measures for the conservation and protection of the Lake. Furthermore, the communities in the Bosomtwi districts of the Ashanti Region have...

In terms of broadcasting, all stations in Sarawak are either under the Information Ministry or commercial broadcasters, leaving no room for community media. Strong laws such as the Printing Presses and Publications Act and the Official Secrets Act prevent the media from being independent and plural. Communities that lack resources or political connections cannot have their own newspaper or radio station. As a result, there are no community media in any format that exist to support indigenous communities and individuals. Newspapers in Sarawak seldom report on controversies concerning...

The proliferation of media is not uniformly accessible throughout the country. In fact, the audiovisual space is marked by a decrease in coverage from the South towards the North. The Zanzan region in the north-east of the country is affected by that access disparity. To remedy the lack of infrastructure, Radio Boutourou was set up under the UNESCO-MAB project. The project falls within the framework of building the management capacities of the Comoé Biosphere Reserve by facilitating communication between management and the population. Since the inauguration of the station in May 2007,...

Delays in the area of communication still persist, particularly in rural zones, some of which are still very isolated. Additionally, the Eastern zone, near the border with the Central African Republic, has attracted thousands of refugees fleeing the troubles in their country. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has set up 72 sites to provide shelter for the refugees. To cope with the situation, the World Food Programme (WFP) has implemented communication and foodsupply policies targeting the refugees at the 72 sites. Agents using motorcycles purchased by...

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