IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

In Malawi, severe floods occur regularly in six river basin systems. The highest flood frequency has been recorded in the Lower Shire Valley, covering Nsanje and Chikwawa Districts. For the communities living in these areas, better information could considerably lessen human suffering: improved meteorological services giving accurate and timely information about the weather patterns can alert the population to be better prepared for the coming of rains, and hence enable them to move to higher grounds with their livestock to carry educational and medical equipment to safer areas. The...

In Namibia rural dwellers in the remote areas do not have a platform to present their voices of concerns in a language they understand to those delegated with the responsibility to govern them. However, only few indigenous language newspapers currently exist in Namibia, such as the Caprivi Vision newspaper, which is published in English and Silozi and mainly distributed in the Caprivi region. The lack of training skills in news reporting, graphic design, marketing management and the lack of equipment such as printing facilities and computers still hinder the publication from improving its...

Media pluralism is a recent phenomenon in Chad, so much so that, as is often the case in countries in which pluralism of expression is embraced against a backdrop of poverty, the professional challenges are multiple. Today, however, the Chadian media can be viewed as a vanguard in pluralism of expression. Nevertheless, Chadian journalists are threatened and arrested in the exercise of their profession, and the media landscape is characterized by a lack of training among journalists, in writing for radio for production techniques, and among first-level maintenance technicians, as well as a...

Nkhata Bay (and Usisya, the location where the radio will be installed), are in a 'shadow area' of the communication and information services. Radio signals from the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation and other radio stations barely reach the district, and the citizens have now resorted to Tanzanian Radio stations, thus adversely affecting a sense of belonging to the Malawi nation. The lack of a relevant medium of communication has meant that the population cannot meaningfully participate in issues relating to the rule of law, human rights, development and decision-making. Rural women and...

A three tiered media structure comprising public, private and community is now in place. However, there are critical issues of concern. First, the guidelines subsume campus radio, community radio and agricultural universities under the same umbrella. This is unrealistic, particularly in the context of management and ownership. Community radio stations in most parts of the world are managed and owned by communities, in contrast to campus and agricultural university radio stations. Other issues of concern are that the guidelines do not permit community radio stations to broadcast news. This...

Mass media in Puntland is not well supported due to lack of facilities and expertise. It is therefore absolutely necessary that a well-equipped university campus radio station be established to not only serve as a community broadcaster, but more importantly provide the much needed training in professional journalism and broadcasting. Through its programming, this radio will address local issues as well as those that affect the surrounding communities, such as internally displaced peoples, educate the population about the negative effects and dangers of piracy, female genital mutilation and...

The first community radio in Senegal was licensed in 1996, and the number of stations has grown since then. Senegalese community radios play a very important role and are strongly rooted in the local communities. They have a strong commitment to provision of information, to raising local awareness of social and economic affairs and to encouraging participation in local life. Some of them have thematic programme campaigns on issues such as HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention of malaria, adult literacy, women's rights, peace in Casamance and care of the environment. The community radios broadcast...

There are hundreds of CLCs around Nepal, but only a handful of operative and self-sufficient CMCs. A proper network among these centres, starting from fewer districts, could become a fundamental awareness and information channel for communities. Although the quality and diversity of media are increasing in more populated areas, this is not true in remote areas. There, the often illiterate population has to receive information largely from local radio, and not enough quality information is available. CMCs practitioners have not received professional training, some are not well informed...

Somalia's plight is reflected in its media: undeveloped, fragmented and often partisan, poorly resourced, professionally and technically inadequate and operating in an atmosphere hostile to free expression and often dangerous. In spite of this, diverse and more professional media outlets have emerged in recent years, in particular FM radio stations with no explicit factional links. The TV and press sectors are weak and radio is the dominant medium. Radio Galkayo depends on its dedicated volunteer staff with very limited financial and capacity-building support. The lack of staff training on...

The lack of adequate means of communication and information is an acute problem in the DRC in general, and particularly in the South Kivi province, whose population is forecasted at 4,101,249 inhabitants by 2010. Despite the presence of 2 public radio stations, 6 commercial stations, 2 newspapers, and the 5 foreign radio stations which broadcast in this area, information is only received by a tiny proportion of th epopulation, because practically all these broadcasters are based in Bukavu and only provide coverage for the town and privileged areas on its periphery. The media environment...

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