IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

Dominated by private operators and international channels, El Salvador's media dedicates most of its air time and press coverage to income-generating programmes and topics, with a severe neglect for issues which are of relevance to local and marginalized communities such as human rights, environmental matters and gender equality. The strengthening of Salvadoran community media is therefore vital in order to promote freedom of expression, democracy and social inclusion. The Izcanal Foundation attempts to respond to these needs by providing community radio and television broadcasts to three...

According to 2010 reports, Cuba produces more than 790 specialized periodical publications on specific topics, with over a quarter existing in digital or electronic form. In spite of the relatively low internet access rate among the Cuban population (14.2% in 2009), these electronic publications are also diffused through external drives and devices such as cell phones and flash drives, therefore providing a vital means of increasing public knowledge on such resources and improving access to the circulating information. The focus of this project is on developing the media of the Jaimanitas...

In recent years, Jordan has witnessed a steady increase in the number of newspapers, private commercial radio and TV stations. However in spite of this liberalization of the media landscape, media content and production at present cater predominantly to the needs of the urban population which is male biased and centralized in the capital of Amman. Local issues receive little coverage and local communities living in rural areas, particularly women, have limited access to media production and are underrepresented. According to the Jordan Media Survey conducted in 2009, radio was found to be...

Nowadays there is no exact information about the quantity of local television stations broadcasting in the country, neither renting small air-time spaces to the biggest companies nor remaining in local companies. This situation also means an insufficient effort for local production and a big opportunity for foreign programming. National broadcasting of knowledge about Nicaragua and Nicaraguans, their culture, customs, facts, places, etc., through television is practically inexistent and this both facts together implies a transculturization of the audience and of course a lack of cultural...

Radio XHFCE 105.5 FM La Voz de los Campesinos, former Radio Huayacocotla, is one of the few community radio broadcasts with legal permission that has survived the political and social struggle. Radio has been a communication link among the communities in this region, their cultural manifestation and their day-to-day life, their social issues as well as their projects and achievements. Communications in these areas are relatively restrained. This makes radio transmissions crucial for communication in the region. However, the radio for these communities represents more than a service for...

The community radio sector in West, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa suffers from sustainability and capacity shortcomings to actually implement the community radio mission of public service to provide communities with self-help for social, economic and cultural development. Furthermore, national community radio networks organised with the goal of strengthening the organisational development of their members have so far been effective only in a few countries: Ghana, Mali and South Africa. While some national networks have been highly successful in mobilising the community radio...

The Chama district is far away (more than 330 km) from Lusaka, Zambia's capital city where the media industries and institutions are located. The national radio signal barely reaches this province and newspapers: monthlies, weeklies and dailies are a rarity. Most of the citizens of this area end up listening to Malawian radio, even reading newspapers from the same country, which is not ideal for the building of a national identity. The illiteracy rate is very high because of the long distances to schools and the natural barriers like hills and rivers, which lead pupils to drop out of...

The Chilean mass media, and particularly radio broadcasting stations, are well developed and perhaps exist in sufficient number to allow community members to have several options to choose from. However, they are almost all of regional or national reach and therefore not very useful for those who live and work in rural areas, because they do not correspond to the local reality and needs. These regional and national radios are mainly used to listen to music in those areas. The borough of Romeral although near to the provincial capital Curicó, consists of 71% rural area. Therefore local...

In Malawi, severe floods occur regularly in six river basin systems. The highest flood frequency has been recorded in the Lower Shire Valley, covering Nsanje and Chikwawa Districts. For the communities living in these areas, better information could considerably lessen human suffering: improved meteorological services giving accurate and timely information about the weather patterns can alert the population to be better prepared for the coming of rains, and hence enable them to move to higher grounds with their livestock to carry educational and medical equipment to safer areas. The...

Thanks to its position and experience, Radio Nacional del Paraguay (RNP) is best suited to train community radio broadcasters on a regular basis. However, RNP's technical equipment is not sufficient to offer quality training courses. For this reason the training purposes require the purchase of additional studio equipment. In its operational planning objectives RNP declared to contribute to the improvement and democratic distribution of information and consequently joined forces with Asociación para la Educación y Comunicación Radiofónica (the association of broadcast education and...

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