IPDC project priority: Community Media Development

In comparison to its population size, Ethiopia is served by a relatively small number of private and state-owned television and radio stations. Although these have played a fundamental role in bridging the information gap, certain communities whose languages are not yet covered by the mainstream media remain impoverished in terms of their ability to access information. Community radio has the possibility to reach out to such groups, but at present the majority of community radio stations in Ethiopia are forced to operate with very limited means due to short supply of equipment and lack of...

The Cape Verdean island of São Vicente possesses the highest unemployment rate in the country (23% compared to a national average of 17%), with the situation being worst among women and youths. Consequently, many of these unemployed inhabitants choose to take up an artistic career, contributing to a rich cultural scene. In recent years a National Arts and Crafts Centre has been established in the city of Mindelo, providing support for the production and sale of items made by local crafts people. The São Vicente Town Hall would like to further enhance its support for local artists by...

The creation of 'Bush Radio' in 1992 marked the beginning of a new era in community media in South Africa, with over 120 licensed community radio stations existing today, providing coverage of a wide range of subjects which are of relevance at a local level. Whilst this increased representation of community issues within the media is undoubtedly a positive trend, there is a continued underrepresentation of female community radio presenters which needs to be addressed. This project will train 12 women volunteers and staff from 12 community radio stations in South Africa in order to equip...

The community radio sector in West, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa suffers from sustainability and capacity shortcomings to actually implement the community radio mission of public service to provide communities with self-help for social, economic and cultural development. Furthermore, national community radio networks organised with the goal of strengthening the organisational development of their members have so far been effective only in a few countries: Ghana, Mali and South Africa. While some national networks have been highly successful in mobilising the community radio...

The Chama district is far away (more than 330 km) from Lusaka, Zambia's capital city where the media industries and institutions are located. The national radio signal barely reaches this province and newspapers: monthlies, weeklies and dailies are a rarity. Most of the citizens of this area end up listening to Malawian radio, even reading newspapers from the same country, which is not ideal for the building of a national identity. The illiteracy rate is very high because of the long distances to schools and the natural barriers like hills and rivers, which lead pupils to drop out of...

Nowadays there is no exact information about the quantity of local television stations broadcasting in the country, neither renting small air-time spaces to the biggest companies nor remaining in local companies. This situation also means an insufficient effort for local production and a big opportunity for foreign programming. National broadcasting of knowledge about Nicaragua and Nicaraguans, their culture, customs, facts, places, etc., through television is practically inexistent and this both facts together implies a transculturization of the audience and of course a lack of cultural...

In Malawi, severe floods occur regularly in six river basin systems. The highest flood frequency has been recorded in the Lower Shire Valley, covering Nsanje and Chikwawa Districts. For the communities living in these areas, better information could considerably lessen human suffering: improved meteorological services giving accurate and timely information about the weather patterns can alert the population to be better prepared for the coming of rains, and hence enable them to move to higher grounds with their livestock to carry educational and medical equipment to safer areas. The...

Radio XHFCE 105.5 FM La Voz de los Campesinos, former Radio Huayacocotla, is one of the few community radio broadcasts with legal permission that has survived the political and social struggle. Radio has been a communication link among the communities in this region, their cultural manifestation and their day-to-day life, their social issues as well as their projects and achievements. Communications in these areas are relatively restrained. This makes radio transmissions crucial for communication in the region. However, the radio for these communities represents more than a service for...

Thanks to its position and experience, Radio Nacional del Paraguay (RNP) is best suited to train community radio broadcasters on a regular basis. However, RNP's technical equipment is not sufficient to offer quality training courses. For this reason the training purposes require the purchase of additional studio equipment. In its operational planning objectives RNP declared to contribute to the improvement and democratic distribution of information and consequently joined forces with Asociación para la Educación y Comunicación Radiofónica (the association of broadcast education and...

The Chilean mass media, and particularly radio broadcasting stations, are well developed and perhaps exist in sufficient number to allow community members to have several options to choose from. However, they are almost all of regional or national reach and therefore not very useful for those who live and work in rural areas, because they do not correspond to the local reality and needs. These regional and national radios are mainly used to listen to music in those areas. The borough of Romeral although near to the provincial capital Curicó, consists of 71% rural area. Therefore local...

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