IPDC Project implementation status: Ongoing

Southeast Asia is represented by a diverse range of countries in terms of politics, economy and culture, and a clear divergence in terms of respect and appreciation for fundamental human rights. The aforementioned diversity is also reflected in the media situation of the individual countries of the region, as found by respected international press freedom monitors. The 2010 press freedom index by Reporters Without Borders placed most of the countries in the region at the bottom quarter of the 178 countries assessed, while Freedom House concluded in its Freedom of the Press 2011 survey that...

Until the late 1980s, the only media outlets in Niger were those operated by the State, i.e. the national radio broadcasting service La Voix du Sahel), the national television service (Télé Sahel), a state-run daily (Le Sahel) and 1 weekly (Sahel-Dimanche). The emergence of a pluralistic media began with the introduction of the democratic process in the early 90s. Today, the country boasts 35 privately owned radio stations, 127 community radios, 3 foreign FM radio stations, 6 privately-owned and 2 publicly-owned television channels. Despite the increase in the number of media outlets, the...

For a long time, the Mauritanian audio-visual sector was dominated by the two state-run media outlets - Radio Mauritanie and Télévision de Mauritanie, but with the July 2010 adoption by the National Assembly of a draft bill on the liberalisation of the audio-visual sector, the media landscape has begun to change. However, despite a rather favourable environment, the Mauritanian media is unable to take full advantage of the available opportunities due to a lack of specialist and quality training for media professionals. Mauritania's first journalism school is still in the design phase, and...

In China, media and gender issues have come to the fore since the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. More reports and programmes on women are now produced, helping to diversify the image of women portrayed in the media. However in spite of these improvements, media representation of women still lags behind China’s development in general. Women remain stereotyped and marginalized in the media. Even in media specifically orientated at women, the representation aspect remains a problem. The Chinese Women’s NGOs Report on Beijing+15 pointed out that “there lacks gender...

The media industry in Tanzania has grown in terms of strength and reach, with the early 1990s seeing the emergence of several newspapers and radio broadcasting stations. The growth of these independent and pluralistic radio stations and newspapers was characterized by an urgent need to move from top-down, statedriven propaganda to message-driven and participatory forms of dialogue and expression. Despite witnessing these dramatic changes in newspaper, television and radio stations in the country, there are very few programmes aired through radio and TV that focus on educating the society...

Local Palestinian journalists have struggled to respond to threats to their personal safety and journalistic integrity. The Palestinian media sphere, which has long since been dominated by partisan control and self-censorship, has become further politically polarized and driven by factions, rather than citizens’ concerns. According to Ma'an’s 2011 survey, 39% of Palestinians felt that local media negatively impacts the Palestinian internal division. At the same time, Palestinian journalists committed to independent, non-partisan coverage feel under siege from all sides, as investigative...

When Mongolia became a free-market democracy in the 1990s the number of media outlets drastically increased and thus so did the need for qualified journalists and media professionals. In the past ten years the number of media outlets, including newspapers, television, radio and magazines, has doubled, and the number of media employees has increased threefold. Mongolian tertiary training institutions have tried to meet this demand for qualified journalists. Currently there are 18 state and private higher educational institutions which offer journalism courses. However, the media managers...

The media in Botswana has over the years been relatively free, owing to adherence to democratic principles and the freedom of expression which is enshrined in its constitution. The thriving economy and democratic credentials of the country ave made the outside world oblivious of recent events that are regressive and are threatening the image of the country as a shining example of democracy. This has led to most donors seeing no need to assist civil society organizations in the country in facing these disturbing developments.
 
The media fraternity is however dominated by state...

In the demanding regional context of the Middle East, popular movements against authoritative regimes have been empowered by media. Within the specific context of Palestine, an urgent need exists for an independent voice represented by a professional media outlet, however at present, Palestinians are faced with the difficult choice of watching partisan local news on TV which is either government affiliated or linked to the Hamas Movement. In both cases, viewers are often faced by advertising slogans, biased viewpoints and attitudes, and party politics. Wattan TV, on the other hand, has...

These include several regional, national and local channels with a constantly growing viewership. The print and electronic media in Pakistan has experienced a remarkable transformation in the last decade and now Pakistan enjoys a vibrant media scene with unprecedented diversity of opinion available in various ethnic languages. The electronic media can play an important role by highlighting local and national issues and performing a critical watchdog role. However, much of the new electronic media in Pakistan is relatively unsophisticated and most content revolves around entertainment....

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