IPDC Project beneficiary type: Radio

With the advent of the 3rd Republic, the National Assembly of Mali can now be considered as the nation's barometer of democracy, on account of the debates conducted within that forum. However, where institutional activities are concerned, and parliamentary affairs in particular, Malian citizens on the whole are under-informed, and express little interest in the acts adopted by their parliamentary representatives. Popular indifference in this respect could constitute a factor of under-development, and a potential source of social crisis. Participation figures suggest a crisis both in terms...

The Chama district is far away (more than 330 km) from Lusaka, Zambia's capital city where the media industries and institutions are located. The national radio signal barely reaches this province and newspapers: monthlies, weeklies and dailies are a rarity. Most of the citizens of this area end up listening to Malawian radio, even reading newspapers from the same country, which is not ideal for the building of a national identity. The illiteracy rate is very high because of the long distances to schools and the natural barriers like hills and rivers, which lead pupils to drop out of...

In Malawi, severe floods occur regularly in six river basin systems. The highest flood frequency has been recorded in the Lower Shire Valley, covering Nsanje and Chikwawa Districts. For the communities living in these areas, better information could considerably lessen human suffering: improved meteorological services giving accurate and timely information about the weather patterns can alert the population to be better prepared for the coming of rains, and hence enable them to move to higher grounds with their livestock to carry educational and medical equipment to safer areas. The...

The absence of a journalism school and training at the University of Nouakchott, is a serious handicap for media development and the actual exercise of freedom of expression in Mauritania. In Mauritania, practising journalists possess little or no qualifications and receive their training on the job, and often go on courses, study trips or scholarships abroad, offered by the UNESCO Office or other international cooperation agencies. Most of the journalists at Radio Mauritanie - the only radio station in the country - were recruited at the end of the 60s and will soon be retiring. As such,...

The first community radio in Senegal was licensed in 1996, and the number of stations has grown since then. Senegalese community radios play a very important role and are strongly rooted in the local communities. They have a strong commitment to provision of information, to raising local awareness of social and economic affairs and to encouraging participation in local life. Some of them have thematic programme campaigns on issues such as HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention of malaria, adult literacy, women's rights, peace in Casamance and care of the environment. The community radios broadcast...

Nkhata Bay (and Usisya, the location where the radio will be installed), are in a 'shadow area' of the communication and information services. Radio signals from the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation and other radio stations barely reach the district, and the citizens have now resorted to Tanzanian Radio stations, thus adversely affecting a sense of belonging to the Malawi nation. The lack of a relevant medium of communication has meant that the population cannot meaningfully participate in issues relating to the rule of law, human rights, development and decision-making. Rural women and...

Radio XHFCE 105.5 FM La Voz de los Campesinos, former Radio Huayacocotla, is one of the few community radio broadcasts with legal permission that has survived the political and social struggle. Radio has been a communication link among the communities in this region, their cultural manifestation and their day-to-day life, their social issues as well as their projects and achievements. Communications in these areas are relatively restrained. This makes radio transmissions crucial for communication in the region. However, the radio for these communities represents more than a service for...

The Chilean mass media, and particularly radio broadcasting stations, are well developed and perhaps exist in sufficient number to allow community members to have several options to choose from. However, they are almost all of regional or national reach and therefore not very useful for those who live and work in rural areas, because they do not correspond to the local reality and needs. These regional and national radios are mainly used to listen to music in those areas. The borough of Romeral although near to the provincial capital Curicó, consists of 71% rural area. Therefore local...

While established and secure, the media industries in Jamaica see little competition from new or different organizations in their markets. In addition, there are very few local and community mediums to address relevant issues not covered by the major outlets. This is especially true in rural areas, such as Spring Village in rural St. Catherine. Jamaica is also currently experiencing an exponential rise in its use of and reliance upon computers and the internet. This trend has correlated with the embracement of several types of digital media that have until recently been associated with...

A three tiered media structure comprising public, private and community is now in place. However, there are critical issues of concern. First, the guidelines subsume campus radio, community radio and agricultural universities under the same umbrella. This is unrealistic, particularly in the context of management and ownership. Community radio stations in most parts of the world are managed and owned by communities, in contrast to campus and agricultural university radio stations. Other issues of concern are that the guidelines do not permit community radio stations to broadcast news. This...

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