Building Peace in the Minds of Men and Women
Updated: 1 hour 4 sec ago
Professor Li, an academic and popular science expert, was one of the founders of the China Science and Technology Museum, which he also directed. He also led the Science Popularization Department in the China Association for Science and Technology, which promoted science in rural areas, factories and mines. He launched the first national study on the spread of scientific knowledge, and was a regular speak on science popularization or science education, for which he was recognized throughout the country.
Created in 1951, the UNESCO Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is awarded every two years. Jointly financed by the Kalinga Foundation and the Government of India, it rewards people who, over the course of their careers, have helped interpret science, research and technology to the public and raise awareness about the international importance of science and technology.
The prize winner is also offered the Kalinga Chair, established by the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology, and is invited to India to meet with scientists and science communication specialists. In this way, the laureate is able to become familiar with Indian culture, research and educational institutions as well as the country’s industry and economy.
The prize includes a $20,000 cheque, the silver Albert Einstein medal, and a certificate, which were presented to professor Li at the award ceremony.
Agnes Bardon, UNESCO Press Service
Tel: +33(0) 1 45 68 17 64
The workshop attendees, including youth delegates, observers, participants and organizers, learned how to write news items, prepare interviews and create vox pops. They also produced a number of audio pieces reflecting their views on gender equality and women’s empowerment in radio in their respective countries. Through radio young people shared their insights into the gender situation in Côte d'Ivoire, Rwanda, Mexico, France, Brazil, Germany, Senegal, Kuwait, Nigeria, Argentina, Ivory Coast and others. Some of them also highlighted challenges and successes in women’s political participation, in particular in accessing decision-making positions.
“The majority of journalists in my country lack proper training on media issues, and I believe it would be a good idea to organize a similar workshop in my country,” said Seleman Yusuph Kitenge, representative of Youth of United Nations Association of Tanzania. “There is a concern about media misleading the public, especially on crucial issues,” he added.
Towards the end of the workshop the participants created jingles demonstrating their support for World Radio Day 2014. Several participants from Africa expressed their commitment to celebrate World Radio Day within their youth organizations.
The theme of the 8th UNESCO Youth Forum was “Youth and Social Inclusion: Civic Engagement, Dialogue and Skills Development”. The Forum discussed youth civic engagement issues as well as the skills and competencies that are relevant and appropriate for young people to become employable or self-employed and to put their innovation, creativity and entrepreneurialism into practice.
“Linking Generations” is a product of the Swedish funded project “Empowering Local Radio with ICTs” and is available online for use by radio stations, young people, policy makers, youth and radio advocates.
For more information on the toolkit, please read see the article: Linking Generations through Radio.
The 6th World Science Forum (WSF) opened on 24 November 2013, at the Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro. Hosted by the Brazilian Academy of Sciences in partnership with UNESCO, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the International Council for Science (ICSU), the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the World Science Forum is held outside Europe for the first time, with Rio de Janeiro hosting the event this year, after it has taken place biannually in Budapest since 2001.
The Forum, which takes place on and around the World Science Days of every second year, was opened by His Excellency Mr. Michel Temer, Vice- President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Director-General Irina Bokova, Mr Jacob Palis, President of the Brazilian Academy of Science, Mr. József Pálinkás, President of the Hungarian Academy of Science, and Mr. Gordon McBean, President-Elect of the International Council for Science (ICSU). His Excellency Mr János Áder, President of Hungary, also delivered a video message to participants during the opening.
The World Science Forum, the main theme of which this year is "Science for Global Sustainable Development ", follows up on the World Conference on Science (Budapest, 1999) and is the sixth in a biennial series of global dialogues towards a better understanding and appreciation of the new roles and challenges of scientific knowledge within today’s global society.
WSF is the only forum of regular discussions between scientists, society and policy-makers about the role of science, and the ethical, environmental, economic, social and cultural consequences of scientific discoveries. Over 500 scientists and decision-makers from the world of politics, as well as representatives of educational and research institutions, non-governmental organizations, youth organizations, the media and the private sector, from more than a hundred countries, attend this unique forum for a much-needed debate between the scientific community and society.
In line with the agenda presented at the 2012 Rio+20 UN Conference on Sustainable Development, scientists, politicians, decision-makers and representatives of civil society will discuss the role and tasks of responsible and ground-breaking science from 24 to 27 November, focusing on issues considered of utmost importance to reach the purpose suggested by the Forum’s main theme -- such as inequalities as barriers for global sustainability, science policy and governance, scientific integrity, science for natural resources, science and engineering education and the fundamental roles of science.
Setting the context in her opening address, Irina Bokova observed:
“This Science Forum occurs at a moment when countries are accelerating towards the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All by 2015, when the international community is shaping a new sustainable development agenda to follow. The new agenda must make the most of development multipliers, cross-cutting accelerators of sustainability, and this is where science comes into the picture, along with science diplomacy”.
“Climate change, loss of biodiversity or water pollution cannot be kept outside national borders”, continued Ms Bokova. “Humanity shares a single destiny – we must act with single determination to craft the future we want for all”
The Director-General emphasized the need for new thinking about science, calling for collaboration and sharing in the creation and distribution of knowledge and innovation.
“We need more integrated science – trans-disciplinary, drawing on the full range of scientific, traditional and indigenous knowledge, including the social and human sciences… We need more connected science – science that is linked to policy-making, that responds to the needs and aspirations of societies”, underlined Ms. Bokova.
She remarked that these ideas guided the creation of the Scientific Advisory Board, just launched a Scientific Advisory Board, that was shaped and will be hosted by UNESCO.
To commemorate World Science Day, the UNESCO Science Prizes are awarded during the World Science Forum.
After the opening ceremony of the Forum, the Director-General, together with H. E. Ms Madiha Ahmed Al Shaibani, Minister of Education of Oman, awarded the UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation for 2013 to be shared equally this year by the State Forests National Forest Holding, Poland and the Endangered Wildlife Trust, South Africa.
The Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation rewards outstanding contributions by individuals or groups of individuals, institutions or organizations in the preservation of the environment, and is funded through a donation from His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al-Said of Oman.
The Director-General also awarded the 2013 UNESCO Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science to Professor Xiangyi Li, from the People’s Republic of China. The Kalinga Prize is UNESCO’s oldest science prize, created in 1951. Today, the Prize is sponsored by the Government of India,
As the venue of the World Science Forum is now expected to alternate between Hungary and a partner country starting from this year, the 2015 World Science Forum will be brought back to Budapest. The announcement was made during the opening ceremony in Rio that the 2017 edition will be hosted by the Kingdom of Jordan.
During the Global Forum on Media and Gender which will be held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 2 to 4 December 2013, the Organization will facilitate discussions and partnership building on the critical need for increased female representation in media content, management, and push for the implementation of policies to reduce the equality gap.
“Too often still, the media reflects and sustains discriminatory attitudes to gender, failing to represent the voices of women or to report on such crucial concerns as gender-based discrimination, including violence against women. The fact remains also that women still have relatively little decision-making power inside media organizations,” noted UNESCO’s Director-General, Irina Bokova.
The Director-General believes this Forum will “give new momentum to global efforts to promote gender equality in and through the media, by strengthening international cooperation through a Global Alliance for Media and Gender”.
She added “the organization and the project aspire to “catalyse deep change for women’s empowerment and gender equality in and through media,” which in turn will also “contribute to shaping an ambitious post-2015 development agenda.”
Click to read full message from the Director-General.
Mr Amr was born in Cairo in 1966. He holds a Ph. D in International Law from the London School of Economics and a Master’s degree in Public and Private Law from Cairo University. A fluent speaker of Arabic, English and French, he is the author of numerous publications on matters of International Law, and led a distinguished academic career as a Professor of Public International Law at Cairo University.
Mr Amr has been closely connected to UNESCO since 2000, representing Egypt on a number of international committees and in negotiations concerning several UNESCO Conventions, notably those concerning Underwater Cultural Heritage, Intangible Cultural Heritage, Doping in Sport and the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.
The Executive Board’s 58 members, elected by the General Conference, meet twice a year. The Executive Board oversees the implementation of the programmes adopted by the General Conference, UNESCO’s supreme governing body, which ended its 37th session at UNESCO on Wednesday 20 November.
In February 2013, UNESCO organized at its Headquarters, in cooperation with ITU, UNCTAD and UNDP, the first high-level, multi-stakeholder WSIS+10 Review Event entitled "Towards Knowledge Societies for Peace and Sustainable Development". The event was attended by 1,450 participants from 130 countries, with a further 800 remote participants.
All regions and stakeholder groups were represented, including intergovernmental and international organizations, governments, private sector businesses, media, the academic, technical and professional communities, and civil society organizations. High-level dialogues and plenary discussions on critical issues took place alongside 83 sessions, workshops and thematic fora covering 11 themes of crucial importance to building inclusive knowledge societies for peace and sustainable development, including on Internet Governance, Freedom of Expression and the Ethical Dimensions of Inclusive Knowledge Societies.
The Final Statement of the Event, Information and Knowledge for All: an expanded vision and a renewed commitment, was developed by the open-ended, multi-stakeholder drafting group with the participation of all stakeholder groups, emphasizing the rich and innovative multistakeholder character of WSIS follow-up arrangements and adopted at the 2013 WSIS+10 Multistakeholder Review Event. Now, the 195 Member States of UNESCO explicitly endorsed the first WSIS+10 Review Event’s Final Statement, which becomes a major institutional input to the Overall WSIS Review process.
You can find the text of the Statement in the Outcome documents, which also include an introduction by UNESCO, ITU, UNDP and UNCTAD and a detailed report.
IASG, composed of all UN Agencies, was created to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and covers a diverse range of activities and initiatives related to disability issues. The IASG meeting is, therefore, intended to sustain a dialogue between different UN bodies working in this area in order to ensure a coordinated and comprehensive strategy to protect the rights of persons with disabilities.
Among the items to be discussed in Paris will be a debate on the implementation of the Outcome Document of the High Level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Realization of the Millennium Development Goals for Persons with Disabilities, which took place during the UN General Assembly meeting on 23 September 2013. The IASG meeting will thus be instrumental to carving out the vital role that disability-inclusive development will play in the post-2015 development agenda.
The first day of debates will consist of a closed internal meeting only to enable technical discussion between UN Agencies. The second day will be an open discussion that will involve non-governmental organizations and disabled people organizations working on issues related to disability. The second day will also include a thematic workshop in the areas of inclusive education; access to information and knowledge; ICT accessibility and disaster preparedness and response; as well as social inclusion and internal disability policies and practices.
UNESCO promotes the rights of persons with disabilities to access information and knowledge using ICTs as their inclusion stands at the heart of UNESCO’s work. The brochure, New Avenues for Empowerment: Access to Information and Knowledge for Persons with Disabilities, provides more information about UNESCO’s work in this area.
The Dictionnaire is the product of years of hard work by a team of over 1600 authors, and contains articles on 12,000 women creators from all over the world and in all spheres of life –including politics, history, science, education, art, music, and theatre.
The Director-General, who contributed the preface to the Dictionnaire, underlined the importance of this work , guided by the spirit and values of UNESCO, and its global priority on gender equality. She welcomed this opportunity to raise the visibility of the creativity of women in society, to see them as actors for positive transformation.
The launch was attended by over 400 guests, including the three Directors of the Dictionnaire, Antoinette Fouque, Beatrice Didier and Mireille Calle-Gruber, who presented the book and its inspirations and origins. Edith Cresson, former Prime Minister of France, and Nicole Ameline, the President of the CEDAW Committee, both expressed their support for this work. Many personalities from the world of art were also present, including Nicole Garcia, Catherine Deneuve, and Sonia Rykiel, all to highlight the importance of the Dictionnaire.
The National Media Conference for validating the draft MDI-based assessment was co-organized by the Associations of Mongolian Journalists, the Globe International Centre (GIC), the Press Institute and the Communications Regulatory Commission, with support from the UNESCO Office in Beijing and the Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO, the embassies of Canada and USA in Ulaanbaatar, and the Mongolian chapter of Transparency International.
During the opening, the President of the Associations of Mongolian Journalists, Badam Galaarid, invited the media community to see this exercise as an opportunity to work for the common good of improving media professionalism and independence. On behalf of the UN Country Team, the Deputy Resident Coordinator, SoeNyunt-U, reminded participants that “free, independent and pluralistic media empower citizens with information that enables them to make informed choices and actively participate in democratic processes.” He underscored that “as the United Nations, we believe that to be successful, any national development strategy should therefore include a media development component.”
The first session of the Conference included a presentation on the methodology for the implementation of the MDIs at country level by Andrea Cairola, Adviser for Communication and Information at the UNESCO Office in Beijing; and an introduction to the draft Media Development Report and its recommendations by the President of GIC, Naranjargal Khashkhuu.
After a plenary activity on the safety of journalists, the participants then split into five working groups to review the draft Report, chapter by chapter, based on the five MDI categories as well as on its 50 main indicators and 194 sub-indicators. The review exercise was supported by international experts such as a representative from the UNESCO’s Communication and Information Sector, a Senior Adviser from the OSCE’s Office of the Representative of Freedom of the Media (Michael Unland), a media law expert from the Canadian Centre for Law and Democracy (Michael Karanicolas) and two US experts from the International Senior Lawyers Project (Daniel Byron and Sigurd Sorenson).
How the media stakeholders could contribute to the ongoing media law reform in Mongolia was among the issues which triggered most discussion during the Conference, together with the campaign to decriminalize defamation, the practice of not declaring “paid-for” articles and hidden advertisement distorting journalistic professional standards. Attention was also drawn to the need for credible media self-regulation mechanisms, as well as for transparency in the allocation of public-funded advertisements. The debate was also lively when stakeholders discussed some recent regulations concerning online content, as well as the perceived need for anti-trust and ownership transparency mechanisms for the media sector.
Representatives from remote areas raised the question of the challenge of sustainability of small and local electronic media posed by the digital broadcasting switch-over, and requested transparency in the allocation of public-sponsored slots on the most popular satellite platform. The manager of a UNESCO-supported community radio (Nurlybek Konsul) broadcasting in a local language in the Bayan-Ugliiaimag Aimag territory in Western Mongolia, in making the argument for a community-media friendly legislative reform, said that in his community the radio station named after a local mountain “Uushingyn Tsuurau” is so appreciated that people provide donations without even being requested to, adding that “if we did not go on air for one day everybody would call and ask what has happened.”
An unprecedented work has been undertaken since 2010. All national universities offering careers in communication sciences have successfully integrated this initiative: University of the Republic (UDELAR), Universidad del Trabajo del Uruguay (UTU), Catholic University of Uruguay (UCU) through its UNESCO Chair, University of Montevideo (UM) and Universidad ORT Uruguay, also joined by the Faculty of Social Sciences (UDELAR) through ObservaTIC.
Coordinated by UNESCO as part of its International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), Uruguayan institutions will locally implement UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators (MDIs), adopted by the IPDC Intergovernmental Council at its 26th session in 2008.
According to this initiative, the Uruguayan academy will adapt the MDIs tool to the Uruguayan scenario and apply the indicators in close cooperation with various actors of the media system of the country.
Research categories to be addressed include: the regulatory system, plurality and diversity of media, equal conditions and transparency of ownership, the media as a platform for democratic discourse, professional training and institutions in support to freedom of expression, and infrastructure capacity.
The project, which execution is planned for 2014 will receive funding from the National Agency for Research and Innovation (ANII), UNESCO and all the universities involved.
This was the case made by Getachew Engida, UNESCO’s Deputy Director-General, during a public lecture jointly hosted by the Sector for Communication and Information, the Permanent Delegation of Germany, the German Commission for UNESCO and Deutsche Welle.
Engida, who was speaking on behalf of the UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova, disclosed that UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) had endorsed a special initiative to forge knowledge-driven media development as a way of using knowledge to “better support free, independent and pluralistic media”.
He said: “In sum, this is about refining UNESCO’s support to media development through the creation of a learning cycle that bolsters results-based management”.
Other speakers during the lecture - held under the title Forging an Agenda for Knowledge-Driven Media Development - included Günter Nooke, Personal Representative of the German Chancellor for Africa at the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Peter Limbourg, newly appointed Director-General of Deutsche Welle, Danny van Heck, General Manager of SAP's Public Services in Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), and Verena Metze-Mangold, Vice-President of the German Commission for UNESCO.
Nooke challenged the participants to explore the potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for the post-2015 development agenda, arguing that ICTs could facilitate the eradication of poverty worldwide, especially in Africa. He recalled how technical innovation had influenced the course of history, noting how the protestant Reformation ideas of the German cleric Martin Luther had been influenced by the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg.
Limbourg highlighted Deutsche Welle’s challenges in the new communications environment, pointing out that the major changes which had taken place globally necessitated a rethink of the DW brand.
He said: “In my new function as Director General I will consequently continue to enhance DW’s multimedia content and its strong journalistic and multilingual profile”.
He added that there was a “strong correlation between media development, education and human rights”, challenging his company and UNESCO to act as “mediators between these spheres”.
“It is therefore vital”, he stressed, “that we join forces and emphasize the important role of journalistic education and a free press in order to foster democracy, development and citizen participation”.
For his part, van Heck argued for the role of ICTs in leveraging new media to develop the knowledge economies of the future. He noted that new media were a key component in delivering “effective education and training to future generations”.
Verena Metze-Mangold, who spoke last, examined the issue of media convergence and its implications for development. She argued that media convergence offered an opportunity for “scattered spheres” to emerge – all of which were critical to promoting political pluralism and democracy.
The lecture was attended by some 60 participants, including representatives of the UNESCO Permanent Delegations of Canada, Brazil, Gabon, Lithuania and Zambia.
It was chaired by Janis Karklins, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information.
The training, provided by MDI coordinator Saorla McCabe, was attended by the seven members of the research team from the University of the Netherlands Antilles (UNA) and the Secretary-General of the Curaçao National Commission for UNESCO, Marva Browne. The Review Team and the Advisory Committee, composed of a variety of stakeholders representing the media sector, were also involved in the training, and will provide guidance and feedback to the research team throughout the implementation of the study.
The assessment in Curaçao comes three years after the country gained the status of autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010 (10-10-10). This new status means that Curaçao now enjoys a high degree of autonomy on internal matters, and has its own government and parliament, empowered to enact legislation.
Curaçao’s media landscape is characterized by a great number of media outlets – no less than 29 radio stations, eight newspapers and two television stations for a population of just over 150,000 inhabitants. At the same time, a recent report by Transparency International highlights a number of weaknesses of the media sector including a lack of training among journalists and a strong influence of commercial interests on media content.
The MDI assessment will be carried out in an inclusive and participatory manner, and will look at all aspects of Curaçao’s media landscape – from the legal and regulatory framework, through the diversity and pluralism of the press, to the level of professional skills among media workers. The final report, to be published both in English and in Papiamentu, is expected to lay out concrete recommendations that will help address the gaps identified during the assessment process.
MDI assessments have to date been completed in 12 countries and are ongoing in another 17 countries, across all regions of the world.