Agrégateur de flux

Safety of journalists, human rights and sustainable development on the agenda of a panel discussion in Geneva

News - ven, 23/09/2016 - 18:19
As part of the build-up to commemorating the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (IDEI) on 2 November 2016, a panel discussion took place on 23 September in Geneva, during the 33rd session of the Human Rights Council (HRC). The event provided an opportunity to address linkages between the safety of journalists and the Sustainable Development Goals in the context of SDG 16, Target 10 stipulating “to ensure public access to information and protecting fundamental freedoms”.

UNESCO sponsored survey strengthens media self-regulation mechanism in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

News - ven, 23/09/2016 - 16:34

Since its establishment, CMEM has received more than 120 complaints about potential breaches of the Code of journalistic ethics of the country. The survey reveals that 71% of the respondents know how to file a complaint with the Council. It was noted that though all respondents are aware of the existence of CMEM, extra efforts are needed to raise awareness regarding the role of media self-regulation in strengthening quality journalism in the country. The report also analyses the role of the press council as per regulating online media. A majority of the respondents are of the opinion that specific ethical norms should be the same for online and traditional media.

The results of the assessment were widely publicised throughout the country. Four TV debates have been broadcasted from June to September 2016 on TV24 to present the survey’s outcomes to citizens. The debates convened media experts from CMEM, academia and the civil society. The survey as well as the TV debates highlighted the positive impact of the press council in improving professional and ethical reporting in the country.

CMEM was founded in 2013 with the objective to self-regulate the media and adjudicate citizens' complaints about a breach of the Code of journalistic ethics. CMEM is also engaged in raising public awareness regarding media ethics, media quality and the role of a press council. This first assessment sponsored by UNESCO was key for the Council to identify its weaknesses, to understand the civil society’s expectations and define future communication strategies. 

La Directrice générale de l’UNESCO condamne le meurtre du journaliste Aurelio Cabrera Campos au Mexique

Actualités - ven, 23/09/2016 - 14:55

« Je condamne le meurtre d’Aurelio Cabrera Campos », a déclaré la Directrice générale. J’appelle les autorités à enquêter sur ce crime et à traduire ses auteurs en justice. Les attaques à l’encontre des professionnels des médias ne doivent pas rester impunies.

Aurelio Cabrera Campos était rédacteur en chef de l’hebdomadaire El Gráfico de la Sierra qu’il avait lancé il y a quelques mois. Blessé par balle le 14 septembre il a succombé à ses blessures le lendemain.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

 

 

Global MIL Week: Share your MIL projects, initiatives and voluntary commitments

News - ven, 23/09/2016 - 10:39

As part of the Global MIL Week, UNESCO is inviting all stakeholders to register projects, initiatives and voluntary commitments on the web platform of the Global MIL week.

The information will be posted on the Global MIL week website making it visible and available to all those who are interested and work on Media and Information Literacy. This will allow for synergies to be developed among the stakeholders, projects and initiatives and it will also give more openness about the progress towards MIL for all.

Calling for initiatives on all levels

UNESCO is welcoming projects and initiatives by UN organizations, governments, private sector, international/bilateral donors and foundations, intergovernmental organizations, libraries, museums and archives, media, civil society, and technological mediators, academic institutions and others.

It can be an initiative at community, regional, national or global level, related to MIL education, policy and advocacy, media self-regulation, research, the work of libraries, funding mechanisms, technology and innovation, capacity building. It can target schools, educators, youth, gender issues, financial literacy and economic growth, audiovisual industries and many more.

Global MIL week in November            

The sixth annual global celebration of Media and Information Literacy (MIL) Week will take place from 31 October to 5 November, 2016, under the theme “Media and Information Literacy: New Paradigms for Intercultural Dialogue”. The Global MIL Week 2016 feature event includes the Sixth Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue (MILID) Conference and the First General Assembly of the Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL). The feature event is hosted by the University of São Paulo, Brazil, and will take place from 2 to 5 November, 2016.The Global MIL Week 2016 is led by UNESCO in cooperation with GAPMIL, UNAOC and MILID University Network. You can find more information about Global MIL week here: http://en.unesco.org/global-mil-week-2016

Safety of journalists brought closer to academic community thanks to Helsingin Sanomat Foundation

News - jeu, 22/09/2016 - 15:03

Reeta Pöyhtäri, Research Fellow funded by the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation in the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO headquarters, coordinated UNESCO’s Journalists’ Safety Indicators (JSI), providing her expertise and oversight to their application in three different countries and facilitating academic cooperation on the safety of journalists.

Speaking about the relevance of the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation research fellowship to UNESCO, Pöyhtäri explains: “The funding for the fellowship has been a great support for UNESCO's work on safety of journalists. Concretely it meant that an expert was working on the topic of safety of journalists for two years. This has enabled strengthening the JSI initiative as a part of UNESCO's regular programme. It has also led to the creation of a new line of programmatic work, namely establishing the academic cooperation on safety of journalists’ research.”

UNESCO’s Journalists' Safety Indicators were developed within the context of the UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. JSI serve to identify the actions that are taken by the various relevant stakeholders in promoting journalists’ safety and fighting impunity at the national level. “The support of the Foundation has been invaluable for UNESCO to have the capacity for fully establishing the Journalists’ Safety Indicators,” commented Guy Berger, UNESCO’s Director of the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development.

The Helsingin Sanomat Foundation Research Fellow also helped to bring closer UNESCO’s work on safety of journalists to the academic community by consolidating UNESCO’s research agenda on the safety of journalists.

“The safety of journalists is a complex matter. It has typically been researched and analyzed as a part of some larger phenomenon or specific circumstances. This is of course important, but it is equally important to have the focus on safety itself,” Pöyhtäri said. “The research agenda worked as a source of ideas and inspiration, as it gives researchers ideas on the type of relevant and necessary knowledge” she added.

The issue of safety of journalists was also presented in several international communication conferences. “I must say that academia has been very welcoming and interested in the topic and keen on cooperation. The academic community has also shown their own initiative and has already started creating new forms of cooperation,” Pöyhtäri said.

Recalling some of the most relevant achievements, Pöyhtäri points out the International Journalism Safety Research Network, which was launched by the Centre for Freedom of the Media (CFOM) at the University of Sheffield with support of UNESCO, as well as UNESCO’s first Safety of Journalists Research Conference, which was held during the 2016 World Press Freedom Day celebration in Helsinki, thanks to the support of the UNESCO Chair at the University of Gothenburg.

Pöyhtäri was the first Helsingin Sanomat research fellow at UNESCO. As the Foundation promotes and supports high-level research on freedom of expression, cooperation with UNESCO’s work on safety of journalists contributed to the foundation’s mission. “The Helsingin Sanomat Foundation highly values the work UNESCO is doing on safety of journalists and the issue of impunity,” said Ulla Koski, President of the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation. “We are very pleased that during the past two years the foundation has been able to contribute to this remarkable work.”

Pöyhtäri says she will continue her engagement to raise public knowledge about journalists’ safety: “I will in the near future collaborate on the safety of journalists’ research publication that is based on the 2016 World Press Freedom Day conference. I will give lectures on the topic to future journalists, as well as participate in related academic events. Safety of journalists has now become a part of my research activities, and therefore it is very natural that I will be working to raise public knowledge on the issue as well.”

La Directora General condena el asesinato del periodista mexicano Aurelio Cabrera Campos

Noticias - mer, 21/09/2016 - 17:11

Condeno el asesinato de Aurelio Cabrera Campos”, dijo la Directora General. “Pido a las autoridades que investiguen este crimen y procesen a sus culpables. Los ataques contra profesionales de los medios no deben permanecer impunes”.

Aurelio Cabrera Campos, director del semanario El Gráfico de la Sierra Norte, que había fundado este año, fue baleado el 14 de septiembre y murió un día después como resultado de sus heridas.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

Lancement du Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO/Guillermo Cano 2017

Actualités - mer, 21/09/2016 - 16:57

Créé en 1997 par le Conseil exécutif de l'UNESCO, le Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse est destiné à distinguer une personne, une organisation ou une institution qui a contribué d’une manière notable à la défense et/ou à la promotion de la liberté de la presse où que ce soit dans le monde, surtout si pour cela elle a pris des risques.

Doté d’un montant de 25 000 USD, le prix est décerné tous les ans lors d’une cérémonie officielle à l’occasion de la conférence de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, le 3 mai.

La Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse 2017 aura lieu à Djakarta, Indonésie, le 3 mai 2017.

Le Prix est financé par les Fondations Cano (Colombie) et Helsingin Sanomat (Finlande).

Présentation des candidatures :

Pour proposer des candidats, veuillez envoyer le formulaire dûment rempli en anglais ou en français, avant le 15 février 2017, par courrier normal ou électronique à :

UNESCO
Division de la liberté d’expression, de la démocratie et de la paix
1, rue Miollis
75732 Paris cedex 15
France
Tel: 33.1.45.68.42.12
Fax: 33.1.45.68.55.84
E-mail: s.coudray(at)unesco.org

UNESCO is seeking nominations for UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2017

News - mer, 21/09/2016 - 16:52

This Prize was established by UNESCO’s Executive Board, in 1997, in honour of Guillermo Cano, a Colombian journalist who died in the exercise of his profession. Its purpose is to reward each year a person, organization or institution that has made a notable contribution to the defense and/or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, especially if risks have been involved.

Awarded annually, on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day (3 May), the Prize is marked by a ceremony and the winner is presented with the sum of US$25,000.

World Press Freedom Day 2017 will take place in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 3 May 2017.

The Prize is funded by the Cano Foundation (Colombia) and the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation (Finland).

How to submit your nomination:

Nominations for the Prize should be submitted by filling out the form in English or French and sending it before 15 February 2017 by post or by email to:

UNESCO
Communication and Information Sector
Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development
Section for Freedom of Expression
7 Place de Fontenoy
75007 Paris
France
Tel: 33.1.45.68.42.12
E-mail: s.coudray(at)unesco.org

Achieving the SDGs with broadband and ICTs: Overcoming the gender digital divide, education and investment challenges

News - mer, 21/09/2016 - 16:30

Broadband uses for sustainable development and particularly for gender equality and education were among the key UNESCO topics debated at this 14th Broadband Commission meeting in NY this weekend. The Commission brought leaders from governments, the private sector, civil society and international organizations together, at the eve of the opening of the UN General Assembly. The plenary meeting of the Broadband Commission was opened by welcoming remarks from H.E. President Kagame, Mr Carlos Slim Helú, Dr. David Nabarro, Ms Irina Bokova and Mr Houlin Zhao, who also welcomed five new Commissioners: Mr Jean-Yves Charlier, H.E. Ramin Guluzade, H.E. Anusha Rahman Khan, Ms Catherine Novelli and Mr Rupert Pearce (see here for more information).

Dr. David Nabarro, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary General on the Sustainable Development Agenda, delivered a message on behalf of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, highlighting that: “Thanks to the work of the Broadband Commission, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and many others, Member States agreed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development on the importance of ICTs, broadband and global interconnectedness for bridging the digital divide, developing knowledge societies and accelerating human progress.” Ms Bokova, UNESCO’s Director-General, stressed that “The digital revolution must be a development revolution – revolution for human rights and dignity – a revolution that empowers every woman and man, every society.”

The first plenary session on “Building on Broadband to Leave No One Behind”, analysed the advantages and limitations of broadband and information and communication technologies (ICTs) as a catalyzer for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Commissioners specifically explored broadband and ICTs’ role as regards making education and life-long learning, as well as public healthcare, more available and equitable. UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, Mr Frank La Rue, underlined that education is a Human Right and that: “The importance of information and communication technologies, of broadband and mobile technology lies in the fact that they can accelerate progress on key education challenges: on equity, on inclusion, on access and on quality.” After intensive discussions, UNESCO’s Director-General proposed to re-launch a Working Group on Education, which was welcomed.

On Saturday 17 September, the Commission’s Working Group on Digital Health, on Demand and on the Digital Gender Divide held meetings at the UN Women Headquarters to advance on their respective activities. UNESCO’s Director-General, Ms Bokova, co-chaired the gender working group with the Director-General of GSMA, Mr Granryd. Indeed, the gender gap grew by 1% between 2013 and 2016 and there are, for example, still 202 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone in 2016. The Commission works on a set of recommendations, a related action plan and concrete commitments to overcome the digital gender divide.

In her concluding remarks, UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova stressed the vital importance of the soft ICT components, of policy-, content- and capacity development, stating that “true innovation lies less in access and technology itself, and more in the use put to it by women and men, in the ingenuity they bring to harnessing its power to better their lives.” Only with such a holistic approach can Broadband be fully harnessed for sustainable development.

The working groups will continue to advance until the 15th face-to-face meeting of the Broadband Commission in Shanghai, China in spring 2017.

Director-General condemns murder of journalist Aurelio Cabrera Campos in Mexico

News - mer, 21/09/2016 - 15:00

“I condemn the murder of Aurelio Cabrera Campos,” said the Director-General. “I call on the authorities to investigate this crime and bring its perpetrators to justice. There can be no impunity for those attacking media workers.”

Aurelio Cabrera Campos, editor of the weekly El Gráfico de la Sierra, which he had founded earlier this year, was shot on 14 September and died of his injuries the following day.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

Le lien entre information et développement au cœur des célébrations de la première Journée internationale du droit d’accès à l’information

Actualités - mer, 21/09/2016 - 11:37

Les débats, intitulés Dynamiser les Objectifs de développement durable à travers l’accès à l’information, sont organisés par le Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication (PIDC) en collaboration avec le Programme Information pour tous. Des experts de premier plan venus du monde entier prendront part à ces discussions. Il s’agit de démontrer que l’accès public à l’information et aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) et le renforcement des médias qui favorisent cet accès sont déterminants pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable.

L’un des principaux artisans du développement durable, le Président ghanéen John Dramani Mahama, qui co-préside le groupe consultatif des Nations Unies sur les ODD, prononcera un discours à la clôture de la conférence.

La Directrice générale de l’UNESCO, Irina Bokova, ouvrira les débats au côté d’Albana Shala, Présidente du Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication ; de Lionel Veer, Ambassadeur des Pays-Bas auprès de l’UNESCO et de Neris Germanas, Vice-ministre des Affaires étrangères de Lituanie.

Les délégations permanentes de Lituanie et des Pays-Bas auprès de l’UNESCO ont financé cet événement, avec le soutien de la Commission nationale néerlandaise pour l’UNESCO.

Les délégations permanentes de la Suède et de la Finlande inaugueront une exposition célébrant le 250e anniversaire de la loi sur la liberté de la presse de 1766 dans ce qui est aujourd’hui la Suède et la Finlande.

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Contact médias : Djibril Kébé, Service de presse de l’UNESCO, +33 (0) 1 45 68 17 41, d.kebe(at)unesco.org

 

UNESCO connects information and development to mark first international Day for Universal Access to Information

News - mer, 21/09/2016 - 11:30

The conference and discussions, grouped under the title Powering sustainable development with public access to information, is organized by UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communications (IPDC) in collaboration with the Organization’s Information for All Programme (IFAP). It will feature the participation of leading players and experts from all over the world, who will argue that that public access to information and ICTs, along with strengthening media institutions that help assure access, is key to achieving the SDGs in their totality.

One of the leading advocates for sustainable development, Ghanaian President, John Dramani Mahama, who co-chairs the UN Advocacy Group on SDGs, will deliver a keynote address at the close of the conference.

The Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, will open the “IPDC Talks” alongside Albana Shala, Chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for Development of Communication, and Lionel Veer Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to UNESCO and Neris Germanas Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.

Lithuania’s and the Netherlands’ Permanent Delegations to UNESCO have financed the event, along with the Netherlands’ National Commission for UNESCO.

The Permanent Delegations of Sweden and Finland will launch an exhibition commemorating the 250th anniversary of the Freedom of the Press Act passed in 1766 in what is today Sweden and Finland on the occasion of International Day for the Universal Access to Information.

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Media Accreditation: Djibril Kebe, UNESCO Press Service: d.kebe(at)unesco.org, +33(0)145681741

 

What: Powering sustainable development with public access to information—IPDC Talks to mark the first international Day for Universal Access to Information

Where: Room XII, UNESCO Headquarters, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75012 Paris

When: 26 September, 10am to 6pm

Africa’s judiciary engages on journalism safety issues

News - mar, 20/09/2016 - 10:13
Close to 100 participants came together in Arusha on Saturday for the seminar, “Strengthening judiciary systems and African Courts to protect the safety of journalists and end impunity”, convened by UNESCO and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Rapport 2016 de la Commission sur la large bande : plus de la moitié de la population mondiale n’est pas connectée et la fracture de genre se creuse

Actualités - lun, 19/09/2016 - 14:13

Le rapport retrace les progrès accomplis pour atteindre les objectifs de la Commission sur le large bande. Les progrès sont mitigés. On constate des avancées sensibles pour le premier objectif relatif aux plans nationaux pour le large bande et la politique dans ce domaine, ainsi que pour l’accessibilité économique du haut débit (deuxième objectif). L’objectif 3 sur l’accès à Internet des ménages et l’objectif 4 sur l’accès à Internet dans les pays les moins avancés (PMA) ne seront pas atteints dans les délais prévus. On constate malheureusement une régression en ce qui concerne le cinquième objectif sur l’égalité hommes-femmes en matière d’accès au haut débit. La fracture de genre à l’échelle mondiale a augmenté de 1 % entre 2013 et 2016 et le nombre de femmes possédant un téléphone mobile est encore inférieur de 202 millions à celui des hommes en 2016. 

Pour le rapport de cette année, l’UNESCO a apporté sa contribution avec un chapitre sur les villes du savoir, dans le contexte de Habitat III, la conférence des Nations Unies sur le logement et le développement urbain durable qui se tiendra en octobre 2016 à Quito (Equateur). Ce chapitre étudie les implications des processus d’« intelligence urbaine ». La connexion au haut débit et les TIC ont le potentiel de transformer nos vies urbaines en générant une plus grande efficacité en matière économique, énergétique, de gouvernance et de mobilité dans nos villes.

Comme l’a souligné Frank La Rue, Sous-Directeur général pour la communication et l’information de l’UNESCO : « ‘Les processus d’“intelligence urbaine” peuvent également représenter une étape cruciale dans la construction des villes du savoir en favorisant les processus démocratiques, en utilisant les TIC au service de l’intégration et de la participation démocratique, en offrant une éducation de qualité pour tous, en autonomisant les femmes et les filles, en encourageant la diversité culturelle et la créativité. Le haut débit et les TIC sont des moteurs efficaces, mais nous devons placer les êtres humains au cœur de nos préoccupations. Nous devons tirer parti des technologies pour réaliser les droits de l’homme, notamment la liberté d’expression. »

Le rapport se penche également sur les nouvelles applications très prometteuses des TIC pour le développement, comme les mobiles, les satellites, l’Internet des objets, la connectivité machine-machine et les réseaux de capteurs sans fil. Ces nouvelles utilisations nous rappellent que les nouvelles technologies et le haut débit peuvent jouer un rôle fondamental pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable. Mais cela ne pourra se faire que si les conditions requises pour permettre un accès à Internet universel et abordable sont réunies et si les composantes humaines sont présentes, comme le développement des compétences, le contenu dans les langues locales, les politiques participatives et inclusives, la responsabilité et la transparence institutionnelle. Le rapport propose également des recommandations concrètes pour utiliser le haut débit comme catalyseur du développement durable. 

De manière générale, le rapport est un rappel urgent et un appel à l’action pour que les personnes déconnectées disposent des moyens et des contenus leur permettant d’utiliser Internet pour améliorer leur vie et atteindre le développement durable. Le rapport sera un des documents présentés à la 14ème réunion annuelle de la Commission sur le large bande, qui se tiendra le 18 septembre 2016 à New York (Etats-Unis).

Namibia hosts a debut meeting to mark #AccesstoInfoDay

News - lun, 19/09/2016 - 10:04

Many at the Windhoek event noted that the IDUAI initiative arose out of momentum from the 1991 Windhoek Declaration on Promoting an Independent and Pluralistic African Press. That Declaration had inspired UNESCO to declare World Press Freedom Day more than 25 years ago.

Participants recalled that a follow-up conference in 2011 to mark “Windhoek+20” had called on UNESCO to recognize the new date as a step to help promote worldwide access to information.

Welcoming UNESCO’s responsiveness to that call, speakers underlined the relevance of the Day to the Sustainable Development Agenda. In this context, many also noted Namibia on its own progress towards an Access to Information Act that is in preparation.

Namibia’s deputy Minister of Communications and ICT, HE Stanley Simataa, who is also Chair of the UNESCO General Conference, underlined to the audience that without a right to information, the scope of access was limited.

Points were also made by Pansy Tlakula, Chairperson of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, who is also the African Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression and Access to Information. She saluted the leading role of civil society in advancing access to information and persuading UNESCO Member States to adopt the Day in 2015.

The Commission which she chairs has adopted a Model Law on Access to Information for Africa, which has been a resource for the Namibian process.

Participants at the meeting included the organizers of the event: the Media Institute for Southern Africa, Media Rights Agenda, the Open Democracy Advisory Group, the Africa Freedom of Information Centre, and Media Rights Agenda. It was these groups which developed the African Platform on Access to Information at the Windhoek+20 conference in 1991.

The importance of implementation of right to information laws was highlighted by Gwen Lister of the Namibia Media Trust, as well as civil society leaders Edetaen Ojo, Gilbert Sendugwa and Zoe Titus. Gender aspects were emphasized by journalism educator Emily Brown.

The event last week was supported by FESmedia Africa, which had also backed the historic 2011 conference.

UNESCO supported the commemoration event, with the head of the Windhoek Office, Jean-Pierre Ilboudo observing that access to information could help foster science, research and innovation in a society.

Guy Berger, Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO, highlighted the need for press freedom as well as Media and Information Literacy to be part of the pillars of effective access to information. 

Two further events will be organized in Windhoek on UDUAI itself, the 28 September, including one hosted by UNESCO, and another by Action Access to Information Namibia.

Connecting all to a better future

News - dim, 18/09/2016 - 20:30

The President of Rwanda reminded the Commission of his commitment to advancing broadband roll-out for all citizens, for more inclusive and sustainable development.

Ms. Bokova emphasized investing in access and connectivity along with relevant multilingual content, education and media skills, teacher training, with focus on reaching the unreached -- especially girls and women. "Digital adoption is not enough," said Ms. Bokova, "we need new skills and opportunities for all, to empower all, for the benefit of all."

Carlos Slim highlighted to work of the Foundation, in harnessing new ICTs for individual empowerement.

The Director-General also called for a new focus on Broadband and education, to examine these multipliers across the board. This point was echoed by Executive Director of UN Women, Ms Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, who underlined the importance of ICTs for education, building this into systems and through teacher training.

David Nabarro shared a strong message of commitment from the UN Secretary- General, calling for new participation, new partnerships and new proposals to take forward the new plan in the 2030 Agenda.

Columbia University Professor and Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the Sustainable Development Goals Jeffrey Sachs‎ made the case that investing in universal broadband and content must be strategic for all governments. 

The d‎iscussion followed on the need for the broadest possible approach to broadband roll-out, connecting health, education and effoerts for gender equality -- as well the imperative of bridging divides with least developed countries as well as small island developing states. The need to ‎Simplify regulatory frameworks to make them more linear for connectivity to become universal was noted.

The vital question of reaching the remaining 1.5 billion --and the financing-- was also explored during the meeting, which was held in New York, before the General Debate of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. The experience of public-private partnerships was also explored.

In this respect, Ms Catherine Novelli, US Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy and the Environment, spoke to the goals of the US Global Connect Initiative.

‎The 14th meeting occurred several days after the launch of the 2016 State of Broadband Report, painting anew a picture of world connectivity.

India has overtaken the United States to become the world’s second largest Internet market, with 333 million users, trailing China’s 721 million. The report confirms that just six nations – including China and India – together account for 55% of the total global population still offline, because of the sheer size of their populations.

While Internet access is approaching saturation in richer nations, connectivity is still not advancing fast enough to help bridge development gaps in areas like education and health care for those in poorer parts of the world, according to the 2016 edition of The State of Broadband report.

Globally, an estimated 3.9 billion people are not using the Internet. But the Commission’s new report estimates that, between them, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria account for 55% of all unconnected people, while 20 countries – including the US – account for a full 75% of those not using the Internet. These findings suggest that targeted efforts in just a few key markets could help enormously in redressing the gaping ‘digital divide’ between those who are online and those still offline.

“There is a large body of economic evidence for the role of affordable broadband connectivity as a vital enabler of economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Commission with UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. 

“Broadband technologies can be powerful development multipliers,” Director-General Bokova added, “but this requires combined investments in access and in skills and in education. This is about opening new paths to create and share knowledge. It is about enhancing freedom of expression and about widening learning opportunities, especially for girls and women. This is about developing content that is relevant, local and multilingual.”

Issued annually, The State of Broadband report is a unique global snapshot of broadband network access and affordability, with country-by country data measuring broadband access against key advocacy targets set by the Commission in 2011.

The report confirms that according to latest ITU figures, by end 2016 3.5 billion people will be using the Internet, up from 3.2 billion last year and equating to 47% of the global population. Progress in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries has been encouraging, with the Commission’s target of 15% of the LDC population online expected to be reached by the end of this year.

The Broadband Commission brings together high level officials with leading executives in the private sector, from across the world, to harness the digital revolution as a development revolution, for all women and men.

Bridging the Gender Digital Divide

News - sam, 17/09/2016 - 22:23

She noted that trends were increasingly worrying in this respect. Worldwide, there is a gender gap of 11 percent in male and female access to the Internet. This rises to almost 29 percent in Least Developed Countries. There are some 200 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone, the most prevalent means of access to the Internet in developing countries.

“To overcome these obstacles, we need greater investment in access,” said Ms. Bokova. “But this must be joined with stronger investment in quality education, in digital skills, in media literacy.”

She underlined the importance of such actions, notably to support and advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – specifically the Sustainable Development Goal 5 on promoting gender equality, and Target 9c on advancing universal access to information and communication technologies.

The meeting was co-chaired with Mr. Mats Granryd, Director-General of GSMA, an organization which represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide.

Mr. Granryd said the recommendations for the Broadband Commission need to be complemented by action plans for follow-up.

The meeting was held at the offices of UN Women in New York.

Director-General Bokova is co-vice chair of the Broadband Commission, which she launched in 2010, with co-chairs, H.E. Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, and Mr Carlos Slim, CEO of the Carlos Slim Foundation, along with co-vice chair, Mr Haolin Zhou, Secretary-General of the ITU. The Broadband Commission brings together high level officials with leading executives in the private sector, from across the world, to harness the digital revolution as a development revolution, for all women and men.

This Working Group builds on the earlier work of the Working Group on Broadband and Gender and the 2013 Report – Doubling Digital Opportunities.

 

IFAP dedicated session at the International Congress on Archives in Seoul

News - ven, 16/09/2016 - 15:25

The UN Sustainable Development Goals as defined in Transforming Our World – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, are closely related to the work aiming at providing access to records for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive memory institutions at all levels. Furthermore, UNESCO’s Recommendation concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage, including in Digital Form, which was adopted by the General Conference at its last session, in November 2015, encourages Member States to support their memory institutions in establishing selection, collection and preservation policies, guided by internationally established and defined standards regarding documentary heritage.

During this Quadrennial Congress, records and archives professionals reaffirmed their determination to make a powerful contribution to modern society in the digital age by sharing their professional knowledge to the fullest possible extent, in a true spirit of ‘Harmony and Friendship’ for building inclusive knowledge societies. 

ICA, is working together with UNESCO and the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) on a number of issues towards the shared objectives to preserve, raise awareness and promote access to the documentary treasures of humanity. The Congress provided an opportunity for a joint UNESCO/ICA presentation specifically devoted to the intergovernmental Information for All Programme, given by Dr Boyan Radoykov, Chief of the Universal Access and Preservation Section in UNESCO’s Knowledge Societies Division, and ICA President David Fricker on the key developments and initiatives that demonstrate the collaboration of UNESCO and ICA, in both  policy development and programme delivery capacity. The presentation by the panelists covered the following topics, among others:

  • the modalities of operation and the priority areas of the Information for All Programme, its recent activities and future plans for cooperation with relevant partners in the area of Information Preservation;
  • a brief summary of ICA’s recent achievements, including the Universal Declaration on Archives;
  • the UNESCO Recommendation on the Preservation of and Access to Documentary Heritage including in Digital Form;
  • the UNESCO PERSIST project that aims to provide a facility for archives, libraries and other memory institutions to interact with digital cultural heritage in obsolete or inaccessible formats;
  • the Magnetic Tape Alert Project that warns governments, decision makers and stakeholders of an unprecedented threat: unless copied to safe digital repositories, original audio and video tapes, unique documents of the world’s linguistic and cultural diversity will get definitely lost.

Mr Fricker was emphatic in his commitment to the partnership between ICA and the various UNESCO programmes. In concluding his presentation, he stressed: “ICA needs UNESCO – to provide the international awareness and leadership across member states to recognise the value of documentary heritage.  And UNESCO depends on ICA to assist in the development of products and programmes that support these ideals.”

The former Chair of the IFAP Working Group on Information Preservtion, Mr Dietrich Schüller, also addressed the session. He noted: “Over the past sixty years, substantial audio and video collections have been established that today form the most prominent documents of cultural and linguistic diversity. The present dramatic vanishing of replay equipment in operable condition will inevitably lead to the loss of all those original documents, which have not been secured in digital repositories in time.”

In his presentation, Dr Radoykov outlined the wide range of possibilities for cooperation between ICA and IFAP and the complementarity that can be brought by this intergovernmental programme to the work of the information specialists and experts, since IFAP provides a reliable platform for international policy discussions and cooperation in the area of access to and preservation of, information and knowledge.  He also underscored: “People and societies must realize that documentary heritage in all its forms, and especially the one of outstanding and universal value, is constantly under attack and threat of destruction, and that consenting to its disappearance would be the biggest failure of our times. For many years, UNESCO, together with its members and partners is striving to raise the awareness of national authorities and other relevant stakeholders about the necessity to improve the conditions for the preservation of, and the increased access to the common heritage of humanity. Several of the IFAP recent projects illustrate perfectly these efforts.

Broadband Commission Report 2016: More than half of the world’s population remains offline and the gender gap is widening

News - ven, 16/09/2016 - 10:27

The report traces the progress made towards achieving the Broadband Commission’s targets for broadband. Progress has been mixed. There has been good progress made towards the first target on National Broadband Plans and policy-making and also on the affordability of broadband access (second target). The Commission’s target 3 on household Internet access and 4 on Internet access in Least Developed Countries will be achieved outside of the original time frame. Regrettably, there is a retrogression for the fifth target calling for gender equality in access to broadband Internet. The overall Internet user gender gap grew by 1% between 2013 and 2016, with still 202 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone in 2016. 

For this year’s report, UNESCO contributed with a chapter focusing on knowledge cities, in light of Habitat III, the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development taking place in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. It explores the implications of ‘city smartening’ processes in urban centres. Broadband connectivity and ICTs have the potential to transform our urban lives by generating greater economic, energy, governance and mobility efficiency in our cities.

As Frank La Rue, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, highlights: “‘City smartening’ processes could, however, also represent a crucial milestone in the building of knowledge, cities by boosting urban democratic processes, using ICTs for a greater inclusion and democratic participation, offering quality education to all, empowering women and girls, and promoting cultural diversity and creativity. Broadband and ICTs are key efficiency drivers, but we need to put the human-beings at the centre of our preoccupations. We have to harness technologies to realize our Human Rights, including the freedom of expression.” 

The report also explores promising new uses and applications of ICTs for development (ICT4D), including mobile, satellite, the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine-to-Machine (M2M) connectivity and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This serves as a reminder that new technologies and broadband can play a vital role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. However, this holds true only if the necessary conditions to enable affordable, universal and available Internet access have been achieved and if the ‘soft components’ of the ICT roll-out such as skills development, local content in local languages, inclusive, participatory policies, institutional transparency and accountability are put in place. To promote broadband for catalyzing sustainable development, the report also offers a number of concrete policy recommendations. 

Overall the report is an urgent reminder and call for action as regards ensuring that those who remain without an Internet access have the capacities and content to use the Internet to enhance their livelihood and achieve sustainable development. The report will be one of the inputs to the 14th Annual Meeting of the Broadband Commission, which will be held in New York, USA, on 18 September 2016.

¿Cuánto invierten los países en I+D? Una nueva herramienta de la UNESCO identifica a los nuevos protagonistas

Noticias - jeu, 15/09/2016 - 18:29

“La innovación es fundamental para alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Por eso es esencial el seguimiento de la inversión en I+D en conocimiento, tecnología y pensamiento, que impulsa la innovación en los países”, afirmó Silvia Montoya, Directora del Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO.

El ODS 9 insta a los gobiernos a promover la industrialización y la innovación sostenibles, mediante el rápido incremento del gasto en I+D y el aumento del número de investigadores. Ambos indicadores figuran en la nueva herramienta informática, titulada: “¿Cuánto invierte su país en I+D?”.

Los cinco primeros en la clasificación, en términos de gasto absoluto en I+D, son  grandes potencias económicas: Estados Unidos, China, Japón, Alemania y la República de Corea. Pero la clasificación cambia drásticamente cuando se aplican los datos que se usarán para dar seguimiento a la consecución del ODS 9, que miden el gasto en I+D como porcentaje del PIB: la República de Corea ocupa entonces el primer lugar, seguida de Israel, Japón, Finlandia y Suecia.

Durante algún tiempo las regiones han venido fijando sus propios objetivos de gasto en este sector: el más conocido es el de la Unión Europea (UE) que se ha propuesto aumentar la inversión global en I+D hasta el 3% del PIB de aquí a 2020.

Según los datos del Instituto, en el mundo entero sólo seis países han logrado superar el objetivo del 3% y tres de ellos son economías pequeñas de la UE: Dinamarca, Finlandia y Suecia. Este grupo figura por detrás de Japón, que alcanza el 3,6% y de Israel, que llega a la impresionante marca del 4,1%. Y por delante de todos, se encuentra el líder mundial, la República de Corea, que registra un 4,3%. Austria, Alemania y Suiza bordean el 3%, al igual que Estados Unidos, que es el país que más gasta en términos absolutos.

Pocos países de otras regiones se acercan a estos valores. En Europa Central y Oriental, Eslovenia encabeza la tabla, con el 2,4%, en comparación con el 1,2% que muestra la Federación de Rusia. En Asia Central, las cifras rondan el 0,2%, como ocurre en Kazajstán. Marruecos encabeza la clasificación en el mundo árabe, con el 0,7%.

En América Latina, Brasil es líder, con 1,2%, mientras que la India ocupa el primer lugar en Asia Meridional y Occidental, con el 0,8%. En África, la Unión Africana ha fijado la meta en el 1%, pero sólo Kenya, Malí y Sudáfrica se acercan a esa cifra.

China alcanza actualmente un asombroso promedio de 18,3% de crecimiento anual del gasto en I+D, en comparación con la media del 1,4% de los demás países de ingresos medios-altos, según los datos del Instituto. El gasto que China dedica a I+D sólo representa el 2% de su PIB, pero esto significa que este país inyecta cada año en el sector unos 369.000 millones de dólares, en términos de paridad de poder adquisitivo. A medida que la proporción del gasto mundial en I+D disminuyó entre 1996 y 2013, pasando del 88% al 69,3%, China colmó la brecha por sí sola, al aumentar su gasto del 2,5% al 19,6% en el mismo periodo. Esto significa que China se acerca cada vez más a Estados Unidos, país que representa casi el 30% del gasto mundial en I+D.

En 2013 había en el mundo un promedio de 1.083 investigadores por cada millón de habitantes. Pero de 1996 a 2013 la proporción de investigadores disminuyó en los países de ingresos medios, con la excepción de China, del 17% al 15%, una tendencia negativa preocupante, que podría repercutir en la consecución del desarrollo sostenible en todo el planeta.  

Conozca la herramienta: on.unesco.org/gasto-ID

Contacto:
Amy Otchet – Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO (Montreal, Canadá) +1 514 343 7933 – cell +1 402 7836; email: a.otchet(at)unesco.org

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