Agrégateur de flux

Access to information is vital to build stronger society and policies in Afghanistan says Irina Bokova

News - il y a 50 min 54 sec

Irina Bokova had an in-depth discussion with Shafika Habibi, founder and Director of the Afghan Women Journalists Association, Najiba Ayubi, Deputy Director of the Afghanistan National Journalists Organisation, Danish Karokhel, member of the Oversight Commission for the implementation of the Access to Information Law and Najib Sharifi, Director of the Afghan Journalists Safety Committee.

Mr Karokhel shared his perspective on the implementation of the Access to Information Law approved in December 2014. “Eleven months back we created the 13-member commission that according to the law should oversee its implementation. However, no governmental budget has been assigned to it so far,” he said.

He said that the Commission has elaborated a bylaw to strengthen its independence and highlighted the importance of right to information in the fight against corruption and the promotion of sustainable, participatory development . “A culture of information sharing is vital to strengthen accountability, to improve public policies and build stronger, more transparent societies,” he said.

Mr Karokhel referred to the launch of a future joint project with UNESCO in Afghanistan to raise public awareness and to encourage media and civil society to play an active role in pursuing the full implementation of the law. «People should know that they have this right to access information» said the Director-General. «If they do not know their own rights, if they are not educated or encouraged, what is written in the law will never be fully implemented ,» she said, reaffirming UNESCO’s  special role to play in this regard.

With regard to the situation of female journalists,  Ms Ayubi said that out of estimated 10,000 reporters in the country only 2,000 women are able to work. “While women represent 50% of the Afghan population, only 30 media organisations are managed by women, against around 1800 registered.”

Both Ms Ayubi and Ms Habibi underlined the urgent need for capacity building for female journalists, including a leadership and management focus. “The creation of role models is important, to encourage young journalists, to tell them they should not be afraid and to give them confidence, » said the Director-General.

Ms Habibi informed that since the last visit of the Director-General three years ago, the Afghan Women Journalists Union has expanded its activity to 13 provinces and counts over 400 members. “The situation is very bad in the provinces, the number of women working has decreased, many are fired without any reason and others receive their salaries after months,” she said, also reporting on harrassment.

Both Ms Habibi and Ms Ayubi agreed that the decision making power on hiring staff is dominanted by men, stressing the importance of women in leadership positions in the media.

Ms Bokova pledged to seek further support from potential donors, in particular for capacity building. The UNESCO office in Afghanistan stands ready to launch a Women Media Service project that would include investigative reporting by female journalists and capacity building throughout the country.  

The Director of the Afghanistan Journalists Safety Committee underlined the role played by media in promoting democracy in the country. “However, we receive pressures from all sides” said Mr Sharifi, highlighting also that many media had to close because they are unable to tackle the financial challenges they face. He recognized the commitment of the current Afghan leadership towards media freedom, calling for more concrete action.

Ms Bokova cited the expertise of UNESCO in the context of the UN Plan for the Safety of Journalists,  with judges and prosecutors receiving specific training to prosecute crimes against journalists. “I am impressed by the leadership you demonstrate and by all the actions and progress made over the past few years. The adoption of the Access to Information law in 2014 is truly a success story for Afghanistan, and now it needs to be fully implemented,” concluded the Director-General.

For further information contact UNESCO’s Mr. Habibullah Sayed 0728 85 85 53 – s.habibullah@unesco.org

UNESCO supports capacity building of Press Council in Pristina

News - jeu, 26/05/2016 - 15:10

“Our Press Council has decided to react to several criticisms it has received highlighting that our decisions and rulings should be written in a more user-friendly language,” said Qerim Ondozi, Public Relation Officer of PCK.

The training program was based on the recommendations of UNESCO’s needs-assessment report regarding press councils in the region. The report was published in 2015 and recommended to improve some of the Councils’ rulings, specifically pointing out that “there is sometimes a lack of detail in the explanation of whether and how the Code has been breached.”

At the training, decisions taken by PCK during the last two years were discussed. PCK receives on average 40 complaints per year. Decisions against the complaints are made by the Board and are then made public by the Secretariat of PCK.

Training highlighted the need for PCK’s decisions to be more descriptive, in particular to include a background section where the foundations and context of the complaints are outlined. Using the examples of their counterparts in Belgium and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the trainer Zenun Ҫelaj, editor-in-chief of the online news portal koha.net, highlighted how to bring clarity to and to boost the credibility of the decisions of the self-regulatory body.

This training seminar was organized as part of the UNESCO EU-funded project Building Trust in Media in South East Europe and Turkey. Nehat Islami, Executive Director of PCK, Nora Behluli, complaint officer, and Qerim Ondozi, PR officer, took part in the training.

UNESCO and Sakharov Prize Network discuss human rights online at the European Parliament

News - jeu, 26/05/2016 - 09:45

This was the message of Guy Berger, UNESCO Director of the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, in a keynote speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, 24 May 2016.

His intervention was part of the Mid-Term Conference of the Sakharov Prize Network for stronger human rights action, which involves Laureates of the Prize and which is dedicated to defending human rights in a digital era. The session was chaired by MEP Christian Dan Preda, Vice-Chair of the Subcommittee on Human Rights at the European Parliament.

Berger referred to “a level of securitisation that puts our rights to freedom of expression, privacy and association under stress”. Balancing rights on the Internet needed to take account of international standards for proportionality and necessity, he said.

Balancing also needed to take account of the Internet specificities of Openness, Accessibility and Multi-stakeholder participation, Berger stated.  

Paying tribute to the Laureates of the Sakharov Prize, Berger also underlined that “we need to support and protect journalism, on and offline. We need to speak out when its expressions are censored, and when its practitioners are persecuted, whether by terrorists or state actors.

“These violations of freedom of expression remove the very factor that can enable everyone to think in an informed way. So, we must defend the right to do journalism online in freedom and safety.”

During the session Guy Berger also introduced a pilot project being worked on by UNESCO, and invited co-operation by European institutions. Called “Internet futures: upgrading policy and practice human rights in the digital age”, the project promotes the UNESCO framework of Internet Universality and ROAM principles as a way to balance human rights online.

The Sakharov Prize Network connects Members of the European Parliament, laureates, and civil society and it serves as a channel of communication that enables them to better address human rights violations and issues.

La Directrice générale de l’UNESCO salue la libération de Khadija Ismayilova, lauréate du Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO/Guillermo Cano 2016

Actualités - mer, 25/05/2016 - 21:26

« Trois semaines après que l’UNESCO ait remis à Khadija Ismayilova le prestigieux Prix UNESCO/Guillermo Cano 2016, je me réjouis de sa libération. C’est une étape majeure pour la liberté d’expression, le respect de la légalité et l’Etat de droit en Azerbaïdjan », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « L’engagement de l’UNESCO à défendre les journalistes dans le monde demeure constant » a-t-elle ajouté. « Améliorer la sécurité des journalistes, lutter contre l’impunité des crimes commis à leur encontre, défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté des médias n’a jamais été aussi important pour l’UNESCO. Cela nécessite l’engagement de tous les acteurs et de chaque gouvernement ».

Khadija Ismayilova, journaliste indépendante et collaboratrice au service azerbaïdjanais de Radio Free Europe, était détenue depuis décembre 2014. En septembre 2015 elle a été condamnée à sept ans et demi de prison pour abus de pouvoir et évasion fiscale.

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Roni Amelan, Service de presse de l’UNESCO, r.amelan(at)unesco.org +33(0)145681650

La Directora General celebra la liberación de Khadija Ismayilova, ganadora del premio mundial UNESCO/Guillermo Cano de Libertad de Prensa 2016

Noticias - mer, 25/05/2016 - 16:22

“Tres semanas después de que la UNESCO le concediera el prestigioso premio mundial UNESCO/Guillermo Cano de Libertad de Prensa, celebro la liberación de Khadija Ismayilova de la cárcel como un paso importante para la libertad de expresión, el debido procedimiento legal y los principios del derecho en Azerbaiyán”, dijo la Directora General. “El compromiso de la UNESCO de defender a los periodistas en todo el mundo es inquebrantable”, añadió Bokova. “Nuestro mandato de mejorar la seguridad de los periodistas y combatir la impunidad de los crímenes de que son objeto, de defender la libertad de expresión y las libertades de los medios nunca ha sido más importante que ahora y requiere el compromiso de todos los actores y de todos y cada uno de los gobiernos”.

Ismayilova, periodista freelance y colaboradora del servicio azerbaiyano de Radio Free Europe, está detenida desde diciembre de 2014. En septiembre de 2015 fue sentenciada a siete años y medio de cárcel por cargos de abuso de poder y evasión de impuestos.

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Roni Amelan, Servicio de prensa de la UNESCO, r.amelan(at)unesco.org +33(0)145681650

Director-General welcomes freeing of Khadija Ismayilova, laureate of UNESCO Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2016

News - mer, 25/05/2016 - 16:01

“Some three weeks after UNESCO awarded Khadija Ismayilova the prestigious UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize, I welcome her release from prison as a major step for freedom of expression, due process and the rule of law in Azerbaijan,” said the Director-General. “UNESCO’s commitment to stand by journalists around world, is unwavering,” Ms Bokova added. “Our mandate to enhance the safety of journalists and fight impunity for crimes against them, to defend freedom of expression and media freedoms has never been so important. This requires the commitment of all actors and every Government.” 

Ms Ismayilova, a freelance journalist and contributor to the Azerbaijani service of Radio Free Europe, was detained in December 2014. In September 2015, was sentenced to seven and a half years’ imprisonment on charges relating to abuse of power and tax evasion.

Le Sommet humanitaire mondial lance un appel en faveur de la protection des journalistes et de la promotion du journalisme indépendant dans les situations de crises

Actualités - mer, 25/05/2016 - 11:22

La session portait sur les défis qui se posent aux médias dans les situations de crise, notamment sur les risques croissants auxquels sont confrontés les journalistes et sur la manière dont ces situations affectent leur capacité à remplir leur mission.

« Aujourd’hui, nous devons accélérer le mouvement de reconnaissance par les Etats de l’importance que revêt la sécurité des journalistes partout dans le monde, notamment dans les situations humanitaires d’urgence où les journalistes jouent un rôle vital pour informer, prévenir et limiter les impacts des crises », a déclaré la Directrice générale de l’UNESCO.

Cette session, présidée par la directrice du journal turc Hürriyet, Vuslat Doğan Sabancı, a déclaré pour sa part que « l’humanité est confrontée à l’un de ses défis les plus importants avec les millions de personnes qui fuient leur foyer à la recherche de plus de sécurité. Les médias jouent un rôle crucial en attirant l’attention du monde sur la crise des réfugiés et en se faisant l’écho de la souffrance de ces réfugiés forcés de fuir leur foyer. Ils gravent dans nos consciences des images marquantes de cette réalité ».   

Les participants à cette session ont appelé les Etats, les agences des Nations Unies et les organisations de médias à mettre en œuvre le Plan d’action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et la question de l’impunité.

Le Plan d’action, approuvé par le Conseil des chefs de secrétariat des organismes des Nations Unies pour la coordination (CCS), qui réunit les directeurs de toutes les agences des Nations Unies, est le premier mécanisme doté d’une approche multipartite à traiter de la question de la sécurité des journalistes et de l’impunité.

Les participants se sont intéressés aux actions spécifiques qui peuvent être menées par les acteurs concernés pour tenter de mettre fin aux attaques contre les journalistes et promouvoir le reportage indépendant dans les situations de crise.

L’Appel invite les Etats à mettre en place des mécanismes nationaux pour la sécurité des journalistes afin de prévenir et assurer un suivi des menaces visant les professionnels des médias. Il s’agit aussi de mettre fin à l’impunité en garantissant que de tels crimes donnent lieu à une enquête et d’améliorer la protection des journalistes en formant les forces de sécurité et les officiers de justice au droit humanitaire et aux des droits de l’homme dans le cadre des Objectifs de développement durable 2030, notamment l’objectif 16, qui appelle les Etats à garantir l’accès du public à l’information et protéger les libertés fondamentales ».

Cet Appel exhorte les agences des Nations Unies à partager l’information et les bonnes pratiques, en fonction de leur domaine d’expertise, afin de mettre en œuvre le plan des Nations Unies à l’échelle mondiale et d’assurer le suivi de l’état de la sécurité des journalistes à travers l’Examen périodique universel (le mécanisme onusien de suivi des droits de l’homme dans les Etats membres), les rapports de l’UNESCO et les rapports sur la mise en œuvre des Objectifs de développement durable.

Les organisations de médias sont également invitées à faire en sorte que le personnel local et international, professionnel et indépendant, soit formé afin de disposer des ressources nécessaires pour assurer sa propre sécurité.

L’UNESCO, l’agence des Nations Unies dotée d’un mandat pour défendre la liberté d’expression, recense plus de 825 journalistes tués dans l’exercice de leur profession au cours des dix dernières années. En moyenne, un travailleur des médias est tué tous les cinq jours et dans neuf cas sur dix, les auteurs de ces crimes ne sont jamais jugés, ce qui se traduit par une impunité pour les crimes commis contre les journalistes.

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Pour plus d’information :

Le plan d’action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes

Les actions de l’UNESCO sur la sécurité des journalistes

Contact médias : Roni Amelan, r.amelan(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 16 50.

 

 

La Cumbre Humanitaria Mundial llama a la protección de periodistas para asegurar la información en situaciones de crisis

Noticias - mer, 25/05/2016 - 01:16

La sesión se enfocó en los desafíos que enfrentan los medios en situaciones de crisis, sobre todo en el creciente riesgo que corren de los periodistas y el impacto que genera en su capacidad para cumplir su trabajo.

“Hoy debemos acelerar el proceso para que los Estados reconozcan la importancia de proteger la seguridad de los periodistas en todas partes, especialmente durante emergencias humanitarias donde juegan un importante rol informando, previniendo, mitigando y reduciendo el impacto de las crisis”, dijo Irina Bokova, Directora General de la UNESCO.

En el mismo sentido, la directora del periódico turco Hürriyet  y presidenta de esta sesión, Vuslat Doğan Sabancı declaró que “la humanidad está haciendo frente a una de sus pruebas más significativas, donde millones de personas están dejando sus hogares por seguridad. Los medios juegan un rol primordial, volcando la atención mundial sobre la crisis de refugiados, dándole voz al sufrimiento de las personas refugiadas que son forzadas a dejar sus hogares e imprimiendo sus retratos en nuestras conciencias”.

Los participantes hicieron un llamamiento a los Estados Miembros, las agencias de las Naciones Unidas y a los medios de comunicación, a implementar el Plan de Acción de la ONU sobre la Seguridad de los Periodistas y la Cuestión de la Impunidad. Además, fueron tratadas acciones específicas para que cada entidad involucrada incremente sus esfuerzos por poner fin a los ataques contra los periodistas y promover el reporteo independiente en situación de crisis.

De este modo, los Estados Miembros fueron conminados a crear mecanismos nacionales de seguridad para periodistas, para prevenir y monitorear amenazas contra profesionales de las comunicaciones, terminar con la impunidad asegurando que los crímenes sean investigados, y disponer de protección en base a la formación de fuerzas de seguridad y agentes judiciales en torno a los derechos humanos, leyes humanitarias y el rol de los periodistas. Todo, en el marco de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible de 2030 (ODS), en particular el objetivo 16, que llama a los Estados a “asegurar el acceso público a la información y proteger las libertades fundamentales”.

Asimismo, se exhortó a las agencias de las Naciones Unidas a continuar compartiendo información y mejorar la práctica, utilizando su experticia para implementar el Plan de la ONU en todo el mundo y vigilar la seguridad de los periodistas mediante el Examen Periódico Universal (mecanismo de observación de la situación de los derechos humanos en los Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas), Informes de la UNESCO, y reportes del progreso de la implementación de los ODS.

Finalmente, los medios de comunicación fueron impelidos a asegurar que su personal y freelancers a nivel internacional y local, posean el entrenamiento y los recursos necesarios para ejercer su profesión de manera segura.

La UNESCO, agencia de la ONU cuya misión es promover la libertad de expresión, ha informado que más de 825 periodistas han sido asesinados en zona de conflictos durante los últimos diez años. En otras palabras, un trabajador de las comunicaciones es asesinado cada cinco días y en nueve de diez casos, los responsables nunca son condenados, lo que se traduce en una real impunidad en casos de crímenes contra periodistas.

At World Humanitarian Summit protecting journalists key to reporting in crisis situations

News - mer, 25/05/2016 - 01:15

The session focused on challenges and good practices experienced by the media in crisis situations, notably the increased risks to journalists’ safety and the impact of crises their ability to meet professional standards.

UNESCO’s Director-General, Irina Bokova, said that “today, we must accelerate the global recognition by states of the importance to protect the safety of journalists everywhere, especially in humanitarian emergencies where it plays a vital role in informing, preventing, mitigating and reducing the impacts of crises.

The session Chair, Chairwoman of Turkish Newspaper Hürriyet, Vuslat Doğan Sabancı said that “humanity is facing one of its most significant tests, as millions of people are leaving their homes for safety. The media is playing a critical role, awakening the world's attention to the refugee crisis by giving voice to the pain of the refugees being forced to leave their homes and bringing startling visual images into our consciousness.”

Participants called on Member States, UN agencies and media organizations, to implement the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. They also focused on specific actions each stakeholder could take to increase their efforts to bring an end to attacks against journalists and to promote independent reporting in crisis situations.

The call requests Member States to create national safety of journalist mechanisms to prevent, and monitor threats against media professional, end impunity by ensuring thorough investigation into such crimes, and improve protection by training security forces and judiciary officials about international human rights and humanitarian law and the role of journalists, all under the framework of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular Goal 16, which calls for States to “ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms.”

It urges UN agencies to continue sharing information and best practices, drawing on their expertise to implement the UN Plan worldwide and monitor journalist safety through the Universal Periodic Review (the UN reporting mechanism on human rights in Member States), UNESCO reports, and progress reports on the implementation of the SDGs.

Finally, Media organizations are called on to ensure that international and local, staff and freelancers, have the training and resources needed to practice their profession safely.

UNESCO, the UN agency mandated to promote freedom of expression, reports that over 825 journalists have been killed in the line of duty over the past ten years. On average, this translates into one media worker killed every five days and in more than nine out of 10 cases, those responsible for the killings are never punished, leading to impunity for crimes against journalists.

UNESCO takes World Humanitarian Summit into virtual journey with war reporters in Syria

News - mar, 24/05/2016 - 15:04

The film enabled visitors to the Exhibition Fair at the Istanbul Congress Centre to stand by journalists at the moments they document stories in Syria and to follow them to different locations covering the unfolding events. The film brings insights into the dangers that put journalists’ lives at risk and the difficult decisions that they are faced with when covering the news.

In Their Press Vests engaged visitors into an immersive experience to understand the working conditions of Syrian journalists, many of who started as citizen journalists documenting the civil unrest, and who have become increasingly professional.

By presenting In Their Press Vests at the World Humanitarian Summit Expo, UNESCO makes use of virtual reality as a powerful new approach to advocate for the safety of journalists, freelancers, bloggers and social media producers as well as journalism sources. Not only do they fall casualty to conflict, but they are frequently directly targeted for doing their jobs.

“The film put myself in a situation that I would never had experienced;” “There's nothing like looking through the eyes of a person - just seeing the world a whole different way. I feel like I understand more of what's going on in Syria - makes me wonder what I can do,”  were some of the comments from visitors to the UNESCO booth.

UNESCO produced In Their Press Vests, in partnership with The Association for the Support of Free Media and with the support of the Government of Finland. The film was first exhibited this year during World Press Freedom Day in Helsinki and Difference Day at BOZAR Centre of Fine Arts in Brussels.

As the UN agency mandated to protect freedom of expression and with an active role in promoting journalists' safety worldwide, UNESCO stands up every time a media worker is killed and calls for justice. The organization also spearheads the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists.

Between 2006 and 2015, UNESCO condemned the killing of 825 journalists around the world. In more than nine out of ten cases, those responsible for the killing are never punished.

Attacks against journalists are also perpetrated in non-conflict situations. Threats of persecution, arrest, imprisonment, denial of journalistic access and gender-based harassment continue to be tactics to silence journalism. Threats are also linked to digital safety and online harassment, trolling and surveillance.

La Directora General pide investigación urgente del asesinato del periodista mexicano Manuel Santiago Torres González

Noticias - mar, 24/05/2016 - 11:43

“Condeno el asesinato de Manuel Santiago Torres Gónzalez”, dijo la Directora General. “Los ataques contra los medios afectan a cada miembro de la sociedad y socavan la libertad de expresión. Pido a las autoridades que investiguen este crimen y lleven a sus culpables ante la justicia.

El veterano periodista Manuel Torres González era editor del portal Noticias MT. Fue asesinado en la localidad de Poza Rica, al norte de Veracruz.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto de prensa: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

La Directrice générale demande l’ouverture d’une enquête sur le meurtre du journaliste Manuel Santiago Torres Gonzáles au Mexique

Actualités - mar, 24/05/2016 - 10:42

« Je condamne le meurtre de Manuel Santiago Torres Gonzáles », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Les attaques visant les médias affectent tous les membres d’une société et mettent à mal la liberté d’expression. J’appelle les autorités à enquêter sur ce crime abominable et à traduire ses auteurs en justice ».

Journaliste chevronné, Manuel Santiago Torres Gonzáles était rédacteur pour le site d’actualité Noticias MT. Il a été abattu dans la ville de Poza Rica.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

Contact médias: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

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L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

 

 

 

Inaugural meeting and planning workshop for Open Access for Libya concludes in Amman

News - mar, 24/05/2016 - 09:48

Inaugural Meeting and Planning Workshop for Open Access for Libya was held at Hotel Regency palace from 17 to 19 May 2016. The event, which was implemented within the framework of “National ICT project for capacity building in Higher Education of Libya”, was attended by 23 high level government officials and delegates of nine Universities in different parts of Libya.

The OA project will create necessary conditions to create a policy framework and national system that will ensure that all publicly funded research in Libya becomes freely and openly available and that Libyan academia are not left behind in the global OA movement. The project will not only ensure strengthening research and innovation processes in the country but it will also ensure that Libya is enlisted highly on global systems, such as Global Innovation Index (GII), that ranks innovation and research strength of countries. The proposed strategy will also formulate a framework to monitor progress and establish benchmarks.

The project has a strong networking and capacity enhancement component, which will be implemented within the broader framework of reconciliation and reparation agenda of the Government of Libya.  

The Meeting created a platform to understand trends and emerging challenges related to the impact of Open Access  on scientific information acquisition and sharing; clarified the context and the utility of Open Access policy and analyzed existing barriers or support for Open Access Policy adoption; discussed specific technology generated trends, and their consequences for development in scientific (both social as well as natural sciences) information and research sharing; and discussed several collaborative and collective efforts and actions required to initiate Open Access movement in the country. Attendants from various Libyan universities actively participated in discussions and shared their experiences. The meeting also benefitted from the expertise of Hamad Bin Khalifa University Press, Qatar, which provided technical expertise during the meeting.  Following intensive discussions, and in a participatory manner, the meeting finalized a detailed “way-forward” for the project.

A side meeting of the Vice President of the Presidential Council Dr Fathi Ali and Dr Ghaith Fariz, UNESCO Representative to Libya, as well as other UNESCO delegates was also held to discuss and consolidate modalities for implementation of the project.

Open Access (OA) is a term widely used to refer to unrestricted online access to articles published in scholarly journals. OA movement is aligned with the overarching Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with its focus on bolstering human capital and the World Summit on the Information Society’s goal of building open and inclusive knowledge societies.

UNESCO supports OA for the benefit of the global flow of knowledge, innovation and equitable socio‐economic development. To achieve the goal of open and inclusive knowledge societies, different approaches and strategies have been adopted by UNESCO.

Director-General urges investigation into the killing of journalist Manuel Santiago Torres González in Mexico

News - mar, 24/05/2016 - 09:25

“I condemn the murder of Manuel Santiago Torres González,” the Director-General said. Attacks on the media affect every member of society and undermine freedom of expression. I call on the authorities to investigate this heinous crime and bring its perpetrators to justice.”

 

Veteran journalist Manuel Santiago Torres González was editor of the Noticias MT news website was shot in the city of in Poza Rica.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

Networks of Mediterranean Youth speak up on World Press Freedom Day in Helsinki

News - lun, 23/05/2016 - 17:45

The overarching theme for this year’s celebration was “Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms. This is your Right!”. Giving ample room for young voices to be heard was key at this global event; one of its focus areas being freedom of information and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which youth will have a central role in bringing to completion. This was an occasion for NET-MED Youth participants to exchange views with actors from Arab countries and the world over that are fighting for effective press freedom and plural media that give space to youth, women and all communities, highlighted Imane Bounjara, from Morocco.

On 2 May, a side-event organized by NET-MED Youth in cooperation with MedMedia (another EU-funded project, implemented by a consortium led by BBC Media Action), served to share insights emerging from the “Youth on Screen” initiative, which has been implemented for the past year. Youth that had taken part in past national-level meetings presented creative ideas for new television programmes, to an audience of TV professionals and young civil society advocates from different NET-MED Youth target countries, as well as other participants attending the World Press Freedom Day commemoration. Discussions also addressed the challenges faced by media in producing youth-focused programming, and the opportunities offered in this regard by constructive collaboration with civil society. One of the young Algerian presenters, Samira Dehri, noted that the experience had given her new hope, permitting a clearer view on how to best move toward media’s future, enhance the image of young people and their role in bringing about change. “My slogan today is: yes we can, we are the key!” she concluded. 

Five among the NET-MED Youth participants at World Press Freedom Day were members of the Youth Newsroom that covered the celebration. Bringing together more than 40 participants from 10 countries, this was the biggest edition of this unique experience yet! Young reporters produced written stories and interviews, podcasts, videos, photos and social media content. Their work was featured on the Youth Newsroom website, a magazine disseminated among World Press Freedom Day attendees before the event´s closing session, as well as on Twitter, Facebook, YouTube , and Instagram. “I will never forget how the FREEZINE magazine gave our voices the chance to come out loudly!” said Lubna Saheb, from Palestine, who praised the newsroom leaders for proving guidance, efficiently distributing tasks and ensuring cooperation among all members.

“Participating in the newsroom was the best experience I've ever had in my life…”, explained with excitement Mohammad Oreiby, from Lebanon, noting how enriching it was to meet and interact with people from all over the world, get to know some of their traditions, and share information about their respective countries. “And the most important thing was working in a same spirit to showcase the best of the event,” he stated. In a similar vein, Saleh Kishta, from Jordan, stressed that sharing experiences with peers from different cultures and nations “led to unite us and unite our efforts… proving the strength of team work”. In a world witnessing disunity, conflicts and wars, “I think what we have done is what serves humanity,” he expressed.

Also on the side of World Press Freedom Day, a networking event was jointly organized by the Anna Lindh Foundation, the Finnish Institute in the Middle East and the NET-MED Youth Project, which connected Arab youth with Finnish civil society and media actors to exchange views on major issues affecting their societies, including the role of media in promoting cross-cultural understanding.

Participants also got to attend a public seminar focusing on the work of UNESCO to promote freedom of expression in the Arab region, which showcased the impact of extra-budgetary projects supported by the Governments of Finland and Sweden that have also provided co-financing for NET-MED Youth.

Reflecting on the overall 2016 World Press Freedom Day experience, Lebanese participant Bechara Ghaoui described it as an inspiration, which left him with wishes, hope and determination to go back to his region and promote freedom of expression until it is ensured that “the press is free and every man is able to say whatever he wants without any fears”.

The Networks of Mediterranean Youth (NET-MED Youth) project is implemented by UNESCO and funded by the European Union. It aims at mainstreaming youth issues and priorities across national decision-making and policy implementation in eastern and western Mediterranean countries by building the capacities of youth and youth organizations and promoting their active engagement in the development and implementation of national policies and strategies on youth, ensuring that youth issues are adequately covered by national and regional media and by identifying workable models for improving youth access to employment and youth inclusion in different sectors.

To learn more about Networks of Mediterranean Youth (NET-MED Youth), visit: http://www.netmedyouth.org/ and follow us on: www.facebook.com/netmedyouth

Namibia celebrates World Press Freedom Day and 25th anniversary of the Windhoek Declaration

News - lun, 23/05/2016 - 17:16

The ceremony brought together a collective body of representatives from relevant government offices, diplomatic corps, humanitarian organisations, non-governmental organizations and the media. The overall objective of the celebration was to raise public and institutional awareness on access to information as a fundamental human right. 

The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT) keynote speaker and Deputy Director of Print Media Affairs at the MICT, Mr Frans Nghitila, who spoke on behalf of Deputy Minister Stanley Simataa said that an access to information law will soon be available in Namibia. He also urged all the journalists to acknowledge the Government’s efforts in creating an enabling environment for their operation and reciprocate that through ethical journalism.

"We (Government) are working hard at ensuring access to information by all especially journalists. We expect the media to be more responsible and contribute meaningfully to sustainable development," he said.

Mr Nghitila also mentioned new initiatives in the pipeline by the ministry such as the whistle blowers protection act, e-governance plan and broadband access by citizens which the Government is currently working on to ensure that the infrastructure for an access to information law is in place.   

The United Nations (UN) Resident Coordinator, Ms Kiki Gbeho delivered the UN Secretary General Mr Ban Ki Moon and UNESCO Director General, Ms Irina Bokova’s Messages on WPFD.  She emphasised on the important role the media plays in achieving developmental goals, especially those launched under the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty.

"The media plays a pivotal role in raising awareness and providing a better understanding of the SDGs. In order for us to achieve sustainable development, we must come together and pull in one direction, just as the preamble to the SDGs encourages us to leave no one behind," said Ms Gbeho.   

She also congratulated Namibia for being ranked number one in Africa and 17 in the world in terms of press freedom according to the World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders.

As a result of rapid technological advancements in the media and the increase of online journalism, UNESCO strongly supports that Press Freedom and Freedom of expression should be protected online.

During his speech, Dr Jean-Pierre Ilboudo, the UNESCO representative to Namibia, mentioned that bloggers and social media activists who generate information that is of public interest are increasingly gaining recognition by the international community in recent resolutions across the UN.

"UNESCO believes that bloggers should be protected just like journalists. However, they must abide with the journalism ethics. This means they too must verify their sources," he said.

Ms Jana Hybaskova, European Union (EU) Ambassador to Namibia commended the country’s free press and the variety and diversity of opinion displayed amongst the numerous media platforms.

She said that while journalists globally face many challenges, including harassment, threats, imprisonment and death, it is important to highlight how media and information continues to thrive in the Southern African region. According to the EU Ambassador this development shows that the best and good practice in media freedom is doing well on the African continent.

After an entertaining performance by local poets and traditional dancers, MISA Regional Director, Ms Zoe Titus gave the vote of thanks at the ceremony and reflected on the efforts made by UNESCO in 1991 to free imprisoned journalists so they could join the historic seminar known as the Windhoek Declaration. She also extended her prayers and solidarity to all those journalists imprisoned and who lost their lives in the line of duty.

The roots of World Press Freedom Day began in Namibia's capital 25 years ago, when the Windhoek Declaration on global press freedom was crafted at a seminar for African journalists organized by UNESCO. In December 1993, the UN General Assembly declared 3 May, the date of the Windhoek Declaration, as World Press Freedom Day.

La Directrice générale condamne les meurtres des journalistes Akhilesh Pratap Singh et Rajdev Ranjan en Inde

Actualités - lun, 23/05/2016 - 16:42

« Je condamne les meurtres de Akhilesh Pratap Singh et de Rajdev Ranjan » a déclaré la Directrice générale. « J’appelle les autorités à enquêter sur ces assassinats pour empêcher l’impunité des crimes commis contre la liberté d’expression et la liberté d’information de s’enraciner ».

Le 12 mai dernier, Akhilesh Pratap Singh, également connu sous le nom Indradev Yadav, a été abattu par un inconnu. Il était correspondant pour la chaîne de télévision hindi Taaza TV, dans le district de Chatra situé dans l’état de Jharkhand dans le nord- est de l’Inde.

Rajdev Ranjan, grand reporter, a été tué le vendredi 13 mai à Siwan dans l’état de Bihar, situé au centre de l’Inde. Il dirigeait le bureau du quotidien national hindi Hindustan.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12 

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

Hue City in Vietnam hosts a Memory of the World regional meeting

News - ven, 20/05/2016 - 16:12

The event was opened by the Deputy Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam, Ms Dang Thi Bich Lien. In his address to the participants, Ms Lien emphasized that Vietnam, as a country with a diverse and rich culture, highly appreciates the role of UNESCO in supporting the preservation of cultural and documentary heritage worldwide. Also, stressing the significance of MOWCAP in identifying and preserving unique documentary heritage in the region, Vietnam is attaching great importance to heritage preservation with 8 world heritage sites, 10 intangible cultural heritage and 4 documentary heritage items recognized by  UNESCO.

In his opening remarks, Ambassador Pham Sanh Chau, Secretary-General of the Vietnam National Commission for UNESCO, emphasized that Vietnam greatly values UNESCO’s heritage programmes and is particularly eager to play an active role in  strengthening and promoting  the MoW Programme.

<h2>The UNESCO Bangkok office representative, Misako Ito, reminded the theme of the 2016 World Press Freedom Day, “Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms – This is Your Right” highlighting in this context the importance of public access to information  as a crucial pre-condition to achieving all of SDGs.</h2>

The 7th MOWCAP meeting was attended by some 66 delegates representing 16 countries of Asia and the Pacific and 40 participants from different Vietnamese institutions involved in preservation of documentary heritage. The objective of the meeting was to review MOWCAP’s past activities,  including the work programme adopted at the previous general meeting; to discuss the undergoing review process of the Programme’s General Guidelines and Companion. Participants also reviewed and discussed proposals for inscriptions to the regional Register, based on the recommendations of the MOWCAP Register Subcommittee.

Within the framework of MOWCAP, a one-day workshop was organized to introduce and provide guidance on the implementation of the recently adopted UNESCO normative instrument, the Recommendation concerning the Preservation of, and Access to Documentary Heritage, including in Digital Form.

The MOWCAP meeting reviewed 16 new proposals for inscription on the regional Register, out of which 14 have been approved. The total number of the inscribed items on the MOWCAP Register reaches  now 46 items  from 23 countries.

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme is intended to protect documentary heritage, and helps networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for preservation of, and access to, documentary material.

Les policiers et les journalistes rwandais s’engagent à améliorer leurs relations de travail

Actualités - ven, 20/05/2016 - 12:02

L’atelier avait pour objet de soutenir le droit à la liberté d’expression des citoyens en renforçant les relations professionnelles entre les policiers et les journalistes, afin de promouvoir et de défendre la sécurité des journalistes. 45 policiers et 30 professionnels des médias ont participé à la formation de trois jours qui a abouti à un accord pour développer un code de conduite ou des procédures opérationnelles décrivant comment la police et les médias peuvent travailler étroitement pour mieux servir le public et organiser des ateliers réguliers pour évaluer les progrès.

Les journalistes et les policiers rwandais ont été formés par le commandant Ian Lafrenière du Service de police de la ville de Montréal au Canada, qui est à la fois policier et expert en communications publiques. Ils ont partagé leurs expériences en toute honnêteté et exploré le rôle de la police pour améliorer la sécurité des journalistes, par exemple en les aidant à avoir accès à des informations essentielles, en offrant des outils pratiques lors de la couverture de conflits et en développant des directives concernant la couverture de procédures judiciaires.

Au cours de la séance d’ouverture de l’atelier, Cleophas Barore, président par intérim de RMC, a souligné l’importance de relations professionnelles entre la police et les médias. « Dans un climat où les journalistes sont en sécurité, les citoyens ont plus de facilité à accéder à une information de qualité et cela permet également de faire des progrès dans d’autres domaines : la gouvernance démocratique et la réduction de la pauvreté ; la préservation de l’environnement ; l’égalité des genres et l’autonomisation des femmes ; la justice et une culture des droits de l’homme, pour ne nommer que quelques-uns. »

Juvenal Marizamunda, inspecteur général adjoint, a également mis en avant le rôle essentiel de la police et des médias, car ils assurent la sécurité publique et le développement national en permettant l’accès public à des informations exactes. Il a décrit les relations entre les médias et la police comme « un aspect important du maintien de l’ordre qui assure la confiance du public. Nous avons incontestablement un rôle complémentaire. La police étant une institution en constante interaction avec le public doit être au premier plan pour travailler efficacement avec les médias sans compromettre l’ordre public ».

Peter Wallet du Bureau régional de l’UNESCO pour l’Afrique de l’Est au Rwanda a encore insisté sur ce point : « Un journalisme responsable, impartial et sans entraves joue un rôle fondamental dans toute démocratie et garantit l’exercice de la liberté d’expression dans la société. »

Theos Badege, préfet de police adjoint, a réaffirmé l’engagement de la police nationale du Rwanda « de travailler collectivement avec les médias afin de servir les intérêts des Rwandais ».

L’atelier était conjointement organisé par RMC (Rwanda Media Commission), l’UNESCO et la police nationale du Rwanda, avec le soutien du gouvernement de la Suède.

IPDC delegation visits Turkey

News - ven, 20/05/2016 - 11:52

The objective of the mission was to discuss IPDC collaboration with Turkish media, the Directorate of Press and Information, the Turkish Development Cooperation Agency (TIKA) and the AA in the field of media and migration, as announced by Ambassador H.A. Botsali during the 60th IPDC Bureau meeting in March this year.

Following the IPDC debate on Media and Migration also on the occasion of the IPDC Bureau, an IPDC project was developed in cooperation with the Turkish delegation based on research and perceived need of journalists and media organizations to increase their skills and knowledge in reporting about the issue of migration and refugees. The project therefore consists of organizing a series of training workshops by skilled national and international lecturers and journalists associated with universities, professional media and journalists’ organizations. It was agreed that the project will also include training on safety of journalists and the situation of women refugees, based on UNESCO/IPDC’s syllabus on “Reporting Migration, with a focus on refugees”.

It is hoped that this pilot project, which should start in the second half of 2016, may develop into a longer-term programme which focuses on putting communication at the center of larger development goals, with special attention the implementation of SDGs.

During the visit, IPDC delegates were also able to address challenges of press freedom, the situation of media and journalists in Turkey, particularly issues related to accreditation, media polarization and the use of the Anti-Terrorism Law. It was discussed to develop a dialogue on these topics. 

The International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) is the UN’s intergovernmental programme that mobilizes international support in order to strengthen the capacities of mass media to contribute to sustainable development, democracy and good governance.

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