Agrégateur de flux

Lancement du Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO/Guillermo Cano 2016

Actualités - mer, 25/11/2015 - 10:48

Créé en 1997 par le Conseil exécutif de l'UNESCO, Le Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse est destiné à distinguer une personne, une organisation ou une institution qui a contribué d’une manière notable à la défense et/ou à la promotion de la liberté de la presse où que ce soit dans le monde, surtout si pour cela elle a pris des risques.

Le Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO/Guillermo Cano est destiné à distinguer chaque année une personne, une organisation ou une institution qui a contribué d’une manière notable à la défense et/ou à la promotion de la liberté de la presse où que ce soit dans le monde, surtout si pour cela elle a pris des risques.

Doté d’un montant de 25 000 USD, le prix est décerné tous les ans lors d’une cérémonie officielle à l’occasion de la conférence de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, le 3 mai.

La Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse 2016 aura lieu à Helsinki, Finlande, du 3 au 4 mai 2016.

Le Prix est financé par les Fondations Cano (Colombie) et Helsingin Sanomat (Finlande).

Le règlement du Prix est disponible ici.

Présentation des candidatures :

Pour proposer des candidats, veuillez envoyer le formulaire dûment rempli en anglais ou en français, avant le 15 février 2016, par courrier normal ou électronique à :

Division de la liberté d’expression, de la démocratie et de la paix
1, rue Miollis
75732 Paris cedex 15
E-mail: s.coudray(at)

UNESCO is seeking nominations for UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2016

News - mar, 24/11/2015 - 16:36

This Prize was established by UNESCO’s Executive Board, in 1997, in honour of Guillermo Cano, a Colombian journalist who died in the exercise of his profession. Its purpose is to reward each year a person, organization or institution that has made a notable contribution to the defence and/or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, especially if risks have been involved.

The purpose of the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize is to reward each year a person, organization or institution that has made a notable contribution to the defence and/or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, especially if risks have been involved.

Awarded annually, on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day (3 May), the Prize is marked by a ceremony and the winner is presented with the sum of US$25,000.

World Press Freedom Day 2016 will take place in Helsinki, Finland, from 3 to 4 May 2016.

The Prize is funded by the Cano Foundation (Colombia) and the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation (Finland).

Rules of the Prize are available here.

How to submit your nomination:

Nominations for the Prize should be submitted by filling out the form in English or French and sending it before 15 February 2016 by post or by email to:

Communication and Information Sector
Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development
Section for Freedom of Expression
7 Place de Fontenoy
75007 Paris

International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists commemorated in Nigeria

News - lun, 23/11/2015 - 15:44

At the conference attended by over 75 participants, Mr Waheed Odusile, the President of the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) called on the Federal Government of Nigeria to re-open investigations of killed journalists, and in particular the case of Dele Giwa, a journalist and founder of Newswatch Magazine, who was killed on 19 October 1986 by a letter bomb, to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice.

Mr Odusile listed the journalists who were killed, attacked, kidnapped and detained from 2006 to 2015 and asked for more concrete measures from the authorities to apprehend the perpetrators of these acts. He noted that recent developments in the country have further raised concerns about the safety of journalists and the large number of media professionals working without insurance.

Ms Adele Nibona, the Culture Specialist at the UNESCO Abuja Regional Office, while delivering the message of the Director General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, urged the nation to take all the necessary measures – through legislation, protection mechanisms and new adequate resources – to ensure that investigations and trials relating to crimes against journalists are undertaken.

Participants commended UNESCO’s efforts in assisting the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) to set up a monitoring network on safety of journalists in Abuja and in all 36 State Councils of NUJ. The Monitoring Network objectives are: encouraging tolerance of diversity of views on issues and adherence to the rule of law in handling grievances, in addition to establishing, maintaining and sustaining professional relationships and communication between journalists and agents of the State.

Mr Harry Ogwuche Obe, Special Assistant to the Executive Secretary from the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), explained the statutory mandate of the Commission to deal with human rights issues. He called on journalists to take advantage of the existence of the Commission to access its services in 24 out of 36 States of the Federation. He stated that the Human Rights Commission is committed to mobilizing its resources to ensure a better and safer working environment for journalists.

The Commissioner of Police Mr Adeyemi Ogunjemilusi appealed to journalists to refrain from sensational reporting while declaring that a number of police reforms are being embarked upon that will ensure the respect for human rights.

Ms Ekaete Umoh, Director in the Federal Ministry of Information, gave a brief assessment of impunity for crimes against journalists in Nigeria and stated that press freedom has been enhanced through the Freedom of Information Act of 2011.

UNESCO organizes training on inclusive publishing and web accessibility in Kenya

News - lun, 23/11/2015 - 12:21

The training attracted 35 participants (comprising 20 men and 15 women), three of which were visually impaired. The participants were drawn from the Ministry of Education Science and Technology, specifically under the National ICT and Innovation Centre (NI3C), Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD), ICT Authority, Inable Africa and Kenya Institute for Special Education (KISE).  Marina Patrier, UNESCO’s Education Programme Specialist, spoke to the participants on the first day of the training saying that UNESCO is totally committed to ensuring everyone is able to read in the digital age.

During the workshop participants were provided with an overview of the lack of access to information by the disabled: according to recent WHO estimates, 10% of each country’s population has a particular disability. The trainer Prashant Verma highlighted that only 0.5% of published information is available in accessible formats. This is why Kenya should campaign for better access to information so as to have equal and open access to knowledge, without which the right to education is denied.

Participants were able to interact with the facilitators and each other as they practiced use of the speech-to-text technology that enables persons with visual impairment to read on their phones and computers. It was also noted that visually impaired persons can access the computers well by using the keyboard as opposed to using the mouse. Participants also had the opportunity to look at various web accessibility features that are friendly to persons with disability.

The third day of the workshop introduced participants to various types of software for creating science and mathematics content. Participants were encouraged to always have the interest of the learners with disabilities in mind when creating or publishing content. All those present at the workshop also had the opportunity to carry out exercises to ensure they were fully acquainted with the technologies presented.  On the last day of the training, participants were able to do presentations of various exercises such as converting books’ content into accessible formats.

The training ended on Friday 13 November 2015. In a short closing ceremony, John Temba, from the Ministry of Education Science and Technology, said: “We are grateful to UNESCO for this opportunity; I also thank the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development for mobilizing all stakeholders so as to cater for the needs of persons with disabilities. I will ensure that the Kenya Institute of Special Education is also actively involved so that learners with disabilities can open and freely access digital information.”

To reiterate the commitment of Kenyan’s government to ensure access to information for all, John Kimotho, from the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD), said: “I am grateful that my staff has been equipped with all the relevant knowledge. We will ensure that our already published digital content is modified so as to incorporate features that will enable persons with disabilities to access the information.”

This training took place within the framework of UNESCO’S programme promoting universal access to information and knowledge, and ICT accessibility including for the disabled, and for all languages.

South Sudan media stakeholders appeal for decriminalization of defamation in media laws

News - ven, 20/11/2015 - 17:14
A two-day conference held in Juba to mark International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (2 November), has recommended decriminalization of defamation as is contained in the South Sudan 2013 Media Authority Act. It also appealed to the government to speed up investigation of the seven journalists killed in South Sudan, with a view to end impunity on crimes against journalists and eliminate the country’s rating on global impunity index.

UNESCO endorses new approach to Internet issues

News - ven, 20/11/2015 - 16:53

The General Conference resolution endorsed the options proposed in the study Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies – Access to information and knowledge, Freedom of Expression, Privacy and Ethics on a Global Internet.

The Keystones study emerged from Resolution 52 of the 37th Session of UNESCO’s General Conference in November 2013, which called for the preparation of “a comprehensive study on Internet-related issues, within the mandate of UNESCO, including access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy, and ethical dimensions of the information society.”

To this end, UNESCO engaged in a multistakeholder consultative process that included discussions at seven international conferences and a questionnaire that received more than 200 responses from United Nations bodies, governments, academia, civil society and the private sector. The study culminated with the CONNECTing the Dots conference, a multistakeholder event held at UNESCO Headquarters in March 2015 that convened more than 400 participants.

The Keystones study was officially launched at the 10th Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Brazil on 13 November 2015.

The General Conference resolution adopted the 38 options for action laid out in the Keystones study, which arose from the Outcome Document of the CONNECTing the dots conference.

Notably, the resolution endorses Internet Universality as a concept that summarizes UNESCO’s positions towards the Internet.

Internet Universality points to four fundamental principles that can be summarized in the acronym R.O.A.M.: that the Internet should be (i) human Rights-based (ii) Open, (iii) Accessible to all, and (iv) nurtured by Multi-stakeholder participation.

Other options include reinforcing UNESCO’s leadership in continued implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes and the Internet Governance Forum; affirming that fundamental human rights and access to information and knowledge across society support sustainable development; and strengthening the cross-cutting role of the Internet in all of UNESCO programmatic activities, including Priority Africa, Priority Gender Equality, support to Small Islands Developing States and Least Developed Countries, as well as in UNESCO’s leadership of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures.

In addition to UNESCO’s continued work in promoting universal access to information and knowledge, fostering freedom of expression online and off-line, and building ethical principles for knowledge societies, the Organization now has a strong mandate to work on issues related to privacy. This includes supporting research and best practices on the impacts on privacy of digital interception, collection, storage and use of data, as well as the role of anonymity and encryption in enabling privacy protection and freedom of expression.

Cross-cutting issues were also highlighted, such as Media and Information Literacy, protection of journalistic sources, harmonization of national laws with international human rights law, and network neutrality.

Concours de graphisme pour la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse 2016 : date limite de soumission repoussée

Actualités - ven, 20/11/2015 - 16:34

Le concours reste ouvert aux projets respectant le thème de la WPFD 2016 « C’est votre droit ! L’accès à l’information et aux libertés fondamentales ». Le gagnant du concours recevra une somme de 1000 dollars et aura l’opportunité de continuer à travailler en partenariat avec l’UNESCO afin de mettre au point l’identité visuelle de la WPFD 2016.

Nous recherchons des projets incarnant l’idée de culture, d’ouverture et de transparence. Ces projets doivent également prendre en considération le droit de chacun à accéder aux informations publiques (sauf cas très particuliers) et l’affirmation selon laquelle la qualité de l’information permettrait d’améliorer la qualité de vie. Pour plus d’informations, veuillez consulter le site internet de la WPFD 2016, ou la note conceptuelle disponible ici.

Le projet gagnant sera adapté à tout le matériel de communication et promotionnel. Cela inclut les bannières pour le site internet officiel de la WPFD 2016 et les réseaux sociaux, ainsi que tout le matériel imprimé, tels que les posters et les badges nominatifs. Il servira ainsi d’identité visuelle pour l’évènement. Veuillez prendre en considération le fait que le projet gagnant sera traduit dans les six langues officielles de l’UNESCO (anglais, français, espagnol, arabe, chinois et russe), et sera utilisé en Europe, Afrique, Asie, Amérique Latine et Amérique du Nord. Il doit inclure le titre « C’est votre droit ! L’accès à l’information et aux libertés fondamentales » et le logo de l’UNESCO et de ses partenaires.

Tous les projets doivent être envoyés au format PDF à l’adresse email suivante : wpfd2016(at) Vous devez nous les envoyer sous deux formes au moins : une bannière pour un site internet, un poster en A3, une couverture de brochure ou tout produit pouvant véhiculer le thème principal de l’évènement. Les éléments graphiques tels que photos ou dessins peuvent également être inclus dans votre projet à condition qu’ils appartiennent au créateur du projet. Nous ne recherchons pas un nouveau logo pour la WPFD car l’évènement a déjà son propre logo, celui de la « colombe pour la liberté de la presse » (que vous pouvez voir plus haut).

Global design contest for World Press Freedom Day 2016: Extension of deadline to 7 December 2015

News - ven, 20/11/2015 - 11:55

The competition remains open for entries under WPFD 2016’s theme “This Is Your Right! Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms”. The winning entry will receive a USD 1000 lump sum and the opportunity to continue working with UNESCO on WPFD 2016’s visual identity.

We are looking for designs that encapsulate the idea of culture of openness and transparency. It should consider that everyone have the right to access publicly held information (except in very specific cases) and that access to quality information has the potential to improve quality of life. For more information, please visit WPFD 2016’s website or consult the event’s concept note here.

The winning design will be used in all WPFD 2016’s communication and promotional materials. This ranges from the web-banners on the official website and social media to all printed material, including posters and name badges. It will serve as its visual identity. Please keep in mind that the final design will be made in the six official languages of UNESCO (English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, and Russian) and will be used in Europe, Africa, Asia, Latin America and North America. It should include the title “This Is Your Right! Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms” and UNESCO’s logo.

All entries should be sent to wpfd2016(at) and must be in PDF format. You may submit the entries as web-banner, A3-poster, cover of booklet or any product that can conveys the main idea in a clear). Graphic elements such as photos or drawings are welcome under the condition of ownership by the designer(s) of the entry. We are not looking for a new logo as WPFD already has a standard logo, the “dove for press freedom” (which you can see here on the top of the text).

Director-General condemns killing of Brazilian community radio journalist Israel Gonçalves Silva

News - ven, 20/11/2015 - 11:15

“I condemn the killing of Israel Gonçalves Silva,” said the Director-General. “Freedom of expression is a fundamental human right and I call on the authorities to investigate this crime and bring those responsible for it to trial.”

Israel Gonçalves Silva—host of a daily radio programme, “Open Microphone,” on community station, Rádio Itaenga FM—was killed by an unidentified gunman on the streets of the town of Lagoa de Itaenga in the northeast of Brazil on 11 November.

 The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.


Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at), +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”


UNESCO General Conference adopts unanimously a new normative instrument on the preservation of documentary heritage

News - ven, 20/11/2015 - 10:11

Two years ago, the General Conference of UNESCO invited the Director-General to prepare and submit to its 38th session, in November 2015, a draft Recommendation on the preservation of, and access to documentary heritage, including digital heritage. In order to finalize the new normative instrument, an Intergovernmental Special Committee met at UNESCO Headquarters on 1 and 2 July 2015. More than 115 experts from some 46 Member States, participated in the two-day consultation. In the discussions, it became obvious that many aspects of documentary heritage preservation and accessibility are not covered by existing heritage conventions and recommendations. As a result of this comprehensive consultative process a new normative text that covers not only heritage aspects but legal and intellectual property related aspects was elaborated.

The Deputy Director-General of UNESCO, Mr Getachew Engida, emphasized: “Our heritage is a legacy from our past. It is something we live with today and, hopefully, something that we can pass on to future generations. In every country, documentary heritage is both a record of life and history and also an irreplaceable source of creativity and inspiration. Our heritage, determines who we are, giving us both identity and the values that will guide our lives in a changing world. Yet despite its importance, there is never any guarantee that heritage will survive and be passed on to the next generation. For this reason, UNESCO has launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 and has engaged in an increasing number of campaigns and special initiatives designed to protect and preserve cultural and documentary heritage in Timbuktu, Iraq and Syria, to mention but a few examples”.

When the General Conference examined the Recommendation concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage including in Digital Form, all Member States took the floor in support of the new normative instrument and the General Conference adopted the proposed document without any amendments.  At the same time, it recommended  that  Member  States  initiate  appropriate  steps  to  adapt  this  new instrument to their specific contexts, disseminate it widely across their national territories, facilitate its implementation through the formulation and adoption of supporting policies, strategies and legislation. It was also decided that  the periodicity of reporting on the action Member States will take to give effect to this Recommendation will be every four years.

The new normative document of UNESCO will assist Member States both, at national and international levels and will help build partnerships for identifying appropriate solutions to threats such as the ravage of time, natural disasters, human behaviour, technology obsolescence, mobilizing resources, so that valuable collections and records may never be lost.

What do young people want from their national broadcasters?

News - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 16:08

“What Do Young People Want from Their National Broadcasters?” asked the title of the event. Some questions are often not easy to answer. But once youth join their creativity, passion and energy together, and the moment they find new synergies and partnerships, innovative responses and ideas arise.

“There's something magical about sitting in the same room with all parties working on youth and media,” says Asem Alnatsheh, NET-MED Youth member from Luminus Group’s SAE Institute.

The meeting was organized by two projects funded by the European Union, NET-MED Youth (implemented by UNESCO) and MedMedia (implemented by a consortium led by BBC Media Action), in the framework of the broader “Youth on Screen” initiative, which seeks to enhance young people’s representation in TV content.

“The combination of creative media production and youth is very complex and unpredictable in nature,” says Asem. “But with the right support, the outcomes are surprising, and have real and effective value — one that may trigger a change in behaviors, feelings and emotions, and may thus lead to a better future for the coming generations.”

The event allowed youth to share their feedback on different TV programme concepts that could be adapted to their country and region. One sample multimedia format they reviewed was Génération Quoi? (Generation What?), in which youth express their thoughts and feelings about specific issues, some to the camera, and many others through a wide-reaching interactive survey. It was first produced in France and will soon run in several European and other countries. Participants also discussed another TV show concept on the theme of employment.

Not only did this gathering focus on what can be created by and for youth, it also offered the right environment for all participants to reflect on the interaction between media and civil society organizations (CSOs), and on the relevance of nurturing positive linkages between them.

“Working with media outlets is inevitable for NGOs to reach their audience,” says Sami Hourani, NET-MED Youth member from Leaders of Tomorrow. “It is time for them to embed their collaboration with media in the design and structure of their projects”.

Sami and his colleague Almudaffar Shoubaki, as well as representatives of other local CSOs such as the Princess Basma Youth Resource Centre, shared different examples of the projects and activities they are implementing to build and foster links with the media.

Regina Salanova, Communication Manager at the Anna Lindh Foundation, also shared the experience of her organization promoting self-expression among young leaders and CSO representatives by building capacities for debate through the Young Arab Voices programme, for example. She highlighted the importance of research, strategic communication actions and training to strengthen youth skills for advocacy and message dissemination through the media.

This meeting hosted by the Jordan Media Institute also reserved a little surprise for the participants. The Institute’s founder, Her Royal Highness Princess Rym Ali of Jordan, briefly stopped by to listen to their ideas. She expressed her support to initiatives like these that aim at amplifying youth voices and reflecting their causes in the media.

As a follow-up to the April 2015 launch of “Youth on Screen”, this gathering in Amman is the first in a series of national meetings that will be organized across southern Mediterranean countries. The next one will take place in Palestine on 23 and 24 November 2015.

Tough questions are not always as hard as they may seem. The collaboration of youth and media professionals seems to leave way for a beam of light that could carry with it clues for youth voices to be heard.

The Networks of Mediterranean Youth (NET-MED Youth) project is implemented by UNESCO and funded by the European Union. It aims at mainstreaming youth issues and priorities across national decision-making and policy implementation in eastern and western Mediterranean countries by building the capacities of youth and youth organizations and promoting their active engagement in the development and implementation of national policies and strategies on youth, ensuring that youth issues are adequately covered by national and regional media and by identifying workable models for improving youth access to employment and youth inclusion in different sectors.

To learn more about Networks of Mediterranean Youth (NET-MED Youth), visit: and follow us on:

The “Youth on Screen” initiative’s launch also benefitted from funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

L’UNESCO met à jour son kit d’outils mondial pour le monde numérique

Actualités - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 12:12

Au cours des débats de la 38e session de sa Conférence générale, l’UNESCO a abordé des questions pressantes pour tous les citoyens. Comment récupérer les souvenirs de ma famille quand les médiums où ils sont conservés deviendront obsolètes ? Comment être sûr que mes données personnelles sont protégées ? Mon gouvernement est-il en mesure de m’offrir des services en ligne complets ? Les journalistes sont-ils suffisamment protégés ? Comment les jeunes peuvent-ils développer un sens critique leur permettant de naviguer sur le web sans risque de tomber dans la radicalisation ? Peut-on faire d’Internet un espace mondial ouvert et sûr pour tout un chacun ?

Nous sommes en train de construire des sociétés du savoir, dans lesquelles la communication et l’information sont en passe de devenir des éléments omniprésents et essentiels de toutes nos activités. Le problème de la fracture numérique évolue. Les politiques et les outils doivent s’adapter à ces nouvelles réalités du XXIe siècle.

Avec ses 195 Etats membres, l’UNESCO a débattu de ces questions et adopté des résolutions qui auront des répercussions sur les gouvernements et les simples citoyennes et citoyens autour du monde.

A la suite du processus de consultations mondiales de deux ans qui a abouti à la conférence interCONNECTer les ensembles et à sa Déclaration finale sur les questions liées à Internet, l’UNESCO bénéficie désormais d’un soutien consensuel pour travailler dans les quatre domaines suivants : (1) l’accès à l’information et au savoir ; (2) la liberté d’expression ; (3) la vie privée ; et (4) les dimensions éthiques de la société de l’information.

La Conférence générale a également adopté le principe de l’universalité d’Internet pour que les objectifs de développement mis en place dans l’avenir soient cohérents avec un ensemble de quatre principes baptisé ROAM, d’après les sigles en anglais des droits de l’homme, de l’ouverture, de l’accès et de la participation multipartite.

L’UNESCO ne travaillera pas toute seule. Ce mandat exige la participation active de tous les acteurs, à commencer par les citoyens au niveau individuel capables de chercher, recevoir et répandre les informations. Conscients que l’éducation aux médias et à l’information est une compétence élémentaire à notre époque pour identifier le contenu pertinent et digne de foi, beaucoup d’Etats membres ont demandé à l’UNESCO de renforcer son action pour combattre les discours de haine, la radicalisation et l’extrémisme.

Les gouvernements ont également confirmé que la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse formaient une des bases du développement, sous toutes ses formes, et ont accueilli favorablement l’inclusion de ces questions dans le programme de développement pour 2030. En accord avec les résolutions prises au sein d’autres organisations des Nations Unies, les Etas membres ont en appelé à l’UNESCO pour qu’elle renforce son rôle de coordinateur dans le domaine de la sécurité des journalistes et la question de l’impunité.

Parce que l’information est un bien pour tous, l’UNESCO a également adopté une recommandation sur la préservation du patrimoine documentaire et son accès y compris sous forme numérique. Les archives et les bibliothèques publiques ou privées doivent faire face à de nombreux dangers : négligence, dépréciation et obsolescence technologique, catastrophes naturelles, conflits et attaques ciblées. Tous ces fléaux menacent, d’une façon ou d’une autre, la mémoire de l’humanité. On peut espérer qu’avec le temps cette recommandation atteigne le même niveau de reconnaissance que d’autres instruments de l’UNESCO sur le patrimoine qui ont déjà fait leurs preuves.
A partir de 2016, tous les pays commémoreront la « Journée internationale de l’accès universel à l’information » le 28 septembre. En instituant cette journée, l’UNESCO veut sensibiliser à l’importance du droit d’accès à l’information pour améliorer la vie des citoyens. Cette journée servira de catalyseur pour promouvoir des initiatives permettant d’étendre l’accès à l’information parmi les populations et les pays touchés par des fractures du savoir.

Le milliard de personnes handicapées est un des grands groupes le plus touché. En adoptant la Déclaration de New Delhi sur les TIC inclusives au service des personnes handicapées, l’UNESCO a affirmé sa volonté de favoriser leur participation dans l’emploi, l’éducation et la vie de la cité au sens large grâce aux nouvelles technologies. La philosophie de l’UNESCO est claire et simple : l’intégration n’est pas un fardeau, c’est un atout.
L’UNESCO va traduire toutes ces nouvelles initiatives en actions concrètes au cours des dix prochaines années. En accord avec l’ambitieux programme de 17 objectifs de développement durable adopté lors de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, l’UNESCO soutient qu’il ne peut y avoir de transformation durable au niveau économique, environnemental et social que si l’on permet à chaque citoyen de développer pleinement son potentiel en matière de communication et d’information.

Dans sa conclusion, le président des débats sur la communication et l’information, Dr Abdulla El Reyes, a déclaré à la Conférence générale : « Notre mission de construction de la paix au moyen du dialogue, de la communication et de l’information est un effort fragile et de tous les instants. C’est un travail essentiel pour l’humanité aujourd’hui et dans l’avenir. C’est le sens du travail que mène l’UNESCO au quotidien. »

Une formation des forces de sécurité de Côte d’Ivoire sur la liberté d’expression

Actualités - jeu, 19/11/2015 - 11:59

Cet atelier avait pour but de former les forces de sécurité sur la liberté d’expression, la liberté de la presse et l’ordre public en vue d'améliorer la sécurité des journalistes et les relations entre les forces de l’ordre et les professionnels des médias.

Au cours de cette formation dispensée par un expert de l’UNESCO, l’accent a été mis sur l’importance d’améliorer la communication entre les forces de sécurité et les journalistes en particulier durant des événements sources de tension (manifestations, émeutes civiles, procès etc).

L’atelier a permis de présenter la place de la liberté d’expression au sein des droits fondamentaux et le rôle essentiel des journalistes dans une démocratie. L’expert de l’UNESCO a aussi rappelé l’importance pour la police d’établir des rapports professionnels avec les journalistes afin de permettre à la police de créer et maintenir un sentiment de sécurité et de confiance au sein de la population, prévenir les crimes, faire arrêter les auteurs tout en faisant preuve de transparence. Il a aussi rappelé la responsabilité des forces de sécurité de protéger la sécurité journalistes et de la nécessité d’enquêter sur les cas de journalistes tués dans l’exercice de leur fonction.

« Cette formation nous a permis de comprendre que journalistes et policiers ont en fait le même objectif, à savoir maintenir la démocratie dans un Etat. Ce sont les méthodes qui diffèrent » a affirmé un des policiers présents à l’atelier.

Certains policiers, comme le commissaire principal de Divo Edson Kouane,  retiennent également que  « les journalistes et policiers doivent mieux se connaître pour mieux se comprendre et se tolérer ».

Les membres des forces de sécurité ivoiriennes qui ont participé à l’atelier étaient principalement des formateurs de la police nationale. Ils ont déclaré à l’issue de la formation vouloir restituer le contenu de la formation sur la liberté d’expression et les relations avec les médias dans leurs unités de base.

Les échanges entre policiers et journalistes, qui ont assisté à la dernière session de formation, ont été fructueux. Chaque groupe a pu mieux comprendre le travail de l’autre.

Les participants de l’atelier ont demandé le soutien du Bureau de l’UNESCO à Abidjan pour mettre en place une plateforme de communication entre les forces de sécurité et les journalistes.

Ce projet de formation des forces de sécurité sur la liberté d’expression a reçu un soutien du Royaume de Norvège.

Training for security forces in Côte d'Ivoire on freedom of expression

News - mer, 18/11/2015 - 17:03

The aim was to train the security forces on issues related to freedom of expression, press freedom, and public order with the aim of improving the safety of journalists, and the relations between the police and media professionals.

The training, which was conducted by an expert of UNESCO, focused on the importance of improving communication between security forces and journalists, especially during events likely to generate tensions (demonstrations, riots, trials etc.).

The special position of freedom of expression among fundamental rights and the essential role of journalists in a democracy were highlighted during the training. The UNESCO expert also emphasized the importance for police to establish a professional relationship with journalists, in order to help create and preserve a feeling of safety and trust within society, prevent crimes, and arrest perpetrators while being transparent. He also reiterated the responsibility of the security forces to protect the safety of journalists, and the need to investigate cases of journalists who were killed because of their profession.

“The training helped us to understand that journalists and police officers have the same aim, which is to preserve democracy in a country. It is only the methods that differ,” said one of the participating police officers.

According to the Chief Commissioner of Divo, Edson Kouana, “the journalists and police officers have to know each other better in order to understand and tolerate each other”.

The members of Côte d'Ivoire’s security forces who attended the training were mainly trainers of the national police. At the end of the training, they expressed their commitment to transferring the knowledge received on freedom of expression and relations with journalists to their respective units.

The exchange of expertise between the police officers and the journalists who attended the last session was very fruitful, and each group came to a better understanding of each other’s work.

Participants asked the UNESCO Office in Abidjan to assist in setting up a communication platform for exchanges between security forces and journalists.

This project on training security forces on freedom of expression received the support of the Kingdom of Norway.

UNESCO enhanced professional and accurate media reporting in times of elections in Skopje

News - mer, 18/11/2015 - 10:54

Around 80 participants gathered in Skopje, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, on 10 November 2015 at a conference entitled “Journalism Ethics and media values in a challenging environment and in times of elections”, organized by the Macedonian Institute for Media and the Council of Media Ethics, in cooperation with UNESCO and the Delegation of the European Union in Skopje.

"If elections belong to citizens then the media should make an additional effort in terms of representing the voters’ interests. They can do it in many ways, through surveys, debates, or through various online forms to promote the needs and opinions of the citizens," emphasized Martin Huckerby, an experienced journalist and editor in leading British media. Huckerby highlighted in his intervention the key duties of media during election process. Previous experiences, findings from the monitoring of media coverage and the influence of advertisers in the content of media during the past election processes in the country were among the topics on the conference’s agenda.

This brought the discussion to the question of media ethics and professional standards in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Representatives of the new self-regulatory body in the country, the Council of Media Ethics, presented the most typical violations of professional standards in the media and in particular the issue of non-balanced reporting. The President of the Complaints Commission of the Council, Mirce Adamcevski focused on media self-regulation and its future prospects. "Nearly a third out of the 50 complaints we received so far are related to hate speech, incitement to violence and discrimination on various grounds. There are also many complaints about the publication of unverified information without consulting two or more sources, breach of privacy rights, mingling facts and opinions, news and comments," noted Adamcevski.

Enes Osmanchevic, representative of the Press Council in Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighted the key challenges in the defense of professional and ethical journalism on the Internet and the role of self-regulatory mechanisms. According to him,hate speech has become one of the biggest challenges for online media in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region.

Opened by Ambassador Aivo Orav, Head of the EU delegation in Skopje together with Marina Tuneva the Executive Director of the Council of Media Ethics of Macedonia and Vesna Nikodinoska from the Macedonian Institute for Media, the event was attended by representatives of electronic, print and online media, civil society organizations from the media sector, regulatory bodies, government institutions and international organizations.
To promote fair, safe and professional media election coverage, UNESCO supports full, fair and efficient disclosure of information to journalists covering elections and encourages professional election reporting through voluntary mechanisms such as codes of conduct, professional guidelines and self-regulatory bodies.

The national conference was the final activity of the project "Media Accountability in South East Europe and Tukey", which was implemented since 2013 by UNESCO together with the Macedonian Institute for Media as regional partner, with financial support of the European Union.

UNESCO upgrades its global toolkit for the digital world

News - mar, 17/11/2015 - 17:31

During debate at its 38th General Conference, UNESCO addressed pressing questions for the contemporary citizens. How do I retrieve the memories of my family when their media of record is obsolete? How am I ensured that my personal information remains protected? Is my government equipped to offer me comprehensive online services? Are journalists protected enough? How can young people develop the critical thinking that will help them navigate the web without falling prey to radicalization? Can we make the Internet an open, global and safe space for every one?

We live in knowledge societies, where communication and information has become ubiquitous and integral to everything we do. These realities must drive policies and toolsets of the 21st century.

We are developing towards knowledge societies, where digital divides are changing, and communication and information is becoming ubiquitous and integral to everything we do. Policies and toolsets must be tailored to these realities of the 21st century.

Gathering 195 Member States, UNESCO deliberated on these and other issues and adopted resolutions, which will have echoes for governments and ordinary women and men around the world.

Following the two-year global consultation process that led to the groundbreaking CONNECTing the Dots conference on Internet-related issues, UNESCO now has a consensual support to work in the four areas of (1) Access to Knowledge and Information (2) Freedom of Expression, (3) Privacy, and the (4) Ethical dimensions of the Information Society.

The General Conference also adopted the Internet Universality principle to ground future online developments in a coherent set of four principles that have come to be known as ROAM, an acronym stands for Human Rights, Openness, Access and Multi-stakeholder participation.

UNESCO will not work alone. This mandate requires the active participation of all stakeholders, starting with individual citizens enabled to seek, receive and impart information. Recognizing Media and Information Literacy as a mainstream competence of our age to identify relevant and credible content, many Member States urged UNESCO to increase its work to address the challenges of countering hate speech, radicalization and violent extremism.

Governments confirmed also that freedom of expression and press freedom are a bedrock for development in all its forms and welcomed the inclusion of these concerns in the 2030 Development Agenda. In line with resolutions across UN bodies, the Member States called upon UNESCO to continue strengthening its leadership on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.

Because information is for all, UNESCO also adopted a “Recommendation on preservation and access to documentary heritage including in digital form.” Archives and libraries public or private are faced with multiple threats: negligence, technological obsolescence and commoditization, natural disasters, conflicts and targeted attacks. Each in their own way, they endanger the memory of humankind. The hope is that, with time, it reaches the same levels of recognition as other more established UNESCO instruments on heritage.

From 2016 onwards, each country will celebrate 28th September will celebrate as the “International Day for the Universal Access to Information.” By proclaiming this observance, UNESCO seeks to raise awareness on how important the right to access information is to improve people’s lives. It will help catalyze initiatives to expand information access in population groups and in countries that remain affected by knowledge divides.

One large group affected is the 1 billion persons with disabilities. By endorsing The New Delhi Declaration on Inclusive ICTs for Persons with Disabilities, UNESCO asserted its ambition to facilitate their participation in employment, education and more through enabling technologies. UNESCO’s philosophy is clear and simple: inclusion is not a burden; it is an asset.

UNESCO will translate all these new initiatives into concrete action by in the years to come. In the footsteps of the UN General Assembly’s adoption of a new ambitious agenda of 17 Sustainable Development Goals, UNESCO holds that no economic, environmental and social transformation can be sustainable without bringing the full potential of communication and information to everyone.

In his concluding remarks, the Chair presiding over the debate on Communication and Information, Dr Abdulla El Reyes, told the General Conference: “Our mission to build peace through the means of dialogue, of communication and information, is a fragile and ongoing effort. It is essential work for humankind in the present and in the future. This is the meaning of the work that UNESCO carries through on a daily basis.”

UNESCO Internet Freedom Series Publications launched at 10th IGF

News - mar, 17/11/2015 - 17:15

Six editions of UNESCO’s flagship series publications on fostering Internet freedom were launched and presented at the 10th Internet Governance Forum (IGF), 12th November. All editions are available online, with 700 hard copies of the publications distributed at the Forum.

The launch, chaired by Mr Guilherme Canela and attended by 40 participants, began with a short presentation by Ms Xianhong Hu. She said UNESCO had started in 2009 to commission this series in order to capture the complex dynamics of Internet governance and provide in-depth analysis and recommendations to its Member States and other stakeholders.

The objective of the studies is to help to create an enabling environment for freedom of expression online and offline. To date, the series has tackled a wide range of issues ranging from online freedom of expression, privacy, and digital safety through to intermediaries’ limited liability and Internet governance declarations. All these studies have also contributed to UNESCO’s comprehensive study “Keystones to Foster Inclusive Knowledge Societies: Access to information and knowledge, Freedom of Expression, Privacy and Ethics on a Global Internet” as mandated by Resolution 37 of the UNESCO General Conference.

The concrete titles include:

Panelists including some of the authors commented that this series is of great value to a wide range of stakeholders including governments, private sector, civil society and academia. The UNESCO series was highly appreciated for taking an inclusive multi-stakeholder approach and for serving as a bridge to exchange views between civil society and governments. 

Ms Hu also informed about editions in process about on source protection of journalists in the digital age, and about balancing privacy and transparency. These will be completed and launched in coming months.  

Libyan journalists tackle the challenge of widespread impunity

News - mar, 17/11/2015 - 16:53

This was the outcome of one-day roundtable facilitated by UNESCO Tripoli Office and the Regional Bureau of Reporters Sans Frontières,  and in the presence of other concerned media partners.

Discussions focused on the urgent need to have all Libyan journalists come together around conflict-sensitive strategies that take into account the specific country context.  All participants drew attention to the fact that journalists are being silenced at the very time the provision of accurate and impartial information is badly needed by the public who are facing critical decisions about their country’s future.  

“We all are aware that collecting and transmitting information is very important in times of crises. If allowed to work professionally, journalists can make a vital contribution to enhance the peace and reconciliation process in Libya”, stated Ambassador Ronald Sturm of Austria. “However, we are increasingly faced with a culture of impunity that endangers professional journalism.”

Michael Croft, UNESCO Representative to Libya, stated that, “Impunity on this scale can reinforce a sense of powerlessness among media professionals, but it is important to understand that the means to respond remains very much in their hands.” He added that, “Recent events in the country suggest impunity is becoming ingrained and international partners must make clear that this is unacceptable.  The best way to do this by working in concert to enhance the resilience of Libyan media professionals.”

Ali Algemati, a journalist from Libya TV, highlighted three steps he believes necessary to curb abuses against journalists: "First, to assist journalists to practice their profession ethically and objectively so as not to increase their exposure to unnecessary risk. Second, for national authorities to uphold their responsibility to ensure public order.  Finally, for UNESCO and other partners to elaborate the outcomes of the recent meetings in Madrid and develop models of best practice that can be used by all journalists."

Malik Stitah, a journalist from Derna, said that it is important that the issue of impunity is being raised while the priorities of the new government are discussed.  He called on UNESCO and other international partners “to do their utmost to ensure the impunity issue in Libya remains in the spotlight as an urgent issue to be addressed by all responsible parties”.   

This activity is undertaken by UNESCO Tripoli Project Office in partnership with Reporters San Frontières, and made possible with the support of the Austrian Embassy and the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.  It is part of the Organization’s efforts to reinforce the capacity of Libyan media to contribute to reconciliation and peace in the country as well as to promote freedom of expression and independent media.

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UNESCO launched its comprehensive study Keystones to Foster Inclusive Knowledge Societies at the 10th IGF

News - mar, 17/11/2015 - 16:34

UNESCO took the occasion to launch its comprehensive Internet Study titled “Keystones to Foster Inclusive Knowledge Societies:  Access to information and knowledge, Freedom of Expression, Privacy and Ethics on a Global Internet”, as mandated by its 37th General Conference Resolution 52 in 2013.

The Open Forum, chaired by Ms Lidia Brito, UNESCO Director for Montvideo Office, was kicked off by a short presentation on the Study by Ms Xianhong Hu. She explained that the CONNECTing-the-dots conference had enabled the study to be finalised, and that its Outcome Document was mirrored in the study’s options for the way forward.

This major global study explores global perspectives on the new and emerging trends that are shaping the Internet space. Among the options for future action by UNESCO is support for the Internet Universality principles that promote a Human Rights-based, Open Internet, which is Accessible to all and characterized by Multi-stakeholder participation (R.O.A.M).

Ms Hu informed that the Study is being validated by UNESCO Member States, and that the Communication and Information Commission of the ongoing 38th General Conference of UNESCO, had recommended the Internet Study and the options for endorsement by the full 195 Member States next week.

Panelists acknowledged the significance of the study in promoting a comprehensive and inclusive approach to envision four key stones of access, freedom of expression, privacy and ethics for building knowledge society.

They said that UNESCO was highly expected by stakeholders to use its institutional power to move forward on multi-stakeholderism, and to play a role of a trust broker so as to promote dialogue and harmonize different values and frameworks on Internet governance.

Participants also suggested a list of emerging issues for UNESCO to consider actions for future such as network neutrality, algorithms and encryption and how these impact fundamental human rights. 

Director-General condemns killing of journalist Zaman Mehsud in Pakistan

News - mar, 17/11/2015 - 11:37

“I condemn the murder of Zaman Mehsud,” said the Director-General. “I look forward to a full investigation of his killing. We should not let violence muzzle the media and deprive the public of news and information.”

Zaman Mehsud worked with the Urdu language Daily Ummat and the SANA news agency, as well as running the Gomel News blog. He was president and secretary general of the South Waziristan chapter of the Tribal Union of Journalists and served as a monitor for the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.


Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at), +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”




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