Agrégateur de flux

La Alianza exige una firme agenda mundial sobre género y medios

Noticias - jeu, 27/11/2014 - 09:17

“No podemos hablar de igualdad, buen gobierno, libertad de expresión y sostenibilidad cuando las mujeres son silenciadas en los medios y cuando se utiliza a las nuevas tecnologías para socavar los derechos humanos de las mujeres y las periodistas”, enfatizaron los miembros del Comité Orientador Internacional de GAMAG, una red que reúne a más de 500 organizaciones, sindicatos y redes de los medios de comunicación y de la sociedad civil.

La primera reunión del comité orientador de GAMAG (GAMAG-ISC por sus siglas en inglés) tuvo lugar en Ginebra del 4 al 5 de noviembre con el auspicio de UNESCO. El grupo declaró que el derecho a la comunicación, el acceso a la información y el acceso a las TIC es parte integral del desarrollo sostenible. Según esta agrupación, “este asunto se ha pasado por alto por completo en los diecisiete ODS y los 169 objetivos que se están desarrollando para reemplazar a los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en 2015.”

Según el monitoreo mundial llevado a cabo por la WACC (World Association for Christian Communication) tan solo un 24% de las fuentes para las noticias son mujeres. Un estudio global de la IWMF (International Women’s Media Foundation) muestra que sólo 36% de los periodistas son mujeres y ellas representan sólo un cuarto de las personas en puestos de toma de decisión. Una variedad de estudios muestra una creciente brecha de género en acceso y propiedad de TIC. Los nuevos medios también atizan nuevas formas  de violencia contra las mujeres y las niñas, tales como acosarles,  embaucarles y fomentar  la trata de personas.

Organizaciones como el Comité para la Protección de los Periodistas (CPJ por sus siglas en inglés) y Reporteros Sin Fronteras han documentado ampliamente las amenazas y la violencia contra trabajadores de los medios, especialmente los ataques mortíferos. Sin embargo, ningún grupo reúne datos sobre las amenazas contra la seguridad de las mujeres periodistas, y los ataques contra mujeres que trabajan en los medios son reportados de forma anecdótica y esporádica por las organizaciones internacionales de apoyo a los medios, si reportados..

GAMAG propone incluír las siguientes disposiciones en los ODS:

  • La participación de las mujeres de forma efectiva, en igualdad de condiciones y libres de violencia en todas las áreas de toma de decisión y durante el ejercicio de sus tareas en los medios.
  • Igualdad de acceso de las mujeres a las TIC y a sus beneficios.
  • Derecho a la seguridad e integridad física en la esfera pública digitalizada.
  • Representación justa y equilibrada de los géneros en los medios, incluyendo en el plano laboral.
  • Cobertura ética, justa y con perspectiva de derechos humanos sobre la violencias contras las mujeres y las niñas.
  • El género en políticas y planes de formación sobre medios y TIC
  • Educación, formación y campañas de alfabetización sobre género y medios.

La Alianza, que fue inaugurada durante la Conferencia sobre Género y Medios en Bangkok en diciembre 2013, busca potenciar nuevas oportunidades, y enfrentar los nuevos desafíos para la igualdad de género y el empoderamiento de las mujeres dentro y por medio de los medios en el contexto de la sociedad del saber que ha transformado radicalmente las estructuras mediáticas.

GAMAG-ISC manifiesta su preocupación por la extrema lentitud en los avances hacia un entorno mediático que apoye y promueva la igualdad de género y los objetivos de derechos de las mujeres. Para acelerar los procesos de cambio, la Alianza se propone amplificar y dar visibilidad a iniciativas clave sobre género y medios a nivel regional y global. Además, GAMAG tomará medidas para asegurar que el derecho de las mujeres a la comunicación gane prominencia en las revisiones de los eventos Beijing+20, debates post-2015 y la Cumbre Mundial de Desarrollo Social (WSIS)+10 que están en marcha actualmente.

Las prioridades identificadas por GAMAG son:

  • El empoderamiento de las mujeres y la igualdad de género en los medios, para asegurar una mejor representación de las mujeres en niveles ejecutivos de los medios
  • Accción para proteger a las mujeres periodistas de abusos y violencia en Internet o fuera de Internet. Ésto incluirá la creación de una sólida base de datos sobre violencia contra las mujeres en los medios.
  • Refuerzo de  investigaciones, políticas y buenas prácticas para los contenidos y la praxis mediática sensible a las cuestiones de género. Desarrollo de guías del buen periodismo.Avance en la investigación sobre las mujeres en los medios.
  • El ISC acordó mecanismos de trabajo, incluyendo sub-comités regionales y temáticos: Juventud; Investigación; Capacitación y Formación; Advocacy, Comunicaciones, Campañas, Contenidos y Desarrollo; Políticas y Prácticas de los Medios y las TIC.

Para más información (en inglés)

L’Alliance exige une forte initiative mondiale pour l’égalité de genres et les médias

Actualités - jeu, 27/11/2014 - 09:10

« Nous ne pouvons pas parler d’égalité, de bonne gouvernance, de liberté d’expression ou encore de gestion durable alors que l’on fait taire des femmes dans et par le biais des médias et que les nouvelles technologies sont utilisées pour nuire aux droits des femmes et des journalistes femmes », a remarqué le Comité de pilotage (ISC) de l’AMGM, un réseau global de 500 organismes de médias et de développement des médias, d’associations et de sociétés civiles.

Le Comité de pilotage de l’AMGM, qui s’est réuni pour la première fois les 4 et 5 novembre 2014 à Genève sous l’égide de l’UNESCO et de l’ISESCO, a déclaré que le droit à la communication, l’accès à l’information et aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) fait partie intégrante du développement durable. Selon l’AMGM, « il est frappant de voir à quel point ce sujet est absent des 17 objectifs de développement durable et des 169 objectifs qui remplaceront les objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) l’année prochaine.»

Des recherches de l’Association mondiale pour la communication chrétienne (WACC) constatent que les femmes sont à la source d’à peine 24% des contenus médiatiques. Une étude mondiale de la Fondation internationale des femmes dans les médias (IWMF) montre que les femmes représentent seulement 36% des reporters et 1/4 des décideurs dans les médias. Plusieurs études révèlent un écart croissant entre les hommes et les femmes propriétaires ou usagers des TIC. En outre, les nouveaux médias nourrissent de nouvelles formes de violence envers les femmes et les jeunes filles, tels que le harcèlement, l’abus de faiblesse, et le trafic d’êtres humains.

Les menaces et violences contre les professionnels des médias, notamment les attaques mortelles, sont en général bien documentées par des organisations telles que l’Organisation mondiale des journaux (WAN-IFRA), la Fédération internationale des journalistes (FIJ), le Comité pour la protection des journalistes (CPJ) et Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). Cependant, aucun groupe n’enregistre les données relatives aux menaces de sécurité des journalistes femmes à l’échelle mondiale. Les signalements des attaques contre les femmes travaillant dans les médias restent au mieux anecdotiques.

Les points que l’AMGM veut ancrer dans les SDG comprennent :

  • La participation égale et effective des femmes ainsi que la non-violence à leur égard, dans tous les domaines de la pratique et la gestion des médias.
  • Un accès égal aux avantages des TIC dans les médias pour les femmes.
  • Le droit à la sécurité et l’intégrité physique dans l’espace publique numériquement médiatisé.
  • Une représentation juste et équilibrée des genres et des femmes dans les médias, en ce qui concerne le contenu et la portée de ces représentations.
  • Une couverture médiatique sensible et adéquate de la violence contre les femmes et les jeunes filles et qui soit axée sur le respect de leurs droits.
  • Le respect de l’égalité des chances entre femmes et hommes dans les médias, les politiques des TIC et les cursus éducatifs.
  • Des formations et campagnes sur le genre, les médias et la maîtrise de l’information.

Fondée après une conférence majeure sur le genre et les médias tenue par l’UNESCO et ses partenaires à Bangkok en décembre 2013, l’AMGM cherche à exploiter les nouvelles opportunités mais aussi à aborder les défis liés à l’égalité des genres et l’autonomisation des femmes dans et par les médias, dont l’architecture a radicalement changé dans le contexte des sociétésdu savoir.

L’AMGM-ISC se préoccupe du fait que le progrès vers des médias qui soutiennent l’égalité des genres et les droits des femmes reste douloureusement lent. L’AMGM donnera plus d’ampleur et de visibilité aux initiatives régionales et mondiales sur le genre et les médias afin d’accélérer le changement. En outre, l’AMGM s’engage pour que le droit des femmes à la communication gagne de l’importance dans l’évaluation actuelle des objectifs « Bejing+20 », dans les débats sur l’agenda du développement post-2015 et le Sommet pour la société de l’information (WSIS+10).

Les priorités identifiées par l’AMGM comprennent :

  • L’autonomisation des femmes et l’égalité des genres dans et par les médias pour une meilleure représentation des femmes dans les instances de direction des médias.
  • Une meilleure protection contre la violence et l’abus des journalistes femmes en et hors ligne. Cela implique l’assemblage d’une base de données solide sur la violence contre les femmes dans les médias.
  • Renforcer la recherche, les dispositifs politiques et les meilleures pratiques pour des contenus et des pratiques médiatiques sensibles à la question du genre. Développer des directives d’un bon journalisme.
  • Rassembler et partager les mesures politiques, les contenus et les bonnes pratiques qui font avancer l’égalité des genres dans et par les médias et les TIC.
  • Promouvoir la recherche sur les femmes dans les médias.

L’ISC s’est mis d’accord sur son fonctionnement, y compris sur les sous-comités thématiques ou régionaux : jeunesse, recherche, renforcement des capacités et formation, plaidoyer politique, communication, campagnes et relations externes, médias, politiques TIC, contenu et pratique.

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter :

Alliance calls for strong global gender and media agenda

News - jeu, 27/11/2014 - 09:00

“We cannot talk about equality, good governance, freedom of expression and sustainability when women are effectively silenced in and through the media, and where new technologies are used to undermine the human rights of women and women journalists,” noted the International Steering Committee (ISC) of GAMAG, a network of 500 media and media development, unions and civil society organisations across the globe.

The GAMAG-ISC, which held its first meeting in Geneva from 4-5 November 2014 under the auspices of UNESCO and ISESCO, said the right to communicate; access to information, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is integral to sustainable development. Currently, GAMAG said, “this issue is glaringly missing from the seventeen SDG’s and the 169 targets that will replace the Millennium Development Goals next year.”

Research conducted by the World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) shows that women constitute a mere 24% of news sources. A global study by the International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF) shows that women only constitute 36% of reporters and a quarter of media decision-makers. A range of studies shows a growing gender gap in access to, and ownership of ICTs. New media is also fuelling new forms of violence against women and girls ranging from stalking and trolling to human trafficking.

Threats and violence against media workers in general are well-documented, especially with regard to deadly attacks, by organisations like the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA), the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). But there is no group collecting data on security threats to women journalists globally. Attacks against female media workers are only reported anecdotally, if at all, by international media support organisations.

Provisions that GAMAG wants included in the SDG’s include:

  • Women’s equal and effective participation and freedom from violence in all areas of media decision-making and practice.
  • Women’s equal access to media ICTs and their benefits.
  • The right to safety and bodily integrity in the digitally mediated public sphere.
  • Fair and balanced gender portrayal and occupational representation of women in the media.
  • Sensitive, fair and rights-based coverage of violence against women and girls.
  • Mainstreaming of gender in media and ICT policy and training curricula.
  • Gender, media and information literacy training, education and campaigns.   

Launched after a watershed UNESCO and partners-led conference on gender and the media in Bangkok in December 2013, GAMAG seeks to harness new opportunities, and address new challenges, for gender equality and women's empowerment in and through media in a knowledge society context which has radically transformed media architectures.

The GAMAG-ISC is concerned that progress towards media that support gender equality and women’s rights objectives remains painfully slow. GAMAG will amplify and give visibility to existing key regional and global initiatives on gender and media to hasten the pace of change. Further, GAMAG will take action to ensure that women’s communication rights gain prominence in on-going Beijing+20 review events, the post-2015 debates and the World Summit for the Information Society (WSIS)+10.

Priority actions identified by GAMAG include: 

  • Advocacy on women’s empowerment and gender equality in the media and through media to ensure better representation of women in the board rooms and behind editors’ desks.
  • Acting to better protect women journalists on and offline and on the frontline from violence and abuse. This will include gathering a solid foundation of data on violence against women in the media.
  • Developing and curating research, policies and best practices, as well as reporting guidelines for promoting gender responsive and aware media content and practice.
  • Gathering and sharing policies, content and good practices that advance gender equality in and through the media and ICTs.
  • Furthering research on women in the media.

The ISC agreed on working mechanisms, including regional and theme sub-committees on Youth; Research; Capacity Building and Training; Advocacy, Communications, Campaigning and Outreach; Media, ICT Policies, Content and Practice.

For further information please contact:

Strong consensus on the safety of journalists at the IPDC Council

News - mer, 26/11/2014 - 10:46

The 39-member Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development for Communication (IPDC ) has emerged in recent years as  a laboratory of ideas on journalists’ safety. As highlighted by Mr Getachew Engida, Deputy Director-General of UNESCO to Council, the IPDC is also the birthplace of the landmark UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.

At its 29th Session on 21 November in Paris, the Council welcomed the fourth Director-General’s Report on the Safety of Journalists and the Danger of Impunity which tracks the status of judicial inquiries of killings of journalists, media workers, and social media producers who are engaged in journalistic activities and who are killed or targeted in their line of duty, as condemned by the Director-Genera

The Council’s Decision on the report urged “all Member States to encourage the inclusion of freedom of expression and its corollary press freedom in the post-2015 sustainable development goals, in particular the safety of journalists and issue of impunity as a key gateway to achieving Goal 16 which seeks to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development and access to justice for all through achieving a reduction in violence and crime”.

However, the Council also noted with regret that, in two-thirds of the cases in which journalists have been killed, no information has been submitted to the Director-General despite requests to the Member States concerned to voluntarily provide updates.

According to the Report, no information was provided on 382 out of 593 cases of killings of journalists which happened between 2006 and 2013.

The IPDC decision urges Member States to promote the safety of journalists by taking advantage of the knowledge, experiences and opportunities available through participation in the UN Plan of Action. It notes that the Plan encourages “the development of national processes and mechanisms involving all stakeholders to achieve an environment for the safe exercise of free expression”.

The newly adopted Decision further acknowledged the research report “World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development” from 2014 by UNESCO and in particular Chapter 4 on Safety. It welcomed “the continuation of such research as a UNESCO knowledge resource for governments, media, academia, international community and civil society”.

The support for journalists’ safety by Member States on the IPDC Council is being echoed at the UN General Assembly where its Third Committee has also renewed its commitment on the issues by adopting a new Resolution on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity at its 69th session. This Resolution, which has still to go to the General Assembly,  calls on all stake holders to cooperate with UNESCO and to active exchange information to support the implementation of the UN Plan of Action to improve safety of journalists and to end impunity.

UNESCO Deputy Director-General acknowledges Valeri Nikolski for his outstanding contribution to IPDC

News - mar, 25/11/2014 - 17:01
The Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) took the opportunity during its 29th session to congratulate Valeri Nikolski for his outstanding contribution to the Programme as he prepares to retire from the Organization at the end of November.

Do media matter in the post-2015 development agenda?

News - mar, 25/11/2014 - 09:20

The 39 Member States on the IPDC Council were responding to a brief on how the IPDC Secretariat helped to mobilize international advocacy for the inclusion of free, independent and pluralistic media in any development agenda that postdates the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs have so far provided what is regarded as a universal framework for assessing the progress of nations in eradicating poverty, eliminating gender equality and providing affordable education for all, among other things.

The briefing, contained in a status update report, highlights the media-related gaps in the outcome document of the UN Open Working Group which had been tasked to collect and collate testimonies from various development actors, including UN Member States, on possible goals, targets and indicators of sustainable development.

Building on Resolution 64 of the UNESCO General Conference in November 2013, the report appealed to the IPDC members to “constantly and consistently advocate for the inclusion of free, independent and pluralistic media as a key target and indicator of sustainable development”, particularly as the outcome document now moves into the arena of domestic and UN General Assembly discussions.

In particular, the report pointed to the IPDC’s track record in producing and contributing evidence-based insights to the ongoing consultations on the post-2015 development agenda, and argued that the Programme’s “focus on knowledge is paving way for the international media development community to become more visible to the key architects of international development policies, and thus enrich the mainstream sustainable development debate”.

After debating the report, the IPDC Council agreed on a decision that expressed disappointment with the fact that “media and freedom of expression are not at the heart of the future development agenda but only in the periphery”. The Council urged Member States to ensure that freedom of expression, free, independent and pluralistic media, and media development are integrated into the universal Post-2015 Development Agenda.

IPDC elects first ever woman Chair

News - jeu, 20/11/2014 - 16:25

The Council of the International Programme for Development of Communication (IPDC) also elected a woman Rapporteur, Ms Diana Heymann-Adu (Ghana), a senior lecturer from the Ghana Institute of Journalism.

Council members also nominated Algeria, Bangladesh and Peru for the three IPDC Bureau Vice-Chair positions, as well as Denmark, Niger and Poland for the three Bureau regular membership seats.

The changes were made at the 29th IPDC Council session on 20 November at UNESCO HQ (Paris, France). The Member States of the Council thanked the outgoing Chair, Mr Jyrki Pulkkinen (Finland), who led the IPDC for the last two years, for his commitment to the Programme and his successful chairmanship.

IPDC was set up in 1980 as the only intergovernmental programme in the UN system mandated to mobilize international support in order to contribute to sustainable development, democracy and good governance by strengthening the capacities of free and independent media. Since its creation, IPDC has channeled about US$ 105 million to over 1,700 media development projects in some 140 countries.

IPDC’s Council is composed of 39 Member States elected by UNESCO’s General Conference. It meets once every two years to reflect on the latest trends in the media development field and give direction to the Programme. The Bureau of eight Member States meets once a year and allocates support to grassroots media projects around the world.

L’UNESCO lance une nouvelle publication sur le maintien de l’ordre et la liberté d’expression

Actualités - jeu, 20/11/2014 - 10:40

Le manuel pédagogique a été lancé en présence de l’ambassadeur du Royaume des Pays-Bas en Tunisie, Monsieur Hans van Vloten Dissevelt et le Chargé de projet, Monsieur Samir Marmouri. Ce manuel représente une référence en matière de réforme du secteur de la sécurité sur les droits de l’homme, la liberté d’expression et la sécurité des journalistes.

La conférence régionale a permis aux professionnels des médias et représentants de la société civile de la région d’Afrique du Nord (Mauritanie, Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie et Libye) de découvrir le manuel et les différents aspects du projet de formation des forces de sécurité sur la liberté d’expression.

Ce projet, le premier de ce genre dans le monde arabe, est organisé avec le Ministère de l’intérieur de la Tunisie. Il a pour objectif d’améliorer les relations entre forces de sécurité et les journalistes, ce qui est particulièrement important en période de transition démocratique.

Le cycle de formations pour l’année 2014 a débuté en mai à Tunis dans trois lieux : l’Ecole national de formation des cadres de la sûreté et de la police nationale de Salambo, le Centre national de formation continue de la sûreté nationale de Carthage Byrsa, et le Centre de formation de la sûreté nationale de Tunis à Bouchoucha.

Ces formations ont été aussi organisées en septembre et octobre 2014 dans quatre régions en Tunisie : Kairouan, Sfax, Zarzis et le Kef. Chaque formation implique des sessions communes avec des officiers des forces de sécurité et des journalistes tunisiens.

Le projet de  « formations de forces de sécurité sur la liberté d’expression, la liberté de la presse et la sécurité des journalistes » est soutenu par l’ambassade du Royaume Pays-Bas en Tunisie.

>> Pour télécharger le manuel en français cliquez ici.

UNESCO’s Information for All Programme contributes to the successful outcome of an international conference on electronic governance

News - mer, 19/11/2014 - 13:33

With a theme of ‘The Rise of Data Post-2015 – Empowered Citizens, Accountable Institutions”, the event generated considerable interest amongst governments, academics and practitioners attracting papers from 330 authors from 50 countries as well as hundreds of attendees. The conference was structured around daily plenary sessions, six thematic parallel tracks which ran over three-days as well as 8 thematic and 13 invited sessions.

The conference’s outputs will be distributed by UNU-EGOV to inform the preparation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda being developed under the leadership of the United Nation System.

UNESCO/IFAP’s contribution to the event comprised co-organization and co-chairing of the conference track on “Ethics, Accountability and Transparency”, as well as two UNESCO-sponsored sessions. The Ethics, Accountability and Transparency Track included tutorials, presentations of national experiences from Portugal as well as academic and practitioner papers which highlighted experiences from developed and developing countries. The first UNESCO-sponsored session “Ethical Challenges of the Information Society” presented work being undertaken to develop an Information Ethics Training Kit for policy makers that builds on activities in the framework of the WSIS C10 Action Line “Ethical Dimensions of the Information Society”. The session provided an opportunity to conduct a tutorial for policy-makers and receive feedback on the Training Kit. The second UNESCO-sponsored session, “Building Knowledge Societies: Lessons from the Mekong River”, brought together senior government officials from Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam to share experiences on national strategies, lessons and achievements towards equitable and inclusive knowledge-based development.

The ICEGOV2014 event represented the 4th step in the UNESCO/IFAP – UNU collaboration that begun last year. This collaboration commenced in July 2013 with the organizing of a one-week Executive Training on Foundations of Government Information Leadership in Kampala, Uganda for senior policy makers from Burundi, Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda. In November 2013, a similar event was held in Yangon, Myanmar, attracting policy makers from Mongolia and Myanmar. During the ICEGOV2013 organized in Seoul, Korea in October 2013, UNESCO/IFAP co-organized several sessions including a Town Hall-style plenary debate on Building Knowledge Societies.

ICEGOV2014 also provided opportunities for Mr. Paul Hector, UNESCO Programme Specialist with responsibility for IFAP’s overall operations worldwide, to explore opportunities for collaboration with a variety of participants working in the IFAP priorities areas. According to Mr. Hector, “ICEGOV was an excellent opportunity to meet with a number of new potential partners working on many of the policy, programmatic and technical issues central to building knowledge societies. I was able to share and explore areas of complementary activity particularly around accessibility, multilingualism and information ethics”.

Speaking about the prospects for UNESCO/IFAP - UNU-EGOV cooperation, “As further concrete steps we are exploring engagement of UNESCO/IFAP at ICEGOV2015 in Tunis and how to incorporate the UNESCO/IFAP Information Ethics Training Kit and other courses into our Government Chief Information Officer training”, said Dr. Tomasz Janowski, Head of the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance and Coordinator of ICEGOV.

The intergovernmental Information for All Programme was established in 2001. It provides a platform for international policy discussions, cooperation and the development of guidelines for action in the area of access to information and knowledge. The Programme supports Member States to develop and implement national information policy and strategy frameworks.

UNESCO launches a manual on freedom of expression and public order

News - mer, 19/11/2014 - 11:52

The manual aims to give members of the security forces the tools that would enable them to both accomplish maintenance of order in compliance with human rights, and interact in a professional manner with journalists while guaranteeing their security.

At the regional celebration of the International Day, civil society representatives and media professionals coming from North African countries - Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya - discovered the new manual, which is a reference in terms of security sector reform, specifically regarding human rights, freedom of expression and security of journalists.

The project under which the manual has been produced is the first of its kind in the Arab world. Implemented in cooperation with the Tunisian Ministry of Interior Affairs and funded by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Tunisia, it aims at improving the relations between members of security forces and journalists, which is crucial during periods of democratic transition. The ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Tunisia, Hans van Vloten Dissevelt, attended the launch event.

The training workshops were conducted this year at three locations in Tunis: The National Training School for managers of safety and National Police in Salambo, the National Center for Lifelong Education of the National Security in Carthage Birsa, and the Training Centre for National Security in Tunis Bouchoucha. They were also held in four other regions of Tunisia: Kairouan, Sfax, Zarzis and Kef. All trainings included sessions attended by both members of security forces and journalists.

The Manual on freedom of expression and public order is currently available in French. English and Arabic versions are under preparation and will be released soon.

>> To download the manual in French please click here.

 

Media and information literacy training for religious leaders and dialogue practitioners

News - mar, 18/11/2014 - 17:00

As a first step for dialogue, people should have an accurate understanding of different religious communities and beliefs—and their preconceptions about these are shaped in large part by the media and information – offline or online. This requires:

  • Those who promote dialogue therefore should strengthen the way they engage with the media and online, in order to promote more accurate information.
  • Those who consume news and information must be media and information savvy—they should understand media and information dynamics and reflect on the way that representations affect their perceptions.

Two different training courses will be offered in each of two cities, Nairobi, Kenya from 15-18 November 2014 and New Delhi, India from 22 – 25 November 2014. More than 80 religious leaders and interreligious dialogue practitioners will take part.

The key local partners are the Global Network of Religions for Children in Nairobi, Kenya and Sarv Dharma Sansad in New Delhi, India. T

One of the courses is titled, “Media Wise: Empowering Responsible Religious Leadership in the Digital Age”.  It is based on an adaptation of the UNESCO Media and Information Literacy Curriculum. UNESCO is partnering with KAICIID to pilot this new curriculum.  

Religious leaders are consumers and transmitters of information. This curriculum was tailored by KAICIID and UNESCO, enabling religious leaders to: understand the news media; assess how news and information shape perceptions about religions and cultures; find quality information; and address misinformation when they see it.

The  second course is titled, “Speak Up: Social Media and Communications Training for Interreligious Dialogue Practitioners”. Too often, messages of positive action and peace are drowned by narratives of violence and breaking news about conflicts conducted in the name of religion. This course will help dialogue practitioners to use social media channels and to engage with journalists to tell their stories of peace.

KAICIID partners will work to monitor their progress and development over the next six months. Evaluations from trainees and trainers will help to shape and enrich the final curricula and training courses.

“KAICIID is delighted to announce its engagement in the all-important field of media,” said Faisal Bin Muaammar, KAICIID Secretary General. “Religious leaders and dialogue practitioners should be empowered to use media with skill and savvy, and speak out for peace. Two KAICIID products seeking to support this change are being field tested next month. KAICIID hopes in the near future to offer these trainings around the world.”

KAICIID is piloting two training curricula that will address media engagement in two ways.

Globalization and technological innovations have changed the media landscape and the way we interact with the media. Social media platforms offer every person the opportunity to broadcast their messages to the world. The Internet allows ever more people to connect in new ways, and provides a tremendous opportunity for dialogue. At the same time, it makes it easier for misinformation and even hate speech to be broadcast and shared. KAICIID seeks to bolster more accurate representations of all faiths by building the skills of the key players in interreligious dialogue: religious leaders and dialogue practitioners.

As has been noted by the Irina Bokova, Director-General, UNESCO - “…We need greater media and information literacy, to ensure everyone has the right and ability to speak out… We must also make the most of media for dialogue and mutual understanding, within and across cultures, especially with young people, to challenge all stereotypes and all incitement to hatred”

Request for Proposals: Media Landscape Analysis, MDI Assessment - Jordan

News - ven, 14/11/2014 - 10:46

The proposal should comprise the following components:

  • A description of the organization/party wanting to undertake the assignment;
  • A description of the proposed team, including CVs;
  • Comments on the Terms of Reference if any (in brief);
  • An approach and methodology for the assignment;
  • A detailed work plan for the assignment, including time-line;

The total budget for the assignment, quoted in US dollars. Fees, travel costs, per diems and other costs to be shown separately, as the basis for calculation, but to be included in the total lump sum. More than one scenario may be provided according to different budget ceilings.

Please note that:

  • Your proposal and any supporting documents must be in English.
  • Your proposal should be submitted by e-mail no later than 28 November 2014.

Proposals shall be sent to Mr Johan Romare, copying Ms Rasha Arafeh.

Johan Romare will answer questions on the Request for Proposals on the e-mail above.

Thank you for your interest in this UNESCO assignment, we look forward to receiving your proposal.

From safety of journalists to online privacy, IPDC Council to debate most cutting-edge issues in media development field

News - ven, 14/11/2014 - 10:00

These and many other issues will be discussed by the Intergovernmental Council of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), which opens in the UNESCO Headquarters (Paris, France) on 20 November 2014. A special session will also be devoted to online privacy and freedom of expression, including the right to be forgotten.

IPDC was set up in 1980 as the only intergovernmental programme in the UN system mandated to mobilize international support in order to contribute to sustainable development, democracy and good governance by strengthening the capacities of free and independent media. Since its creation, IPDC has channeled about US$ 105 million to over 1,700 media development projects in some 140 countries.

IPDC’s Council is composed of 39 Member States elected by UNESCO’s General Conference. It meets once every two years to reflect on the latest trends in the media development field and give direction to the Programme. In addition to projects supported on an annual basis all over the world, IPDC has also launched a series of initiatives aimed at building a knowledge base in strategic areas, such as:

  • Safety of Journalism
  • Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism education
  • Assessing Media Development: Media Development Indicators
  • IPDC and Post-2015 Development Agenda
  • Knowledge Driven Media Development
  • Media sustainability

The IPDC Council will also elect a new Chair and new Bureau members. For further information about the Council meeting, please visit the IPDC website.

From safety of journalists to online privacy, IPDC Council to debate most cutting-edge issues in media development field

News - ven, 14/11/2014 - 10:00

These and many other issues will be discussed by the Intergovernmental Council of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), which opens in the UNESCO Headquarters (Paris, France) on 20 November 2014. A special session will also be devoted to online privacy and freedom of expression, including the right to be forgotten.

IPDC was set up in 1980 as the only intergovernmental programme in the UN system mandated to mobilize international support in order to contribute to sustainable development, democracy and good governance by strengthening the capacities of free and independent media. Since its creation, IPDC has channeled about US$ 105 million to over 1,700 media development projects in some 140 countries.

IPDC’s Council is composed of 39 Member States elected by UNESCO’s General Conference. It meets once every two years to reflect on the latest trends in the media development field and give direction to the Programme. In addition to projects supported on an annual basis all over the world, IPDC has also launched a series of initiatives aimed at building a knowledge base in strategic areas, such as:

  • Safety of Journalism
  • Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism education
  • Assessing Media Development: Media Development Indicators
  • IPDC and Post-2015 Development Agenda
  • Knowledge Driven Media Development
  • Media sustainability

The IPDC Council will also elect a new Chair and new Bureau members. For further information about the Council meeting, please visit the IPDC website.

Regional commemoration of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists for Maghreb

News - ven, 07/11/2014 - 15:41

The conference aimed at promoting a dialogue between representatives of media and civil society to enhance journalist’s safety. This is an essential element for democracy, peace and development worldwide.

118 participants attended the event, among them representatives of media and civil society, journalists, human right activists, students, experts and lawyers from Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.

“Journalists are exposed to many risks: economic fragility, physical danger, stress pressures, persecution and, as our colleagues in Libya, death. This first commemoration is the possibility to honor these deaths but also to discuss on how we, journalists, civil society and decision makers, could better cooperate to end impunity for crimes against journalists and to foster safety of journalist in our region” says a journalist.

After the two-day meeting, the audience elaborated some recommendation on how to foster the cooperation between civil society and media in order to stop impunity and violence against journalists.  Moreover, 75 journalists and activists from the region were trained during three different workshops in online security, conflict sensitive reporting and journalists’ rights.

UNESCO will continue to mobilize attention on the UN plan of action on the safety of journalists and the issue of impunity and call upon relative stakeholders to promote a safe and enabling environment for journalists to perform their work independently and without undue interference.

Five Asian Open Universities adopt open licensing and MOOCs

News - ven, 07/11/2014 - 15:23

The Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU) is a non-profit organization of Asian higher learning institutions that are primarily concerned with education at a distance. The AAOU was founded in 1987 by a number of open universities in the Asian region who realized the significant contribution of distance education in democratizing the provision of learning opportunities to mankind.

The OpenupEd Workshop at the 2014 AAOU Conference represented the Asian launch of the Globalizing OpenupEd Project which aims to empower key national higher education institutions to offer courses with full open licenses (OERs) and to transform them into Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

Open Educational Resources (OERs) are defined as any type of educational materials in the public domain, or released with an open license allowing free use, adaptation, and distribution. They present educational institutions with a strategic opportunity to increase the quality of educational materials.

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are characterized as free-of-cost, openly-accessible, online courses which can support ‘massive’ numbers of students.

By transforming OER courses into MOOCs that can be accessed free-of-cost and easily via mobile phones or mobile devices, UNESCO hopes to ‘massively’ increase the number of new learners accessing high-quality, relevant education from Asia and internationally.

OpenupEd is the world’s first MOOC Initiative that offers learners several unique innovations:

  1. Courses are to be made immediately/progressively available as OERs with at least CC BY SA licenses
  2. The university partners will offer full recognition, and additional credit for fees;
  3. Some courses are to offer cohort-independence

With support from the European Commission, UNESCO is Globalizing OpenupEd in Africa working with the Africa Council for Distance Education (ACDE), and in Asia working with the Asian Association for Open Universities (AAOU).

The Project is led by Abel Caine, UNESCO Programme Specialist in OERs, and Professor Fred Mulder, UNESCO OER Chair.

The High-Level Workshop attracted over 30 representatives from the following countries:

  1. China
  2. Hong Kong
  3. India
  4. Indonesia
  5. Japan
  6. Korea
  7. Malaysia
  8. Pakistan
  9. Philippines
  10. Singapore
  11. Sri Lanka
  12. Thailand
  13. Vietnam

The Rectors, Presidents, and Vice Chancellors of the following universities were in full attendance:

  1. University of the Philippines Open University, The Philippines
  2. Open University Malaysia, Malaysia
  3. SIM University , Singapore
  4. Korea National Open University, Korea
  5. The Open University of Japan, Japan
  6. Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Thailand
  7. The Open University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong
  8. Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia
  9. Krishana Kanta Handiqui State Open University, India
  10. Wawasan Open University, Malaysia
  11. The Open University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Moderated by Dr Li Kam Cheong, Secretary-General of the AAOU, there were 4 main presentations by:

  1. Abel Caine – UNESCO OER Programme
  2. Professor Fred Mulder – OpenupEd Project
  3. Professor Tsuneo Yamada – Japan MOOCs
  4. Professor Tae-Rim Lee – Korea MOOCs

The Workshop was very lively with enthusiastic discussions on the definitions, misconceptions, and risks/benefits of open licensing and MOOCs and the implications for the Asian context. Two major decisions followed on the Workshop:

  1. The AAOU Executive has formed a Task Force to promote Open Licensing and the development of MOOCs;
  2. The OU5 – a group of 5 ASEAN Open Universities agreed to open-license and MOOC the 1st course of the Masters in ASEAN Studies.

Mr Abel Caine from UNESCO was very pleased with the Workshop, “We have a major agreement from 5 ASEAN open universities to open-license and MOOC the 1st course of a prominent Masters in ASEAN Studies. This is very important in the context of the launch of the ASEAN Economic Community possibly in 2015.”

The Workshop was extensively promoted by local media with many comments on Twitter and shared photos (https://www.flickr.com/photos/105603439@N03/sets/72157648738645078/).

The medium term goal of the OpenupEd Project is to have ‘massive’ numbers of students benefitting from multiple openly-licensed MOOCs by key African and Asian universities to be highlighted at the World Education Forum in Incheon, South Korea in May 2015.

Alliance calls for strong global gender and media agenda

News - jeu, 06/11/2014 - 15:23

“We cannot talk about equality, good governance, freedom of expression and sustainability when women are effectively silenced in and through the media, and where new technologies are used to undermine the human rights of women and women journalists,” noted the International Steering Committee (ISC) of GAMAG, a network of 500 media and media development, unions and civil society organisations across the globe.

The GAMAG-ISC, which held its first meeting in Geneva from 4-5 November 2014 under the auspices of UNESCO, said the right to communicate; access to information, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is integral to sustainable development. Currently, GAMAG said, “this issue is glaringly missing from the seventeen SDG’s and the 169 targets that will replace the Millennium Development Goals next year.”

Research conducted by the World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) shows that women constitute a mere 24% of news sources. A global study by the International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF) shows that women constitute 36% of reporters and a quarter of media decision-makers. A range of studies shows a growing gender gap in access to, and ownership of ICTs. New media is also fuelling new forms of violence against women and girls ranging from stalking and trolling to human trafficking.

Threats and violence against media workers in general are well-documented, especially with regard to deadly attacks, by organisations like the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA), the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). But there is no group collecting data on security threats to women journalists globally. Attacks against female media workers are only reported anecdotally, if at all, by international media support organisations.

Provisions that GAMAG wants included in the SDG’s include:

  • Women’s equal and effective participation and freedom from violence in all areas of media decision-making and practice.
  • Women’s equal access to media ICTs and their benefits.
  • The right to safety and bodily integrity in the digitally mediated public sphere.
  • Fair and balanced gender portrayal and occupational representation of women in the media.
  • Sensitive, fair and rights-based coverage of violence against women and girls.
  • Mainstreaming of gender in media and ICT policy and training curricula.
  • Gender, media and information literacy training, education and campaigns.   

Launched after a watershed UNESCO and ISESCO -led conference on gender and the media in Bangkok in December 2013, GAMAG seeks to harness new opportunities, and address new challenges, for gender equality and women's empowerment in and through media in an information society context which has radically transformed media architectures.

The GAMAG-ISC is concerned that progress towards media that support gender equality and women’s rights objectives remains painfully slow. GAMAG will amplify and give visibility to existing key regional and global initiatives on gender and media to hasten the pace of change. Further, GAMAG will take action to ensure that women’s communication rights gain prominence in on-going Beijing+20 review events, the post-2015 debates and the World Summit for the Information Society (WSIS)+10.

Priority actions identified by GAMAG include: 

  • Advocacy on women’s empowerment and gender equality in the media and through media to ensure better representation of women in the board rooms and behind editors’ desks.
  • Acting to better protect women journalists on and offline and on the frontline from violence and abuse. This will include gathering a solid foundation of data on violence against women in the media.
  • Developing and curating research, policies and best practices, as well as reporting guidelines for promoting gender responsive and aware media content and practice.
  • Gathering and sharing policies, content and good practices that advance gender equality in and through the media and ICTs.
  • Furthering research on women in the media.

The ISC agreed on working mechanisms, including regional and theme sub-committees on Youth; Research; Capacity Building and Training; Advocacy, Communications, Campaigning and Outreach; Media, ICT Policies, Content and Practice.

Bath’s Roman curse tablets added to the UNESCO Memory of the World Register

News - jeu, 06/11/2014 - 10:07

The Roman curse tablets represent personal and private prayers of individuals inscribed on small sheets of lead or pewter and cast into the hot springs at Bath, UK. The tablets are believed to range in date from the 2nd to the late 4th century AD. Some are written in Old Roman Cursive and some in New Roman Cursive which was in use from the later 3rd century until the end of Roman rule in Britain. Some messages included magical words and symbols, or were written back to front to increase the curse's potency. Others were pierced with nails to achieve a similar result. Curses were sometimes rolled up and hidden under floors or in wall cavities. People wrote to the Roman goddess Sulis Minerva asking for revenge or for wrongs to be put right. 

UNESCO Deputy Director-General, Getachew Engida, who attended the inscription ceremony in Bath, highlighted in his remarks that in addition to being home to the valuable Roman Curse tablets, Bath’s historic quarters have been inscribed on the World Heritage List since 1987. He further emphasized that the Roman vestiges have remained at the heart of the city’s development since their inception and can be considered to be among the most famous and important Roman remains north of the Alps. In addition, Mr Engida pointed out that it is precisely thanks to the Romans that the city of Bath flourished as a thermal spa since the 1st century AD and the natural hot springs have also made it possible to develop the city into an elegant spa city, famed in literature and art – a tradition that continues to the present. Bath attributes great importance to its status as a World Heritage site and the implementation of the eponymous convention: Bath is also part of a European group of spa cities that is preparing a World Heritage nomination as Great Spas of Europe, together with sites in the Czech Republic, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Italy.

The Roman curse tablets offer also an insight into the extent of bilingualism in the British population under Rome. Unlike many classical sources, the tablets do not tell us of the lives of great men and women and are not great works of literature or philosophy. The Roman curse tablets from Bath are the earliest known surviving prayers to a deity in Britain. Some are pretty fierce, like the person who, seeking revenge for theft of a bronze vessel, asks that it be filled with the blood of the thief! Indeed, many of the collections contain surprising facts. The Romans didn't have police, but they did have something else that worked as a deterrent, the fear of the gods.

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme vision is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance. The Programme is thus intended to protect documentary heritage, and to help networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for the preservation of, and the access to, documentary and archival collections of valuable records.

UNESCO promotes records management for effective implementation of freedom of information right

News - mer, 05/11/2014 - 17:15

The objective of the Colloquium was to highlight the role of records management as the backbone of a transparent and accountable government. Participants were presented with experiences and good practices from the rest of the world. The need to modernize the management of public information and data, including electronically, was strongly emphasized by the speakers of the colloquium.

In her presentation of the United States Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), Corinna Zarek, the Attorney Advisor at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, stated, “The records and information that public administrations are creating are national assets that must be effectively managed and secured so that the public can be assured of the authenticity of the record.” “Public participation is crucial in any Open Data, Open Government, FOIA or other access to information issues. With Open Data, U.S. agencies are directed to prioritize release of data based, in part, on requests from the public,” she further added.

The event took place in the context when the Government of Morocco started to undertake a series of legislative reforms in a view to adopt an access to information law in line with its 2011 Constitution.

This activity was made possible thanks to the support of the Government of Finland.

Upholding Rule of Law is essential to end impunity for crimes against journalists

News - mer, 05/11/2014 - 15:25

This was the theme of a panel discussion at the General Assembly on 3 November, under the theme: “Ending Impunity: Upholding the Rule of Law” was the title and focus of the event.

Participants included the diplomatic community, experts and civil society who gathered at UN Headquarters in New York to mark the first ever International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (2 November). The meeting was co-organized by UNESCO and the Permanent Missions of Argentina, Austria, Costa Rica, France, Greece and Tunisia to the United Nations

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, through a video message, emphasised how a free and open press is part of the bedrock of democracy and development.

Yet in the last ten years, more than 700 journalists have been killed for simply doing their job, he regretted. And worst, nine out of ten cases go unpunished. As a result, criminals are emboldened.

Speaking on the Panle, Mr Maher Nasser, Head of the UN Department of Public Information, noted that most victims are local, covering local stories, and called for authorities worldwide to do better in ensuring that the perpetrators of attacks against journalists are held accountable.

Ambassador Michel Spinellis, Permanent Representative of Greece to the UN, stated that impunity is a threat to democracy. Speaking on behalf of the six co-sponsoring countries of the event, he underscored the recent actions taken by the UN Human Rights Council to address the lack of accountability for attacks against journalists.

Deputy Director-General of UNESCO, Mr Getachew Engida, concentrated on what more can be done concretely to support Governments in ending impunity. He highlighted: creating dedicated investigation units for crimes against journalists and human rights defenders; strengthening special prosecution offices and independent commission; bolstering preventive as well as protection measures; and providing trainings to prosecutors and judiciary regarding safety of journalists.

Mr Engida also underlined the UN Plan of Action for Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, spearheaded by UNESCO, which seeks to support Governments in their efforts and is today the global reference to catalyse stronger action against impunity.

As another important concrete measure, the Deputy Director-General called on Member States to voluntarily provide updated information on the judicial investigation of the killings of journalists to UNESCO.

Arguing that combatting impunity must be a priority, Mr Joel Simon, Executive Director, Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), cautioned that we must not mistake awareness for progress and must define success in quantifiable terms.

He called Member States to action and quoted findings from a special report by CPJ, issued in October 2014, entitled The Road to Justice: Breaking the Cycle of Impunity in the Killing of Journalists. The numbers of crimes against journalists must start decreasing instead of growing into record highs, as in the last few years, in order for this International Day to have a meaning at all, he said.

Dr Agnes Callamard, Director of Global Freedom of Expression & Information, and Special Adviser to the President of Columbia University, spoke from the perspective of Rule of Law. She affirmed that rule ‘by’ law should not trump the rule ‘of’ law, and that ‘rule of law’ must serve the interest of justice.

A key component of combatting impunity is embedding the rule of law and responsible authorities into response and precautionary mechanisms. She said Columbia University will launch an award prize in March 2015 in recognition of legal practitioners who have strived for rulings in favour of freedom of expression and freedom of the press.

Ms Nadia Bilbassy-Charters, a foreign correspondent with Al-Arabiya News Channel and member of the Board of Directors of International Women’s Media Foundation, gave a strong personal account of the situation faced by journalists covering difficult issues. Non-state actors are an increasing threat, she warned, and elaborated on the challenges this poses to journalists.

During discussion, a connection was drawn with the new agenda for sustainable development in the post-2015. Participants acknowledged the importance of freedom of expression for sustainable development, and recognized that freedom of expression and its corollary media freedom, including the safety of journalists and ending impunity, are important indicators for the future goals.

Since freedom of expression, the safety of journalists and ending impunity have not been included as such in the proposed agenda to follow 2015, an important and actionable objective was identified for Member States to tackle before the next iteration of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists.

Pages

Subscribe to Communication et information agrégateur