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UNESCO comments the WSIS+10 Review working document

News - Mié, 30/09/2015 - 12:43

UNESCO has facilitated much of the implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) and has substantially contributed to the ongoing WSIS+10 Review Process. It submitted a 45 page contribution to the process that culminated in the working document (called “non-paper”).

Over 50 responses from UN Member States, the private sector, the technical community, civil society and intergovernmental organizations were received for improving this working document. Based on all the feedback, the co-facilitators of the WSIS+10 Review process, Latvia and United Arab Emirates, will produce a Zero-Draft Paper. This will be released beginning of October.

UNESCO supports the process and the emphasis put on “a people-centred, inclusive and development orientated” Information Society. This aligns with UNESCO’s view that WSIS is about societies in which information, knowledge and technologies are catalyzers for sustainable development.

In its submission, UNESCO also highlighted areas that could be enhanced. First, the working document focuses on technology issues at the expense of parts of the enabling environment, despite their equal importance. Some areas, which are tremendously important for building inclusive knowledge societies, are not sufficiently well integrated; others are not even mentioned once. This includes education, freedom of expression, cultural diversity, ICT applications and the crucial role of sciences in the process leading to inclusive Knowledge Societies. UNESCO proposed that there should be a more prominent recognition of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedom of expression and a reference to the safety of journalists.

Second, noting further that the working document lacks an explicit mention of Knowledge Societies, UNESCO pointed out that Knowledge Societies are now part of the adopted SDGs (para 15). The Organization therefore suggests remedying this issue as a way to raise awareness that knowledge divides are equal to digital divides in the challenge that they present to development.

Third, UNESCO suggested that at a WSIS+10 Review, an explicit reference to the implementation of the WSIS Action Lines would be appropriate. This should be a recognition of all stakeholders work and goes beyond the Action Line UNESCO facilitates, including the Action Lines on “Access to Information and Knowledge” (C3), on “E-learning” (C7), on “E-science” (C7), on “Cultural diversity and identity, linguistic diversity and local content” (C8), on “Media” (C9) and on the “Ethical dimensions of the Information Society” (C10).

These are the next steps in the UNGA WSIS+10 Review Process:

The Zero-Draft Paper will be published beginning of October. It will be then discussed in meetings at the UN in New York from 19-22 October. A final version setting out the future of WSIS will be decided at a UNGA High-Level Meeting on 15-16 December 2015.


Nigerian Secondary School Students develop Mobile Applications, seek more training opportunities

News - Lun, 28/09/2015 - 15:36

The training which took place between  27 July–21 August, 2015 was organized by UNESCO and the Schools Education Board of Abuja, F.C.T.  Samsung Electronics supported by donating laptops used during the training which were subsequently given to the participating schools at another event which took place at the UNESCO Abuja regional office on 7 September, 2015 (News Agency of Nigeria, The Eagle Online).

The closing ceremony, which was very engaging, was attended by principals from the selected 18 government secondary schools, officials of the secondary school education board and UNESCO officials. Some of the Apps that were developed and demonstrated by the students include:

Know your Country–Nigeria – An App which allows young people to know about the country and the president, including a question and answer section.

Hydrating Education – an App which enables rural and urban schools in Nigeria get access to good drinking water through their respective government agencies

English Pro – designed to teach individuals how to speak proper English by improving their knowledge of the English Language. It contains different spelling categories like spelling, pronunciation, and comprehension. It includes a read-to-me button which when clicked, begins to read to the user of the app.

Learn Alphabets in an easy way – an educational App designed for kids to know the alphabets. It educates the child on what each letter stands for including images and voice prompts that call out the Alphabet.

Other Apps include Calc Plus, Safety App, Web Locator, My Career Guide, My Review, Musical App, Story Telling App and Health Tips.

In his speech, the Director/ Representative UNESCO Regional Office in Abuja, Dr. Benoit Sossou, who was represented by Ms. Adele Nibona said the YouthMobile Initiative builds on the experience of many worldwide initiatives that introduce young people to computer science programming (learning-to-code) and problem solving (coding-to-learn). It also seeks to build on experiences targeting young women who are vastly underrepresented in this field. Finally it builds on the consideration that for millions of young people, the smartphone in their pocket is a very powerful computer, it will be their only computer, and they use it for nearly every aspect of their lives: communicating, learning, taking pictures, and playing games.

He also said that the YouthMobile Initiative aims to empower youth with the high-level skills and confidence to create mobile apps that are locally-relevant and contribute to the reduction of chronic youth unemployment. The global objective is to engage at least 25,000 young people and sell at least 5,000 mobile apps by 2017.

He went further to draw the attention of the students and their principals to the fact that in June this year, Team Charis Nigeria, made up of a group of girls from Calabar, Cross River State in Nigeria won the High School Division of the 2015 Technovation Global Challenge in San Francisco, America with their app “Discardious,” a mobile solution to the problem of improper waste disposal in Nigeria. This goes to show that with the proper training, secondary school students in Nigeria can proffer global standard solutions to local challenges and that UNESCO therefore intends to link existing competitors to each other through the creation of the first global list of app competitors. This will encourage trained students to submit apps for prizes, recognition, and employment opportunities.

The second segment of the YouthMobile training is has been planned to hold at the Samsung/UNESCO Digital Village in Oban Town, Cross River State, Nigeria, during the fourth quarter of this year

« La révolution numérique doit être une révolution du développement » : Message de la Commission du haut débit de l’ONU

Actualités - Sáb, 26/09/2015 - 22:57

L’adoption, cette semaine, des 17 ODD fait entrer la Commission dans une nouvelle phase, avec 22 nouveaux membres issus de plusieurs secteurs, notamment des représentants de l’industrie technologique mondiale, des ministres gouvernementaux, des responsables des domaines de l’éducation et de la santé, et deux nouvelles institutions des Nations Unies qui rejoignent les représentants de l’UIT, du PNUD, de l’UNESCO, du Bureau du Haut Représentant des Nations Unies pour les pays les moins avancés, les pays en développement sans littoral et les petits États insulaires en développement, de l’OMPI et de la Fondation des Nations Unies déjà membres de la Commission.

S. E. Mme Rumiana Bacharova, Vice-Première Ministre de la Bulgarie, a pris part à cette réunion en tant que nouveau membre. Cette 12e réunion de la Commission a également accueilli un certain nombre d’invités d’honneur, notamment S. E. M. Luis Guillermo Solís, Président du Costa Rica, M. Tim Murphy, de MasterCard, la baronne Beeban Kidron, éminente réalisatrice et militante britannique, et M. Klaus Schwab, Président exécutif du Forum économique mondial.

S’exprimant lors de l’ouverture de la réunion de la Commission un peu plus tôt dans la journée, M. Kagame a souligné combien il était important de placer la technologie au centre du développement.

« Quatre milliards de personnes n’ont toujours pas accès à l’Internet », a-t-il indiqué. « Il est urgent d’inverser cette tendance. Moins de 7 % des foyers des pays les moins avancés sont connectés. C’est évidemment un problème mais cela signifie aussi que les possibilités de croissance sont gigantesques. En Afrique, nous sommes résolus à saisir cette occasion. L’initiative Smart Africa (Une Afrique intelligente) en est un exemple ; elle encourage les nations à investir davantage dans les infrastructures, l’innovation et l’entrepreneuriat ».

M. Kagame a invité les membres de la Commission à participer au Sommet Transformer l’Afrique qui se tiendra à Kigali du 19 au 21 octobre, ajoutant que ce sommet serait l’occasion de décider de la voie à suivre pour continuer de mettre en œuvre des méthodes rationnelles et durables permettant de tirer parti des TIC au service du développement de l’Afrique.

Le Président du Costa Rica a réaffirmé la détermination de son gouvernement à mobiliser les TIC au service de l’autonomisation de tous les citoyens.

« Pour être couronné de succès, le nouveau Programme fera appel à tous les accélérateurs d’inclusion, à tous les multiplicateurs d’élimination de la pauvreté et de durabilité. Le haut débit est une force de transformation : tel est notre message », a déclaré Mme Bokova, Directrice générale de l’UNESCO.

« Il ne s’agit pas seulement de faire campagne en faveur des réseaux et des services. Il s’agit d’ouvrir de nouvelles voies pour créer et partager des connaissances, de renforcer la liberté d’expression, d’élargir les possibilités d’apprentissage, en particulier pour les filles et les femmes, de mettre au point des contenus adaptés, locaux et multilingues ».

« Les 17 ODD offrent un cadre solide et clair au développement de l’humanité », a déclaré M. Carlos M. Jarque, membre de la Commission, qui représentait aussi M. Carlos Slim, co-président de la réunion. « Le haut débit est un moyen puissant d’accélérer les progrès vers leur réalisation. Nous devons établir des stratégies intersectorielles novatrices susceptibles de tirer parti de la puissance des réseaux à grande vitesse pour améliorer l’éducation, la santé et la prestation de services sociaux de base pour tous, en particulier les plus pauvres ».

« Les objectifs de développement durable de l’ONU stimuleront les actions au cours des quinze prochaines années dans des domaines d’une importance essentielle pour l’humanité et la planète », a déclaré M. Houlin Zhao, Secrétaire général de l’UIT.

M. Jeffrey Sachs, membre de la Commission, a déclaré : « Pour mettre en œuvre un programme véritablement universel qui ne laisse personne en marge, nous devons mettre en place des mécanismes spéciaux pour les personnes les plus pauvres. En ce qui concerne la mise en œuvre des ODD, le monde entier compte sur nous ; il ne s’agit pas d’une problématique interne, mais d’une problématique mondiale ».

Le rapport annuel de la Commission sur la situation du haut débit, publié au début de la semaine, indique que l’accès des foyers à l’Internet dans les pays développés est proche de la saturation, avec plus de 81,3 % des foyers connectés. Mais, si la part des foyers ayant accès à l’Internet a augmenté de 31,5 % à plus de 34,1 % dans les pays en développement, elle demeure bien en deçà de l’objectif – 40 % d’ici 2015 – fixé par la Commission. Les chiffres relatifs à la connectivité des foyers masquent aussi de fortes disparités : dans les 48 pays les moins avancés des Nations Unies, moins de 7 % des foyers ont accès à l’Internet, tandis qu’en Afrique subsaharienne seul 1 foyer sur 9 est connecté.

« Tout notre travail se concentre sur les droits de l’homme et la dignité », a déclaré Mme Bokova, « sur l’autonomisation des populations, sur l’édification de sociétés du savoir inclusives pour le siècle à venir. Tels sont les enjeux, et nous devons agir de concert pour gagner notre pari ».

“La revolución digital debe ser una revolución del desarrollo” – Mensaje de la Comisión de la banda ancha de las Naciones Unidas

Noticias - Sáb, 26/09/2015 - 22:22

Con la aprobación esta semana de los 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) la Comisión entra en una nueva etapa, con 22 nuevos miembros procedentes de una amplia gama de sectores, como la industria tecnológica mundial, ministros gubernamentales, dirigentes del mundo de la educación y la salud, y dos nuevos organismos de las Naciones Unidas que se suman a los representantes ya existentes de la UIT, el PNUD, la UNESCO, la Oficina del Alto Representante de las Naciones Unidas para los Países Menos Adelantados, los Países en Desarrollo Sin Litoral y los Pequeños Estados Insulares en Desarrollo, la OMPI y la Fundación de las Naciones Unidas.

La Excma. Sra. Rumiana Bacharova, Viceprimera Ministra de Bulgaria, asistió a la reunión en calidad de nueva comisionada. En esta 12ª reunión de la Comisión participaron también varios invitados especiales, entre los que figuraban el Excmo. Sr. Luis Guillermo Solís, Presidente de Costa Rica; el Sr. Tim Murphy, de MasterCard; la baronesa Beeban Cedrón, distinguida cineasta y activista británica; y el Sr. Klaus Schwab, Presidente Ejecutivo del Foro Económico Mundial.

En su intervención en la apertura de la reunión de la Comisión a primera hora de hoy, el Presidente Paul Kagame subrayó la importancia de situar la tecnología en el centro del desarrollo.

El Presidente Kagame afirmó: “Cuatro mil millones de personas aún no tienen acceso a Internet. Hay una necesidad urgente de revertir esta tendencia. Menos del 7% de las familias en los países menos adelantados están conectadas. Esta situación representa, claro está, un problema, pero significa también que hay mucho margen para el crecimiento. En África estamos decididos a aprovechar esta oportunidad, y ejemplo de ello es la iniciativa “Smart África”, con la que se pretende alentar a los países a invertir más en infraestructura, innovación y fomento del espíritu empresarial”.

El Presidente Kagame invitó a los comisionados a asistir a la Cumbre “Transformar África” que tendrá lugar en Kigali del 19 al 21 de octubre, y añadió que la cumbre será la ocasión de definir el camino para seguir aplicando formas inteligentes y sostenibles de aprovechar las TIC en favor del desarrollo de África.

El Presidente de Costa Rica reiteró el compromiso de su Gobierno de aprovechar las TIC para el empoderamiento de todos los ciudadanos.

“Para tener éxito, la nueva Agenda se basará en todos los aceleradores de la inclusión, en todos los multiplicadores de la erradicación de la pobreza y la sostenibilidad, y nuestro mensaje es que la banda ancha es una fuerza transformadora”, afirmó la Sra. Irina Bokova, Directora General de la UNESCO.

“No se trata simplemente de defender las redes y los servicios. Se trata de abrir nuevas vías para crear y compartir conocimientos, de aumentar la libertad de expresión, de ampliar las oportunidades de aprendizaje, especialmente para las niñas y las mujeres, de desarrollar los contenidos que son pertinentes, locales y plurilingües”.

“Los 17 ODS proporcionan un marco claro y sólido para el desarrollo humano”, dijo el Dr. Carlos M. Jarque, miembro de la Comisión y representante también del copresidente Carlos Slim en la reunión. “La banda ancha es una poderosa manera de acelerar el progreso hacia su consecución. Necesitamos elaborar estrategias intersectoriales innovadoras que aprovechen el poder de las redes de alta velocidad para mejorar la educación, la atención de la salud y la prestación de servicios sociales básicos para todos, y especialmente para los más pobres”.

“Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible de las Naciones Unidas estimularán la labor que se desarrolle en los próximos 15 años en ámbitos de importancia decisiva para la humanidad y para el planeta”, dijo el Sr. Houlin Zhao, Secretario General de la UIT.

El profesor Jeffrey Sachs, miembro de la Comisión, afirmó: “Para cumplir con una agenda verdaderamente universal sin dejar a nadie atrás, tenemos que establecer mecanismos especiales para los más pobres. En lo que respecta al logro de los ODS, el mundo cuenta con nosotros; no se trata de un objetivo institucional, se trata de un objetivo mundial”.

En el informe anual de la Comisión, publicado a principios de esta semana, se revela que el acceso a Internet de las familias de países desarrollados está próximo a la saturación, con más del 81,3% de los hogares conectados. Pero, aunque la proporción de familias de países en desarrollo que tienen acceso a Internet ha aumentado del 31,5% a más del 34,1%, sigue estando muy por debajo del objetivo de la Comisión de alcanzar el 40% en 2015. Las cifras de conectividad de los hogares esconden también fuertes disparidades; en los 48 países menos adelantados que figuran en la lista de las Naciones Unidas, menos del 7% de las familias tiene acceso a Internet, mientras que en el África subsahariana solo 1 de cada 9 hogares está conectado.

“Todo nuestro trabajo se centra en los derechos humanos y en la dignidad”, dijo Irina Bokova, “en empoderar a las personas, en construir sociedades del conocimiento inclusivas para el siglo próximo: esto es lo que está en juego y debemos actuar juntos para lograr estos objetivos”.

"The digital revolution must be a development revolution" -- Message of UN Broadband Commission

News - Sáb, 26/09/2015 - 21:11

This week’s adoption of the 17 SDGs sees the Commission enter a new phase, with 22 new members drawn from a range of sectors including the global technology industry, government ministers, leaders in education and healthcare, and two additional UN bodies who join existing Commissioners from ITU, UNDP, UNESCO, UN-ORHLLS, WIPO and the UN Foundation. 

Her Excellency Ms Rumiana Bacharova, Deputy Prime Minister of Bulgaria attended as a new Commissioner. This 12th meeting of the Commission also welcomed a number of special guests, including H.E. Luis Guillermo Solís, President of Costa Rica; Tim Murphy of MasterCard, the distinguished British filmmaker and activist Baroness Beeban Kidron; and Klaus Schwab, Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum.

Speaking at the opening of the Commission session earlier today, President Paul Kagame stressed the importance of putting technology at the heart of development. 

President Kagame said: "Four billion people still have no Internet access. There is an urgent need to reverse this trend. Fewer than seven per cent of households in the Least Developed Countries are connected. This is a problem, of course, but it is also means there is a lot of room for growth. In Africa, we are determined to seize this opportunity. An example is the Smart Africa initiative, which encourages nations to invest more in infrastructure, innovation, and entrepreneurship."

President Kagame invited Commissioners to attend the Transform Africa Summit taking place in Kigali on 19-21 October, adding that the summit will be a time to forge the way forward towards further implementation of smart and sustainable ways to harness ICT for Africa’s development.

The President of Costa Rica reiterated his Government's commitment to harnessing ICTs for empowerment of all citizens. 

"To succeed, the new Agenda will draw on all accelerators of inclusion, all multipliers of poverty eradication and sustainability, and our message is that broadband is a transformational force,” said UNESCO Director-General, Irina Bokova. 

"This goes beyond mere advocacy for networks and services. This is about opening new paths to create and share knowledge, about enhancing freedom of expression, about widening learning opportunities, especially for girls and women, about developing content that is relevant, local and multilingual."

"The 17 SDGs provide a clear and solid framework for human development,” said Broadband Commissioner Dr Carlos M. Jarque, who also represented Co-Chair Carlos Slim at the meeting. “Broadband represents a powerful way to accelerate progress towards their attainment. We need to look at innovative cross-sectoral strategies that can leverage the power of high-speed networks to improve education, healthcare and the delivery of basic social services to everyone, and especially the poorest.” 

“The UN Sustainable Development Goals will stimulate action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao.

Commissioner Professor Jeffrey Sachs said: "To deliver on a truly universal agenda leaving no-one behind, we need to put in place special mechanisms for the poorest people. For SDG implementation, the world is looking to us, this is not a business proposition, but a world proposition."

The Commission’s annual State of Broadband report, released earlier this week, reveals that household Internet access in developed countries is close to saturation, with more than 81.3% of households connected. But while the proportion of households in the developing world with Internet access has increased from 31.5% to over 34.1%, it remains well short of the Commission’s target of 40% by 2015. Household connectivity figures also mask strong disparities; in the 48 UN Least Developed Countries fewer than 7% of households have Internet access, while in sub-Saharan Africa only 1 in 9 households is connected. 

"All our work is about human rights and dignity," said Irina Bokova, "about empowering people, building inclusive knowledge societies for the century ahead -- these are the stakes and we must rise together to meet them."


UNESCO calls to combat online and offline violence against women and girls

News - Vie, 25/09/2015 - 16:47

On 24 September 2015, the United Nations Broadband Commission’s Working Group on Gender released its report on combatting cyber violence against women at United Nations Headquarters in New York. UNESCO’s Director-General, Ms Irina Bokova, serves as Co-Vice Chair of the Broadband Commission alongside ITU Secretary-General, Mr Houlin Zhao. The report aims to mobilize the public and private sectors to establish concrete strategies aimed at confronting the threat posed by cyber-violence.

“Violence against girls and women – offline as well as online – is an affront to individual dignity, a violation of human rights and a barrier to development. Cyber violence is complex – our action must be equally multi-dimensional” said UNESCO’s Director for Gender Equality, Ms Saniye Gülser Corat, on the occasion of the launch of the report.

The report highlights how online violence against women has caused the Internet to become a “chilling space” that permits anonymous cruelty and consequently impedes the freedom of women to participate in the uptake of broadband services. This has led to a call to reclaim and expand the freedoms offered by the Internet.

The report emphasizes the need to address complacency and hostility towards the issue of cyber-violence. Despite the rapid spread of the Internet, law enforcement agencies have largely responded inappropriately to the threat of cyber violence against women. One in five female Internet users lives in countries where harassment and abuse of women online is extremely unlikely to be punished. In many countries, women are reluctant to report their victimization for fear of social repercussions. The report warns that without effective legal and social controls of online anti-social and criminal behaviors, online violence will continue to grow as a threat to women. The report sets out three key recommendations for establishing a global framework to counter online violence. These are:

  • Sensitization – Preventing cyber violence against women through training, learning, campaigning and community development to promote changes in social attitudes and behavior,
  • Safeguards – Implementing oversight and maintaining a responsible Internet infrastructure through technical solutions and more informed customer care practices, while ensuring the respect of other freedoms and rights,
  • Sanctions – Develop and uphold laws, regulations and governance mechanisms to deter perpetrators from committing these acts.

The report contends that the implementation and enforcement of these measures will ensure that women and girls have an equal platform to participate in online activities. The inclusion of gender equality as a stand-alone goal in the Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals demonstrates the significance of gender equality as a developmental tool in itself. UNESCO therefore commends the report’s recommendations as a timely reminder of the importance of gender equality to sustainable development.


How to adjust media ethics to the digital era discussed in Pristina

News - Vie, 25/09/2015 - 15:35

Held in Pristina, Kosovo (as understood in the UNSCR1244) the workshop gathered 25 participants, including journalists from online and print media and TV, representatives of civil society and journalism students, representatives from the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo and the OSCE.

Imer Mushkolaj, Chairman of the Press Council of Kosovo, emphasized the fact that ethical principles of journalism are an important base for professional journalists and that these principles should also be applied by online journalists. At the moment, the Press Code of Kosovo aims to be a comprehensive tool for all its signatories and for written media in Kosovo (UNSCR1244). The Code sets forth guidelines for ethical and fair journalism by setting out the most probable situations of potential violations and by providing the foundations of a self-regulation system that should be considered morally and professionally binding on reporters, editors and the owners and publishers of newspapers and periodicals. However, specific issues related to online media demand amendments or supplements to the Code.

Besa Luci, editor in chief of Kosovo 2.0 news portal focused on the credibility of news portals as a basis for successful journalism. Furtuna Sheremeti from Jeta në Kosovë news portal said that the amendment of the ethical principles for online media outlets was essential at the time of a rapid growth of online portals.  

This event was organized with the support of the UNESCO EU-funded project “Media Accountability in South East Europe and Turkey” which started in January 2013. This project builds on UNESCO’s previous efforts funded by the European Union in the South East Europe region, and aims to raise awareness and reinforce capacities of media professionals to strengthen ethical and professional standards in journalism. Recently under this project, UNESCO published a comprehensive assessment of the needs of each media councils in the region. The chapter related to the Kosovo Press Council and its recommendations highlight the necessity for this body to address the new online media landscape. Please see here for further details.

UNESCO International Advisory Committee to meet in Abu Dhabi to nominate documentary heritage of world significance

News - Vie, 25/09/2015 - 15:22

The main purpose of the meeting is to review the global progress achieved by the Memory of the World Programme and to consider and recommend new inscriptions of unique documentary heritage on the Memory of the World International Register. The International Advisory Committee (IAC) is appointed by the Director-General of UNESCO to guide the planning and the implementation of the Memory of the World Programme. It comprises 14 members serving in a personal capacity, who are chosen for their authority, knowledge and expertise in the field of the safeguarding of documentary heritage. The IAC is also mandated to seek co-operation with competent international non-governmental organizations with a view to develop useful and co-operative mechanisms to further strengthen the Programme.

During the Abu Dhabi meeting the IAC will consider 87 nominations from 61 countries. In their work, the IAC is particularly mindful of applying strictly the MOW selection criteria, as well as taking into account the legal and ethical contexts of the nominations. Particular attention is attached to the protection of rights of creators and content owners and to the requirement that nominations, if approved for inscription, should be permanently accessible to the public, particularly in the context of the new technology environments. Since archival collections and records constitute a major cultural heritage and information resource for Member States, wherever possible the IAC encourages joint nominations if documentary heritage of world significance is shared across several borders.

The IAC meets every two years in a regular session.  Decisions on the recommended new inscriptions on the MOW Register are taken in camera and are publicly announced by UNESCO press release shortly after the IAC meeting.

Impelled by its responsibility to raise awareness about the need to safeguard the world’s documentary heritage, UNESCO recognized as early as 1992, when the Memory of the World Programme was created, that urgent action is required to ensure that world's collective memory is protected and preserved for future generations. The 37th session of the General Conference of UNESCO decided that the issue of preservation and access to documentary heritage be regulated at the international level by means of a Recommendation.

This Recommendation, that will be submitted to the General Conference of UNESCO in November 2015 for possible adoption, will thus become a cornerstone of public and international documentary heritage preservation policies for the decades to come. Its main focus is to promote the establishment of principles and norms for regulation at national and international levels of the specific selection, preservation, accessibility and policy issues that are not covered by the already existing normative instruments. The news standard-setting instrument is expected to be an essential tool in the harmonization of practice in the Member States in this particular field as well as to serve for enhancing international cooperation for facilitating access to documentary heritage and the exchange of advanced preservation techniques.

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme vision is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance

IPDC facilitates acquisition of science journalism knowledge among Turkmen journalists

News - Jue, 24/09/2015 - 16:51

Facilitated by the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), at the invitation of the UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office, the workshop was attended by over 85 journalism students and professors. They came from the faculty of journalism of the Institute of International Relations, the Turkmen State University and the Turkmenistan Academy of Sciences.

In his introductory lecture as facilitator of the workshop, Fackson Banda, a programme specialist in the IPDC, outlined the educational, democratic and developmental functions of science journalism.

He explained: “Science journalism, while contributing towards the overall educational wellbeing of the population, builds a bridge between scientists and citizens, thereby democratizing the practice of science. More importantly, it helps us to understand the fundamental contributions that scientific research and development make to economic growth and overall human development.”

Speaking earlier, Ms Esther Kuisch Laroche, Director and Representative of the UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office, drew the attention of the participants to the role of journalists in educating the general public on such topics as climate change, biodiversity, desertification, water scarcity, among others. She emphasized the need for journalism to take on health issues as well, including diseases, maternal and child health, along with many other subjects related to sustainable development.

The workshop builds on a similar one successfully conducted by Banda in Tehran in 2014, at the invitation of the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO.

Speaking on behalf of the Turkmenistan National Commission for UNESCO, Dr Kuvandyk Poladov hailed the success of the workshop and called for the translation into Turkmen of some of the UNESCO publications used for the training.

As part of the closing ceremony, Banda availed hard copies of the latest UNESCO publication titled Teaching Journalism for Sustainable Development: New Syllabi for use in the libraries of the three higher education institutions that took part in the workshop.

The workshop is one of several activities being implemented as part of the IPDC’s Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism Education.

Community radio stations in Kenya to exercise more accountability in the interest of the public

News - Jue, 24/09/2015 - 11:08

Sauti FM shared best practices in improving its social services to the community through better programming and addressing real issues of local concern. Through the establishment of networks with different organizations and a participative approach of both the community and experts, they were able to inform and engage the youth to change their career paths from fishing to more sustainable agriculture.

Mwanedu FM also shared its best practices in improving local news from an increased geographical area leading to a more diversified coverage and use of available media as well as the better identification of community needs. The importance of targeting audience and tracking their impact through call-ins and call-outs was also highlighted.

Furthermore, Mugambo Jwetu FM was able to improve entrepreneurship skills positively affecting the management of the radio station, in the context of sustainability of local radios. They possess increased knowledge on income generating activities through advertisements, the establishment of business-clients relationships to widen coverage, as well as partnerships for the supply of equipment.

Finally, Mang’elete FM shared its experiences in introducing social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter as examples of the use of ICT to benefit the community broadcasting outreach. These platforms helped them improve their programmes through increased interaction between audience and correspondents.

Under the Empowering Local Radios with ICTs project, financed by SIDA, a series of capacity-building activities have been organized in local radio stations, aimed at improving the programming quality, providing training on the use of ICTs and helping the stations to increase their geographical range of news coverage with a network of correspondents. The project, furthermore, focuses on gender equality actions and financial sustainability of the radio stations. The First Secretary from the Embassy of Sweden in Kenya Ms Louise Bermsjo attended the event that commenced the second phase of the SIDA project. She pointed out that SIDA is committed to enhance democratic governance and human rights in cooperation with the Government of Kenya, and media and civil society organizations.

The four new radio stations, namely Baliti FM, Bulala FM, Koch FM and Kwale Ranet FM, were also exposed to possible use of alternative online platforms such as Una Hakika, a mobile phone-based information platform joining networked technologies (including both basic and Internet-enabled mobile phones), together with traditional human networks (i.e. community ambassadors) to monitor and counter misinformation in the Tana Delta. The Sentinel Project, which is running the Una Hakika initiative, could join forces to strengthen the technical capacity of interested community radio’s through this information platform leading to increased participation and involvement of local communities in addressing issues of local concern as well as the improvement of investigative journalism skills, tools and sources. Other ICT cooperation opportunities were also presented, such as Brainstorm Africa.

Finally, the workshop was also an opportunity to interact with the Communications Authority of Kenya on procedures and requirements for community radios and the Media Council of Kenya, on accreditation for journalists and the use of the Code of Ethics for Journalism in Kenya.

The workshop took place within the framework of the project, entitled “Empowering local radios with ICTs”. This project is supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and aims at fostering the development of free, independent and pluralistic media. It also promotes institutional capacity-building through widened access to information.

Infoethics Conference for Eastern Caribbean States organized in St Kitts-Nevis this week

News - Jue, 24/09/2015 - 10:01

This major event, organized together with the Government of St. Kitts-Nevis in the framework of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Information for All Programme (IFAP), will examine the current information ethics challenges and particularly those facing Small Island Developing States (SIDS). It is also expected that the event will provide a number of strategic recommendations for shaping national and regional information and knowledge societies programmes and policies, thus enabling SIDS to develop a range of proactive responses.

The Hon. Shawn Richards, Deputy-Prime Minister and Minister of Education, Youth, sports and Culture welcomed the some 100 participants who included Cabinet Ministers, diplomatic corps, senior Government officials from the OECS and St. Martin, civil society, the private sector as well as teachers and student representatives from high schools on both islands.

Dr Boyan Radoykov, from the Knowledge Societies Division, in his capacity as official Representative of UNESCO, extended welcome remarks on behalf of the Organization and stressed that “(…) We have to strengthen even more our efforts in addressing the info-ethical dimensions and their social implications, and in promoting the basic values and principles that are to be further convincingly enshrined in the information society such as peace and democracy, free flow of information in the public domain, freedom of expression, tolerance, cultural and linguistic diversity, solidarity, etc.” He ended by emphasizing: "It is our role, it is our task, it is our utmost responsibility to ensure the progress of civilization in cyberspace”.

Mr Antonio Maynard, Secretary-General of the St Kitts-Nevis National Commission for UNESCO, who played a key role in the organization of the event, underlined his confidence that the Conference will contribute to “raising awareness and support for the development of a holistic regional approach by OECS States to the complex issues around the Internet”.

Ambassador Dr David Doyle, Permanent Delegate of St. Kitts-Nevis to UNESCO, was of the view that “the proliferation of IT use is now indelibly linked with youth, their learning aspirations, friendships, hobbies, games etc. But it comes with risks to internet use in areas of cyberbullying, privacy violations and unwanted solicitations. The St. Kitts-Nevis conference is timely stakeholder event aimed at contributing to the SIDS dimension of UNESCO’s work on ethical practices in information society and internet privacy.”

Also in attendance was Ms Sandra Cortesi, Director of Youth and Media at the Berkman center for Internet and Society at Harvard University who underlined, “the importance of including youth voices and perspectives into the conversation” and “welcomed the participation of a contingent of youth representatives from high schools on St Kitts and Nevis”. 

The Conference is expected to close with a press event during which the Declaration endorsed by the participants will be presented.

The intergovernmental Information for All Programme was established in 2001. It provides a platform for international policy discussions, cooperation and the development of guidelines for action in the area of access to information and knowledge. The Programme supports Member States to develop and implement national information policy and strategy frameworks.

Broadband Report 2015 launched in Geneva this week

News - Mié, 23/09/2015 - 16:21

The report traces the progress that has been made in broadband connectivity and points out future challenges and targets, including in the fields of education, content and multilingualism. The report provides a global snapshot of where the Telecommunications and ICT Industry stands with regard to fixed and mobile broadband deployment, affordability and usage, as well as the use of broadband for meeting the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

New figures in the report confirm that 3.2 billion people are now connected, up from 2.9 billion last year and equating to 43% of the global population. But while access to the Internet is approaching saturation levels in the developed world, the Net is only accessible to 35% of people in developing countries. The situation in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries is particularly critical, with over 90% of people without any kind of Internet connectivity. The report identifies three major areas of action for realizing a connected future: the multilingual web, the extension to rural areas and the move towards an Internet of Things, as well as People. A specific focus lies on gender equality as a stand-alone target in access to broadband by 2020. Empowering women and girls online through equal access and usage of new technologies will support the vision of a “people-centred, inclusive and development-oriented information society” as envisioned by the World Summit on the Information Society. The report offers also concrete policy recommendations in order to maximize the impact of broadband.

The report provides a basis for the 12th Annual Meeting of the Broadband Commission, which will be held in New York on 26 September 2015, during the UN Summit for the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals.


Myanmar media stakeholders discuss safety of journalists during the elections

News - Mar, 22/09/2015 - 12:01
UNESCO organized a National Dialogue on the Safety of Journalists during Elections in Yangon on 14 September 2015. The workshop provided a timely platform to align and build joint strategies around the media coverage of the electoral process and safety of journalists before, during and after the elections. Senior representatives from the Government of Myanmar, media organizations and stakeholders openly discussed the role of media in the up-coming in November 2015 elections and ways to ensure the safety of journalists.

UNESCO launches the 6th publication in the Internet Freedom series

News - Mar, 22/09/2015 - 10:18

The review provided important context for UNESCO’s comprehensive Internet Study, titled “Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies: Access to information and knowledge, Freedom of Expression, Privacy and Ethics on a Global Internet, as mandated by UNESCO Resolution 52 of the 37th General Conference.

As the sixth edition in the UNESCO Internet Freedom series, this study encompasses both quantitative and qualitative assessments of more than 50 declarations, guidelines, and frameworks. The issues contained in these documents are assessed in the context of UNESCO’s  interested areas such as access, freedom of expression, privacy, ethics, Priority Gender Equality, and Priority Africa, and sustainable development, etc.

This publication shows that while each of the reviewed Internet documents has its own value, none of them fully meet UNESCO’s interests and mandate. The study proposes therefore the concept of “Internet Universality” as the Organisation’s own clear identifier for approaching the various fields of Internet issues and their intersections with UNESCO concerns.

Internet Universality highlights the contribution that can be made by an Internet that is based on four principles, recognised by UNESCO governing bodies. An Internet developed on these principles would be: human Rights-based; Open; Accessible to all; and governed through Multi-stakeholder participation (summarized in the acronym R.O.A.M.).

This concept has relevance to the Organization’s work in many areas – including online freedom of expression and privacy; efforts to advance universality in education, social inclusion and gender equality; multilingualism in cyberspace; access to information and knowledge; and ethical dimensions of information society.

As a background database to illustrate this study and a useful online web source for policy makers and other stakeholders, UNESCO has launched a webpage collecting and updating various international and regional instruments, as well as declarations of various meetings that relate to the areas of access, freedom of expression, privacy and ethics at below link:

The publication is accessible online here.

L’UNESCO à la 70e session de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies et l’adoption du programme de développement pour l’après-2015

Actualités - Lun, 21/09/2015 - 22:01

Un coup d’accélérateur pour l’éducation de qualité

Dans ce contexte, l’UNESCO réaffirmera l’importance d’une éducation inclusive et de qualité pour tous afin d’assurer un développement durable.

La Directrice générale prendra part, le 26 septembre, à une manifestation de haut niveau organisée par l’UNESCO dans le cadre de l’Initiative mondiale pour l'éducation avant tout (GEFI) du Secrétaire général de l’ONU et intitulée « Un pont entre les OMD et les ODD pour l’agenda Éducation 2030 ».

Ce sera l’occasion pour les partenaires, les pays champions de la GEFI et les défenseurs de la jeunesse de se rassembler pour faire progresser l’agenda Éducation 2030 en réaffirmant leur volonté de placer au cœur de la mise en œuvre du programme de développement pour l’après-2015 une éducation et un apprentissage tout au long de la vie de qualité, inclusifs et équitables. L’accent sera mis sur la Déclaration d’Incheon adoptée par 160 États membres et la communauté de l’éducation lors du Forum mondial sur l'éducation 2015, tenu à Incheon (République de Corée) le 21 mai 2015.

La Directrice générale ouvrira cette manifestation en sa qualité de Secrétaire exécutive du Comité directeur de la GEFI. Mme Peng Liyuan, Première Dame de la République populaire de Chine et Envoyée spéciale de l’UNESCO pour la promotion de l’éducation des filles et des femmes, S. E. Mme Park Geun-Hye, Présidente de la République de Corée, Mlle Malala Yousafzay, lauréate du prix Nobel de la paix, et M. Gordon Brown, Envoyé spécial des Nations Unies pour l'éducation mondiale, prendront la parole lors de cette séance d’ouverture.

La Directrice générale participera également, le 30 septembre, à une manifestation de haut niveau intitulée « Assurer la prise en compte du droit à l’éducation face aux situations d’urgence dans le programme de développement pour l’après-2015 » et organisée conjointement par les missions permanentes du Bénin, de la Bosnie-Herzégovine, du Costa Rica, du Nicaragua, de la Norvège, du Portugal, du Qatar et du Royaume-Uni auprès de l’Organisation des Nations Unies. L’accent sera mis sur le droit à l’éducation dans les situations d’urgence afin de créer une dynamique politique et d’aboutir à des propositions concrètes sur la manière de défendre ce droit dans de telles situations.

Dans le même contexte, la Directrice générale participera aussi, le 29 septembre, à une réunion organisée par la Coalition mondiale des entreprises pour l'éducation (Global Business Coalition for Education) pour étudier comment le secteur des entreprises peut œuvrer aux côtés des fondations et donateurs internationaux afin de mener les politiques, les efforts de sensibilisation et l’action nécessaires pour que l’éducation devienne une priorité dans les situations d’urgence.

Le 29 septembre, la Directrice générale prendra part à la première réunion de la Commission internationale sur le financement des opportunités éducatives mondiales, lancée lors du Sommet d'Oslo sur l'éducation pour le développement, en juillet 2015.

Au cours d’une manifestation organisée le 26 septembre à l’occasion du 150e anniversaire de l’Union internationale des télécommunications (UIT), la Directrice générale soulignera combien il est important de résoudre la crise à laquelle le monde est aujourd’hui confronté en matière d’enseignement des sciences, de la technologie, de l’ingénierie et des mathématiques.

Protection du patrimoine culturel et lutte contre l’extrémisme violent

À New York, la Directrice générale appellera l’attention sur la protection du patrimoine culturel et la lutte contre le trafic des biens culturels, des impératifs de sécurité indispensables à l’édification de la paix et au développement durable. Elle soulignera également l’importance d’investir dans la jeunesse et dans l’accès à l’éducation pour lutter contre l’extrémisme violent. 

L’UNESCO est coorganisatrice d’une manifestation de niveau ministériel avec les missions permanentes de la Jordanie et de l’Italie auprès des Nations Unies ainsi qu’INTERPOL et l’UNODC intitulée « Protéger le patrimoine culturel : un impératif pour l’humanité », qui se tiendra le 27 septembre. Cette manifestation inaugurera un nouveau partenariat visant à tirer parti de l’engagement des gouvernements, du système des Nations Unies, ainsi que des partenaires de la sécurité, du développement et de l’aide humanitaire et d’autres en faveur de la protection du patrimoine mondial, en appelant à la reconnaissance du rôle joué par le patrimoine culturel dans les efforts de maintien de la paix, d’aide humanitaire et de développement. Y interviendront des représentants gouvernementaux de haut niveau et des chefs de Secrétariat d’organismes des Nations Unies.

Le 24 septembre, la Directrice générale participera à une conférence de haut niveau sur la destruction du patrimoine culturel dans les zones de conflit organisée par l’Asia Society, la Coalition pour les antiquités et l’Institut du Moyen-Orient.  Les principaux intervenants y seront S. E. M. Ibrahim Al-Jaafari, Ministre des affaires étrangères de l’Iraq, S. E. M. Nasser Judeh, Ministre des affaires étrangères du Royaume hachémite de Jordanie, M. Kevin Rudd, Président de l’Institut stratégique de l’Asia Society, Mme Josette Sheeran, Présidente de l’Asia Society et Mme Deborah Lehr, Présidente de la Coalition pour les antiquités.

Le 29 septembre, la Directrice générale participera à une table ronde sur le thème : « Antiquités en zone de conflit : élaborer une riposte publique/privée pour sauver le patrimoine menacé de l’Iraq et de la Syrie », organisée par le Metropolitan Museum of Art et le Département d’État américain.

Le 29 septembre, la Directrice générale participera, au nom des Nations Unies, à un « Sommet des dirigeants sur la lutte contre l’EI et l’extrémisme violent », organisé par le Président des États-Unis, S. E. M. Barack Obama.

Le 28 septembre, la Directrice générale s’exprimera à la réunion annuelle de l’Alliance économique internationale sur le thème : « Culture et lutte contre l’extrémisme violent ». Au nombre des participants figureront S. E. Mme Rama N’Diaye Ramatoulaye Diallo, Ministre de la culture du Mali, S. E. M. Bert Koenders, Ministre des affaires étrangères des Pays-Bas,
S. E. M. Thomas Pickering, Mme Grete Faremo, Directrice exécutive du Bureau des Nations Unies pour les services d'appui aux projets et S. E. Mme Cynthia Schneider.

Mettre l’égalité des genres au service du développement durable

La Directrice générale prendra part à des manifestations de premier plan mettant en exergue le rôle de chef de file de l’UNESCO en matière d’égalité des genres et d’autonomisation des femmes au service d’un développement et d’une paix durables et son rôle de plaidoyer à cet égard.

Elle prononcera une allocution lors du Dialogue interactif 2 sur le thème « Lutter contre les inégalités, autonomiser les femmes et les filles et ne laisser personne en marge », organisé le 25 septembre et coprésidé par S. E. Mme Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic, Présidente de la République de Croatie, et S. E. M. Uhuru Kenyatta, Président de la République du Kenya. Ce dialogue visera à trouver des solutions en vue de lutter contre les inégalités au sein des pays et entre eux et à aider les pays dans des situations particulières, à accompagner tous les groupes vulnérables, à réaliser l’égalité des genres, et à assurer l’accès de tous à l’éducation, à la santé, à la protection sociale et à une eau potable et des services d’assainissement sûrs et bon marché.

La Directrice générale assistera à la cérémonie d’ouverture de la rencontre intitulée « Réunion de mobilisation des dirigeants du monde en faveur de l’égalité des sexes et de l’autonomisation des femmes : S’engager à agir », coorganisée le 27 septembre, 20 ans après les Déclaration et Programme d'action de Beijing, par la République populaire de Chine et ONU-Femmes. S. E. M. Xi Jinping, Président de la Chine, et M. Ban Ki-moon, Secrétaire général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies, prononceront une allocution. Cette manifestation réunira des chefs d’État et de gouvernement, qui s’engageront à accélérer la mise en œuvre de l’égalité des genres selon un calendrier conforme au programme de développement pour l’après-2015.

La Directrice générale participera à une manifestation organisée le 28 septembre par l’Université asiatique pour les femmes sur le thème « Sabaya, sœur, étudiante : surmonter la vulnérabilité par l’éducation ». Mme Rukmini Callimachi, deux fois finaliste du prix Pulitzer et correspondante étrangère du New York Times, Mme Elizabeth McCormack, Conseillère de la famille Rockefeller, et Mme Catherine Russell, Ambassadrice chargée de mission pour les questions mondiales concernant les femmes, seront au nombre des orateurs de marque.

En sa qualité de coprésidente de la Commission sur le large bande, la Directrice générale participera, le 24 septembre, au lancement du rapport du Groupe de travail sur la problématique hommes-femmes dans le haut débit intitulé « La cyber-violence à l’égard des femmes et des filles », auquel participeront également la baronne Beeban Kidron, Mme Anita Sarkeesian, porte-drapeau de la sécurité en ligne, Mme Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Directrice exécutive d’ONU-Femmes, et Mme Helen Clark, Administratrice du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement.

La Directrice générale participera à la réunion de la Commission « Le large bande au service du développement numérique », le 26 septembre. S. E. M. Paul Kagame, Président de la République du Rwanda, M. Caros Slim Helú, Président de la Fondation Carlos Slim, et M. Houlin Zhao, Secrétaire général de l’Union internationale des télécommunications, participeront également à la réunion.

Mme Bokova participera à la « Conférence internationale sur le développement durable », organisée le 23 septembre sur le thème « Mettre en œuvre les ODD : le démarrage » à l’Institut de la Terre de l’Université Columbia à New York. Cette conférence rassemblera des professionnels du secteur privé, du monde universitaire, de l’administration publique et de la société civile, ainsi que des étudiants des plus grandes universités du monde, deux jours avant la tenue du Sommet des Nations Unies, en vue de recenser et de partager des solutions pratiques, basées sur des faits, susceptible d’appuyer les ODD. Au nombre des orateurs éminents qui prendront la parole figureront S. E. Mme Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Présidente du Libéria, S. E. Mme Mary Robinson, ancienne Présidente de l’Irlande et Présidente du Conseil d'administration de la Fondation Mary Robinson, M. Jan Eliasson, Vice-Secrétaire général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies, ainsi que M. Jeffrey Sachs, Directeur de l’Université Columbia et Conseiller spécial du Secrétaire général de l’ONU pour les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement.

Pendant son séjour à New York, la Directrice générale tiendra une série de rencontres bilatérales en marge de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies.

La UNESCO en el 70º periodo de sesiones de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas y la adopción de la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015

Noticias - Lun, 21/09/2015 - 21:14

Un fuerte impulso en pro de la educación de calidad

En este contexto, la UNESCO reafirmará la importancia de la educación inclusiva y de calidad para todos a fin de alcanzar el desarrollo sostenible.

El 26 de septiembre, la Directora General participará en un acto de alto nivel organizado por la UNESCO en el marco de la Iniciativa Mundial “La educación ante todo” del Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas, titulado “Tender un puente entre los ODM y los ODS en pro de la Educación 2030”.

Este acto brindará una plataforma a los asociados, los países paladines de la Iniciativa y los defensores de los jóvenes para reunirse e impulsar la agenda Educación 2030, reafirmando su compromiso de situar la educación de calidad equitativa e inclusiva y el aprendizaje durante toda la vida en primer plano y en el centro en la aplicación de la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015. A este respecto, se tendrá muy presente la Declaración de Incheon, aprobada por 160 Estados Miembros y la comunidad de la educación en el Foro Mundial sobre la Educación 2015 que se celebró en Incheon (República de Corea) el 21 de mayo de 2015.

La Directora General inaugurará el acto en su calidad de Secretaria Ejecutiva del Comité Directivo de la Iniciativa. En la sesión de apertura pronunciarán discursos la Enviada Especial de la UNESCO para el Fomento de la Educación de las Niñas y las Mujeres y Primera Dama de China, la Sra. Peng Liyuan, la Presidenta de la República de Corea, la Excma. Sra. Park Geun-Hye, la ganadora del Premio Nobel de la Paz, la Srta. Malala Yousafzay, y el Enviado Especial de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación Mundial, el Sr. Gordon Brown.

El 30 de septiembre, la Directora General participará en una reunión de alto nivel titulada “Garantizar la inclusión del derecho a la educación en situaciones de emergencia en la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015”, organizada conjuntamente por las Misiones Permanentes de Benin, Bosnia y Herzegovina, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Noruega, Portugal, Qatar y el Reino Unido ante las Naciones Unidas. En la reunión se abordará la cuestión del derecho a la educación en situaciones de emergencia, con objeto de generar impulso político y formular propuestas concretas sobre el modo de defender este derecho en situaciones de emergencia.

En ese mismo contexto, el 29 de septiembre la Directora General tomará parte en una reunión organizada por la Coalición Mundial de Empresas para la Educación, en la que se hablará sobre la manera en que el sector empresarial puede colaborar con los donantes internacionales y las fundaciones para impulsar políticas, actividades de promoción y el logro de los resultados necesarios para que la educación sea prioritaria durante las situaciones de emergencia.

El 29 de septiembre, la Directora General participará en la primera reunión de la Comisión Internacional sobre la Financiación de las Oportunidades para la Educación Mundial, que se puso en marcha durante la Cumbre de Oslo sobre Educación para el Desarrollo en julio de 2015.

En un acto que tendrá lugar el 26 de septiembre, con motivo del 150º aniversario de la UIT, la Directora General subrayará la importancia de resolver la crisis de la educación de STEM (Ciencias, Tecnología, Ingeniería y Matemáticas) a la que se enfrenta actualmente el mundo.

Protección del patrimonio cultural y lucha contra el extremismo violento

La Directora General alertará en Nueva York acerca de la protección del patrimonio cultural y la lucha contra el tráfico ilícito de bienes culturales como imperativos de la seguridad y elementos esenciales para la consolidación de la paz y el desarrollo sostenible. La Directora General subrayará también la importancia de invertir en los jóvenes y del acceso a una educación de calidad como forma de contrarrestar el extremismo violento.

La UNESCO, junto con las Misiones Permanentes de Jordania e Italia ante las Naciones Unidas, así como la INTERPOL y la UNODC, está organizando un reunión de nivel ministerial titulada “Protección del patrimonio cultural: un imperativo para la humanidad”, que tendrá lugar el 27 de septiembre. Durante la reunión se presentará una nueva asociación de colaboración destinada a aprovechar los compromisos de los gobiernos, el sistema de las Naciones Unidas, la seguridad, el desarrollo y los asociados en labores humanitarias, así como de todas las demás instancias, en apoyo de la protección del patrimonio mundial, y se pedirá que se reconozca la importancia del patrimonio cultural en el mantenimiento de la paz y las tareas humanitarias y de desarrollo. En la reunión intervendrán representantes gubernamentales de alto nivel y directores de organismos de las Naciones Unidas.

El 24 de septiembre, la Directora General tomará parte en una conferencia de alto nivel sobre la destrucción del patrimonio cultural en situaciones de conflicto, organizada por Asia Society, Antiquities Coalition y el Middle East Institute. Entre los principales participantes cabe citar al Excmo. Dr. Ibrahim Al-Jaafari, Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores del Iraq, el Excmo. Sr. Nasser Judeh, Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores del Reino Hachemita de Jordania, el Sr. Kevin Rudd, Presidente del Instituto de Política de Asia Society, la Sra. Josette Sheeran, Presidenta de Asia Society, y la Sra. Deborah Lehr, Presidenta de Antiquities Coalition.

El 29 de septiembre, la Directora General participará en una mesa redonda sobre “Antigüedades en conflicto: forjar una nueva respuesta de los sectores público y privado para salvar el patrimonio en peligro del Iraq y Siria”, organizada por el Museo Metropolitano de Arte y el Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos.

El 29 de septiembre, Irina Bokova tomará parte, en nombre de las Naciones Unidas, en la “Cumbre de dirigentes sobre la lucha contra el EIIL y el extremismo violento”, que será acogida por el Presidente de los Estados Unidos, el Excmo. Sr. Barack Obama.

El 28 de septiembre, la Directora General pronunciará un discurso en la reunión anual de la Alianza Económica Internacional sobre el tema “La cultura y la lucha contra el extremismo violento”. Entre los participantes en la reunión figurarán la Excma. Sra. Rama N'Diaye Ramatoulaye Diallo, Ministra de Cultura de Malí, el Excmo. Sr. Bert Koenders, Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de los Países Bajos, el embajador Thomas Pickering, la Sra. Grete Faremo, Directora Ejecutiva de la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas de Servicios para Proyectos, y la embajadora Cynthia Schneider.

Aprovechar la igualdad de género para el desarrollo sostenible

La Directora General participará en varios eventos clave en los que se pondrá de relieve la labor de promoción y liderazgo de la UNESCO en materia de igualdad de género y empoderamiento de la mujer para el desarrollo sostenible y la paz duradera.

La Directora General hablará en el “Segundo diálogo para después de 2015 sobre la desigualdad, el empoderamiento de la mujer y el logro de no dejar a nadie atrás”, que tendrá lugar el 25 de septiembre y estará presidido conjuntamente por la Presidenta de la República de Croacia, la Excma. Sra. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic, y por el Presidente de la República de Kenya, el Excmo. Sr. Uhuru Kenyatta. En este diálogo se abordará la lucha contra las desigualdades dentro de los países y entre ellos y el apoyo a los países en situaciones especiales, el respaldo a todos los grupos vulnerables, el logro de la igualdad de género y el acceso de todos a la educación, la atención de la salud, la protección social y el saneamiento y el agua potable seguros y asequibles.

La Directora General asistirá a la ceremonia de inauguración del “Encuentro de dirigentes mundiales sobre igualdad de género y empoderamiento de la mujer: un compromiso con la acción”, que tendrá lugar el 27 de septiembre, 20 años después de la aprobación de la Declaración y Plataforma de Acción de Beijing, y que será organizado conjuntamente por la República Popular China y ONU-Mujeres. Su Excelencia el Sr. Xi Jinping, Presidente de China, y Ban Ki-moon, Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas, pronunciarán sendos discursos en la inauguración del encuentro. El acto reunirá a jefes de Estado y de Gobierno que se comprometerán a poner en práctica de forma acelerada la igualdad de género en un marco de tiempo adaptado a la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015.

La Directora General participará en un acto organizado por la Universidad de Asia para la Mujer titulado “Sabaya, hermana, estudiante: superar la vulnerabilidad mediante la educación”, que se celebrará el 28 de septiembre. Entre los oradores principales figurarán Rukmini Callimachi, finalista en dos ocasiones del Premio Pulitzer y corresponsal extranjera de The New York Times, Elizabeth McCormack, asesora de la familia Rockefeller, y Catherine Russell, embajadora en misión especial de los Estados Unidos para las cuestiones mundiales relativas a la mujer.

En su calidad de copresidenta de la Comisión de la banda ancha para el desarrollo digital, la Directora General tomará parte, el 24 de septiembre, en la presentación del informe sobre género de la Comisión relativo a la lucha contra la violencia en Internet contra las mujeres y las niñas, acto que contará con la participación de la baronesa Beeban Kidron y de la defensora de la seguridad en Internet, la Sra. Anita Sarkeesian, así como de la Sra. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Directora Ejecutiva de ONU-Mujeres, y la Sra. Helen Clark, Administradora del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo.

El 26 de septiembre, la Directora General participará en la reunión de la Comisión de la banda ancha para el desarrollo digital. El Presidente de la República de Rwanda, el Excmo. Sr. Paul Kagame, el Presidente de la Fundación Carlos Slim, el Sr. Carlos Slim Helú, y el Secretario General de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones, el Sr. Houlin Zhao, también participarán en la reunión.

El 23 de septiembre, Irina Bokova participará en la Conferencia Internacional sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible que, con el tema “Consecución de los ODS: primeros pasos”, se celebrará en el Instituto de la Tierra de la Universidad de Columbia en Nueva York. La Conferencia reunirá a profesionales del sector privado, el mundo académico, el gobierno y la sociedad civil, junto con estudiantes de las mejores universidades del mundo, dos días antes de la Cumbre de las Naciones Unidas, con objeto de encontrar y compartir soluciones prácticas y basadas en datos empíricos que puedan apoyar los ODS. Entre los oradores principales figurarán la Presidenta de Liberia, la Excma. Sra. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, la ex Presidenta de Irlanda y Presidenta de la Junta Directiva de la Fundación Mary Robinson, la Excma. Sra. Mary Robinson, el Vicesecretario General de las Naciones Unidas, el Sr. Jan Eliasson, y el Director de la Universidad de Columbia y Asesor Especial del Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, el profesor Jeffrey Sachs.

Durante su estancia en Nueva York, la Directora General mantendrá diversas reuniones bilaterales de forma paralela al periodo de sesiones de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas.

UNESCO at the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly and the Adoption of the Post-2015 Development Agenda

News - Lun, 21/09/2015 - 20:27

A Strong Push for Quality Education

In this context, UNESCO will reaffirm the importance of inclusive and quality education for all to achieve sustainable development.

The Director-General will participate in a high-level event on 26 September, organized by UNESCO within the framework of the UN Secretary-General’s Global Education First Initiative (GEFI), entitled “Bridging the MDGs to the SDGs for Education 2030”.

This will provide a platform for partners, GEFI Champion Countries and Youth Advocates to come together and advance the Education 2030 Agenda by reaffirming their commitment to put an equitable and inclusive quality education and lifelong learning up front and centre in the implementation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The event will underscore the Incheon Declaration, adopted by 160 Member States and the education community at the World Education Forum 2015 in Incheon, Republic of Korea on 21 May, 2015. 

The Director-General will open the event in her capacity as Executive Secretary of GEFI Steering Committee. UNESCO Special Envoy for the Advancement of Girls and Women's Education, and First Lady of China, Ms Peng Liyuan, the President of the Republic of Korea, H.E. Ms Park Geun-Hye, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Ms Malala Yousafzay, and UN Special Envoy for Global Education, Mr Gordon Brown, will address the opening session. 

The Director-General will participate in a High-Level Event on “Ensuring the Inclusion of the Right to Education in Emergencies in the Post-2015 Agenda”, on 30 September, co-hosted by the Permanent Missions of Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Norway, Portugal, Qatar and the United Kingdom to the United Nations. The event will highlight the right to education during emergencies, to generate political momentum and concrete proposals on how to uphold this right in emergency situations.

In the same context, the Director-General will participate in a meeting hosted by the Global Business Coalition for Education on 29 September, on how the business sector can work with international donors and foundations can drive the policy, advocacy and delivery needed so that education is a priority during emergencies.

On 29 September, the Director-General will take part in the first meeting of the International Commission on Financing of Global Education Opportunities, which was launched during the Oslo Education Summit for Development in July 2015.

In an event on 26 September, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the ITU, the Director-General will highlight the importance of solving the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education crisis that the world faces today.

Protecting Cultural Heritage and Countering Violent Extremism

The Director-General will raise the flag in New York for protecting cultural heritage and fighting against the illicit trafficking of cultural objects as a security imperative, essential for peacebuilding and sustainable development. The Director-General will underline the importance also of investing in youth and access to quality education to counter violent extremism. 

UNESCO is co-organizing a ministerial-level event with the Permanent Missions of Jordan and Italy to the UN as well as INTERPOL and UNODC entitled “Protecting Cultural Heritage: an Imperative for Humanity”, on 27 September. The event will launch a new partnership to leverage the commitments of governments, UN system, security, development and humanitarian partners as well as all others in support of the protection of world heritage, calling for recognition of the importance of cultural heritage in peacekeeping, humanitarian and development efforts. The event will include interventions by high level government representatives and Heads of UN agencies.

On 24 September, the Director-General will take part in a high-level conference on the destruction of cultural heritage in conflict organized by the Asia Society, the Antiquities Coalition and the Middle East Institute.  Key participants include H.E. Dr Ibrahim Al-Jaafari, Foreign Minister of Iraq, H.E. Mr Nasser Judeh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Mr Kevin Rudd, President of the Asia Society Policy Institute, Ms Josette Sheeran, President of the Asia Society, and Ms Deborah Lehr, Chair of the Antiquities Coalition.

On 29 September, the Director-General will participate in a Roundtable on “Conflict Antiquities: Forging a Public/Private Response to Save the Endangered Patrimony of Iraq and Syria”, organized by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the United States Department of State.

On 29 September, Irina Bokova is taking part, in the name of the United Nations, in the “Leaders’ Summit on Countering ISIL and Violent Extremism”, hosted by the President of the United States, H.E. Mr Barack Obama.

On 28 September, the Director-General will address the Annual International Economic Alliance on the subject of “Culture and Countering Violent Extremism.” Participants include S.E. Rama N’Diaye Ramatoulaye Diallo, Minister of Culture of Mali, H.E. Bert Koenders, Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands, Ambassador Thomas Pickering, Ms Grete Faremo, Executive Director of the United Nations Office for Project Services, and Ambassador Cynthia Schneider.

Harnessing Gender Equality for Sustainable Development

The Director-General will take part in key events highlighting the UNESCO’s advocacy and leadership in gender equality and the empowerment of women for sustainable development and lasting peace.

She will speak at the “Post-2015 Dialogue 2 on Inequalities, empowering women and leaving no one behind”, held on 25 September, co-chaired by the President of the Republic of Croatia, H.E. Ms Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic, and the President of the Republic of Kenya, H.E. Mr Uhuru Kenyatta. This Dialogue will be dedicated to tackling inequalities within and between countries and supporting countries in special situations; supporting all vulnerable groups; achieving gender equality; ensuring access for all to education, health care, social protection and safe and affordable drinking water and sanitation.

The Director-General will attend the opening ceremony of “Global Leaders’ Meeting on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment: A Commitment to Action”, held on 27 September, 20 years after the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, co-organized by the People’s Republic of China and UN Women. His Excellency Xi Jinping, President of China, and Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General will address the opening. The event will bring together Heads of State and Government to commit to the accelerated implementation of gender equality within a timeframe aligned to the post-2015 development agenda. 

The Director-General will participate in an event organized by the Asian University for Women on “Sabaya, Sister, Student: Overcoming Vulnerability through Education”, held on 28 September. Key speakers include Rukmini Callimachi, two-time Pulitzer Prize Finalist and foreign correspondent for The New York Times, Elizabeth McCormack, advisor to the Rockefeller family, and Catherine Russell, US Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues.

In her capacity as co-chair of the Broadband Commission, the Director-General will take part in the “Launch of the Broadband Gender Report on Combatting Online Violence against Women and Girls”, on 24 September, with the participation of Baroness Beeban Kidron and online safety advocate, Ms Anita Sarkeesian, as well as Ms Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN Women, and Ms Helen Clark, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme.

She will participate in the Meeting of the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Digital Development, on 26 September. The President of the Republic of Rwanda, H.E. Mr Paul Kagame, President of the Carlos Slim Foundation, Mr Caros Slim Helú, and the Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, Mr Houlin Zhao, will also participate in the meeting.

Irina Bokova will participate in the “International Conference on Sustainable Development”, on 23 September, under the theme “Implementing the SDG’s: Getting Started” at the Earth Institute in Columbia University in New York. This will bring together professionals from the private sector, academia, government and civil society, along with students from the world’s top universities, two days before the United Nations Summit to identify and share practical, evidence-based solutions that can support the SDGs. Key speakers include the President of Liberia, Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the Former President of Ireland, President of the Board of Trustees of the Mary Robinson Foundation, Her Excellency Mary Robinson, the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr Jan Eliasson, and the Director of Columbia University and Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General on the Millennium Development Goals, Professor Jeffrey Sachs.

In New York, the Director-General will hold a number of bilateral meetings in the margins of the UN General Assembly.

UNESCO issues new syllabi to support teaching of journalism for sustainable development

News - Vie, 18/09/2015 - 16:09

A new UNESCO publication titled Teaching Journalism for Sustainable Development: New Syllabi offers an insight into how such a process of critical rethinking can unfold in the classroom. A collection of 8 syllabi, the book clarifies how the social, political and environmental dimensions of sustainable development can be appropriated within the overall design of journalism curricula.

In his remarks on the syllabi, Getachew Engida, Deputy Director-General for Communication and Information, underscores what he calls “UNESCO’s unique normative role in promoting good practices and agenda-setting with regard to journalism education worldwide.”

“In this regard,” Engida argues, “the publication helps to extend our theoretical understanding of journalism as a responsive, dynamic and evolving practice. It is thus a significant step beyond the Model Curricula for Journalism Education originally published in 2007.”

Bringing together a diverse ensemble of journalism education experts internationally, the syllabi represent UNESCO’s ongoing attempt to integrate the notion of sustainable development into journalistic pedagogy, thereby extending the Model Curricula as well as the supplementary Compendium of New Syllabi.

In early September, the book was informally introduced to UNESCO’s Member States by Guy Berger, Director of the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, in a CI Knowledge Café presentation on UNESCO, the Internet and the SDGs.

Edited by Fackson Banda, a programme specialist with UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), the syllabi are set to be formally launched during the annual conference of ORBICOM – a network of UNESCO chairs in communication – to be held from 28 to 29 October 2015 at the Iberoamericana University in Mexico City.

The publication is a project of the IPDC’s Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism Education.

Internet Universality underlined as key for Sustainable Development at the 4th African Internet Governance Forum

News - Jue, 17/09/2015 - 16:19

Following the CONNECTing the Dots conference and outcome document underlining the significance of the Internet for human progress and its role in fostering inclusive Knowledge Societies, UNESCO presented the “internet universality” concept during the African School on Internet Governance, which brings together civil society professionals from across the continent prior to the Internet Governance Forum to discuss emerging issues in the changing ecological landscape of the internet in Africa. AfriSIG 2015, held in conjunction with APC's Gender in Internet Governance Xchange (GIGx) for Africa, was founded to ensure African multi-stakeholder participation in internet governance processes and a forum on the continent where government, civil society, businesses and technical people from across the region can develop strategies to ensure the internet assumes its rightful role in the post 2015 development agenda.

Following UNESCO’s presentation during AfriSIG and prior to the African Internet Governance Forum, UNESCO held a side event entitled “UNESCO’s Priority Africa and the Internet Study – Relevance to Human Rights Online.”  An overview of the Internet Study was presented, with a particular focus on the need for the internet to be rights based, open, accessible to all, and multi stakeholder. Following the overview of the study, a panel of the study in the context of Africa was moderated by Chris Kabwato from Highway Africa. Grace Githaiga (Kenya ICT Action Network) underlined the need for principles of freedom of expression to be translated to the digital environment. Ephraim Kenyanito, Dora Mawutor from the Media Foundation for West Africa, and Emilar Vushe from the Association for Progressive Communications articulated the ways in which issues of privacy, ethical dimensions of the information society, and access to knowledge and information are at the forefront of the agenda of debates on Internet Governance in Africa.

During the African Internet Governance Forum held at the African Union and as chair of the session on “Human Rights and the Internet,” UNESCO reiterated the need, in light of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and post-2015 development agenda, to place human rights at the heart of Internet Governance in Africa, using the concept of “internet universality” with its four guiding principles that the internet should be human rights based, open, accessible to all, and multi-stakeholder as a basis for ensuring human rights online.  UNESCO further underlined that “Internet Universality” accords with the Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression and also echoes the first resolution on “promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet” passed by UN Human Rights Council in 2012.  Lastly, UNESCO introduced the internet freedom series and recently published internet study “Keystones to Foster Inclusive Knowledge Societies” to underline cross cutting and emerging issues in the field related to free expression, privacy, ethics, and access. 

Linking current work by UNESCO to the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms, a Pan-African initiative to promote human rights standards and openness principles in internet-policy making on the continent, panelists from Nigeria, Gambia, and South Africa and participants of the African IGF recommended the need to use “internet universality” and the Declaration as guiding principles for emerging issues in the changing ecology of the internet in Africa to ensure the internet plays a central role in post 2015 development work.

La Directora General de la UNESCO condena el asesinato de la periodista colombiana Flor Alba Núñez Vargas

Noticias - Mié, 16/09/2015 - 15:21

“Condeno el asesinato de Flor Alba Núñez Vargas”, dijo la Directora General. “Una prensa libre va de la mano de una sociedad libre: si se ataca a una, se debilita a la otra. Por lo tanto, pido a las autoridades que hagan cuando esté en su mano para investigar este crimen y procesar a sus culpables”.

Flor Alba Núñez Vargas fue asesinada a la entrada de la sede de la emisora de radio La Preferida Estéreo, que dirigía y en la que presentaba un programa diario. Núñez era también corresponsal de las cadenas Canal 6, TV5 y Nación TV.


Contacto: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at),  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.


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