Agregador de canales de noticias
The session, held on 11 April and moderated by Dr Tchiadeu Gratien, a climatologist in the Department of Geography at the University of Douala, focused on journalism education as a ‘window of opportunity’ for introducing climate literacy into the classroom – and eventually into the newsroom.
Unveiling UNESCO’s recently published book Climate Change in Africa: a Guidebook for Journalists, Fackson Banda, programme specialist responsible for journalism education and knowledge-driven media development at UNESCO HQ in Paris, outlined the educational, democratic and developmental benefits of climate change journalism for African countries.
Another UNESCO publication introduced was the Compendium of New Syllabi, with Banda drawing the over 50 participants’ attention to the module on science journalism and bioethics, incorporating climate change.
The participants, who included teachers and students from Cameroon, Burkina Faso and France, decried the near lack of authoritative reporting on climate change, welcoming the UNESCO publications as important tools in the journalistic struggle to raise public awareness of the issue.
However, while many participants thought the books would be a useful resource, several wondered how the resource-constrained African media could undertake meaningful investigative climate change journalism, and asked if governments would provide an enabling environment.
In response, Banda informed the participants of UNESCO’s intergovernmental International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), including its annual grants for initiatives aimed at improving both the regulation and practices of media organisations in Africa.
The meeting recommended that students and teachers of communication and geography collaborate in their research projects on climate change and communication, drawing in insights from both disciplines to better shape the interdisciplinary basis of adaptation and mitigation of climate change.
The colloquium, held from 10 to 12 April, was the third in the series, with over 200 participants drawn from Cameroon, Canada, Belgium, Burkina Faso and France.
Speaking at three separate meetings, Deputy Director-General of UNESCO, Getachew Engida, affirmed the Organization’s commitment to promoting the values of free expression online, and to making a positive impact on the post-2015 development agenda and the next phase of the World Summit on the Information Society.
At the Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance, also known as NETmundial, Engida noted that the principle of free expression, along with others relevant to UNESCO, was integrated within the draft outcome statement of the conference
In his remarks, he also encouraged more emphasis in the outcome statement on social inclusion, gender equality, Africa, and Small Island Developing States, open access, and Media and Information Literacy as a frame for digital literacy.
The transition of the Internet Domain Name System should “maintain the openness, robustness, decentralized and interoperable nature of the Internet, while providing the means for a truly multi-stakeholder involvement in its governance,” Engida told the conference.
The UNESCO Deputy Director-General also spoke at the “Regional Expert Meeting on Internet, Freedom of Expression and Human Rights”, convened by the Office of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression and Instituto Demos, with the support of UNESCO Montevideo Office, Ford Foundation, the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee and Global Partners Digital.
More than 30 NGOs and experts based in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, United States, United Kingdom and Uruguay debated how to protect and promote Freedom of Expression in the Internet era.
Engida delivered closing remarks at the meeting, noting that the results of the discussion would serve as a contribution for UNESCO’s Comprehensive Study on Internet-Related issues, and he invited further responses from participants.
The third event engaged by the Deputy Director-General was a consultation by UNESCO, NIC.Br and LACNIC on draft Internet Indicators of relevance to UNESCO’s mandate.
In his opening statement, Engida described the evolution of UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators, and noted that the draft concept of Internet Universality could inform the process of identifying indicators for assessing issues in cyberspace.
The Internet Universality concept pinpoints the principles of human rights online, openness in the Internet ecosystem, digital accessibility for marginalised groups and languages, and multi-stakeholder participation.
“If the indicators reach a stage of elaboration that is ripe enough, we will present them to the UNESCO governing bodies for consideration,” said the UNESCO Deputy Director General.
Pending the official UN General Assembly decision on the modalities of the WSIS+10 Review process, now awaited for April 2014, UNESCO hosted the first WSIS+10 Review Event in February 2013, and ITU will have organized five preparatory meetings leading to the second, ITU hosted WSIS+10 Event in June 2014.
The fourth preparatory meeting took place from 14 to 17 April 2014. Participants nearly finished with the second reading of the two WSIS+10 “chapeau” documents - the implementation statement and vision documents, which are prepared for adoption by acclamation at the 2014 WSIS+10 meeting. The discussion of the important Human Rights and the cybersecurity parts of these documents will be re-opened at the fifth preparatory meeting, as participants did not deem them ready for agreement last week.
The negotiated/agreed text duly mentions the first UNESCO-hosted WSIS+10 Event and its Final Statement that was developed by a multistakeholder group at the 2013 Event and later endorsed by UNESCO’s 37th session of the General Conference by consensus. The participants agreed on the following:
“We note … the event titled “First WSIS+10 Review Event Towards Knowledge Societies, for peace and sustainable development” hosted by UNESCO and co-organized with ITU, UNCTAD and UNDP in February 2013 and its results.”
At last week’s meeting, a considerable number of participants questioned the possibility of finalizing the Human Rights and cybersecurity references, plus 18 Action Line texts at the next four-day preparatory meeting.
UNESCO reiterated its willingness to continue doing everything possible to facilitate a successful second WSIS+10 Event with satisfying outcomes.
UNESCO produced and distributed hardcopies of 10 years WSIS+10 review publication, informing participants about what has been achieved, of remaining gaps and ways forward, particularly for the 6 Action Lines facilitated by UNESCO.
Deputy Director General, Mr Getachew Engida, and the Director of UNESCO’s Division for Knowledge Societies, Mr Indrajit Banerjee, will raise issues related to UNESCO’s mandate – particularly on freedom of expression and access to knowledge.
“Also on our agenda is to promote participation in UNESCO’s comprehensive study of Internet issues, which we have launched according to the mandate of the November 2014 General Conference of the 195 member states of the Organisation,” said Engida.
The delegation will be supported by the UNESCO Office in Brasilia, headed by Lucien André Muñoz, and by Guilherme Canela Godoi, Regional Advisor for Communication and Information in Montevideo.
NETmundial is convened to discuss two important issues relevant for the future evolution of the Internet, in an open and multistakeholder fashion: Internet Governance Principles and Roadmap for the future evolution of the Internet Governance Ecosystem.
UNESCO has submitted two substantial written contributions to NETmundial on:
- Internet Universality: A Means Towards Building Knowledge Societies and the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda;
- UNESCO comprehensive study on Internet-related.
UNESCO contributions have received positive feedback from stakeholders and the proposed Internet Universality principles including freedom of expression, openness, accessibility to all and multi-stakeholder participation have been widely quoted and reiterated by stakeholders.
UNESCO has proposed several amendments to the draft outcome statement on its paragraphs 6, 15, 25, 32 and 33 and 34, highlighting the need to address social inclusion, gender, Africa, Small Island Developing States, open access to education resources, and Media and Information Literacy.
While in Sao Paolo, members of the UNESCO team will attend a consultation on freedom of expression convened by the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, and a consultation meeting on Internet indicators with NIC.BR and LACNIC.
There will also be discussions with Regional Centre of Studies for the Development of the Information Society under the auspices of UNESCO (CETIC.br), and electronic publishing partnership SCIELO.
For further information, contact:
- Lucien André Munoz
UNESCO Representative to Brazil
Tel: +55.61 96 66 95 46
Ces formations avaient pour objectif de sensibiliser les journalistes aux défis posés à la sécurité de leurs communications, ainsi qu’à celle de leurs sources, de leur fournir des outils et techniques pour protéger leur navigation sur l’internet, de se protéger contre les intrusions sur l’ordinateur et messagerie électronique, ainsi que d’optimiser la sécurité de leurs données digitales.
« Les ordinateurs de certains participants étaient infectés par plus de 130 virus, je n’avais jamais observé de cas aussi graves durant ma carrière » a précisé Bahaa Nasr formateur au sein de l’IWPR – Liban. L’une des participantes a déclaré : « je réalise aujourd’hui à quel point mon ordinateur et mes données étaient vulnérables et le risque que je fais encourir à l’ensemble des collègues de la rédaction ».
Ce projet se situe dans la continuité du travail effectué par l’UNESCO depuis la Révolution du 14 janvier 2011 en Tunisie. Il vise à l’amélioration de la sécurité des journalistes travaillant en Tunisie, notamment les femmes journalistes, ainsi qu’à la promotion de la liberté d’expression afin de soutenir le processus de transition démocratique en cours.
Ces formations ont été rendues possibles grâce au soutien financier de la Finlande, ainsi que la coopération du bureau de RSF à Tunis et du Centre Tunisien pour la Liberté de la Presse.
The three-day workshop focused on UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators (MDIs), a tool for assessing media development in a given country that can identify areas in which assistance is most needed. The associated Journalists’ Safety Indicators were also introduced.
Participants in last week’s workshop praised the rigor and breadth of the MDI framework, which they said could provide a valuable tool for media research and development in the Arab region.
The MDIs “provide an excellent opportunity for gathering information that is badly needed in this part of the world,” said Nabil Dajani, Professor of Media Studies at the American University in Beirut. “I have been trying for years to collect such information. With this approach you can come out with facts, with information that is really relevant and that will help develop the media situation in the Arab world.”
Dima Dabbous, Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Arts at the Lebanese American University, agreed, calling the MDIs a “wonderful way of measuring or mapping progress” through a common methodology that can be used by researchers in different countries.
Both participants also saw the MDIs as a pedagogical method that they could bring to their university courses to train future media researchers.
For Mohammed Abdulrahman, Partners and Intenational Development Coordinator at Radio Netherlands Worldwide, the training workshop was “vitally important” for his work in developing partnerships with media organizations in the Arab region, by providing a way to assess the strengths and needs of potential partners.
The workshop also allowed participants to exchange with other researchers with shared interests from across the region.
“I will leave this conference not only having learned more about the MDIs themselves, but also with a large network of Arab professionals with whom I can connect later on to do more research in this common field,” said Dabbous.
In addition to the benefits to the participants, the workshop was also strategically important for UNESCO’s ongoing work to promote freedom of expression and media development in the Arab region.
MDI-based assessments have been completed in 11 countries and are currently underway in 18 others. In the Arab region, such assessments have been completed in Egypt and Tunisia, are underway in Iraq, Libya and Palestine, and are planned in several other countries.
“Through this regional workshop, UNESCO was able to achieve two important objectives,” said Saorla McCabe, coordinator of the MDI initiative. “Firstly, it allowed us to build a pool of potential partners for future MDI-based assessments in the Arab region, comprising high-level media researchers with excellent knowledge of the region. Secondly, we could fine-tune the Organization’s approach to applying the MDIs in this particular context, through an interactive discussion on the most appropriate research methods and data sources, challenges and opportunities.”
The workshop was supported by two regional extrabudgetary projects: Promoting an Enabling Environment for Freedom of Expression: Global Action with Special Focus on the Arab Region, financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), and Promoting Freedom of Expression in Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen, financed by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators were endorsed by the Intergovernmental Council of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) in 2008.
They have since been recognized internationally by major actors in the media development field, including the United Nations Development Programme, the World Bank, the Council of Europe, the International Federation of Journalists, International Media Support, the Media Foundation for West Africa and the Doha Centre for Media Freedom.
The workshops aimed at sensitizing journalists about challenges they face regarding the security of their communications and their sources. Participants have been equipped with tools and techniques enabling them to secure their Internet browsing, to protect themselves against intrusions into their computer and email as well as to enhance the security of their digital data.
“Computers of some participants have been infected by more than 130 viruses. I had never seen such serious cases during my career,” said Bahaa Nasr, trainer from IWPR. One of the participant stated, “I realize now to which extent my computer and my data have been vulnerable, and the risk to which I subject all my newsroom colleagues.
This project is being implemented in the framework of the UNESCO’s work conducted in Tunisia since the Revolution of 14 January 2011. It aims at enhancing the safety of journalists working in Tunisia, particularly female journalists, and at promoting freedom of expression in order to support the undergoing process of transition towards democracy.
The training workshops were made possible through financial support of Finland, and in cooperation with the Reporters without Borders Office in Tunis and the Tunisian Centre for Press Freedom.
The training, which brought together 20 participants (11 men and 8 women), was a second in the series of workshops aimed at building capacities of Kenyan journalists to report on gender sensitive issues in order to promote women leadership in counties’ governments. These trainings also have for objective to promote more diverse and gender-sensitive media and to increase the overall professional capacity of journalists in Kenya.
The training in Nyeri County equipped participants with skills necessary to prepare gender-balanced reports and to focus on the importance of gender issues for development. “The training made me understand how cultural stereotypes have side-lined women as media sources and subjects, presenting them as victims while they do have positive stories and ideas to share with the public,” stated Seth Mwaniki a participant from The People newspaper.
According to Carol Nderi, a journalist working for the Kenya Television Network (KTN), the constitution stipulates the need for public involvement in the county government. The emphasis has, therefore, be placed on the empowerment of women and the youth as sources and subjects of news stories.
Florence Mwaniki, a participant from Kangema Ranet, said, “The fact that the counties have only few women as representatives is due to the little coverage given to women candidates by the local media during the last year’s elections.” “Media need to change this perspective for the upcoming elections,” she added.
The training was based on the Media Monitoring Reports 2013 issued by the country’s Media Council as well as UNESCO studies, such as Getting the balance right: gender equality in journalism, showing that women are rarely considered as credible news sources and have to struggle to receive coverage and legitimacy in the eyes of media and the public at large.
This activity was supported by the UN Joint Programme on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in Kenya.
He was speaking at a symposium in London on 7 April, hosted by BBC Global News and the Centre for Freedom of the Media, called ‘Making the Protection of Journalists A Reality: Time to end Impunity’.
Horrocks countered reservations in the media about proactive engagement on safety issues, adding that “major news organizations have a special responsibility to show leadership”.
Other speakers also made reference to the UN Plan, including the Director of the Committee to Protect Journalists, Joel Simon. He said that the UN had made a high level commitment to the safety of journalists, and that defined progress was needed if this was to be more than public relations.
Speaking at the symposium, the UNESCO Director of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Guy Berger, noted increasing momentum in the UN. He pointed to:
- the December 2013 resolution at the UN General Assembly which created the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists on 2 November each year.
- the recent Human Rights Council resolution in March 2014 which recognised the importance of safety for journalists in the coverage of peaceful protests.
The BBC symposium included a protest (pictured above) led by Peter Horrocks, which was staged in front of the BBC building, and called for the release of journalists on trial and an end to impunity for the killers of journalists.
Reporters Sans Frontiers Director Christof Deloire criticised states that “protect their image more than protecting journalists.” Other speakers described conditions in several regions, noting that some governments sought to protect their image by persecuting journalists – an action that paradoxically harmed their image even more.
Further discussion addressed how court rulings, although often slow to secure, could set precedents to assist the safety of journalists. Also addressed was the importance of supporting families of killed journalists especially given their leading role in securing justice for their slain relatives.
Cherilyn Ireton, Director of the World Editors Forum, said it was time to move the story of safety of journalists from the news rooms to the news pages.
L’étude sur le droit à l’information publique apporte une mise à jour conséquente sur les évolutions récentes de la promulgation de lois de liberté d’information (FOI) et de bonnes pratiques au niveau international. À travers une courte synthèse des conjonctures internationales et nationales actuelles, la publication favorise les normes internationales sur la loi FOI et présente des histoires à succès qui ont permis de mieux concrétiser les avantages de ce droit de par le monde, notamment en se référant aux actions de promotion de la société civile. L'étude se destine à deux usages : elle constitue une référence de recommandations pour les décideurs et les pouvoirs publics qui ont mis en place la législation FOI dans un pays donné, mais aussi un outil de référence pour tous les défenseurs de la FOI.
Par ailleurs, cette publication insiste sur le lien qu'il existe entre l'accès à l'information d’une part et la promotion des droits des femmes et l'égalité des sexes d’autre part. En se basant sur différents cas, elle montre que les organismes publics détiennent des informations d’une importance capitale pour différents aspects de la vie des femmes, comme l'éducation, la santé, l'accès aux programmes sociaux, les possibilités de prêts et les activités lucratives. Améliorer l'accès à ce genre d'information peut avoir un effet positif sur leur bien-être et sur leur participation dans la sphère publique. De plus, l'étude examine comment l'accès à l'information détenue par les pouvoirs publics peut aider à révéler des cas de violation des droits des femmes.
Au Maroc, hormis les personnes impliquées dans la promotion de la société civile ou dans les pouvoirs publics, seul un nombre restreint de personnes connaissent le droit à l'accès à l'information publique, son lien direct avec les besoins des individus et son utilité pour plus de transparence, de justice sociale et de lutte contre la corruption. Après la reconnaissance du droit à l'information par la Constitution marocaine en 2011, les débats sur la promulgation d'une loi FOI sont en cours, et il est impératif de diffuser largement la connaissance de ce droit.
Conçu pour le contexte particulier du Maroc, le guide Accéder à l'information c'est notre droit donne des informations d'ordre général sur la FOI comme droit universel, ainsi que des détails pratiques sur les moyens d'accès à l'information publique au Maroc. En outre, la publication comporte des recommandations adressées aux différents partenaires afin de s'assurer que la liberté d'information est garantie de façon efficace au Maroc ; elle comprend également quelques bonnes pratiques et histoires à succès concernant ce sujet.
The citizens of the 21st Century live in a digital, connected and media saturated world. Cultural and religious exchange, peace among nations and efforts to eliminate inequalities are all mediated by media and technology.
Faced with the choice between privacy and safety on the Internet, between freely expressing themselves and to ethically use information, the media and technology - women, men and young boys and girls need new types competencies.
Media and information literacy (MIL) offers these competencies. Education for all must therefore include media and information literacy for all.
This European MIL Forum is being organised within the frame of the Global Alliance for Partnerships on MIL and will bring together experts, teachers, media, information and technology professionals, industry, schools, audio-visual authorities, researchers, foundations, civil society organizations as well as political and regulatory authorities with the aim to promote the need for national MIL policies in Europe and globally.
The main objective of the forum is to contribute to the proposal of recommendations for the inclusion of Media and Information Literacy in European school curricula and the development of initiatives in the field of informal education and education for disadvantaged groups.
The findings of the European Media Education Research (EMEDUS) and the COST/Translit projects, both supported by the European Commission, will be presented during the Forum.
Resulting from in-depth research in 27 European countries, the EMEDUS project has proposed recommendations to improve MIL among the citizens of the region. This conference will foster debate in order to discuss and readjust recommendations.
The event will also enable discussion about the creation of a collaborative platform that constitutes the European Chapter of the Global Alliance for Partnership on MIL.
To participate, please register through the Conference website by 28 April.
Berger highlighted the normative work of the UN system in regard to threats to human rights online, and encouraged delegates to participate in the current UNESCO comprehensive study on the Internet.
The importance of privacy for journalistic sources was highlighted in his remarks, as well as the way UNESCO’s constitution links the securing of peace to freedom of expression.
“The conference discussions ranged through cyberwarfare, surveillance, data security, and Internet governance models, as well as digital defence for human rights defenders,” said Berger.
“My contribution was to highlight the UN context as part of a holistic perspective of digital defence, and as underpinning factors such as individual digital literacy, policies for human rights and media organizations, and the role of Internet intermediaries and governments.”
The UNESCO official also met with members of IFEX, the international network defending and promoting freedom of expression to discuss World Press Freedom Day, and the International Day of Action to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists.
Berger’s remarks are available here.
The study on the right to access public information provides an important update on recent developments in the implementation of freedom of information (FOI) laws and good practices worldwide. Through a brief history of the recent international and national contexts, the publication promotes international standards on FOI legislation and showcases experiences that contributed to more fully materialize the benefits of this right around the world, including by referring to civil society advocacy actions. The study is intended to serve as a source of guidelines for policy-making and public officials who have to implement FOI legislation in a given country, as well as a reference tool for FOI advocates in general.
This publication also highlights the link between access to information and the promotion of women’s rights and gender equality. By making reference to different cases, it shows that public bodies hold information of critical importance for women’s lives, related, for instance, to education, health, access to social programmes, loan opportunities and income-generating activities. Enhanced access to this type of information can positively impact on their well-being and participation in the public sphere. Furthermore, the study explores how access to information held by government can help expose cases of violation of women’s rights.
In Morocco, very few persons beyond those involved in civil society advocacy or government know about the right to access public information, its direct connection to people's needs and its utility for further accountability, social justice and the fight against corruption. Following the recognition of the right to information in the 2011 Moroccan Constitution, discussions regarding the enactment of a FOI law are ongoing, and fostering widespread knowledge about this right is crucial.
Produced with the specific Moroccan context in mind, the guide Access to information is our right provides general information about FOI as a universal right, as well as more practical details on the means to access public information in Morocco. In addition, the publication includes recommendations addressed to different stakeholders, seeking to ensure that freedom of information is effectively guaranteed in Morocco, as well as some good practices or success stories related to this topic.
Within the framework of the new and innovative YouthMobile Initiative, UNESCO conducted a global search and invited experts from 15 initiatives from 12 countries to share their training materials, critical success factors, and the challenges of scaling to national levels.
The UNESCO YouthMobile Initiative aims to directly engage young people—with particular attention to young women—to acquire the high-level skills and confidence to develop, promote, and sell mobile applications.
By 2017, UNESCO is seeking to train over 25,000 young people to release at least 5,000 mobile applications especially for areas of sustainable development. The YouthMobile Strategy has 3 stages:
- Identify the best, existing, openly-licensed training materials;
- Work with Ministries of Education, Youth, and Employment to integrate the training materials; and
- Launch the 1st Global List of Mobile Apps Competitions
To identify the best, existing training materials in mobile applications development for young people, UNESCO conducted a global search and applied a rigorous Assessment Criteria to identify the best training providers. The following training providers were invited to the Experts Meeting to share best practices and plan the way forward:
- Women in Technology, Uganda
- m:Lab East Africa / eMobilis, Kenya
- Nairobi Dev School, Kenya
- The MASH Project, India
- FOSSASIA, Vietnam
- Technovation, USA
- Apps For Good, England
- Esprit, Tunisia
- AppInventor.MIT.EDU, USA
- AllDevCamp, Cote d'Ivoire
- Mozilla / Appmaker, USA
- Orange, France
- Free Software and Open Source Foundation for Africa, Côte D’Ivoire
“We wanted to assess their training programmes, and to work out the pathways for scaling up their program to national levels in order to reach critical mass of students,” said Mr Abel Caine, Programme Specialist in the Knowledge Societies’ Division and the project’s co-leader. “Each of these training providers only engages about 200 students at a time, while we’re aiming for viable strategies to reach many thousands of students at a time.”
Mr Davide Storti, Programme Specialist in the UNESCO Knowledge Societies Division and co-lead on the YouthMobile Initiative identifies the lack of scaling opportunities as a crucial UNESCO contribution. “What none of them have are the contacts and resources that we have at UNESCO with Ministries of Educations, Science, Culture, Youth, Labour, and ICT as well as teacher training institutions, Consultative NGOs, and specialist networks such as the ASP Network of Schools.”
The Experts Meeting opened with a captivating presentation by Dr. Indrajit Banerjee, Director of the UNESCO Knowledge Societies Division in which he stressed the importance of ICT and Open Solutions for sustainable development.
The experts delivered a series of presentations on their initiatives and engaged in spirited dialogue, brainstorming, and collaboration on how to identify the ideal mobile app training material as well as ways to integrate these training materials into formal and informal teaching and learning environments.
Among the experts participating in the meeting was Ms Barbara Birungi, Director of the Women in Technology Initiative (WITU) from Uganda who praised the UNESCO initiative. “Over 51% of the population of Uganda is youth, with a lot of unemployment. There are a high number of mobile phones coming in so I see a possibility of YouthMobile contributing to solving the unemployment problem in Uganda.”
Ken Mwenda, Managing Director of eMobilis, Kenya said “For us, it is a really exciting space to be in because young people are able to solve problems in their local communities, creating locally relevant apps. And hopefully also create entrepreneurial ventures that help them employ others.”
The Experts Meeting contributed to the global celebrations for the 2014 International Women’s Day and Open Education Week.
Next steps for UNESCO include organizing country or regional workshops to gain insight from a wide range of stakeholders, and to present comprehensive plans to Governments.
Vers de nouveaux objectifs : La Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse met l’accent sur les objectifs du développement durable
Chaque année, la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, célébrée le 3 mai, nous rappelle la nécessité de créer un environnement médiatique libre, indépendant et pluraliste. La célébration de cette année met l’accent sur le thème global Vers de nouveaux objectifs : les médias libres, soutiens de l’agenda pour le développement post-2015.
La conférence accordera une importance particulière à plusieurs thèmes interdépendants : le rôle des médias libres dans le renforcement de la bonne gouvernance et le développement durable, la sécurité des journalistes comme prérequis de l’état de droit, l’accès à l’information et la transparence.
La Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, célébrée dans plus de 100 pays à travers le monde, mettra en valeur la nécessité d’inclure la liberté d’expression et l’accès à des médias indépendants et à l’information dans les objectifs de développement durable post-2015.
La cérémonie du Prix UNESCO/Guillermo Cano de la liberté de la presse 2014 aura lieu le 2 mai 2014 au siège de l’UNESCO.
L’enregistrement en ligne, la note d’intention, l’agenda provisoire et toute information d’ordre général sont disponible sur notre site : http://www.unesco.org/webworld/fr/wpfd.
Every year, the World Press Freedom Day, which falls on 3 May, reminds us the need to create a free, independent and pluralistic media environment. This year’s celebration focuses on the global theme “Reaching New Goals: Free media fortifies the post-2015 Development Agenda”.
The conference itself will focus on the interrelated issues of the role of free media in strengthening good governance and sustainable development, the safety of journalists as a prerequisite element of the rule of law, access to information and transparency.
World Press Freedom Day, which is celebrated in about 100 countries globally, will highlight the need to include freedom of speech and access to independent media and information in post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals.
The annual UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize ceremony will take place on 2 May 2014 at UNESCO Headquarters.
The event registration page, concept note, tentative agenda and other general information are available online at http://www.unesco.org/webworld/en/wpfd.
Forty-two percent of the funding targeted Africa – a region that UNESCO treats as a ‘global priority’. In comparison, 23,5% of the funds will support projects in the Asia-Pacific as well as the Latin-American and Caribbean regions while 10% was earmarked for the Arab region. European project support represents one percent of the budget envelope.
An additional allocation of US$ 20,000 was provided to support the application of the UNESCO/IPDC Journalists’ Safety Indicators (JSIs), a subset of UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators (MDIs) designed to assess the level of journalists’ safety in a given country. The purpose of the tool is also to measure the actions undertaken by various stakeholders in promoting safety and tackling the impunity of crimes committed against media workers. As such, it will help evaluate progress in the implementation of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.
The IPDC Bureau also set aside US$ 15,000 as seed funding for the Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism Education, which intends to promote partnerships among schools of journalism around a set of core principles of excellence in teaching, research and professional outreach.
The meeting involved discussions on the IPDC’s other standard-setting and normative initiatives. These included an update on the knowledge-driven media initiative, which seeks to enhance the role of knowledge in informing UNESCO’s media development efforts. Bureau members were also presented with a report focusing on the impact of the MDI-based assessments of national media landscapes carried out to date.
The Bureau confirmed that the topic of the thematic debate at the next session of the IPDC Intergovernmental Council on 19-21 November 2014 would be ‘Online privacy and freedom of expression’.
The IPDC Bureau is the body in charge of project selection and allocation of funds, and includes representatives of Member States from each of UNESCO’s different regional groups.
Despite rapidly advancing technological developments, fully open and accessible research and innovation has not been put into widespread practice until today. Appreciating the continuous persistence of the ”knowledge challenge”, UNESCO’s Open Access programme is designed to foster the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to make peer-reviewed research accessible to all.
Within the same context, UNESCO co-organized with the German and the Netherlands National Commissions for UNESCO, a Regional Consultation on “Open Access to Scientific Information and Research – Concept and Policies” on 20 and 21 November 2013. Third in its series, the Consultation was hosted by the German Commission for UNESCO in Berlin. The meeting for Europe and North America followed previous Regional Consultations on Open Access for Eastern and Central Europe and the Baltic States (5-7 September 2012) as well as Latin American and the Caribbean (5-8 March 2013). The consultation discussed issues such as:
- Implementation of the UNESCO Open Access Strategy;
- Open Access implementation in participating countries, essentially to identify current barriers, and share best practices;
- GOAP templates and country information, and possible improvements;
- Analysis for anticipating foreseeable trends and emerging challenges;
- Partnerships and collaboration among stakeholders as an enabling mechanism.
The recommendations agreed during the consultation are expected to provide a new dynamism and context for the Open Access to Scientific Research and Scholarly Publications. It will also help to develop measures for continuous assessment of implementation of the strategy in relation to its agreed schedules, the use of inputs, priorities, and to develop basis to involve relevant stakeholders.
Unveiled during the 58th bureau meeting of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), the report attempts to clarify what UNESCO sees as an opportunity for the international community to make explicit the connection between free, independent and pluralistic media and sustainable development.
The brief was referenced in an update on the status of the IPDC-endorsed Knowledge-Driven Media Development initiative presented by Fackson Banda, a programme specialist in UNESCO’s Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development.
The presentation highlighted the fact that the IPDC had collected enough data from its media development project implementation to enable Member States make an informed judgment on how effective independent media could be in supporting their development objectives.
The brief outlines three key arguments as to how this case can be made. These include the fact that there is enough empirical evidence to suggest that free media can impact positively on sustainable development. Another argument is that any support for free media as an integral part of democracy and development is indicative of good governance – an issue that the report stresses the UN Open Working Group has consistently referred to in its reports.
The final argument is centred on the idea that supporting free media actually lives up to the core normative mandate of the UN system -- as agreed to by many Member States.
The Bureau meeting, held from 20 to 21 March 2014 at UNESCO’s Headquarters in Paris, also heard how the Organization was positioning itself to generate knowledge that could be used to enhance media support globally and thus continue to contribute towards building a coherent evidence base for the media’s role in different facets of sustainable development.
The Bureau members were presented with an analytical report based on the IPDC implementation reports prepared by the Programme’s over 200 grantees. The report – a key part of UNESCO’s contribution to the media-development debate – covered several issues, including the need for a clearer understanding of the cultural and institutional context of IPDC project implementation.
In welcoming the update on the status of the initiative, Bureau members noted that UNESCO was best placed to offer evidence-based insights into the relationship between media development and sustainable development.
Au-delà des statistiques : Appel aux récits sur des journalistes ayant trouvé la mort dans l’exercice de leur profession
C’est dans ce contexte que l’UNESCO lance un appel aux médias dans le but de produire un récit sur un journaliste assassiné afin qu’il soit publié ou diffusé, dans leur langue et dans leur média. Par la suite, l'UNESCO sélectionnera certains de ces articles qui seront diffusés le 3 mai sur le site de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, dans notre rubrique annuelle intitulée « Au-delà des statistiques ».
Cette année, nous consacrons la page : « Au-delà des statistiques » aux journalistes décédés en 2013. La mémoire de ces personnes est commémorée sur le site de la condamnation par l’UNESCO des assassinats de journalistes.
Merci de nous contacter en avance si vous souhaitez participer. Si vous souhaitez de plus amples renseignements, dont des informations supplémentaires sur la sécurité des journalistes au niveau mondial, les personnes de contact sont M. Ming-Kuok Lim (firstname.lastname@example.org) et Mme Lien de Tavernier (email@example.com), Division de la liberté d'expression et du développement des médias.