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Safety of journalists brought closer to academic community thanks to Helsingin Sanomat Foundation

News - Thu, 22/09/2016 - 15:03

Reeta Pöyhtäri, Research Fellow funded by the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation in the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO headquarters, coordinated UNESCO’s Journalists’ Safety Indicators (JSI), providing her expertise and oversight to their application in three different countries and facilitating academic cooperation on the safety of journalists.

Speaking about the relevance of the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation research fellowship to UNESCO, Pöyhtäri explains: “The funding for the fellowship has been a great support for UNESCO's work on safety of journalists. Concretely it meant that an expert was working on the topic of safety of journalists for two years. This has enabled strengthening the JSI initiative as a part of UNESCO's regular programme. It has also led to the creation of a new line of programmatic work, namely establishing the academic cooperation on safety of journalists’ research.”

UNESCO’s Journalists' Safety Indicators were developed within the context of the UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. JSI serve to identify the actions that are taken by the various relevant stakeholders in promoting journalists’ safety and fighting impunity at the national level. “The support of the Foundation has been invaluable for UNESCO to have the capacity for fully establishing the Journalists’ Safety Indicators,” commented Guy Berger, UNESCO’s Director of the Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development.

The Helsingin Sanomat Foundation Research Fellow also helped to bring closer UNESCO’s work on safety of journalists to the academic community by consolidating UNESCO’s research agenda on the safety of journalists.

“The safety of journalists is a complex matter. It has typically been researched and analyzed as a part of some larger phenomenon or specific circumstances. This is of course important, but it is equally important to have the focus on safety itself,” Pöyhtäri said. “The research agenda worked as a source of ideas and inspiration, as it gives researchers ideas on the type of relevant and necessary knowledge” she added.

The issue of safety of journalists was also presented in several international communication conferences. “I must say that academia has been very welcoming and interested in the topic and keen on cooperation. The academic community has also shown their own initiative and has already started creating new forms of cooperation,” Pöyhtäri said.

Recalling some of the most relevant achievements, Pöyhtäri points out the International Journalism Safety Research Network, which was launched by the Centre for Freedom of the Media (CFOM) at the University of Sheffield with support of UNESCO, as well as UNESCO’s first Safety of Journalists Research Conference, which was held during the 2016 World Press Freedom Day celebration in Helsinki, thanks to the support of the UNESCO Chair at the University of Gothenburg.

Pöyhtäri was the first Helsingin Sanomat research fellow at UNESCO. As the Foundation promotes and supports high-level research on freedom of expression, cooperation with UNESCO’s work on safety of journalists contributed to the foundation’s mission. “The Helsingin Sanomat Foundation highly values the work UNESCO is doing on safety of journalists and the issue of impunity,” said Ulla Koski, President of the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation. “We are very pleased that during the past two years the foundation has been able to contribute to this remarkable work.”

Pöyhtäri says she will continue her engagement to raise public knowledge about journalists’ safety: “I will in the near future collaborate on the safety of journalists’ research publication that is based on the 2016 World Press Freedom Day conference. I will give lectures on the topic to future journalists, as well as participate in related academic events. Safety of journalists has now become a part of my research activities, and therefore it is very natural that I will be working to raise public knowledge on the issue as well.”

La Directora General condena el asesinato del periodista mexicano Aurelio Cabrera Campos

Noticias - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 17:11

Condeno el asesinato de Aurelio Cabrera Campos”, dijo la Directora General. “Pido a las autoridades que investiguen este crimen y procesen a sus culpables. Los ataques contra profesionales de los medios no deben permanecer impunes”.

Aurelio Cabrera Campos, director del semanario El Gráfico de la Sierra Norte, que había fundado este año, fue baleado el 14 de septiembre y murió un día después como resultado de sus heridas.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

Lancement du Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO/Guillermo Cano 2017

Actualités - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 16:57

Créé en 1997 par le Conseil exécutif de l'UNESCO, le Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse est destiné à distinguer une personne, une organisation ou une institution qui a contribué d’une manière notable à la défense et/ou à la promotion de la liberté de la presse où que ce soit dans le monde, surtout si pour cela elle a pris des risques.

Doté d’un montant de 25 000 USD, le prix est décerné tous les ans lors d’une cérémonie officielle à l’occasion de la conférence de la Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse, le 3 mai.

La Journée mondiale de la liberté de la presse 2017 aura lieu à Djakarta, Indonésie, le 3 mai 2017.

Le Prix est financé par les Fondations Cano (Colombie) et Helsingin Sanomat (Finlande).

Présentation des candidatures :

Pour proposer des candidats, veuillez envoyer le formulaire dûment rempli en anglais ou en français, avant le 15 février 2017, par courrier normal ou électronique à :

UNESCO
Division de la liberté d’expression, de la démocratie et de la paix
1, rue Miollis
75732 Paris cedex 15
France
Tel: 33.1.45.68.42.12
Fax: 33.1.45.68.55.84
E-mail: s.coudray(at)unesco.org

UNESCO is seeking nominations for UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2017

News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 16:52

This Prize was established by UNESCO’s Executive Board, in 1997, in honour of Guillermo Cano, a Colombian journalist who died in the exercise of his profession. Its purpose is to reward each year a person, organization or institution that has made a notable contribution to the defense and/or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, especially if risks have been involved.

Awarded annually, on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day (3 May), the Prize is marked by a ceremony and the winner is presented with the sum of US$25,000.

World Press Freedom Day 2017 will take place in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 3 May 2017.

The Prize is funded by the Cano Foundation (Colombia) and the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation (Finland).

How to submit your nomination:

Nominations for the Prize should be submitted by filling out the form in English or French and sending it before 15 February 2017 by post or by email to:

UNESCO
Communication and Information Sector
Division of Freedom of Expression and Media Development
Section for Freedom of Expression
7 Place de Fontenoy
75007 Paris
France
Tel: 33.1.45.68.42.12
E-mail: s.coudray(at)unesco.org

Achieving the SDGs with broadband and ICTs: Overcoming the gender digital divide, education and investment challenges

News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 16:30

Broadband uses for sustainable development and particularly for gender equality and education were among the key UNESCO topics debated at this 14th Broadband Commission meeting in NY this weekend. The Commission brought leaders from governments, the private sector, civil society and international organizations together, at the eve of the opening of the UN General Assembly. The plenary meeting of the Broadband Commission was opened by welcoming remarks from H.E. President Kagame, Mr Carlos Slim Helú, Dr. David Nabarro, Ms Irina Bokova and Mr Houlin Zhao, who also welcomed five new Commissioners: Mr Jean-Yves Charlier, H.E. Ramin Guluzade, H.E. Anusha Rahman Khan, Ms Catherine Novelli and Mr Rupert Pearce (see here for more information).

Dr. David Nabarro, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary General on the Sustainable Development Agenda, delivered a message on behalf of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, highlighting that: “Thanks to the work of the Broadband Commission, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and many others, Member States agreed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development on the importance of ICTs, broadband and global interconnectedness for bridging the digital divide, developing knowledge societies and accelerating human progress.” Ms Bokova, UNESCO’s Director-General, stressed that “The digital revolution must be a development revolution – revolution for human rights and dignity – a revolution that empowers every woman and man, every society.”

The first plenary session on “Building on Broadband to Leave No One Behind”, analysed the advantages and limitations of broadband and information and communication technologies (ICTs) as a catalyzer for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Commissioners specifically explored broadband and ICTs’ role as regards making education and life-long learning, as well as public healthcare, more available and equitable. UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, Mr Frank La Rue, underlined that education is a Human Right and that: “The importance of information and communication technologies, of broadband and mobile technology lies in the fact that they can accelerate progress on key education challenges: on equity, on inclusion, on access and on quality.” After intensive discussions, UNESCO’s Director-General proposed to re-launch a Working Group on Education, which was welcomed.

On Saturday 17 September, the Commission’s Working Group on Digital Health, on Demand and on the Digital Gender Divide held meetings at the UN Women Headquarters to advance on their respective activities. UNESCO’s Director-General, Ms Bokova, co-chaired the gender working group with the Director-General of GSMA, Mr Granryd. Indeed, the gender gap grew by 1% between 2013 and 2016 and there are, for example, still 202 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone in 2016. The Commission works on a set of recommendations, a related action plan and concrete commitments to overcome the digital gender divide.

In her concluding remarks, UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova stressed the vital importance of the soft ICT components, of policy-, content- and capacity development, stating that “true innovation lies less in access and technology itself, and more in the use put to it by women and men, in the ingenuity they bring to harnessing its power to better their lives.” Only with such a holistic approach can Broadband be fully harnessed for sustainable development.

The working groups will continue to advance until the 15th face-to-face meeting of the Broadband Commission in Shanghai, China in spring 2017.

Director-General condemns murder of journalist Aurelio Cabrera Campos in Mexico

News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 15:00

“I condemn the murder of Aurelio Cabrera Campos,” said the Director-General. “I call on the authorities to investigate this crime and bring its perpetrators to justice. There can be no impunity for those attacking media workers.”

Aurelio Cabrera Campos, editor of the weekly El Gráfico de la Sierra, which he had founded earlier this year, was shot on 14 September and died of his injuries the following day.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

Le lien entre information et développement au cœur des célébrations de la première Journée internationale du droit d’accès à l’information

Actualités - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 11:37

Les débats, intitulés Dynamiser les Objectifs de développement durable à travers l’accès à l’information, sont organisés par le Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication (PIDC) en collaboration avec le Programme Information pour tous. Des experts de premier plan venus du monde entier prendront part à ces discussions. Il s’agit de démontrer que l’accès public à l’information et aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) et le renforcement des médias qui favorisent cet accès sont déterminants pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable.

L’un des principaux artisans du développement durable, le Président ghanéen John Dramani Mahama, qui co-préside le groupe consultatif des Nations Unies sur les ODD, prononcera un discours à la clôture de la conférence.

La Directrice générale de l’UNESCO, Irina Bokova, ouvrira les débats au côté d’Albana Shala, Présidente du Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication ; de Lionel Veer, Ambassadeur des Pays-Bas auprès de l’UNESCO et de Neris Germanas, Vice-ministre des Affaires étrangères de Lituanie.

Les délégations permanentes de Lituanie et des Pays-Bas auprès de l’UNESCO ont financé cet événement, avec le soutien de la Commission nationale néerlandaise pour l’UNESCO.

Les délégations permanentes de la Suède et de la Finlande inaugueront une exposition célébrant le 250e anniversaire de la loi sur la liberté de la presse de 1766 dans ce qui est aujourd’hui la Suède et la Finlande.

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Contact médias : Djibril Kébé, Service de presse de l’UNESCO, +33 (0) 1 45 68 17 41, d.kebe(at)unesco.org

 

UNESCO connects information and development to mark first international Day for Universal Access to Information

News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 11:30

The conference and discussions, grouped under the title Powering sustainable development with public access to information, is organized by UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communications (IPDC) in collaboration with the Organization’s Information for All Programme (IFAP). It will feature the participation of leading players and experts from all over the world, who will argue that that public access to information and ICTs, along with strengthening media institutions that help assure access, is key to achieving the SDGs in their totality.

One of the leading advocates for sustainable development, Ghanaian President, John Dramani Mahama, who co-chairs the UN Advocacy Group on SDGs, will deliver a keynote address at the close of the conference.

The Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, will open the “IPDC Talks” alongside Albana Shala, Chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for Development of Communication, and Lionel Veer Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to UNESCO and Neris Germanas Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.

Lithuania’s and the Netherlands’ Permanent Delegations to UNESCO have financed the event, along with the Netherlands’ National Commission for UNESCO.

The Permanent Delegations of Sweden and Finland will launch an exhibition commemorating the 250th anniversary of the Freedom of the Press Act passed in 1766 in what is today Sweden and Finland on the occasion of International Day for the Universal Access to Information.

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Media Accreditation: Djibril Kebe, UNESCO Press Service: d.kebe(at)unesco.org, +33(0)145681741

 

What: Powering sustainable development with public access to information—IPDC Talks to mark the first international Day for Universal Access to Information

Where: Room XII, UNESCO Headquarters, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75012 Paris

When: 26 September, 10am to 6pm

Africa’s judiciary engages on journalism safety issues

News - Tue, 20/09/2016 - 10:13
Close to 100 participants came together in Arusha on Saturday for the seminar, “Strengthening judiciary systems and African Courts to protect the safety of journalists and end impunity”, convened by UNESCO and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Rapport 2016 de la Commission sur la large bande : plus de la moitié de la population mondiale n’est pas connectée et la fracture de genre se creuse

Actualités - Mon, 19/09/2016 - 14:13

Le rapport retrace les progrès accomplis pour atteindre les objectifs de la Commission sur le large bande. Les progrès sont mitigés. On constate des avancées sensibles pour le premier objectif relatif aux plans nationaux pour le large bande et la politique dans ce domaine, ainsi que pour l’accessibilité économique du haut débit (deuxième objectif). L’objectif 3 sur l’accès à Internet des ménages et l’objectif 4 sur l’accès à Internet dans les pays les moins avancés (PMA) ne seront pas atteints dans les délais prévus. On constate malheureusement une régression en ce qui concerne le cinquième objectif sur l’égalité hommes-femmes en matière d’accès au haut débit. La fracture de genre à l’échelle mondiale a augmenté de 1 % entre 2013 et 2016 et le nombre de femmes possédant un téléphone mobile est encore inférieur de 202 millions à celui des hommes en 2016. 

Pour le rapport de cette année, l’UNESCO a apporté sa contribution avec un chapitre sur les villes du savoir, dans le contexte de Habitat III, la conférence des Nations Unies sur le logement et le développement urbain durable qui se tiendra en octobre 2016 à Quito (Equateur). Ce chapitre étudie les implications des processus d’« intelligence urbaine ». La connexion au haut débit et les TIC ont le potentiel de transformer nos vies urbaines en générant une plus grande efficacité en matière économique, énergétique, de gouvernance et de mobilité dans nos villes.

Comme l’a souligné Frank La Rue, Sous-Directeur général pour la communication et l’information de l’UNESCO : « ‘Les processus d’“intelligence urbaine” peuvent également représenter une étape cruciale dans la construction des villes du savoir en favorisant les processus démocratiques, en utilisant les TIC au service de l’intégration et de la participation démocratique, en offrant une éducation de qualité pour tous, en autonomisant les femmes et les filles, en encourageant la diversité culturelle et la créativité. Le haut débit et les TIC sont des moteurs efficaces, mais nous devons placer les êtres humains au cœur de nos préoccupations. Nous devons tirer parti des technologies pour réaliser les droits de l’homme, notamment la liberté d’expression. »

Le rapport se penche également sur les nouvelles applications très prometteuses des TIC pour le développement, comme les mobiles, les satellites, l’Internet des objets, la connectivité machine-machine et les réseaux de capteurs sans fil. Ces nouvelles utilisations nous rappellent que les nouvelles technologies et le haut débit peuvent jouer un rôle fondamental pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable. Mais cela ne pourra se faire que si les conditions requises pour permettre un accès à Internet universel et abordable sont réunies et si les composantes humaines sont présentes, comme le développement des compétences, le contenu dans les langues locales, les politiques participatives et inclusives, la responsabilité et la transparence institutionnelle. Le rapport propose également des recommandations concrètes pour utiliser le haut débit comme catalyseur du développement durable. 

De manière générale, le rapport est un rappel urgent et un appel à l’action pour que les personnes déconnectées disposent des moyens et des contenus leur permettant d’utiliser Internet pour améliorer leur vie et atteindre le développement durable. Le rapport sera un des documents présentés à la 14ème réunion annuelle de la Commission sur le large bande, qui se tiendra le 18 septembre 2016 à New York (Etats-Unis).

Namibia hosts a debut meeting to mark #AccesstoInfoDay

News - Mon, 19/09/2016 - 10:04

Many at the Windhoek event noted that the IDUAI initiative arose out of momentum from the 1991 Windhoek Declaration on Promoting an Independent and Pluralistic African Press. That Declaration had inspired UNESCO to declare World Press Freedom Day more than 25 years ago.

Participants recalled that a follow-up conference in 2011 to mark “Windhoek+20” had called on UNESCO to recognize the new date as a step to help promote worldwide access to information.

Welcoming UNESCO’s responsiveness to that call, speakers underlined the relevance of the Day to the Sustainable Development Agenda. In this context, many also noted Namibia on its own progress towards an Access to Information Act that is in preparation.

Namibia’s deputy Minister of Communications and ICT, HE Stanley Simataa, who is also Chair of the UNESCO General Conference, underlined to the audience that without a right to information, the scope of access was limited.

Points were also made by Pansy Tlakula, Chairperson of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, who is also the African Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression and Access to Information. She saluted the leading role of civil society in advancing access to information and persuading UNESCO Member States to adopt the Day in 2015.

The Commission which she chairs has adopted a Model Law on Access to Information for Africa, which has been a resource for the Namibian process.

Participants at the meeting included the organizers of the event: the Media Institute for Southern Africa, Media Rights Agenda, the Open Democracy Advisory Group, the Africa Freedom of Information Centre, and Media Rights Agenda. It was these groups which developed the African Platform on Access to Information at the Windhoek+20 conference in 1991.

The importance of implementation of right to information laws was highlighted by Gwen Lister of the Namibia Media Trust, as well as civil society leaders Edetaen Ojo, Gilbert Sendugwa and Zoe Titus. Gender aspects were emphasized by journalism educator Emily Brown.

The event last week was supported by FESmedia Africa, which had also backed the historic 2011 conference.

UNESCO supported the commemoration event, with the head of the Windhoek Office, Jean-Pierre Ilboudo observing that access to information could help foster science, research and innovation in a society.

Guy Berger, Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO, highlighted the need for press freedom as well as Media and Information Literacy to be part of the pillars of effective access to information. 

Two further events will be organized in Windhoek on UDUAI itself, the 28 September, including one hosted by UNESCO, and another by Action Access to Information Namibia.

Connecting all to a better future

News - Sun, 18/09/2016 - 20:30

The President of Rwanda reminded the Commission of his commitment to advancing broadband roll-out for all citizens, for more inclusive and sustainable development.

Ms. Bokova emphasized investing in access and connectivity along with relevant multilingual content, education and media skills, teacher training, with focus on reaching the unreached -- especially girls and women. "Digital adoption is not enough," said Ms. Bokova, "we need new skills and opportunities for all, to empower all, for the benefit of all."

Carlos Slim highlighted to work of the Foundation, in harnessing new ICTs for individual empowerement.

The Director-General also called for a new focus on Broadband and education, to examine these multipliers across the board. This point was echoed by Executive Director of UN Women, Ms Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, who underlined the importance of ICTs for education, building this into systems and through teacher training.

David Nabarro shared a strong message of commitment from the UN Secretary- General, calling for new participation, new partnerships and new proposals to take forward the new plan in the 2030 Agenda.

Columbia University Professor and Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the Sustainable Development Goals Jeffrey Sachs‎ made the case that investing in universal broadband and content must be strategic for all governments. 

The d‎iscussion followed on the need for the broadest possible approach to broadband roll-out, connecting health, education and effoerts for gender equality -- as well the imperative of bridging divides with least developed countries as well as small island developing states. The need to ‎Simplify regulatory frameworks to make them more linear for connectivity to become universal was noted.

The vital question of reaching the remaining 1.5 billion --and the financing-- was also explored during the meeting, which was held in New York, before the General Debate of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. The experience of public-private partnerships was also explored.

In this respect, Ms Catherine Novelli, US Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy and the Environment, spoke to the goals of the US Global Connect Initiative.

‎The 14th meeting occurred several days after the launch of the 2016 State of Broadband Report, painting anew a picture of world connectivity.

India has overtaken the United States to become the world’s second largest Internet market, with 333 million users, trailing China’s 721 million. The report confirms that just six nations – including China and India – together account for 55% of the total global population still offline, because of the sheer size of their populations.

While Internet access is approaching saturation in richer nations, connectivity is still not advancing fast enough to help bridge development gaps in areas like education and health care for those in poorer parts of the world, according to the 2016 edition of The State of Broadband report.

Globally, an estimated 3.9 billion people are not using the Internet. But the Commission’s new report estimates that, between them, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria account for 55% of all unconnected people, while 20 countries – including the US – account for a full 75% of those not using the Internet. These findings suggest that targeted efforts in just a few key markets could help enormously in redressing the gaping ‘digital divide’ between those who are online and those still offline.

“There is a large body of economic evidence for the role of affordable broadband connectivity as a vital enabler of economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Commission with UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. 

“Broadband technologies can be powerful development multipliers,” Director-General Bokova added, “but this requires combined investments in access and in skills and in education. This is about opening new paths to create and share knowledge. It is about enhancing freedom of expression and about widening learning opportunities, especially for girls and women. This is about developing content that is relevant, local and multilingual.”

Issued annually, The State of Broadband report is a unique global snapshot of broadband network access and affordability, with country-by country data measuring broadband access against key advocacy targets set by the Commission in 2011.

The report confirms that according to latest ITU figures, by end 2016 3.5 billion people will be using the Internet, up from 3.2 billion last year and equating to 47% of the global population. Progress in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries has been encouraging, with the Commission’s target of 15% of the LDC population online expected to be reached by the end of this year.

The Broadband Commission brings together high level officials with leading executives in the private sector, from across the world, to harness the digital revolution as a development revolution, for all women and men.

Bridging the Gender Digital Divide

News - Sat, 17/09/2016 - 22:23

She noted that trends were increasingly worrying in this respect. Worldwide, there is a gender gap of 11 percent in male and female access to the Internet. This rises to almost 29 percent in Least Developed Countries. There are some 200 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone, the most prevalent means of access to the Internet in developing countries.

“To overcome these obstacles, we need greater investment in access,” said Ms. Bokova. “But this must be joined with stronger investment in quality education, in digital skills, in media literacy.”

She underlined the importance of such actions, notably to support and advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – specifically the Sustainable Development Goal 5 on promoting gender equality, and Target 9c on advancing universal access to information and communication technologies.

The meeting was co-chaired with Mr. Mats Granryd, Director-General of GSMA, an organization which represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide.

Mr. Granryd said the recommendations for the Broadband Commission need to be complemented by action plans for follow-up.

The meeting was held at the offices of UN Women in New York.

Director-General Bokova is co-vice chair of the Broadband Commission, which she launched in 2010, with co-chairs, H.E. Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, and Mr Carlos Slim, CEO of the Carlos Slim Foundation, along with co-vice chair, Mr Haolin Zhou, Secretary-General of the ITU. The Broadband Commission brings together high level officials with leading executives in the private sector, from across the world, to harness the digital revolution as a development revolution, for all women and men.

This Working Group builds on the earlier work of the Working Group on Broadband and Gender and the 2013 Report – Doubling Digital Opportunities.

 

IFAP dedicated session at the International Congress on Archives in Seoul

News - Fri, 16/09/2016 - 15:25

The UN Sustainable Development Goals as defined in Transforming Our World – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, are closely related to the work aiming at providing access to records for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive memory institutions at all levels. Furthermore, UNESCO’s Recommendation concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage, including in Digital Form, which was adopted by the General Conference at its last session, in November 2015, encourages Member States to support their memory institutions in establishing selection, collection and preservation policies, guided by internationally established and defined standards regarding documentary heritage.

During this Quadrennial Congress, records and archives professionals reaffirmed their determination to make a powerful contribution to modern society in the digital age by sharing their professional knowledge to the fullest possible extent, in a true spirit of ‘Harmony and Friendship’ for building inclusive knowledge societies. 

ICA, is working together with UNESCO and the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) on a number of issues towards the shared objectives to preserve, raise awareness and promote access to the documentary treasures of humanity. The Congress provided an opportunity for a joint UNESCO/ICA presentation specifically devoted to the intergovernmental Information for All Programme, given by Dr Boyan Radoykov, Chief of the Universal Access and Preservation Section in UNESCO’s Knowledge Societies Division, and ICA President David Fricker on the key developments and initiatives that demonstrate the collaboration of UNESCO and ICA, in both  policy development and programme delivery capacity. The presentation by the panelists covered the following topics, among others:

  • the modalities of operation and the priority areas of the Information for All Programme, its recent activities and future plans for cooperation with relevant partners in the area of Information Preservation;
  • a brief summary of ICA’s recent achievements, including the Universal Declaration on Archives;
  • the UNESCO Recommendation on the Preservation of and Access to Documentary Heritage including in Digital Form;
  • the UNESCO PERSIST project that aims to provide a facility for archives, libraries and other memory institutions to interact with digital cultural heritage in obsolete or inaccessible formats;
  • the Magnetic Tape Alert Project that warns governments, decision makers and stakeholders of an unprecedented threat: unless copied to safe digital repositories, original audio and video tapes, unique documents of the world’s linguistic and cultural diversity will get definitely lost.

Mr Fricker was emphatic in his commitment to the partnership between ICA and the various UNESCO programmes. In concluding his presentation, he stressed: “ICA needs UNESCO – to provide the international awareness and leadership across member states to recognise the value of documentary heritage.  And UNESCO depends on ICA to assist in the development of products and programmes that support these ideals.”

The former Chair of the IFAP Working Group on Information Preservtion, Mr Dietrich Schüller, also addressed the session. He noted: “Over the past sixty years, substantial audio and video collections have been established that today form the most prominent documents of cultural and linguistic diversity. The present dramatic vanishing of replay equipment in operable condition will inevitably lead to the loss of all those original documents, which have not been secured in digital repositories in time.”

In his presentation, Dr Radoykov outlined the wide range of possibilities for cooperation between ICA and IFAP and the complementarity that can be brought by this intergovernmental programme to the work of the information specialists and experts, since IFAP provides a reliable platform for international policy discussions and cooperation in the area of access to and preservation of, information and knowledge.  He also underscored: “People and societies must realize that documentary heritage in all its forms, and especially the one of outstanding and universal value, is constantly under attack and threat of destruction, and that consenting to its disappearance would be the biggest failure of our times. For many years, UNESCO, together with its members and partners is striving to raise the awareness of national authorities and other relevant stakeholders about the necessity to improve the conditions for the preservation of, and the increased access to the common heritage of humanity. Several of the IFAP recent projects illustrate perfectly these efforts.

Broadband Commission Report 2016: More than half of the world’s population remains offline and the gender gap is widening

News - Fri, 16/09/2016 - 10:27

The report traces the progress made towards achieving the Broadband Commission’s targets for broadband. Progress has been mixed. There has been good progress made towards the first target on National Broadband Plans and policy-making and also on the affordability of broadband access (second target). The Commission’s target 3 on household Internet access and 4 on Internet access in Least Developed Countries will be achieved outside of the original time frame. Regrettably, there is a retrogression for the fifth target calling for gender equality in access to broadband Internet. The overall Internet user gender gap grew by 1% between 2013 and 2016, with still 202 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone in 2016. 

For this year’s report, UNESCO contributed with a chapter focusing on knowledge cities, in light of Habitat III, the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development taking place in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. It explores the implications of ‘city smartening’ processes in urban centres. Broadband connectivity and ICTs have the potential to transform our urban lives by generating greater economic, energy, governance and mobility efficiency in our cities.

As Frank La Rue, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, highlights: “‘City smartening’ processes could, however, also represent a crucial milestone in the building of knowledge, cities by boosting urban democratic processes, using ICTs for a greater inclusion and democratic participation, offering quality education to all, empowering women and girls, and promoting cultural diversity and creativity. Broadband and ICTs are key efficiency drivers, but we need to put the human-beings at the centre of our preoccupations. We have to harness technologies to realize our Human Rights, including the freedom of expression.” 

The report also explores promising new uses and applications of ICTs for development (ICT4D), including mobile, satellite, the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine-to-Machine (M2M) connectivity and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This serves as a reminder that new technologies and broadband can play a vital role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. However, this holds true only if the necessary conditions to enable affordable, universal and available Internet access have been achieved and if the ‘soft components’ of the ICT roll-out such as skills development, local content in local languages, inclusive, participatory policies, institutional transparency and accountability are put in place. To promote broadband for catalyzing sustainable development, the report also offers a number of concrete policy recommendations. 

Overall the report is an urgent reminder and call for action as regards ensuring that those who remain without an Internet access have the capacities and content to use the Internet to enhance their livelihood and achieve sustainable development. The report will be one of the inputs to the 14th Annual Meeting of the Broadband Commission, which will be held in New York, USA, on 18 September 2016.

¿Cuánto invierten los países en I+D? Una nueva herramienta de la UNESCO identifica a los nuevos protagonistas

Noticias - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 18:29

“La innovación es fundamental para alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Por eso es esencial el seguimiento de la inversión en I+D en conocimiento, tecnología y pensamiento, que impulsa la innovación en los países”, afirmó Silvia Montoya, Directora del Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO.

El ODS 9 insta a los gobiernos a promover la industrialización y la innovación sostenibles, mediante el rápido incremento del gasto en I+D y el aumento del número de investigadores. Ambos indicadores figuran en la nueva herramienta informática, titulada: “¿Cuánto invierte su país en I+D?”.

Los cinco primeros en la clasificación, en términos de gasto absoluto en I+D, son  grandes potencias económicas: Estados Unidos, China, Japón, Alemania y la República de Corea. Pero la clasificación cambia drásticamente cuando se aplican los datos que se usarán para dar seguimiento a la consecución del ODS 9, que miden el gasto en I+D como porcentaje del PIB: la República de Corea ocupa entonces el primer lugar, seguida de Israel, Japón, Finlandia y Suecia.

Durante algún tiempo las regiones han venido fijando sus propios objetivos de gasto en este sector: el más conocido es el de la Unión Europea (UE) que se ha propuesto aumentar la inversión global en I+D hasta el 3% del PIB de aquí a 2020.

Según los datos del Instituto, en el mundo entero sólo seis países han logrado superar el objetivo del 3% y tres de ellos son economías pequeñas de la UE: Dinamarca, Finlandia y Suecia. Este grupo figura por detrás de Japón, que alcanza el 3,6% y de Israel, que llega a la impresionante marca del 4,1%. Y por delante de todos, se encuentra el líder mundial, la República de Corea, que registra un 4,3%. Austria, Alemania y Suiza bordean el 3%, al igual que Estados Unidos, que es el país que más gasta en términos absolutos.

Pocos países de otras regiones se acercan a estos valores. En Europa Central y Oriental, Eslovenia encabeza la tabla, con el 2,4%, en comparación con el 1,2% que muestra la Federación de Rusia. En Asia Central, las cifras rondan el 0,2%, como ocurre en Kazajstán. Marruecos encabeza la clasificación en el mundo árabe, con el 0,7%.

En América Latina, Brasil es líder, con 1,2%, mientras que la India ocupa el primer lugar en Asia Meridional y Occidental, con el 0,8%. En África, la Unión Africana ha fijado la meta en el 1%, pero sólo Kenya, Malí y Sudáfrica se acercan a esa cifra.

China alcanza actualmente un asombroso promedio de 18,3% de crecimiento anual del gasto en I+D, en comparación con la media del 1,4% de los demás países de ingresos medios-altos, según los datos del Instituto. El gasto que China dedica a I+D sólo representa el 2% de su PIB, pero esto significa que este país inyecta cada año en el sector unos 369.000 millones de dólares, en términos de paridad de poder adquisitivo. A medida que la proporción del gasto mundial en I+D disminuyó entre 1996 y 2013, pasando del 88% al 69,3%, China colmó la brecha por sí sola, al aumentar su gasto del 2,5% al 19,6% en el mismo periodo. Esto significa que China se acerca cada vez más a Estados Unidos, país que representa casi el 30% del gasto mundial en I+D.

En 2013 había en el mundo un promedio de 1.083 investigadores por cada millón de habitantes. Pero de 1996 a 2013 la proporción de investigadores disminuyó en los países de ingresos medios, con la excepción de China, del 17% al 15%, una tendencia negativa preocupante, que podría repercutir en la consecución del desarrollo sostenible en todo el planeta.  

Conozca la herramienta: on.unesco.org/gasto-ID

Contacto:
Amy Otchet – Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO (Montreal, Canadá) +1 514 343 7933 – cell +1 402 7836; email: a.otchet(at)unesco.org

China y la India son ahora los mayores mercados Internet del mundo

Noticias - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 17:02

Ginebra, 15 de septiembre de 2016 – La India ha adelantado a Estados Unidos y es ahora el segundo mayor mercado Internet del mundo, con 333 millones de usuarios, detrás de China, que tiene 721 millones. Ahora bien, en un nuevo informe publicado hoy por la Comisión de la Banda Ancha para el Desarrollo Sostenible de las Naciones Unidas‎ se confirma asimismo que apenas seis países, incluidos China y la India, representan 55% de la población mundial total que todavía no está en línea, a causa sencillamente del gran número de habitantes que tienen.

Según la edición de 2016 del informe Estado de la banda ancha, mientras que el acceso a Internet está casi saturado en los países más ricos del mundo, la conectividad no avanza lo suficientemente rápido para ayudar a reducir las disparidades de desarrollo en sectores como la enseñanza y la atención sanitaria en los países más pobres del mundo.

Se estima que, en el mundo, 3.900 millones de personas no utilizan Internet, pero en el nuevo informe de la Comisión se estima que China, la India, Indonesia, Pakistán, Bangladesh y Nigeria representan 55% de todas las personas que no están conectadas, mientras que 20 países, incluidos los Estados Unidos, representan 75% de las personas que utilizan Internet. De esas conclusiones se desprende que esfuerzos específicos en unos cuantos mercados clave podrían ayudar considerablemente a resolver la enorme 'brecha digital' entre los que están en línea y los que todavía no lo están.

El Informe Estado de la Banda Ancha 2016‎, publicado justo antes de la 14ª reunión de la Comisión, que tiene lugar el 18 de septiembre en Nueva York, es optimista con respecto al potencial de la banda ancha móvil, dado que 165 países ya han instalado redes móviles '4G' de alta velocidad. La penetración de los teléfonos inteligentes está casi saturada en Estados Unidos, Europa y otros mercados maduros de Asia como Japón y Corea, y se espera que la India e Indonesia, en particular, impulsen su crecimiento en el futuro. La India adelantó recientemente a Estados Unidos y es ahora el segundo mayor mercado mundial de teléfonos inteligentes, con unos 260 millones de suscripciones a la banda ancha móvil.

La Comisión aduce que si el acceso telefónico móvil básico casi universal se pudiera convertir en acceso de banda ancha móvil de alta velocidad, los teléfonos móviles podrían acelerar considerablemente el desarrollo y propiciar una rápida progresión hacia los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenibles de las Naciones Unidas.

"Existe un amplio acervo de pruebas económicas de que la conectividad de banda ancha asequible es un facilitador esencial del crecimiento económico, la integración social y la protección del medio ambiente", declaró Houlin Zhao, Secretario General de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones (UIT), que también es Co-Vicepresidente de la Comisión con Irina Bokova, Directora General de la UNESCO. "Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible relativos a la enseñanza, la igualdad de género y las infraestructuras comprenden metas audaces para la tecnología de la información y la comunicación. Los ODS son alcanzables pero se necesitan esfuerzos urgentes y progresos en la rapidez, el grado y la igualdad del desarrollo. La Comisión considera que se puede lograr gracias a la banda ancha.

"Las tecnologías de banda ancha pueden ser potentes multiplicadores del desarrollo", añadió la Sra. Bokova, "pero para ello se precisan inversiones combinadas en el acceso y formación y enseñanza. Se trata de abrir nuevos caminos para crear y compartir conocimientos. Se trata de mejorar la libertad de expresión y de aumentar las oportunidades de aprendizaje, especialmente para niñas y mujeres. Se trata de desarrollar contenido pertinente, local y plurilingüe."

El informe Estado de la banda ancha, elaborado cada año, es una instantánea mundial única del acceso a las redes de banda ancha y su asequibilidad, con datos país por país del acceso a la banda ancha comparados con los objetivos esenciales fijados por la Comisión en 2011.

En el informe se confirma que, según las cifras más recientes de la UIT, a finales de 2016, 3.500 millones de personas utilizarán Internet, con respecto a 3.200 millones el año pasado, lo que equivale a 47% de la población mundial. Los progresos en los 48 Países Menos Adelantados designados por las Naciones Unidas han sido alentadores, y se espera alcanzar el objetivo de la Comisión de 15% de la población de los PMA en línea antes del final de este año.

Las cifras de este año muestran que, de nuevo, los 10 primeros países en desarrollo en penetración de Internet en los hogares están en Asia o en el Oriente Medio. La República de Corea sigue teniendo la mayor tasa de penetración de la banda ancha en los hogares del mundo, con 98,8% de los hogares conectados, Qatar (96%) y los Emiratos Árabes Unidos (95%) están clasificados segundo y tercero respectivamente.

Islandia sigue teniendo el mayor porcentaje de personas que utilizan Internet (98,2%), mientras que Luxemburgo (97,3%) ha adelantado a Noruega y ocupa ahora el segundo puesto, y Andorra (97%) ha arrebatado el tercer puesto a Dinamarca.

Mónaco sigue muy ligeramente por delante de Suiza como líder mundial de la penetración de la banda ancha fija, con más de 47 suscripciones por 100 habitantes, en comparación con Suiza (45%). Hay ahora siete economías (Mónaco, Suiza, Liechtenstein, Dinamarca, los Países Bajos, Francia y la República de Corea) en las cuales la penetración de la banda ancha es superior a 40%, cuando en 2014 había seis y en 2012 había sólo una (Suiza).

Finlandia tiene el porcentaje más elevado de suscripciones activas a la banda ancha móvil en el mundo, con 144 suscripciones por 100 personas, seguida por Singapur (142) y Kuwait (139). La región Asia-Pacífico representa casi la mitad (48%) de todas las suscripciones a la banda ancha móvil.

En total hay actualmente 91 economías en las cuales más de 50% de la población está en línea, en comparación con 79 en 2015, pero mientras que en 2014 los 10 primeros países en proporción de usuarios de Internet eran todos europeos, este año se les ha sumado Bahrein (en el séptimo puesto) y Japón (en el noveno). Los niveles más bajos de utilización de Internet se encuentran en el África subsahariana, donde menos de 3% de la población utiliza Internet en varios países, tales como Chad (2,7%), Sierra Leona (2,5%), Níger (2,2%), Somalia (1,8%) y Eritrea (1,1%).

 

Metas globales de la Comisión de la Banda Ancha

Los progresos hacia las Metas de 2011 de la Comisión han sido diversos. En lo que respecta a la Meta 1: Planes nacionales de banda ancha, gracias al trabajo de información de la Comisión sobre la importancia de la banda ancha, el número de países con un Plan nacional de banda ancha pasó de 102 en 2010, cuando la Comisión comenzó su trabajo, a 151 al día de hoy.

En lo que respecta a los progresos de la Meta 2: Asequibilidad, la mayoría de los países han alcanzado la meta de la Comisión de un coste de la banda ancha fija básica inferior a 5% de la RNB mensual, incluidos 83 países en desarrollo. Ahora bien, al día de hoy sólo cinco de los 48 Países Menos Adelantados según las Naciones Unidas han alcanzado la meta.

La Meta 3: Conectar los hogares a la banda ancha ha avanzado satisfactoriamente, 52% de los hogares en todo el mundo disponen de una conexión de banda ancha. En los países desarrollados, 84% de los hogares están conectados, pero la progresión también ha sido sólida en los países en desarrollo, donde el acceso de los hogares ha pasado de 38% el año pasado a 41% en 2016, rebasando así la meta de 40% fijado por la Comisión en 2011.

Si bien se espera que los Países Menos Adelantados alcancen la Meta 4: Poner a la gente en línea, con 15% de la población conectada a finales de este año, con las tasas de crecimiento actuales es improbable que se alcance antes de 2021 la meta global general de la Comisión de 60% de las personas en línea.

Por último, la brecha de género, que se intenta resolver con la Meta 5: Igualdad de acceso, ha aumentado ligeramente, en realidad, de una brecha de género de 11% entre usuarios de Internet en 2015 a 12% en 2016, lo que equivale a 257 millones más de hombres que de mujeres en línea.

La Comisión de la Banda Ancha está integrada por más de más de 50 dirigentes de diversos sectores público y privado que se han comprometido a ayudar activamente a países, expertos de las Naciones Unidas y equipos de ONG a aprovechar plenamente el ingente potencial de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) para impulsar nuevas estrategias nacionales en materia de ODS en ámbitos clave tales como enseñanza, atención sanitaria y gestión del medio ambiente.

El informe Estado de la banda ancha 2016 es la sexta edición del informe de la Comisión sobre la conectividad de banda ancha. Esta publicación anual es el único informe que contiene una clasificación país por país del acceso y la asequibilidad en más de 160 economías.

Puede descargar el informe completo aquí.

Puede descargar las principales conclusiones del Informe aquí.

Puede descargar un resumen de los progresos realizados con respecto a las 5 Metas de la Comisión para la banda ancha aquí.

Puede descargar las fotos de portada del informe aquí.

Puede descargar un fichero PowerPoint en el que se resumen las principales conclusiones del Informe aquí.

Vídeo: La autora principal de Estado de la banda ancha, Phillippa Biggs, nos habla de lo más importante del informe de este año:

Más de la mitad del mundo sigue sin estar en línea ¿Cuál es el principal motivo y cómo se puede reducir la 'brecha digital'?

https://youtu.be/ZVcdQfHA2Ec

Según la Comisión, ¿Dónde puede la banda ancha impulsar un progreso significativo?

https://youtu.be/8imC3mMhcpY

¿Qué función desempeñará la banda ancha en la creación de las 'ciudades inteligentes' del futuro?

https://youtu.be/ZxDvyY1Zzd4

El informe concluye con numerosas recomendaciones destinadas a los poderes públicos y los dirigentes del mundo. ¿Qué es lo más urgente, cuáles son las soluciones más rápidas?

https://youtu.be/Z6q1Zo9DBQE

Si queremos conectar a los próximos 1.500 millones de personas, ¿En qué debemos concentrarnos?

https://youtu.be/g54Nvq2fnok

Lista completa de vídeos

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpoIPNlF8P2PmqPTBfixP5uK3tnwAw5jz

Descargue aquí podcasts de alta calidad de las preguntas de la entrevista.

Más información sobre la Comisión de la Banda Ancha: www.broadbandcommission.org.

Siga a la Comisión de la Banda Ancha en Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission

Si desea más información, diríjase a:

En la UIT: Sarah Parkes

Jefa de Relaciones con los Medios e Información Pública
Tel.: +41 22 730 6135
Móvil: +41 79 599 1439
Correo-e: sarah.parkes(at)itu.int

En la UNESCO: George Papagiannis

Jefe a.i., Relaciones con los medios

Móvil: + 33 6 82 94 89 54
Correo-e: g.papagiannis(at)unesco.org

Sobre la UIT

La UIT es la organización más importante de las Naciones Unidas en lo que concierne a las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, que impulsa la innovación en las TIC junto con los 193 Estados Miembros y más de 700 entidades del sector privado e Instituciones Académicas miembros. La UIT, que fue creada en 1865, celebró su ‎150º‎ aniversario en 2015 como organismo intergubernamental responsable de coordinar la compartición del espectro radioeléctrico a escala mundial, promover la cooperación internacional para la asignación de órbitas de satélite, mejorar la infraestructura de telecomunicaciones en el mundo en desarrollo, y establecer las normas mundiales que garantizan la interconexión continua de una amplia gama de sistemas de comunicaciones. De las redes de banda ancha a las tecnologías inalámbricas punteras, la navegación aeronáutica y marítima, la radioastronomía, la oceanografía y la supervisión de la Tierra por satélite, así como los servicios de telefonía fija y móvil convergentes, Internet y las tecnologías de radiodifusión, la UIT se compromete a conectar el mundo. www.itu.int

Sobre la UNESCO

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura se esfuerza por encauzar el poder del conocimiento y la información, en particular por conducto de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC), para transformar economías, crear sociedades del conocimiento integradoras y emancipar a las comunidades locales aumentando el acceso a la información y el conocimiento, así como su conservación y divulgación, en todos los ámbitos de actividad de la UNESCO. Para la UNESCO, esas sociedades del conocimiento deben fundamentarse en cuatro pilares: libertad de expresión, acceso universal a la información y el conocimiento, respeto de la diversidad cultural y lingüística, y enseñanza de calidad para todos. Véase más en www.unesco.org/es

La Chine et l'Inde sont désormais les plus grands marchés de l'Internet au monde

Actualités - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 12:55

L'Inde a dépassé les Etats-Unis pour devenir le deuxième marché de l'Internet au monde, avec 333 millions d'utilisateurs, loin derrière la Chine et ses 721 millions d'internautes. Cependant, un nouveau rapport publié aujourd'hui par la Commission des Nations Unies sur le large bande au service du développement durable confirme que six pays, dont la Chine et l'Inde, rassemblent à eux seuls 55% des habitants de la planète qui n'ont toujours pas accès à l'Internet, du fait de la taille de leur population.

Selon l'édition de 2016 du rapport sur la situation du large bande (State of Broadband 2016), si l'accès à l'Internet atteint un niveau proche de la saturation dans les pays riches, la connectivité ne progresse toujours pas assez vite pour aider les zones les plus pauvres du monde à réduire leur retard en matière de développement dans des secteurs tels que l'éducation et les soins de santé.

Au niveau mondial, on estime à 3,9 milliards le nombre de personnes qui n'utilisent pas l'Internet. Toutefois, le nouveau rapport indique que la Chine, l'Inde, l'Indonésie, le Pakistan, le Bangladesh et le Nigéria regroupent à eux seuls 55% de l'ensemble des personnes n'ayant pas accès à l'Internet, alors que 20 pays, dont les Etats-Unis, concentrent les trois quarts des internautes. Ces résultats laissent supposer que des efforts ciblés sur quelques marchés clés pourraient conduire à d'énormes progrès dans la réduction de la « fracture numérique » très large existant entre ceux qui sont connectés et ceux qui ne le sont pas encore.

Publié juste avant la 14ème réunion de la Commission sur le large bande, qui se tiendra à New York le 18 septembre, le rapport sur la situation du large bande en 2016 dresse un constat optimiste en ce qui concerne le potentiel du large bande mobile, 165 pays ayant désormais déployé des réseaux mobiles à haut débit 4G. Alors que le taux de pénétration du smartphone atteint un niveau proche de la saturation aux Etats-Unis, en Europe et sur les marchés asiatiques arrivés à maturité, comme le Japon et la République de Corée, les moteurs de la future croissance devraient être l'Inde et l'Indonésie. L'Inde a récemment dépassé les Etats-Unis pour devenir le deuxième marché du smartphone au monde, avec 260 millions d'abonnements au large bande mobile, selon les estimations.

La Commission estime que si l'accès à la téléphonie mobile de base, aujourd'hui quasi universel, pouvait être converti en accès au large bande mobile à haut débit, les téléphones mobiles pourraient devenir un facteur d'accélération majeur du développement, et entraîner de rapides progrès sur la voie des objectifs de développement durable définis par les Nations Unies.

« De nombreux éléments économiques mettent en évidence le rôle primordial d'une connectivité large bande économiquement accessible pour ce qui est de favoriser la croissance économique, l'inclusion sociale et la protection de l'environnement », a déclaré Houlin Zhao, Secrétaire général de l'UIT et Vice-Président de la Commission, conjointement avec Irina Bokova, Directrice générale de l'UNESCO. « Les objectifs de développement durable concernant l'éducation, l'égalité hommes-femmes et les infrastructures comportent des dimensions audacieuses pour les technologies de l'information et de la communication. Les objectifs de développement durable sont réalistes, mais ils réclament d'urgence des efforts et des progrès s'agissant de la vitesse et du niveau de développement ainsi que de l'égalité. La Commission pense que le large bande peut nous aider à y parvenir. »

« Les technologies de large bande peuvent se révéler un puissant levier de développement, à condition cependant d'investir à la fois dans l'accessibilité, dans les compétences et dans l'éducation. », a déclaré pour sa part Irina Bokova. « Il faut ouvrir de nouvelles voies pour la création et le partage des connaissances. Il faut renforcer la liberté d'expression et élargir les possibilités d'apprentissage, en particulier pour les femmes et les jeunes filles. Il faut créer des contenus utiles, locaux et multilingues. »

Publié annuellement, le rapport sur la situation du large bande offre un aperçu unique de l'accès aux réseaux large bande dans le monde, notamment sur le plan économique, en fournissant des données par pays qui permettent de mesurer l'accès au large bande à l'aune des grands objectifs fixés par la Commission en 2011.

Le rapport confirme que, selon les derniers chiffres en date de l'UIT, le monde comptera 3,5 milliards d'internautes d'ici à fin 2016, ce qui représente 47% de la population mondiale, contre 3,2 milliards l'année dernière. Les progrès enregistrés dans les 48 pays désignés comme pays les moins avancés (PMA) par l'Organisation des Nations Unies ont été encourageants, et l'objectif de la Commission qui consiste à connecter 15% de la population des PMA devrait être atteint d'ici à la fin de l'année.

Les chiffres du rapport de cette année indiquent qu'une fois encore, les dix premiers pays en développement concernant le taux de pénétration de l'Internet dans les foyers sont tous situés en Asie ou au Moyen‑Orient. La République de Corée est toujours en tête pour ce qui est du taux de pénétration de l'Internet dans les foyers, avec 98,8% de foyers connectés. Le Qatar (96%) et l'Arabie saoudite (95%) occupent respectivement les deuxième et troisième places de ce classement.

L'Islande continue d'afficher le plus fort pourcentage d'internautes (98,2%), alors que le Luxembourg (97,3%) est passé devant la Norvège pour prendre la deuxième place dans ce domaine, et qu'Andorre (97%) a ravi la troisième place au Danemark.

Monaco garde une légère avance sur la Suisse à la première place du classement mondial en matière de taux de pénétration du large bande fixe, avec plus de 47 abonnements pour 100 habitants, contre 45% pour la Suisse. Sept pays (Monaco, Suisse, Liechtenstein, Danemark, Pays-Bas, France et République de Corée) présentent désormais un taux de pénétration du large bande fixe supérieur à 40%, contre six en 2014, et seulement un (la Suisse) en 2012.

La Finlande est le pays où le pourcentage d'abonnements actifs au large bande mobile est le plus élevé, avec 144 abonnements pour 100 habitants. Elle est suivie de Singapour (142) et du Koweït (139). La région Asie-Pacifique représente à elle seule près de la moitié (48%) de l'ensemble des abonnements actifs au large bande mobile.

Au total, on compte aujourd'hui 91 pays dans lesquels plus de 50% des habitants utilisent l'Internet, contre 79 en 2015. Cependant, alors qu'en 2014 les dix premiers pays en ce qui concerne l'utilisation de l'Internet se trouvaient tous en Europe, ce groupe a été intégré cette année par Bahreïn (7ème) et le Japon (9ème). Les pays ayant les taux d'internautes les plus faibles se trouvent en Afrique subsaharienne; en effet, moins de 3% de la population utilise l'Internet dans plusieurs pays de cette zone, dont le Tchad (2,7%), la Sierra Leone (2,5%), le Niger (2,2%), la Somalie (1,8%) et l'Erythrée (1,1%).

Objectifs mondiaux de la Commission sur le large bande

Les progrès accomplis sur la voie des objectifs définis par la Commission en 2011 ont été contrastés. Pour ce qui est de l'objectif 1: Plans nationaux sur le large bande, les efforts déployés par la Commission pour souligner l'importance du large bande ont conduit à une augmentation du nombre de pays dotés d'un plan national pour le large bande, qui est passé de 102 en 2010, année du lancement de la Commission, à 151 aujourd'hui.

L'objectif 2: Accessibilité économique, qui consiste à faire en sorte que le coût du large bande fixe de base soit inférieur à 5% du RNB mensuel par habitant a désormais été atteint par la majeure partie des pays, parmi lesquels 83 pays en développement. Toutefois, à ce jour, seuls cinq des 48 pays désignés par l'Organisation des Nations Unies comme pays les moins avancés y sont parvenus.

Des progrès notables ont été accomplis concernant l'objectif 3: Connecter les ménages au large bande, 52% des ménages dans le monde étant désormais dotés d'une connexion large bande. Dans les pays développés, 84% des ménages sont maintenant connectés, mais de nets progrès ont aussi été enregistrés dans les pays en développement, où la part des ménages ayant accès au large bande est passée de 38% l'année dernière à 41% en 2016, dépassant ainsi l'objectif de 40% fixé par la Commission en 2011.

L'objectif 4: Connecter le plus grand nombre à l'Internet, sera bientôt atteint par les pays les moins avancés, dont 15% de la population devrait être connectée d'ici à la fin de l'année. Toutefois, au rythme de croissance actuel, l'objectif global de la Commission, qui est de porter à 60% le taux de personnes en ligne à l'échelle mondiale, ne devrait pas être atteint avant 2021.

Enfin, l'écart entre les hommes et les femmes en matière d'utilisation de l'Internet, que l'objectif 5: Egalité d'accès, vise pourtant à réduire, a légèrement augmenté, passant de 11% en 2015 à 12% en 2016, ce qui signifie que les hommes sont 257 millions de plus à être connectés que les femmes.

La Commission sur le large bande regroupe plus de 50 dirigeants représentant les pouvoirs publics et le secteur privé, déterminés à aider les pays, les experts des Nations Unies et les équipes des ONG à tirer le meilleur parti du gigantesque potentiel des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) – moteurs de la création de nouvelles stratégies nationales de développement durable dans des secteurs clés tels que l'éducation, les soins de santé et la gestion de l'environnement.

L'édition 2016 du rapport sur la situation du large bande est la sixième édition du rapport annuel de la Commission sur la connectivité large bande. Publié chaque année, ce rapport est le seul à proposer un classement par pays, en fonction de l'accès et de l'accessibilité financière, pour plus de 160 pays.

 

Un exemplaire du rapport en version intégrale peut être téléchargé ici.

Les principales conclusions du rapport peuvent être téléchargées ici.

Une présentation des progrès réalisés sur la voie des cinq objectifs de la Commission sur le large bande peut être téléchargée ici.

Les photos de couverture du rapport peuvent être téléchargées ici.

Un jeu de diapositives PowerPoint résumant les principales conclusions du rapport peut être téléchargé ici.

Vidéos (disponibles en anglais seulement):

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpoIPNlF8P2PmqPTBfixP5uK3tnwAw5jz

Des podcasts audio en qualité diffusion des questions de cet entretien peuvent être téléchargés ici.

Pour en savoir plus sur la Commission sur le large bande, cliquez sur: www.broadbandcommission.org.

Suivez les activités de la Commission sur Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission.

Suivez les activités de la Commission sur Twitter: www.itu.int/twitter.

 

Pour davantage d'informations, mettez-vous en rapport avec:

A l'UIT: Sarah Parkes Chef, Relations avec les médias et information du public Tél.: +41 22 730 6135 Mobile: +41 79 599 1439 Courriel: sarah.parkes@itu.int

A l'UNESCO: George Papagiannis Chef, Relations avec les médias (a.i.) Mobile: +33 6 82 94 89 54 Courriel: g.papagiannis@unesco.org

 

A propos de l'UIT

L'UIT est la principale institution des Nations Unies pour les technologies de l'information et de la communication ; elle encourage l'innovation dans le secteur des TIC, aux côtés des 193 Etats Membres et plus de 700 entités du secteur privé et institutions universitaires qui la composent. Fondée en 1865, soit il y a plus de 150 ans, elle est l'organisation intergouvernementale chargée de coordonner l'utilisation en partage du spectre des fréquences radioélectriques au niveau mondial, d'encourager la coopération internationale en attribuant des orbites de satellite, de renforcer l'infrastructure des communications dans les pays en développement et de définir des normes mondiales qui garantissent la parfaite interconnexion de systèmes de communication très divers. Qu'il s'agisse des réseaux large bande ou des technologies hertziennes de pointe, de la navigation aéronautique et maritime, de la radioastronomie, de l'observation des océans et de la surveillance de la Terre par satellite ou de la convergence entre téléphonie fixe et téléphonie mobile, de l'Internet ou des technologies de radiodiffusion, l'UIT s'engage à connecter le monde. www.itu.int

A propos de l'UNESCO

L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture s'emploie à tirer parti des potentialités du savoir et de l'information, en particulier des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) pour transformer les économies, créer des sociétés du savoir inclusives et donner aux communautés locales les moyens d'agir en élargissant l'accès à l'information et au savoir, qui doivent être préservés et partagés, dans tous les domaines dont s'occupe l'UNESCO. Pour l'UNESCO, les sociétés du savoir doivent reposer sur les quatre piliers suivants: liberté d'expression; accès universel à l'information et au savoir; respect de la diversité culturelle et linguistique; et éducation de qualité pour tous. Pour en savoir plus, cliquez sur: www.unesco.org.

 

China, India now world’s largest Internet markets

News - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 12:51

India has overtaken the United States to become the world’s second largest Internet market, with 333 million users, trailing China’s 721 million. But a new report released today by the UN Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development also confirms that just six nations – including China and India – together account for 55% of the total global population still offline, because of the sheer size of their populations.

While Internet access is approaching saturation in richer nations, connectivity is still not advancing fast enough to help bridge development gaps in areas like education and health care for those in poorer parts of the world, according to the 2016 edition of The State of Broadband report.

Globally, an estimated 3.9 billion people are not using the Internet. But the Commission’s new report estimates that, between them, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria account for 55% of all unconnected people, while 20 countries – including the US – account for a full 75% of those not using the Internet. These findings suggest that targeted efforts in just a few key markets could help enormously in redressing the gaping ‘digital divide’ between those who are online and those still offline.

Released just ahead of the 14th meeting of the Commission in New York on September 18, The State of Broadband 2016 is optimistic about the potential of mobile broadband, with 165 countries now having deployed ‘4G’ high-speed mobile networks. As smartphone penetration reaches near-saturation in the US, Europe and mature markets in Asia like Japan and Korea, India and Indonesia in particular are expected to drive future growth. India also recently overtook the US to become the world’s second-largest smartphone market, with an estimated 260 million mobile broadband subscriptions.

The Commission argues that if today’s near-universal basic mobile phone access could be converted to high-speed mobile broadband access, mobile phones could serve as a major accelerator of development, driving rapid progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

“There is a large body of economic evidence for the role of affordable broadband connectivity as a vital enabler of economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Commission with UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. “The Sustainable Development Goals for education, gender equality and infrastructure include bold targets for information and communication technology. The SDGs are achievable, but require urgent efforts and progress in the speed, degree and equality of development. The Commission believes this can be realized through broadband.”

“Broadband technologies can be powerful development multipliers,” Director-General Bokova added, “but this requires combined investments in access and in skills and in education. This is about opening new paths to create and share knowledge. It is about enhancing freedom of expression and about widening learning opportunities, especially for girls and women. This is about developing content that is relevant, local and multilingual.”

Issued annually, The State of Broadband report is a unique global snapshot of broadband network access and affordability, with country-by country data measuring broadband access against key advocacy targets set by the Commission in 2011.

The report confirms that according to latest ITU figures, by end 2016 3.5 billion people will be using the Internet, up from 3.2 billion last year and equating to 47% of the global population. Progress in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries has been encouraging, with the Commission’s target of 15% of the LDC population online expected to be reached by the end of this year.

This year’s figures show that, once again, the top ten developing countries for household Internet penetration are all located in Asia or the Middle East. The Republic of Korea continues to have the world’s highest household Internet penetration, with 98.8% of homes connected; Qatar (96%) and United Arab Emirates (95%) rank second and third, respectively.

Iceland continues to have the highest percentage of individuals using the Internet (98.2%), while Luxembourg (97.3%) has surpassed Norway to take second place, and Andorra (97%) takes third place from Denmark.

Monaco remains very slightly ahead of Switzerland as the world leader in fixed broadband penetration, at over 47 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants compared with the Swiss figure of 45%. There are now seven economies (Monaco, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Denmark, the Netherlands, France and the Republic of Korea) where fixed broadband penetration exceeds 40%, up from six countries in 2014 and just one nation (Switzerland) in 2012.

Finland has the world’s highest percentage of active mobile broadband subscriptions, with 144 subscriptions per 100 people, followed by Singapore (142) and Kuwait (139). The Asia-Pacific region accounts for nearly half (48%) of all active mobile broadband subscriptions.

In total, there are now 91 economies where over 50% of the population is online, up from 79 in 2015. But whereas in 2014 the top ten countries for Internet use were all located in Europe, this year sees Bahrain (ranked 7th) and Japan (ranked 9th) join the group. The lowest levels of Internet usage are found in sub-Saharan Africa, with less than 3% of the population using the Internet in a number of countries including Chad (2.7%), Sierra Leone (2.5%), Niger (2.2%), Somalia (1.8%) and Eritrea (1.1%).

Broadband Commission Global Targets

Progress towards the Commission’s 2011 targets has been mixed. As regards Target 1: National Broadband Plans, the Commission’s advocacy around the importance of broadband has seen the number of countries with a National Broadband Plan grow from 102 in 2010, when the Commission began its work, to 151 today.

Progress on Target 2: Affordability, has seen the majority of countries now having reached the Commission’s goal of basic fixed broadband costing less than 5% of monthly GNI – including 83 developing countries. However, to date only five of the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries have achieved the target.

Target 3: Connecting Homes to Broadband has seen good progress, with 52% of households globally having a broadband connection. In the developed world, 84% of households are now connected, but progress has also been solid in developing countries, where household access has risen from 38% last year to 41% in 2016, exceeding the target of 40% set by the Commission in 2011.

While the Least Developed Countries are expected to attain Target 4: Getting People Online, with 15% of the population connected by the end of this year, at current growth rates the Commission’s overall global target of 60% of people online is unlikely to be achieved before 2021.

Finally, the gender gap which Target 5: Equality of Access sought to redress has in fact widened slightly, from an Internet user gender gap of 11% in 2015 to 12% in 2016, equating to 257 million more men online than women.

The Broadband Commission comprises more than 50 leaders from across a range of government and industry sectors who are committed to actively assisting countries, UN experts and NGO teams to fully leverage the huge potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to drive new national SDG strategies in key areas like education, healthcare and environmental management.

The State of Broadband 2016 is the sixth edition of the Commission’s broadband connectivity report. Released annually, it is the only report that features country-by-country rankings based on access and affordability for over 160 economies worldwide.

Download a full copy of the report.

Download the key Report Findings.

Download an overview of progress towards the Commissions 5 Broadband Targets.

Download cover photos of the report.

Download a PowerPoint slidedeck summarizing the main report findings.

 

Video: State of Broadband lead author Phillippa Biggs speaks about key issues in this year’s report:

More than half the world is still offline. What’s the main reason – and how can this ‘digital divide’ be bridged?

https://youtu.be/ZVcdQfHA2Ec

Where does the Commission believe broadband can drive significant progress?

https://youtu.be/8imC3mMhcpY

What role will broadband play in creating the ‘smart cities’ of tomorrow?

https://youtu.be/ZxDvyY1Zzd4

The report concludes with many recommendations for policy-makers and world leaders. Which are the most urgent, where are the quick wins?

https://youtu.be/Z6q1Zo9DBQE

If we want to connect the next 1.5 billion people, where should we be focusing?

https://youtu.be/g54Nvq2fnok

Full video playlist:

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpoIPNlF8P2PmqPTBfixP5uK3tnwAw5jz

 

Download broadcast-quality audio podcasts of these interview questions.

For more information on the Broadband Commission, visit: www.broadbandcommission.org

Follow the Broadband Commission on Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission

Follow the Broadband Commission on Twitter: www.itu.int/twitter

For more information, please contact:

At ITU: Sarah Parkes

Chief, Media Relations and Public Information

Tel : +41 22 730 6135
Mobile: +41 79 599 1439
E-mail: sarah.parkes(at)itu.int

At UNESCO: George Papagiannis

Chief, Media Relations (a.i.)

Mobile: + 33 6 82 94 89 54
E-mail: g.papagiannis(at)unesco.org

About ITU

ITU is the leading United Nations agency for information and communication technologies, driving innovation in ICTs together with 193 Member States and a membership of over 700 private sector entities and academic institutions. Established over 150 years ago in 1865, ITU is the intergovernmental body responsible for coordinating the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promoting international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, improving communication infrastructure in the developing world, and establishing the worldwide standards that foster seamless interconnection of a vast range of communications systems. From broadband networks to cutting-edge wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, oceanographic and satellite-based earth monitoring as well as converging fixed-mobile phone, Internet and broadcasting technologies, ITU is committed to connecting the world. www.itu.int

About UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization works to harness the power of knowledge and information, particularly through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), to transform economies, create inclusive knowledge societies, and empower local communities by increasing access to and preservation and sharing of information and knowledge in all of UNESCO’s domains. For UNESCO, such knowledge societies must be built on four pillars: freedom of expression; universal access to information and knowledge; respect for cultural and linguistic diversity; and quality education for all.  See more at: www.unesco.org

How much do countries invest in R&D? New UNESCO data tool reveals emerging players

News - Wed, 14/09/2016 - 15:22

“Innovation is key to achieving each of the Sustainable Development Goals. So it is essential to track R&D investment in the knowledge, technology and thinking that drives innovation in countries,” said Silvia Montoya, Director of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.

SDG 9 calls on governments to promote sustainable industrialization and innovation by ramping up spending on R&D and increasing the number of researchers. Both indicators are featured in the new data tool entitled: ‘How much does your country invest in R&D?’

The top five R&D performers in absolute terms (R&D expenditure) are all large economies: United States followed by China, Japan, Germany and Republic of Korea. But the ranking changes dramatically according to the data that will be used to monitor SDG 9 (R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP): Republic of Korea is the world leader followed by Israel, Japan, Finland and Sweden.

Regions have been setting their own spending targets for some time: the best-known being the European Union (EU) target to raise overall R&D investment to 3% of GDP by 2020.

According to UIS data, only six countries worldwide have managed to surpass the 3% target, and three are smaller EU economies: Denmark, Finland and Sweden. These, in turn, lag behind Japan with 3.6% and Israel with an impressive 4.1%. And all of them trail behind South Korea – the world leader – with 4.3%. Austria, Germany and Switzerland hover around 3% as does the biggest spender of all: the United States.

Few countries in other regions compete with these proportions. In Central and Eastern Europe, Slovenia leads with 2.4% compared to the Russian Federation at 1.2%. In Central Asia, the figure hovers around 0.2%, as in the case for Kazakhstan. Morocco tops the league in the Arab States with just 0.7%. Brazil is the leader in Latin America, with 1.2%, while India leads in South and West Asia with 0.8%. In Africa, the African Union is aiming for 1%, but only Kenya, Mali and South Africa approach the target.

China is achieving an astonishing average annual growth rate of 18.3% in R&D spending, compared to just 1.4% across the rest of the world’s upper-middle-income countries, according to UIS data. China’s R&D spending only amounts to 2% of its GDP, but this means that the country is pouring about PPP$369 billion into this sector each year. As the share of global R&D expenditure by high-income countries fell from 88% in 1996 to 69.3% by 2013, China alone filled that gap, increasing its share from 2.5% to 19.6%. This means that China is increasingly approaching the United States, which accounts for almost 30% of global R&D expenditure.

Globally, there were almost 1,083 researchers for every one million people in 2013. However, the share of researchers in middle-income countries, excluding China, fell from 17% to 15% between 1996 and 2013– a worrying downward trend with global implications for sustainable development.

***

Contact:
Amy Otchet – UNESCO Institute for Statistics (Montreal, Canada) +1 514 343 7933 – cell +1 402 7836; email: a.otchet(at)unesco.org

How much does your country invest in R&D? on.unesco.org/RD-spending

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