L’atelier, qui a été organisé en coopération avec la Commission nationale du Togo pour l’UNESCO et l’Université de Lomé, a réuni les acteurs nationaux principaux venant du Ministère de l’enseignement supérieure et de la recherche, du Ministère de l’enseignement primaire et secondaire, du Ministère des postes et de l’économie numérique, du Ministère de l’action sociale, des femmes et de l’alphabétisation, du Ministère de l’enseignement technique, de la formation professionnelle et de l’industrie, ainsi que de l’Université de Lomé, de l’Université de Kara et du nombre d'établissements d'enseignement supérieur privés.
L’atelier a été axé sur un aperçu des composants du Référentiel de compétences en TIC pour les enseignants et leur pertinence aux besoins éducatifs nationaux. Les discussions ont également portés sur l’utilisation des matériaux de formation pour les enseignants sur la base de ressources éducatives libres pour le développement de matériaux pédagogiques visant à soutenir la mise en œuvre du Référentiel de compétences en TIC.
Cette activité fait partie des efforts continus de l'UNESCO de promouvoir l'application des TIC pour améliorer la qualité et l'accès à l'éducation, y compris la stimulation de la production, du partage et de l'accès aux ressources éducatives ouvertes (REL). Après l'adoption par l’UNESCO de la Déclaration de Paris sur les REL en 2012, cette activité est mise en œuvre avec le soutien financier de la Fondation Hewlett et la Commission européenne.
UNESCO YouthMobile and Technovation announce strategic collaboration to give young women more opportunities in mobile app development
The collaboration builds on the experience of many worldwide initiatives that introduce young people to computer science programming (learning-to-code) and problem solving (coding-to-learn). It also seeks to build on experiences targeting young women who are vastly underrepresented in every aspect of this field. Finally, it builds on the consideration that for millions of young people, the smartphone in their pocket is today, a very powerful computer – in the future it will likely be their only computer -- and they will use it for nearly every aspect of their lives: communicating, learning, taking pictures, and playing games.
“Technovation is honoured to team up with UNESCO’s Youth Mobile Initiative to scale our mobile app start-up competition around the world. Our collaboration with UNESCO enables us to reach, inspire, and train more girls and women to create solutions for local community issues. These girls also develop the skills to build a mobile app start up and lead the next generation of tech innovators.” – Tara Chklovski, CEO, Technovation and Iridescent.
“We’re absolutely excited to collaborate with Technovation,” says Abel Caine, co-lead of YouthMobile. “Its mission to inspire and educate young women to solve real-world problems through mobile App development is at the core of UNESCO in mobilizing partners from civil society to contribute towards the realization of its overarching objectives and priorities of building inclusive knowledge societies.”
This collaboration will significantly broaden the reach of the programmes and its impact on target beneficiaries. Technovation will contribute its unique curricula for mobile applications development as openly licensed material, which UNESCO will then promote and adapt, in particular for content localization and translation to local languages. Moreover, UNESCO and Technovation will collaborate to empower key stakeholders in Member States to develop training opportunities for young people in mobile apps development.
The global objective of YouthMobile is by 2017 to have empowered at least 25,000 young people worldwide, particularly young women, with both the high-level skills and confidence to develop, promote, and sell at least 5,000 locally relevant mobile applications (apps) that solve local issues of sustainable development, and provide self-generated, viable employment opportunities in the mobile/ICT industry.
Technovation’s mission is to inspire and educate girls and women to solve real-world problems through technology. Technovation began as a pilot program in 2010 with just 45 girls. Over the past five years, it has transformed from an in-person program taught by Technovation staff to a global competition reaching thousands of girls in 28 countries. Technovation is a program of Iridescent, a 501c3 non-profit that trains engineers and scientists to mentor young people, inspire them to develop a sense of wonder about the world, and guide them in tackling real world challenges.
The non-binding Outcome Document emerged from two days of intense discussion on the draft UNESCO Internet Study which is titled “Keystones to Foster Inclusive Knowledge Societies: Access to information and knowledge, Freedom of Expression, Privacy and Ethics on a Global Internet”.
The Outcome Document reflects the process of finalizing the Study and the options which it proposes for UNESCO member states to consider.
Proposed in the Document is affirmation of the human rights principles that underpin UNESCO’s approach to Internet-related issues, and support for the Internet Universality principles that promote a Human Rights-based, Open Internet, which is Accessible to all and characterized by Multistakeholder participation (R.O.A.M).
The study and its options follow an almost year-long process, which involved, inter alia, several rounds of consultation with member states and other actors, as well as almost 200 major responses to an online questionnaire.
Ahead of the conference, the draft study and Outcome Statement were put online in open consultation with stakeholders. Responses came from Brazil, France, Germany, India, Sweden, United Kingdom, the United States, the Council of Europe, the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Freedom Online Coalition, the World Association of Newspapers, Association of Progressive Communication, and several other NGOs and individuals.
During the conference itself, 16 breakout sessions saw comments made on both the draft study and outcomes document, and two specialised open drafting sessions were also attended by many of the participants.
The deliberations dealt with the Internet-related issues within, and the relationships between, Access, Ethics, Freedom of Expression and Privacy issues related to the Internet. They shed new light on a people-centred perspective of Internet, including issues of empowerment and rights online.
A multistakeholder group worked continuously during the conference to synthesise several rounds of feedback into an outcome document that could reflect the points of consensus. The group suggested that a number of proposals to add more detail and additional debates into the final Outcome Document, would be better reflected with the study.
Leading the multistakeholder group was Mr William Dutton, Quello Professor, Michigan State University, who had earlier helped UNESCO to synthesise the many responses and inputs into the draft study. Dutton will now assist with refining the study during March to incorporate insights from the Conference.
Other group members, reflecting a range of constituencies, included Ms Albana Shala, Chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for Development of Communication (IPDC); Ms Chafica Haddad, Chair of UNESCO’s Information For All Programme (IFAP); Mr Jānis Kārkliņš, Chair of Multistakeholder Advisory Group (MAG) for Internet Governance Forum; Ms Constance Bommelaer, Internet Society (ISOC); Ms Ellen Blackler, International Chamber of Commerce (ICC); Ms Anriette Esterhuysen, Association for Progressive Communication (APC); Ms Rana Sabbagh, Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalism (ARIJ) and Mr Erick Iriarte, IALaw.
Thanking the participants after the adoption of the Outcome Document, the Deputy Director General of UNESCO Mr Getachew Engida said: “The Internet and all new information and communication must be at the heart of the post-2015 agenda - as a transformational force and a foundation for building the knowledge societies we need.”
He continued: “This is the importance of R.O.A.M principles for inspiring a human rights-based, open Internet that is accessible to all and characterized by multi-stakeholder participation.”
The Outcome Document will be forwarded to the UNESCO Executive Board, where Member States may decide to recommend it to the 38th General Conference of UNESCO in November 2015.
The multistakeholder event was convened to assess a draft UNESCO study on Internet issues of access, freedom of expression, privacy and ethical dimensions of the Information Society.
Ms Shala highlighted that the forthcoming IPDC Bureau meeting on 27 March will discuss the protection of journalists at three levels: state officials, newsroom policies, and individual capacities, and give attention to digital protection as well as physical protection.
“The right to free expression applies across borders and across media platforms. In other words, to the Internet as much as to newspapers, magazines, radio and television. And without safety, the right to free expression cannot be properly exercised,” she said.
Ms Shala added: “In a global world, to stop journalists being killed anywhere, it is necessary to stop the attacks everywhere. There should be no space for ‘precedents’ and copycat killings.
“Journalists in all countries and on all media platforms, need to be protected, and perpetrators of attacks must be brought to justice everywhere.”
The IPDC Chair reminded the conference that IPDC was the cradle of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, which served as an internationally agreed framework for multi-stakeholder co-operation in securing safe freedom of expression and justice for those who are attacked for their use of free expression.
She pointed out that the Director-General’s report to the IPDC Intergovernmental Council on judicial follow-up by States regarding the killings of journalists covered the cases of online and social media producers as well as traditional media.
The Programme had also given support to safety training projects that include the digital dimension, such as a Massive Open Online Course on free expression and the law, attracting more than 1000 judicial actors in Mexico.
In addition, IPDC had made a contribution to the UNESCO consultative Internet study by hosting a discussion on online privacy and freedom of expression with five experts at the Council meeting in 2014. “As an integral part of this Organization, IPDC will be there to make its unique contribution to any follow up of the study that is decided by the UNESCO Member States,” said Ms Shala.
The integration and application of ICT in education is a high priority in Kenya and UNESCO is assisting the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, the Teacher Service Commission and the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development in the development of Open Education Resource materials in ICT integration in education. Fifty master trainers drawn from all the 47 counties, including two special needs teachers, attended the two-day face-to-face training in Nairobi.
With the integration of ICT in education, the roles of teachers definitely take a different turn. Instead of being the knowledge transmitters, they automatically become the facilitators of learning processes. Therefore this capacity building equipped the master trainers with various skills and competencies on how to train other teachers and holistically understand the concept of ICT integration. Ms Janet Mayora of Mwijabu Primary school, Mombasa County stated, “With the advent of ICT integration in education, most school operations are bound to change; there’s going to be a shift from the traditional way of teaching to the modern way. Learning will shift from the long boring lectures to student centered approach. Online learning and web-based courses will grow to enable students to directly access information sources on their own.”
The training also focused on teachers with special needs. Mr Collins Odanga, a visually impaired teacher at Tambach Teachers’ College, Uasin Gishu County, stated, “The ICT integration for learners with disabilities is extremely important avenue to manage disability related challenges. Some types of disabilities pose a big challenge when using the orthodox chalk-talk approach. For instance, for a visually impaired person or one with physical challenge it might be almost impossible to write on a chalkboard. Therefore, the use of computer and a projector is a good solution for this challenge. In addition, the voice programmes, such as jaws for windows, thunder, NVDA and many others will transform the digital life of visually impaired persons and enable them to use the computer just like everybody else. The acquisition of ICT skills will definitely improve the employability level of people with disabilities.”
At the end of the workshop, participants expressed their satisfaction about understanding how the KICT CFT fits into the larger picture of Kenyan educators’ professional development. They also appreciated a better understanding of Open Education Resources and UNESCO’s ICT CFT, as well as their potential use. Mr Bonga Jobunga from Asumbi Teachers’ Training College, Homabay County stated, “The introduction of new learning platforms will help teachers and learners meet various teaching, learning and communication objectives. The introduction of ICT will help improve communication with parents. This is considered to be important in reducing the home-school divide. For enhanced teacher delivery and improved learner participation, parents play a critical role. Enhancing communication with them will, therefore, result in an increased curriculum delivery.”
This activity falls within UNESCO’s mandate to assisting educational planners and teacher training course developers to prepare teachers for making effective use of technology solutions. This activity is a direct follow-up to the 2012 World Congress on Open Educational Resources which released the Paris Declaration on OERs calling on governments to openly license all educational materials produced with public funds. Supported by a generous grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (USA), UNESCO is working with the Governments of Kenya, Oman, Bahrain and Indonesia to implement dynamic and relevant policies to guide and recognize teachers and learners to find, adapt, use, develop and share Open Educational Resources.
This workshop which was organized conjointly with the Togo National Commission to UNESCO, and the University of Lomé brought together key national stakeholders from the Togo Ministry of Higher Education and Research, the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education, the Ministry of the Post and Digital Economy, the Ministry of Social Action, Women, and Literacy, and the Ministry of Technical and Vocational Education, as well the University of Lomé, the University of Kara and a number of private higher education institutions.
H.E. Mr Octve Nicoué K. Broohm, Minister of Higher Education and Research, in his opening speech underscored the increased need for a trained work force with the necessary ICT skills. H.E. Mr Broohm stated,”To reach these objectives, teachers must be ready, and UNESCO has produced the ICT CFT which identifies the necessary competencies that teachers must have to effectively use ICT in their professional practice”.
The Workshop focused on providing an overview of the ICT CFT components and their relevance to national educational needs. The discussions also focused on the use of OER – based teacher training materials for the development of pedagogical materials to support the implementation of the ICT CFT.
This activity is part of UNESCO’s continued efforts of promoting the application of ICTs to enhance the quality of and access to education, including the stimulation of production, sharing and access to open educational resources (OERs). After the adoption of the Paris OER Declaration in 2012 UNESCO, this activity is being implemented with the financial support of the Hewlett Foundation and the European Commission.
The study is the result of a global consultation process that followed a mandate from UNESCO’s 195 Member States for a comprehensive study into Internet-related issues under UNESCO’s mandate. The submissions received during July-December 2014 have been consolidated into a draft report, titled Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies.
To discuss this draft, and the options it proposes for UNESCO member states to consider, more than 300 participants are meeting at UNESCO headquarters in Paris on 3-4 March 2015.
Called CONNECTing the dots, the event provide a platform to explore the findings of the study in preparation for its finalisation. This multistakeholder event features presentations by a wide range of speakers from all parts of the world. These include participants from governments, civil society, academia, private sector, the technical community, inter-governmental and international organizations as well as noted thought leaders, innovators and pioneers in the Internet Governance space.
The options outlined in the study will be presented to UNESCO’s Member States when they meet to determine the Organization’s programme and priorities at the next General Conference later this year. The research also represents a significant contribution to the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)+10 Review process and the post-2015 international development agenda.
Silencing the journalist through death is the ultimate act of censorship, which averages to more than one journalist killed every week. The situation is further aggravated by other threats ranging from intimidation and harassment to restrictive policies and arbitrary detention, including attacks on women journalists. Equally worrying, more than nine out of ten cases of killing of journalists remain unsolved. The end result is a vicious cycle of impunity and a chilling effect on society in a climate of fear and self-censorship.
Nevertheless, until recently, journalists’ safety has seldom been a topic of systematic and in-depth academic research. Therefore, in collaboration with the Global Communication Association (GCA) Conference, UNESCO is organizing a Special Session on Safety of Journalists during the 10th GCA Conference taking place in the city of Berlin, Germany from 16 -19 July 2015.
This Special Session is the first in a series of dedicated workshops organized by UNESCO, aiming to strengthen cooperation with academia in line with the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, and to establish an academic research agenda on journalists’ safety. In the Special Session, different aspects of journalists’ safety and issue of impunity will be discussed. The Special Session invites theoretically informed papers/presentations covering issues such as
- Media development, human rights and journalists’ safety
- Societal causes and effects of journalists’ (un)safety
- Legal frameworks and journalists’ safety
- Journalistic practices, working conditions and journalists’ safety
- Journalism education, professionalism and safety
- Journalists’ safety in conflict and non-conflict situations
- Specific safety threats (gender-specific, topic specific such as war or crime reporting)
- Psychological effects of safety threats
- Measuring journalists’ safety
As the UN agency with a specific mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom, UNESCO actively promotes the safety of journalists and those who produce journalism. UNESCO has championed the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity which is the first concerted effort within the UN system to address these issues via a multi-stakeholder and holistic approach. The UN Plan aims towards the creation of a free and safe environment for journalists and media workers in both conflict and non-conflict situations, with a view to strengthen peace, democracy, and development worldwide. The UN Plan is a global reference point on safety of journalists and the issue of impunity. The UN Plan is referenced in landmark resolutions adopted the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council.
Details concerning submission dates and requirements can be accessed through the conference’s website at http://gca2015.com/call-for-papers/ . For more information concerning the Special Session on Safety of Journalists and of UNESCO’s work in the area of safety of journalists, please contact Mr. Ming-Kuok Lim (mk.lim(at)unesco.org)
“This is an important step for our country,” explains Zeinab Mohammed, journalist and member of the Association.
One year after the ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1999, the government of Djibouti appointed a delegate to review and analyze all of Djibouti’s gender-related policies. By 2003, political participation showed signs of improvement introducing, for the first time, the election of seven women into Parliament.
Legislative and other gender equality measures have been building up during the years leading to the landmark challenge that is now attempting to introduce gender-sensitive policies throughout the broadcast and press system. Although a number of initiatives continue to promote the role of women in Djiboutian society, many measures have not applied to the media sector.
“This is why gender equality in the media is a priority area for the association,” said Zeinab Mohamed, “A lot still needs to be done in terms of gender equality."
Djibouti is characterized by a state-owned radio and television station, Radiodiffusion-Television de Djibouti (RTD). Two newspapers are published in Djibouti, namely Nation (in French) and Al Qarn (in Arabic). Djibouti also has a news agency, l’Agence djiboutienne de l’Information which publishes only on the Internet.
Members of the Journalists’ Association concluded that UNESCO’s Gender-Sensitive Indicators for Media (GSIM) would be used to measure gender equality in content and media operations to promote gender equality and fair gender representation within media organizations and content.
The Association intends to use the results of this research based project to expand its fields of action and promote gender equality and empowerment of women in and through the media.
This landmark event, organized by the Israel National Commission for UNESCO and its National IFAP Committee along with the Department of Education at Ben Gurion University, the Sammy Ofer School of Communication at the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya and the Open University of Israel will be held from 17 - 19 February 2014 in Beer Sheba, Israel.
According to Mr Getachew Engida, UNESCO’s Deputy Director-General, the Forum comes at a critical juncture. “We are living through times of incredible changes with new opportunities for addressing development challenges… But, we are also seeing new digital divides and new forms of exclusion that raise hard ethical questions about balance, rhythm and harmony, indeed about well-being. So we must give all people particularly young women and men the tools and opportunities to ensure that they are not controlled by technology but rather harness its full power for their own fulfillment and the benefit of all. Furthermore, as we look towards the post-2015 period, I think the outcomes of the Forum can help to shape more effectives strategies and frameworks for enlisting information and communication technologies to implement the global sustainable development agenda”.
The conference will take place in two phases consisting of a two-day expert conference followed by a one-day conference aimed at raising awareness amongst the general public.
The conference of experts will provide a forum for sharing and comparing the latest research and emerging global experiences and trends in this field. In particular, their deliberations will seek to deepen understanding of how the long-term interactions between digital media, on one hand and individuals and society on the other, are affecting well-being. These experts will also focus on the development of indicators and the establishment of a program to measure and assess well-being.
The one-day event for general audiences will be structured around lectures, panel sessions and debates that will culminate with the launching of the Forum on Well Being in Digital Media. The event is expected to attract media and generate broader awareness and understanding of the related challenges amongst the wider public.
The Forum on Well Being will serve as a global observatory supporting ongoing monitoring and measurement, collating research and policy documents on digital well-being. It will also host an online community of practice that links researchers, policy makers, users and industry actors to share information and develop responses that enhance well-being for individuals and society.
The intergovernmental Information for All Programme was established in 2001. It provides a platform for international policy discussions, cooperation and the development of guidelines for action in the area of access to information and knowledge. The Programme supports Member States to develop and implement national information policy and strategy frameworks.
The series of meetings aims at creating a space for an open dialogue between stakeholders on the issue of freedom of expression and the means to enhance the judiciary safety of journalists. In particular the dialogue will help to create a common and shared understating of the notion of freedom of expression, to foster sharing of experiences and good legal practices to promote freedom of expression, and to develop an advocacy strategy to protect journalists and fight against impunity of crimes against journalists.
The first meeting will be held in Rabat on 18 and 19 February and will introduce the notion of freedom of expression. It will then be followed by the analysis of the draft Moroccan press code and its impacts for the safety of journalists.
This activity is made possible thanks to the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
Since the launch of UNESCO’s Media and Information Literacy Curriculum for Teachers in 2011 in Fès, Morocco, there has been an increased demand for the creation of a pool of expert trainers on Media and Information Literacy in a view to widespread the teaching of MIL in schools and integrate MIL into the extra-curriculum activities of young people in the Maghreb countries.
In this context UNESCO’s Rabat Office in partnership with the Arab Institute of Human Rights put in place together a plan to create and launch the first regional network of MIL expert trainers. Eighteen future expert trainers from various profiles (teachers, journalists, media professionals, librarians, etc.) duly selected by UNESCO are meeting this week in Tunis for three days to update their knowledge and expertise on MIL, enhance their skills in pedagogical practices of MIL, and agree on a plan of action to widespread the integration of MIL into the life of young people in the Maghreb countries.
Media and Information Literacy recognizes the primary role of information and media in our everyday lives. It lies at the core of freedom of expression and information since it empowers citizens to understand the functions of media and other information providers, to critically evaluate their content, and to make informed decisions as users and producer of information and media content.
This activity is made possible thanks to the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
Des experts pour parler « jeune » sur des radios à grandes audiences, des émissions faites par des jeunes et pour les jeunes, des spots de célébration… Cette année la radio prend un sacré coup de jeune !
Hit Radio, partenaire de l’événement diffusera tout au long de la Journée des spots de célébration invitant des jeunes à parler de leurs idéaux, leurs analyses, leurs réalités et le lien qui les unie à ce média. Des micros-trottoirs que Louaï Hafa, journaliste radio à e-Joussour et militant est allé recueillir avec son enregistreur audio.
Le paysage médiatique marocain n’est pas en reste. Atlantic Radio, partenaire de première importance consacrera 7 minutes en prime time à l’UNESCO, la Journée et à la jeunesse marocaine. Sept minutes de célébration, d’analyses et d’échanges.
La radio par les jeunes pour les jeunes
E-Joussour justement a saisi cette opportunité en proposant une initiative inédite au Maroc. Deux émissions d’une heure, l’une en français, l’autre en darija, diffusées sur les webradios au Maroc et dans la région Maghreb- Machrek. Durant deux heures de programme, une animatrice, un animateur, des invités jeunes et engagés dans le projet NET MED Youth au Maroc, l’analyse de l’UNESCO, pour des réflexions, débats et impressions à chaud des jeunes. Les thèmes : liberté d’expression des jeunes à la radio, représentativité des jeunes et nouvelles formes d’expressions possibles … Retrouvez l’émission sur e-Joussour.
J20Café : un café-débat pour clore la célébration
Parmi ces nouvelles formes d’expression, Marwan Elaarj en a créé et valorisé une : le J20Café. Organisé par J20.MA, en partenariat avec la Fondation HIBA et en collaboration avec l’UNESCO, J20Café est une rencontre débat qui se veut un espace d’interaction avec le public. L’objectif de J20Café est d’aborder divers thématiques socioculturelles d’actualité en rapport avec les jeunes au Maroc. A l’occasion de la journée mondiale de la Radio, et pour sa 5ème édition, J20Café a choisi d’ouvrir le débat autour de la radio, les jeunes et liberté d’expression dans le cadre du projet NET MED YOUTH de l’UNESCO. Ainsi, les questions qui se posent sont :
- Jusqu’à quel degré peut-on parler de liberté d’expression ?
- Est-ce que l’émergence de nouvelles radios garantie une expression plus libre et participative ?
- Quelles pourraient être les alternatives à la radio traditionnelle ?
Autant de questions auxquelles il sera possible de trouver des réponses. Pour cela, rendez-vous le 13 février au Cinéma Renaissance, 360 Avenue Mohammed V, 10000 Rabat, Maroc ou d’ores-et-déjà sur la page Facebook de l’événement.
Experts will speak “in the words of youth” to large audiences through radio, broadcasts made by youth and for youth, celebration spots ... This year the radio goes through a big makeover!
Hit Radio, a partner for the event, will broadcast celebration spots throughout the Day, inviting young people to talk about their ideals, their analyses, their realities and the link between them and this media. Vox pops that Louaï Hafa, radio journalist and advocate at e-Joussour went collecting with his audio recorder.
The Moroccan media landscape is not staying behind. Atlantic Radio, a major partner, will devote seven minutes in prime time to UNESCO, the Day and Moroccan youth. Seven minutes of celebration, analyses and exchanges.
Radio for youth and by youth
E-Joussour took this opportunity to propose an unprecedented initiative in Morocco: two one-hour programs, one in French and one in darija, broadcasted on Internet radio in Morocco and the Maghreb-Mashreq region. During the two hours of programming, a presenter, a commentator, young guests engaged in the NET MED Youth project in Morocco, the analysis of UNESCO, will come together to reflect, discuss and share impressions of youth. The themes: youth´s freedom of expression on the radio, youth´s representation and new possible forms of expression… Find the programme on e-Joussour.
J20Café: a debate-café to close the celebration
Among these new forms of expression, Marwan Elaarj has created and given value to one: the J20Café. Organized by J20.MA, in partnership with the HIBA Foundation and in collaboration with UNESCO, J20Café is a debate forum that aims to facilitate a space for interaction with the public. The objective of J20Café is to address various current socio-cultural issues related to youth in Morocco. On the occasion of World Radio Day, J20Café chose, for its 5th edition, to open a debate on radio, youth and freedom of expression in the framework of UNESCO’s NET-MED YOUTH project. Thus, the questions that arise are:
To what extent can we speak of freedom of expression?
Does the emergence of new radios guarantee a more free participatory speech?
What could be the alternatives to traditional radio?
According to this document, stakeholders such as governments, academia and professional community, industry, media and content producers, and others should, among others:
- Formulate, contribute and adopt sustainable national language policies on the crucial issue of linguistic diversity and multilingualism, including promotion, safeguarding, representation, technological development, especially for the improvement of access to cyberspace for disadvantaged communities;
- Encourage developments on language technology systems and tools with extensive multilingual capabilities, with regard to operating systems, search engines and web browsers and to consider facilitating affordable Internet access in public service institutions.
- Strengthen international cooperation and building partnerships to support capacity-building for the production and distribution of local and indigenous content in digital and open forms and work to provide necessary resources to alleviate barriers for a different language users, including marginalized communities.
Recalling the importance of upscaling the existing tool for promotion and monitoring of linguistic diversity and multilingualism, experts recommended to develop UNESCO’s World Atlas of Languages along the following steps over the next two-year period:
- Establishment of an Advisory Group composed of professionals and experts within the relevant fields, respecting geographical representation and gender balance;
- Development of a mechanism and sustainable tools for monitoring language vitality and for the assessment, promotion and preservation using innovative technological solutions;
- Promotion of multilingualism in the context of the international frameworks such as Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals and on the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes implementation and seek support for other international events.
Once operational, the UNESCO’s World Atlas of Languages should contain a full data on languages, policies, regulations, technical recommendations and best practices in this field. It is expected that a new globally accessible and open online platform will be used for monitoring and promotion of the world’s languages online, strengthen cooperation and knowledge sharing using open and inclusive technological solutions among international, regional and national language institutions.
The international expert meeting, held from 28 to 29 October 2014 in Paris, was organized by UNESCO in cooperation with the Government of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra (Russian Federation), the Permanent Delegation of the Russian Federation for UNESCO and the Russian Committee of the UNESCO Information for All Programme.
Concepts contained in the MDIs such as public service broadcasting “are relevant to fulfill the information needs of many local communities and vulnerable groups” said Dr. Zhongda Yuan from the Beijing Normal University, one of the workshop’s facilitators. Dr. Yuan has also translated into Chinese the IPDC-endorsed publication Media Development Indicators: A framework for assessing media development in close consultation with the UNESCO Beijing Office.
This workshop was organized within the framework of the IPDC project “Improving the Media Landscape in the Ethnic Minority Area of Yunnan Province”. This project also involved an MDI-based research activity in four pilot areas of the Yunnan province which comprises 26 ethnic groups and more than 25 local broadcast outlets, in additional to a provincial broadcaster, catering to 47 million inhabitants. The research was conducted in the form a surveys among both media professionals and their audiences.
The survey polled a sample of 115 media professionals, 75% of which were from minorities. The results highlighted the need to increase locally-produced content which is scarce due to lack of adequate staffing and resources in local media outlets. They also suggested the need to introduce media self-regulation and to enhance production skills. Concerning safety of media workers, about five per cent of the Survey’s respondents said that they had been harassed or threatened because of their profession, while one reporter stated having been subject to a physical attack, and another having been forced to reveal a source.
The findings of the survey portrayed a working environment in which small media outlets have to fulfill obligations towards local authorities. They also revealed a trend of mounting commercial pressure, with an increased part of the running budget of local media outlets needing to be generated by advertisement, leaving them struggling for economic sustainability in a context of competition with bigger media players.
From the survey involving a sample of the media audience it emerged that the majority of viewers of local television outlets prefer watching “TV news and information programs” (69% of respondents), followed by “arts programs” (11%). These results contrast with audiences’ preferences for provincial and national outlets, where entertainment programmes are most commonly sought. A clear majority of the audiences of local television outlets surveyed would like to see more locally-produced content broadcast (83% of respondents), reflecting the voices of ethnic minorities (65%), poor people (28%) and women (24%).
Such request for locally-produced content can be explained by the fact that “people want information relevant to them and their livelihoods” explained Mr. Haining Wu, Secretary-General of the CSFFTAP. The survey’s conclusions have been shared with relevant national authorities and CSFFTAP is planning to organize a “high-level” roundtable discussion later this year. CSFFTAP’s Secretary-General hopes that these activities will contribute to addressing current challenges of multilingual and local media outlets.
As a follow up to the survey’s recommendations, CSFFTAP has organized a first training workshop in Kunming, focusing on TV Program Production in Ethnic Minority Languages, and benefiting 30 media professionals selected from amongst nine local media outlets. Twelve ethnic minorities (Bai, Dai, Hani, Hui, Jingbo, Lisu, Miao, Naxi, Yi, Wa, Zang, and Zhuang) were represented and 13 of the participants were women.
Introducing the MDI methodology at the workshop, Andrea Cairola, Adviser for Communication and Information at the UNESCO Beijing Office, mentioned the importance of media pluralism and multilingualism to reflect the diversities of society. He also quoted UNESCO’s Director-General Ms. Irina Bokova stressing that: “Every language is equal and linked. Each is a unique force for understanding, writing and expressing reality…It is through language that we make sense of the world and that we can transform it for the better.”
One media professional from an ethnic minority who attended the workshop in Kunming said that “this kind of training and the MDI framework are really useful and can be applied in our daily work.” Other participants expressed the wish that such trainings and assessments contribute to advocating for policies supporting the flourishing of local media.
The CSFFTAP had applied to IPDC for support with a project proposal that was approved by the IPDC Bureau at its 57th meeting in March 2013. IPDC is the only multilateral forum in the UN system designed to mobilize the international community to discuss and promote media development.
Destacando la importancia de la publicación, el Dr. Indrajit Banerjee, Director de la División de las Sociedades del Conocimiento, Comunicación y Sector de Información, UNESCO señaló “SciELO fue lanzado cuatro años antes de la Declaración de Budapest, y seis años antes de la Declaración de Berlín sobre Acceso Abierto y fue pionero en el concepto de Acceso Abierto y trajo la investigación al fácil alcance de la gente común. A partir de 10 revistas en un seminario público en São Paulo en su año de inicio al nivel actual de 1.000 revistas y 500.000 artículos descargables libremente es una hazaña notable y un ejemplo de enfoque de Acceso Abierto por excelencia!”
De igual manera, teniendo en cuenta la importancia de la publicación, el Sr. Abel Packer, Director de SciELO declaró que “el espíritu pionero y el alcance de SciELO es mejorar la calidad, visibilidad, uso y impacto de las revistas que están disponibles en forma Abierta. SciELO integra las funciones de indexación, evaluación del desempeño de la revista, publicación online en acceso abierto y diseminación siguiendo las normas internacionales de más alta calidad“. SciELO se implementa a través de una red de colecciones nacionales de revistas que se extiende a través de 16 países, la mayoría de América Latina y Caribe, más Portugal, Sud África y España.
Siguiendo el mandato dado a la UNESCO en 2009, UNESCO ha estado trabajando en el campo del Acceso Abierto para fortalecer el mandato de clearing-house de la organización. La 187ª sesión del Comité Ejecutivo aprobó la estrategia de la UNESCO para la promoción del Acceso Abierto a la información e investigación científica, que también fue adoptada por la Conferencia General en la 36ª sesión. Implícito en la estrategia está diseminar los enfoques claves al Acceso Abierto que no solamente son pioneros sino también son pioneros en que se dio un ejemplo replicable a todo el mundo. La publicación actual se publica en el marco del mismo mandato.
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