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La culture et les TIC, moteurs du développement durable

Actualités - Thu, 04/06/2015 - 11:14

Dans ce contexte, les TIC peuvent relever des défis mondiaux essentiels au travers de l’exercice de la liberté d’expression et de la promotion de la diversité culturelle, dans la mesure où elles ont un impact direct sur la création, la production et la diffusion des expressions culturelles, ainsi que sur la façon dont on y accède, et où elles jouent un rôle de plus en plus pertinent dans la préservation et la transmission du patrimoine culturel.

Dans le cadre du Forum 2015 SMSI, un groupe de discussion sur la grande orientation C8 « diversité et identité culturelles, diversité linguistique et contenus locaux » a débattu de la façon dont les TIC favorisent l’entreprenariat culturel dans les secteurs de la culture et de la création, en particulier dans les pays en développement et au niveau local. Il a aussi discuté de la manière dont les nouvelles formes de médias et de technologies renforcent les plateformes destinées au dialogue et aux échanges, ainsi que les capacités des populations locales de surmonter les défis auxquels sont confrontées les communautés à travers le monde.

« En Afrique, les TIC favorisent un accès plus vaste aux biens culturels et aux services, mais au-delà de l’accès et de la distribution, elles permettent aux créateurs de dialoguer avec le public, de créer en commun et d’entrer en contact avec la diaspora. » a déclaré Silja Fischer, Secrétaire générale du Conseil international de la musique.

La session a exploré les mesures qui peuvent être prise afin de consolider les politiques et stratégies visant à promouvoir la diversité des expressions culturelles ainsi que les secteurs de la culture et de la création, et à préserver le patrimoine culturel à l’aide des TIC, notamment pour une documentation plus efficace, pour la protection, la transmission et l’accessibilité. Elle a été l’occasion de discuter des politiques et stratégies qui doivent être mises en place afin de susciter le développement économique et social dans la perspective de nouveaux modes de création, de production, de diffusion et de consommation des biens culturels et des services par les jeunes de l’ère numérique.

Les principaux résultats de la session soulignent que :

·        Les TIC sont de plus en plus intégrées aux secteurs de la culture et de la création. Même si l’accessibilité à tous reste un défi important, les pays en développement utilisent les TIC pour développer des contenus culturels, pour la création, l’accès et la distribution. Il y a des modèles d’innovations positifs qui sont adaptés à un contexte précis.

·        Les individus sont les moteurs des modèles de développement, de la créativité et de l’innovation, mais les gouvernements doivent mettre en place des politiques nationales et des infrastructures qui favorisent la diversité des expressions culturelles, comblent le fossé numérique et se maintiennent au niveau des nouvelles avancées.

·        Les initiatives de numérisation du contenu et du patrimoine culturel sont de plus en plus nombreuses. Elles contribuent à préserver ce contenu pour les générations futures (par exemple dans les librairies numériques et les musées) et permettent également à des groupes marginalisés de s’engager, de partager leur savoir (même un savoir traditionnel) et d’encourager la cohésion sociale.

Plus d'informations sur le Forum:

UNESCO convenes session to discuss open and inclusive access to information

News - Thu, 04/06/2015 - 10:53

While the contexts of “Openness” and “inclusiveness” have been appreciated as the two key pillars to improve access, their interplay within the broader realm of globalization, the rise in the mobility, the increasing demand for lifelong learning opportunities, the proliferation of open and inclusive governance systems; and the growing role of private sector still remain to be properly understood.

This session discussed WSIS Action Line C3 - Access to Information and Knowledge (A2K) - specifically the two key pillars that improve access to information and knowledge - “Openness” and “Inclusiveness”. The panel agreed that numerous global collaborative initiatives and consultations are helping to shape the Post-2015 and the WSIS +10 Development Agendas. These processes though in many ways separate, share common goals of world peace, human progress and the full realization of human potentials. Thus exploration on ways to support policies for access to information and knowledge takes on a heightened significance given its clear potential for contributing to and advancing development processes.

The panel highlighted that in the last 10 years, global landscape of knowledge has benefitted because of an improved connectivity, especially due to the availability of cheap mobile networks and inexpensive handheld devices. A very encouraging scenario was noted for Africa. The panel noted that the technology is not the ultimate accelerator for knowledge dissemination, as it does not fix everything! The panel noted the need to address the basics and not just regulatory issues but also the fundamental issues – such as power to charge phones in developing countries. The panel asserted a need to examine the available technological solutions from their affordability, sustainability, and practicality points of views. It was also highlighted that there is a need to understand that public policy instruments for these issues are already available, but their judicious use is still lacking.

Thus, good governance was noted as absolutely essential to access, and particularly human rights and the rule of law were noted as the key enablers of A2K.  The panel also noted continuing importance of community based spaces such as libraries to encourage accessing information and knowledge, and providing such access to all forms of digital and traditional media.

Both the panellists and audience highlighted the importance of synching SDG and WSIS+10 processes and alluded to the imperative for maintaining transparency in the processes so that the outcomes received multi-stakeholder approval. 

The panel noted the need to consider the speed of innovation, economic and social change and the challenges these pose to existing institutions, governance models and “ways of doing things”.  Panellists highlighted decreasing control of individuals over their data and the challenge this poses for identity, privacy and security – a challenge that will only increase in all economies, developed and developing.

In order to address these, the panel noted the critical role that empowerment could play.  Especially there is a need for getting beyond the talk of “people-cantered, inclusive development oriented information societies” and actually achieving the “people-cantered and inclusive” dimension of the knowledge societies, which cannot be solved by ICTs alone. The panel asserted that although much progress has been made in instilling “inclusion” in A2K, there remains so much to do be done to empower all persons by addressing issues related to human rights, environmental concerns, gender, disabilities. The panel also noted that there is a need for locally relevant content development to fuel the demand for access, in which multilingualism must also play a key role.

Concerns were expressed that the efficiency and adequacy of the processes while synching SDG and WSIS+10 goals are of absolute importance.  It was hoped that the SDG and WSIS+10 processes would strengthen provisions to examine the sustainability of projects initiated to improve access to information and knowledge, thus developing a set of key indicators is essential to monitor progress.  The panel noted the need for an enhanced inclusion of Open solutions, open standards, and understanding the needs of the people with disability as important features in addressing A2K.

The panel consisted of Prof. Roni Aviram, Vice-Chairperson of the Bureau of the Intergovernmental Council for the Information for All Programme (IFAP) of UNESCO; Mr Makane Faye, Chief of Knowledge Services Section at United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UN-ECA); Mrs Janice Richardson, Representative of African Child Online Protection, Education, Awareness; Mr Nigel Hickson, Vice President IGO Engagement, ICANN; Mr Matthew Shears, Representative and Director, Global Internet Policy and Human Rights Project, Center for Democracy and Technology; and Mr Ephraim Percy Kenyanito, Policy Fellow at AccessNow.Org. The panel was moderated by Mr  Bhanu R. Neupane of UNESCO's Knowledge Societies Division.

UNESCO research is previewed at editors’ congress

News - Thu, 04/06/2015 - 10:31

The research for the publication, which examines 121 countries, found that source protection had lagged and that laws needed to be introduced or amended to recognize the issues of the digital age.

A leaflet summarizing the findings was circulated at the meeting, where UNESCO was represented on the panel by Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Guy Berger.

The leaflet reads: “The legal frameworks that protect the confidential sources of journalism internationally are essential to reporting information in the public interest – information that may otherwise never have come to light.”

The document references key UNESCO and United Nations statements on the topic. An 11 point framework is proposed, as a way to assess the effectiveness of source protection law in the digital age.

The research was done by WAN-IFRA for UNESCO, within the framework of the wider study of the Internet that was mandated by Resolution 52 of the 37th General Conference.

According to the findings, protection of journalism sources in the digital age needs reform of surveillance systems as recommended by the General Assembly, law reform within states, training of journalists in digital safety, and efforts to education the public and sources in secure digital communications.

A strong theme at the WAN-IFRA conference was the safety of journalists and the problem of impunity for attacks against them.

Le forum 2015 SMSI associe les TIC aux ODD

Actualités - Wed, 03/06/2015 - 17:30

À l’ouverture du Forum 2015 SMSI, le mardi 26 mai, le Directeur général adjoint de l’UNESCO  M. Getachew Engida a souligné le fait qu’une transition vers de nouveaux ODD exige d’aller au-delà des projets pilotes TIC et d’intensifier l’intégration des TIC dans toutes les actions pertinentes. En outre, M. Engida a mis l’accent sur l’importance d’une coopération multilatérale et d’une action collective, soulignant le rôle central du Groupe des Nations Unies sur la Société de l’Information (UNGIS) pendant l’examen du SMSI et par la suite. M. Engida a aussi représenté l’UNESCO en tant que co-président d’une réunion de haut niveau de l’UNGIS qui s’est également tenue mardi matin.

Mercredi, l’UNESCO a organisé un dialogue de haut niveau sur le sujet : « Faire de l’autonomisation une réalité – Accessibilité pour tous ». Cette session de dialogue était présidée par M. Indrajit Banerjee, directeur de la Division des sociétés du savoir, secteur Communication et information, UNESCO. M. Banerjee a affirmé que pour l’UNESCO, il est vital que chacun puisse être un membre créatif et productif de sa communauté. Cela demande qu’en retour, une attention particulière soit portée aux besoins des personnes handicapées.

Une des principales conclusions dégagées au cours de la session a été que : « L’accessibilité n’a pas à être demandée, elle doit être apportée naturellement et inscrite dans toutes les politiques ainsi que dans toutes les activités et la production du secteur informatique. » La session de dialogue est également parvenue à faire le lien avec plusieurs ODD, comme l’objectif 10.2 centré sur l’inclusion sociale et l’autonomisation pour tous, sans considération de l’âge, du sexe, du handicap, de la race, de l’ethnicité, du statut religieux, économique ou autre.

En tant que facilitatrice d’un tiers des grandes orientations du SMSI, l’UNESCO a également organisé cinq réunions sur les orientations qui ont traité d’une large gamme de sujets en rapport avec les TIC et les ODD : La liberté, l’indépendance, le pluralisme des médias et l’agenda pour le développement post-2015 ; la culture et les TIC comme moteur du développement durable ; les dimensions éthiques de la société de l’information et du développement durable ; l’accès à l’information pour atteindre les objectifs de développement durable ; les compétences des enseignants en TIC pour promouvoir les sociétés du savoir inclusives

Plus d'informations sur le Forum:

Director-General urges an investigation into the killing of Brazilian journalist Djalma Santos da Conceição

News - Wed, 03/06/2015 - 16:49

“I condemn the killing of Djalma Santos da Conceição,” the Director-General said. “I am deeply concerned about violent crimes against media workers. The perpetrators of these crimes must be brought to trial both for the sake of justice and to protect press freedom and citizens’ right to be kept informed. Violence and fear must not be allowed to muzzle the free press that people everywhere need.”

Santos da Conceição, 53, presented a daily programme, Acorda Cidade, on RCA FM, a community radio in Conceição da Feira, northwest of Salvador, the state capital of Bahia. According to media reports, he was kidnapped by armed men in the neighbouring town of Governador Mangabeiro on the evening of 22 May. Police found his dead body the next day in Timbó, a nearby rural community.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

 

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

                                              ****

Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

E-Learning open solutions for inclusive knowledge societies

News - Wed, 03/06/2015 - 15:34

The discussions concentrated on how Open Solutions – that is software, content and knowledge resources available on an open license such as Creative Commons – can contribute to achieving the Post-2015 Development Goals.

The last few years have seen growth in a number ICT enabled people organizations. There has been increasing use of big data, mobile subscriptions, cloud computing. The evolution of the industry is rapid. UNESCO is playing an increased role in knowledge societies.

The Post 2015 development agenda reinforces the need to use knowledge and technology to ensure development. For example one of the sustainable development goals recognizes the use of open educational materials in ensuring literacy including scientific literacy. Open educational materials by nature are free and legal. They include the use of multi-media applications but this depends on the parameters of the licenses. The declaration of the 2012 OER conference encourages the use of the use of OER, promotes capacity building in this area. One recommendation of the conference is that if government pays for it then access should be free.

The session started with discussion on the E-learning Action Line with two presentations, the first by Ms Zeynep Varoglu, Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO which outlined the ICT Competency Framework for Teachers project and the draft UNESCO ODL Guidelines for Persons with Disabilities using Open Solutions. The ICT CFT Harnessing OER project works with Ministries of Education by supporting the contextualization of the ICT CFT to meet national teacher training and then developing OER-training materials to support this contextualization. The draft UNESCO Guidelines on Open and Distance Learning for Persons with Disabilities using Open Solutions outlines Open Solutions for supporting inclusive access to ODL.

Mr Peter Wallet of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Montreal (UIS) continued with a brief presentation on the work of UIS in revising UNESCO’s ICT in Education Indicators. In this presentation, Mr Wallet underscored "Data on infrastructure is easier to collect e.g. broadband and pc purchases. Much more data is being demanded on and used. There is a need for agreed definition of variables such as OER".

Mr Youssef Filali-Meknassi, Science Sector of UNESCO, based at UNESCO Windhoek (Namibia) followed with a presentation on the Hydro Open Source Platform for water management (HOPE Platform). The Hope initiative was developed out of the ICT for Africa conference. Europe is the most active region in the policy development area, followed by Asia and Latin America. UNESCO’s role through the HOPE-Initiative, is to sensitize Member States/Institutions (Universities, Colleges, Water Departments), People (Water professionals, Students, etc.) to develop and use Free and/or Open-Source Software in the effective management of water resources in their respective countries.

The ensuing discussions echoed the important role of Open solutions for providing sustainable solutions in the fast paced technology enriched escience and elearning environment and in ensuring that users are actors in the knowledge creation.

The E-learning debates contributed to discussions on the Sustainable Development Goals C4 ‘Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’. 

The E-science debates contribute to the following SDGs :

  • SDG 6: Ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all ;
  • SDG 13: Taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • SDG 15: Protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

More information on the Forum:

WSIS Forum 2015 linked ICTs and SDGs

News - Tue, 02/06/2015 - 15:37

At the opening of WSIS Forum 2015 on Tuesday 26 May, UNESCO’s Deputy Director-General, Mr Getachew Engida emphasized that the transition to new SDGs requires moving beyond ICT pilot projects, and scaling up ICT integration throughout all relevant activities. In addition, Mr Engida highlighted the importance of multistakeholder cooperation and collective action, underlining the central role of United Nations Group on the Information Society (UNGIS) in the WSIS review process and beyond. Mr Engida also represented UNESCO as one of the co-chairs of the high-level meeting of UNGIS that also took place on Tuesday morning.

On Wednesday UNESCO organized a high level dialogue on the topic “Making Empowerment a Reality – Accessibility for All”. The dialogue session was chaired by Mr Indrajit Banerjee, Director, Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO. Mr Banerjee emphasized that for UNESCO it is of vital importance that all persons can participate as creative and productive members of their communities. This in turn requires paying particular attention to the needs of persons with disabilities. One of the main conclusions reached during the session was that “Accessibility should not be asked for but provided naturally and embedded in all policies and IT industries works and productions.” The dialogue session also succeeded in making linkages with several SDGs, such as Goal 10.2 which focuses on the social inclusion and empowerment of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.

As a facilitator of a third of all WSIS Action Lines, UNESCO also organized five more Action Line meetings that covered a broad variety of topics related to ICTs and SDGs: Free, independent and pluralistic media and the Post-2015 development agenda; Culture and ICTs as drivers of sustainable development; Ethical dimensions of the information society and sustainable development; Access to information to achieve Sustainable Development Goals; and Teacher ICT competencies to support inclusive Knowledge Societies.

More information on the Forum:

Le Directeur général adjoint de l’UNESCO s’adresse au Forum 2015 du SMSI

Actualités - Tue, 02/06/2015 - 13:12

M. Engida a souligné l'importance d'une consultation et d'une action collectives pour la mise en œuvre et l'examen des résultats du SMSI au moment où l’examen du SMSI+10 entre dans sa phase finale, en amont de la réunion de haut niveau de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies en décembre 2015.

« Innover ensemble, c'est l'idée centrale de notre conception d'une société du savoir inclusive, dans laquelle chaque femme et chaque homme a la capacité et l'opportunité non pas seulement d'acquérir des bribes de données et d'informations, mais de les transformer en savoir et en compréhension, » a déclaré M. Engida dans le discours d'ouverture de l'UNESCO au Forum. Il a souligné l'importance du savoir, clé d'un développement humain durable, ainsi que de la diversité culturelle, de la tolérance et de la paix. Citant un vieux proverbe africain, le Directeur adjoint de l'UNESCO, M. Getachew Engida a affirmé : « Si tu veux aller vite, marche seul. Si tu veux aller loin, marchez ensemble. » L'UNESCO a également souligné l'importance d'une avancée commune à l'UNGIS, où les participants de haut niveau ont effectué un pas important en s’accordant pour « réaffirmer l'engagement de l'UNGIS et de ses membres pour une promotion active de l'apport du système de l'ONU au sein du processus qui doit se conclure en décembre à l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU. » L’UNESCO organisera six sessions du Forum 2015 du SMSI. Mercredi matin, l’UNESCO réunira des experts de haut niveau afin de discuter de la question suivante : « Faire de l’autonomisation une réalité – Accessibilité pour tous. »

En outre, l’UNESCO va organiser encore cinq réunions sur les orientations, qui seront centrées sur la liberté, l’indépendance et la pluralité des médias et l’agenda pour le développement de l’après 2015 ; la culture et les TIC comme moteur du développement durable ; les dimensions éthiques de la société de l’information et du développement durable ; l’accès à l’information pour atteindre les objectifs de développement durable ; les compétences des enseignants en TIC pour promouvoir les sociétés du savoir inclusives. Toutes les sessions s’efforceront d’encourager la sensibilisation et de trouver des solutions aux défis qui s’annoncent comme à ceux qui se manifestent aujourd’hui dans les sociétés de l’information.

Participation en ligne :

Pour ceux qui se trouvent dans l’impossibilité de participer en personne au Forum du SMSI cette année, l’événement est facilement accessible à distance : choisissez la session souhaitée sur la page web de l’agenda du Forum SMSI et sélectionnez le type de participation en ligne que vous préférez (Webcast ou Adobe connect). Afin d’accéder à la session, les participants à distance devront remplir un formulaire d’inscription. À chaque session, dix à quinze minutes seront consacrées aux questions des participants à distance. L'inscription ainsi que de plus amples informations sur la participation à distance sont disponibles sur le site internet de l'UIT sur le Forum 2015 du SMSI.

UNESCO meeting analyses state of journalists’ safety and issue of impunity in Kenya

News - Mon, 01/06/2015 - 16:24

The meeting gathered 25 participants from Kenyan media associations, the Ministry of Information and Communications, Ford Foundation, and Kenyan National Commission for UNESCO.

Participants discussed national state of journalists’ safety in Kenya and deliberated on the issue of impunity on the basis of the UNESCO Journalists’ Safety Indicators as endorsed by the UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. They also reflected on modalities for the implementation of UNESCO’s ongoing study conducted by the African Media Initiative to analyse the national state of journalists’ safety and issue of impunity in Kenya.  

During the meeting Ms Reeta Pöyhtäri, UNESCO’s Expert for Journalists’ Safety Indicators, gave a presentation on the UN Plan of Action and reiterated the specific objectives to be achieved during the aforementioned study in Kenya, which is expected to assess the safety and protection of journalists, to create awareness about these issues, and to provide a knowledge-based platform for future initiatives to address the threats to the media industry in Kenya.

Ms Pöyhtäri further reminded that freedom of expression is a fundamental element of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and therefore it underpins other democratic freedoms such as the right to form political parties, the right to share political ideas, the right to scrutinise the actions of public officials.

Dr George Nyabuga, the lead researcher, briefed participants on the study’s proposed methodology based on UNESCOs Journalists’ Safety Indicators and also presented a framework that will be used to identify the context of safety and the responsibility of diverse actors in Kenya. The framework comprises a working tool that will focus explicitly on journalists’ safety. This tool will allow for assessment of the problem, of the systems in place and the actions of various actors and institutions concerned in addressing the issue of journalists’ safety in the country.

According to Mr Wangethi Mwangi, Senior Advisor, African Media Initiative, “the meeting provided a better understanding of UNESCO's Journalists’ Safety Indicators, and helped clarify the scope of the proposed research, its limitations and, also, opportunities for in depth investigations in some areas”.

 “This was an extremely important exercise considering the deteriorating situation of journalists’ safety in Kenya. The data and information that will be collected during the period of this research will help create sound interventions,” said Patrick Mutahi, Senior Programme Officer, Article 19 - Eastern Africa.

Ms Hellen Mudora Obanda, Executive Director, Association of Media Women in Kenya (AMWIK), reiterated that “while assessing journalists’ safety in Kenya, the gender dimensions of intimidations, threats and violence against women journalists must be addressed in this research. The security of women journalists remains paramount.”

This activity falls within the efforts of UNESCO to “promote an enabling environment for freedom of expression, press freedom and journalistic safety in Kenya”. The study is funded by UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Programme on Development of Communication (IPDC), which is a multilateral forum in the UN system that not only provides support for media projects but also seeks an accord to secure a healthy environment for the growth of free and pluralistic media in developing countries.

WSIS Forum 2015: Ethical dimensions of the information society linked to sustainable development

News - Mon, 01/06/2015 - 10:37

The positive contribution of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to the attainment of the SDGs and the realization of human rights worldwide will depend on the creation of enabling environments for the meaningful participation and full representation of all persons in the information society. In this regard specific attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, women and girls and persons with disabilities are needed. Diversity of content, informed, capable ICT users and creators are a prerequisite for the shift to truly participative governance and decision-making processes. According to Dr. Leyla Bartet, Chair of the Working Group on Information Ethics of UNESCO’s intergovernmental Information for All Programme (IFAP) Bureau, “Addressing the hard and soft dimensions related to the challenge of equitable access to information through ICTs can serve to unlock their potential as vehicles for positive social transformation”.

Yesterday’s meeting focused on the diverse challenges related to this topic and on recommendations for the way forward. It brought together actors from a wide range of relevant sectors, namely educators, policy-makers and representatives from academia, civil society and the private sector from around the world.

In his opening statement, Mr Paul Hector, Programme Specialist for UNESCO, with responsibility for managing the day to day operations of IFAP underlined the importance of “raising awareness amongst policy-makers to appreciate the ethical content as well as the impacts both intended and unintended of policy choices. By making greater use of multi-stakeholder approaches could enhance positive outcomes and create an enabling environment for better managing potential risks”. He further emphasized the role of education, in developing skills for self-expression, critical analysis and content use and production, as well as contributing to more harmonious interactions.

Mr Amouzou Bedi, CEO of the NGO Knowledge for Development without Borders (KfDWB) demonstrated how “by pairing global ICT networks with low-tech devices like pen and paper, we can overcome last-mile challenges and barriers. We are of course seeking to create enabling conditions for the use of ICT, but by working closely with civil society and local communities we are able through these hybrid networks to meet urgent local needs”.

Professor Roni Aviram of the Ben Gurion University in Israel presented the outcomes of the international conference organized under the patronage of UNESCO and IFAP on “Well-being in Digital Media”, the full conference report will shortly be published. Professor Aviram underlined the need to consider the concept of well-being, as, “in the context of new media this contributed to expanding the horizons of ethical discussions and supplying them with an integrative framework that could support analysis and policy action”.

Finally, the growing challenge of ethical behavior by ICT users and also, increasingly, by the providers of technical devices was addressed by the Mr. Pavan Duggal, an international cyber-law specialist. While pointing to the challenges that existing regulatory and legal systems faced in addressing ethical issues he nevertheless pointed out that: “Failing to address the ethical issues of the information society will potentially expose societies to risks and losses that will delay attainment of the sustainable development goals”.

The panel was composed of:

  • Professor Roni Aviram, Ben Gurion University of the Nagev
  • Ms Leyla Bartet, Permanent Delegation of Peru to UNESCO
  • Mr Amouzou Bedi, Knowledge for Development without Borders
  • Mr Pavan Dugall, Pavan Duggal Associates
  • Mr Rachid Jankari, Jankari Consulting

The session was moderated by Paul Hector, UNESCO Programme Specialist.

More information on UNESCO organized sessions:

More information on the Forum:

Culture and ICT as drivers of sustainable development

News - Fri, 29/05/2015 - 17:05

In this context, ICT, insofar as they have a direct impact on the way cultural expressions are created, produced, disseminated and accessed and play an increasingly pertinent role in the safeguarding and transmission of cultural heritage, can respond to major global challenges through the exercise of freedom of expression and the promotion cultural diversity.

In the framework of the 2015 WSIS Forum a discussion panel on Action Line 8 “Cultural diversity and identity, linguistic diversity and local content” debated questions on how are ICTs fostering cultural entrepreneurship in the cultural and creative industries, notably in developing countries and at the local level, how are new forms of media and technologies strengthening platforms for dialogue, exchange and building capacities of local populations to overcome the challenges faced by communities worldwide.

“In Africa ICTs allow a greater access to cultural goods and services but beyond access and distribution, they allow creators to engage with the audience, to co-create, and to connect with the diaspora” said Silja Fischer, Secretary General of International Music Council.

The session explored possible measures that should be taken to strengthen policies and strategies to promote the diversity of cultural expressions, cultural and creative industries, and to  safeguard cultural heritage via ICTs, including for more efficient documentation, protection, transmission, and accessibility, and discussed policies and strategies that should be put in place to generate social and economic development in view of the new modes of creation, production, dissemination and consumption of cultural goods and services by and for youth in the digital age.

Main outcomes of the session stressed that:

  • ICTs are progressively more incorporated into the cultural and creative sectors. Even though accessibility by all remains an important challenge, developing countries are using ICTs for cultural content, creation, access, and distribution, and there are positive innovative models that are context specific.
  • People are what is driving development models, creativity and innovation, but governments must put in place national policies and infrastructure that will foster the diversity of cultural expressions and close the digital divide and keep up with new advancements.
  • There are increasing initiatives in digitization of cultural content and heritage which help preserve this content for future generations (eg. digital libraries and museums) and which also allow marginalized groups to be engaged, share knowledge (also traditional knowledge) and foster social cohesion.

More information on the Forum:

La Déclaration de Qingdao promeut l’utilisation des TIC pour atteindre les cibles éducatives des nouveaux objectifs de développement durable

Actualités - Fri, 29/05/2015 - 16:34

La Déclaration souligne les avantages de la technologie pour atteindre les cibles éducatives en matière d’équité, d’accès, de qualité et d’apprentissage tout au long de la vie des Objectifs de développement durable (ODD). Ces derniers seront utilisés pour coordonner le développement international au cours des 15 prochaines années.

La conférence a été organisée conjointement par l’UNESCO, le Ministère de l’éducation de la République populaire de Chine et la Commission nationale chinoise pour l'UNESCO, avec le soutien du Gouvernement municipal de Qingdao et du Gouvernement provincial de Shandong, ainsi que le parrainage du groupe Weidong. Le Commonwealth for Learning, l’OCDE et ONU-Femmes faisaient partie des partenaires majeurs. La conférence a réuni des participants de plus 90 pays, dont des ministres et vice-ministres de l’éducation.

La Déclaration de Qingdao est la première déclaration mondiale sur les TIC dans l’éducation. Le texte, approuvé de façon unanime par les participants, souligne les diverses façons dont la technologie peut appuyer le programme mondial de l’éducation des 15 prochaines années qui a été proposé au Forum mondial sur l’éducation. Elle stipule que « les avancées remarquables en technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) et l’expansion rapide de l’accès à Internet ont fait du monde d’aujourd’hui un monde de plus en plus interconnecté, et ont permis un meilleur accès aux connaissances pour toutes les filles et tous les garçons, toutes les femmes et tous les hommes. Pour atteindre l’objectif d’une éducation équitable et inclusive de qualité ainsi qu’un apprentissage tout au long de la vie pour tous d’ici 2030, les TIC doivent être mobilisées pour renforcer les systèmes éducatifs, la diffusion des connaissances, l’accès à l’information, de même qu’un apprentissage de qualité et une prestation de services plus efficaces. »

La Déclaration se présente en faveur de l’utilisation des TIC pour encourager l’accès et l’équité dans l’éducation, mais aussi pour promouvoir l’utilisation pédagogique efficace des TIC. Elle souligne en particulier le rôle essentiel que les programmes de développement et de soutien aux enseignants vont devoir jouer. Les efforts fournis pour la promotion des ressources éducatives libres devront être intensifiés, ainsi que la nécessité de garantir l’assurance qualité et la reconnaissance de l’apprentissage en ligne. Enfin, le document invite les gouvernements, les partenaires du secteur et tous les acteurs de l’éducation à unir leurs forces et à partager leurs ressources pour créer des écosystèmes d’apprentissage numérique qui soient justes, dynamiques, responsables, durables et axés sur les apprenants.

La Déclaration recommande également que l’UNESCO apporte son soutien à la coopération internationale dans ce domaine en mettant en place un centre d’échange d’informations sur les bonnes pratiques et les leçons tirées en matière d’innovations éducatives portées par la technologie. La création d’un réseau mondial d’expertise et de partage des connaissances sur les TIC dans l’éducation répondrait également aux besoins de trois différentes communautés d’utilisateurs : les décideurs politiques, les chercheurs, et les enseignants. Cela stimulerait des consultations et un dialogue ultérieurs entre les gouvernements et le secteur privé pour mettre au point des mécanismes de financement innovants et évolutifs. Ceux-ci permettraient de garantir les ressources financières nécessaires pour libérer le plein potentiel des TIC dans l’apprentissage, en accord avec le programme de l’éducation 2030.

UNESCO convened 10th facilitation meeting of Action Line C9 at WSIS Forum 2015

News - Fri, 29/05/2015 - 11:51

It is the 10th year that UNESCO organized the facilitation meeting of WSIS Action Line C9 Media. The meeting was well attended by 65 participants, with a multi-stakeholder panel of 7 speakers of gender and geographical balance.  The major discussion focused on the emerging trends related to media activities and how the Action Line C9 Media contributes to the Post-2015 Development agenda. 

UNESCO took the occasion to present its Comprehensive Internet Study Keystones to foster inclusive Knowledge Societies by Professor William Dutton. The Study was well received by the participants and UNESCO Internet Universality principles (R.O.A.M) was considered as a comprehensive framework to envision the converged media and Internet landscape of post-2015 in promoting a Human Rights-based (including freedom of expression, privacy, etc.) and Open Internet which is Accessible to all and characterized by Multi-stakeholder participation.

Participants observed numerous challenges and threats on media freedom online and offline such as safety of journalists and bloggers, poor implementation of freedom of information laws, increasing criminalization laws of free speech, concentrated media ownerships by private sectors, editorial controlled by the states, laid-off of journalists, Internet blocking and filtering, etc.  

Participants agreed that free flow of information and freed media online and offline are premises to democratic governance, peace and stability in terms of bringing inclusive civil voices and participation. Without media and Internet, no other SDGs such as eradication of poverty and equality in education can be achieved. Internet particularly contributes to bringing minority groups to get known and fosters gender equality.

Mr Frank La Rue, the former UN Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression highlighted that there is a lack of good regulatory model of media and it should be prioritized in the Post-2015 to base all media regulatory frameworks on solid human rights standards including freedom of expression and privacy.

Ms Aida Mahmutovic from Association of Progressive Communication stressed that gender equality needs to be preserved online, given numerous gender-based stereotypes and discriminations online, digital threats and violence against women and girls and unbalanced use of and access to Internet of women and girls in developing countries.

Qingdao Declaration promotes use of ICT to achieve education targets in new sustainable development goals

News - Fri, 29/05/2015 - 10:54

The Declaration outlines how technology can be used to achieve educational targets for equity, access, quality and lifelong learning in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that will be used to coordinate international development for the next 15 years.

The conference was  jointly organized by UNESCO, the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese National Commission for UNESCO, with the support of the Qingdao Municipal Government and the Shangdong Provincial Government, and the sponsorship of the Weidong Group. Key partners included the Commonwealth for Learning, the OECD and UNWomen.  The conference gathered participants from more than 90 countries, including ministers and vice-ministers of education.  
   
The Qingdao Declaration is the first global declaration on ICT in education. The text, approved unanimously by participants, highlights the different ways in which technology can support the global agenda for education which was suggested at the World Education Forum for the next 15 years.

It states that “the remarkable advances in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and the rapid expansion of internet connectivity have made today’s world increasingly interconnected and made the knowledge more accessible for every girl and boy, woman and man. To achieve the goal of Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education and Lifelong Learning by 2030, ICT must be harnessed to strengthen education systems, knowledge dissemination, information access, quality and effective learning, and more efficient service provision”.

The Declaration is a clear statement in favour of the use of ICT to foster access and equity in education as well as to promote the effective pedagogical use of ICT. It highlights in particular the paramount role that teacher development and support will have to play. It stresses that increasing efforts have to be made to promote the culture of open educational resources and the need to ensure quality assurance and recognition of online learning. Finally, it encourages governments, industry partners and all other education stakeholders to join forces and share resources to create equitable, dynamic, accountable, and sustainable learner-centered digital learning ecosystems.  
   
The Declaration also recommends that UNESCO support international cooperation in this field by establishing a clearing house on good practices and lessons learned concerning technology-supported innovations in education. The creation of a global network of expertise and knowledge-sharing on ICT in education which would serve the needs of three different user communities, namely policy-makers, researchers, and teachers. It would support further consultation and dialogue between governments and the private sector to design scalable innovative funding mechanisms to secure the financial resources needed to unleash the full potential of ICT for learning in line with the 2030 education agenda.  

UNESCO journalists’ safety activities in Palestine showcased at UN Seminar on Peace in the Middle East

News - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 15:56

Some 300 participants registered to the event, which was opened by the UN Under-Secretary General for Communications and Public Information. Ms Christina Gallach, the Vice-Speaker of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Kazakhstan, Ms Dariga Nazarbayeva, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Mr Erlan Idrissov.

Ms Gallach delivered a message on behalf of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in which he declared that “the UN would spare no effort in supporting the quest for peace in the Middle East”. He stressed that a free, pluralistic media [was] essential in covering both the Israeli-Palestinian story and broader regional dynamics in a fast-paced digital world”.

Discussions focused on ongoing and emerging challenges of peace-making in the Middle East. Among the topics debated were the challenges facing the media in covering the Israeli-Palestinian story, the protection of media workers, the role of social media in reporting news, the role of media discourse in the midst of conflict, and the use of innovative media forms to achieve impact.

Representing UNESCO, Ms Saorla McCabe, from the Division for Freedom of Expression and Media Development, presented the activities being carried out by the UNESCO Ramallah Office in support of journalists’ safety, which fit into the UN’s global approach to tackling this issue, as outlined in the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. UNESCO’s activities in Palestine are centred on capacity building, supporting free legal advice for journalists and promoting the inclusion of a module on safety within the curricula of universities providing journalism education. Future plans include launching an open dialogue between Palestinian security forces and journalists.

“Beyond the obvious implications that attacks and threats of violence against journalists have on the journalists concerned, their families and their colleagues, the safety of journalists is also a wider human rights issue.”, said Ms McCabe. “It is linked to the right of every individual to seek, receive and impart information, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights”.

Other panellists at the Seminar included an award-winning Palestinian photographer, a prominent Israeli TV reporter covering conflict zones, the Permanent Delegate of Palestine to the United Nations, a former Deputy Foreign Minister of Israel, a senior editor from the WAFA news agency, a well-known columnist from the newspaper Haaretz, and Palestinian and Israeli bloggers.

For nearly 15 years, this annual Seminar has served as an important opportunity to enhance dialogue and understanding between Israelis and Palestinians. In parallel, it has provided an opportunity to review and examine key media dynamics as they relate to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the wider, ever-evolving situation in the Middle East.

UNESCO promotes freedom of expression indicators in the Sustainable Development Goals

News - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 11:17

The Declaration affirmed that “The safety of journalists and the issue of impunity are directly relevant to implementing the proposed Sustainable Development Goal 16, particularly the targets on fundamental freedoms, access to information and the rule of law.”

Berger spelled out how progress on achieving the draft SDG 16.10 could be tracked over the next 15 years.

The target of 16.10 is to ‘ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements’. 

These two interdependent aspects relate closely to the freedom to seek and receive, as well as impart, information, which overall constitutes the right to freedom of expression.

The UN Statistical Commission is currently consulting further on draft indicators for the SDG targets. In response, UNESCO, working with UNESCO Institute for Statistics, is proposing wording that could produce feasible, suitable and relevant.

The proposed indicators are:

1)     Number of countries that have adopted and implemented constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information  

Berger pointed out that UNESCO was already monitoring progress in this area, and it made sense now to contextualize the relevance of the data in regard to public access to information.

2)     Number of countries promoting fundamental freedoms through ensuring the protection of journalists and combatting impunity for attacks on them  

This proposed indicator could rely on the existing regular reports by UNESCO on the implementation of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, formally incorporating this information into the SDGs monitoring framework,

Berger said: “There is a natural synergy between data already being collected by the Organization and the targets within Goal 16. It would be a missed opportunity to not formally connect the two.”

While the proposed indicators did not measure every possible aspect of the Target 16.10, they did focus attention on core components and in a mandated and do-able manner, he added.

“We believe this could be a significant step towards mainstreaming safety of journalists, and in contributing to the achievement of sustainable development.

“In this way, public awareness will be raised; coalitions will be strengthened and widened; resources will be mobilized, and the other SDG targets will be supported.”

Security Council focuses on safety of journalists

News - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 09:12

Besides remarks by the 15 Member States of the Council, almost 50 other UN Member States indicated their interest in speaking on the subject matter – with many mentioning the importance of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.

The new Security Council resolution bears in mind that impunity for crimes committed against journalists, media professionals and associated personnel in armed conflict still remains a significant challenge.

It further recognizes that “journalists, media workers and associated personnel can play an important role in protection of civilians and conflict prevention by acting as an early warning mechanism”.

Looking ahead, the Resolution stresses that peacekeeping operations and special political missions could include, where appropriate, information in their reporting about specific acts of violence against journalists, media professionals and associated personnel in armed conflicts.

The Secretary General could also play a valuable role in providing information on the subject, by including the issue consistently as a sub-item in his reports on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, including measures to protect journalists and prevent incidents.

The Council session was addressed by UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson, Christophe Deloire, head of Reporters without Borders, and journalist Marianne Pearl.

At the side-event, remarks were made by the foreign ministers of Latvia and Lithuania, as well OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, Dunja Mijatovic; Quinn McKew of Article 19; and journalist Milka Tadic Mijovic. UNESCO Director of Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Guy Berger, also participated in the panel.

WSIS Forum 2015: Making Empowerment a Reality - Accessibility for All

News - Wed, 27/05/2015 - 16:39

Today, over 1 billion people are living with some form of disabilities and often suffer from social and economic exclusion, discrimination, less educational and career opportunities. ICTs have a huge potential to help them to overcome these obstacles, to enable them to live their lives with dignity and participate fully in all spheres of social and economic activity.

In his opening remarks, Mr. Banerjee, Director of the Knowledge Societies Division in UNESCO, stressed that in building inclusive knowledge societies, access to knowledge and information is of vital importance to ensure that ALL persons are able to participate as creative and productive members of their communities, including and paying particular attention to the needs of persons with disabilities.

Today’s High Level Dialogue session brought together high level panelists, who contributed to the preparation of the New Delhi Declaration, the Outcome Document of the International Conference entitled “From Exclusion to Empowerment: Role of ICTs for Persons with Disabilities” held in New Delhi in November 2014. They are actively engaged in the international cooperation, policy making, civil society and human rights activities, and industrial development.

The discussion provided the opportunity for the panelists to share their views and experiences in the area of digital inclusion, to build on the outcomes of the recently held consultations (New Delhi Declaration), and research findings, to explore ways on how concrete recommendations could be incorporated within the WSIS’s framework on the usage of inclusive and accessible ICTs by persons with disabilities to access information and knowledge and to draw attention to an urgent need of mainstreaming accessibility of ICTs for persons with disabilities in the post-2015 development agenda.

High Level Panel’s composition:

Chair: Dr Indrajit Banerjee, Director, Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO

High level panelists:

  • Mr Lenin Moreno, Special Envoy of the United Nations for Disability and Accessibility Issues and former Vice President of Ecuador
  • Dr Stuti Kacker, Former Secretary of the Department of Disability Affairs,
    Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, The Government of India, India
  • Mr John E. Davies, Vice-President, Intel Corporation
  • Ms Daniela Rubio, Director, Macneticos and Independent Consultant on Digital Accessibility, Spain
  • Ms Michele J. Woods, Director, Copyright Law Division, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • Mr Aniyamuzaala James Rwampigi, Member and Chairperson, National Council for Persons with disabilities of Uganda;  President, African Youth with Disabilities Network; and Representative of African Disability Forum
  • Dr Andrew Taussig, Former Trustee, The International Institute of Communications and Voice of the Listener and Viewer, United Kingdom

More information on the Forum:

La Directrice générale dénonce le meurtre du journaliste d’investigation Evany José Metzker au Brésil

Actualités - Wed, 27/05/2015 - 16:13

« Je condamne le meurtre d’Evany José Metzker, » a déclaré la Directrice générale. « J’appelle les autorités à mener une enquête approfondie sur ce crime et à traduire les responsables en justice. Il est important pour la société dans son ensemble que les responsables d’actes violents perpétrés dans le but de museler la liberté de la presse soient punis pour leurs crimes. »

M. Metzker, 67 ans, était un journaliste d’investigation avec son propre blog, Coruja do Vale.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

La Directora General condena el asesinato del periodista de investigación brasileño Evany José Metzker

Noticias - Wed, 27/05/2015 - 12:39

“Condeno el asesinato de Evany José Metzker”, dijo la Directora General. “Pido a las autoridades que lleven a cabo una investigación minuciosa sobre ese crimen y lleven a sus culpables ante la justicia. Es importante para la sociedad en su conjunto evitar que permanezcan impunes los responsables de ataques violentos destinados a amordazar la libertad de prensa”.

Evany José Metzker, de 67 años, era periodista de investigación y tenía su propio blog, llamado Coruja do Vale.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.                                                                           

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Contacto: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

 

 

 

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