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Director-General urges respect for press freedom in Libya

News - Fri, 19/06/2015 - 10:32

“I condemn the killing of journalists Muftah al-Qatrani, Khaled Al Sobhi, Younes Al Mabruk Al Nawfali, Abdallah Al Karkaai, Yousef Kader Boh and Mohamed Jalal,” the Director-General said. Press freedom and freedom of expression must be protected, especially in times of insecurity and unrest when the public’s need for information becomes absolutely crucial. The safety of civilians, including journalists, must be treated as a priority in all efforts to restore stability and the rule of law to Libya.”

The dead body of Libya Al-Wataniya TV’s correspondent in Benghazi Muftah al-Qatrani was found in the office of the production company he managed in the city on 22 April.

A few days later, the bodies of four Libyan and one Egyptian journalists working for Barqa TV were found by Libyan military in a forested area in the east of Benghazi. Their identity was established as: Khaled Al Sobhi (aka Khalid Alhmil), Younes Al Mabruk Al Nawfali (aka Younes Alsul), Abdallah Al Karkaai (aka Abdelsalam Al Kahla), Yousef Kader Boh (aka Yousef Al Gamoudi) and Egyptian photographer Mohamed Jalal. The five journalists had been missing since August.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

L’UNESCO soutient l’Alliance mondiale genre et médias au 29e Conseil des droits de l’homme

Actualités - Thu, 18/06/2015 - 15:29

La session parallèle se déroulera le 17 juin 2015. Elle est intitulée « GAMAG Europe – Issue and Challenges » (GAMAG Europe - enjeux et défis). Elle mettra en place une branche sous-régionale de GAMAG qui fera le lien entre les initiatives dans la région.

Cette table ronde suit la réunion GAMAG qui s’est tenue lors de la cinquante-neuvième  session de la Commission sur le statut des femmes, afin de promouvoir l’importance du genre et des médias pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durables.

Elle fait également suite à la création de la branche GAMAG Amérique latine et Caraïbes lors du « Forum international : Genre, médias, TIC et journalisme, 20  ans après le Programme d’action de Pékin », accueilli par le Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en sciences et lettres de l’Université nationale autonome de Mexico (UNAM) les 27 et 28 mai 2015.

La réunion de ces initiatives est stimulante et attire l’attention des gouvernements et de la communauté qui se consacre au développement sur les défis et les opportunités concernant le genre et les médias. Les actions se poursuivront tout au long de l’année 2015 et culmineront avec la première Réunion internationale conjointe des gouvernements, des organisations de développement et du secteur privé sur le genre, les médias et les TIC, et avec la première Assemblée générale de la GAMAG. Visitez notre site Internet pour de plus amples informations sur ces initiatives.

L’Alliance globale est issue du Forum mondial genre et médias 2013 qui s’est tenu en Thaïlande du 2 au 4 décembre sous l’égide de l’UNESCO , en collaboration avec ONU femmes, la Commission nationale du royaume de Thaïlande pour l’UNESCO, l’Organisation islamique pour l’éducation, les sciences et la culture et d’autres grands partenaires, et qui a porté sur l'égalité entre les sexes et l'autonomisation des femmes dans et par les médias.

GAMAG est un réseau mondial de 600 groupes de médias et de la société civile. Le Comité directeur international (CDI) de la GAMAG reflète les diversités régionales, linguistiques et générationnelles, et réunit des représentants des secteurs concernés les plus importants, comme des professionnels des médias et leurs syndicats, des représentants des médias, des gouvernements, des organisations de la société civile, des organismes de recherche, des agences internationales et des représentants de la jeunesse.

L’UNESCO donne un nouvel élan à l’éducation aux médias et à l’information dans les pays arabes

Actualités - Thu, 18/06/2015 - 15:27

Environ 140 participants originaires de 14 pays arabes de la région (Algérie, Bahreïn, Égypte, Jordanie, Koweït, Liban, Libye, Maroc, Oman, Palestine, Soudan, Tunisie, Yémen, EAU) ont pris part à ce Forum régional, ainsi que sept experts MIL venus de l’extérieur de la région (Brésil, Canada, France, Mexique, Nigéria, Espagne). Parmi les participants, on comptait des responsables politiques, des experts en curriculum, des éducateurs, et des experts en médias et en information.

Le Forum s’est centré sur plusieurs questions essentielles, parmi lesquelles  l’articulation de partenariats concrets visant à donner une impulsion à l’éducation aux médias et à l’information (MIL) et à leur impact dans les pays arabes, permettant ainsi à la communauté MIL de s'exprimer d'une seule voix sur certains sujets cruciaux, en particuliers ceux qui sont liés aux politiques; et le renforcement de la stratégie pour une MIL par la mise en place d’une plate-forme commune MIL liée aux réseaux et associations des pays arabes. Le Forum a appelé de ses vœux une plus grande sensibilisation à la MIL, à des échanges d’expériences et à une possible intégration de la MIL dans les programmes pédagogiques des pays arabes.

La branche arabe de l’Alliance mondiale des partenaires de l’éducation aux médias et à l’information (GAPMIL) a été créée à l'occasion du Forum. Un plan d'action détaillé pour la branche arabe du GAPMIL a été finalisé par les membres du comité venus de 14 pays.

Ms Zainab Wakeel, Secrétaire générale adjointe représentant le professeur El Sayed Abdel-Khalek, ministre de l’enseignement supérieur égyptien, le Dr Haifa Abu Ghazaleh, secrétaire général adjoint de la Ligue arabe, le Dr Farouk Ismaïl, président de l'Université canadienne Ahram, ont souligné l’importance de l’éducation aux médias dans les pays arabes dans le contexte politique et social actuel. Ils ont aussi mis l’accent sur la nécessité de commencer cette éducation à un stade précoce de la vie des élèves, que ce soit dans les écoles ou ailleurs.

En décembre 2014, le Bureau de l’UNESCO au Caire a présenté un kit d’éducation aux médias et à l’information qui peut faire partie du matériel pédagogique utilisé dans les écoles et les universités des pays arabes. Le kit comprend des supports pédagogiques écrits et des vidéos. Il a été élaboré par des experts égyptiens et espagnols reconnus de l’Université du Caire et de l’Université autonome de Barcelone.

Un atelier de deux jours a été organisé au Caire les 2 et 3 décembre 2014 afin de présenter ce kit à tous les acteurs concernés et de le faire connaître. Vingt-cinq participants venus d’Égypte et d’autres pays arabes ont été invités à cet atelier et y ont activement pris part.

Le Forum prenait la suite de l’atelier de décembre et faisait partie d’une stratégie générale de sensibilisation à la MIL et de promotion de son adoption dans la région. Afin de renforcer l’accès à l’éducation aux médias et à l’information parmi les jeunes des pays arabes, l’UNESCO lancera une formation en ligne ouverte à tous, en arabe, sur l’éducation aux médias et à l’information (MOOC MIL).

Rendre les portails éducatifs du Rwanda accessibles aux personnes handicapées

Actualités - Wed, 17/06/2015 - 16:05

L’UNESCO a mené un audit sur l’accessibilité au web des portails éducatifs du ministère de l’Éducation, du Rwanda Education Board (Conseil de l’enseignement du Rwanda) et de la Workforce Development Agency (Agence de développement de la main-d’œuvre). Dans ce cadre, un atelier de formation de quatre jours a été organisé, centré sur les barrières à l’accessibilité les plus répandues, les principes directeurs, les bonnes pratiques, l’encodage des extraits pour une mise à jour de sites internet inaccessibles.

L’atelier a proposé une formation pratique sur l’édition inclusive et la production de contenus numériques conformes aux normes internationales et accessibles à tous, y compris aux personnes handicapées. Un participant du College of Education de Kigali a affirmé que la formation lui avait enseigné à présenter les contenus destinés aux personnes handicapées (textes, images, enregistrements sonores).

Cette formation fait partie d’une triple approche pour le développement de TIC accessibles au Rwanda. La première partie est centrée sur le cadre politique  entourant les TIC destinées aux personnes handicapées au Rwanda. Un document de politique générale visant à informer les interventions dans le domaine des TIC et de la politique éducative est en cours de rédaction. La deuxième partie concerne les capacités de développement dans le champ des technologies inclusives. Enfin, la troisième partie mettra l’accent sur le soutien à apporter à la mise en place d’un centre national de ressources en mesure de fournir des informations adaptées aux personnes handicapées, ainsi que des équipements de formation prenant pour modèle l'Inclusive Learning Lab (i2Lab, le laboratoire d’apprentissage inclusif)  de l’UNESCO. Cette approche, pilotée par l’UNESCO, a pour but la construction d’un environnement d’apprentissage varié, dynamique et inclusif pour les personnes handicapées.

 Le secteur des TIC au Rwanda a été défini comme une priorité susceptible de changer la société dans son ensemble. Les TIC peuvent contribuer à créer des emplois, et à produire des revenus, notamment pour les communautés défavorisées, en particulier parmi les femmes, les jeunes et les personnes handicapées. Mais si ces personnes défavorisées n’ont pas accès aux technologies du fait de barrières à l’accessibilité, l’impact sera limité. C’est pourquoi, l’UNESCO a pris plusieurs initiatives visant à rendre les TIC accessibles et à apporter des améliorations considérables à la vie de ces personnes en élargissant l’éventail d’activités qui leur sont accessibles. Comme l’a fait remarquer un des participants à l’atelier, jamais il n’avait pensé à la question du handicap lors de son travail quotidien, mais, désormais, il la garderait à l’esprit quand il développerait des solutions TIC.

Les actions de l’UNESCO sont menées dans le cadre du Programme phare commun avec le Rwanda sur le chômage des jeunes et des femmes, qui soutient des institutions fournissant du matériel pédagogique aux jeunes handicapés.

La liberté d’expression peut contribuer à la lutte contre la haine et l’extrémisme

Actualités - Wed, 17/06/2015 - 15:15

Albana Shala, présidente du Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication a modéré la discussion, qui s’est particulièrement penchée sur le rôle des médias.

  • Larry Kilman, de la World Association of Newspapers a décrit les bonnes pratiques adoptées par les entreprises de médias disposant de recommandations claires sur les commentaires en ligne, et les façons de modérer le contenu pour que la conversation reste courtoise.
  • Remzi, de l’Albanian Media Institute (Institut albanais des médias) a  mis en garde contre une éventuelle pratique des grands médias tentés de passer sous silence l’expression de la haine. Cela risque de repousser le discours de haine dans ces chambres de résonnance que sont les réseaux sociaux. La guerre des Balkans s’est achevée sur le terrain il y a quinze ans, mais la tension persiste sur Internet au sein de la nouvelle génération.
  • Les médias et les réseaux sociaux aident involontairement  l’État islamique à recruter, selon le journaliste irakien Dana Assad, qui a critiqué le fait que les médias ne rendent compte que d’une petite partie de la réalité.  « Les médias devraient montrer les aspects pacifiques de l’Islam, et couvrir l’histoire des victimes de l’État islamique » a-t-il affirmé.

Les réactions des États ont été analysées par Gabrielle Guillemin, de l’ONG Article 19. Elle a souligné que le blocage d’un site Internet doit rester exceptionnel, et se conformer aux règles internationales concernant la liberté d’expression. Une telle décision doit être prise par la justice plutôt que par les forces de l'ordre.

Pour Olunifesi Adekunle Suraj, de l’université d’État de Lagos, il est essentiel de promouvoir la capacité à déchiffrer les médias et l’information. Il a déclaré qu’une telle autonomisation était nécessaire puisque les mesures de protection avaient échoué.

La recherche et la clarté conceptuelle sont fondamentales, a expliqué Iginio Gagliardone, de l’université d’Oxford, également auteur principal d’une nouvelle étude de l’UNESCO publiée à l’occasion de cet événement.

Afin de contrer les discours de haine sur Internet, il faut comprendre leurs causes comme leur impact réel, a-t-il déclaré. Le contexte social est vital pour évaluer si les discours de haine en ligne entraînent un vrai danger.

Inside the News: UNESCO Bangkok launches a regional study on women journalists

News - Wed, 17/06/2015 - 12:20

The research study Inside the News: Challenges and Aspirations of Women Journalists in Asia and the Pacific, released by UNESCO’s Office in Bangkok, UN Women and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), highlights how issues of gender impact the lives and work of journalists in the region with specific case studies from Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Vanuatu.

What does a snapshot of gender in the region’s media scene look like today? What is the position of women in news production and in the management of media outlets? What are their working conditions and career development opportunities? What challenges do they face?

The study, which will be launched during a public event on 22 June at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Thailand in Bangkok, assesses the situation of women journalists in Asia and the Pacific 20 years after the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and proposes actions to foster gender equality in the media of the region.

The publication of the study and the organization of the launch event were made possible thanks to the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

Selection of key findings

  • Jobs women in the media do: Reporters (30%), Feature writers (16%), Editors (11%), Sub/Copy Editors (10%), Columnists (8%), News Anchor (8%), Producers (7%), Photographers (5%), Design/Layout (2%), Media support (2%), Camera/Sound (1%)
  • Gender pay gap in Asia-Pacific media: $US 69 (Average monthly salary $US 437 by women, $US 506 by men).
  • How can we foster gender equality in media? Women journalists say ‘Having more women in decision making roles’ (25%), ‘Affirmative employment strategies’ (20%). Male journalists say ’Having more women in the media at every level’ (28%), ‘More family friendly work conditions’ (22%).
  • Women at work in the media: 3 out of 10 news staff are women. 23% of women are middle editorial decision makers; 20% are senior editorial decision makers; 18% are media executives.
  • 18% of women journalists have experienced sexual harassment at work.
  • Do women have enough visibility in unions? 48% of the respondents say ‘No’, 23% say ‘Yes’, 25% ‘don’t know’.

Download the publication:

Countdown to Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2015

News - Wed, 17/06/2015 - 11:41

This annual event is led by UNESCO and the United Nation Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) in connection with the Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL) and the Media and Information and Intercultural Dialogue University Network (MILID University Network).  

At the conference this year, the GAPMIL International Media and Information Literacy Award will be launched. The UNESCO-initiated GAPMIL will be awarding its first International MIL Awards to Jad Melki, founder of the Media and Digital Literacy Academy of Beirut (Lebanon), and Tessa Jolls, Executive Director of the Center for Media Literacy (USA). The International MIL Award is supported by UNESCO and UNAOC.

For the fifth time, MIL Week will be uniting diverse actors committed to promoting media and information literacy as a way to foster social inclusion, intercultural and interreligious dialogue. Stakeholders, including universities, associations, practitioners, research groups, teachers as well as media, information and technology specialists from all around the world, will attend to give momentum to the dialogue at a global level.

UNESCO and partners are inviting stakeholders all over the world to organize local initiatives online or offline. A special focus could be given to youth and their role in global dialogue and peace. Please see the 10 Ways to Celebrate Global MIL Week 2015.

The main conference will be held at the Philadelphia Westin Hotel in the heart of Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love. The theme for the 2015 MIL Conference is Celebrating Connectivity across Cultures.

Through the efforts of UNESCO, UNAOC, the Nordic Information Centre for Media and Communication Research (NORDICOM), and the MILID University Network, a MILID Yearbook was published in 2013 and 2014. The 2015 MILID Yearbook will be officially released at the conference, with the title MIL for Sustainable Development Goals.

The Global MIL Week 2016 will be planned during the conference, which will be take place in Brazil. Please visit our website for updates.  

The MILID University Network is the research arm of the Global Alliance for Partnerships in MIL (GAPMIL). GAPMIL was designed to push for media and information literacy for all, to raise global awareness and to jointly develop and implement concrete MIL initiatives in line with its Framework and Plan of Action. Follow the link to read more and to join GAPMIL.

Free expression can counter hatred and extremism

News - Wed, 17/06/2015 - 10:17

Chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication, Albana Shala, moderated the discussion, which gave particular attention to the role of the media:

  • Larry Kilman of the World Association of Newspapers described good practice with media companies that have clear guidelines for online commentary, and in terms of which they moderate content to ensure a civil conversation.
  • Remzi Lani of the Albania Media Institute warned that if mainstream media practised “hate silence”, this tended to drive hate speech into “echo-chambers” in social media. Balkan wars had ended on the ground 15 years ago, but tension was continuing with a new generation on the Internet.
  • Media and social media are unwittingly helping ISIS recruitment, said Iraqi journalist Dana Asaad, who criticized the reportage of only a small part of the reality. “Media should show the peaceful sides of Islam, and cover the stories of victims of ISIS,” he said.

State responses were discussed by Gabrielle Guillemin of the NGO Article 19. She highlighted that any website blocking should be exceptional and adhere to international standards for freedom of expression. Courts rather than law enforcement bodies should make the determination.

The need for states to promote Media and Information Literacy in schools was urged by Olunifesi Adekunle Suraj of Lagos State University. He said that this form of empowerment was needed because protectionist steps were not working.

Research and conceptual clarity is critical, said Oxford University academic Iginio Gagliardone, who is also lead author of a new UNESCO study released at the event.  

In order to counter hate speech online, both the causes and the actual impact have to be understood, he said. Social context was vital to assessing whether there was really a risk of harm arising from incidents of hate speech online.

UNESCO supports Global Alliance on Media and Gender at 29th Human Rights Council

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 16:52

The parallel session will take place on 17 June 2015 and is titled "GAMAG Europe – Issues & Challenges”. It will seek to launch a powerful European Sub-Regional Chapter of GAMAG that would connect and involve initiatives in the region.

This panel discussion will be a follow up to the GAMAG meeting at the fifty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women, promoting the relevance of gender and media to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

It also follows the successful launch of the Latin American and Caribbean Chapter of GAMAG at the International Forum: Gender, Media, ICTs and Journalism, 20 years after the Beijing Platform for Action, which was hosted by the Center of Interdisciplinary Research in Sciences and Humanities, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) on 27 and 28 May 2015 in Mexico.

Together these initiatives are giving momentum and drawing the attention of governments and the development community to gender and media challenges and opportunities. Activities will continue through 2015 and will culminate with the First Joint International Meeting of Government, Development Organization and Private Sector on Gender Media and ICTs and the First GAMAG General Assembly.

The Global Alliance on Media and Gender is an outcome of the 2013 Global Forum on Media and Gender led by UNESCO in collaboration with UN Women, the Kingdom of Thailand National Commission for UNESCO, the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations and other key partners, which took place in Thailand from 2 to 4 December 2013 and addressed gender equality and women empowerment in and through media.

GAMAG is a network of 600 media organizations and civil society groups from around the world. The International Steering Committee (ISC) of GAMAG reflects regional, linguistic and generational diversity, and includes representatives of key stakeholder sectors such as media professionals and their unions, media organizations, governments, civil society organizations, research organizations, international agencies and youth representatives.

UNESCO organized training of security forces on safety of journalists in Somalia

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 16:39

The three-day training workshop organized by UNESCO, in cooperation with Relief International and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), provided an opportunity for security forces and the media to better understand their respective roles in maintaining democracy. The Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism remarked that the training took place at the right time. “We urgently need to build the confidence and the partnership working between security forces and media, as they both aim to achieve a united Somalia that is democratic, peace and stable, he said.”

Through practical examples given by an international expert, participants reviewed safety operations and procedures when dealing with the media and discussed the role of security forces to ensure that journalists have access to information. The workshop also provided an opportunity to the 15 participants, five of whom were women, to get experience in basic communication skills and to learn how to deal with the media. First Colonel Nurdin Ahmed Alin from the Somalia Police Force remarked at the end of the workshop that the training was very interesting and provided him with technical skills that he would apply and use in his daily work. “I got experience and knowledge on how police and journalists can work together,” he added.

The training was based on UNESCO’s training manual, Freedom of Expression and Public Order, which provides security forces with both theoretical and practical tools to carry out their mission of maintaining order while respecting human rights, freedom of expression and the security of journalists. The manual elaborates on international standards of freedom of expression and the conditions in which this fundamental freedom can be restricted.  It also highlights the important role of journalists in a democratic society and explains why safety of journalists has become a priority for organizations promoting freedom of expression.

The training was a direct follow-up to a two-day dialogue session on free and safe Somalia media that took place on 15 and 16 November 2014 and identified several priorities to address safety issues for journalists, such as:

  • opening lines of dialogue and engagement between media, government and key state institutions with a common strategy to deal with the media; and
  • raising awareness about the role of the media in reporting on security, terrorism and development.

The activity took place within the framework of the project, entitled “Promoting an Enabling Environment for Freedom of Expression”.  This project is supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and aims at fostering the development of free, independent and pluralistic media. It also promotes institutional capacity-building, the empowerment of women through widened access to information and the role of young people in dialogue, reconciliation and sustained peace.

UNESCO gave boost to media and information literacy in Arab States

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 16:37

About 140 participants from 14 countries of Arab region (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia, Yemen, UAE) and seven MIL experts from outside the Arab region (Brazil, Canada, France, Mexico, Nigeria, Spain) participated in this Regional Forum. Participants included policy makers, curriculum experts, educators, and media and information experts.

The Forum focused on several key issues, including: articulating concrete partnerships to drive media and information literacy (MIL) development and impact in the Arab States, enabling the MIL community in the region to speak as one voice on certain critical matters, particularly as it relates to policies; and further deepening the strategy for MIL by providing a common platform for MIL related networks and associations in the Arab States.

The Forum called for increased awareness on MIL, exchange of experiences and possible integration of MIL in educational curricula in the Arab countries.

The Arab Chapter of Global Alliance on Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy was launched at the Forum. A detailed action plan for the Arab States GAPMIL Chapter was finalized along with committee members from 14 countries.

Ms Zainab Wakeel, Assistant Secretary-General representing Prof. El Sayed Abdel-Khalek, Minister of Higher Education of Egypt, Dr Haifa Abu Ghazaleh, the Assistant Secretary-General, League of Arab States, Dr Farouk Ismail, President of Ahram Canadian University, underlined the importance of media and information literacy in the Arab States in the present social and political context. They also stressed the need for introducing literacies at an early stage of the students life in schools and other places.  

In December 2014, UNESCO’s Cairo Office produced a media and information literacy (MIL) kit to be used as part of the curriculum materials in the education system at schools and universities of the Arab countries. The kit includes learning materials/objects in terms of both text and videos. Well known experts from Egypt (Cairo University) and Spain (Autonomous University of Barcelona) produced this kit.

A two-day workshop was organized in Cairo on 2 and 3 December 2014 to introduce the kit to all concerned stakeholders and to raise awareness about it. Twenty-five participants from Egypt and other Arab countries were invited to attend this workshop and actively participated in the proceedings.

The Forum was a follow-up activity to the December workshop and part of an overall strategy to stimulate MIL awareness and take-up in the region. To enhance access to media and information literacy among youth in the Arab States, UNESCO will launch a Massively Open Online Course in Media and Information Literacy in Arabic (MIL MOOC).

Améliorer ses compétences professionnelles pour écrire en toute sécurité dans des environnements hostiles

Actualités - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 16:05

Afin de face à cette situation alarmante, le Programme international pour le développement de la communication (PIDC) de l’UNESCO a soutenu le projet « Sécurité des journalistes travaillant en environnement hostile dans le Pakistan rural », visant à former les journalistes aux questions liées à la sécurité.

Six programmes de formation étaient organisés dans trois districts du sud du Pendjab (MuzzaffarGarh, Bahawalpur et RahimYarKhan), qui se trouve sous l’emprise de l’extrémisme religieux et de la violence sectaire. Au total, 90 journalistes se sont inscrits dans les six ateliers de formation, mais du fait de la forte demande, 125 ont finalement été acceptés, dont 38 femmes.

La participation de femmes au projet était remarquable, compte tenu des circonstances locales. « Nous saluons la décision d’inclure 38 participantes dans les ateliers de formation de Samasatta et MusafirKhana » a déclaré Ms NajmaunNisa Bukhari, coordinatrice du RMNP.

 « Dans les zone rurales du Pakistan, où vit 70 % de la population, les journalistes femmes ne sont qu’une poignée. Dans la région de Bahawalpur, où demeurent 12,5 millions d’habitants, il n’y a pas une seule femme journaliste. Et les hommes n’ont pas la possibilité de rendre compte du point de vue des femmes, car ils ne peuvent ni les approcher, ni leur parler librement. »

« La quasi-absence de journalistes femmes signifie que les médias ne témoignent pas d’une large partie de la société. La perspective des femmes est complètement absente de la couverture médiatique. Il est urgent que les médias locaux et nationaux dénoncent les violations des droits de l’homme dont sont victimes les femmes. » a-t-elle conclu.

Couvrir une émeute, agir face aux pressions, menaces et intimidations de diverses origines, gérer les contacts et les relations avec les sources d’information, préserver les faits et maintenir un équilibre dans le reportage, couvrir les attentats à la bombe sont quelques-uns des sujets traités lors de la formation.

Les questions comme la couverture des atrocités commises par les chefs de guerre, les viols collectifs et les crimes d’honneur ont également été abordés. En parallèle, des exercices pratiques ont été proposés pour améliorer les compétences d’écriture.

Pour la formation, le RMNP a mis à jour un manuel rédigé en ourdou traitant des questions de sécurité. Les six événements ont été encadrés par des formateurs basés à Karachi et à Lahore.

Le programme de formation s’est achevé avec la mise en place d’un mécanisme de sécurité pour les journalistes dans trois zones difficiles du sud du Pendjab, où aucune société de presse n’est vraiment présente, et avec l’organisation de six comités d’observation de la liberté de la presse. Les participants au projet ont demandé instamment aux autorités concernées de faire de la protection des journalistes une priorité nationale.

“Le principal défi à relever au Pakistan, mis à part les menaces directes pesant sur la vie des journalistes, est la culture de l’impunité. Sur 116 cas, les meurtriers de seulement deux journalistes ont été arrêtés au cours des dix dernières années. Cela encourage l’impunité et permet à quiconque de menacer et d’attaquer les journalistes, parce que les meurtriers savent qu’ils ne seront probablement pas inquiétés » a déclaré M. Ehsan Ahmed Khan Sehar, président du RMNP.

Irina Bokova welcomes the Vice President of the Republic of Bulgaria Margarita Popova to UNESCO

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 15:40

During the meeting, Irina Bokova thanked Margarita Popova for the generous support of Bulgaria for organizing this important event. They agreed that the Conference will have a great impact by seeking to create a global network of partners to support advocacy and knowledge sharing in the fight against hate speech, radicalization and violent extremism. The Vice President of Bulgaria commended also the initiatives of Irina Bokova and her commitment to the protection of cultural heritage, especially in countries in conflict.

Margarita Popova signed the Visitors’ Book in the presence of the Director-General, Angel Tcholakov, Ambassador of Bulgaria to France and Alexander Savov, Permanent delegate of Bulgaria to UNESCO.

L'UNESCO recherche un coordinateur de campagne internationale

Actualités - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 15:06

Le consultant devra :

  1. Mener le développement d’une stratégie de campagne internationale pour la célébration de la Journée mondiale de la radio qui se tient le 13 février 2016 à travers le monde ;
  2. Coordonner la mise en œuvre d’une stratégie de campagne internationale, notamment en conseillant et supervisant l’organisation d’évènements nationaux de célébration  dans chaque Etat Membre, dans le but de fournir une approche thématique intégrée des célébrations.

Si vous êtes intéressé(e)s par cette mission veuillez envoyer votre candidature en anglais ou en français à campaigncoordinator(at)unesco.org, au plus tard le 15 juillet 2015 à 24h00 heure Paris, selon les termes de référence contenus dans l’appel d’offre situé à droite du panneau de navigation de cette page.

Contact

Seeking international campaign coordinator

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 14:46

The consultant will:

  1. Lead on the development of an international campaign strategy to observe World Radio Day on 13 February 2016 world over;
  2. Coordinate the implementation of the international campaign strategy, including by advising on and overseeing the design of national celebration events in every Member State, in order to provide an integrated thematic approach of celebrations.

If you are interested in this assignment, please send a written proposal in English or French to campaigncoordinator(at)unesco.org on or before 15 July 2015 at 12 a.m. Paris time, according to the terms of reference contained in the call for proposals that you will find on the right-hand bar of this page.

Contact

L’UNESCO recherche un coordinateur de contenu en ligne

Actualités - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 11:32

Le contractant devra, entre autres, développer l’identité visuelle et la marque de la Journée mondiale de la radio 2016, gérer le site web de la Journée, fournir des documents audio, concevoir une infographie et éditer et mettre en ligne les informations relatives à JMR.

Les candidats doivent avoir l’excellente connaissance de système de gestion de contenu, la maîtrise de logiciels de conception graphiques et la capacité à travailler sous pression. L’excellente connaissance et aptitudes rédactionnelles en anglais ou français sont également requises. La connaissance de l’arabe, le chinois, l’espagnol ou le russe serait un atout.

Comment postuler

Si vous êtes intéressé(e)s par cette mission, veuillez envoyer votre candidature selon les termes de référence contenus dans l’appel d’offre.

Contact

IPDC Chairperson addresses Conference on Youth and the Internet

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 11:06

The conference is convened in a partnership between the Information for All Programme and IPDC. 

Ms Shala posed a number of questions: “How can we help youth de-romanticize danger and violence? How to nourish in them a sense of purpose and fulfilment and make radicalization less acceptable and desirable? How to empower youth be free?”

The Chair noted that although Internet plays a role in radicalisation, it was not the principal driver. Nevertheless, the Internet and offline media could be used to counter radicalization. In this, IPDC played a positive role by:

  • Promoting media pluralism: freedom of choice so that individuals, young and old, have credible alternatives to messages that romanticise radicalization.
  • Empowering young people to put their issues effectively onto the media and social media agenda, and to control their own identities – instead of leaving them vulnerable to emotional manipulation by propaganda or advertising.
  • Capacity-building for journalists to be sensitive to their work possibly contributing towards stereotypes and misinformation among young people.
  • Supporting safety of journalists so that they can report to the world on the role of extremists in radicalisation,

Ms Shala also listed the activities IPDC was proposing within the wider UNESCO project to take forward the momentum of the conference:

  • Countering hate speech in media and social media;
  • Promoting conflict-sensitive journalism practice;
  • Promoting cross-cultural and cross-religious dialogue; and
  • The safety of journalists.

World Radio Day 2016: UNESCO is seeking an online content coordinator

News - Tue, 16/06/2015 - 09:33

Candidates are requested to have an excellent knowledge of content management systems, mastery of design software and ability to work under pressure. Excellent knowledge and drafting skills in English or French are required, and a good level in Spanish, Arabic, Chinese or Russian would be an asset.

How to apply

If you are interested in this opportunity, please read the Call for Proposals and apply according to its terms of reference.

Making Rwandese educational portals accessible to people with disabilities

News - Mon, 15/06/2015 - 16:21

UNESCO conducted a web accessibility audit of educational portals from the Ministry of Education, the Rwanda Education Board and the Workforce Development Agency. As a result a four-day training workshop was organized, focusing on common web accessibility barriers, guidelines, best practices and coding of snippets for retrofitting of inaccessible websites.

The workshop provided hands-on training on inclusive publishing and the production of digital content that conforms to international standards and is accessible to everyone including people with disabilities. A participant from the College of Education, Kigali, said that in the training he learnt how to prepare materials for people living with disabilities (texts, pictures and sound records).

This training activity is part of a three-fold approach to develop accessible ICTs in Rwanda. The first part focuses on the policy environment of ICTs for people living with disabilities in Rwanda. A policy brief on ICTs and Disabilities is being developed to inform ICT and education policy interventions. The second part focuses on capacity development in the field of inclusive technologies. And finally, the third part will focus on supporting the establishment of a national resource centre that would provide information relevant to people living with disabilities, as well as training facilities, based on the UNESCO Inclusive Learning Lab (i2Lab). This is a UNESCO-led approach to building a diverse, dynamic and inclusive learning environment for persons with disabilities.

The ICT sector in Rwanda is singled out as a priority that can change dramatically the entire society. ICT can contribute towards creating employment and generating incomes, including disadvantaged communities, particularly among women, youth and persons with disabilities. However, if disadvantaged communities do not have access to technologies because of accessibility barriers, the impact will be limited. UNESCO is, therefore, undertaking several initiatives aimed at making ICT accessible and introducing significant improvements in the lives of these persons, allowing them to enhance their social and economic integration in communities by enlarging the scope of activities available to them. As one of the workshop participants remarked, he had never thought about disability in his day-to-day activities, but, from now on, he would have it in his mind when developing ICT solutions.

The UNESCO activities are carried out within the framework of the Rwanda Joint Flagship on Youth and Women Employment, supporting formal training institutions to provide digital educational materials to young people living with disabilities.

The way forward: UNGA’s WSIS+10 Review draft Roadmap released

News - Mon, 15/06/2015 - 11:41

At the first UNGA WSIS+10 Review Stocktaking meeting held at UN Headquarters in New York on 10 and 11 June 2015, UNESCO pledged its full support to the overall 2015 WSIS+10 Review process. “As facilitator of one third of all WSIS Action Lines, UNESCO contributed heavily to the WSIS implementation over the last decade; UNESCO also hosted the first WSIS+10 Review event with 1500 participants and a multistakeholder agreed Final Statement, which was later endorsed by UNESCO’s Member States at its 37th General Conference. UNESCO is committed to fully contribute to the UNGA’s WSIS Review,” said Mr Banerjee, Director of UNESCO’s Knowledge Societies Division.

The two co-facilitators, Lana Z. Nusseibeh, Permanent Representative of the United Arab Emirates, and Jānis Mažeiks, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia, were appointed by Sam K. Kutesa, President of the 69th Session of the General Assembly on 1 June 2015, to lead an “intergovernmental preparatory process that also takes into account inputs from all relevant stakeholders” (A/RES/68/302).

The co-facilitators called for a stocktaking meeting on 10 and 11 June, which benefitted from presentations made by UNESCO, ITU and CSTD. Today, the draft roadmap foresees a first preparatory meeting on 1 July and stakeholder consultations on 2 July 2015. This meeting will be followed by a Non-Paper and a Zero-Draft, which will be reviewed at a second preparatory meeting from 20 to 22 October 2015. The High-Level Meeting of the UNGA is scheduled to take place on 14- and 5 (or 15 and 16) December 2015.

The draft roadmap is subject to revision and an updated document will be made available shortly. While questions remain on the timeline, the format of the outcome document as well as of the process is particularly important. Concerning contributions of non-governmental stakeholders, which are key in the WSIS work, it is clear that UNESCO’s presentations and offer of full support were well received, and will be further called upon in this process.    

The launch of the UNGA process was preceded by an Expert Group Meeting on “Advancing a Sustainable Information Society for All” on 8 and 9 June, at which UNESCO, represented by Mr Banerjee, also shared its Knowledge Societies vision and highlighted the substantive work facilitated and undertaken by the Organization.

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