Feed aggregator

IFAP dedicated session at the International Congress on Archives in Seoul

News - Fri, 16/09/2016 - 15:25

The UN Sustainable Development Goals as defined in Transforming Our World – the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, are closely related to the work aiming at providing access to records for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive memory institutions at all levels. Furthermore, UNESCO’s Recommendation concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage, including in Digital Form, which was adopted by the General Conference at its last session, in November 2015, encourages Member States to support their memory institutions in establishing selection, collection and preservation policies, guided by internationally established and defined standards regarding documentary heritage.

During this Quadrennial Congress, records and archives professionals reaffirmed their determination to make a powerful contribution to modern society in the digital age by sharing their professional knowledge to the fullest possible extent, in a true spirit of ‘Harmony and Friendship’ for building inclusive knowledge societies. 

ICA, is working together with UNESCO and the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) on a number of issues towards the shared objectives to preserve, raise awareness and promote access to the documentary treasures of humanity. The Congress provided an opportunity for a joint UNESCO/ICA presentation specifically devoted to the intergovernmental Information for All Programme, given by Dr Boyan Radoykov, Chief of the Universal Access and Preservation Section in UNESCO’s Knowledge Societies Division, and ICA President David Fricker on the key developments and initiatives that demonstrate the collaboration of UNESCO and ICA, in both  policy development and programme delivery capacity. The presentation by the panelists covered the following topics, among others:

  • the modalities of operation and the priority areas of the Information for All Programme, its recent activities and future plans for cooperation with relevant partners in the area of Information Preservation;
  • a brief summary of ICA’s recent achievements, including the Universal Declaration on Archives;
  • the UNESCO Recommendation on the Preservation of and Access to Documentary Heritage including in Digital Form;
  • the UNESCO PERSIST project that aims to provide a facility for archives, libraries and other memory institutions to interact with digital cultural heritage in obsolete or inaccessible formats;
  • the Magnetic Tape Alert Project that warns governments, decision makers and stakeholders of an unprecedented threat: unless copied to safe digital repositories, original audio and video tapes, unique documents of the world’s linguistic and cultural diversity will get definitely lost.

Mr Fricker was emphatic in his commitment to the partnership between ICA and the various UNESCO programmes. In concluding his presentation, he stressed: “ICA needs UNESCO – to provide the international awareness and leadership across member states to recognise the value of documentary heritage.  And UNESCO depends on ICA to assist in the development of products and programmes that support these ideals.”

The former Chair of the IFAP Working Group on Information Preservtion, Mr Dietrich Schüller, also addressed the session. He noted: “Over the past sixty years, substantial audio and video collections have been established that today form the most prominent documents of cultural and linguistic diversity. The present dramatic vanishing of replay equipment in operable condition will inevitably lead to the loss of all those original documents, which have not been secured in digital repositories in time.”

In his presentation, Dr Radoykov outlined the wide range of possibilities for cooperation between ICA and IFAP and the complementarity that can be brought by this intergovernmental programme to the work of the information specialists and experts, since IFAP provides a reliable platform for international policy discussions and cooperation in the area of access to and preservation of, information and knowledge.  He also underscored: “People and societies must realize that documentary heritage in all its forms, and especially the one of outstanding and universal value, is constantly under attack and threat of destruction, and that consenting to its disappearance would be the biggest failure of our times. For many years, UNESCO, together with its members and partners is striving to raise the awareness of national authorities and other relevant stakeholders about the necessity to improve the conditions for the preservation of, and the increased access to the common heritage of humanity. Several of the IFAP recent projects illustrate perfectly these efforts.

Broadband Commission Report 2016: More than half of the world’s population remains offline and the gender gap is widening

News - Fri, 16/09/2016 - 10:27

The report traces the progress made towards achieving the Broadband Commission’s targets for broadband. Progress has been mixed. There has been good progress made towards the first target on National Broadband Plans and policy-making and also on the affordability of broadband access (second target). The Commission’s target 3 on household Internet access and 4 on Internet access in Least Developed Countries will be achieved outside of the original time frame. Regrettably, there is a retrogression for the fifth target calling for gender equality in access to broadband Internet. The overall Internet user gender gap grew by 1% between 2013 and 2016, with still 202 million fewer women than men owning a mobile phone in 2016. 

For this year’s report, UNESCO contributed with a chapter focusing on knowledge cities, in light of Habitat III, the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development taking place in Quito, Ecuador in October 2016. It explores the implications of ‘city smartening’ processes in urban centres. Broadband connectivity and ICTs have the potential to transform our urban lives by generating greater economic, energy, governance and mobility efficiency in our cities.

As Frank La Rue, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, highlights: “‘City smartening’ processes could, however, also represent a crucial milestone in the building of knowledge, cities by boosting urban democratic processes, using ICTs for a greater inclusion and democratic participation, offering quality education to all, empowering women and girls, and promoting cultural diversity and creativity. Broadband and ICTs are key efficiency drivers, but we need to put the human-beings at the centre of our preoccupations. We have to harness technologies to realize our Human Rights, including the freedom of expression.” 

The report also explores promising new uses and applications of ICTs for development (ICT4D), including mobile, satellite, the Internet of Things (IoT), Machine-to-Machine (M2M) connectivity and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This serves as a reminder that new technologies and broadband can play a vital role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. However, this holds true only if the necessary conditions to enable affordable, universal and available Internet access have been achieved and if the ‘soft components’ of the ICT roll-out such as skills development, local content in local languages, inclusive, participatory policies, institutional transparency and accountability are put in place. To promote broadband for catalyzing sustainable development, the report also offers a number of concrete policy recommendations. 

Overall the report is an urgent reminder and call for action as regards ensuring that those who remain without an Internet access have the capacities and content to use the Internet to enhance their livelihood and achieve sustainable development. The report will be one of the inputs to the 14th Annual Meeting of the Broadband Commission, which will be held in New York, USA, on 18 September 2016.

¿Cuánto invierten los países en I+D? Una nueva herramienta de la UNESCO identifica a los nuevos protagonistas

Noticias - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 18:29

“La innovación es fundamental para alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Por eso es esencial el seguimiento de la inversión en I+D en conocimiento, tecnología y pensamiento, que impulsa la innovación en los países”, afirmó Silvia Montoya, Directora del Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO.

El ODS 9 insta a los gobiernos a promover la industrialización y la innovación sostenibles, mediante el rápido incremento del gasto en I+D y el aumento del número de investigadores. Ambos indicadores figuran en la nueva herramienta informática, titulada: “¿Cuánto invierte su país en I+D?”.

Los cinco primeros en la clasificación, en términos de gasto absoluto en I+D, son  grandes potencias económicas: Estados Unidos, China, Japón, Alemania y la República de Corea. Pero la clasificación cambia drásticamente cuando se aplican los datos que se usarán para dar seguimiento a la consecución del ODS 9, que miden el gasto en I+D como porcentaje del PIB: la República de Corea ocupa entonces el primer lugar, seguida de Israel, Japón, Finlandia y Suecia.

Durante algún tiempo las regiones han venido fijando sus propios objetivos de gasto en este sector: el más conocido es el de la Unión Europea (UE) que se ha propuesto aumentar la inversión global en I+D hasta el 3% del PIB de aquí a 2020.

Según los datos del Instituto, en el mundo entero sólo seis países han logrado superar el objetivo del 3% y tres de ellos son economías pequeñas de la UE: Dinamarca, Finlandia y Suecia. Este grupo figura por detrás de Japón, que alcanza el 3,6% y de Israel, que llega a la impresionante marca del 4,1%. Y por delante de todos, se encuentra el líder mundial, la República de Corea, que registra un 4,3%. Austria, Alemania y Suiza bordean el 3%, al igual que Estados Unidos, que es el país que más gasta en términos absolutos.

Pocos países de otras regiones se acercan a estos valores. En Europa Central y Oriental, Eslovenia encabeza la tabla, con el 2,4%, en comparación con el 1,2% que muestra la Federación de Rusia. En Asia Central, las cifras rondan el 0,2%, como ocurre en Kazajstán. Marruecos encabeza la clasificación en el mundo árabe, con el 0,7%.

En América Latina, Brasil es líder, con 1,2%, mientras que la India ocupa el primer lugar en Asia Meridional y Occidental, con el 0,8%. En África, la Unión Africana ha fijado la meta en el 1%, pero sólo Kenya, Malí y Sudáfrica se acercan a esa cifra.

China alcanza actualmente un asombroso promedio de 18,3% de crecimiento anual del gasto en I+D, en comparación con la media del 1,4% de los demás países de ingresos medios-altos, según los datos del Instituto. El gasto que China dedica a I+D sólo representa el 2% de su PIB, pero esto significa que este país inyecta cada año en el sector unos 369.000 millones de dólares, en términos de paridad de poder adquisitivo. A medida que la proporción del gasto mundial en I+D disminuyó entre 1996 y 2013, pasando del 88% al 69,3%, China colmó la brecha por sí sola, al aumentar su gasto del 2,5% al 19,6% en el mismo periodo. Esto significa que China se acerca cada vez más a Estados Unidos, país que representa casi el 30% del gasto mundial en I+D.

En 2013 había en el mundo un promedio de 1.083 investigadores por cada millón de habitantes. Pero de 1996 a 2013 la proporción de investigadores disminuyó en los países de ingresos medios, con la excepción de China, del 17% al 15%, una tendencia negativa preocupante, que podría repercutir en la consecución del desarrollo sostenible en todo el planeta.  

Conozca la herramienta: on.unesco.org/gasto-ID

Amy Otchet – Instituto de Estadística de la UNESCO (Montreal, Canadá) +1 514 343 7933 – cell +1 402 7836; email: a.otchet(at)unesco.org

China y la India son ahora los mayores mercados Internet del mundo

Noticias - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 17:02

Ginebra, 15 de septiembre de 2016 – La India ha adelantado a Estados Unidos y es ahora el segundo mayor mercado Internet del mundo, con 333 millones de usuarios, detrás de China, que tiene 721 millones. Ahora bien, en un nuevo informe publicado hoy por la Comisión de la Banda Ancha para el Desarrollo Sostenible de las Naciones Unidas‎ se confirma asimismo que apenas seis países, incluidos China y la India, representan 55% de la población mundial total que todavía no está en línea, a causa sencillamente del gran número de habitantes que tienen.

Según la edición de 2016 del informe Estado de la banda ancha, mientras que el acceso a Internet está casi saturado en los países más ricos del mundo, la conectividad no avanza lo suficientemente rápido para ayudar a reducir las disparidades de desarrollo en sectores como la enseñanza y la atención sanitaria en los países más pobres del mundo.

Se estima que, en el mundo, 3.900 millones de personas no utilizan Internet, pero en el nuevo informe de la Comisión se estima que China, la India, Indonesia, Pakistán, Bangladesh y Nigeria representan 55% de todas las personas que no están conectadas, mientras que 20 países, incluidos los Estados Unidos, representan 75% de las personas que utilizan Internet. De esas conclusiones se desprende que esfuerzos específicos en unos cuantos mercados clave podrían ayudar considerablemente a resolver la enorme 'brecha digital' entre los que están en línea y los que todavía no lo están.

El Informe Estado de la Banda Ancha 2016‎, publicado justo antes de la 14ª reunión de la Comisión, que tiene lugar el 18 de septiembre en Nueva York, es optimista con respecto al potencial de la banda ancha móvil, dado que 165 países ya han instalado redes móviles '4G' de alta velocidad. La penetración de los teléfonos inteligentes está casi saturada en Estados Unidos, Europa y otros mercados maduros de Asia como Japón y Corea, y se espera que la India e Indonesia, en particular, impulsen su crecimiento en el futuro. La India adelantó recientemente a Estados Unidos y es ahora el segundo mayor mercado mundial de teléfonos inteligentes, con unos 260 millones de suscripciones a la banda ancha móvil.

La Comisión aduce que si el acceso telefónico móvil básico casi universal se pudiera convertir en acceso de banda ancha móvil de alta velocidad, los teléfonos móviles podrían acelerar considerablemente el desarrollo y propiciar una rápida progresión hacia los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenibles de las Naciones Unidas.

"Existe un amplio acervo de pruebas económicas de que la conectividad de banda ancha asequible es un facilitador esencial del crecimiento económico, la integración social y la protección del medio ambiente", declaró Houlin Zhao, Secretario General de la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones (UIT), que también es Co-Vicepresidente de la Comisión con Irina Bokova, Directora General de la UNESCO. "Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible relativos a la enseñanza, la igualdad de género y las infraestructuras comprenden metas audaces para la tecnología de la información y la comunicación. Los ODS son alcanzables pero se necesitan esfuerzos urgentes y progresos en la rapidez, el grado y la igualdad del desarrollo. La Comisión considera que se puede lograr gracias a la banda ancha.

"Las tecnologías de banda ancha pueden ser potentes multiplicadores del desarrollo", añadió la Sra. Bokova, "pero para ello se precisan inversiones combinadas en el acceso y formación y enseñanza. Se trata de abrir nuevos caminos para crear y compartir conocimientos. Se trata de mejorar la libertad de expresión y de aumentar las oportunidades de aprendizaje, especialmente para niñas y mujeres. Se trata de desarrollar contenido pertinente, local y plurilingüe."

El informe Estado de la banda ancha, elaborado cada año, es una instantánea mundial única del acceso a las redes de banda ancha y su asequibilidad, con datos país por país del acceso a la banda ancha comparados con los objetivos esenciales fijados por la Comisión en 2011.

En el informe se confirma que, según las cifras más recientes de la UIT, a finales de 2016, 3.500 millones de personas utilizarán Internet, con respecto a 3.200 millones el año pasado, lo que equivale a 47% de la población mundial. Los progresos en los 48 Países Menos Adelantados designados por las Naciones Unidas han sido alentadores, y se espera alcanzar el objetivo de la Comisión de 15% de la población de los PMA en línea antes del final de este año.

Las cifras de este año muestran que, de nuevo, los 10 primeros países en desarrollo en penetración de Internet en los hogares están en Asia o en el Oriente Medio. La República de Corea sigue teniendo la mayor tasa de penetración de la banda ancha en los hogares del mundo, con 98,8% de los hogares conectados, Qatar (96%) y los Emiratos Árabes Unidos (95%) están clasificados segundo y tercero respectivamente.

Islandia sigue teniendo el mayor porcentaje de personas que utilizan Internet (98,2%), mientras que Luxemburgo (97,3%) ha adelantado a Noruega y ocupa ahora el segundo puesto, y Andorra (97%) ha arrebatado el tercer puesto a Dinamarca.

Mónaco sigue muy ligeramente por delante de Suiza como líder mundial de la penetración de la banda ancha fija, con más de 47 suscripciones por 100 habitantes, en comparación con Suiza (45%). Hay ahora siete economías (Mónaco, Suiza, Liechtenstein, Dinamarca, los Países Bajos, Francia y la República de Corea) en las cuales la penetración de la banda ancha es superior a 40%, cuando en 2014 había seis y en 2012 había sólo una (Suiza).

Finlandia tiene el porcentaje más elevado de suscripciones activas a la banda ancha móvil en el mundo, con 144 suscripciones por 100 personas, seguida por Singapur (142) y Kuwait (139). La región Asia-Pacífico representa casi la mitad (48%) de todas las suscripciones a la banda ancha móvil.

En total hay actualmente 91 economías en las cuales más de 50% de la población está en línea, en comparación con 79 en 2015, pero mientras que en 2014 los 10 primeros países en proporción de usuarios de Internet eran todos europeos, este año se les ha sumado Bahrein (en el séptimo puesto) y Japón (en el noveno). Los niveles más bajos de utilización de Internet se encuentran en el África subsahariana, donde menos de 3% de la población utiliza Internet en varios países, tales como Chad (2,7%), Sierra Leona (2,5%), Níger (2,2%), Somalia (1,8%) y Eritrea (1,1%).


Metas globales de la Comisión de la Banda Ancha

Los progresos hacia las Metas de 2011 de la Comisión han sido diversos. En lo que respecta a la Meta 1: Planes nacionales de banda ancha, gracias al trabajo de información de la Comisión sobre la importancia de la banda ancha, el número de países con un Plan nacional de banda ancha pasó de 102 en 2010, cuando la Comisión comenzó su trabajo, a 151 al día de hoy.

En lo que respecta a los progresos de la Meta 2: Asequibilidad, la mayoría de los países han alcanzado la meta de la Comisión de un coste de la banda ancha fija básica inferior a 5% de la RNB mensual, incluidos 83 países en desarrollo. Ahora bien, al día de hoy sólo cinco de los 48 Países Menos Adelantados según las Naciones Unidas han alcanzado la meta.

La Meta 3: Conectar los hogares a la banda ancha ha avanzado satisfactoriamente, 52% de los hogares en todo el mundo disponen de una conexión de banda ancha. En los países desarrollados, 84% de los hogares están conectados, pero la progresión también ha sido sólida en los países en desarrollo, donde el acceso de los hogares ha pasado de 38% el año pasado a 41% en 2016, rebasando así la meta de 40% fijado por la Comisión en 2011.

Si bien se espera que los Países Menos Adelantados alcancen la Meta 4: Poner a la gente en línea, con 15% de la población conectada a finales de este año, con las tasas de crecimiento actuales es improbable que se alcance antes de 2021 la meta global general de la Comisión de 60% de las personas en línea.

Por último, la brecha de género, que se intenta resolver con la Meta 5: Igualdad de acceso, ha aumentado ligeramente, en realidad, de una brecha de género de 11% entre usuarios de Internet en 2015 a 12% en 2016, lo que equivale a 257 millones más de hombres que de mujeres en línea.

La Comisión de la Banda Ancha está integrada por más de más de 50 dirigentes de diversos sectores público y privado que se han comprometido a ayudar activamente a países, expertos de las Naciones Unidas y equipos de ONG a aprovechar plenamente el ingente potencial de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) para impulsar nuevas estrategias nacionales en materia de ODS en ámbitos clave tales como enseñanza, atención sanitaria y gestión del medio ambiente.

El informe Estado de la banda ancha 2016 es la sexta edición del informe de la Comisión sobre la conectividad de banda ancha. Esta publicación anual es el único informe que contiene una clasificación país por país del acceso y la asequibilidad en más de 160 economías.

Puede descargar el informe completo aquí.

Puede descargar las principales conclusiones del Informe aquí.

Puede descargar un resumen de los progresos realizados con respecto a las 5 Metas de la Comisión para la banda ancha aquí.

Puede descargar las fotos de portada del informe aquí.

Puede descargar un fichero PowerPoint en el que se resumen las principales conclusiones del Informe aquí.

Vídeo: La autora principal de Estado de la banda ancha, Phillippa Biggs, nos habla de lo más importante del informe de este año:

Más de la mitad del mundo sigue sin estar en línea ¿Cuál es el principal motivo y cómo se puede reducir la 'brecha digital'?


Según la Comisión, ¿Dónde puede la banda ancha impulsar un progreso significativo?


¿Qué función desempeñará la banda ancha en la creación de las 'ciudades inteligentes' del futuro?


El informe concluye con numerosas recomendaciones destinadas a los poderes públicos y los dirigentes del mundo. ¿Qué es lo más urgente, cuáles son las soluciones más rápidas?


Si queremos conectar a los próximos 1.500 millones de personas, ¿En qué debemos concentrarnos?


Lista completa de vídeos


Descargue aquí podcasts de alta calidad de las preguntas de la entrevista.

Más información sobre la Comisión de la Banda Ancha: www.broadbandcommission.org.

Siga a la Comisión de la Banda Ancha en Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission

Si desea más información, diríjase a:

En la UIT: Sarah Parkes

Jefa de Relaciones con los Medios e Información Pública
Tel.: +41 22 730 6135
Móvil: +41 79 599 1439
Correo-e: sarah.parkes(at)itu.int

En la UNESCO: George Papagiannis

Jefe a.i., Relaciones con los medios

Móvil: + 33 6 82 94 89 54
Correo-e: g.papagiannis(at)unesco.org

Sobre la UIT

La UIT es la organización más importante de las Naciones Unidas en lo que concierne a las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, que impulsa la innovación en las TIC junto con los 193 Estados Miembros y más de 700 entidades del sector privado e Instituciones Académicas miembros. La UIT, que fue creada en 1865, celebró su ‎150º‎ aniversario en 2015 como organismo intergubernamental responsable de coordinar la compartición del espectro radioeléctrico a escala mundial, promover la cooperación internacional para la asignación de órbitas de satélite, mejorar la infraestructura de telecomunicaciones en el mundo en desarrollo, y establecer las normas mundiales que garantizan la interconexión continua de una amplia gama de sistemas de comunicaciones. De las redes de banda ancha a las tecnologías inalámbricas punteras, la navegación aeronáutica y marítima, la radioastronomía, la oceanografía y la supervisión de la Tierra por satélite, así como los servicios de telefonía fija y móvil convergentes, Internet y las tecnologías de radiodifusión, la UIT se compromete a conectar el mundo. www.itu.int

Sobre la UNESCO

La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura se esfuerza por encauzar el poder del conocimiento y la información, en particular por conducto de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC), para transformar economías, crear sociedades del conocimiento integradoras y emancipar a las comunidades locales aumentando el acceso a la información y el conocimiento, así como su conservación y divulgación, en todos los ámbitos de actividad de la UNESCO. Para la UNESCO, esas sociedades del conocimiento deben fundamentarse en cuatro pilares: libertad de expresión, acceso universal a la información y el conocimiento, respeto de la diversidad cultural y lingüística, y enseñanza de calidad para todos. Véase más en www.unesco.org/es

La Chine et l'Inde sont désormais les plus grands marchés de l'Internet au monde

Actualités - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 12:55

L'Inde a dépassé les Etats-Unis pour devenir le deuxième marché de l'Internet au monde, avec 333 millions d'utilisateurs, loin derrière la Chine et ses 721 millions d'internautes. Cependant, un nouveau rapport publié aujourd'hui par la Commission des Nations Unies sur le large bande au service du développement durable confirme que six pays, dont la Chine et l'Inde, rassemblent à eux seuls 55% des habitants de la planète qui n'ont toujours pas accès à l'Internet, du fait de la taille de leur population.

Selon l'édition de 2016 du rapport sur la situation du large bande (State of Broadband 2016), si l'accès à l'Internet atteint un niveau proche de la saturation dans les pays riches, la connectivité ne progresse toujours pas assez vite pour aider les zones les plus pauvres du monde à réduire leur retard en matière de développement dans des secteurs tels que l'éducation et les soins de santé.

Au niveau mondial, on estime à 3,9 milliards le nombre de personnes qui n'utilisent pas l'Internet. Toutefois, le nouveau rapport indique que la Chine, l'Inde, l'Indonésie, le Pakistan, le Bangladesh et le Nigéria regroupent à eux seuls 55% de l'ensemble des personnes n'ayant pas accès à l'Internet, alors que 20 pays, dont les Etats-Unis, concentrent les trois quarts des internautes. Ces résultats laissent supposer que des efforts ciblés sur quelques marchés clés pourraient conduire à d'énormes progrès dans la réduction de la « fracture numérique » très large existant entre ceux qui sont connectés et ceux qui ne le sont pas encore.

Publié juste avant la 14ème réunion de la Commission sur le large bande, qui se tiendra à New York le 18 septembre, le rapport sur la situation du large bande en 2016 dresse un constat optimiste en ce qui concerne le potentiel du large bande mobile, 165 pays ayant désormais déployé des réseaux mobiles à haut débit 4G. Alors que le taux de pénétration du smartphone atteint un niveau proche de la saturation aux Etats-Unis, en Europe et sur les marchés asiatiques arrivés à maturité, comme le Japon et la République de Corée, les moteurs de la future croissance devraient être l'Inde et l'Indonésie. L'Inde a récemment dépassé les Etats-Unis pour devenir le deuxième marché du smartphone au monde, avec 260 millions d'abonnements au large bande mobile, selon les estimations.

La Commission estime que si l'accès à la téléphonie mobile de base, aujourd'hui quasi universel, pouvait être converti en accès au large bande mobile à haut débit, les téléphones mobiles pourraient devenir un facteur d'accélération majeur du développement, et entraîner de rapides progrès sur la voie des objectifs de développement durable définis par les Nations Unies.

« De nombreux éléments économiques mettent en évidence le rôle primordial d'une connectivité large bande économiquement accessible pour ce qui est de favoriser la croissance économique, l'inclusion sociale et la protection de l'environnement », a déclaré Houlin Zhao, Secrétaire général de l'UIT et Vice-Président de la Commission, conjointement avec Irina Bokova, Directrice générale de l'UNESCO. « Les objectifs de développement durable concernant l'éducation, l'égalité hommes-femmes et les infrastructures comportent des dimensions audacieuses pour les technologies de l'information et de la communication. Les objectifs de développement durable sont réalistes, mais ils réclament d'urgence des efforts et des progrès s'agissant de la vitesse et du niveau de développement ainsi que de l'égalité. La Commission pense que le large bande peut nous aider à y parvenir. »

« Les technologies de large bande peuvent se révéler un puissant levier de développement, à condition cependant d'investir à la fois dans l'accessibilité, dans les compétences et dans l'éducation. », a déclaré pour sa part Irina Bokova. « Il faut ouvrir de nouvelles voies pour la création et le partage des connaissances. Il faut renforcer la liberté d'expression et élargir les possibilités d'apprentissage, en particulier pour les femmes et les jeunes filles. Il faut créer des contenus utiles, locaux et multilingues. »

Publié annuellement, le rapport sur la situation du large bande offre un aperçu unique de l'accès aux réseaux large bande dans le monde, notamment sur le plan économique, en fournissant des données par pays qui permettent de mesurer l'accès au large bande à l'aune des grands objectifs fixés par la Commission en 2011.

Le rapport confirme que, selon les derniers chiffres en date de l'UIT, le monde comptera 3,5 milliards d'internautes d'ici à fin 2016, ce qui représente 47% de la population mondiale, contre 3,2 milliards l'année dernière. Les progrès enregistrés dans les 48 pays désignés comme pays les moins avancés (PMA) par l'Organisation des Nations Unies ont été encourageants, et l'objectif de la Commission qui consiste à connecter 15% de la population des PMA devrait être atteint d'ici à la fin de l'année.

Les chiffres du rapport de cette année indiquent qu'une fois encore, les dix premiers pays en développement concernant le taux de pénétration de l'Internet dans les foyers sont tous situés en Asie ou au Moyen‑Orient. La République de Corée est toujours en tête pour ce qui est du taux de pénétration de l'Internet dans les foyers, avec 98,8% de foyers connectés. Le Qatar (96%) et l'Arabie saoudite (95%) occupent respectivement les deuxième et troisième places de ce classement.

L'Islande continue d'afficher le plus fort pourcentage d'internautes (98,2%), alors que le Luxembourg (97,3%) est passé devant la Norvège pour prendre la deuxième place dans ce domaine, et qu'Andorre (97%) a ravi la troisième place au Danemark.

Monaco garde une légère avance sur la Suisse à la première place du classement mondial en matière de taux de pénétration du large bande fixe, avec plus de 47 abonnements pour 100 habitants, contre 45% pour la Suisse. Sept pays (Monaco, Suisse, Liechtenstein, Danemark, Pays-Bas, France et République de Corée) présentent désormais un taux de pénétration du large bande fixe supérieur à 40%, contre six en 2014, et seulement un (la Suisse) en 2012.

La Finlande est le pays où le pourcentage d'abonnements actifs au large bande mobile est le plus élevé, avec 144 abonnements pour 100 habitants. Elle est suivie de Singapour (142) et du Koweït (139). La région Asie-Pacifique représente à elle seule près de la moitié (48%) de l'ensemble des abonnements actifs au large bande mobile.

Au total, on compte aujourd'hui 91 pays dans lesquels plus de 50% des habitants utilisent l'Internet, contre 79 en 2015. Cependant, alors qu'en 2014 les dix premiers pays en ce qui concerne l'utilisation de l'Internet se trouvaient tous en Europe, ce groupe a été intégré cette année par Bahreïn (7ème) et le Japon (9ème). Les pays ayant les taux d'internautes les plus faibles se trouvent en Afrique subsaharienne; en effet, moins de 3% de la population utilise l'Internet dans plusieurs pays de cette zone, dont le Tchad (2,7%), la Sierra Leone (2,5%), le Niger (2,2%), la Somalie (1,8%) et l'Erythrée (1,1%).

Objectifs mondiaux de la Commission sur le large bande

Les progrès accomplis sur la voie des objectifs définis par la Commission en 2011 ont été contrastés. Pour ce qui est de l'objectif 1: Plans nationaux sur le large bande, les efforts déployés par la Commission pour souligner l'importance du large bande ont conduit à une augmentation du nombre de pays dotés d'un plan national pour le large bande, qui est passé de 102 en 2010, année du lancement de la Commission, à 151 aujourd'hui.

L'objectif 2: Accessibilité économique, qui consiste à faire en sorte que le coût du large bande fixe de base soit inférieur à 5% du RNB mensuel par habitant a désormais été atteint par la majeure partie des pays, parmi lesquels 83 pays en développement. Toutefois, à ce jour, seuls cinq des 48 pays désignés par l'Organisation des Nations Unies comme pays les moins avancés y sont parvenus.

Des progrès notables ont été accomplis concernant l'objectif 3: Connecter les ménages au large bande, 52% des ménages dans le monde étant désormais dotés d'une connexion large bande. Dans les pays développés, 84% des ménages sont maintenant connectés, mais de nets progrès ont aussi été enregistrés dans les pays en développement, où la part des ménages ayant accès au large bande est passée de 38% l'année dernière à 41% en 2016, dépassant ainsi l'objectif de 40% fixé par la Commission en 2011.

L'objectif 4: Connecter le plus grand nombre à l'Internet, sera bientôt atteint par les pays les moins avancés, dont 15% de la population devrait être connectée d'ici à la fin de l'année. Toutefois, au rythme de croissance actuel, l'objectif global de la Commission, qui est de porter à 60% le taux de personnes en ligne à l'échelle mondiale, ne devrait pas être atteint avant 2021.

Enfin, l'écart entre les hommes et les femmes en matière d'utilisation de l'Internet, que l'objectif 5: Egalité d'accès, vise pourtant à réduire, a légèrement augmenté, passant de 11% en 2015 à 12% en 2016, ce qui signifie que les hommes sont 257 millions de plus à être connectés que les femmes.

La Commission sur le large bande regroupe plus de 50 dirigeants représentant les pouvoirs publics et le secteur privé, déterminés à aider les pays, les experts des Nations Unies et les équipes des ONG à tirer le meilleur parti du gigantesque potentiel des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) – moteurs de la création de nouvelles stratégies nationales de développement durable dans des secteurs clés tels que l'éducation, les soins de santé et la gestion de l'environnement.

L'édition 2016 du rapport sur la situation du large bande est la sixième édition du rapport annuel de la Commission sur la connectivité large bande. Publié chaque année, ce rapport est le seul à proposer un classement par pays, en fonction de l'accès et de l'accessibilité financière, pour plus de 160 pays.


Un exemplaire du rapport en version intégrale peut être téléchargé ici.

Les principales conclusions du rapport peuvent être téléchargées ici.

Une présentation des progrès réalisés sur la voie des cinq objectifs de la Commission sur le large bande peut être téléchargée ici.

Les photos de couverture du rapport peuvent être téléchargées ici.

Un jeu de diapositives PowerPoint résumant les principales conclusions du rapport peut être téléchargé ici.

Vidéos (disponibles en anglais seulement):


Des podcasts audio en qualité diffusion des questions de cet entretien peuvent être téléchargés ici.

Pour en savoir plus sur la Commission sur le large bande, cliquez sur: www.broadbandcommission.org.

Suivez les activités de la Commission sur Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission.

Suivez les activités de la Commission sur Twitter: www.itu.int/twitter.


Pour davantage d'informations, mettez-vous en rapport avec:

A l'UIT: Sarah Parkes Chef, Relations avec les médias et information du public Tél.: +41 22 730 6135 Mobile: +41 79 599 1439 Courriel: sarah.parkes@itu.int

A l'UNESCO: George Papagiannis Chef, Relations avec les médias (a.i.) Mobile: +33 6 82 94 89 54 Courriel: g.papagiannis@unesco.org


A propos de l'UIT

L'UIT est la principale institution des Nations Unies pour les technologies de l'information et de la communication ; elle encourage l'innovation dans le secteur des TIC, aux côtés des 193 Etats Membres et plus de 700 entités du secteur privé et institutions universitaires qui la composent. Fondée en 1865, soit il y a plus de 150 ans, elle est l'organisation intergouvernementale chargée de coordonner l'utilisation en partage du spectre des fréquences radioélectriques au niveau mondial, d'encourager la coopération internationale en attribuant des orbites de satellite, de renforcer l'infrastructure des communications dans les pays en développement et de définir des normes mondiales qui garantissent la parfaite interconnexion de systèmes de communication très divers. Qu'il s'agisse des réseaux large bande ou des technologies hertziennes de pointe, de la navigation aéronautique et maritime, de la radioastronomie, de l'observation des océans et de la surveillance de la Terre par satellite ou de la convergence entre téléphonie fixe et téléphonie mobile, de l'Internet ou des technologies de radiodiffusion, l'UIT s'engage à connecter le monde. www.itu.int

A propos de l'UNESCO

L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture s'emploie à tirer parti des potentialités du savoir et de l'information, en particulier des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) pour transformer les économies, créer des sociétés du savoir inclusives et donner aux communautés locales les moyens d'agir en élargissant l'accès à l'information et au savoir, qui doivent être préservés et partagés, dans tous les domaines dont s'occupe l'UNESCO. Pour l'UNESCO, les sociétés du savoir doivent reposer sur les quatre piliers suivants: liberté d'expression; accès universel à l'information et au savoir; respect de la diversité culturelle et linguistique; et éducation de qualité pour tous. Pour en savoir plus, cliquez sur: www.unesco.org.


China, India now world’s largest Internet markets

News - Thu, 15/09/2016 - 12:51

India has overtaken the United States to become the world’s second largest Internet market, with 333 million users, trailing China’s 721 million. But a new report released today by the UN Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development also confirms that just six nations – including China and India – together account for 55% of the total global population still offline, because of the sheer size of their populations.

While Internet access is approaching saturation in richer nations, connectivity is still not advancing fast enough to help bridge development gaps in areas like education and health care for those in poorer parts of the world, according to the 2016 edition of The State of Broadband report.

Globally, an estimated 3.9 billion people are not using the Internet. But the Commission’s new report estimates that, between them, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria account for 55% of all unconnected people, while 20 countries – including the US – account for a full 75% of those not using the Internet. These findings suggest that targeted efforts in just a few key markets could help enormously in redressing the gaping ‘digital divide’ between those who are online and those still offline.

Released just ahead of the 14th meeting of the Commission in New York on September 18, The State of Broadband 2016 is optimistic about the potential of mobile broadband, with 165 countries now having deployed ‘4G’ high-speed mobile networks. As smartphone penetration reaches near-saturation in the US, Europe and mature markets in Asia like Japan and Korea, India and Indonesia in particular are expected to drive future growth. India also recently overtook the US to become the world’s second-largest smartphone market, with an estimated 260 million mobile broadband subscriptions.

The Commission argues that if today’s near-universal basic mobile phone access could be converted to high-speed mobile broadband access, mobile phones could serve as a major accelerator of development, driving rapid progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

“There is a large body of economic evidence for the role of affordable broadband connectivity as a vital enabler of economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection,” said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao, who serves as co-Vice Chair of the Commission with UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. “The Sustainable Development Goals for education, gender equality and infrastructure include bold targets for information and communication technology. The SDGs are achievable, but require urgent efforts and progress in the speed, degree and equality of development. The Commission believes this can be realized through broadband.”

“Broadband technologies can be powerful development multipliers,” Director-General Bokova added, “but this requires combined investments in access and in skills and in education. This is about opening new paths to create and share knowledge. It is about enhancing freedom of expression and about widening learning opportunities, especially for girls and women. This is about developing content that is relevant, local and multilingual.”

Issued annually, The State of Broadband report is a unique global snapshot of broadband network access and affordability, with country-by country data measuring broadband access against key advocacy targets set by the Commission in 2011.

The report confirms that according to latest ITU figures, by end 2016 3.5 billion people will be using the Internet, up from 3.2 billion last year and equating to 47% of the global population. Progress in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries has been encouraging, with the Commission’s target of 15% of the LDC population online expected to be reached by the end of this year.

This year’s figures show that, once again, the top ten developing countries for household Internet penetration are all located in Asia or the Middle East. The Republic of Korea continues to have the world’s highest household Internet penetration, with 98.8% of homes connected; Qatar (96%) and United Arab Emirates (95%) rank second and third, respectively.

Iceland continues to have the highest percentage of individuals using the Internet (98.2%), while Luxembourg (97.3%) has surpassed Norway to take second place, and Andorra (97%) takes third place from Denmark.

Monaco remains very slightly ahead of Switzerland as the world leader in fixed broadband penetration, at over 47 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants compared with the Swiss figure of 45%. There are now seven economies (Monaco, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Denmark, the Netherlands, France and the Republic of Korea) where fixed broadband penetration exceeds 40%, up from six countries in 2014 and just one nation (Switzerland) in 2012.

Finland has the world’s highest percentage of active mobile broadband subscriptions, with 144 subscriptions per 100 people, followed by Singapore (142) and Kuwait (139). The Asia-Pacific region accounts for nearly half (48%) of all active mobile broadband subscriptions.

In total, there are now 91 economies where over 50% of the population is online, up from 79 in 2015. But whereas in 2014 the top ten countries for Internet use were all located in Europe, this year sees Bahrain (ranked 7th) and Japan (ranked 9th) join the group. The lowest levels of Internet usage are found in sub-Saharan Africa, with less than 3% of the population using the Internet in a number of countries including Chad (2.7%), Sierra Leone (2.5%), Niger (2.2%), Somalia (1.8%) and Eritrea (1.1%).

Broadband Commission Global Targets

Progress towards the Commission’s 2011 targets has been mixed. As regards Target 1: National Broadband Plans, the Commission’s advocacy around the importance of broadband has seen the number of countries with a National Broadband Plan grow from 102 in 2010, when the Commission began its work, to 151 today.

Progress on Target 2: Affordability, has seen the majority of countries now having reached the Commission’s goal of basic fixed broadband costing less than 5% of monthly GNI – including 83 developing countries. However, to date only five of the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries have achieved the target.

Target 3: Connecting Homes to Broadband has seen good progress, with 52% of households globally having a broadband connection. In the developed world, 84% of households are now connected, but progress has also been solid in developing countries, where household access has risen from 38% last year to 41% in 2016, exceeding the target of 40% set by the Commission in 2011.

While the Least Developed Countries are expected to attain Target 4: Getting People Online, with 15% of the population connected by the end of this year, at current growth rates the Commission’s overall global target of 60% of people online is unlikely to be achieved before 2021.

Finally, the gender gap which Target 5: Equality of Access sought to redress has in fact widened slightly, from an Internet user gender gap of 11% in 2015 to 12% in 2016, equating to 257 million more men online than women.

The Broadband Commission comprises more than 50 leaders from across a range of government and industry sectors who are committed to actively assisting countries, UN experts and NGO teams to fully leverage the huge potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to drive new national SDG strategies in key areas like education, healthcare and environmental management.

The State of Broadband 2016 is the sixth edition of the Commission’s broadband connectivity report. Released annually, it is the only report that features country-by-country rankings based on access and affordability for over 160 economies worldwide.

Download a full copy of the report.

Download the key Report Findings.

Download an overview of progress towards the Commissions 5 Broadband Targets.

Download cover photos of the report.

Download a PowerPoint slidedeck summarizing the main report findings.


Video: State of Broadband lead author Phillippa Biggs speaks about key issues in this year’s report:

More than half the world is still offline. What’s the main reason – and how can this ‘digital divide’ be bridged?


Where does the Commission believe broadband can drive significant progress?


What role will broadband play in creating the ‘smart cities’ of tomorrow?


The report concludes with many recommendations for policy-makers and world leaders. Which are the most urgent, where are the quick wins?


If we want to connect the next 1.5 billion people, where should we be focusing?


Full video playlist:



Download broadcast-quality audio podcasts of these interview questions.

For more information on the Broadband Commission, visit: www.broadbandcommission.org

Follow the Broadband Commission on Facebook: www.facebook.com/broadbandcommission

Follow the Broadband Commission on Twitter: www.itu.int/twitter

For more information, please contact:

At ITU: Sarah Parkes

Chief, Media Relations and Public Information

Tel : +41 22 730 6135
Mobile: +41 79 599 1439
E-mail: sarah.parkes(at)itu.int

At UNESCO: George Papagiannis

Chief, Media Relations (a.i.)

Mobile: + 33 6 82 94 89 54
E-mail: g.papagiannis(at)unesco.org

About ITU

ITU is the leading United Nations agency for information and communication technologies, driving innovation in ICTs together with 193 Member States and a membership of over 700 private sector entities and academic institutions. Established over 150 years ago in 1865, ITU is the intergovernmental body responsible for coordinating the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promoting international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, improving communication infrastructure in the developing world, and establishing the worldwide standards that foster seamless interconnection of a vast range of communications systems. From broadband networks to cutting-edge wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, oceanographic and satellite-based earth monitoring as well as converging fixed-mobile phone, Internet and broadcasting technologies, ITU is committed to connecting the world. www.itu.int


The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization works to harness the power of knowledge and information, particularly through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), to transform economies, create inclusive knowledge societies, and empower local communities by increasing access to and preservation and sharing of information and knowledge in all of UNESCO’s domains. For UNESCO, such knowledge societies must be built on four pillars: freedom of expression; universal access to information and knowledge; respect for cultural and linguistic diversity; and quality education for all.  See more at: www.unesco.org

How much do countries invest in R&D? New UNESCO data tool reveals emerging players

News - Wed, 14/09/2016 - 15:22

“Innovation is key to achieving each of the Sustainable Development Goals. So it is essential to track R&D investment in the knowledge, technology and thinking that drives innovation in countries,” said Silvia Montoya, Director of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.

SDG 9 calls on governments to promote sustainable industrialization and innovation by ramping up spending on R&D and increasing the number of researchers. Both indicators are featured in the new data tool entitled: ‘How much does your country invest in R&D?’

The top five R&D performers in absolute terms (R&D expenditure) are all large economies: United States followed by China, Japan, Germany and Republic of Korea. But the ranking changes dramatically according to the data that will be used to monitor SDG 9 (R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP): Republic of Korea is the world leader followed by Israel, Japan, Finland and Sweden.

Regions have been setting their own spending targets for some time: the best-known being the European Union (EU) target to raise overall R&D investment to 3% of GDP by 2020.

According to UIS data, only six countries worldwide have managed to surpass the 3% target, and three are smaller EU economies: Denmark, Finland and Sweden. These, in turn, lag behind Japan with 3.6% and Israel with an impressive 4.1%. And all of them trail behind South Korea – the world leader – with 4.3%. Austria, Germany and Switzerland hover around 3% as does the biggest spender of all: the United States.

Few countries in other regions compete with these proportions. In Central and Eastern Europe, Slovenia leads with 2.4% compared to the Russian Federation at 1.2%. In Central Asia, the figure hovers around 0.2%, as in the case for Kazakhstan. Morocco tops the league in the Arab States with just 0.7%. Brazil is the leader in Latin America, with 1.2%, while India leads in South and West Asia with 0.8%. In Africa, the African Union is aiming for 1%, but only Kenya, Mali and South Africa approach the target.

China is achieving an astonishing average annual growth rate of 18.3% in R&D spending, compared to just 1.4% across the rest of the world’s upper-middle-income countries, according to UIS data. China’s R&D spending only amounts to 2% of its GDP, but this means that the country is pouring about PPP$369 billion into this sector each year. As the share of global R&D expenditure by high-income countries fell from 88% in 1996 to 69.3% by 2013, China alone filled that gap, increasing its share from 2.5% to 19.6%. This means that China is increasingly approaching the United States, which accounts for almost 30% of global R&D expenditure.

Globally, there were almost 1,083 researchers for every one million people in 2013. However, the share of researchers in middle-income countries, excluding China, fell from 17% to 15% between 1996 and 2013– a worrying downward trend with global implications for sustainable development.


Amy Otchet – UNESCO Institute for Statistics (Montreal, Canada) +1 514 343 7933 – cell +1 402 7836; email: a.otchet(at)unesco.org

How much does your country invest in R&D? on.unesco.org/RD-spending

MOWCAP Centre opens at the Asia Culture Centre in Gwangju city, Republic of Korea

News - Mon, 12/09/2016 - 16:54

In his keynote speech, Dr Gwang-Jo Kim, Director of the UNESCO Bangkok Regional Office for Education, underlined that the MOWCAP Centre is being opened in a crucial period of the Memory of the World Programme history, with a global review of the Programme currently taking place. “The opening of the Centre is not only a major step for the Programme to realize its full potential in the region but also an example for other regions across the world to follow,” he said. Sharing his vision of the Centre as a meeting place for all MOWCAP members, Dr Kim pointed that it is also to be a “place for dialogue, discussion, exchange of ideas and friendship among people across the region.”

The MOWCAP Chairperson, Mr Li Minghua, in his opening remarks emphasized the need for increased cooperation among the countries in the region and participation in the Memory of the World Programme. “The majority of countries in Asia-Pacific are still not actively participating in the Memory of the World Programme. It is our common responsibility to demonstrate the significance of documentary heritage and to encourage those countries to take interest in the Programme,” he said.

Mr Bang Sun-gyu, President of ACC, cited UNESCO as a “valuable partner for Korea’s development and prosperity” and shared his willingness through the newly opened Centre “to encourage more people to get to know the Memory of the World Programme and to raise awareness on the urgent need to preserve memories.”

The MOWCAP Centre was established through an agreement signed between the MOWCAP Chair and ACC in December 2015. The Centre aims to serve as an information and documentation centre for the MoW Programme in Asia-Pacific, accessible to a large public. The Centre will promote more visibility of the Programme in the region and host the MOWCAP secretarial assistant to facilitate the work of the Bureau. The opening ceremony was followed by a half-day public seminar on the role and work of the Centre.

Video interviews with Press Councils on the impact of digital technologies

News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 15:27
UNESCO's project Building Trust in Media in South East Europe and Turkey is aimed to strengthen press councils' capacity to process media users' complaints in case of breach of the journalistic code of ethics offline and online.

Interest in IPDC media project support surges

News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 12:11

Over 180 applicants have submitted proposals, representing an increase of over 90 on last year’s submissions which stood at only 88 project proposals.

The requested support for these proposals is estimated at over US$6,651,000, in contrast to last year’s US$3,000,000. The average cost of each project proposal is US$37,000, although IPDC currently can contribute only between US$10,000 and US$35,000 of the total project cost of projects approved for support.

The IPDC encourages applicants to seek counterpart funding as a way of broadening the sustainability base and building strategic partnerships for effective project implementation.

Of all the proposals submitted, over 70 are from Africa, reinforcing UNESCO’s Global Priority Africa. A key feature of several of the projects submitted is a focus on Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. These range from how to build capacity for effective climate change journalism in Oman and Sudan, countering ethnocentric and religious extremism in Ethiopia and Myanmar, to enhancing the sustainability of community broadcasting in Uganda and Zambia.

Several other proposals call for greater protection of the safety of journalists, such as in Afghanistan, Yemen, Vietnam, and other countries in transition.

The IPDC Bureau, which approves grants to such proposals, will sit in March 2017.

IPDC Chair, Albana Shala, has pointed to this surge in media project support interest as a unique feature of the IPDC in responding to bottom-up media development solutions which complement the Programme’s normative work on media development and safety of journalists.

The IPDC is the cradle of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, and the origination of the UNESCO Media Development Indicators which promote free, pluralistic and independent media.

Ms Shala said the increased applications show confidence and interest in IPDC as a delivery mechanism for media development, and urged UNESCO’s Member States to increase their contributions to the Programme as a response to this opportunity to make impact on the role of media in advancing the 2030 Development Agenda.

First International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management in Kenya focuses on information ethics

News - Tue, 06/09/2016 - 14:47

UNESCO supported the Technical University of Kenya (TUK) to hold the 1st International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management from 24 to 26 August 2016 in Nairobi, Kenya. Themed “Transformative Information and Knowledge Management for Sustainable Development”, the three-day conference provided participants with a platform to contribute to and benefit from the discourses on how best the academia, government and even private sector can integrate information ethics in the theory and practice of information and knowledge management.

During the conference Prof. Joseph Kiplagat, Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Administration, Planning and Infrastructure at the Technical University of Kenya, welcomed the participants to the conference. “This conference is a first one in Kenya and it comes at a critical time, when there is a need for new reflections about both practice and research in the information and knowledge management field in Kenya, Africa and the world. We are particularly grateful to UNESCO for providing us with support to organize this first International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management in Kenya,” he said.

According to Prof. Adeline Du Toit, keynote speaker at the conference and an extraordinary professor at the University of Pretoria, Department of Information Sciences, “technology and innovation are important sources of competitive advantage and stimuli for economic growth and, therefore, African countries should endeavour to improve their competitiveness by developing a culture of knowledge management in their various institutions and organizations.”

Information ethics were at the core of discussions: panellists and participants debated about moral theories; dilemmas, challenges and remedies in the field of information ethics in Africa; and networking and alliance building to enhance access to information in the African society.

Dr Ochola reminded participants of the key role that the Africa Network on Information Ethics is playing in alliance building among academic institutions in Africa. The Network promotes understanding of information ethics through critical reflection on moral values and practices with regard to the production, storage, distribution and access to information and knowledge for a people-centred, inclusive, development-oriented information society.

The Network’s activities include: encouraging international and intercultural dialogue on information ethics; mobilizing academic researches on information ethics; and fostering greater participation of African scholars in the field of information ethics within the international scholarly community.

International and local academics, information and knowledge management practitioners, policy makers and students presented papers in five panels on the following topics: indigenous knowledge; e-governance; records management; information and knowledge management education; social media in information and knowledge management; knowledge sharing and diffusion; role and impact of information and knowledge centres; digital trends in information and knowledge management; legal and ethical issues in information and knowledge management; emerging trends in libraries and information centres. The papers will be published in revered scholarly journals for knowledge sharing and advancement of information and knowledge management in Kenya and in Africa.

This activity was organized within the framework of UNESCO’s support to enable universal access and preservation of information and knowledge, and building capacities for the use of ICT for sustainable, knowledge-based development enhanced through the implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes.

Call for nominations for Global MIL Awards 2016

News - Tue, 06/09/2016 - 11:28

Deadline for submissions: 19 September 2016

The call for nominations of this year’s Global MIL Awards is open for individuals and organizations. The deadline for submissions is 19 September 2016. More information about the Awards and the nomination form is available here.

Excellence and leadership in five different sectors

While last year the award was open for educators integrating MIL in classrooms and curricula, this year’s Global MIL Awards are intended to acknowledge individuals or organizations in five main sectors: Education, Research, Media and Communication/ Information Industries, Activism and Policy.  

The Awards will identify information/library, media and technology specialists, educators, artists, activists, researchers, policy makers, NGOs, associations and other groups integrating MIL into their work through both formal and non-formal approaches. It will recognize researchers, youth, teachers and organizations who have paved the way for MIL regionally, nationally and globally.

Award winners in 2015

The Global MIL Awards were established and awarded for the first time in 2015 during the fourth annual global celebration of the MIL Week held in Philadelphia, USA. Last year, the Award honored the Media Digital Literacy Academy of the American University of Beirut (Lebanon) for the extensive regional network of media educators that the Academy has created in the MENA region. The Academy’s Chairperson, Jad Melki, accepted the award. The award also honored the Center for Media Literacy (USA) for their outstanding and long career of work in the field of media literacy education, and the center’s President, Tessa Jolls, received this award.

Awards ceremony during the Global MIL Week 2016

The Global MIL Awards are led by the UNESCO-initiated Global Alliance for Partnership on MIL (GAPMIL) and MIL and Intercultrual Dialogue (MILID) Network, with the support of UNESCO, UNAOC, the School of Communication and Arts at the University of São Paulo, and the Youth Portal at the São Paulo Prefecture's Secretary of Human Rights and Citizenship. The award ceremony will take place at Global MIL Week feature event, which is led by UNESCO in cooperation with GAPMIL, UNAOC and MILID University Network.  Global MIL Week will be celebrated from 31 October to 5 November 2016. The feature event will be held in São Paulo, Brazil, from 2 to 5 November 2016 – the Sixth Global MILID Conference and the first GAPMIL General Assembly. The Award winners will be invited to the feature event hosted by the University of São Paulo, Brazil, or connected to the event via remote online, live participation.

South East Europe and Turkey journalists join European Labour Rights Experts group

News - Mon, 05/09/2016 - 17:17

“If journalists’ working conditions are poor, how can media be the driver for sustainable and peaceful development in the region? By promoting these exchanges, UNESCO and the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) aim for a collective upgrade of media professionals’ rights, for the benefit of publics and democracy,” commented Mehmet Koksal, project officer from EFJ.

Under the EU-funded project “Building Trust in media in South East Europe and Turkey,” UNESCO and EFJ are carrying out this knowledge-sharing exercise, whereby journalists from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey and Kosovo (as defined in the UN Security Council Resolution 1244), are now able to join EFJ’s Labour Rights Expert Group (LAREG), a group that congregates representatives of journalists’ organizations from EU member states.

Including representatives from South East Europe and Turkey in LAREG is part of the project’s new initiative. Last April, two South East European media representatives joined LAREG for the first time since the expert group was established, offering a unique opportunity for members of both journalistic communities to discuss best practices on collective agreements and labour laws, among other issues.

Regional media labour standards assessments in South East Europe too often highlight a lack of proper work contracts and social protection for journalists in the region, along with low salaries. A situation causing insecurity among media professionals, while making them vulnerable to political pressures and self-censorship.

According to Dejan Gligorijević, a participant from Journalists Union of Serbia (SINOS), reforming labour laws is key to reducing self-censorship and strengthening collective rights of media workers. “In some countries it is forbidden to establish trade unions in private media, those who try risk being fired; in others, freelance journalists cannot join unions. These obstacles have prevented media unions from becoming strong.”

Erisa Zykaj, a journalist from the Association of Professional Journalists of Albania (APJA) considered that a way to guarantee the defence of media professionals’ labour rights is recovering journalists’ trust on them.

“Many journalists are sceptical about their own rights because they are convinced that in case of conflict with a media owner, at the end of the day, it would be very difficult to challenge them,” Zykaj said.

Although she perceives there have been more denunciations of journalists’ rights violations, she still considers much progress needs to be achieved to improve working conditions. “There is a real interest among journalists in Albania in building trust in the labour rights. These exchanges can help the journalistic community by properly informing journalists about their rights,” she added.

Participants also agreed about the impact that the project can have in improving media freedom and integrity in South East Europe, in line with the guidelines for EU support to enlargement countries.

According to Gligorijević, the process of EU accession is a good opportunity to make the respect of journalists’ labour rights a priority in those countries striving to improve freedom of expression and press freedom to join the European Union.

“Although countries cannot copy and paste their experiences, we believe we can create a strong network of countries that can learn from each other. This will give journalists more confidence to defend their rights,” Koksal expressed.

A second meeting between LAREG South East European journalists is scheduled in October 2016 and a regional workshop later in November.


Building Trust in media in South East Europe and Turkey

The UNESCO- EFJ project “Building Trust in media in South East Europe and Turkey” is funded by the European Union. The project supports media freedom and media integrity in the EU enlargement countries by improving the internal governance of media organizations through the implementation of internal rules and good practices that recognize human rights and labour standards.

The project builds on previous cooperation between the European Union and UNESCO supporting the creation and strengthening of voluntary media self-regulation mechanisms such as press councils or news ombudsmen. Namely, Alignment to International Standards in the Media Sector in South East European countries, implemented by UNESCO from 2009 to 2011, and the project Media Accountability in South East Europe and Turkey, implemented from 2013 to 2015.

L’UNESCO et la Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples s’unissent pour lutter contre l’impunité des crimes contre les journalistes

Actualités - Mon, 05/09/2016 - 12:18

L’UNESCO et la Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples organisent un dialogue inter-régional le 10 septembre prochain à Arusha (Tanzanie) afin de sensibiliser les professionnels du droit en Afrique et de renforcer leur capacité dans les domaines de la liberté d’expression, de la sécurité des journalistes, et les sensibiliser aux moyens existant pour mettre fin à l'impunité et à la nécessité de dépénaliser la diffamation.


La protection légale des journalistes dans l’exercice de leur profession est une condition préalable importante à la liberté d’expression, explique Frank La Rue, Sous-Directeur général de l’UNESCO pour la communication et l’information. « Tant que les journalistes risquent d'être menacés, détenus arbitrairement ou tués parce qu’ils informent le public, la liberté d'expression sera restreinte et la société ne sera pas en mesure d’effectuer des choix éclairés », explique-t-il.


« Les mécanismes judiciaires et quasi judiciaires liés aux droits de l’homme en Afrique, tels que la Cour africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples et la Commission africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples, jouent un rôle essentiel dans le développement de l’Etat de droit en Afrique, notamment pour ce qui est du respect de la liberté d'expression, de la sécurité des journalistes et de la fin de l'impunité », déclare Faith Pansy Tlakula, Présidente et Rapporteur spécial sur la liberté d’expression et l’accès à l’information en Afrique, qui interviendra au cours du séminaire.


A ce jour, seuls 30 Etats font partie de la Cour africaine sur les 54 que compte le continent africain. Seuls sept pays permettent à leurs citoyens de présenter des cas directement devant la Cour africaine. L’événement vise donc aussi à encourager davantage de pays africains à ratifier le Protocole de la Cour afin de devenir partie intégrante de l'organe judiciaire régional.


Des avocats, des juges, des professeurs de droits, des fonctionnaires des ministères de la justice de plusieurs pays africains ainsi que des représentants d'organisations non gouvernementales et intergouvernementales qui défendent la liberté d'expression prendront part au séminaire. Augustino Ramadhani, Président sortant de la Cour africaine, prononcera le discours d'ouverture de cet événement qui se composera de trois sessions développant les sujets suivants : la jurisprudence africaine et les standards internationaux, la capacité des acteurs judiciaires au niveau national et le Protocole et la Déclaration de la Cour africaine.


Cet événement est organisé en préparation de la Journée internationale de la fin de l’impunité pour les crimes commis contre les journalistes, commémorée le 2 novembre.


Pour plus d’information


Le séminaire se tiendra de 9 heures à 18 heures à l’hôtel Mont Meru

Kanisa Rd, Arusha, Tanzanie.


Les journalistes souhaitant participer doivent être munis de leur accréditation.

Contacts : Mehdi Benchelah: m.benchelah@unesco.org. Tél.: +33 (0) 1 45 68 14 49


Sukhdev Chhatbar: SChatbar@african-court.org

Tél: +255-732-979 506


UNESCO and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights partner to fight impunity for crimes against journalists

News - Mon, 05/09/2016 - 10:36

UNESCO and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights will host an inter-regional dialogue in Arusha, Tanzania, on 10 September to raise awareness and help reinforce capacity building of law professionals in Africa regarding freedom of expression, the safety of journalists, ways to ending impunity and the need to decriminalize defamation.

Legal protection for journalists in the exercise of their profession is an important prerequisite for freedom of expression, explains Frank La Rue, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, because, “as long as journalists are at risk of being threatened, arbitrarily detained or killed for informing the public, freedom of expression will be curtailed and society’s ability to make informed choices limited.”

“Judicial and quasi-judicial human rights mechanisms in Africa, such as the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, play an essential role to foster the rule of law in Africa, and notably for the respect of freedom of expression, safety of journalists and the end of impunity”, said Faith Pansy Tlakula, Chairperson and Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Africa, who will speak at the Seminar.

But today, only 30 of Africa’s 54 States are part of the Court and only seven countries allow their citizens to bring cases directly to it. The event in Arusha also aims to encourage more African countries to ratify the Court’s Protocol so as to become part of the regional judicial body.

African lawyers, judges, law professors, justice ministry personnel from several countries, as well as representatives of non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations defending freedom of expression will take part in the seminar. Augustino Ramadhani, outgoing President of the African Court will give a keynote speech at the opening of the event, which will consist of three different sessions on the following subjects: African jurisprudence and international standards, The capacity of judicial actors at the national level, The Protocol and Declaration of the African Court

The event is held in preparation of this year’s International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists, which will be observed on 2 November.


More information

The seminar will take place from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the Mount Meru Hotel, Kanisa Rd, Arusha, Tanzania.

Journalists wishing to assist need accreditation.

Frank La Rue: The world's documentary heritage belongs to all

News - Fri, 02/09/2016 - 18:49
Frank La Rue, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, was interviewed by Yonhap News Agency on the eve of the Jikji Korea festival, which stated on 1 September in the city of Cheongju, Republic of Korea. This international event is dedicated to Jikji, the world's oldest book, printed by movable metal type in 1377, which is inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register.

Iberarchivos - Programa de Apoyo al Desarrollo de los Archivos Iberoamericanos gana el premio UNESCO/Jikji Memoria del Mundo 2016

Noticias - Fri, 02/09/2016 - 12:30

Frank La Rue, Subdirector General de Comunicación e Información de la UNESCO, valoró la contribución a la preservación del patrimonio documental que representa Iberarchivos, que recibirá 30.000 dólares de premio a raíz de la recomendación de la mesa del Comité Consultivo Internacional del Programa Memoria del Mundo de la UNESCO.

“Hoy honramos la innovación y el liderazgo de quienes trabajan, a menudo de manera invisible y con dificultades considerables, para salvaguardar el patrimonio documental de sus ciudades y comunidades. La creatividad y la determinación de nuestros ganadores son fuente de inspiración para todos nosotros”, declaró La Rue.

Iberachivos, ganador del premio en su sexta edición, fue reconocido por sus resultados excepcionales en la preservación y diseminación del patrimonio documental de Iberoamérica. Creado en un 1998 como iniciativa de cooperación e integración de los países iberoamericanos para promover el acceso, la organización, la descripción, la conservación y la diseminación del patrimonio documental que contribuye a consolidar el espacio cultural iberoamericano, se ha convertido en el principal programa regional de cooperación en materia archivística.

El programa ha fortalecido también los vínculos entre profesionales de la región y ha contribuido a su formación profesional. Entre las colecciones promovidas figuran archivos nacionales y municipales, así como registros relacionados con los derechos humanos y las poblaciones indígenas. 16 países participan en el proyecto: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, España, México, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, Portugal, Puerto Rico, República Dominicana y Uruguay.

La ceremonia de entrega del premio se celebró en el Museo de las Primeras Imprentas de Cheongju, situado en el templo Heungdeoksa. Allí se imprimió el Jikji, primer libro de la historia impreso en tipos móviles de metal, en 1377, 78 años antes que la Biblia de Gutenberg. Ello demuestra las técnicas avanzadas de imprenta y la floreciente cultura de edición que existían en Corea en la última etapa de la dinastía goryeo.

Frank La Rue subrayó en su intervención la exitosa colaboración entre la UNESCO y la ciudad de Cheongju, que cada dos años premia a proyectos de preservación y promoción de patrimonio documental. La Rue agradeció también la colaboración de las autoridades coreanas.

El premio UNESCO Jikji/Memoria del Mundo se creó en 2004 para conmemorar la inscripción del Jikji en el Registro de la Memoria del Mundo. Financiado por la República de Corea, recompensa cada dos años a individuos o instituciones que hayan contribuido de manera significativa a la preservación y la accesibilidad del patrimonio documental. El premio promueve los objetivos del Programa Memoria del Mundo: preservar el patrimonio documental como plataforma de diálogo, respeto mutuo y entendimiento entre los pueblos y sociedades para fortalecer la cooperación y la paz; y garantizar su accesibilidad como patrimonio común de toda la humanidad.


Contacto: Roni Amelan. Servicio de prensa de la UNESCO. +3 1 45 68 1650. r.amelan(at)unesco.org

Le Prix UNESCO/Jikji Mémoire du monde 2016 décerné au Programme de soutien au développement des archives ibéro-américaines

Actualités - Fri, 02/09/2016 - 12:11

Frank La Rue, Sous-Directeur général de l’UNESCO pour la communication et l’information, a souligné la contribution exceptionnelle d’Iberarchivos à la préservation du patrimoine documentaire. Le programme a reçu le prix doté d’un montant de 30 000 dollars sur recommandation du Bureau du Comité consultatif international du Programme Mémoire du monde.


« Aujourd’hui, nous rendons hommage à l’innovation et au leadership de ceux qui travaillent, souvent dans l’ombre et contre vents et marées, pour sauvegarder le patrimoine documentaire dans leurs villes et communautés. La créativité et la détermination des lauréats récompensés aujourd’hui est une source d’inspiration pour nous tous », a déclaré Frank La Rue.


Iberarchivos est le lauréat de la 6ème édition du Prix UNESCO/Jikji Mémoire du monde. Il est récompensé pour sa réussite exceptionnelle dans le domaine de la préservation et de l’accessibilité du patrimoine documentaire ibéro-américain.


Iberarchivos a été créé en 1998 pour soutenir la coopération et l’intégration au sein des pays ibéro-américains, afin de promouvoir l’accès, l’organisation, la description, la conservation et la diffusion du patrimoine documentaire qui contribue à la consolidation de l’espace culturel ibéro-américain. Il est devenu le principal programme de coopération relatif aux archives dans la région.


Le programme a resserré les liens entre les professionnels de la région et contribué à renforcer leurs compétences. Il a également assuré la promotion d’un large éventail d’archives ibéro-américaines, comme les archives nationales et municipales ou encore les archives des organisations de défense des droits de l’homme et des peuples indigènes. Iberarchivos travaille avec 16 pays : Argentine, Brésil, Chili, Colombie, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexique, Panama, Paraguay, Pérou, Philippines, Portugal, Porto Rico, Espagne, République dominicaine et Uruguay.


La cérémonie de cette année a été organisée symboliquement au Musée des débuts de l’impimerie de Cheongju, situé sur le site du temple Heungdeoksa. C’est là que le Jikji, le premier livre imprimé avec des caractères métalliques mobiles, a été publié en 1377, 78 ans avant la Bible de Gutenberg. Cette publication témoigne de la technologie avancée d’impression et de l’édition florissante de la dynastie Goryeo en Corée.


Dans le discours qu’il a prononcé lors de la cérémonie de remise du prix, Frank La Rue a insisté sur la réussite du partenariat entre l’UNESCO et la ville de Cheongju, qui récompense tous les deux ans des projets exceptionnels pour la préservation et la promotion du patrimoine documentaire rare et unique. Frank La Rue a également remercié les autorités coréennes pour leur soutien indéfectible.


Le Prix UNESCO/Jikji Mémoire du monde, premier et seul prix dans le domaine du patrimoine documentaire, a été mis en place par l’UNESCO en 2004 pour commémorer l’inscription du Jikji au Registre de la Mémoire du monde. Financé par la République de Corée, le prix est décerné tous les deux ans à des personnes ou des institutions ayant contribué de manière significative à la préservation et accessibilité du patrimoine documentaire. Le Prix Jikji vise à promouvoir les objectifs du Programme mémoire du monde qui consistent à préserver le patrimoine documentaire mondial pour contribuer au dialogue, au respect mutuel et à l’entente entre les peuples et les sociétés, afin de renforcer la coopération et la paix et garantir l’accessibilité de ce patrimoine commun de l’humanité.




Contact : Roni Amelan, Service de presse de l’UNESCO, +33 (0) 1 45 68 16 50, r.amelan@unesco.org


2016 UNESCO/Jikji Memory of the World Prize awarded to Iberarchivos Programme

News - Fri, 02/09/2016 - 11:40

Frank La Rue, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information recognized the outstanding contribution to documentary heritage preservation of Iberarchivos, which was rewarded with the US$30,000 Prize on the recommendation of the Bureau of the Memory of the World Programme’s International Advisory Committee.

“Today we honour the innovation and leadership of those working, often below the radar and against significant odds, to safeguard documentary heritage in their cities and communities. The creativity and determination of today’s award winners are inspirational for all of us,” said Mr La Rue.

Iberarchivos is the laureate of the 6th edition of the UNESCO/Jikji Memory of the World Prize. It is recognized for its outstanding achievement in the area of preservation and accessibility of Ibero-America's documentary heritage.

Iberarchivos was established in 1998 as an initiative for cooperation and integration among Ibero-American countries to promote access, organization, description, conservation and dissemination of the documentary heritage that contributes to the consolidation of the Ibero-American cultural space. It has since become the main cooperation programme for archives in the region.

The programme has strengthened links among professionals in the region and helped boost their capacities. It has also promoted a wide range of different types of Ibero-American archives, including national and municipal archives as well as those of human rights institutions and indigenous peoples, for example. Iberarchivos works with 16 countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Spain, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay.

This year’s ceremony was symbolically held at the Cheongju Early Printing Museum, located on the site of Heungdeoksa Temple. This is where Jikji, the first book ever printed with movable metal type, was published in 1377, 78 years before the Gutenberg Bible, demonstrating the advanced printing technology and flourishing publishing culture of the late Goryeo Dynasty in Korea.

In his congratulatory remarks at the Prize award ceremony, Frank La Rue stressed the successful partnership between UNESCO and the city of Cheongju, which every two years distinguishes outstanding projects for the preservation and promotion of unique and rare documentary heritage. Mr La Rue also expressed his gratitude to the Korean authorities for their continued support.

The UNESCO/Jikji Memory of World Prize, the first and only prize in the field of documentary heritage, was established by UNESCO in 2004 to commemorate the inscription of Jikji on the Memory of World Register. Funded by the Republic of Korea, the Prize is awarded every two years to individuals or institutions that have made a significant contribution to the preservation and accessibility of the documentary heritage. As such, the Jikji Prize promotes the objectives of the Memory of the World Programme to preserve the world’s documentary heritage as a platform for dialogue, mutual respect and understanding among peoples and between societies, in order to strengthen the ground for cooperation and peace, and to ensure its wide accessibility as a common heritage of humanity.


Contact: Roni Amelan, UNESCO Media Services, r.amelan(at)unesco.org, +33(0)145681650

UNESCO publishes report on safety of Journalists in Nepal

News - Fri, 02/09/2016 - 11:00

The study finds that there is significant decrease in reported cases of violence and threats against journalists in recent years, and stakeholders widely consider that the security situation of journalists in terms of physical safety has improved.

However, one journalist killing took place in 2015, and many cases of threats against journalists go unreported. Journalists perceive that they are prone to be victimised by both State and non-State actors, and the prolonged political transition has further complicated their security situation.

Impunity has been very serious concern of the stakeholders, as prompt, independent and efficient investigations of crimes against journalists have not been ensured. The faith of journalists in State agencies including the criminal and civil justice system is diminishing.

Moreover, journalists are in highly vulnerable condition. Nearly half of the journalists do not have any appointment letter or contract from their employers, and the journalism profession in Nepal is characterized by low wages, irregular payments, poor working conditions, as well as declining credibility among the public. Women journalists, already a small minority within the profession, are in an even more vulnerable position than their male colleagues, faced with problems like exclusion and harassment.

Though journalists’ safety is becoming an agenda of national interest, a common understanding of the stakeholders on the issue, as well as a national strategy to identify targets and role-players responsible for journalist safety issues, are still lacking.

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has the legal authority to protect human rights, including instances of freedom expression violations. It can conduct investigations and recommend action. However, the role of NHRC is yet to be effective for the promotion of journalists’ safety, the Study finds.

Various local stakeholders have already been collaborating on safety issues in various respects. Especially through UNESCO, the UN system within Nepal has been playing a significant role to monitor and share information about journalists’ safety issues, though there is room for improvement. For instance, the project ‘Increasing the Safety for Journalists’ supported by the United Nations Peace Fund (UNPF) has contributed significantly.

A number of international organisations such as International Media Support are also working in Nepal to promote safety issues in the country. The organisations have been supporting local efforts to promote safety.

The study was conducted by SODEC-Nepal, in consultation with UNESCO. This activity was funded by UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Programme on Development of Communication (IPDC) which is a multilateral forum which promotes a healthy environment for the growth of free and pluralistic media in developing countries.  

The report was developed through a multi-stakeholder engagement and consultation process that included a media stakeholders meeting held on 20 February 2015, and a second consultation meeting on 9 June 2015. A peer review exercise of the study was also carried out before its publication.

The UNESCO’s Journalists' Safety Indicators are developed within the context of the endorsement of the UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. The research instrument pinpoints significant matters that impact upon the safety of journalists and the issue of impunity, providing a baseline of knowledge against which progress can be assessed.  

To download the publication in PDF format please click here.


Subscribe to Communication and Information aggregator