UNESCO welcomes perspectives from any academic discipline, illuminating various aspects of the theme in diverse societal contexts. The killing, harassment and intimidation of journalists not only constitute violations against the targeted individuals and their families, but also restrict the flow of information and ideas directly and indirectly, by creating a climate of fear and self-censorship.
Abstracts in English of up to 300 words must be submitted by 9 January 2017 via the academic conference’s website.
The conference considers the theme of journalists’ safety holistically. The conference will cover preventive, protective and pre-emptive measures; it will include combating impunity as well as promoting a social culture that prizes press freedom and is tolerant of different viewpoints. We welcome contributions from any disciplinary perspective and scholarly approach, from quantitative or qualitative empirical studies to conceptual explorations of the theme.
Studies could focus, for example, on rights and legal issues; socio-political contexts; institutional and professional practices; and public attitudes. For the 2017 conference, we are particularly (but not exclusively) interested in scholarship that examines:
- how a culture of intolerance intimidates journalists and other commentators;
- threats from the ground from state and non-state actors including the public;
- the effectiveness of existing training and other programmes addressing journalists’ safety and impunity;
- journalists’ safety and impunity from a comparative, multi-country perspective;
- “meta” questions of how to frame research into the safety of journalists.
For a more comprehensive list of potential research topics, please refer to UNESCO’s Research Agenda on journalists’ safety as well as the 2016 UNESCO Academic Research Conference on Safety of Journalists in Helsinki, Finland.
To ensure diverse participation and in collaboration with Hong Kong Baptist University, a limited number of partial/full sponsorship is available covering flights and hotel accommodation, with priority given to academics based in the Global South. Most meals will be provided. No registration fee will be charged. Please refer to the academic conference’s website for more information concerning travel support.
Participants of the academic conference are expected to arrive in Jakarta no later than 2 May 2017 (Tuesday) and depart no earlier than late evening of 4 May 2017 (Thursday).
Participants of the academic conference will be joining some aspects of the main celebration of World Press Freedom Day including the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize Gala Dinner on 3 May 2017. For security and logistical reasons, all participants (academic conference and main event) MUST register via the dedicated WPFD 2017 website.
Details including WPFD 2017 main event’s agenda, practical information of the conference venue, and hotel accommodation will be made available on the official WPFD 2017 website as we move closer to the date.
La Directrice générale demande une enquête sur le meurtre du journaliste Jesús Adrián Rodríguez Samaniego au Mexique
La Directora General pide una investigación urgente del asesinato del periodista Jesús Adrián Rodríguez Samaniego
Director-General urges safer conditions for media workers following confirmation of the death of two Syrian journalists
Director-General urges investigation into killing of journalist Jesús Adrián Rodríguez Samaniego in Mexico
Du 7 au 18 novembre 2016, la plateforme Radio Climat soutenue par l’UNESCO a accueilli plus de 150 invités et a diffusé en direct pendant plus de 90 heures, dont 7 heures de couverture sans interruption et en direct de la « Marche pour le climat » le 13 novembre. Plus de 200 reportages furent produits, ainsi que 48 bulletins de nouvelles.
Les productions de Radio Climat ont été transmises en ligne sur http://climateradio.net/ et partagées dans les Creative Commons (CC-BY-NC) pour rediffusion par des radios communautaires dans plus de 18 autres pays dont le Mali, la Jordanie, le Sénégal, la Tunisie, l’Ouganda, ainsi que le Canada, les Etats-Unis, la France, et le Mexique. La radio a également diffusé localement sur 100.1 FM, ciblant plus de cinquante mille délégués de la COP22 ainsi que les résidents de la région Marrakesh-Tensfit-El Haouz, et faisant de Radio Climat la première radio sur fréquence FM au Maroc à être dirigée de manière associative.
L’équipe de dix-huit jeunes producteurs de radio d’organisations de la société civile d’Algérie, Angola, Cameroun, Jordanie, Israël, Maroc, Palestine, Rwanda et Tunisie ont été sélectionnés dans le respect de l’équilibre de genre à travers un appel ouvert. Ils ont été formés sur la base d’outils de l’UNESCO tels que Le changement climatique en Afrique : Guide à l'intention des journalistes.. Une enquête globale sur les besoins éditoriaux de la radio communautaire a été engagée avant que la production débute.
Une des productrices de Radio Climat, Mme Leyla Mutebi, de l’Ouganda, a dit : « La COP22 m’a donné l’opportunité d’élargir mes connaissances sur les causes, effets et mesures d’adaptations adoptées pour combattre le changement climatique. » Mme Mutebi a poursuivi en expliquant que « C’était une opportunité très stimulante en tant que journaliste, de couvrir un événement mondial où j’ai effectué plusieurs interviews avec des personnalités de haut rang comme Irina Bokova, Directrice Générale de l’UNESCO, l’ambassadrice Dessima Williams, Conseillère Spéciale du Président de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies pour la réalisation des Objectifs du Développement Durable, Lakshmi Puri, Directrice exécutive adjoine de ONU Femmes, entre autres. »
Radio Climat a aussi cherché à faire progresser l’objectif 16 des Objectifs du Développement Durable (ODD), en particulier sa cible 10 (Garantir l’accès public à l’information et protéger les libertés fondamentales). En s’appuyant sur le mandat et l’expertise de l’UNESCO, Radio Climat contribue à faire face au changement climatique et à questionner le rôle des médias communautaires dans la mise en place de plateformes pour la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse.
Radio Climat était coordonnée par l’Association mondiale des radiodiffuseurs communautaires (AMARC), en partenariat avec le Forum des Alternatives Maroc (FMAS), avec le financement et le soutien du bureau de l’UNESCO à Rabat dans le cadre du programme Réseaux de la Jeunesse Méditerranéenne (NET-MED Youth), financé par l’Union Européenne et par l’Agence de la coopération suédoise pour le développement international (SIDA). Cette initiative a été développée en partenariat avec le comité de coordination de société civile COP22.
Pour plus d’information à propos de COP22, visitez Participation de l’ UNESCO à la COP22 et le site web de la COP22.
From 7 to 18 November 2016, UNESCO-supported Climate Radio had more than 150 guests and broadcasted live for more than 90 hours, including a 7-hour non-stop live coverage of the “Walk for Climate” on 13 November. More than 200 news reports and 48 news bulletins were produced.
Climate Radio productions were streamed online on climateradio.net and shared in Creative Commons (CC-BY-NC) for rebroadcasting by community radios in at least 18 other countries including Canada, France, Jordan, Mali, Mexico, Senegal, Tunisia, Uganda and USA. The radio also broadcasted locally on 100.1 FM, targeting the 50k+ COP22 delegates as well as the residents of the Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz region, making Climate Radio the first community-run radio on an FM frequency in Morocco.
The team of eighteen young CSO radio producers from Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Jordan, Israel, Morocco, Palestine, Rwanda and Tunisia were selected respecting gender balance through an open call. They were trained on the basis of UNESCO’s tools such as Climate Change in Africa: A Guidebook for Journalists, and Teaching Journalism for Sustainable Development. A global enquiry on community radios’ editorial needs was undertaken before the production started.
“COP22 gave me the opportunity to broaden my knowledge on the causes, effects and adaptation measures taken to combat climate change,” said Ms. Leyla Mutebi, one of the Climate Radio producers from Uganda. “This was a very exciting opportunity for me as a journalist to report at a global event where I conducted a number of interviews with high profile people like Ms Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General; Ambassador Dessima Williams, Special Advisor of the President of the UN General Assembly for Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals; Mrs. Lakshmi Puri, Deputy Executive Director of UN-Women; among others.”
Climate Radio also sought to advance Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly its target 10 (i.e. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms). Based on UNESCO’s mandate and expertise, Climate Radio contributes to addressing climate change and the role of community media in setting platforms for freedom of expression and freedom of the press.
Climate Radio was coordinated by the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC), in partnership with the Forum des Alternatives Maroc (FMAS), with funding and support from the UNESCO Office in Rabat in the framework of the Networks of Mediterranean Youth (NET-MED Youth) project funded by the European Union and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). The initiative was developed in partnership with the Civil Society COP22 coordinating committee.
Describing the new study, "Human Rights and Encryption”, one of the co-authors Prof Wolfgang Schulz said: "Encryption impacts both freedom of expression and privacy; encryption and anonymity empowers journalists to browse, read, develop and share opinions and information without interference". He cautioned against restrictions put on encryption on the basis of theoretical speculation of risks, rather than evidence.
The research was authored by Schulz and Joris van Hoboken, with financial support by Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
Mr Guy Berger, UNESCO Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development explained that the publication was conducted in the context of UNESCO's endorsement of Connecting the Dots Outcome document that “recognizes the role that anonymity and encryption can play as enablers of privacy protection and freedom of expression, and facilitates dialogue on these issues”.
In his presentation, Prof Schulz pointed out that encryption, as topical issue in the current global discussion on Internet governance, plays a key role in protecting freedom of expression, privacy and other human rights online. He said that on the issue of encryption, there is no tension between freedom of speech and protection of privacy.
The study urges the use of smart technologies to make encryption as convenient as possible, on the basis that this would support privacy and freedom of expression, including special protection measures for journalists, media actors and vulnerable users such as women and girls and minorities.
The research further recommends that governments should include human rights aspects into their encryption policy and provide transparency. It also suggests that privacy protection should not just rest on the users making use of cryptographic technologies, and that communicating the risks and spreading knowledge on the technologies should be a part of a national policy.
Other panellists at the session suggested that encryption should not be examined in isolation but considered in a broad and holistic strategy of protecting digital security for journalists and other communities.
It was also suggested that media outlets and Internet intermediaries should take more responsibility of developing and deploying digital security protocols and measures.
Speaker Marc Rotenberg shared his vision that encryption is no longer just about privacy but also about security in a world of Internet of Things; devices like cell phones do not contain simply private messages but keys that unlock data in remote servers, doors on cars and home.
He acknowledged that strong encryption could inhibit law enforcement from accessing digital content on a mobile phone, but said the greater benefit was to protect the much greater number of people whose phones were stolen.
The workshop was attended by above 60 participants who shared their concerns over encryption from the different aspects of governments, technical community, private sector and civil society.
This was UNESCO’s key message during the Asian Forum for Deans of Journalism and Communication held from 30 to 1 December in Shanghai, China.
Organised by Shanghai International Studies University (SISU) with support from the State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China, the forum brought together over 100 Asian professors of journalism and communication, in addition to scores of Chinese participants.
In his keynote address, Fackson Banda, representing UNESCO as a programme specialist responsible for journalism education, observed that new media could facilitate the implementation of each of the three dimensions of pedagogical excellence, adding that it was for this reason that project support by UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) included a focus on how new media could be enlisted in effective delivery of journalism courses.
He stressed: “For this reason, the use of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in our IPDC projects has become an important feature of such technological innovation, encouraging unlimited participation and open access via the web.”
Speaking earlier, Feng Qinghua, Vice-President of Shanghai International Studies University, highlighted the importance of Asian and other alternative approaches towards journalism education, emphasising that the rapid uptake of new media in Asia presented a need for new pedagogies.
UNESCO was invited to the forum as a champion of the Global Initiative for Excellence in Journalism Education which, Banda explained in his keynote address, was a vehicle for expressing UNESCO’s vision of quality journalism education as an important measure of the overall quality of citizenship and society at large.
The forum was aimed at engaging leading Asian scholars in constructive dialogue to respond to the opportunities and challenges created by the new media and to bring out fresh insights into the function and development of Asian journalism and communication and the advancement of the Asian Community in the new media environment.
UNESCO triggered debates on social media and youth radicalization in the digital age at 11th IGF in Mexico
The workshop, attended by above 80 participants, was moderated by Indrajit Banerjee, UNESCO Director for Knowledge Societies. He shared the outcome of UNESCO's Conference “Internet and the Radicalization of Youth: Preventing, Acting and Living Together”, held in Quebec City, Canada, from 30 October to 1 November 2016.
The Director said the “Call of Quebec” outcome document urged stakeholders to question radicalization narratives online, and to respond through counter-narratives and education that emphasizes critical thinking, tolerance and respect for human rights.
Guy Berger, UNESCO Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development, pointed out the complexity of the issue of media and radicalization and presented initial findings from UNESCO's ongoing research on social media and radicalization.
The research has taken an evidence-based approach through an extensive review of diverse studies across multiple languages and regions.
It finds there is still little theorization of those complex issues of extremism, terrorism and radicalization. There is also no scientific evidence of clear causal connections between what happens on social media and the radicalization process, and the role of Internet is more of a facilitator rather than a driver of the radicalization process.
The research calls for a global dialogue based on a multi-stakeholder approach and a holistic solution which goes beyond protective responses like blocking and filtering of content, and focus on empowering young people both online and offline.
In the next six months, the research will be finalized and published.
Sofia Rasgado, from the Council of Europe, shared the good practice of a Portuguese campaign to decrease hate speech, cyber bullying and cyber hate, based on human rights education, youth participation and media literacy. Google’s William Hudson argued that content take-down and censorship are insufficient to combat radicalization, and he presented Google's ongoing counter-speech efforts to build a platform for true solidarity and understanding.
Barbora Bukovska, from Article 19, expressed her concern that the lack of definition of the concept of radicalization could lead to violations of human rights. She welcomed UNESCO’s promotion of positive policy measures, including various counter-speech methods, arguing that these are a more effective tool to fight the underlying social causes leading to radicalization.
From Ranking Digital Rights, Rebecca MacKinnon alerted that civil society is often under dual attack by governments and extremist groups, and pleaded that the protection of human rights online and offline and the defense of civil society and independent journalists are crucial to solve the problem of radicalization in the long run.
Participants raised a number of questions related to criminalization of hate speech, freedom of religious expression, balancing rights, personalized content, etc.
A common theme was that all stakeholders need to critically assess the problem of youth radicalization and join their efforts to invest in holistic and effective solutions that take consideration of human rights implications and gender issues, and which take counter-measures and youth empowerment actions.