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Campana de Información del virus Zika: Mejorar la cobertura mediática sobre el virus y otras crisis y epidemias

Noticias - Wed, 03/08/2016 - 15:41

Es parte de la iniciativa de la UNESCO el garantizar los principios básicos de los medios de comunicación, como el pluralismo de las fuentes de información, o la independencia editorial, y la imparcialidad, así como el acceso a la información en los tiempos de crisis y emergencia. De esta manera, se podrá multiplicar la eficacia de los planes de prevención y acción en estas situaciones.

Se evidencia, por tanto, la necesidad de un pluralismo en los medios de comunicación, donde destaca el poder de la radio: su proximidad a la población y la facilidad con que las informaciones son retransmitidas en tiempo real. Además, en las situaciones de crisis y emergencia, la radio representa expresamente un medio importante tanto para alcanzar comunidades remotas y sectores de la población vulnerables, así como para difundir eficazmente mensajes de prevención, como fue destacado durante la celebración del Día Mundial de la Radio, el día 13 de febrero 2016.

Para contribuir en la lucha contra Zika, la UNESCO ha movilizado varios de sus asociados de diversas emisoras de radio de la región latinoamericana y caribeña. Diversos anuncios radiofónicos de carácter informativo y preventivo contra la expansión del virus han sido producidos con la colaboración de la Federación Internacional de Cruz Roja y las Asociaciones de la Media Luna Roja (IFRC) y la Organización Mundial de la Salud (WHO) en las 4 lenguas de la región LAC (inglés, francés, portugués y español), y difundidos por sus emisoras asociadas.

A través de la provisión de importantes recursos emisoras públicas, privadas y comunitarias, la UNESCO ha sido capaz de informar eficazmente sobre los riesgos asociados con el virus y promover de dicha forma comportamientos preventivos.

Las principales redes y organizaciones internacionales - como la Asociación Internacional de Radiodifusión (AIR-IAB), la Unión de Radiodifusión del Caribe (CBU), la Radio France Internationale (RFI) y la Asociación Mundial de Radios Comunitarias (AMARC) entre otros - han anunciado, distribuido y difundido diversos anuncios radiofónicos. Cada Comisión Nacional de la UNESCO procedente de los diferentes estados miembros de la región latinoamericana y caribeña también estuvieron implicados, con un total de 36 países implicados. En total, 789 estaciones de radio procedentes de toda la región se unieron a la campaña.

La campaña contra el virus Zika ha sido distribuida por la Oficina Central de la Asociación Internacional de Locutores a todos los miembros institucionales e individuales de 18 países de las tres Américas, incluyendo más de 17,000 emisoras de radio. Tras esta acción, se han recibido numerosas respuestas positivas de varias estaciones de radios entre las cuales se encuentran la Asociación Nacional de Radio en Uruguay, Brasil, Paraguay, Panamá, Perú, Costa Rica y El Salvador.

El mismo éxito ha obtenido la Asociación Mundial de Radios Comunitarias (AMARC), ya que más de 280 de sus emisoras de radio asociadas han difundido los mensajes de radio preventivos en sus respectivas comunidades locales. Paralelamente, la Radio Internacional de Francia (RFI), quien mantiene estrechos lazos con más de 2,000 estaciones en la región, ha anunciado y distribuido igualmente el contenido desarrollado por la UNESCO.

En Brasil, dónde la epidemia del virus Zika es particularmente virulenta, la Agência Radioweb Brasil - una plataforma de radio por internet- ofrece oficialmente y pone a disposición de los oyentes los diferentes anuncios radiofónicos en su página inicial. Estos últimos han sido descargados y difundidos por cerca de 450 radioemisoras en el país, cubriendo así 394 ciudades y una audiencia potencial de 53,6 millones de personas (ver el mapa).

La campaña permitió a las emisoras locales acceder a contenidos que incluían medidas de prevención científicamente exactas, objetivas y de calidad. Se doto a la población de información fiable sobre el virus, sus modos de transmisión, así como de medidas concretas y simples para protegerse de él. Los anuncios se emitieron en las franjas horarias escogidas estratégicamente durante todo el día por las estaciones de radio privadas, públicas y asociadas para garantizar la máxima cobertura de la información.

Agradecimiento: Esta exitosa campaña ha sido posible gracias al importante apoyo y participación de nuestras redes radiofónicas asociadas (AMARC, AIR-IAB, la Alianza de Pública de los Medios de Comunicación, CBU) quienes anunciaron y compartieron con entusiasmo los anuncios radiofónicos con todos sus miembros y compañeros de América Latina y la región caribeña. También nos gustaría agradecer enormemente la cooperación y ayuda por parte de la Radio France Internacionale (RFI) por la difusión de la campaña contra el virus Zika de sus emisoras de radio regionales. Expresamos nuestra gratitud sincera a su vez a nuestros compañeros de las Delegaciones y Comisiones Nacionales de la UNESCO de la región LAC por su cooperación y comunicación con sus correspondientes gobiernos y ministerios en la promoción de nuestro proyecto. De igual forma, agradecemos a la Federación Internacional de la Cruz Roja y la Organización Mundial de la Salud su voluntad de compartir con todos los participantes en este proyecto informaciones y sus experiencias para ayudarnos a desarrollar diferentes acciones y técnicas de prevención con importantes y útiles informaciones acerca del virus Zika.

Zika information campaign: Improving media coverage on the virus, epidemics and crisis

News - Wed, 03/08/2016 - 15:23

It is part of UNESCO’s initiative to guarantee media’s principles, such as pluralism of sources and content, editorial independence, impartiality as well as access to information even in times of epidemics and crisis. This will actually also multiply the effectiveness of disaster-preparation and disaster-relief plans. In this regard, media pluralism is essential as it provides diverse platforms for communication. In particular, the power of radio: its proximity to the population and its ease of access to information in real time, provide a unique opportunity to reach the largest audience in the world in the shortest possible time. In situations of crisis and emergency, radio is specifically suited to reach remote communities and vulnerable people and to effectively disseminate prevention messages, as highlighted during the celebrations of World Radio Day 2016 – last 13th of February.

To contribute to the fight against Zika, UNESCO mobilized its partners’ radio network all across the Latin American and Caribbean region. Informative and preventive radio spots against the spread of the virus were produced in collaboration with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The spots available in the 4 languages of the LAC region (English, French, Portuguese and Spanish) were distributed to UNESCO’s broadcasting partners all over the Latin America and Caribbean region. By providing valuable resources to public, private and community radio stations, UNESCO communicated on the risks associated with the virus and promoted healthy behaviors among the populations in afflicted areas.

Leading international broadcasting networks and organizations - such as the International Association of Broadcasters (AIR-IAB), the Caribbean Broadcasters Union (CBU), Radio France Internationale (RFI) and the World Association of Community Broadcasters (AMARC) among others - have advertised, distributed and broadcasted the spots. UNESCO Member States’ National Commission from the Latin American and Caribbean region were also involved. In total, 789 radio stations joined the campaign throughout the whole region.

The radio spots against Zika virus were actually distributed from International Association of Broadcasters Central Office to all institutional and individual members in 18 countries of the three Americas, representing over 17,000 radio stations. They have received positive responses from a large number of stations that make up the National Association of Broadcasters in Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Panama, Peru, Costa Rica and El Salvador. Same success for the World Association of Community Broadcasters (AMARC), over 280 of their partner radio stations have broadcasted the preventive radio messages in their local community. Radio France Internationale (RFI) who possesses strong ties with over 2,000 stations in the region has likewise advertised and distributed the UNESCO audio files.

In Brazil, where the Zika epidemic is particularly virulent, Agência Radioweb Brazil – an online radio plateform – has uploaded the spots on its homepage. They were downloaded and broadcasted by about 450 radio stations in the country, covering 394 cities with a total potential audience of 53,6 million people (see the map).

The campaign allowed local broadcasters to access quality and scientifically accurate preventive content free of any charge. Their audience were empowered with reliable information about the virus, its transmission modes, as well as concrete and simple means to protect themselves from it. The short spots were broadcasted during prime time slots throughout the day by private, public and associative radio stations to ensure maximum coverage.

Acknowledgments: This successful campaign was made possible thanks to the strong support and involvement from our partner broadcasting networks (AMARC, AIR-IAB, Public Media Alliance, CBU) who advertised and shared the spots to all their members and partners across the Latin America and Caribbean region. We also would like to extend our thanks to Radio France Internationale (RFI) for promoting the campaign to their partner radio stations in the region. Sincere gratitude to our colleagues from the Delegations and UNESCO National Commissions of the LAC region for their cooperation in liaising with governments and relevant ministries to publicize our action. We are also very grateful for the International Federation of the Red Cross and the World Health Organization who shared their expertise and experience to help develop the radio preventive message with accurate content about the virus.

IPDC Chair joins debate about research for media development

News - Tue, 02/08/2016 - 16:18

The discussion took place at the conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research in Leicester, UK. It was organised by the Centre for International Media Assistance (CIMA), in partnership with University of Westminster academic Winston Mano and media consultant Susan Abbott.

“In many countries, you can't do media developing in a brief three-year period,” said Ms Shala.

The IPDC Chair expressed reservations about development aid that was administered in a “hit & run” or fire-fighting mode.

Against the background of IPDC’s concept of knowledge-driven media development, she noted the importance of research in assessing the role of public access to information for the Sustainable Development Agenda.

“UNESCO and CIMA could cooperate in bringing academics and media development practitioners together,” the IPDC Chair proposed.

Ms Shala encouraged further discussion on the subject at the 4th world gathering of the Global Forum for Media Development in Jakarta, Indonesia, 20-22 September.

An IPDC workshop the day before, on 19 September, will seek to operationalise SDG indicator 16.10.2 on public access to information, investigating co-operation over the scope and data sources of the indicator.

CIMA Senior Director, Mark Nelson, told the meeting that total international development aid was estimated at about $135 p.a., of which only an estimated $625m went into media development support.

“When we talk about media development, a lot of people think we mean (only) training,” he observed. However, it entailed work on both political and technical dimensions, and it required building an enabling environment with an engaged society, an effective public sector, and a dynamic private sector.  

One participant in the meeting called for attention to the political economy of knowledge about media development. Another underlined that researchers need good networks, as well as economic and political capital, to get data on media development.

A third participant noted that it can cost a lot to buy data such as that concerning audience research, and called for more sharing of knowledge.

Researcher collaboration is important, in order to share "tricks" on how to get access to data holdings, stated another person.

Further points made were that research is needed into the motivations of donors, and that gender-sensitivity is essential in investigating the field.  

The general view was that a great deal can be learnt about media development and its outcomes, if academia could be better networked, and capacitated, to expand and deepen their research.

Experts promote gender equality in media for sustainable development

News - Tue, 02/08/2016 - 12:25

Albana Shala, chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication moderated the panel. Participants included prominent scholars Carolyn Byerly, Anita Gurumurthy, Lisa McLaughlin, Aimée Vega Montiel, Gitiara Nasreen, and Katharine Sarikakis. 

Ms Shala indicated IPDC’s involvement in developing the SDG indicators, and initiatives in advancing their operationalisation. She noted the low quality of media stories that challenged gender stereotypes, indicating that much needed to be done. 

Many of the panellists regretted that suggestions which GAMAG had made in the process of formulating the SDGs and related indicators had not been taken up with the UN.

In particular, they pointed to the absence of issues of women’s access to media and communication within Goal 5 on gender equality.

Howard University’s Carolyn Byerly said the targets of ending discrimination and violence against women and girls could not be accomplished without having the means to communicate.

Women’s ability to communicate on key SDG issues is marginalized by media ownership, and the lack of access to media decision-making posts, she said. Women also continue to be marginalized as subjects and sources in media and new media.

From the University of Vienna, Katharine Sarikakis said that media should be considered among the institutions to be strengthened under SDG 16, and that this required addressing the issue of women within them.

Miami University’s Lisa McLaughlin criticized what she called an instrumentalism of harnessing media to reach women about the SDGs, rather than recognizing women’s rights to communicate.

The Executive Director of IT for Change, Anita Gurumurthy, warned against ICTs being “instrumentalised as magic bullets, and decoupled from fundamental freedoms”.  She observed that women who speak out, including on the Net, are often seen as trespassers in men’s spaces, and are intimidated into self-censorship as a result.

Gitiara Nasreen, University of Dhaka, questioned the SDG dissemination process, saying that many women did not know about them or saw them as a top-down initiative.

Aimee Vega Montiel, of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, expressed the hope that UNESCO could help influence the development of SDG indicators to include GAMAG suggestions.

Responding to her, UNESCO’s Guy Berger replied that the global processes had largely been completed, and that there were opportunities to include media considerations in more generic indicators such as the share of women in positions on corporate boards.

He said that there would be opportunities at national level for applying more dedicated indicators on media and gender, which could help track progress in reaching the SDGs.

UNESCO promotes research report to communications scholars

News - Tue, 02/08/2016 - 11:46

The occasion was one of three events organised by UNESCO at the conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, held in Leicester UK.

UNESCO director for Freedom of Expression, Guy Berger, introduced the session, saying “It is UNESCO’s ambition to see the Report become a prominent flagship internationally, building upon existing success in this study being referenced in UN resolutions and academic scholarship”.

After a summary of the contents of the Report by UNESCO associate expert Reeta Pöyhtäri, four discussants commented on the Report’s chapters.

How the Report deals with online hate speech, was assessed by Anne Mollen of Universität Bremen, Germany, who commended the work for pointing out the complexities of identifying “hate speech”. She also pointed to difficulties in expecting counter-speech to succeed in contexts of high polarisation.

Peter Tiako Ngangum, Universite Libre Bruxelles, Belgium discussed the chapter on the protection of journalism sources. He welcomed the analysis but challenged UNESCO to turn the chapter’s recommendations into reality.

The chapter on the role of Internet intermediaries was analysed by Kate Coyer, Director of the Civil Society and Technology Project, Center for Media, Data and Society, Central European University, Hungary. She highlighted the complexity of the role played by these companies in regard to mediating expression issues.

In regard to the chapter on the safety of journalists, more work could be done to define and conceptualise the topic, said Sallie Hughes, Associate Professor, University of Miami, USA.

Jennifer R. Henrichsen, researcher at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania, USA, outlined the plans to mentor scholars from the South during the research for the 3rd World Trends Report which will be published in 2017.

The Report is being compiled by the Universities of Oxford (UK) and the Witwatersrand (South Africa), who won a bid to conduct the research.

Internet Universality on the agenda at international research conference

News - Mon, 01/08/2016 - 09:06

Speakers assessed the challenge of balancing international standards for the Internet, with the diverse local dynamics of regulation, culture and ethics.

The debate was based on the concept of Internet Universality, endorsed at the 38th General Conference of UNESCO Member States in 2015.

Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development, Guy Berger, unpacked the concept and its history. He explained that UNESCO believes that for the Internet to be universal and to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, the essential guiding principles are human rights, openness, accessibility and multistakeholder participation (summarized in the acronym ROAM).

The session deliberated on whether these principles entailed more specific international standards that should be applied in every country, and how diversity could be recognized at the same time.
Online privacy served as a microcosm of the issue.  Some discussants called for countries to have state regulation of internet companies in order to ensure respect for the right to privacy online. Others expressed caution over this use of power, and proposed that the matter should rather be an issue in the realm of ethical choices and self-regulation.

Another view was that state regulation could be good in some regions, and not in others, and so priorities and strategies could vary accordingly.

It was also noted that there could be key differences depending on the online issue being addressed – for example, health, gambling and intellectual property each had distinct qualities, and different implications for who should exercise power over the particular field.

The participants further commented on issues arising from the UNESCO study “Keystones to foster inclusive knowledge societies: Access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy and ethics on a global Internet”.

Issues of regulation, or not, for open access content, and access for minorities, were additional matters seen as important.

Digitisation of historical records was recognized as key for access to information and knowledge. On speaker noted that, in the face of financial challenges, partnerships with Internet companies were tempting, but at the risk of producing archives that were limited to paid-access for the public.

An alternative cited was an experience in the Netherlands where volunteers linked to Wikipedia made possible the digitization of unique historical records of Indonesian heritage with no barriers on access.

The case served to show the value of sharing good practices as a way of making Internet Universality a reality.

Several academics noted that they had included the Keystones study into their curriculum, and they further welcomed UNESCO’s ongoing research series of publications on Internet freedom.

For further information, contact X.Hu(at)unesco.org

Les universitaires invités à étudier la sécurité des journalistes

Actualités - Fri, 29/07/2016 - 16:51

Ce fut également l’occasion d’annoncer un nouveau réseau de partage des études sur la sécurité des journalistes hébergé par le Centre pour la liberté des médias (CFOM) de l’Université de Sheffield, avec une page Facebook dédiée. Pour rejoindre le réseau, il suffit d’envoyer un courriel au Centre.

Guy Berger, Directeur de la Division pour la liberté d’expression et le développement des médias de l’UNESCO, a ouvert le débat en déclarant : « On assiste à un mouvement croissant dans le monde entier pour assurer la sécurité des journalistes, ce qui signifie que la recherche sur cette question est d’une haute importance. »

« En faisant partie d’un réseau et d’une communauté de chercheurs, les universitaires peuvent avoir du poids, mobiliser des ressources pour le travail de terrain et découvrir de nouveaux canaux pour diffuser leurs travaux. »

Son message a été repris par l’intervention d’Albana Shala, présidente du Programme international de l’UNESCO pour le développement de la communication (PIDC). Mme Shala a déclaré que le PIDC allait étudier son soutien à la recherche sur la sécurité des journalistes et a attiré l’attention sur le rapport que la Directrice générale présentera en novembre au conseil du PIDC.

Dans une des présentations, la prof. Jacqueline Harrison du CFOM a décrit un projet, soutenu par le PIDC, qui consiste à interviewer des rédacteurs et des journalistes de six pays pour connaître leur opinion, y compris sur le Plan d’action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et la question de l’impunité.

Elle en a appelé à une recherche approfondie, qui ne s’arrête pas aux statistiques des agressions commises contre des journalistes, et à une coopération dans un domaine qui reste divisé.

Une autre intervenante, la Dr Mireya Marquez Ramirez de l’Université ibéro-américaine, a déclaré que « la sécurité commence chez soi ». Elle a donc proposé des recherches sur les besoins pratiques des journalistes et le point de vue des patrons des médias sur la question.

Le prof. Basyouni Hamadi de l’Université du Qatar a cité des recherches selon lesquelles la crédibilité des journalistes était un facteur dans les agressions. Il a révélé de nombreuses influences qui limitent l’autonomie professionnelle des journalistes.

Le Dr Chris Paterson, de l’Université de Leeds, a invité à mener des recherches sur les répercussions sur la législation internationale des attaques extraterritoriales par les gouvernements, qui est le sujet du livre War Reporters Under Threat (Pluto Press) qu’il a publié récemment.

Dans l’assistance, le prof. Ivor Gabor a encouragé la recherche sur les associations de journalistes et leur sécurité et la prof. Aimée Vega Montiel a insisté sur la nécessité d’évaluer la condition des femmes journalistes en particulier.

Au nom de l’UNESCO, Reeta Poyhtari a résumé les recherches et les événements associés à l’UNESCO, ainsi que son programme de recherche pour la sécurité des journalistes en 10 points

Academics urged to study safety of journalists

News - Fri, 29/07/2016 - 09:54

The occasion also served to publicise a new network for sharing knowledge projects about the safety of journalists. Hosted initially by the University of Sheffield’s Centre for the Freedom of the Media (CFOM), with a dedicated Facebook page, the network can be joined by sending an email  to the Centre.

Guy Berger, Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO, opened the discussion, saying: “There is growing momentum worldwide to secure safety for journalism, which means that research on this problem is highly relevant.

“By being part of a network and community of research practice, academics can make impact, mobilise resources for field work, and discover new avenues to disseminate their findings.”

His message was underlined in remarks by Albana Shala, chair of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC). She noted that IPDC would consider support for research into journalism safety, and drew attention to the Director General’s report to be presented to the IPDC Council in November.

In one of the panel presentations, CFOM’s Prof Jacqueline Harrison described a research project, supported by IPDC, which is interviewing scores of editors and journalists in six countries including their views on the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity.

She called for research that went into depth, beyond presenting the statistics of attacks on journalists, and motivated for co-operation in a research field that was currently fragmented.

Another speaker, Dr Mireya Marquez Ramirez of Universidad Iberoamericana stated that “safety starts at home”. She therefore proposed investigations into the practical needs of journalists and how media proprietors regarded these.

Prof Basyouni Hamadi of Qatar University reported research findings which found that the credibility of journalists was a factor in terms of whether they were attacked. He unpacked many influences which limit the professional autonomy of journalists.

Dr Chris Paterson, of Leeds University, urged research into the impact on international law from extra-territorial attacks by governments, which is the subject of his recent book “War Reporters Under Threat” (Pluto Press).

Audience participants Prof Ivor Gabor encouraged research into journalists’ associations and safety, and Prof Aimée Vega Montiel highlighted the need to assess the conditions for women journalists in particular.

From UNESCO, Reeta Poyhtari summarised UNESCO’s research and related events, as well as the Organisation’s 10 point agenda for scholarship on journalistic safety

Director-General denounces killing of journalists Abdelqadir Fassouk and Khaled al-Zintani in Libya

News - Thu, 28/07/2016 - 17:31

“I condemn the killing of Abdelqadir Fassouk and Khaled al-Zintani,” the Director-General said. “The media play an important role in ensuring informed public debate and the safety of media workers must be guaranteed, even in times of conflict.

Abdelqadir Fassouk, a photojournalist and correspondent for satellite news channel Arraed TV, was shot while covering clashes in the Libyan city of Sirte, on 21 July.

Experienced freelance journalist Khaled al-Zintani was killed while reporting on fighting in Benghazi on 23 June.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

L’UNESCO exprime sa préoccupation concernant la situation des journalistes en Turquie

Actualités - Thu, 28/07/2016 - 16:58

Sur le plan de la liberté d’expression, la Directrice générale a eu connaissance à ce jour de l’arrestation et de mandats d’arrêt visant 42 journalistes, de l’annulation de la licence pour 24 radio et télédiffuseurs, du retrait de l’accréditation pour 25 médias et du blocage de sites web. 

Alors que l’état d’urgence a été décrété en Turquie, le rôle d’une presse libre est fondamental pour assurer la transparence et rendre compte de la situation du pays dans une période critique. 

La UNESCO expresa su preocupación por la situación de los periodistas en Turquía

Noticias - Thu, 28/07/2016 - 16:26

Hasta el momento, la Directora General está al tanto del arresto y del mandato de arresto emitido contra 42 periodistas, la cancelación de las licencias de 24 cadenas de televisión, la retirada de la certificación a otras 25 empresas de medios y el bloqueo de varios sitios web. 

Aunque Turquía ha declarado el estado de emergencia, el papel de una prensa libre es fundamental para establecer la transparencia y la rendición de cuentas en torno a la situación del país en este momento crítico.

UNESCO expresses concern with situation of journalists in Turkey

News - Thu, 28/07/2016 - 15:50

On the right to freedom of expression, the Director-General is aware, at the present moment, of the arrests and warrants for arrest of 42 journalists, cancellation of licenses of 24 broadcasters, decertification of another 25 media houses and blocking of website. 

While Turkey is in a declared state of emergency, the role of a free press is fundamental for establishing transparency and accountability on the situation in the country at this critical moment.

La Directrice générale condamne le meurtre du journaliste João Miranda do Carmo au Brésil

Actualités - Thu, 28/07/2016 - 09:40

« Je condamne le meurtre de João Miranda do Carmo », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Il est important que les autorités mènent une enquête et traduisent ses auteurs en justice. L'impunité pour les crimes commis à l’encontre des journalistes menace le travail des professionnels des médias et l’accès du public à des sources d’information indépendantes et variées ».

João Miranda do Carmo dirigeait le site web d’information SAD Sem Censura. Il a été abattu devant son domicile dans la ville de Santo Antônio do Descoberto.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12 

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

La Directora General condena el asesinato del periodista brasileño João Miranda do Carmo

Noticias - Wed, 27/07/2016 - 16:33

“Condeno el asesinato de João Miranda do Carmo”, dijo la Directora General. “Es importante que las autoridades investiguen este crimen y lleven a sus culpables ante la justicia. La impunidad de los crímenes contra periodistas amenaza su capacidad de cumplir con su trabajo y menoscaba el derecho del público a tener acceso a fuentes de información independientes y diversificadas”, añadió.

João Miranda do Carmo, que manejaba un portal local de internet llamado SAD Sem Censura, fue muerto a disparos en la entrada de su casa, en la localidad de Santo Antônio do Descoberto.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto de prensa: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray@unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

 

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.  

Director-General condemns murder of journalist João Miranda do Carmo in Brazil

News - Wed, 27/07/2016 - 16:04

“I condemn the murder of João Miranda do Carmo,” said the Director-General. “It is important that the authorities investigate this killing and bring its perpetrators to justice. Impunity for crimes against journalists threatens media workers’ ability to do their work and the public’s access to independent and diverse sources of information.”

João Miranda do Carmo who ran a local news website, SAD Sem Censura, was shot outside his home in the town of Santo Antônio do Descoberto.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

Appel à candidatures pour le Prix UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah pour l’autonomisation des personnes handicapées par les technologies numériques

Actualités - Wed, 27/07/2016 - 12:05

Les candidats (personnes et organisations) doivent s’être distingués par des activités remarquables qui contribuent à l’autonomisation numérique, permettant aux personnes handicapées d’avoir plus de pouvoir et de maîtrise dans leur vie, en particulier en ce qui concerne l’intégration, la participation et la contribution au développement social et à l’amélioration de la qualité de vie.
 
L’UNESCO accorde une importance particulière à la façon dont l’information et le savoir peuvent contribuer à l’autonomisation des personnes handicapées, notamment :

  • en élaborant des politiques, plaidoyers, coopérations et partenariats ;
  • en créant et développant des solutions numériques, des processus et des environnements capacitants, y compris des outils et ressources ; et
  • en renforçant les capacités des personnes pour créer, adapter et utiliser des solutions numériques de manière économique et durable.


Le Prix reconnaît la nature convergente des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) et adopte une définition large du terme « solutions numériques » comme la combinaison de :

  • technologies numériques : tout dispositif ou application numérique d’information et de communication, comprenant entre autres les téléphones portables, les ordinateurs, la télévision, la radio, les systèmes satellites, les réseaux, le matériel, les logiciels et les applications ;
  • ressources numériques : le contenu et l’information accessibles par les technologies numériques ; et
  • processus et environnements capacitants : normes, outils, infrastructures physiques, techniques et en ligne, ressources et emplacements.


Le montant total du Prix pour chaque édition biennale s’élève à 40 000 USD, divisé en parts égales entre la personne et l’organisation lauréates. Tous les candidats doivent remplir le formulaire de candidature avant le 15 septembre 2016, en anglais ou en français. Le formulaire est disponible en ligne séparément pour les personnes et les organisations à l’adresse suivante : http://fr.unesco.org/prizes/digital-empowerment

Les candidatures peuvent être approuvées et proposées par les ministères chargés des relations avec l’UNESCO, les Commissions nationales pour l’UNESCO et les organisations non gouvernementales maintenant des relations officielles avec l’Organisation.

 

Call for nominations for the UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah Prize for Digital Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities

News - Wed, 27/07/2016 - 10:30

Candidates (individuals and institutions) must have distinguished themselves through outstanding activities that have contributed to the digital empowerment, as the processes whereby people are able to have more power and control over their lives, particularly in terms of greater inclusion, participation and contribution to societal development as well as enhanced life experiences.

UNESCO places special emphasis on the ways through which information and knowledge can contribute to the empowerment of persons with disabilities notably by:

  • formulating policy, advocacy, co-operation and partnerships;
  • creating and developing digital solutions, enabling environments and processes, including tools and resources; and
  • building and strengthening capacities of people to create, adapt and use digital solutions in a cost efficient and sustainable manner.


The Prize recognizes the converged nature of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and adopts a broad definition of the term digital solutions as a combination of: 

  • Digital technologies: any digital informational or communication device or application, including but not restricted to mobile phones, computers, laptops, televisions, radios, satellite systems, networks, hardware, software and applications;
  • Digital resources: content and information that are accessible through digital technologies; and
  • Enabling environments and processes: standards, tools, physical, technical and online infrastructures, resources and locations.


The total amount available for the Prize biennially is USD $ 40,000, which will be distributed equally between the individual and the organizational winners. No later than on 15 September 2016, all applicants must complete the application form, either in English or French, available separately for individuals and institutions online, at: http://en.unesco.org/prizes/digital-empowerment

Nominations can be endorsed and proposed by Ministries in charge of relations with UNESCO, National Commissions for UNESCO and Non-governmental organizations having official relations with the Organization.

L’UNESCO forme les porte-parole du gouvernement du Myanmar pour plus de transparence

Actualités - Wed, 27/07/2016 - 10:22

Cette activité fait partie des réformes en cours concernant l’information publique du gouvernement nouvellement élu du président Htin Kyaw et de la conseillère d’Etat Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Dans son allocution d’ouverture, le ministre de l’Information le Dr Pe Myint a souligné que les porte-parole du gouvernement jouaient un rôle clé dans la transition démocratique du pays et les initiatives pour une plus grande transparence publique. Le ministre a insisté sur l’importance de maintenir un dialogue ouvert entre le gouvernement et les médias et de faciliter aux journalistes l’accès à l’information de chaque ministère. Il a également évoqué la loi sur les médias en précisant que « le droit d’accès à l’information officielle est inclus dans les dispositions de la loi et doit être respecté par tous les ministères, départements du gouvernement et institutions publiques ».

Le chef du Bureau de l’UNESCO au Myanmar, M. Sardar Umar Alam, a rappelé aux participants que la liberté d’expression et le droit à l’information sont des droits humains fondamentaux dans une société démocratique. Il a renouvelé l’engagement de l’UNESCO de travailler avec le ministère de l’Information et les médias pour poursuivre le développement des médias.

L’atelier de trois jours était animé par le président de l’Institut asiatique de journalisme et communication, M. Ramon G. Tuazon, et associait des séances théoriques et pratiques. Le programme comprenait des études de cas, des exercices de simulation, des jeux de rôles et des conférences-débats. M. Tuazon était assisté par l’expert en relations publiques Mme Alma Tuason et par Mme Naing Naing Aye du Bureau de l’UNESCO au Myanmar.

Les participants ont donné des retours positifs sur l’atelier, déclarant qu’ils avaient acquis plus de confiance pour faire leur travail. Un des participants a déclaré : « Toutes les parties du séminaire étaient très intéressantes. Les jeux de rôles et les commentaires faits après ont été très utiles ». Un autre a remarqué que « les défis pour les porte-parole et la gestion des interviews avec les médias ont été très utiles et intéressants pour moi ».

L’activité s’inscrit dans le projet financé par l’UE qui vise à soutenir le développement des médias dans le contexte des réformes démocratiques et de la construction de la paix au Myanmar.

Pour en savoir plus sur le projet, veuillez contacter M. Mikel Aguirre Idiaquez, expert en développement des médias au Bureau de l’UNESCO au Myanmar (m.aguirre-idiaquez(at)unesco.org)

Towards a Professional Media in Libya: Libyan media representatives discuss guidelines to curb hate speech

News - Tue, 26/07/2016 - 16:02

This initiative is a key component of the Action Plan on Reform of the Libyan Media Sector proposed by journalists and media managers in Madrid last month.  

Ghaith Fariz, UNESCO Regional Director, emphasized that “UNESCO applauds the efforts of the Libyan colleagues in tackling this critical issue”, adding that it “demonstrates their continued commitment to a process that can transform the role of the media in the country and contribute to peace and reconciliation.”  

Marisia Pechaczek, Chargé d’Affaires of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, confirmed that “The Netherlands is pleased to join other UNESCO member states who support the media reform process.  We do so because we trust that the results of the workshop will have tangible impact on the ground.”

Salla-Riina Hokkanen, representing the Embassy of Finland, stated that “The theme of this workshop, developing guidelines for countering hate speech, is in our view of crucial importance for building peace in any society.”

This activity is implemented by UNESCO in partnership with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the Organization’s own contribution made possible through the generous support of the Government of Finland.  It is part of UNESCO’s ongoing interventions to reinforce the capacity of Libyan media practitioners and their contribution to reconciliation and conflict-sensitive reporting.

For more information, please contact: Raja’a El Abasi, Programme Officer, UNESCO
Email: r.el-abasi(at)unesco.org
Tel.: +216 71 655 000

UNESCO trains Myanmar Government spokespersons for greater transparency

News - Tue, 26/07/2016 - 13:59

The activity is part of the continuing public information reform initiatives of the newly-elected government of President Htin Kyaw and State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. During his opening address, Union Minister of Information Dr. Pe Myint emphasized that government spokespersons play a key role in the country’s democratic transition and initiatives toward greater public transparency. The Minister highlighted the importance of keeping an open dialogue between the Government and the media and making relevant information from each Ministry easily accessible for journalists. Referring to the News Media Law, the Minister said that “the right to access official information is included in the provisions of the law and it needs to be implemented by all the Ministries, government agencies and public institutions”.

UNESCO Myanmar Head of Office, Mr. Sardar Umar Alam, reminded the participants that Freedom of Expression and Right to Information are fundamental human rights in a democratic society. He reiterated UNESCO’s commitment to work with the Ministry of Information and the media community in pursuing media development.

The three-day workshop was facilitated by the president of the Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication, Mr Ramon G. Tuazon, and it combined both theoretical and practical sessions. The programme included case studies, simulated exercises, role playing, and lecture-discussions. Mr Tuazon was assisted by the public relations expert Ms Alma Tuason and Ms Naing Naing Aye of the UNESCO Myanmar office.

Participants gave positive feedback about the workshop, sharing how they gained more confidence in performing their work. One commented, “All parts of the seminar were very interesting. Role playing and the comments provided after were useful.” Another noted, “Challenges for spokespersons and how to handle media interviews were very useful and interesting for me.”

This activity is part of the EU funded project that aims at Supporting Media Development in the context of Democratic Reforms and Peace Building Initiatives in Myanmar.

For more information on the project, please contact Mr Mikel Aguirre Idiaquez, Media Development Expert at UNESCO Myanmar (m.aguirre-idiaquez(at)unesco.org)

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