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Legal Leaks event in Sarajevo trains media professionals in data journalism

News - Fri, 13/06/2014 - 10:38

To enhance journalists’ skills to access information and also to help journalists analyse and present the data they have obtained, a Legal Leaks training was organized in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 10 and 11 June 2014. Organized by UNESCO in cooperation with Access Info Europe, the Press Council in Bosnia and Herzegovina and South East European Network for Professionalization of Media SEENPM, the event included around 50 participating journalists from around the country.

The journalists were first trained by Helen Darbishire from Access Info Europe to use freedom of information (FOI) laws, which have been in force since 2000 in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Darbishire was involved in drafting the law as part of the team of local and international experts set up in 1999 by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). At the training, she discussed with journalists the fact that although Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have a constitutional provision on access to information, it is a signatory to international treaties. Moreover, human rights bodies such as the European Court of Human Rights have recognised that the right to information held by public bodies is linked to the right to freedom of expression.

In her presentation, Maja Brancovic, representative of Transparency International Bosnia and Herzegovina, underlined “the need for harmonizing the state and entity laws, and [of solving] all the other problems that occur during the implementation of the FOI legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.”

There is an ongoing debate in Bosnia and Herzegovina on how to strengthen the legal framework for the right of access to information, which currently scores 102 out of 150 points on the Global Right to Information Rating.

The session on data journalism was led by Slobodanka Dekic from the Media Centre Sarajevo and Aladin Abdagic from the Centre for Investigative Reporting. They presented their experiences using the right of access to information to build databases that help them write stories and do visualizations with datasets on topics such as budget spending.

“Using graphics will help your readers understand very quickly the story you want to tell,” said Abdagic. “People don’t have time to read 7 pages of investigation anymore.”

On the second day, the Press Council in Bosnia and Herzegovina trained participants on professional and ethical standards for journalism in the information era. It was emphasized that data should be treated with care and responsibility and that the public interest should be assessed before publication.

A further topic for debate was the role of whistleblowers and the responsibility of journalists to protect those who expose illegal activity. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a draft whistleblower law which only protects those who reveal information about their own organization but not about other organizations. There is a Whistleblower Association which works to expose criminality and to encourage investigations from the police and prosecutors. This organization also works to protect whistleblowers and is calling for a stronger law. In the debate, concerns were raised about the possible liabilities for journalists who handle leaked information. The Access Info team noted that international standards are in development, including jurisprudence from the European Court of Human Rights.

The event took place in the framework of the EU-UNESCO project: “Promoting Media Accountability in South East Europe and Turkey”, which started in January 2013. The training was the third in a series of local events taking place in the region.

Atelier de renforcement des capacités du Comité national malien Mémoire du Monde

Actualités - Fri, 13/06/2014 - 09:39

Lors de la cérémonie d’ouverture qui s’est déroulée à la Bibliothèque nationale, Me Mountaga Tall a noté que l’information est devenue une denrée stratégique de nos jours pour les pays, pour les grandes entreprises et disposer, en temps record, d’informations pertinentes est un atout. «C’est pourquoi la sauvegarde et l’accès aux éléments les plus menacés et les plus importants de notre patrimoine documentaire procède d’une volonté professionnelle, j’allais dire, politique de la République du Mali de mettre à la disposition de nos compatriotes de l’intérieur comme de l’extérieur et de tous les amis du Mali de par le monde des informations fiables sur notre pays », a expliqué le ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique.

Pour Mamadou Demba Sissoko, le Président du Comité national Mémoire du monde et Directeur national des bibliothèques et de la documentation, ‘cet atelier est le début d’une série d’activités qui permettront de dynamiser sa structure. L’objectif étant que le Mali puisse faire enregistrer des documents et prétendre, pourquoi pas, au prix Jikji’.

L’atelier a regroupé des participants venus des plusieurs institutions, agences et associations du Mali qui se sont familiarisés avec, entre autres : la notion de patrimoine documentaire et Mémoire du Monde; le fondement du dispositif opérationnel et le registre national Mémoire du Monde, le prix Jikji et les critères retenus pour la proposition d’éléments pour l’inscription au registre Mémoire du Monde.

Les participants ont formulé de nombreuses recommandations à l’adresse à la fois du gouvernement, de l’UNESCO, des institutions en charge du patrimoine documentaire et du comité national Mémoire du Monde. Ils recommandent, entre autres, de renforcer les capacités techniques et humaines de la direction nationale des bibliothèques et de la documentation et de la direction nationale des archives en matière de conservation préventive : restauration, reliure de document.

Les participants ont réclamé également l’élaboration d’un plan national de sécurisation des documents, surtout en période de conflit ou de catastrophes naturelles. Au Comité national, il est demandé de procéder le plus rapidement possible au recensement des éléments du patrimoine documentaire malien susceptibles d’être inscrits au registre national Mémoire du Monde, au plus tard au cours de ce mois de juin.

L’UNESCO a lancé le programme Mémoire du monde afin d’éviter l’amnésie collective et de promouvoir la conservation des collections d’archives et de bibliothèques partout dans le monde et d’en assurer la plus large diffusion. Créé pour protéger le patrimoine documentaire, le programme Mémoire du monde aide les réseaux d’experts à échanger des informations et trouver des ressources pour la conservation et la diffusion des biens documentaires.

A Capacity-building Workshop to Strengthen the Malian National Memory of the World Committee

News - Fri, 13/06/2014 - 09:31

At the opening ceremony held at the National Library, Mr. Tall Mountaga noted that information has become a strategic commodity these days to large companies, to countries and having the right information at the right moment is a great advantage. "This is why the preservation of and access to the most threatened and most important elements of our documentary heritage is guided by a professional will, I would say also by the political will of Mali to provide our fellow citizens in the country as well as outside of Mali reliable information on our country", said the Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research.

Demba Mamadou Sissoko, the President of the Memory of the World Committee and Director of National Libraries and Documentation noted that “this workshop is the beginning of a series of activities that will boost the MOW  National Committee”. The objective is for Mali to  increase the number of  registered documents and one day perhaps to pretend also for the Jikji Prize’.

The workshop brought together participants from several institutions, agencies and associations in Mali who got familiar with, among others: the notion of documentary heritage and Memory of the World Programme; the basics of an operational system and the National Memory of the World Register, the Jikji Prize and the selection criteria for inclusion in the Memory of the World register.

Participants made several recommendations to the government, to UNESCO, and  to the institutions in charge of documentary heritage and the Memory of the World National Committee. They recommended, among others, the need to  strengthen the technical and human resource capacities at the national libraries management level, at the management level as concerns documentation and national archives, particularly  in the field of preventive conservation, restoration and  binding of documents.

Participants also called for the development of a national plan for safeguarding documents of considerable value, especially in times of conflict or natural disasters. The National Committee was requested to proceed as quickly as possible with the identification of documentary heritage which Mali would like  to enroll in the National Memory of the World register, and finish this task in June 2014, at the latest.

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme is intended to protect documentary heritage, and helps networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for preservation of and access to documentary material.

UNESCO supports Open MOOCs in Africa

News - Fri, 13/06/2014 - 09:21

Defined as any type of educational materials in the public domain, or released with an open license allowing free use, adaptation, and distribution, Open Educational Resources (OERs) present Ministries of Education and educational institutions with a strategic opportunity to increase the quality of educational materials and using ICT to increase access to education especially for disadvantaged groups.

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are characterized as free-of-cost, openly-accessible, online courses offered mostly by globally prestigious, traditional universities attracting ‘massive’ numbers of students. Like OERs, MOOCs also offer students, particularly those from developing countries with unprecedented easy access to high-quality, higher education.

OpenupEd is the world’s first MOOC Initiative that offers learners several unique innovations:

  • Courses are to be made immediately/progressively available as OERs with at least CC BY SA licenses
  • The university partners will offer full recognition, and additional credit for fees;
  • Some courses are to offer cohort-independence

Coordinated by the European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU) with an obvious focus on European Member States, OpenupEd is being led by Professor Fred Mulder, UNESCO OER Chair.

With support from the European Commission, UNESCO is Globalizing OpenupEd in Africa working with the Africa Council for Distance Education (ACDE), and in Asia working with the Asian Association for Open Universities (AAOU).

The UNESCO Africa OpenupEd Workshop was co-chaired by Prof Mulder and Professor Tolly Mbwette, President of the ACDE and Vice-Chancellor of the Open University of Tanzania (OUT).

Over 30 very high-level delegates including 8 Vice Chancellors and Deputies, 2 of the ACDE Conference Keynote Speakers, and 25 senior officials representing over 20 institutions attended the Workshop. Background information on the OpenupEd Initiative was provided by:

Presentations on proposed African OER MOOCs were presented by:

Africa’s Journey to Open Education

Mr Abel Caine, UNESCO Programme Specialist for OERs was very pleased with the Workshop, “Demonstrating the immeasurable wealth of intellectual and professional expertise in the room, the delegates raised a very large number of questions and comments on the relevance and adaptation of OERs, MOOCs, and the OpenupEd OER-MOOC Initiative. We now have a hugely refined Project Plan that is directly aligned to existing education priorities and education goals.”

The Workshop was live-streamed on Zimbabwe Technomag website, and concluded with a clear resolution for UNESCO and the ACDE Secretariat to present a viable Implementation Plan at the next ACDE Executive Board Meeting in July, 2014 in Nairobi, Kenya.

The medium term goal is to launch the Africa OpenupEd Initiative with at least 3 African universities offering fully open-licensed MOOCs by the seminal World Education Forum in Incheon, South Korea in May 2015.

Second WSIS+10 Review Event: UNESCO Deputy Director-General calls for strengthening UNGIS

News - Tue, 10/06/2014 - 14:50

UNESCO’s Deputy Director-General, Mr Getachew Engida, as a co-organizer of the second WSIS+10 Review event from 10-13 June 2014, hosted by ITU, addressed 1500 participants at the Opening of the Event. The Deputy Director-General laid out UNESCO’s inclusive Knowledge Societies vision, highlighted the results of the first WSIS+10 Event hosted by UNESCO in February 2013, and stressed: "We need both technologies and the capacities to use them. Alone, technology is not enough. To empower, it must be married with skills, local content and opportunities for all."

Earlier, at the High-level United Nations Group on the Information Society (UNGIS) meeting, UNESCO’s Deputy Director-General; the Heads of Agencies of ITU, UNCTAD, UPU and other high-level UN representatives, renewed their commitment to work together on using technologies for reaching current and future development goals. The high-level leads will be translated into a workplan at the UNGIS working level meeting later this week.

The 20th meeting of the General Assembly of the ISSN International Centre to take place at UNESCO

News - Tue, 10/06/2014 - 14:39

At this 20th meeting, representatives will debate about current main issues such as:

  • the evolution of serials from print to electronic,
  • the Open Access movement and ROAD portal implemented by the International Centre with the support of UNESCO,
  • the international cooperation with partners engaged in digital preservation and serials identification,
  • the ISSN strategy for the years to come.

The ISSN International Centre was established in Paris in 1976, as a result of an agreement between UNESCO and the Government of France to work with its Member Countries on the identification and promotion of serial publications, through the assignment of a unique identification code which facilitates access to serial titles for all users of serial literature whether in print or non-print formats.

The Centre, through its network of national centres and its services, provides its Member Countries with access to quality information concerning serial publications worldwide.

ISSN identification also supports UNESCO’s activities and the Information for All Programme’s (IFAP) efforts on digital preservation and the open access to scientific information. Recently, for instance, a beta version of the Directory of Open Access scholarly resources (ROAD) was launched as a service offered by the ISSN International Centre with the support of the Communication and Information Sector of UNESCO.

Albanian journalists trained to use Legal Leaks in their daily work

News - Fri, 06/06/2014 - 16:49

To advance debate on these issues, a Legal Leaks training seminar was organized by UNESCO in cooperation with Access Info Europe, the South East European Network for Professionalization of Media (SEENPM) and the Albanian Media Institute. Around 30 participants joined that event, which took place in Tirana on 4 and 5 June 2014.

“The Albanian access to information law has been in force since 1999. It is now in the process of being amended to improve its scope and the procedure of accessing information. The law is not much used by journalists and citizens, which is a problem,” said Remzi Lani, Director of the Albanian Media Institute.

During the seminar, specific emphasis was made on the fact that freedom of information is a fundamental right that has been regulated in 97 laws around the world. This means that journalists can request information not only in their own country but also in other countries and from international institutions. During the seminar, Access Info Europe shared success stories of journalists who have requested information internationally, and tips on how to do it.

The journalists shared their experiences requesting information from Albanian public bodies, which have had mixed success. A number of lawyers at the seminar presented their experiences in challenging refusals to provide information in the courts and are fighting for the right of journalists and civil society not to pay fees to appeal other cases in the courts.

A presentation by Gent Ibrahimi, of the Institute for Policy and Legal Studies, reviewed the current law and outlined some shortcomings, and then explained how these would be addressed in the new law. These include reducing the time frame for responses. Another important proposed improvement is to ensure that data can be accessed in multiple formats, including open, machine-readable formats.

Data expert Gjergj Erebara gave inspiring examples of data journalism and reviewed possible techniques and strategies which can be used by Albanian journalists. These included data visualization programmes available online. One issue which arose in debate is the poor quality and lack of detail in datasets published in Albania, something which civil society is arguing should be improved, particularly with Albania now a member of the Open Government Partnership. 

On the second day, participants discussed initiatives to establish a media self-regulatory body in Albania and issues of media ethics in the country, with Lufti Dervishi, a self-regulation expert. They noted that while there has been some progress in the quality of journalism during the past twenty years, the process of establishing a fully functioning self-regulatory system will take time and needs more debate in the media community and in society in general. 

Helen Darbishire of Access Info rounded off the workshop with a session on how to deal with and protect whistleblowers, including with considerations of data security.

The event took place in the framework of the EU-UNESCO project: “Media Accountability in South East Europe”, which started in January 2013. The training was the second in a series of local events now taking place in the region.

First Legal Leaks training in Pristina empowers journalists to use access to information laws

News - Wed, 04/06/2014 - 16:09

To help media professionals get information held by public bodies for their stories, a Legal Leaks training seminar was organized by UNESCO in cooperation with Access Info Europe, the South East European Network for Professionalization of Media (SEENPM) and the Press Council of Kosovo. Around 30 participants joined the event, which took place on 2 and 3 June 2014 in Pristina, Kosovo (as defined under UN Security Resolution 1244).

The right to freedom of information is a fundamental human right. Behind it lays the idea that public bodies are elected by the people and sustained by taxpayers’ funds. The public should therefore have a right to know how the power is being used and how that money is being spent. More generally, using access to information laws can invigorate and strengthen journalism, thereby contributing to improving the quality of public debates, increased public participation in decision-making, and thus more open and democratic societies.

During the seminar, journalists received a toolkit designed for journalists working in newspapers, radio and television, as well as bloggers, to access information held by public bodies and appeal refusals. The Legal Leaks Toolkit has been tailored to the local legislation and language by legal experts from BIRN Kosovo (The Balkan Investigative Reporting Network). Helen Darbishire, a trainer from Access Info Europe, emphasized that “journalists might need to change the culture in the newsroom and persuade editors that submitting an access to information request is not a waste of time but is actually a useful part of your journalistic activity.”

On the second day, journalists were given a lecture by Ibrahim Berisha, Board Director of the Press Council of Kosovo, about the essentials of journalistic ethics. Participants were also trained to protect the confidentiality of their sources and discussed ethical dilemmas related to whistleblowing and leaking of information. A session was led by Access Info Europe with practical exercises on how to ensure the security of data and how to check the credibility of a whistleblower.

The event took place in the framework of the EU-UNESCO project “Promoting Media Accountability in South East Europe and Turkey”, which started in January 2013. The training was the first in a series of local events that will take place in each of the project’s target countries.

IFAP publishes 17-Country readiness study on FOSS and Open Solutions

News - Mon, 02/06/2014 - 16:54

In November 2012 the study was launched by UNESCO’s Kingston Office with the assistance of two Caribbean consulting firms. The study examined such aspects as awareness levels, relevant policy and legislative support and the use of free and open source software, open data, open education resources and open standards by governments, the private sector, civil society and individuals.

The study revealed that countries in the region were at very different stages of development in this area. In Belize for instance, national training activities began as early as 1997 and this has contributed to the development of significant national capacity which has enabled educational institutions like the Corozal Community College to provide a range of services to high-school students and persons enrolled in adult education programmes. In Trinidad and Tobago, several open data portals have been established that support activities in the agricultural, financial and law enforcement sectors and through an innovative Fisheries Project, many families who depend on fishing have experienced positive benefits.

While most Caribbean countries and territories surveyed have national ICT policies in place, with the exceptions of Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, St Kitts-Nevis, St Lucia, and St Vincent and the Grenadines, they contain little if any explicit reference to FOSS and Open Solutions. The study however came at an opportune moment as it has served to sensitize several ongoing policy-reviews to the need and benefits of Open Solutions which in turn is paving the way for their incorporation into the national frameworks and strategies. Nevertheless, even among some countries without direct policy references there is active use of open solutions as was seen in Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Curacao and Grenada particularly in applications such as archive and records management, education and disaster management services.

The findings of the IFAP study were first presented at the Caribbean Open Data Conference and Code Sprint, which was held in April 2013 under the theme Developing the Caribbean. The event which was simultaneously organized in 7 countries provided an important opportunity to discuss emerging findings with regional practitioners and gain broader insights into experiences, lessons and possible remedies. Participants welcomed the IFAP initiative.

In July 2013, a consultation meeting attended by some 40 regional policy-makers was organized in St Lucia and this served to validate the findings and to support the development of national implementation roadmaps.

Through IFAP and other UNESCO programmes, these national plans and the recommendation of the study will be supported during the 2014-2016 biennium. Already the lessons and experiences from the Caribbean captured in the report are attracting the attention of countries and partners in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, supporting and informing pilot initiatives in these regions.

The intergovernmental Information for All Programme was established in 2001. It provides a platform for international policy discussions, cooperation and the development of guidelines for action in the area of access to information and knowledge. The Programme supports Member States to develop and implement national information policy and strategy frameworks.

Dieciséis nuevas colecciones integradas al Registro Asia-Pacífico de la Memoria del Mundo

Noticias - Wed, 28/05/2014 - 11:40

La Asamblea General de la MOWCAP fue acogida por la Administración Estatal de Archivos de China (SAAC por sus siglas en inglés), en colaboración con la provincia de Guangdong y el gobierno municipal de Guangzhou, y con el apoyo de las oficinas de la UNESCO en Bangkok y Pekín. Por primera vez, también asistieron al evento bienal de la MOWCAP representantes de Bangladesh, de la República Popular Democrática de Corea y de Samoa. 

Ray Edmondson, presidente saliente de la Mesa, comentó: "esta ha sido nuestra mayor Asamblea General hasta la fecha," y añadió "con un número récord de nuevos documentos inscritos, lo que ha duplicado el registro de Asia-Pacífico."

Yang Dongquan, Director General de la SAAC, declaró durante el discurso de inauguración: "los delegados de los países y regiones de Asia y el Pacífico, así como de la UNESCO, están reunidos aquí para compartir sus experiencias e intercambiar opiniones, lo que contribuirá sin duda con el progreso del trabajo regional de la MOW y con la protección del patrimonio documental."

Después de la Asamblea General de la MOWCAP hubo un simposio de capacitación. Los dieciséis nuevos documentos añadidos al registro regional de la MOWCAP fueron seleccionados de entre 21 propuestas de los comités nacionales, y organizaciones o individuos de quince países.

Los nuevos documentos inscritos son: los registros de los obreros ligados por contrato de las Islas del mar del sur de Queensland 1863-1908 (Australia); el Reamker de Takrut (Camboya); un antiguo mapa estelar chino (the Double Stellar Hemisphere), la proclamación “E Tuatua Akakite” 1891 (Islas Cook), los registros de inmigrantes polinesios 1896-1914 (Fiji), el documental The Soul of the Reef (Irán), Vendidad (Irán), Al-Masaalik Wa Al-Mamaalik (Irán), la colección de películas de Neo Lao Hak Xath 1953-1980 (República Democrática Popular Lao), Loamanfaanu (Maldivas), el Sutra de la gran deidad Tara (Mongolia), los Archivos del Pacífico Occidental de Nueva Zelanda (Western Pacific Archives), los Archivos de la Administración Colonial alemana de Samoa (Samoa), la colección de archivos de cine asiático Cathay-Keris Malayo Clásicos (Singapur), los Registros imperiales de la dinastía Nguyen 1802-1945 (Viet Nam); y la colleccion de documentos e imágenes de Karbala, de la Republica Islamica de Irán, está registrada provisionalmente en espera de información administrativa.

Los delegados eligieron la nueva Mesa de la MOWCAP y designaron como presidente a Li Minghua (Director General Adjunto de la administración de los archivos de estado de China) y como Vicepresidentes a Fatima Fahimnia (Irán), Dianne Macaskill (Nueva Zelanda), Kim Kwibae (República de Corea) y Vu Thi Minh Huong (Viet Nam). La sra. Helen Swinnerton fue reconfirmada como Secretaria General de la MOWCAP, con Rosa María González como miembro ex-oficio de la Secretaría de la UNESCO. Los consejeros especiales son: el profesor Simon Chu, Sarah Choy, el doctor Ray Edmondson, y Richard Engelhardt, mientras que el doctor Rujaya Abhakorn (Tailandia) fue reconfirmado como "Goodwill Patron" de la MOWCAP.

La Memoria del Mundo es la memoria documentada y colectiva de los pueblos del mundo - su patrimonio documental - que a su vez representa una proporción importante del patrimonio cultural mundial. Esta traza la evolución del pensamiento de la sociedad humana, sus descubrimientos y logros. Se trata del legado del pasado a la comunidad mundial presente y futura. El Programa Memoria del Mundo, establecido por la UNESCO en 1992, reconoce el patrimonio documental de importancia internacional, regional y nacional, mantiene su registro, y ​​le otorga un logotipo para identificarlo. También facilita su preservación y acceso sin discriminación. Asimismo, realiza campañas para dar a conocer el patrimonio documental y alertar a los gobiernos, al público en general, y al mundo de los negocios y el comercio sobre la necesidad de recursos para preservar este patrimonio y recauda fondos para tal fin. El Programa Memoria del Mundo tiene una perspectiva global que abarca todos los países y pueblos, cuyos esfuerzos colectivos son necesarios para mantener la Memoria intacta en contenido y volumen la.

La Directora General de la UNESCO abre el octavo Consejo del PIPT

Noticias - Wed, 28/05/2014 - 11:36

En su discurso de apertura, la Directora General felicitó a la Mesa saliente por "el fin de un período exitoso, marcado con ejemplos positivos de los últimos dos años de trabajo de la PIPT en la construcción de sociedades del conocimiento a nivel mundial, regional y local", e hizo hincapié en la realización de una serie de importantes conferencias y proyectos internacionales en África, Asia, Europa, América Latina y el Caribe. Además, la sra. Bokova reconoció que "las prioridades tratadas por la PIPT corresponden a algunas de las áreas más urgentes y de rápida evolución de la política pública" e invitó al Consejo a "fortalecer la sostenibilidad de los organismos nacionales de la PIPT y a aprovechar el potencial de la PIPT para contribuir de manera eficaz con la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015".

El Consejo es responsable de dirigir la planificación y la implementación de la PIPT y, durante esta reunión de 2 días, analizará los logros alcanzados y debatirá sobre las orientaciones estratégicas del Programa para el período 2014-2018. Se prestará especial atención al perfeccionamiento de las modalidades de trabajo del PIPT, a su situación financiera y visibilidad, así como a la integración de sus acciones en el marco de la Agenda para el Desarrollo después de 2015 y el proceso de la CMSI +10. El Consejo, en calidad de órgano de asesoramiento técnico de la Directora General, dedicará una parte de la reunión a la discusión sobre el estudio exhaustivo de las cuestiones relacionadas con Internet en las esferas de competencia de la UNESCO, exigido por los Estados Miembros en la 37 ª reunión de la Conferencia General.

Durante la reunión, el Consejo también elegirá a ocho de sus miembros de la Mesa por un periodo de dos años. La Mesa es el órgano operativo del Consejo y se espera que su presidente, junto con los miembros de la Mesa, jueguen un papel clave en los grupos de trabajo constituidos para tratar las áreas estratégicas prioritarias de la PIPT, prestar apoyo a los comités nacionales del PIPT en sus respectivas regiones, y promover la visibilidad y movilización de recursos para el Programa.

El Programa Internacional de Información Para Todos fue establecido en 2001. Este proporciona una plataforma para los debates de política internacional, la cooperación y el desarrollo de pautas de acción en materia de acceso a la información y el conocimiento. El Programa apoya a los Estados miembros en el desarrollo e implementación de marcos nacionales de política y estrategia de la información en el ámbito del acceso a la información, la información para el desarrollo, la ética de la información, la alfabetización informacional, la preservación de la información y el multilingüismo.

Forum sur la gouvernance de l’Internet : la volonté d’aller plus loin

Actualités - Wed, 28/05/2014 - 10:59

L’UNESCO accueille les consultations ouvertes sur le FGI et le Groupe consultatif multi-acteurs (MAG) du 19 au 21 mai.

Dans son discours lors de la cérémonie d’ouverture, le directeur général adjoint a évoqué le soutien permanent que l’UNESCO a manifesté depuis longtemps au Forum sur la gouvernance de l’Internet ; il a également mis en évidence son engagement dans le processus depuis la fondation du FGI en 2006 à Athènes.

« Lors des huits dernières FGI, l’UNESCO a organisé et co-organisé plus de 50 ateliers et Forums ouverts pour promouvoir la liberté de l’expression et la privacité sur Internet, le plurilinguisme sur le Web, la part locale, la préservation numérique, etc. »

L’UNESCO considère les réunions du FGI de 2014 comme une opportunité pour expliquer son sujet de recherche le plus conséquent sur l’Internet, et elle invite les participants à y prendre part.

Le directeur général adjoint a souligné que l’étude « vise à orienter les prochaines prises de décision des 195 Etats membres sur l’intersection de l’Internet et de nos programmes.

« Il ne s’agit donc pas seulement d’une étude à des fins académiques mais aussi d’une étude qui contribuera à la mise en place de politiques efficaces en ce qui concerne l’Internet.

L’objectif du deuxième tour des consultations ouvertes du FGI et des réunions MAG est de poursuivre les préparatifs pour la réunion annuelle FGI 2014. Dr Ahmet Erding Cavusoglu, président honoraire de la consultation ouverte du FGI 2014 et des réunions MAG, a expliqué aux participants l’évolution des préparatifs du pays d’accueil.

Cette réunion  permet de travailler sur les sessions principales qui se tiendront lors du FGI 2014 et sur les modalités d’évaluation des propositions d’atelier. Le processus NETMundial et la façon dont le FGI peut améliorer ses résultats sont deux des sujets à débattre.

La réunion sera retransmise en directe et accessible via les liens ci-dessous :

PAROLE - mms://stream.unesco.org/live/room_9_floor.wmv

EN - mms://stream.unesco.org/live/room_9_en.wmv

FR - mms://stream.unesco.org/live/room_9_fr.wmv

Informations générales concernant l’étude sur Internet de l’UNESCO

L’UNESCO mène une étude sur les questions liées à Internet ; elle englobe l’accès à l’information et au savoir, la liberté d’expression, la privacité et les dimensions éthiques de la société de l’information, et elle explore les options possibles pour des actions futures. Un processus de consultation multi-acteurs comprend les pouvoirs publics, le secteur privé, la société civiel, les organisations internationales et la communauté scientifique.

La fiche projet pour l’étude a été conçue lors du premier tour des consultations. Le cadre de recommandations de l’étude est la fiche projet de « l’universalité d’Internet » qui résume les principes significatifs de l’Internet pour le mandant et les champs de compétence de l’UNESCO. En effet l’Internet doit : respecter les Droits de l’homme, être libre, accessible à tous et soutenu par la participation de nombreux intervenants.

Plus d’informations sur http://www.unesco.org/new/internetstudy

 Commentaires sur Internetstudy(at)unesco.org

Twitter hashtag: #netstudy

Strengthening communication skills of female County Assembly Members in Kenya

News - Tue, 27/05/2014 - 16:37

During the training, participants learnt how to generate gender sensitive reports while working with the media and how to leverage the importance of gender in development, especially with the current devolved system of governance in Kenya. The training was based on the UNESCO’s Getting the Balance Right: Gender Equality In Journalism handbook.

Lucy Nyagithii, Member of the County Delegated Legislation Committee, said, “The media in Kenya has always failed to use its priming and framing abilities to capture the voices of women County Assembly Members. This training provides us with a great opportunity to gain knowledge and sharpen skills for future engagement with the media to increase coverage of issues affecting women in our counties.”

Similar feelings were echoed by Salome Wairimu, Member of Trade, Investment and Industrial Committee: “This training has come at an opportune time and will enable us to understand how we can relate with the media, how they work, communicate, package and frame issues affecting women in our counties.” 

Some participants also noted that media apathy continues to dominate the coverage of women-related issues at the county level, with men still presented as the dominant frame and drivers of the devolution process in the counties.

This training workshop was informed by lack of gender perspectives in decisions and actions in both National and County Governments in Kenya, with the problem being more pronounced at the County Government level. It was based on two studies:

  • Gender in the News, by the African Woman and Child Feature Service; and
  • Media Coverage of the Devolution Process in Kenya, by the Media Council of Kenya.

Both studies revealed that most stories in the media were male-centered, thus giving men a vantage point.

The training is part of UNESCO’s ongoing initiatives of building capacity of women and enhancing pluralistic media, including by adoption of gender-sensitive policies, and is implemented within the framework of the UN Government of Kenya Joint Programme on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment.

Legal Leaks: Enhancing media accountability in South East Europe

News - Tue, 27/05/2014 - 15:46

In the framework of this project, UNESCO will continue efforts to support the reinforcement of media accountability mechanisms in the region, in particular codes of ethics, press councils and news ombudsmen. Improving skills of newly created press councils and news ombudsmen, adapting the self-regulation mechanisms to the digital era and raising awareness about them will be at the heart of the project’s activities in 2014.

In addition, journalists in the region will be trained to exercise their right to access information in their country and thus improve their investigative skills while respecting ethical and professional standards. Legal Leaks trainings, organized by Access Info Europe and the South East European Network for Professionalization of Media (SEENPM), will empower journalists to use their national freedom of information laws as a regular part of their work and to protect the security of their data and confidential sources of information. At the same time, journalists will be trained on ethical dilemmas regarding access to information.

All participants will receive a national version of the Legal Leaks Toolkit, which provides guidance on how to file freedom of information requests and how to appeal refusals.

Legal Leaks training for journalists in South East Europe will be held in June 2014:

  • Pristina: 2 and 3 June 2014
  • Tirana: 4 and 5 June 2014
  • Sarajevo: 10 and 11 June 2014
  • Podgorica: 12 and 13 June 2014
  • Belgrade: 16 and 17 June 2014

A regional conference is also foreseen to take place in Skopje on 16 and 17 October 2014.

Les experts des médias saluent le nouveau rapport de l’UNESCO sur la liberté de la presse, récemment enrichi d’études régionales

Actualités - Mon, 26/05/2014 - 10:16

Le rapport analyse les tendances de la liberté de la presse et du développement des médias selon quatre critères : la liberté des médias, le pluralisme, l’indépendance et la sécurité.

Un groupe consultatif de 27 experts internationaux de la société civile et du monde universitaire en partenariat avec l’UNESCO a contribué au rapport qui a été présenté à Stockholm par la directrice générale de l’UNESCO au mois de mars.

Le rapport a suscité un vaste débat lors de la Conférence de la journée internationale de la liberté de la presse qui s’est déroulée au siège de l‘UNESCO les 5 et 6 mai à Paris.

Getachew Engida, directeur général adjoint, a inauguré le panel de discussion en évoquant le caractère unique des « Tendances mondiales en matière de liberté d’expression et de développement des médias ». C’est le premier rapport en son genre qui recouvre la totalité des questions liées à la liberté de la presse, en prenant en compte le cadre changeant des médias dans l’ère du digital, déclare-t-il.

« L’étude se concentre tout particulièrement sur les tendances ; si je devais faire une comparaison, je dirais qu’il s’agit d’un film et non d’une photo instantanée. Cela permet de mieux comprendre la liberté de la presse en tant que processus en mouvement et analyse des trajectoires qui nous font avancer», dit-il.

D’après Remzi Lani, membre de groupe consultatif et directeur de l’Institut des médias albanais, le rapport est « un instrument de politique et de promotion important ».

« Les récentes études régionales offrent une vision qui peut aider toutes les organisations médiatiques », ajouta-t-il.

« Parfois, c’est en se comparant aux autres que l’on arrive à mieux se comprendre soi-même. Il peut être intéressant de se comparer avec ses voisins et avec d’autres régions pour les bonnes pratiques », affirma-t-il.

Certains considèrent le rapport comme une occasion de stimuler la recherche à une époque où les médias souffrent de grands changements.

« C’est plus qu’un rapport, c’est une invitation à plus de recherche au niveau régional, comme une longue énumération de choses qui peuvent aider les universités à comprendre ce qu’il se passe », commente Rosental Alves, Professeur à l’Université du Texas à Austin.

Le rapport se penche sur les principales évolutions dans la liberté de la presse depuis 2007 dans le monde entier, et s'intéresse plus particulièrement aux médias internationaux et aux groupes régionaux de l’UNESCO, à savoir :

  • l’Afrique
  • les pays arabes
  • l’Asie et le Pacifique
  • l’Europe centrale et l’Europe de l’est
  • l’Amérique latine et les Caraïbes
  • l’Europe de l’ouest et l’Amérique de nord

Les événements mis en place dans les régions se dérouleront dans les prochains mois aux Etats-Unis et en Inde.

Le rapport « Les tendances mondiales en matière de liberté d’expression et de développement des médias » a été conçu avec le soutien de l’état suédois.

Ce projet ainsi que les six études régionales sont disponibles sous licence via le lien suivant : http://www.unesco.org/new/world-media-trends.

Media organizations of Central America issue Recommendations for Post-2015 Development Agenda in the region

News - Fri, 23/05/2014 - 15:34

The need for recommendations was voiced during the regional World Press Freedom Day celebrations in San Jose, Costa Rica, on 5 May that gathered more than 70 representatives of institutions and media organizations in Central America.

Day-long meeting featured panel discussions and workshops on key issues for realization of the right to communicate in the region, focusing on community media, journalism education and safety risks for journalism exercise in Central America. The panels included address by Costa Rican Ambassador to the United Nations, Juan Carlos Mendoza, and the presentation of experiences of alternative and community media in the region such as the Center for Informative Reports on Guatemala (Cerigua), Radio Progreso and C-Free Honduras, and the Association of Journalists of El Salvador. The UNESCO Office in Mexico participated in the meeting via Internet and presented experience on youth empowerment through media.

The activity was organized by UNESCO, with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, the Center for Communication Voces Nuestras, Program on Freedom of Expression and Right to Information (PROLEDI) of the University of Costa Rica, the Access Foundation, the Journalist College of Costa Ria, Canal UCR, the Institute for Freedom of Expression (IPLEX), OndaUNED and Media Initiatives Network for Alternative Communication (RedMICA).

The Recommendations come at a right time, as national consultations on Agenda Post-2015 with new governments are being initiated in several countries of Central America.

IFAP adopts recommendations and elects new Chairperson and Bureau to guide its work

News - Thu, 22/05/2014 - 16:12

Ms Haddad has been a fervent advocate of IFAP’s priorities since 2007 and in particular has supported the Programme’s realizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. These achievements include contributing to the organization of the first IFAP regional conference for Dutch and English speaking countries held in June 2011 in St George’s, Grenada, under the theme “Building Caribbean Knowledge Societies”, as a well as a range of subsequent activities covering all the IFAP priorities that have benefitted more than 30 Latin American and Caribbean countries. These activities and the subsequent best practices are continuing to provide case studies and programme orientations that are also informing IFAP’s actions in all regions and in particular in Africa and Asia-Pacific.

In accepting her new role, Ms Haddad committed herself to “maintaining IFAP’s upward trajectory of growing impact and relevance internationally, regionally and nationally and to working with all Member States and partners to ensure that IFAP plays a meaningful role in the post-2015 WSIS and international development agendas”. Ms Haddad is the Deputy Permanent Delegate of Grenada to UNESCO and since 2000 has played key roles in UNESCO’s international standard setting activities, chairing or serving in various intergovernmental commissions in the fields of communication and information, culture and sports. Prior to her diplomatic career she was the Director of the Centre for “Action and Information for Development and International Understanding” and the Vice-Chair of the World Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations (WFUCA). Ms Haddad is the first representative from a small island developing state (SIDS) to hold this position.

Under the guidance of the new Chairperson, the Council identified actions for enhancing its impact and effectiveness, debated emerging trends and social transformation, and examined how IFAP could further support policy-makers in developing appropriate responses to the current challenges faced in the process of building knowledge societies. In its capacity as an advisory body to UNESCO, the Council also provided technical inputs to the comprehensive study on Internet related issues and participated in discussions with the External Auditor on the Organization’s ongoing governance reforms. The Council summarized its decisions for directing IFAP’s work over the coming two-year period in a set of recommendations that will be implemented by the IFAP Bureau in close cooperation with the Secretariat.

The IFAP Bureau is the executive body of the Council and ensures the Programme's visibility and implementation, appraises, selects and approves projects, holds thematic debates on issues of importance for the Programme. The new Bureau held its first session on 21 May, immediately after the Council meeting.

The Information for All Programme was established in 2001 to provide a platform for international cooperation in the area of access to information and knowledge for the participation of all in the knowledge societies. IFAP focuses on ensuring that all people have access to information and knowledge they can use to improve their lives.

La Directrice générale de l’UNESCO inaugure le 8ème Conseil du PIPT

Actualités - Wed, 21/05/2014 - 10:20

Dans son discours d’introduction, la directrice générale a fait l’éloge de l’actuel Bureau pour « la fin  d’une étape réussie grâce au travail efficace de le PIPT au cours des deux dernières années, notamment dans l’élaboration de sociétés de savoir aux niveaux international, régional et local. Elle a notamment évoqué un certain nombre de conférences internationales importantes et de projets mis en place en Afrique, en Asie, en Europe ainsi qu’en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes. Après avoir mis en évidence que « les priorités adressées par le PIPT concernent les domaines les plus changeants de la politique publique »,  Mme Bokova a incité le Comité à « renforcer la durabilité des corps nationaux du PIPT et                      sa capacité à contribuer à l’agenda de développement post-2015 ».

Le Comité est chargé de définir le planning et la mise en place du PIPT ; il révisera son évolution et décidera des orientations stratégiques du programme pour 2014-2018 lors de la session de deux jours. Il étudiera avec une attention particulière la façon d’améliorer les modalités de travail du PIPT, la situation financière et la visibilité, ainsi que la place des actions du PIPT dans le contexte de l’agenda de développement post-2015 et dans le processus du SMSI. En tant que conseiller technique de la directrice-générale, le Comité consacrera une partie de sa session à discuter de l’étude exhaustive sur les questions liées à l’Internet et entrant dans le champ de compétence de l’UNESCO, suite à la demande des Etats-membres lors de la 37ème session de la Conférence générale.

Au cours de la session, le Comité élira huit de ses membres au Bureau pour une période de deux ans. Le Bureau est le corps opérationnel du Comité, et son président et les membres du Bureau joueront probablement un rôle clé dans les groupes de travail constitués afin de s’occuper des domaines de priorité stratégique du PIPT, de soutenir les comités nationaux du PIPT dans leurs régions respectives, et de favoriser la visibilité et la mobilisation de ressources pour le programme.

Le Programme intergouvernemental Information pour tous a été fondé en 2001. Il fait office de plate-forme pour les débats de politique internationale, la coopération et le développement de recommandations pour l’action dans le domaine de l’accès à l’information et au savoir. Le programme soutient les Etats-membres afin de développer et de mettre en place des politiques nationales d’information et des cadres de stratégie dans les domaines de l’accessibilité, du développement, de l’éthique, de l’alphabétisme, de la préservation et du plurilinguisme de l’information.

L’UNESCO forme les journalistes à la sécurité numérique à Rabat

Actualités - Tue, 20/05/2014 - 11:35

La protection des données numériques est indispensable pour les journalistes qui veulent éviter que certaines informations sensibles ne tombent dans de mauvaises mains. Cela est particulièrement important pour les journalistes d’enquête qui doivent protéger l’identité de leurs sources ou de leurs données brutes.

La formation de quatre jours comprenait une introduction aux règles et conventions internationales des Droits de l’homme, des ateliers pratiques d’écriture et des modules de formation à la sécurité numérique. Ming-Kuok Lim de l’UNESCO était le formateur pour la sécurité numérique et la session de formation sur la protection de données. D’autres formateurs issus du Centre Doha OHCHR, de l’ISIC,  du Centre Doha pour la liberté de la presse et du Centre pour la démocratie, les médias et les Droits de l’homme ont participé aux formations.

Une discussion informelle avec les participants au début de la session a révélé que seuls deux participants sur trente avaient pris part à une formation de sécurité dans le passé, et qu’aucun n’avaient entendu parler ni utilisé des outils de protection de données numériques tels que VPN, TOR et des logiciels d’encodage de données.

« Le manque de compétences en sécurité numérique des participants reflète souvent celui d’autres journalistes, d’après des sondages menés dans d’autres régions », affirme Lim. « De plus en plus de journalistes prennent conscience de l’importance de la formation en sécurité numérique mais beaucoup n’ont pas la possibilité d’y prendre part », dit-il. « Beaucoup se méfient des nouveaux outils de sécurité numérique et pensent qu’ils sont « trop difficiles ou complexes à maîtriser ».

Or les logiciels de protection numérique faciles à utiliser, gratuits et libres peuvent augmenter de façon considérable la sécurité de la communication numérique et protéger les données importantes de tout accès illégal et virtuellement gratuit.

Les aspects pratiques de la formation sont fondés sur les normes internationales de sécurité des journalistes dont le Plan d’action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et la question de l’impunité mené par l’UNESCO, la Résolution A/RES/68/163 de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies ainsi que la Résolution A/HRC/21/12 du Conseil des Droits de l’homme. Toutes ces normes internationales soulignent l’importance d’assurer la sécurité des journalistes, qu’ils travaillent en ligne ou hors ligne.

Media experts applaud new UNESCO report on press freedom, now supplemented with regional overviews

News - Tue, 20/05/2014 - 11:03

The report analyzes trends in press freedom and media development along four dimensions: media freedom, pluralism, independence and safety.

In partnership with UNESCO, an Advisory Group of 27 international experts from civil society and academia contributed to the report, which was launched in Stockholm by UNESCO’s Director-General in March.

The report sparked an engaged discussion earlier this month at the International Conference of World Press Freedom Day, held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on 5 and 6 May.

Deputy Director-General Getachew Engida opened the panel discussion, describing the uniqueness of World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development. It is the first report of its kind to cover the full range of press freedom issues, he said, with a clear articulation of the changing scope of media in the digital age.

“The study specifically focuses on trends,” he said. “It is a video clip, rather than snap shot. This facilitates understanding of press freedom as a process in motion, and an analysis of the trajectories propelling us forward.”

According to Advisory Group member Remzi Lani, Executive Director of the Albanian Media Institute, the report is “an important policy tool and an important advocacy tool.”

The newly released regional overviews offer a context that can be helpful for all media organizations, he added.

“Sometimes by comparing with others, you understand yourself better,” he remarked. “It is also useful to compare yourself with your neighbors for good practices and also to compare with other regions.”

Others see the report as an opportunity to stimulate further research at a time in which the media is undergoing profound transformation.

“It is more than a report,” said Rosental Alves, Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. “It is a convocation for more research at regional levels, like a laundry list for things that would help universities to figure out what is going on.”

The report explores major developments in press freedom since 2007 around the world, with in-depth studies of each of UNESCO’s regional voting groups:

Regional launch events are planned in the coming months in the United States and India.

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development was produced with support from the Government of Sweden.

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development, as well as the six regional overviews, is openly-licensed and available online at http://www.unesco.org/new/world-media-trends.

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