Since the launch of UNESCO’s Media and Information Literacy Curriculum for Teachers in 2011 in Fès, Morocco, there has been an increased demand for the creation of a pool of expert trainers on Media and Information Literacy in a view to widespread the teaching of MIL in schools and integrate MIL into the extra-curriculum activities of young people in the Maghreb countries.
In this context UNESCO’s Rabat Office in partnership with the Arab Institute of Human Rights put in place together a plan to create and launch the first regional network of MIL expert trainers. Eighteen future expert trainers from various profiles (teachers, journalists, media professionals, librarians, etc.) duly selected by UNESCO are meeting this week in Tunis for three days to update their knowledge and expertise on MIL, enhance their skills in pedagogical practices of MIL, and agree on a plan of action to widespread the integration of MIL into the life of young people in the Maghreb countries.
Media and Information Literacy recognizes the primary role of information and media in our everyday lives. It lies at the core of freedom of expression and information since it empowers citizens to understand the functions of media and other information providers, to critically evaluate their content, and to make informed decisions as users and producer of information and media content.
This activity is made possible thanks to the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
Des experts pour parler « jeune » sur des radios à grandes audiences, des émissions faites par des jeunes et pour les jeunes, des spots de célébration… Cette année la radio prend un sacré coup de jeune !
Hit Radio, partenaire de l’événement diffusera tout au long de la Journée des spots de célébration invitant des jeunes à parler de leurs idéaux, leurs analyses, leurs réalités et le lien qui les unie à ce média. Des micros-trottoirs que Louaï Hafa, journaliste radio à e-Joussour et militant est allé recueillir avec son enregistreur audio.
Le paysage médiatique marocain n’est pas en reste. Atlantic Radio, partenaire de première importance consacrera 7 minutes en prime time à l’UNESCO, la Journée et à la jeunesse marocaine. Sept minutes de célébration, d’analyses et d’échanges.
La radio par les jeunes pour les jeunes
E-Joussour justement a saisi cette opportunité en proposant une initiative inédite au Maroc. Deux émissions d’une heure, l’une en français, l’autre en darija, diffusées sur les webradios au Maroc et dans la région Maghreb- Machrek. Durant deux heures de programme, une animatrice, un animateur, des invités jeunes et engagés dans le projet NET MED Youth au Maroc, l’analyse de l’UNESCO, pour des réflexions, débats et impressions à chaud des jeunes. Les thèmes : liberté d’expression des jeunes à la radio, représentativité des jeunes et nouvelles formes d’expressions possibles … Retrouvez l’émission sur e-Joussour.
J20Café : un café-débat pour clore la célébration
Parmi ces nouvelles formes d’expression, Marwan Elaarj en a créé et valorisé une : le J20Café. Organisé par J20.MA, en partenariat avec la Fondation HIBA et en collaboration avec l’UNESCO, J20Café est une rencontre débat qui se veut un espace d’interaction avec le public. L’objectif de J20Café est d’aborder divers thématiques socioculturelles d’actualité en rapport avec les jeunes au Maroc. A l’occasion de la journée mondiale de la Radio, et pour sa 5ème édition, J20Café a choisi d’ouvrir le débat autour de la radio, les jeunes et liberté d’expression dans le cadre du projet NET MED YOUTH de l’UNESCO. Ainsi, les questions qui se posent sont :
- Jusqu’à quel degré peut-on parler de liberté d’expression ?
- Est-ce que l’émergence de nouvelles radios garantie une expression plus libre et participative ?
- Quelles pourraient être les alternatives à la radio traditionnelle ?
Autant de questions auxquelles il sera possible de trouver des réponses. Pour cela, rendez-vous le 13 février au Cinéma Renaissance, 360 Avenue Mohammed V, 10000 Rabat, Maroc ou d’ores-et-déjà sur la page Facebook de l’événement.
Experts will speak “in the words of youth” to large audiences through radio, broadcasts made by youth and for youth, celebration spots ... This year the radio goes through a big makeover!
Hit Radio, a partner for the event, will broadcast celebration spots throughout the Day, inviting young people to talk about their ideals, their analyses, their realities and the link between them and this media. Vox pops that Louaï Hafa, radio journalist and advocate at e-Joussour went collecting with his audio recorder.
The Moroccan media landscape is not staying behind. Atlantic Radio, a major partner, will devote seven minutes in prime time to UNESCO, the Day and Moroccan youth. Seven minutes of celebration, analyses and exchanges.
Radio for youth and by youth
E-Joussour took this opportunity to propose an unprecedented initiative in Morocco: two one-hour programs, one in French and one in darija, broadcasted on Internet radio in Morocco and the Maghreb-Mashreq region. During the two hours of programming, a presenter, a commentator, young guests engaged in the NET MED Youth project in Morocco, the analysis of UNESCO, will come together to reflect, discuss and share impressions of youth. The themes: youth´s freedom of expression on the radio, youth´s representation and new possible forms of expression… Find the programme on e-Joussour.
J20Café: a debate-café to close the celebration
Among these new forms of expression, Marwan Elaarj has created and given value to one: the J20Café. Organized by J20.MA, in partnership with the HIBA Foundation and in collaboration with UNESCO, J20Café is a debate forum that aims to facilitate a space for interaction with the public. The objective of J20Café is to address various current socio-cultural issues related to youth in Morocco. On the occasion of World Radio Day, J20Café chose, for its 5th edition, to open a debate on radio, youth and freedom of expression in the framework of UNESCO’s NET-MED YOUTH project. Thus, the questions that arise are:
To what extent can we speak of freedom of expression?
Does the emergence of new radios guarantee a more free participatory speech?
What could be the alternatives to traditional radio?
According to this document, stakeholders such as governments, academia and professional community, industry, media and content producers, and others should, among others:
- Formulate, contribute and adopt sustainable national language policies on the crucial issue of linguistic diversity and multilingualism, including promotion, safeguarding, representation, technological development, especially for the improvement of access to cyberspace for disadvantaged communities;
- Encourage developments on language technology systems and tools with extensive multilingual capabilities, with regard to operating systems, search engines and web browsers and to consider facilitating affordable Internet access in public service institutions.
- Strengthen international cooperation and building partnerships to support capacity-building for the production and distribution of local and indigenous content in digital and open forms and work to provide necessary resources to alleviate barriers for a different language users, including marginalized communities.
Recalling the importance of upscaling the existing tool for promotion and monitoring of linguistic diversity and multilingualism, experts recommended to develop UNESCO’s World Atlas of Languages along the following steps over the next two-year period:
- Establishment of an Advisory Group composed of professionals and experts within the relevant fields, respecting geographical representation and gender balance;
- Development of a mechanism and sustainable tools for monitoring language vitality and for the assessment, promotion and preservation using innovative technological solutions;
- Promotion of multilingualism in the context of the international frameworks such as Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals and on the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes implementation and seek support for other international events.
Once operational, the UNESCO’s World Atlas of Languages should contain a full data on languages, policies, regulations, technical recommendations and best practices in this field. It is expected that a new globally accessible and open online platform will be used for monitoring and promotion of the world’s languages online, strengthen cooperation and knowledge sharing using open and inclusive technological solutions among international, regional and national language institutions.
The international expert meeting, held from 28 to 29 October 2014 in Paris, was organized by UNESCO in cooperation with the Government of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra (Russian Federation), the Permanent Delegation of the Russian Federation for UNESCO and the Russian Committee of the UNESCO Information for All Programme.
Concepts contained in the MDIs such as public service broadcasting “are relevant to fulfill the information needs of many local communities and vulnerable groups” said Dr. Zhongda Yuan from the Beijing Normal University, one of the workshop’s facilitators. Dr. Yuan has also translated into Chinese the IPDC-endorsed publication Media Development Indicators: A framework for assessing media development in close consultation with the UNESCO Beijing Office.
This workshop was organized within the framework of the IPDC project “Improving the Media Landscape in the Ethnic Minority Area of Yunnan Province”. This project also involved an MDI-based research activity in four pilot areas of the Yunnan province which comprises 26 ethnic groups and more than 25 local broadcast outlets, in additional to a provincial broadcaster, catering to 47 million inhabitants. The research was conducted in the form a surveys among both media professionals and their audiences.
The survey polled a sample of 115 media professionals, 75% of which were from minorities. The results highlighted the need to increase locally-produced content which is scarce due to lack of adequate staffing and resources in local media outlets. They also suggested the need to introduce media self-regulation and to enhance production skills. Concerning safety of media workers, about five per cent of the Survey’s respondents said that they had been harassed or threatened because of their profession, while one reporter stated having been subject to a physical attack, and another having been forced to reveal a source.
The findings of the survey portrayed a working environment in which small media outlets have to fulfill obligations towards local authorities. They also revealed a trend of mounting commercial pressure, with an increased part of the running budget of local media outlets needing to be generated by advertisement, leaving them struggling for economic sustainability in a context of competition with bigger media players.
From the survey involving a sample of the media audience it emerged that the majority of viewers of local television outlets prefer watching “TV news and information programs” (69% of respondents), followed by “arts programs” (11%). These results contrast with audiences’ preferences for provincial and national outlets, where entertainment programmes are most commonly sought. A clear majority of the audiences of local television outlets surveyed would like to see more locally-produced content broadcast (83% of respondents), reflecting the voices of ethnic minorities (65%), poor people (28%) and women (24%).
Such request for locally-produced content can be explained by the fact that “people want information relevant to them and their livelihoods” explained Mr. Haining Wu, Secretary-General of the CSFFTAP. The survey’s conclusions have been shared with relevant national authorities and CSFFTAP is planning to organize a “high-level” roundtable discussion later this year. CSFFTAP’s Secretary-General hopes that these activities will contribute to addressing current challenges of multilingual and local media outlets.
As a follow up to the survey’s recommendations, CSFFTAP has organized a first training workshop in Kunming, focusing on TV Program Production in Ethnic Minority Languages, and benefiting 30 media professionals selected from amongst nine local media outlets. Twelve ethnic minorities (Bai, Dai, Hani, Hui, Jingbo, Lisu, Miao, Naxi, Yi, Wa, Zang, and Zhuang) were represented and 13 of the participants were women.
Introducing the MDI methodology at the workshop, Andrea Cairola, Adviser for Communication and Information at the UNESCO Beijing Office, mentioned the importance of media pluralism and multilingualism to reflect the diversities of society. He also quoted UNESCO’s Director-General Ms. Irina Bokova stressing that: “Every language is equal and linked. Each is a unique force for understanding, writing and expressing reality…It is through language that we make sense of the world and that we can transform it for the better.”
One media professional from an ethnic minority who attended the workshop in Kunming said that “this kind of training and the MDI framework are really useful and can be applied in our daily work.” Other participants expressed the wish that such trainings and assessments contribute to advocating for policies supporting the flourishing of local media.
The CSFFTAP had applied to IPDC for support with a project proposal that was approved by the IPDC Bureau at its 57th meeting in March 2013. IPDC is the only multilateral forum in the UN system designed to mobilize the international community to discuss and promote media development.
Destacando la importancia de la publicación, el Dr. Indrajit Banerjee, Director de la División de las Sociedades del Conocimiento, Comunicación y Sector de Información, UNESCO señaló “SciELO fue lanzado cuatro años antes de la Declaración de Budapest, y seis años antes de la Declaración de Berlín sobre Acceso Abierto y fue pionero en el concepto de Acceso Abierto y trajo la investigación al fácil alcance de la gente común. A partir de 10 revistas en un seminario público en São Paulo en su año de inicio al nivel actual de 1.000 revistas y 500.000 artículos descargables libremente es una hazaña notable y un ejemplo de enfoque de Acceso Abierto por excelencia!”
De igual manera, teniendo en cuenta la importancia de la publicación, el Sr. Abel Packer, Director de SciELO declaró que “el espíritu pionero y el alcance de SciELO es mejorar la calidad, visibilidad, uso y impacto de las revistas que están disponibles en forma Abierta. SciELO integra las funciones de indexación, evaluación del desempeño de la revista, publicación online en acceso abierto y diseminación siguiendo las normas internacionales de más alta calidad“. SciELO se implementa a través de una red de colecciones nacionales de revistas que se extiende a través de 16 países, la mayoría de América Latina y Caribe, más Portugal, Sud África y España.
Siguiendo el mandato dado a la UNESCO en 2009, UNESCO ha estado trabajando en el campo del Acceso Abierto para fortalecer el mandato de clearing-house de la organización. La 187ª sesión del Comité Ejecutivo aprobó la estrategia de la UNESCO para la promoción del Acceso Abierto a la información e investigación científica, que también fue adoptada por la Conferencia General en la 36ª sesión. Implícito en la estrategia está diseminar los enfoques claves al Acceso Abierto que no solamente son pioneros sino también son pioneros en que se dio un ejemplo replicable a todo el mundo. La publicación actual se publica en el marco del mismo mandato.
SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) es una biblioteca electrónica de Revistas de Acceso Abierto. Es una parte integral de un proyecto desarrollado por FAPESP - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo y creado en colaboración con BIREME – Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde. Desde 2002, el Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) también apoya a SciELO.
First Meeting on promoting the rights of persons with disabilities in Uganda through the use of inclusive technologies
Fifteen participants representing government institutions, Disabled Persons Organisations (DPOs), academic institutions and the UN System attended the Policy Board and Management Committee meeting with the aim to provide technical input to the activities of the 2-year project. The implementation of the two year project will be guided by the Policy Board and Management Committee, consisting of all relevant stakeholders in order to ensure that the project is both focused on national priorities and comprehensive in exploring the use of Inclusive Technologies for people with disabilities in Uganda.
In keeping with Uganda’s Vision 2040 and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Articles 9, 21 and 24), this project will be achieved by a two track approach. One track will focus on strengthening the policy environment through the development of relevant policies and guidelines as well as the establishment of an appropriate governance structure. The second track will focus on the development of educational materials in accessible formats. In addition, the programme will engage organizations of persons with disabilities, key government partners (including teachers), information professionals and publishing companies into a multistakeholder coalition to promote the creation and distribution of accessible information, especially educational resources, for persons with visual and hearing impairments in Uganda. The programme will support the coalition in monitoring the implementation of initiatives using of Inclusive technology to advance inclusive education and access to information.
Members of the Policy Board and Management Committee expressed their satisfaction in this initiative as many DPOs and stakeholders working with learners in Uganda, do not know the potential of Inclusive technologies in ensuring Inclusive Education and Access to Information.
The Policy Board and Management Committee will exist for the period corresponding to the duration of the project (2 years). The Policy Board and Management Committee will meet on a quarterly basis in Kampala, Uganda but will allow for remote participation in using new technologies.
The Innovative use of ICTs for persons with disabilities form part of UNESCO’s actions to enhance the full participation of citizens in the knowledge societies.
With a view to empowering persons with disabilities and assuring the inclusion of disability issues into the sustainable development agenda of Member States, UNESCO, in cooperation with the Government of India, with support of The State of Kuwait, and also international, regional and national public and private partners, organized the first international Conference entitled From Exclusion to Empowerment: The Role of Information and Communication Technologies for Persons with Disabilities held in New Delhi from 24 to 26 November 2014.
The Conference was attended by some 700 participants from 80 countries, alongside with the film festival themed around disability issues, an ICT solutions-oriented exhibition and a special workshop. High-level dialogues were held at plenary level and in 15 parallel sessions, divided into three thematic discussions on partnerships and sustainable development, accessibility and technological solutions, and access to information and knowledge (http://www.unesco-ci.org/ict-pwd/). The Outcome Document – The New Delhi Declaration on Inclusive ICTs for Persons with Disabilities: Making Empowerment a Reality, was developed by the open-ended, multistakeholder and high level drafting group recalling the urgent need for the full and unconditional inclusion of all citizens in the life of societies.
The UNESCO Media Development Indicators framework is applied in countries worldwide to carry out in-depth assessments of their media environment. These assessments result in a series of recommendations aimed at helping policy makers and media development actors to address gaps on the way to a free, independent and professional media environment – the core objectives of the Support to Media in Jordan project.
“The MDI framework is agreed by UNESCO’s Member States and offers a unique research tool to measure what is needed to improve media freedom, independence and professionalism” stated Johan Romare, UNESCO Project Manager for the Support to Media in Jordan project.
Following Tunisia, Egypt and Palestine, Jordan will be the fourth Arab country in which a comprehensive MDI assessment will be completed. The MDI study for Jordan is implemented in partnership with International Media Support (IMS), an international media development organization that has been involved in several MDI assessments worldwide. Biljana Tatomir, Deputy Director of IMS, emphasized that "MDI-based assessments provide a basis for an informed debate between all stakeholders involved in media reform efforts by pointing out achievements as well as areas in need of further improvement. I believe the forthcoming assessment stands a good chance to serve its purpose in Jordan due to expressed interest and commitment by the government, civil society and media stakeholders."
The research team for Jordan includes two international researches and four national researchers with extensive experience in media development and research. The assessment is expected to be published in July. The recommendations from the report will feed into the review process of the Action Plan of the national media strategy, a main activity of the “Support to Media in Jordan” project. Currently, an advisory board for the study is being set up.
The “Support to Media in Jordan” project is part of a broader EU initiative to support civil society and media in Jordan and is implemented by the UNESCO Amman office in close collaboration with the main state and non-state media institutions in Jordan.
The questionnaire consultation consists of two components: a global consultation through UNESCO website with 98 responses submitted and a regional pilot one in the Latin America through a portal website of Observacom with 102 questionnaires completed.
The 98 responses and submissions to the global consultation are submitted by all stakeholders including Governments (14), International Organization (5), Civil Society and NGOs including individual users (44), Private Sector (3), Academia (28), Technical Community (2) and Others (2).
In the regional consultation in Latin America, the actors who participated in the consultation were from the following countries: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, USA, El Salvador, Spain, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela. According to the record participation stemmed from the following sectors: Civil Society and NGOs, including individual users (32.65%), Academia (36.73%), Private Sector (3.06%), Technical Community (1.02%), International Organizations (3.06%), Government (4.08%), Individual users (19.39 %).
These responses, will feed into a comprehensive Internet-related study in access, freedom of expression, privacy, and ethical dimensions of the information society as well as options for future action, as mandated by UNESCO’s 195 Member States through Resolution 52 of the Organization’s 37th General Conference (November 2013). It will also help with the discussion of the first draft in the forthcoming Multistakeholder Internet Conference: CONNECTing the Dots: Options for Future Actions at UNESCO headquarters on 3-4 March 2015. More information on the Internet Conference is available here.
UNESCO thanks all those submitters, whose responses have been well considered and provide solid basis for the implementation of the Internet study. These responses and submissions are therefore published at the below link, for the reference of general public.
Please note that all submitters have been explicitly informed that their responses would be published on UNESCO’s website prior to their submission. The ideas and opinions expressed in their responses and references are those of the submitters; they are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization.
To access the submission page please click here.
The meeting provided a forum for the sharing of best practices on ICT skills training for teachers across regions and discussed existing OER training materials to support ICT training for teachers. In addition, the discussions included exchange on areas of concern for the EU Reference Framework for ‘digitally competent’ teachers to be developed this year by the European Commission Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS). Experiences at the national level in using the UNESCO ICT Competency Framework for Teachers were also discussed in the meeting deliberations.
The ICT CFT is a set of competencies that teachers need to integrate ICT into their practice and professional development to advance student learning. A key area of activity of UNESCO in this domain is to support the use of the ICT CFT harnessing OER-based teacher training materials. OER –are education resources which incorporate a license that facilitates reuse and adaptation without first requesting permission from the copyright holder.
The meeting brought together representatives of the Ministries of Education of Finland, Germany, Kenya, Norway, Portugal, Rwanda, Spain and Turkey as well as experts from the European Commission in Brussels and the European Commission IPTS in Seville, the European SchoolNet, the University of Essen-Duisberg and from the Moscow based UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education (IITE).
This meeting was organized by the Communication and Information Sector of UNESCO as part of its Programme and Budget for 2014-2015 to empower Member States through universal access to information and knowledge. It responded to the expectations under the overarching objective of building inclusive knowledge societies.
Speaking at the conference, Dr Indrajit Banerjee, Director of Knowledge Societies Division of UNESCO, highlighted OA and its context within the broader significance of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as the Knowledge Societies framework and highlighted the roles that OA can play to foster four pillars of the knowledge societies.
The representative of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Kenya, expressed the fundamental relevance of OA for Kenya in facilitating the knowledge flow between and among all relevant stakeholders. The representative of the Kenyan National Science Foundation stated the significance of OA to foster the core values of the Constitution of Kenya. Reiterating their commitments to OA, other delegates urged the need of redefining the context of advocacy, networking and capacity development for OA in the continent.
The consultation is being organized:
- to initiate a dialogue between scientists and policy-makers among stakeholders that will lead to the drafting of the NASAC Project Proposal on an Open Access Initiative for Africa;
- to support the development of science-based advice on Open Access for Africa by the NASAC, with special input by UNESCO and KNAW - the Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences;
- to establish relationships with organizations keen on Open Access and provide evidence to African policy-makers and other stakeholders in Africa working in the area of Open Access;
- to bring together researchers, academics, scholars, publishers and librarians responsible for the publishing of research to exchange and share their experiences and research results with regards to Open Access;
- to discuss the new models of scholarly communication based on open access, and the practical challenges encountered and the solutions that should be adopted;
- to understand/share the experiences, investment and commitment of countries where successful OA has been implemented;
- to focus beyond building the project and developing recommendations to policymakers — with an ultimate target audience of the African Union (AU).
- UNESCO promotes Open Access (OA), with particular emphasis on scientific information (journal articles, conference papers and datasets of various kinds) emanating from publicly funded research. Working with partners, UNESCO works to improve awareness about the benefits of OA among policy makers, researchers and knowledge managers. Through its global network of Field Offices, Institutes and Centers, UNESCO facilitates the development and adoption of OA-enabling policies. In addition, UNESCO engages in global OA debates and cooperates with local, regional and global initiatives in support of OA.
UNESCO’s OA programme pays particular attention to African and other developing countries where, notwithstanding important gains in ICT availability, OA prevalence, both in terms of output and usage, remains low.
The conference, organized by the Centre for Peace and Development Initiatives (CPDI) and Pakistan Coalitions on Media Safety (PCOMS), was attended by more than 70 international and local representatives consisting of media practitioners, lawyers, political leaders, and human rights activist.
The Minister of Information and Broadcast of Pakistan, Mr Pervaiz Rasheed, Ambassador of Denmark to Pakistan, Mr Jesper Møller Sørensen, Ambassador of Norway to Pakistan Mr Leif Larsen, and Ambassador of Afghanistan to Pakistan, Mr Janan Mosazai opened the conference
The participants of the conference strongly supported the call for better protection for journalists and media workers especially through the adoption a comprehensive media safety law that will help create a safe environment for the media to flourish, to improve the safety of media practitioners, and also the creation of a special prosecutor for crimes against the media.
Mr Altzaz Ahsan, veteran barrister, activist, and constitutional theorist, argued that journalism is a special field where the specificities of the work expose the journalists, media houses, and subjects of the work to certain danger. This warrants a special law dedicated to the issue. Furthermore, substantive responsibility to better protect journalists and media workers has to be placed on the government and that media houses should provide at least some security measures for their journalists
UNESCO’s Programme Specialist from the Freedom of Expression Section, Mr Ming-Kuok LIM was on hand to address the role of the United Nations, specifically UNESCO, in promoting safety of journalists especially within the framework of UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity and other international instruments. He noted that safety of journalists is a complex problem and that it takes the cooperation of all stakeholders to tackle the issue. According to the UNESCO Director-General’s Report on the Safety of Journalists and the Danger of Impunity there were 48 journalists killed between 2006-2013 which took place in Pakistan.
The title is published to provide a best case practice model that can be replicated in other parts of the world. UNESCO and SciELO stand committed to support interested countries or a group of Member States to initiate the SciELO model of Open Access journal publication.
Highlighting the significance of the publication, Dr. Indrajit Banerjee, Director of the Division of Knowledge Societies, Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO noted “SciELO was launched four years before the Budapest Declaration, and six years before the Berlin Declaration on Open Access and pioneered the concept of Open Access and brought research to the easy reach of the common people. From 10 journals at a public workshop in São Paulo on its inception year to the current level of 1000 journals and 500,000 freely downloadable articles is a remarkable feat and an example of Open Access approach par-excellence!
Similarly, noting the significance of the publication, Mr Abel Packer, Director of SciELO stated that “the pioneering spirit and scope of SciELO is to improve the quality, visibility, usage and impact of journals that are available Openly. SciELO integrates the functions of indexing, journal performance evaluation, online open access publication and dissemination following international standards of the highest quality.” SciELO is implemented through a network of national collections of journals that extends through 16 countries, most of Latin American and Caribbean plus Portugal, South Africa and Spain.
Following the mandate given to UNESCO in 2009, UNESCO has been working in the field of Open Access to strengthen the organization's clearing-house mandate. The 187th session of the Executive Board approved UNESCO's strategy for the promotion of Open Access to scientific information and research, which was also adopted by the General Conference at its 36th session. Implicit in the strategy was to disseminate key approaches to Open Access that are not only pioneering but also are path-breaking that set a replicable example to the whole world. The current publication is published within the framework of the same mandate.
SciELO (The Scientific Electronic Library Online) is an electronic library of Open Access Journals. It is an integral part of a project being developed by FAPESP - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo and created in partnership with BIREME - the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information. Since 2002, the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) also supports SciELO.
The talks, staged by the Council’s Heritage Services in the Bath Guildhall on 14, 21 and 28 January 2015, present the perfect opportunity to learn more about some of the most significant written documents in the history of the world, which are held right here in the UK.
Mr Ben Stevens, Cabinet Member for Sustainable Development, said on that occasion: “These documents were of great importance in the past and are also of great importance to us today – helping us to better understand the world in which we live.”
The first talk about the Mappa Mundi took place on Wednesday 14 January. It was delivered by Sarah Arrowsmith, the Education Officer at Hereford Cathedral where it is displayed. This is the only complete example of a large mediaeval world map intended for public display. It gives us a window onto the world as it was known in the middle ages. It is drawn on vellum (calf skin) and holds historical, anthropological, ethnographical, theological, biblical and classical images and information. It presents a view of a world very different from ours. It wasn't intended to help find places. It relied as much on pictures as on words; many of its viewers couldn't read. It was to be treated reverentially. The world is depicted as round and flat. It's populated with such diverse creatures as Adam and Eve, Noah and his beasts, Emperor Caesar Augustus, a man riding a very unrealistic crocodile, and an imaginary being called a Sciapod who shelters himself from the burning sun with one huge foot. Mythological beasts jostle for space. The 12 winds are named and represented by dragons and grotesque squatting figures. Jerusalem is the center of the world. Countries and oceans are squeezed and stretched to fit into the map's circle. The Mappa Mundi is a work of history, zoology, anthropology and especially theology. It reveals how 13th-century scholars interpreted the world in spiritual terms. The map covers all time, from creation to doomsday. Mappa Mundi is on prominent display at the gorgeous cathedral in Hereford, England
On Wednesday 21 January, the Magna Carta was the subject for Seif El Rashidi, the Magna Carta 800 Manager at Salisbury Cathedral. 2015 will be the 800th anniversary of its signing. Only four copies of the original Magna Carta exist, and one is held by Salisbury Cathedral. Considered by some to be the most significant document in our history, it set out for the first time the English principles of liberty, law and democracy and had a worldwide influence which endures to this day. The charter imposed constraints on royal authority in the areas of taxation, feudal rights and justice, thereby limiting unfair and arbitrary behaviour by the king towards his subjects. The Magna Carta was signed in June 1215 between the barons of Medieval England and King John. 'Magna Carta' is Latin and means "Great Charter". The Magna Carta was one of the most important documents of Medieval England. It is regarded as “an icon for freedom and democracy throughout the world”.
The final talk – to be given by Roman Baths Manager Stephen Clews about the Roman Curse Tablets from Bath – will be on Wednesday 28 January 2015. They were included on the UK Register earlier this year. The Tablets are prayers requesting the assistance of the goddess Sulis Minerva in righting wrongs and ask for sometimes blood curdling punishment for the perpetrators of crimes. Some were written backwards to increase their potency. They provide a very different insight into the Roman world from that which comes down to us from other surviving documents.
UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme vision is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance. The Programme is thus intended to protect documentary heritage, and to help networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for the preservation of, and the access to, documentary and archival collections of valuable records.
Après un rappel des notions et techniques de base pour la production des émissions thématiques dans les domaines de la santé, de l’agriculture, de l’environnement et de l’éducation, les formateurs et les participants ont analysé les résultats des enquêtes préalablement menées auprès de ces radios. Ces enquêtes avaient principalement porté sur les sujets suivants : développer le respect pour les petits exploitants agricoles ; donner aux agriculteurs, au personnel médical, aux enseignants ainsi qu’aux autres parties prenantes l’opportunité de parler et de se faire entendre ; fournir les informations les plus utiles quand elles sont nécessaires ; et diffuser les émissions sur les sujets de préoccupation locale d’une façon constante et divertissante.
Les participants ont par la suite appris comment rendre les informations clés disponibles à l’aide des moyens autres que la diffusion radio pour maximiser leur impact sur le public, par exemple au moyen des lettres, des tribunes téléphoniques et des SMS. Ils ont aussi appris comment faire la promotion des émissions dans les domaines de préoccupation principale pour leur auditeurs. Enfin, dans le but de rendre leur émissions divertissantes, les participants ont fait des exercices de simulation qui les ont aidé à organiser des tribunes téléphoniques et des jeux questionnaires, à utiliser les éléments dramatiques comme le suspense et la narration, à recourir à l’humour de façon appropriée et régulière, et à inclure de la musique locale pour animer leur programmes.
Ces ateliers se sont tenus simultanément dans les sites des quatre radios suivantes : à Kasumbalesa pour la Radio Déogracias, à Kenge pour la Radio Kimvuka na Lutondo, à Kimpese pour la Radio Bangu, et à Moanda pour la radio communautaire de Moanda.
After a review of basic concepts and techniques related to the production of thematic programmes in the area of health, agriculture, environment and education, trainers and participants analyzed the results of surveys that had been conducted prior to the workshop among the participating radios. The surveys had focused on the following main subjects: developing respect for small farmers; providing farmers, health personnel, teachers and other stakeholders in the project with the opportunity to speak and be heard; offering the most useful information when it is required; and broadcasting programmes on the topics of local concern in a constant and entertaining way.
During the workshops participants also learnt how to disseminate key information by other means than broadcasting, such as letters, phone-in programmes and SMS, and how to better promote programmes of main interest for their audiences. In order to make radio programmes entertaining, participants did simulation exercises, which helped them organize in-phone programmes and quizzes, use dramatic elements like suspense and story-telling, use humor appropriately and regularly, and include local music to animate their programmes.
The workshops were held simultaneously in the premises of the following four radio stations: in Kasumbalesa for Radio Déogracias, in Kenge for Radio Kimvuka na Lutondo, in Kimpese for Radio Bangu, and in Moanda for the Moanda community radio.
The case study research, collaboratively delivered by 16 international researchers led by Ms Rebecca MacKinnon and Mr Allon Bar, as well as 14 members of International Advisory Committee, covers of three categories of intermediaries:
- Internet Service Providers (fixed line and mobile) such as Vodafone (UK, Germany, Egypt), Vivo/Telefônica Brasil (Brazil), Bharti Airtel (India, Kenya), Safaricom (Kenya),
- Search Engines such as Google (USA, EU, India, China, Russia), Baidu (China), Yandex (Russia) and
- Social Networking Platforms such as Facebook (USA, Germany, India, Brazil, Egypt), Twitter (USA, Kenya), Weibo (China), iWiW (Hungary).
The research showed that internet intermediaries are heavily influenced by the legal and policy environments of states, but they do have leeway over many areas of policy and practice affecting online expression and privacy. The findings also highlighted the challenge where many state policies, laws, and regulations are – to varying degrees - poorly aligned with the duty to promote and protect intermediaries’ respect for freedom of expression. It is a resource which enables the assessment of Internet intermediaries’ decisions on freedom of expression, by ensuring that any limitations are consistent with international standards. The research also recommends specific ways that intermediaries and states can improve respect for internet users’ right to freedom of expression. This is through promoting:
- adequate legal frameworks and policies consistent with international norms,
- multi-stakeholder policy development,
- transparency of governance,
- accountability in self-regulation,
- mechanisms for remedy, and
- public information and education.
UNESCO has succeeded in raising awareness and promoting good practice through past research in the UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom: Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet (2011) and Global survey on Internet Privacy and Freedom of Expression (2012).
This rich material in this, the third in UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom, will be of great value to all stakeholders. These are industry actors, UNESCO Member States, technical community, Intergovernmental organizations, private sector, civil society, and others both national and international.
This research is linked to UNESCO draft conceptual framework of “Internet universality” which draws from UNESCO decisions on the Internet, and recognises that four core principles should inform cyber actors. These principles are that the Internet should be human rights-based, open, accessible for all and governed by multi-stakeholder participation.
The research also helps to inform UNESCO’s implementation of a comprehensive and consultative multi-stakeholder Internet study as mandated by the Organization’s 37th General Conference Resolution 52. The study, due in 2015, covers UNESCO’s key competence areas of access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy, and ethical dimensions of the information society, and contains possible options for future actions.
The research has been presented at a number of international events including the 9th Internet Governance Forum and the 4th UN Forum on Business and Human rights. The publication will initially be launched at UNESCO’s forthcoming Internet conference “Connecting the Dots: Options for Future Action” (3-4 March 2015).
A special guest at the “Journalism after Charlie” event on 14 January at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, Ms Shala underlined to the more than 400 participants why IPDC supported journalists’ safety.
She noted that while there are different reasons why journalists become targets of killers, there was also “something in common between the murdered Charlie Hebdo cartoonists, investigative journalists and political correspondents shot dead in Mexico, Philippines, Pakistan and Syria”.
“In all cases, these journalists and others have been killed because of the public role they play. They have been killed by people who believe it is legitimate to stop words and images with violence. In all cases, the effect is the same. The murdered journalists cannot bear witness, and society no longer has the choice of knowing what they would have said.”
The Chair’s remarks mirrored those of speakers such as UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova, the cartoonist Plantu, as well as journalists from several countries and religious leaders.
The Chair added that she herself worked on a daily basis with journalists in conflict regions and countries in transition. “These are the ones who dare denounce corruption, crime, human rights abuses. They are the ones who are threatened, arrested and even killed.”
She pointed out that IPDC monitors all these cases and draws attention to the fact that killings of journalists are not just against individuals, but also an assault on everyone’s right to free expression, and on society’s right to know.
“The IPDC’s monitoring shows that there is a fundamental issue that Governments should deal with - the issue of impunity. Dealing with impunity calls for legal and institutional reform. It calls for will and courage on the part of Member States to protect journalists and bring to justice the drug barons, the corrupted politicians, the fundamentalists.”
She concluded: “The recent events underline the importance of what we do, and they encourage us to redouble our efforts. I pledge that IPDC will continue to strive for a world in which everyone is safe to speak and where justice is made.”
Other special guests included Christophe Deloire of Reporters sans frontières, Jesper Hojberg of International Media Support, and Dominique Pradalié of the Syndicat national des journalists (SNJ). The event was supported financially by the delegations of Austria, France and Sweden, and was done in partnership with broadcast station France Culture.
The training attracted participation of 30 librarians from 29 public libraries that currently provide public access to computers and Internet in Kenya. It aimed at enhancing public librarians’ information and communications technologies (ICT) and e-literacy skills, in order to make better use of ICT for new public library services to meet community needs.
The training also aimed at helping support delivery of the Millennium Development Goals by enabling public librarians to use ICT in new services that meet community needs in development areas such as agriculture, education, health, culture, social inclusion and e-literacy.
During the training Ms Ramune Petuchovaite, Manager of the EIFL Public Library Innovation Programme (EIFL-PLIP) stated that “ICT’s role in accelerating development is now widely recognized in Africa and that governments are speeding up the roll-out of ICT infrastructure and equipment to aid this developments. With these developments, it is important that public libraries be included in national ICT policies and strategies.”
“To date, only 29 out of 60 libraries are adequately equipped with ICT infrastructure in Kenya. There is, therefore, an undoubted need for both library staff and our clients to upgrade their ICT skills to be able to better utilize the resources that we currently have in place,” said Mr Richard Atuti, Director of the Kenya National Library Service.
This training adapted courses and training methods currently being tested in Ghana and Uganda by EIFL to fit the Kenyan context and supported a broader Kenya National Library Service initiative of engaging partners in transforming libraries across the country into ICT hubs.
This capacity building initiative falls within the framework of UNESCO, supporting adoption of ICT in public libraries and also enabling the creation of new services for users in Kenya.
Kenya National Library Service is a statutory body established to develop, equip, manage and maintain national and public library services, to promote information literacy and reading, and to enhance stakeholder participation in development of libraries in Kenya, while EIFL Public Library Innovation Programme (EIFL-PLIP) advances community development by enabling public libraries to implement innovative ideas that use technology to improve people’s lives and livelihoods.
Les participants se sont réunis lors d'un atelier organisé par l'UNESCO en partenariat avec MENA MEDIA MONITORING, dans le cadre du projet réseau de jeunesse méditerranéenne (NET-Med Jeunesse), qui est financé par l'Union européenne et mis en œuvre dans 10 pays de la rive Sud de la méditerranée.
Organisé à la suite du lancement officiel des groupes de travail Net-MED Youth au Maroc les 22-23 Novembre et en Tunisie, les 5-6 Décembre, cet atelier a pour objectif la collecte des arguments concrets sur lesquels pourraient se construire les différentes activités prévues dans le cadre de l'axe médias du projet.
Faire du monitoring des médias « c’est apprendre à observer, c’est regarder les choses d'une façon plus logique et plus objective… » a déclaré Jihen Ayed, responsable des médias et de la communication à Tun'Act en Tunisie. Elle a noté que la formation lui a appris à se pencher sur les médias, en profondeur, concluant « on ne pourra jamais améliorer les médias et assurer la participation des jeunes sans chercher les points faibles et le monitoring conduit à cette recherche ».
Les travaux de monitoring des médias seront complétés par une enquête sur les perceptions des jeunes sur les médias, prévu début 2015. Les résultats de cette recherche seront intégrés à une stratégie de sensibilisation qui sera menée par les jeunes cherchant à mobiliser les médias afin que les préoccupations des jeunes gens et les perspectives soient mieux reflétées dans la couverture médiatique, en vue d’appuyer leur participation à l'élaboration, l'examen et la mise en œuvre des politiques publiques ayant un impact particulier sur les jeunes.
Des efforts similaires sont aussi attendus dans les différents pays cibles du NET-Med Jeunesse, conduisant à un partage de connaissances et d'expertises: en vue de l’amélioration de la représentation médiatique de la jeunesse dans le Sud de la Méditerranée.
Les participants ayant pris part à cet l'atelier ont contribué activement à la définition d'une méthodologie qu’ils ont eu l’occasion de tester sur des exercices pratiques axés sur l'observation du contenu de programmes de radio et de télévision de l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie.
Adel Boucherguine, de la Ligue Algérienne pour la défense des Droits de l’homme a souligné l'utilité du monitoring des médias dans le cadre du projet NET-Med Jeunesse, car il permet aux jeunes de la région d’apprendre comment fonctionnent les médias, et éclaire sur la couverture médiatique des différents contextes et thèmes, notamment en ce qui concerne la représentation des jeunes et des femmes. Il permet aux jeunes d'observer ces aspects "d'une manière scientifique et objective", a t-il ajouté.
Ainsi, les participants de l'atelier ont acquis de nouvelles compétences qui les aideront à piloter le projet NET-Med Jeunesse, mais plus largement renforcer leur engagement critique et constructif avec les médias, et renforcer leur plaidoyer. Comme l'a dit Mohamed Outahar, qui représentait l'Association Médias et Culture du Maroc: «Les connaissances acquises et les techniques appropriées, tout au long de la semaine de formation, seront certainement une plateforme sur laquelle nous pourrions développer de projets et créer de partenaires de Média Monitoring autour de questions d’ordre social, culturel, politique et religieux dans le contexte marocain ».
Pour plus d'informations sur cette activité, veuillez contacter:
- Rosario Soraide, NET-MED Jeunesse, équipe de coordination au Siège de l'UNESCO, composante Jeunesse et médias du projet
- Nacim Filali, coordinateur du projet NET-Med Jeunesse en Algérie
- Zoubida Mseffer, coordinatrice du projet NET-Med Jeunesse au Maroc
- Salma Negra, coordinatrice du projet de NET-Med Jeunesse en Tunisie