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Irina Bokova defiende la libertad de expresión durante la Semana de Almedalen en Suecia

Noticias - Thu, 07/07/2016 - 14:29

El acto contó con la participación de la Excma. Sra. Alice Bah Kuhnke, Ministra de Cultura y Democracia, junto con otras personalidades entre las que figuraban Maria Persson Löfgren, corresponsal en el extranjero de la Radio Sueca, Jonathan Lundqvist, de Reporteros Suecos Sin Fronteras, y Thomas Mattsson, redactor jefe de Expressen. El acto comenzó con una entrevista con la Sra. Khadija Ismayilova, galardonada en 2016 con el Premio Mundial de Libertad de Prensa UNESCO-Guillermo Cano.

La Semana de Almedalen es una importante reunión política que se celebra todos los años en Suecia y en la que intervienen partidos políticos, representantes del Gobierno y dirigentes políticos, así como los medios de comunicación. En el transcurso de la semana se organizan más de mil eventos, en los que participan varias decenas de miles de personas.

Irina Bokova agradeció su invitación a la Radio Sueca y, especialmente, a su Directora General, la Sra. Cilla Benkö, y destacó el profundo compromiso de Suecia con la defensa de la libertad de expresión y el acceso a la información.

“La libertad de expresión es la base sobre la que reposan todas las demás libertades”, dijo la Directora General. “Es la piedra angular de la sociedad democrática, la buena gobernanza, el estado de derecho, la transparencia y la rendición de cuentas. Fundamentalmente, creo que ocupa un lugar central en lo que significa ser humano”.

La Sra. Bokova habló de las paradojas a las que se enfrenta la libertad de expresión hoy en día, en un momento en que existen menos fronteras que nunca para crear y compartir conocimientos, pero en que surgen también nuevos retos importantes, como la falta de pluralismo, los mecanismos jurídicos y reguladores de control, y la legislación nacional sobre los medios de comunicación y la libertad de información que no se ajusta a las normas internacionales.

“Lo más trágico es que, en el último decenio, 825 periodistas han perdido la vida”, dijo la Sra. Bokova. “La mayoría de ellos no eran corresponsales en situaciones de guerra, sino periodistas locales que informaban sobre corrupción y delincuencia. Esto resulta aún más grave porque menos del 6% de esos asesinatos han sido resueltos”.

La Directora General destacó la función de liderazgo que desempeña la UNESCO en su calidad de organismo de las Naciones Unidas que trabaja en la vanguardia de la libertad de expresión en todo el mundo, para mejorar la seguridad de los periodistas y apoyar el desarrollo de los medios de comunicación.

En esta labor se enmarca el impulso del Plan de Acción de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Seguridad de los Periodistas y la Cuestión de la Impunidad, que, en colaboración con gobiernos y asociaciones profesionales, tiene por objeto establecer comités de supervisión de los medios de comunicación, crear mecanismos nacionales y capacitar a periodistas.

“En México, el Paraguay, el Uruguay y Chile, así como en Túnez, trabajamos con instituciones educativas, con los ministerios de justicia y las fuerzas de seguridad, para capacitar a los jueces y mejorar el trabajo de hacer cumplir la ley”.

La Sra. Bokova se refirió a la labor que realiza la UNESCO para promover la igualdad de género en los medios de comunicación y a través de ellos, así como para luchar contra la impunidad y defender los derechos y las libertades en línea, a través de Internet.

“Suecia tiene un papel destacado en todo ello”, afirmó. “Agradezco al Gobierno de Suecia su magnífico liderazgo y el apoyo que brinda a la UNESCO, especialmente por conducto de la Agencia Sueca de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo”.

La Directora General destacó el éxito de los proyectos apoyados por Suecia en la Región Árabe, en América Latina y en Asia Suroriental, y lo vinculó con la acción destinada a llevar adelante la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible, en particular la meta 10 del ODS 16 consistente en “garantizar el acceso público a la información y proteger las libertades fundamentales, de conformidad con las leyes nacionales y los acuerdos internacionales”.

“Los derechos y las libertades son fines en sí mismos, y son también impulsores de cambio positivo en todos los ámbitos”, dijo.

En su intervención, la Sra. Alice Bah Kuhnke, Ministra de Cultura y Democracia, habló del compromiso y la acción de Suecia en defensa de la libertad de expresión, en particular mediante la importante plataforma que proporciona la UNESCO.

A continuación tuvo lugar una mesa redonda en la que Thomas Mattsson, Jonathan Lundqvist y Maria Persson Löfgren hablaron de su experiencia sobre el terreno.

Irina Bokova plaide en faveur de la liberté d’expression lors de la Semaine d’Almedalen (Suède)

Actualités - Thu, 07/07/2016 - 14:28

Cette manifestation a accueilli S. E. Mme Alice Bah Kuhnke, Ministre de la culture et de la démocratie, ainsi que plusieurs autres invités : Mme Maria Persson Löfgren, ancienne correspondante de Radio suédoise, M. Jonathan Lundqvist, de Reporters sans frontières Suède, et M. Thomas Mattsson, Rédacteur en chef du Expressen. La manifestation a débuté par un entretien avec la lauréate 2016 du Prix mondial de la liberté de la presse UNESCO-Guillermo Cano, Mme Khadija Ismayilova.

La Semaine d’Almedalen est le plus grand rassemblement politique annuel de Suède, où se réunissent partis politiques, responsables gouvernementaux et politiques, et représentants des médias. La Semaine comprend plus d’un millier de manifestations et accueille plusieurs dizaines de milliers de participants.

Mme Bokova a remercié Radio suédoise et tout particulièrement sa Directrice générale, Mme Cilla Benkö, de son invitation, qui souligne à quel point la Suède est attachée à la défense de la liberté d’expression et de l’accès à l’information.

« La liberté d’expression est le fondement de toutes les autres libertés », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Elle est la pierre angulaire d’une société démocratique, d’une bonne gouvernance, de l’état de droit, de la transparence et de la responsabilité. Fondamentalement, je crois qu’elle est au cœur de la définition même de l’humanité. »

Elle a évoqué les paradoxes auxquels la liberté d’expression est aujourd’hui confrontée, à une époque où la création et l’échange de connaissances n’ont jamais été aussi exempts de frontières mais où d’importants défis d’un genre nouveau se font jour – absence de pluralisme, mécanismes juridiques et règlementaires de contrôle, législations nationales sur les médias et la liberté d’information qui ne répondent pas aux normes internationales.

« Le plus tragique, c’est que 825 journalistes ont perdu la vie au cours de la décennie écoulée », a-t-elle rappelé. « La plupart d’entre eux sont non pas des correspondants de guerre, mais des journalistes locaux traitant de problèmes de corruption et de criminalité. Pire : moins de si 6 % des assassinats ont été élucidés. »

La Directrice générale a souligné le rôle de chef de file de l’UNESCO en tant qu’institution des Nations Unies aux avant-postes de la défense de la liberté d’expression dans le monde, en vue de renforcer la sécurité des journalistes et de soutenir le développement des médias.

Ainsi, l’Organisation est l’initiatrice du Plan d'action des Nations Unies sur la sécurité des journalistes et la question de l'impunité et collabore avec les gouvernements et les associations professionnelles pour mettre en place des comités de veille médiatique, créer des mécanismes nationaux, former les journalistes.

« Au Mexique, au Paraguay, en Uruguay, au Chili, en Tunisie, nous travaillons main dans la main avec les établissements de formation, le Ministère de la justice et les forces de sécurité afin de former les juges et d’améliorer l’action de la police. »

Elle a mis en avant les initiatives de l’UNESCO visant à faire progresser l’égalité entre les sexes dans et ‎par les médias et à lutter contre l’impunité et défendre les droits et libertés en ligne, sur l’Internet.

« La Suède joue un rôle de premier plan à tous ces égards », a-t-elle déclaré. « Je remercie le Gouvernement suédois de montrer la voie à suivre aux défenseurs de ces causes et de soutenir l’UNESCO, précisément par le biais de l’Agence suédoise de coopération internationale pour le développement. »

La Directrice générale a attiré l’attention sur le succès de projets soutenus par la Suède dans la région des États arabes, en Amérique latine et en Asie du Sud-Est, les liant aux initiatives destinées à faire progresser le Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030, notamment la cible 10 de l’ODD 16 : « Garantir l’accès public à l’information et protéger les libertés fondamentales, conformément à la législation nationale et aux accords internationaux ».

« Les droits et libertés sont des fins en soi. Ce sont aussi des vecteurs de changement positif à tous les niveaux », a-t-elle précisé.

Dans son intervention, Mme Alice Bah Kuhnke, Ministre de la culture et de la démocratie, a évoqué l’engagement et les actions de la Suède en matière de défense de la liberté d’expression, y compris par le biais de l’importante plate-forme qu’offre l’UNESCO.

Ensuite, un débat de groupe a eu lieu avec M. Thomas Mattsson, M. Jonathan Lundqvist et Mme Maria Persson Löfgren sur leur expérience du terrain.

Irina Bokova Champions Free Speech at Sweden’s Almedalen Week

News - Thu, 07/07/2016 - 13:47

The event featured the participation of H.E. Ms. Alice Bah Kuhnke, Minister for Culture and Democracy, along with a panel including Maria Persson Löfgren, foreign correspondent for Swedish Radio, Jonathan Lundqvist, from Swedish Reporters without Borders, and Jeanette Gustafsdotter, from Swedish Media Publishers’ Association. The event began with an interview with the 2016 Laureate of the UNESCO Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize, Ms Khadija Ismayilova.

Almedalen Week is Sweden’s major annual political gathering of political parties, government and political leaders, as well as media. The week features over a thousand events and includes several tens of thousands of participants.

Irina Bokova thanked Swedish Radio and especially Director-General Cilla Benkö for the invitation – highlighting the depth of Sweden’s commitment to defending freedom of expression and access to information.

“Freedom of expression is the foundation on which all the other freedoms rest,” said the Director-General. “It is the bedrock of democratic society, good governance, the rule of law, transparency and accountability. Fundamentally, I believe it goes to the heart of what it means to be human.”

She spoke of the paradoxes facing freedom of expression today, at a time when creating and sharing knowledge has never been so borderless, but when steep new challenges are arising – in the lack of pluralism, legal and regulatory mechanisms of control, and national legislation on media and freedom of information that fail to meet international standards.

“Most tragic of all, 825 journalists have lost their lives over the past decade,” she said. “Most are not correspondents in war settings, but local journalists reporting on corruption and criminality. This is made worse because less than six percent of killings have been resolved.”

The Director-General highlighted the leadership role of UNESCO as the United Nations agency working on the frontlines of free speech across the world, to enhance the safety of journalists, and to support media development.

This includes spearheading the United Nations Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity – working with Governments and professional associations, to establish media monitoring committees, to create national mechanisms, to train journalists.

“In Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay and Chile, in Tunisia, we are working with educational institutions, with justice ministries and security forces, to train judges, to sharpen the work of law enforcement.”

She pointed to UNESCO’s work in advancing gender equality in and ‎through the media, as well in fighting impunity, and defending rights and freedoms online, through the Internet. 

“Sweden plays an outstanding role in all this,” she said. “I thank the Swedish Government for its champion leadership, and support to UNESCO, namely through the Swedish International Development Agency.”

The Director-General pointed to the success of projects supported by Sweden in the Arab region, in Latin America and in South East Asia – and linked all of this to action to take forward the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, notably SDG 16 target 10: “to ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.”

“Rights and freedoms are ends in themselves – they are also drivers of positive change across the board,” she said.

In her intervention, Ms. Alice Bah Kuhnke, Minister for Culture and Democracy, spoke of Sweden’s commitment and action to defend freedom of expression and free speech -- including through the important platform provided by UNESCO.

This was followed by a panel debate with Thomas Mattsson, Jonathan Lundqvist and Maria Persson Löfgren on their experience in the field.

Informar, abordar, investigar: Lecciones aprendidas del virus Zika

Noticias - Tue, 05/07/2016 - 17:22

Los principales valores de los medios de comunicación, como la diversidad de fuentes, la independencia editorial y la oferta de una cobertura de las noticias de calidad, deben estar a prueba de situaciones de crisis. Con dicho objetivo, la UNESCO organiza un taller de dos días de duración titulado "Informar, Abordar, Investigar: Lecciones aprendidas del virus Zika", que tendrá lugar en la Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá, del 14 al 15 de julio 2016, con la participación de la Federación Internacional de la Cruz Roja (IFRC) y la Organización Mundial de la Salud (WHO).

Según el Sr Frank La Rue, el Subdirector General de Comunicación e Información, quien representará a la UNESCO en el taller, la comunicación es esencial y correlativa al desarrollo, especialmente en cuestiones relacionas con la salud, donde cobra una urgente y especial importancia. “Un llamamiento a una transmisión de la información responsable debe ser dirigido tanto a las principales instituciones sanitarias como a los medios de comunicación con el objetivo de que la comunicación entre ambos sea lo más precisa posible. La comunicación tiene que ser llevada a cabo de una forma científicamente exacta, sin embargo, al mismo tiempo, debe ser accesible al público en general,” ha dicho el Sr La Rue.

Desde su establecimiento, UNESCO ha concentrado sus esfuerzos en permitir el desarrollo de un sector de los medios de comunicación vibrante y de calidad por todo el mundo. La diversidad de los medios de comunicación, la cobertura de calidad de las informaciones, la imparcialidad en el tratamiento de las noticias, la absoluta independencia editorial - son todas ellas características y requisitos previos esenciales al derecho fundamental de la población de saber, de estar informada. A través del periodismo de investigación, los medios de comunicación pueden transmitir hechos probables y verificados, exponer injusticias y estimular el debate público al proporcionar el acceso a la información. En situaciones de crisis y emergencia, es en particular crucial para la audiencia el hecho de confiar en las informaciones difundidas por los medios de comunicación y canalizar dicha información de manera que sirva potencialmente para salvar vidas. Este taller representará la oportunidad de reunir al público, a diversas partes interesadas procedentes tanto del sector público como del privado implicados en la gestión de crisis, a diferentes actores responsables de la puesta en marcha de operaciones especiales en situaciones de desastre y diversos medios de comunicación para permitirles intercambiar impresiones y experiencias relativas a las realidades y situaciones catastróficas a las que han debido enfrentarse.

El objetivo principal de este taller es, por tanto, reforzar el potencial de los medios de comunicación en las situaciones de crisis en América Latina y el Caribe. Al igual que durante la Cumbre Mundial Humanitaria, este taller regional prosigue con la iniciativa de la UNESCO de desarrollar y promover totalmente el potencial de los medios de comunicación en las situaciones de epidemias y crisis - como se ha podido comprobar durante la campaña de radio preventiva realizada por nuestra organización para luchar contra la expansión del virus Zika tanto en América Latina como en la región caribeña.

Diferentes representantes de emisoras de radio públicas, privadas y comunitarias, distintas organizaciones y asociaciones de medios de comunicación  (la Asociación Internacional de Radiodifusión, la Radio Internacional de Francia , la TV Globo, la Voz de América, la Asociación Mundial de Radios Comunitarias, la Federación Mundial de Periodistas Científicos ), así como varios miembros del Grupo de Comunicación RegLAC (www.redhum.org), un conjunto de agencias de Naciones Unidas (UNICEF, el Programa para el Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas, UNIDSR, OCHA, FAO) y otras tantas organizaciones humanitarias (como Plan para la Educación de los Refugiados, Plan Internacional, o Visión Mundial Internacional) ya han confirmado su participación.

Cada sesión tratará una cuestión concreta relacionada con los riesgos de una comunicación ineficiente: desde el análisis de informes y datos médicos, hasta el establecimiento de vínculos informativos eficaces con las comunidades afectadas o la búsqueda de estrategias para asegurar el cumplimiento de los principios básicos de los medios de comunicación en la trasmisión de información en contextos peligrosos.

Para más información o cualquier pregunta, por favor póngase en contacto con:

Inform, Engage, Investigate: Lessons Learned from Zika Outbreak

News - Tue, 05/07/2016 - 14:42

The core principles of media, such as diversity of sources, editorial independence and quality coverage, must be emergency-proof. On this basis, UNESCO is organizing a two-day workshop entitled “Inform, Engage, Investigate: Lessons Learned from Zika Outbreak”, which will be held in Panama City, Panama from 14 to 15 July 2016 with participation of the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to Frank La Rue, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, who will represent UNESCO at the event, communication is essential for all development issues, but for health matters it is of particular urgency and importance. “A call should be made for responsible reporting by health institutions and media in order to be as accurate as possible. Communication has to be designed in a way that it is scientifically exact but, in the same time, accessible to a broad public,” says Mr La Rue.

Since its establishment, UNESCO has strived to enable the development of a vibrant and quality media sector worldwide. Media diversity, quality coverage, impartiality, uncompromised editorial independence – they are all essential prerequisites to people’s fundamental right to know. Through investigative journalism, media can produce verifiable facts, expose wrongdoings and stimulate public debate by providing access to information. In times of crisis and emergency, it is particularly crucial for the audience to trust the knowledge delivered by the media and react upon it accordingly with potentially life-saving endeavors. This workshop will be the opportunity to gather public, private and associative stakeholders involved in crisis management, disaster-relief operations and communications to allow them to exchange on their respective realities, needs and constraints.

The main objective of this workshop is to strengthen media’s potential in crisis situation in Latin America and the Caribbean. In line with World Humanitarian Summit, this regional workshop follows UNESCO’s initiative to fully develop and promote media’s potential in times of epidemics and crisis – as established during the preventive radio campaign led by the Organization to tackle Zika virus across the Latin America and the Caribbean region.

Representatives from public, private and community radio stations, media organizations and associations (International Association of Broadcasting, Radio France Internationale, TV Globo, Voice of America, World Association of Community Radios, World Federation of Science Journalist), as well as several members of the RegLAC Communication Group, composed of UN agencies (UNICEF, UNDP, UNIDSR, OCHA, FAO) and major humanitarian organizations (Refugee Education Trust, Plan International, World Vision) have already confirmed their participation.

Each session will address a specific issue related to risk communication: from reporting medical data, to effectively engaging affected communities, as well as ensuring media’s principles in perilous contexts.

For more information or any inquiry please contact:

Revoir les mythes médiatiques à propos des réfugiés et des migrants

Actualités - Tue, 05/07/2016 - 10:30

Ces défis sont d’autant plus difficiles qu’il y a un manque d’information exacte et accessible dans les médias, où les mythes et la désinformation règnent. Dans le meilleur des cas, les médias traitent les réfugiés comme des victimes et se focalisent sur les problèmes humanitaires. Dans le pire des cas, ils mettent l’accent sur les problèmes et la menace imaginaire d’un soudain afflux d’étrangers. La couverture médiatique fait presque complètement l’impasse sur les nombreux avantages pour les pays d’accueil et sur les histoires personnelles d’individus, ayant souvent un haut niveau d’études et désireux de travailler, qui cherchent un nouveau départ et souhaitent s’investir positivement dans leur nouvelle société.

L’UNESCO a mis au point un programme destiné aux écoles de journalisme sur le Traitement de la migration axé sur les réfugiés. Le programme met l’accent sur la promotion de partenariats pour donner une vision plus impartiale de la situation.

Voici quelques-uns des mythes médiatiques les plus répandus et pernicieux autour de la question des réfugiés :

MYTHE : Les réfugiés sont un problème européen

En réalité, l’Europe n’accueille que 6 % des réfugiés dans le monde, contre 39 % au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord et 29 % dans le reste de l’Afrique. Parmi les réfugiés syriens, la grande majorité se trouve dans les pays voisins : Turquie, Liban, Jordanie et Iraq. Alors qu’un million de réfugiés sont arrivés en Europe par la mer en 2015, ce chiffre représente seulement 0,3 % de la population totale du continent. (Source)

MYTHE : Les réfugiés ne sont pas désespérés, ils choisissent de migrer

Par définition, les réfugiés fuient à l’étranger pour échapper à un conflit violent ou à des persécutions. Ils utilisent leur droit d’asile, comme le stipule la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme, un droit dont nous disposons tous si nous devions en avoir besoin dans l’avenir. Les risques énormes que prennent les réfugiés témoignent de la gravité de la situation dans laquelle ils se trouvent.

Les migrants sont une catégorie plus large qui inclut les personnes qui migrent pour des raisons économiques, mais également pour fuir des catastrophes environnementales et la famine.(Source)

MYTHE : La plupart des réfugiés sont des hommes jeunes et valides

En fait, d’après l’UNHCR, plus de 75 % des réfugiés syriens sont des femmes et des enfants. Parmi les réfugiés qui arrivent en Europe, plus de la moitié sont des femmes et des enfants. (Sources 1Source 2)

MYTHE : Les réfugiés volent le travail dans les pays d’accueil

Les réfugiés créent de l’emploi. Selon les recherches de l’OCDE, les réfugiés développent le marché intérieur et créent un emploi par emploi occupé. Dans certains pays, on leur doit près d’un tiers de la croissance économique entre 2007 et 2013. (Source 1Source 2)

MYTHE : Les réfugiés fraudent le système social

La plupart des réfugiés versent plus d’argent au denier public qu’ils n’en touchent. Des recherches menées au Royaume-Uni, au Canada, en Allemagne, en Grèce, au Portugal et en Espagne montrent que les réfugiés sont moins dépendants des fonds publics ou aussi dépendants que la population locale. (Source)

MYTHE : Les réfugiés et les migrants engendrent le terrorisme

La majorité des grandes attaques terroristes perpétrées ces dernières années l’ont été par des citoyens nés dans le pays concerné. Comme le dit le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés António Guterres, « ce n’est pas l’exode de réfugiés qui engendre le terrorisme, c’est le terrorisme, la tyrannie et la guerre qui engendrent les réfugiés ». Créer des divisions entre les gens et promouvoir la haine entre les groupes fait partie de la stratégie du terrorisme. (Source)

MYTHE : Les pays développés sont surpeuplés et ne peuvent accueillir plus de monde

La croissance de la population est en déclin dans la plupart des pays développés, un problème que la migration peut contribuer à résoudre. Les réfugiés et les migrants peuvent soutenir les niveaux de population et fournir une base de population active permettant de soutenir le nombre croissant de retraités. (Source)

Pour en savoir plus sur la conférence de l’UNESCO « Migration pour le développement durable : les transformations sociales, les récits médiatiques et l’éducation », qui se tiendra mercredi 6 juillet 2016 au Siège de l’UNESCO à Paris, veuillez visiter le site de l’événement.

Bangkok workshop to introduce new mindful journalism curriculum for regional integration

News - Mon, 04/07/2016 - 15:57

The workshop is part of the IPDC project to develop a curriculum and to train-the-trainers to implement journalism training in the ASEAN and SAARC regions that will take a unique approach to communication theories that promote mindfulness and social harmony based on Asian philosophies.

Sixteen mid-career journalism trainers will be taking part in the workshop along with the project team from Chulalongkorn University led by Dr Jirayudh Sinthuphan and Dr Kalinga Seneviratne. The trainers will come from Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

The project team developed six modules for journalism training in Asia drawn from UNESCO’s Model Curricula for Journalism Education and incorporating Asian philosophical concepts. The modules include:

  • Media and Society;
  • Asian Perspectives and Communication Theory;
  • Human Centred Journalism;
  • Reporting Climatic Change and Sustainable Development;
  • Development Journalism; and
  • Mindful Investigative Reporting.

Each module comprises 12 teaching weeks and is designed for mass communications or journalism courses at the undergraduate level.

The curricula have incorporated Asian philosophies and communication theories emanating from Buddhist, Hindu and Confucius teachings that cover areas such as social harmony, protecting nature and environment, respecting cultural diversity and encouraging sufficiency economic models. With development of mindfulness becoming a global movement today, all the curricula have a strong emphasis on mindful communication and its adaptation to the practice of journalism.

IPDC is the only multilateral forum in the UN system designed to mobilize the international community to discuss and promote media development in developing countries. The Programme not only provides support for media projects but also seeks an accord to secure a healthy environment for the growth of free and pluralistic media in developing countries.

Corregir los mitos de los medios sobre los refugiados y los migrantes

Noticias - Fri, 01/07/2016 - 18:51

Estos desafíos, sin embargo, se vuelven aún más difíciles por la falta de información precisa y accesible en los medios de comunicación, donde los mitos y la desinformación son habituales. A lo sumo, la cobertura se concentra en los refugiados como víctimas y en las consecuencias humanitarias en un sentido amplio, y en el peor los casos, se focaliza en los retos que conlleva o en la amenaza imaginaria que representa un flujo repentino de foráneos. Lo queda fuera de la cobertura mediática son los múltiples beneficios para los países de acogida así como las interminables historias personales de muchos ellos, a menudo se trata de gente con estudios superiores, con ganas de trabajar, y que busca una nueva vida para contribuir positivamente a nuestras sociedades.

La UNESCO ha creado un curso específico para escuelas de periodismos e instituciones de formación de medios de comunicación Informar sobre la migración con enfoque especial en los refugiados. El plan de estudios se centra en la promoción de las asociaciones para dar una visión más equilibrada de la situación.

Éstos son algunos de los mitos más comunes y dañinos en los medios de comunicación sobre la cuestión de los refugiados:

MITO: Los refugiados son un problema europeo

De hecho en Europa sólo hay el 6% de los refugiados a nivel mundial, en comparación con el 39% en Oriente Medio y el Norte de África, y el 29% en el resto de África. Los  refugiados sirios se encuentran en su mayoría en los países limítrofes de Turquía, Líbano, Jordania e Iraq. Mientras que más de un millón de refugiados llegaron a Europa por mar en 2015, esto representa sólo el 0,3% de la población total del continente. (Fuente)

MITO: Los refugiados no están desesperados, ellos son los que eligen migrar

Por definición, los refugiados son personas que huyen a través de fronteras escapando de conflictos violentos o de la persecución. Hacen uso de su derecho legal al asilo, algo incluido en la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y un derecho que tú también tendrías si alguna vez que lo necesitases en el futuro. Los grandes peligros físicos a los que los refugiados se exponen en su huida reflejan la gravedad de la situación a la que se enfrentan. 

Los migrantes son una categoría más amplia que incluye a quienes se desplazan por razones económicas así como a las personas que huyen de desastres ambientales, el hambre y la hambruna. (Fuente

MITO: La mayoría de los refugiados son hombres jóvenes sanos y fuertes

En realidad, según el ACNUR, más del 75% de todos los refugiados sirios son mujeres y niños. De los refugiados que llegan a Europa, más de la mitad son mujeres y niños. (Fuente 1, Fuente 2)

MITO: Los refugiados roban los trabajos a los nacionales del país de acogida

Los refugiados crean empleo. De acuerdo con investigaciones de la OCDE, los refugiados expanden el mercado interno y crean un puesto de trabajo por cada uno que ocupan. En algunos países, han sido responsables de casi un tercio del crecimiento económico en el período de 2007 a 2013. (Fuente 1, Fuente 2)

MITO: Los refugiados se aprovechan del estado del bienestar

La mayoría de los refugiados contribuyen mucho más a las arcas públicas de lo que reciben de ella. Investigaciones en el Reino Unido, Canadá, Alemania, Grecia, Portugal y España muestran que los refugiados son menos o igualmente dependientes de los fondos públicos que los locales. (Fuente) 

MITO: Los refugiados y los migrantes traen el terrorismo

De los principales ataques terroristas en todo el mundo en los últimos años, la gran mayoría han sido perpetrados por ciudadanos nacidos en los países afectados. En las palabras del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados, Antonio Guterres, "no son los flujos de refugiados los que causan el terrorismo, es el terrorismo, la tiranía y la guerra los que crean refugiados." La creación de divisiones entre la gente y el fomento del odio entre grupos es parte de la estrategia del terrorismo. (Fuente)

MITO: Los países desarrollados están saturados y no pueden recibir a más gente

El crecimiento de la población nativa en la mayoría de los países desarrollados está en declive, un teman en el que la migración puede ser clave a la hora de abordarlo. Los refugiados y los migrantes pueden mantener los niveles de población y proporcionar una base de personas en edad de trabajar para contribuir a las pensiones de un número creciente de jubilados. (Fuente)

Para más información sobre el evento de la UNESCO sobre la Migración para el Desarrollo Sostenible: Transformaciones Sociales, Narrativas mediáticas y Educación, que tendrá lugar el miércoles 6 de julio de 2016 en la sede de la UNESCO en París, Francia, por favor visite la página web del evento.

Promoting freedom of expression and access to public information in Latin America

News - Fri, 01/07/2016 - 17:18
From 25 to 27 June, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information Frank La Rue accompanied the Director-General of UNESCO Irina Bokova in her mission to Paraguay and Uruguay to strengthen the cooperation in the area of freedom of expression, access to public information and safety of journalists.

Correcting media myths about refugees and migrants

News - Fri, 01/07/2016 - 15:40

Yet these challenges are made even harder by a lack of accurate, accessible information in the media, where myth and misinformation are prevalent. At best, coverage concentrates on refugees as victims and the wider humanitarian implications, and at worst focuses on the challenges involved or the imagined threat of a sudden influx of outsiders. Almost completely missing from media coverage are the multiple benefits for the host countries, and the countless stories of individuals, often highly educated and eager to work, seeking a new life and contributing positively to their new societies.

UNESCO has created a course curriculum for journalism and media training institutions on Reporting Migration with a Focus on Refugees. The curriculum focuses on the fostering of partnerships to allow a more balanced view of the situation.

Here are some of the most common and damaging media myths surrounding the issue of refugees:

MYTH: Refugees are a European problem

Actually, Europe is home to just 6% of global refugees, compared with 39% in the Middle East and North Africa, and 29% in the rest of Africa. Among Syrian refugees, the vast majority are in the bordering countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. While more than one million refugees arrived in Europe by sea in 2015, this represents just 0.3% of the continent’s total population. (Source)

MYTH: Refugees are not desperate – they are choosing to migrate

By definition, refugees are people that flee across borders to escape violent conflict or persecution. They are making use of their legal right to asylum, something included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and a right that you also share if you were to ever need it in the future. The great personal risks refugees take in fleeing are testament to the seriousness of the situation they face.

Migrants are a broader category which does include those moving for economic reasons, but also people fleeing environmental disasters, starvation and famine.(Source)

MYTH: Most refugees are young, able-bodied men

Actually, according to UNHCR, more than 75% of all Syrian refugees are women and children. Of refugees arriving in Europe, more than half are now women and children. (Sources 1, Source 2)

MYTH: Refugees steal jobs from their host country

Refugees create jobs. According to OECD research, refugees expand the domestic market and create a job for every one they occupy. In some countries, they were responsible for nearly one third of economic growth in the period from 2007 to 2013. (Source 1, Source 2)

MYTH: Refugees are welfare cheats

Most refugees pay much more into the public purse than they take from it. Research in the UK, Canada, Germany, Greece, Portugal and Spain shows that refugees are less or equally dependent on public funds than locals. (Source)

MYTH: Refugees and migrants bring terrorism

Of the major terrorist attacks worldwide in recent years, the vast majority have been perpetrated by citizens born in the countries involved. In the words of UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres, “it is not the refugee outflows that cause terrorism, it is terrorism, tyranny and war that create refugees.” Creating divisions between people and fostering hatred between groups is part of the strategy of terrorism in the first place. (Source)

MYTH: Developed countries are overcrowded and cannot take any more people

The growth in native population in most developed countries is actually in decline, something that migration can be key to addressing. Refugees and migrants can sustain population levels and provide a base of working age people to support a growing number of retirees. (Source)

For more information about the upcoming UNESCO event on Migration for Sustainable Development: Social Transformations, Media Narratives and Education, to be held on Wednesday 6 July, 2016 at UNESCO HQ in Paris, France, please visit the event website

Riga Recommendations highlight Media and Information Literacy as a life code for sustainable development

News - Fri, 01/07/2016 - 15:28

MIL is very alive, within the institutions and on grassroots level. Calling on the roles of UNESCO Member States, Internet and technological intermediaries, civil society and GAPMIL as well as educators, libraries, journalists, audiovisual regulators, publishers and others, the Riga Recommendations recognized that MIL is a life code that can underpin sustainable development.

Highlights from the Second European MIL Forum

During the three inspiring days of the Forum, MIL was analyzed and explored from many different angles and approaches.  The participants were faced with challenging questions about MIL in this shifting media landscape, but also reviewed successful examples of initiatives that are empowering people to be more critical about their information environment.

The need for stronger involvement of the internet industry was emphasized, as well as the necessity for strong contribution to the creation of a sustainable system through national policies in integrating MIL into formal, non-formal and informal education.

The information behavior of people needs to be further explored – especially of those that are purposely avoiding and denying information. More insight is needed on how people are making decisions and how to engage with them. The lifelong learning approach to MIL is essential, through continuous education for all age groups. Thus, MIL is not just the set of skills for youth - often underlined as the group that is most vulnerable - but for all generations. Still, the role of youth has to be more substantial; they need to be involved not just as beneficiaries, but as participants, leaders and ambassadors, creators and stakeholders.

Empathy is crucial for MIL: “Change how you see, see how you change”

Empathy, as the ability to understand and share the feelings of another, was underlined by several speakers and echoed by Ms Dace Melbarde, Minister of Culture of Latvia and President of the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO in her closing remarks.

Empathy was seen as one of the critical components of MIL in promoting peace and nonviolent behavior. MIL enables people, through informed self-introspection and communal exchanges to appreciate, embrace a sense of connection the circumstances and even differences of others – to empathize with other. One speaker noted an anonymous quote that he came across and related it to MIL, “Change how you see, see how you change”. This is especially needed in the current landscape where information and social media are facing many challenges often demonstrated through the race for clicks. There is strong need to support factual journalism. Thus, the Riga Recommendations on MIL call all stakeholders to promote, through concrete actions, MIL as enabling all citizens to take part in political and social life in a democratic society.

Over 50% of youth don’t know how to respond to hate, radical and extremist content

During the last day’s Plenary session and Round tables, speakers emphasized how young audiences are receiving information that is less and less structured: through friend’s recommendations, social media algorithms and scraps of information. As explained by Mr Alton Grizzle, Programme Specialist at Communication and Information Sector in UNESCO, 54% of youth surveyed in a research reported that they do not know or are not sure if they know how to response to radical and extremist content online.

This UNESCO-led research explored youth perspectives and responses to hate, radical and extremist content online and it shows that most young people encounter such content on Facebook (57%), followed by Youtube (14%), News networks’ websites (9%) and Twitter (8 %). Countering these challenges then require a combination on innovative social media interventions combine with more traditional structured and face-to-face methods.  In this context which lacks reliable journalistic information, they may perceive hate speech as a self-presentation or sign of courage or rebelliousness.

Furthermore, research quoted by Ms Ivana Jelaca from Media Diversity Institute about young people in Serbia showed that 83% of youth consider their image as the most important, whereas only 31% sees democratic engagement and participation in civic initiatives as significant. It was, thus, concluded how it is necessary to find new formats and platforms and new writing styles, sending reliable journalistic content through platforms that young people use.  The Director of the Swedish Media Council, Ms Ewa Thorslund, shared their experiences in production of information and pedagogical material used by parents, educators and people who meet children and young people in their profession in order to promote the empowering of minors as conscious media users and to protect them from harmful media influences.

Propaganda, ignorance and inter-cultural dialogue

As it was noted during the Forum, the real dialogue should also happen at grassroots - individual level. Propaganda, often so harmful, can be used as beneficial to raise awareness on all levels and inspire people to action.  There is clear absence of the inter-cultural and inter-religious dialogue in the media, and these competencies should be integrated into MIL education, to help overcome disinformation, stereotypes and intolerance.  In order to contribute to the building of viable approach to MIL, bottom up and top down approach needs to be used. That means highlighting grassroots activities in order to convince policy makers that MIL is significant and comprehensible for everyone. In that sense, media and education policy must be based on empirical evidence.

Further on, the potential blind spots for MIL are to be explored: is there an economical side of MIL that is not being seen, but has major implications? How is informal education on MIL contributing with significant impact to changing of attitudes of youth? How is research impacting policy development and what is empirical evidence needed for sustainable policy development?  Many others questions were asked, laying the foundation for the creation of new knowledge in this crucial topic of media and information literate societies.

The Second European Media and Information Literacy Forum (EU-MILINFO II) was organized by UNESCO, the European Commission, the Latvian Government and the Sub-Chapter of the Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL), under the theme “Media and Information Literacy In Europe: Citizens’ Critical Competencies for a Rights-Based, Transparent, Open, Secure and Inclusive Information Environment”. It took place from 27 to 29 June 2016, in Riga, Latvia.

UNESCO contributes to Kenya’s Digital Literacy Programme by capacitating primary school teachers

News - Thu, 30/06/2016 - 14:49

The Digital Literacy Programme is Kenya’s national ICT program that aims to improve learning and build 21st century skills among primary school students through the use of digital technologies in education. Through the Digital Literacy Programme, it is expected that all 22,000 public primary schools in Kenya will be equipped with 1.2 million digital devices by the end of 2017.

Successful implementation of the Digital Literacy Programme will depend upon the capacity of primary school teachers and education managers to fully harness the power of technology to enhance student learning. Therefore, in light of the Framework Agreement signed by the Government of Kenya and UNESCO on cooperation in the implementation of the Digital Literacy Programme, UNESCO will assist the Ministry of Education in developing capacities of over 22,000 teachers and 22,000 head teachers in all public primary schools, 1,000 field officers, as well as fostering the use of accessible ICTs in Kenya.

The KICT-CFT online course has been developed and piloted nationwide in two groups of selected teachers. The second cohort of 59 teachers drawn from 47 counties received face-to-face and online trainings from January to May 2016. From the feedback gathered, they felt the course was relevant and beneficial to their professional development. They also expressed the importance of online facilitators for coordinating remote collaboration among the cohort.

“The teachers really appreciated the course, up to the end,” said Aggrey O. Joab, one of the online facilitators from KICD, “The cohort’s online chat platform is still vibrant even after the course came to an end.”

At the workshop, online facilitators, content developers and technical experts made revisions in the course materials and facilitator guide according to teachers’ feedback. A strategic plan was also developed to guide implementation of the DLP at the next stage.  The workshop brought together partners from the Ministry of Education, Teachers Service Commission (TSC), Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD), Centre for Mathematics, Science and Technology Education in Africa (CEMASTEA), Kenya Education Management Institute (KEMI), National ICT Innovation and Integration Centre (NI3C) and Airtel Kenya.

Ivy O. Maina, course administrator from TSC, commented that the workshop was “very useful and particularly helpful for the online facilitators to better understand the course.”

The  ‘ICT CFT Harnessing OER’ project , implemented by the Communication and Information Sector of UNESCO,  aims to harness OER for the ICT Competency Framework for Teachers to contribute to national educational goals for building Knowledge Societies.  This project, launched in 2013, and implemented in 3 world regions, aims to harness OER for the ICT Competency Framework for Teachers to contribute to national educational goals for building Knowledge Societies.   It support the objective of the CI Sector as mandated by UNESCO Member States at the 38th UNESCO General Conference to have advanced Universal access to information through Open Solutions, and namely to support teachers in effectively harnessing ICT in their professional Practice to promote quality learning environments.

Building capacity of indigenous journalists in Thailand and Cambodia to advance indigenous peoples’ rights

News - Thu, 30/06/2016 - 14:17

The two basic journalism trainings were organized in July and September 2015 in Surin Province in Thailand and in Phnom Penh in Cambodia. During those trainings, the participants were introduced to journalism and communication, to the role and responsibilities of journalists and to a methodology on how to make and structure a story.

Ms Nittaya Mee, a founding member of the Indigenous Media Network (IMN) in Thailand who benefited from the training, said: “the journalism training conducted in Surin province in Thailand enabled the organization to expand its membership and to create a pool of indigenous journalists making the network’s presence more visible in the Northeast region of Thailand.” She also added that this visibility will be increased with the establishment of the website imnvoices.com, because through this tool the trainees can share stories from their own communities to a wider public. 

She mentioned that the training was also helpful for the local indigenous communities because some of the trainees were able to immediately apply their skills and produce reports and stories relevant to their communities. Five participants from the training reported also to the second assembly of the Council of Indigenous Peoples of Thailand (CIPT) which has now 190 members with five representatives from each of the 37 indigenous groups across Thailand, established to promote the rights of indigenous peoples in Thailand.

Mr Samin Ngach, an indigenous activist from Cambodia, also reported that the basic journalism training conducted in Phnom Penh enhanced the skills of indigenous media professionals and fostered closer collaboration between indigenous media professionals and other indigenous peoples’ organizations.

The IPDC project also enabled AIPP and its members, through the organization of public fora and dialogues, to bring together different stakeholders, including government officials and leaders of the indigenous communities in each country, to raise public awareness about the rights of indigenous peoples and to advocate for a more inclusive policy.

IPDC is the only multilateral forum in the UN system designed to mobilize the international community to discuss and promote media development in developing countries. The Programme not only provides support for media projects but also seeks an accord to secure a healthy environment for the growth of free and pluralistic media in developing countries.

Director-General deplores death of Syrian journalist Khalid Al Issa in Turkey

News - Thu, 30/06/2016 - 10:20

“I condemn this act of violence which led to Khalid Al Issa’s death,” the Director-General said. “The work and commitment of media professionals as purveyors of accurate information is essential in all societies, and especially those facing conflict. Without information, no progress can be made. I remind all parties to observe the civilian status of journalists and their right to exercise their profession as prescribed by the Geneva Conventions.”

Khalid Al Issa, seriously injured on 16 June after a homemade bomb was detonated in the building where he lived, succumbed to his wounds in a hospital in the city of Antakya, Turkey.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

 

Simultaneous bottom-up and top-down approach needed to expand media and information literacy

News - Thu, 30/06/2016 - 09:25

“We need both a bottom up and top down approach for MIL,” said Carolyn Wilson from Western University, Canada, and the Chair of GAPMIL Interim International Steering Committee. “That means highlighting grassroots activities in order to convince policy makers that MIL is really significant.” Ms Wilson underlined the need to highlight that literacies should not be developed just for the sake of developing them, but because of what is to be gained from MIL skills.

The Second European Media and Information Literacy Forum (EU-MILINFO II) is organized by UNESCO, the European Commission, the Latvian Government and the Sub-Chapter of the GAPMIL, under the theme “Media and Information Literacy in Europe: Citizens’ Critical Competencies for a Rights-Based, Transparent, Open, Secure and Inclusive Information Environment”. It takes place from 27 to 29 June 2016, in Riga, Latvia.

The conference has surfaced that many stakeholders and institutions worldwide are implementing MIL-related activities of different scope and impact. Nevertheless, only a handful have national MIL-related policies and comprehensive strategies to implement them.

MIL that is understandable for everyone

Igor Kanizaj, Vice-dean for science and international cooperation at the Faculty of Political Science in Zagreb, Croatia pointed out several entry points for MIL actions.

“Academia is expected to initiate new alliances, and journalists should be included in the projects. Cooperation with private sector (ICTs) should be initiated and regulatory bodies motivated for MIL.

“At the same time that curricula should be changed, there should also be educational projects developed for parents,” said Mr Kanizaj. 

The need for MIL competencies for participative democracy has been echoed throughout all Plenary sessions and round tables. Divina Frau-Meigs, representative of the GAPMIL European Sub-Chapter and professor at University of Sorbonne Nouvelle, pointed out that MIL competencies, policies and strategies should be developed in a concrete way that is comprehensible for everyone and which takes into consideration that intergenerational dialogue that will be crucial for Europe, a region with a significant aging population.

 Too often we assume that only young people are the vulnerable ones. We forget that there are other important audiences for media literacies,” said Ms Wilson, suggesting the need to go beyond formal education. “MIL should be promoted through libraries and community centres, so all age groups can be involved,” she added.

Inspiring projects in Europe

Speakers of the Forum shared many inspiring examples of projects all over the Europe. Film clubs in the UK have grown from a pilot of 25 schools to 7000 participating schools. “Attending a film club regularly has improved children’s confidence, motivation to learn and literacy, as well as their communication and critical skills,” said Mark Higham, cultural educator from Film Literacy Europe. 

The experience and an experiment from the Latvia Safer Internet Centre shows that young people are deeply unaware of privacy issues on the internet. However, the Centre has started dealing with this problem through the development of textbooks for children on MIL, which have been widely used in Latvian primary schools and gained nationwide popularity.

What about media ethics?

In building trust in media and its content, Dr. Xavier Landes, an expert in media ethics from the University of Copenhagen, raised the importance of good manners.

“In order to build trust in the public, good manners are essential, even though often seen as trivial by professionals and not too serious by ethicists. However, professionals and commentators too often downplay the importance of media manners. Professional ethics is about codes, and codes are definitely important. But manners go beyond that. They are about personal ethics,” Dr. Landes said.

GAPMIL calls for an internationally-recognized Global MIL Week

The call for a global special focus on MIL was made at the conference by GAPMIL, an alliance of over 500 organizations and individuals who are actively involved in different actions connected to MIL. The Alliance was initiated by UNESCO.

GAPMIL has launched an international petition for an internationally recognized Global MIL Week. The proposal can be supported at: https://www.change.org/p/support-call-for-an-internationally-recognized-global-media-and-information-literacy-week.

UNESCO champions freedom of expression with the Supreme Court of Justice of Uruguay

News - Wed, 29/06/2016 - 21:36

The agreement with the Supreme Court of Justice of Uruguay was signed by the UNESCO Director-General and the President of the Supreme Court of Justice of Uruguay, Mr Ricardo C. Pérez Manrique, in the presence of other high-level authorities from the judicial branch.

This agreement confirms the determination of the Supreme Court of Justice and UNESCO to deepen their cooperation on issues that are vital for vibrant democracy, open societies and more inclusive and sustainable development across the region. At a time of deep social transformations, defending freedom of expression plays an essential part in advancing human rights and dignity and in strengthening the grounds for social cohesion and more lasting peace.

“Independent judicial systems are fundamental pillars to guaranteeing freedom of expression and transparency in all democracies,” said the Director-General. “ I congratulate the Government of Uruguay for its leadership in promoting and defending human rights and fundamental freedoms – I see this agreement as a model for other countries in the region.

” The President of the Supreme Court of Justice of Uruguay, Mr Ricardo C. Pérez Manrique, underlined also that “this Memorandum of Understanding aims to promote the participation of civil society in defending all human rights”. 

The agreement provides a strategic framework for reinforcing the institution and the capacities of judicial officials in Uruguay. On this basis, UNESCO and partners will support the training process and improve the understanding, knowledge and sensitivity among actors in the judiciary systems on international standards, through a wide range of dialogue and capacity building initiatives. 

Uruguay currently holds the Permanent Secretariat of the Ibero-American Judicial Summit, and will encourage similar agreements with UNESCO. In April this year, UNESCO signed an agreement with the Ibero-American Judicial Summit in Paraguay (the Supreme Court of Paraguay) to strengthen freedom of expression, access to public information and the safety of journalists in the country. The new agreement with Uruguay is the result of action, including training, taken forward over the last three years by the Latin American Summit of the Judiciary. With the support of the Summit, UNESCO has trained more than 2,000 judicial officers in 22 countries in Latin America. 

The Director-General highlighted the importance of the agreement for the country and the region, and also to encourage deeper South-South cooperation to strengthen the role of judiciaries in protecting and promoting freedom of expression as cornerstones of democracy. 

This new agreement fits into the wider framework of UNESCO’s action across the region to defend freedom of expression – notably with the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency – and is in line with UNESCO’s commitment to accompany States as they implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, especially SDG 16 on peace, justice and strong institutions. 

“All of this reflects UNESCO’s deepening engagement across the region,” said Irina Bokova, “Especially to support and accompany governments and societies facing social transformation and leading peace-building processes.”

The review of the Memory of the World Programme is now online

News - Wed, 29/06/2016 - 16:26

This review is seeking to explore means for further improvement of the programme. Welcomed by the UNESCO Executive Board at its meeting in April 2016, the review is designed to be wide-ranging and transparent. The objectives of the review are also fully explained in the Invitation by the Chairman of the International Advisory Committee.

In this spirit, Member States, the Memory of the World community and all relevant stakeholders are invited to contribute to the review by posting their comments by 30 September 2016 at:
https://www.unesco-ci.org/cmscore/content/mow-consultation-add-comment

The proposals and observations received will be analysed and compiled by the IAC in a final report to be distributed to Member States.

In order to submit comments, a special access code is needed and can be received upon request from the Memory of the World Secretariat.

For any additional information, please contact the Memory of the World Secretariat (tel.: 0033145684368, e-mail: mowsecretariat(at)unesco.org )

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme is intended to protect documentary heritage, and helps networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for preservation of, and access to, documentary material.

La Directrice générale condamne les meurtres de deux journalistes au Guatemala : Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López et Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar

Actualités - Wed, 29/06/2016 - 12:21

« Je condamne les meurtres de Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López et Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Il est important pour la société dans son ensemble, de ne pas laisser des crimes violents limiter la liberté des professionnels des médias d’exercer leur métier ».

Le 25 juin, Aceituno López, Directeur et animateur de la station locale Radio Ilusión, a été abattu dans la ville de Quetzaltenango dans l’ouest du Guatemala.

Dans le même temps, des rapports indépendants confirmaient la mort d’un animateur de la station de radio locale Radio Sembrador, Esteban Gaspar, le 30 avril à Ixcán, dans le nord du pays.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12 

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

La Directora General condena el asesinato de dos periodistas en Guatemala: Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López y Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar

Noticias - Wed, 29/06/2016 - 09:57

“Condeno el asesinato de Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López y Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar”, declaró la Directora General, subrayando que “es importante para la sociedad en su conjunto no dejar que los crímenes violentos limiten la libertad de los profesionales de los medios para ejercer su labor”.

El 25 de junio, Aceituno López, director y locutor de la estación local Radio Ilusión, fue abatido en la ciudad de Quetzaltenango, al oeste de Guatemala.

Al mismo tiempo, informes independientes confirmaron el asesinato de Esteban Gaspar, locutor de la estación local Radio Sembrador, ocurrido el 30 de abril en Ixcán, en el norte del país.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto de prensa: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12 

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

Director-General condemns killing of two journalists in Guatemala: Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López and Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar

News - Wed, 29/06/2016 - 09:56

“I condemn the killings of Diego Salomón Esteban Gaspar and Álvaro Alfredo Aceituno López," the Director-General said. "Violent crimes must not be allowed to limit media workers’ freedom to carry out their work, which is important for society as a whole.”

On 25 June, Aceituno López, director and broadcaster of Radio Ilusión, a local station, was shot in the city of Quetzaltenango in the west of Guatemala.

Meanwhile, independent reports confirmed the killing on 30 April of Esteban Gaspar, a presenter on local broadcaster Radio Sembrador in Ixcán, in the north of the country.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

 

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