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La Directora General de la UNESCO condena el asesinato del periodista Jay Torres en Texas, Estados Unidos

Noticias - Wed, 22/06/2016 - 12:27

“Condeno el asesinato de Jacinto Hernández Torres”, dijo la Directora General. “Pido a las autoridades que investiguen este asesinato y sus motivos para que sus culpables puedan ser juzgados”, dijo Bokova.

El cadáver de Jay Torres, colaborador del semanario en lengua española La Estrella, que se edita en la ciudad de Fort Worth, fue hallado el lunes 13 de junio en Garland, en el área metropolitana de Dallas-Fort Worth.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

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Contacto de prensa: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

Living in shifting media and information landscape

News - Wed, 22/06/2016 - 11:41

One of the biggest challenges of digital revolution is the transformation of citizens from passive users to active and critical users, content creators, wise disseminators, often even critically informed sources for media and information. Citizens (by this we mean metaphors of citizenship or types of citizenship) often find it hard to distinguish between facts, part-facts and rumors, propaganda and public relations, and sometimes out-right lies or misinformation that is posted on different Internet platforms, such as social media, blogs, websites.

Misinformation and security

It is difficult to know what information is credible and how to recognize false sources. This leads to uninformed citizens that can further make choices and decisions that are, consequently, based on misinformation.

In this context, there is a thin line between an open Internet and freedom of expression, and the misuse of media through censorship, promotion of hate speech, discourse of fear and the spread of political disinformation.   

Security is important. According to UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and information Sector, Frank La Rue, “security means protecting individuals, but you must also protect institutions and democratic systems. You cannot sacrifice any, because if you do, you are actually weakening democracy…”

What do citizens need to know and how is policy responding to it?

On one side, in this environment, the necessity for some forms of regulation exists, but it has to be balanced with knowledge among citizens how to “decode” the information and media content received through the media, technological intermediaries and other information providers, as well as how to wisely engage in cyberspace without harming themselves or others.

The lead plenary of the Forum will explore the increased need for MIL, it will also raise crucial questions on how MIL can be a tool for all stakeholders in the present information and communication environment, and how are governments responding to this need with specific policy solutions.

Among other stakeholders, the first conference day will host representatives of the media, libraries and Internet industries in reflecting and discussing on their roles in the empowerment of users with MIL competencies. Further on, throughout three working days, participants of the Forum will discuss how MIL can be used in interreligious understanding - an issue that can profoundly impact any divided society.

Participants will discuss the significance of media ethics and the role of self-regulatory mechanisms in strengthening trust in media. Different education approaches and experiences will be explored, as well as youth perspectives towards MIL. Of special significance - considering the context we all live in - is the topics on positioning MIL as a tool for countering rising radicalization and the use of hate speech.

The Second European Media and Information Literacy Forum (EU-MILINFO II) is organized by UNESCO, the European Commission, the Latvian Government and the Sub-Chapter of the Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL), under the theme “Media and Information Literacy in Europe: Citizens’ Critical Competencies for a Rights-Based, Transparent, Open, Secure and Inclusive Information Environment”. It will take place from 27 to 29 June 2016 in Riga, Latvia.

Director-General urges investigation into murder of broadcast journalist Luka Popov in Serbia

News - Wed, 22/06/2016 - 11:09

“I condemn the murder of Luka Popov,” the Director-General said. “I trust the authorities will be able to bring those responsible to justice. Crime must not be allowed to curtail journalists’ invaluable contribution to informed public debate.”

Luka Popov, who worked for local radio stations in Čoka and Novi Kneževac was killed in his home in the village of Srpski Krstur.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org,  +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

Director-General condemns killing of journalist Jay Torres in Texas, USA

News - Wed, 22/06/2016 - 10:52

“I condemn the murder of Jacinto Hernández Torres,” the Director-General said. “I call on the authorities to investigate this killing and its motives so that those responsible for it be brought to trial.”

The dead body of Jay Torres, a contributor to La Estrella, a Fort Worth Spanish-language weekly, was found on Monday 13 June in Garland, in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

                                          ****

Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

Combatting Online Hate Speech and Youth Radicalization

News - Wed, 22/06/2016 - 09:46

Moderated by Ms Albana Shala, Chair, UNESCO International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), the panel included well-known experts such as Professor Divina Frau-Meigs, Professor, Université de Paris 3-Sorbonne nouvelle, France. Ms Duygu Özkan, Journalist, Die Presse, and Member, Austrian Press Council, Austria, Ms Amukelani Mayimele, outgoing Executive Director of ZAYRAH, a youth led development agency, South Africa and Mr. Brandon Oelofse, Senior Trainer and Coordinator, Radio Netherlands Training Center (RNTC).

Professor Frau-Meigs reminded the audience of how often in recent history emerging media have been blamed for causing radicalization, hatred and violence. She therefore highlighted the need to understand that there is no cause-effect relationship between Internet and youth radicalization.

In certain contexts, radicalization should not even be seen as a negative phenomenon, “because youth needs to be radical” stated Ms. Mayimele who used the example of Nelson Mandela’s radical movement in his early days.

Professor Meigs explained that ideology or religion are rarely central factors in radicalization for violent extremism, and that the context, psychological and external factors play always an important role. While social networks can be amplifiers and facilitators, they rarely trigger radicalization. The offline world and individual experiences remain the key to understanding radicalization processes.

Combatting the spread of online hate speech, extremist propaganda and recruitment for terrorism and radicalization ills should not be at the expense of freedom of expression, underlined Ms. Ozkan and Mr Oelofse.

Panelists also discussed possible solutions for current use of the Internet as a vehicle for hate-speech and, although one size does not fit all, they agreed that Media and Information Literacy (MIL) can empower young people to use media critically. Intensified efforts are therefore necessary in this field.

Ms Shala played then a video on the online harassment of female sports reportershttps://youtu.be/9tU-D-m2JY8, which shows the offensive language that is commonly used on-line against women. Participants then discussed how to effectively counter those who use the Internet to disseminate hatred with awareness-raising messages.

Pictures the session are now available online here. The recordings can be accessed here. To download the recording as an mp3 file, please use this link: http://soundflush.com/8alR5g.

The world’s documentary heritage: An invaluable asset and a responsibility for all

News - Tue, 21/06/2016 - 15:40
Faced with the growing danger of loss of valuable archival and library collections and material, that determine the world’s legacy of knowledge, identity and history of humankind, UNESCO’s Member States have unanimously adopted at the 38th session of the General Conference, in November 2015, a first-ever standard-setting instrument on the protection of the world’s documentary heritage - the ‘UNESCO Recommendation Concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage Including in Digital Form’.

La Directrice générale déplore la mort du journaliste Osama Jumaa en Syrie

Actualités - Tue, 21/06/2016 - 11:30

« Je condamne le meurtre de Osama Jumaa », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « J’appelle toutes les parties au conflit à respecter les Conventions de Genève sur le statut civil des journalistes et leurs droits à exercer leur métier ».

Jumaa a été tué lorsque l’ambulance, dans laquelle il était transporté pour soigner les blessures subies alors qu’il couvrait le bombardement d’un quartier résidentiel d’Alep, a été touchée par des tirs d’artillerie. Jumaa travaillait pour l’agence photo britannique Images Live.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12 

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

 

 

UNESCO contributes to advancing digital security of journalists

News - Tue, 21/06/2016 - 10:49

The panel discussion focused on international, regional and national efforts to address impunity for attacks against journalists; on international standards for ensuring the safety of journalists; and on the role of the Human Rights Council in advancing the digital security of journalists.

Speaking at the event, Frank La Rue noted that since 2008, UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) has encouraged Member States to submit information on judicial proceedings involving killings of journalists. This information is published, every two years, as a report by the Director-General of UNESCO on the Safety of Journalists and the Danger of Impunity.

Based on the last year's UNESCO publication Building Digital Safety for Journalism, Mr La Rue spoke about key challenges that need to be addressed to ensure the digital safety of journalists. The Panel discussed the need for a better coordination between UN agencies in this domain.

Frank La Rue presented the new UNESCO framework in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 2030 Development Agenda. Given that SDG 16 guarantees public access to information, he proposed that it also includes freedom and protection of the press and of journalists, for which every country within UN should establish a monitoring mechanism.

Other panelists included the UN Rapporteur on Freedom Expression David Kaye, the former Executive Director of the Southeast Asian Press Alliance Gayathry Venkiteswaran, and Article 19’s Executive Director Thomas Hughes.

 

UNESCO actively promotes the safety of those who produce journalism and believes that they have the right to work free from the threat of violence and to ensure the right to freedom of opinion and expression for all. Most abuses against media professionals remain uninvestigated and unpunished. This impunity perpetuates the cycle of violence against journalists, media workers and citizen journalists. The killing of journalists and its impunity directly impacts the United Nations’ human rights based efforts to promote peace, security, and sustainable development.

IFAP fosters open government through media and information literacy

News - Mon, 20/06/2016 - 15:42

In his statement to conference participants, Mr Frank La Rue, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, pointed to “access to information and freedom of expression laws based on international standards, a citizen-centric approach, and a commitment to sustainable development based on human solidarity and peace as crucial pillars for unlocking the potential of open government for enhancing well-being”. With a view to preventing the exacerbation of existing inequalities and divides, Mr La Rue also highlighted the importance of ensuring that “awareness about the right to access information be more widely expanded among the population, particularly the marginalized and vulnerable”.

According to Ms Chafica Haddad, the recently re-elected Chair of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental IFAP Council and Deputy Permanent Delegate of Grenada to UNESCO, “the conference marked another important stage in IFAP’s journey to ensure that every person is able to access and utilize information and knowledge to reach their full potential and contribute to human development and peace”. Ms Haddad recalled that, “through a range of normative instruments, declarations and guidelines, IFAP has been consistently bringing attention to the need for policies in these critical areas”. She also pointed to “the Internet Universality Principles adopted last year at UNESCO’s 38th General Conference as an endorsement of the importance of MIL and multi-stakeholder partnerships between governmental and the range of non-governmental actors, ideas that IFAP earlier emphasized in its 2012 Moscow Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Knowledge Societies”.

The conference facilitated rich, global exchanges on such aspects as the conceptualization of open government, strategies for developing media and information competencies amongst civil servants and citizens as well as the development and introduction of media and information literacy curricula in national educational programmes.

Participants adopted a conference declaration that recognizes media and information literacy (MIL) as essential for effective systems of open governance, calls for the development of MIL standards and assessment systems, and encourages investment and capacity-building needed to create enabling ecosystems. Proceedings of the conference are expected to be released in the second half of 2016.

“By bringing together a range of key actors from almost 50 countries, this conference has given impetus to global efforts to boost information and media competences of citizens, to encourage and enhance civic engagement and support the development of open government systems in cyberspace”, said Mr Evgeny Kuzmin, Vice-Chair of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental IFAP Council and President of the Interregional Library Cooperation Centre, during his reflections on the importance and impact of the conference. “Through IFAP’s network of global partners we will be working to realize the vision set out in the conference Declaration”.

The organization of this international conference was made possible through the collective efforts of the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra, the Russian Committee of the UNESCO Information for All Programme, and the Interregional Library Cooperation Centre who worked in close cooperation with IFAP’s Intergovernmental Council and UNESCO’s Secretariat. The event also benefitted from the support of the Federal Agency for the Press and Mass Media, the National Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO, and the LUKoil petroleum company.

The intergovernmental Information for All Programme was established in 2001. It provides a platform for international policy discussions, cooperation and the development of guidelines for action in the area of access to information and knowledge. The Programme supports Member States to develop and implement national information policy and strategy frameworks in the areas of information accessibility, information for development, information ethics, information literacy, information preservation and multilingualism.

UNESCO training for press councils of South East Europe and Turkey on online media ethics

News - Mon, 20/06/2016 - 10:19

The training programme included such issues as the status of journalists in the digital age, the measures in place to ensure the quality and accuracy of information online as well as rights, responsibilities and protection mechanisms for bloggers and civil society campaigners engaged in “acts of journalism”.

The team of four trainers was represented by the Center for Media, Data and Society, which developed a course in digital media law for journalists, civil society advocates and lawyers in Central and Southeastern Europe.

Amy Brouillette, Director of European Media Project, Center for Media and Society (CMDS), Central European University, Gillian Phillips, director of Editorial Legal Services of the Guardian, Dean Starkman, a media analyst and CMDS fellow, and Nevena Krivokapić, legal researcher at the SHARE foundation reviewed key questions around the impact of the Internet on journalism and explored how these changes are reinventing and challenging traditional media landscapes.

The first day of the training focused on the fundamentals of digital journalism. Dean Starkman held a session on the collapse of the business model of news industry, which he called “society’s fact-gathering infrastructure,” and the consequences for the quality of media content. "Since the digital age, the quantity of online content published has never been so high, while the advertising revenue of media has plummeted. That means fewer, less-experienced staff handling more content, more quickly. The impact on quality journalism and proper journalistic investigations has been profound," he said.

Amy Brouillette presented the complex evolution of the international standards related to the definition of journalism. “While there is no formal definition of a 'journalist' in international human rights law, numerous bodies like the UN and Council of Europe have put forth definitions of journalists that include bloggers and public watchdogs”, she said.

During the second day, the trainers tackled the complex and evolving issue of media ethics and professional standards in the new media environment. Participants explored how to adapt and refine self-regulatory codes to account for today’s digital media landscape. Participants worked on concrete case studies and discussed how the rights and duties of traditional media are extended to online platforms and digital content producers.

Gillian Phillips presented concrete examples from The Guardian, which is faced with cross-border issues having offices based not only in London but in the United-States for instance. She explained that “in the United-States, because of the First Amendment, user-generated content is allowed much more freedom than in Europe. This creates a practical problem for The Guardian as to whether to try to apply one common standard or to allow flexibility of approaches.”

Discussions focused on copyrights issues, on user-generated content in media content and on the corrections of mistakes in the online world, and proved the complexity for press councils to address those questions. So far, most press councils are dealing with issues on a case by case basis and more questions were brought than concrete solutions.

Director-General deplores death of journalist Osama Jumaa in Syria

News - Mon, 20/06/2016 - 10:00

“I condemn the killing of Osama Jumaa,” the Director-General said. “I call on all parties in the conflict to respect the Geneva Conventions on the civilian status of journalists and their right to exercise their profession.”

Jumaa was killed when artillery fire hit an ambulance in which he was being treated for injuries sustained while covering the bombing of a residential neighbourhood of Aleppo. Jumaa had been working for Images Live, a British photo agency.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

UNESCO advocates for SDG 16 at European Development Days

News - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 16:20

The 10th edition of this  yearly event organized by the European Commission was focused on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit. Press freedom and the right to information have a direct relevance to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 16, specifically target 10, as it envisages the protection to the right to access information and journalists' safety.

During the two-day conference, UNESCO promoted the importance of press freedom and journalists’ safety in the realization of SDG 16 target 10 by inviting visitors to the United Nations stand to experience In Their Press Vests, a 360 virtual reality film on the everyday risks of Syrian journalists. The film was produced by UNESCO and the Association for the Support of Free Media, with the support of the Government of Finland. The virtual reality film was first exhibited this year during World Press Freedom Day in Helsinki, during the Difference Day in Brussels and during the first World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul.

Making use of virtual reality as a powerful new approach to advocate for the safety of journalists, freelancers, bloggers, social media producers and journalism sources, UNESCO engaged visitors into an immersive experience to understand the working conditions of journalists in conflict areas.

UNESCO also was part of a stand showcasing inspiring stories of media and digital initiatives for SDG 16 target 10 to ensure access to information and promote fundamental freedoms. The stand was organized by the Global Forum for Media Development as part of the EDD’s Global Village event, and presented various stories and projects describing how access to information is key to the achievement of all 17 SDGs.

This year’s edition of the European Development Days is one of the first major conferences dedicated to the Sustainable Development Goals. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon was present at the Opening Ceremony together with UN and European Heads of State. The EDDs expected to gather 42 000 participants from 4 500 organizations and 154 countries to address Agenda 2030.

UNESCO’s active involvement in the realization of target 10 SDG 16 derives from the organization’s commitment to advocate for the recognition of the vital role that freedom of expression and access to information and knowledge play in sustainable societies. It is for these reasons that UNESCO, with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Global Forum for Media Development, proposed two indicators for assessing progress towards target 16.10.

For more information on UNESCO’s contribution to the SDGs, please visit the http://en.unesco.org/sdgsUNESCO and Sustainable Development Goals website.

The Memory of the World Regional Workshop on Archives Preservation opened in Xi'an, China

News - Wed, 15/06/2016 - 10:18

More than 50 participants from Australia, Cambodia, China, Czech Republic, India, Thailand, Turkey, Republic of Korea and Mongolia attended the workshop. At the opening session, Mr Li Minghua, Director-General of SAAC and Chairman of MOWCAP, presented the purpose of the gathering and expressed his hope that it would contribute to implementing the objectives of UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme to facilitate the effective preservation, by the most appropriate techniques, of the world’s invaluable documentary heritage, and also to increase awareness and protection by achieving its universal and permanent accessibility.

The regional workshop was opened on behalf of UNESCO by Dr Boyan Radoykov, from the Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector, who warmly thanked the organizers for the timely initiative and for their substantial  contribution to this flagship Programme of UNESCO, and underscored the importance of such regional events for sharing successful experiences in access and preservation policies and practices and for strengthening cooperation and mutual understanding in the framework of MOW.

Dr Radoykov then made a detailed presentation of the Memory of the World Programme, followed by Dr Ray Edmondson, from Australia, who introduced the recently adopted normative instrument, Safeguarding the Memory of the World - UNESCO Recommendation Concerning the Preservation of, and Access to Documentary Heritage, including in Digital Form.

Also spoke during the first day Dr Li Yuhu, Director of the Ministry of Education’s Engineering Center for Historical and Cultural Heritage Conservation and Director of Shaanxi Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage Conservation, who shared with the participants his key inventions on restoring and protecting deteriorated writings, on the reinforcement of vulnerable original appearance in archives and ancient documents, on photographic image repair technology and mass de-acidification, as well as on the long-term preservation of archives and books. These innovative technologies have won him 50 Chinese national patents, as well as a national patent in the USA, and are considered as leading innovations by international experts and specialists.

The participants in the workshop also visited the Conservation Laboratory of Shaanxi Provincial Archives, the Mural Restoration Laboratory of the Shaanxi Provincial Museum and the Restoration Laboratory of the Terra Cotta Warriors Museum.

UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Programme in 1992 to guard against collective amnesia calling upon the preservation of the valuable archive holdings and library collections all over the world ensuring their wide dissemination. The Programme is intended to protect documentary heritage, and helps networks of experts to exchange information and raise resources for preservation of, and access to, documentary material.

La Directora General condena el asesinato del periodista Víctor Hugo Valdés Cardona en Guatemala

Noticias - Tue, 14/06/2016 - 17:37

“Condeno el asesinato de Víctor Hugo Valdés Cardona”, dijo la Directora General. “Confío en que las autoridades guatemaltecas puedan detener y procesar a los responsables de este crimen, que socava la capacidad de la prensa de contribuir a un debate público e informado”.

Valdés Cardona dirigía un programa de cultura e información local en la televisión local Chiquimula de visión. El 7 de junio salió a caminar con su nieto y fue muerto a balazos.

Las condenas de la Directora General por los asesinatos de profesionales de los medios responden a la resolución 29 adoptada en 1997 por la Conferencia General de la UNESCO y titulada “Condena de la violencia contra los periodistas”. Figuran en la página web que la UNESCO dedica a los periodistas asesinados.

                                  ****

Contacto de prensa: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

La UNESCO es el organismo de las Naciones Unidas que tiene el mandato de defender la libertad de expresión y la libertad de prensa. El Artículo I de su Constitución declara que la Organización se propone “asegurar el respeto universal a la justicia, a la ley, a los derechos humanos y a las libertades fundamentales que sin distinción de raza, sexo, idioma o religión, la Carta de Naciones Unidas reconoce a todos los pueblos del mundo”. Para lograrlo, la Organización debe fomentar “el conocimiento y la comprensión mutuos de las naciones prestando su concurso a los órganos de información para las masas” y recomendar “los acuerdos internacionales que estime convenientes para facilitar la libre circulación de las ideas por medio de la palabra y de la imagen”.

La Directrice générale condamne le meurtre du journaliste Sagal Salad Osman en Somalie

Actualités - Tue, 14/06/2016 - 11:24

« Je condamne le meurtre de Sagal Salad Osman », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « La violence n’est jamais acceptable. Elle est particulièrement dramatique quand elle est utilisée pour réduire au silence un jeune homme qui en a inspiré bien d’autres autour de lui en exerçant une profession essentielle dans un environnement difficile ».

Sagal Salad Osman, animateur sur la télévision publique somalienne et Radio Mogadiscio, a été abattu le 5 juin dans l’ouest de la capitale.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

***

Contact médias: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

 

La Directrice générale condamne le meurtre du photojournaliste David Gilkey et de son interprète Zabihullah Tamanna en Afghanistan

Actualités - Tue, 14/06/2016 - 11:22

« Je condamne l’attaque qui a causé la mort de David Gilkey et Zabihulla Tamanna », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Le droit des professionnels des médias à exercer leur métier dans des conditions sûres doit être reconnu dans l’intérêt de la société tout entière ».

David Gilkey, photographe primé, et son interprète Zabihulla Tamanna ont été tués le 5 juin près de la ville de Marjah, au sud-ouest de l’Afghanistan. Ils travaillaient tous les deux pour National Public Radio (NPR), le réseau de radiodiffusion américain.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

 

La Directrice générale condamne le meurtre du journaliste Victor Hugo Valdez Cardona au Guatemala

Actualités - Tue, 14/06/2016 - 11:09

« Je condamne le meurtre de Víctor Hugo Valdez Cardona », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Je compte sur les autorités pour traduire les responsables en justice pour ce crime qui compromet la capacité des journalistes à contribuer à un débat public éclairé ».

Valdez Cardona présentait des programmes culturels et le journal local. Il a été abattu le 7 juin alors qu’il se promenait avec son petit fils dans la ville de Chiquimula, dans l’est du pays.

La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.

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Contact médias: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».

 

 

Director-General condemns murder of journalist Víctor Hugo Valdez Cardona in Guatemala

News - Mon, 13/06/2016 - 10:22

“I condemn the killing of Víctor Hugo Valdez Cardona,” said the Director-General. “I trust that the Guatemalan authorities will be able to bring to trial those responsible for this crime, which undermines the ability of journalists to contribute to informed public debate.”

Valdez Cardona, whose programmes covered cultural subjects and local news, was shot on 7 June while walking with his grandson in the town of Chiquimula in the east of the country.

The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.

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Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12

UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”

 

Combatting Online Hate Speech and Youth Radicalization

News - Mon, 13/06/2016 - 09:58

Moderated by Ms Albana Shala, Chair, UNESCO International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), the panel will include well-known experts such as Ms Divina Frau-Meigs, Professor, Université de Paris 3-Sorbonne nouvelle, France. Ms Duygu Özkan, Journalist, Die Presse, and Member, Austrian Press Council, Austria, Ms Amukelani Mayimele, outgoing Executive Director of ZAYRAH, a youth led development agency, South Africa and Mr Brandon Oelofse, Senior Trainer and Coordinator, Radio Netherlands Training Center (RNTC). Panelists will share good practices, highlight gaps and explore options for moving forward.

Freedom of expression is a universal human right, a cornerstone of peace and sustainable development, and a key societal value. Digital technologies have opened new avenues for freedom of expression, offering new opportunities to produce, consume and share content. They have also, however, facilitated the spread of online hate speech, extremist propaganda and recruitment for terrorism and radicalization, leading some to argue for tough legal and regulatory responses. But combatting these ills should not be at the expense of freedom of expression.

According to the Camden Principles and the Rabat Plan of Action, free and independent media can play a critical role in combating discrimination and promoting intercultural understanding. Increasingly, media organizations and Internet intermediaries – such as social networks and search engines – are called on to moderate user-generated content in addition to that produced by professional journalists. At the same time, attention has been put on youth as both particularly vulnerable to radicalization and potentially most able to effectively counter it, when empowered with the necessary knowledge and skills.

In this context, key questions to be discussed during the panel will be:

  • How can media self-regulatory mechanisms and professional codes of ethics adapt to digital-era challenges?
  • What practices do media organizations and Internet intermediaries use to identify and moderate user-generated online hate speech and extremist content?
  • How can free media defend the values of independent journalism in the face of actors who seek to instrumentalise them to counter one kind of propaganda with another kind propaganda?
  • What is the role of media and information literacy in empowering youth to become digital citizens?

Intervention de l’UNESCO à la Conférence de l’OIF sur la lutte contre le terrorisme et la prévention de la radicalisation violente

Actualités - Fri, 10/06/2016 - 16:50

La Conférence a réitéré la nécessité d’un engagement actif à tous les niveaux dans la lutte contre le terrorisme et la radicalisation comme le stipulent la Déclaration de Bamako (2000) sur la démocratie, les droits et les libertés et la Déclaration de Saint-Boniface (2006) sur la prévention des conflits et la sécurité humaine.

La Conférence a également permis de partager les pratiques réussies et les analyses visant à améliorer la compréhension du phénomène du terrorisme et de la radicalisation violente et de leurs causes sous-jacentes, et à identifier des approches et des orientations pour développer des directions stratégiques et des actions appropriées comme le demandent les Etats membres.

Le représentant de l’UNESCO, le Dr Boyan Radoykov, de la Division des sociétés du savoir, a félicité les organisateurs pour la tenue de cette importante initiative, présenté les différentes activités intersectorielles de l’Organisation dans ce domaine et insisté sur les attentes d’activités opérationnelles concrètes et d’actions préventives ciblées de plus grande ampleur, qui sont structurelles et multidimensionnelles. Le Dr Radoykov a déclaré dans son intervention : « Nous devons reconnaître que la lutte contre l’extrémisme violent ne peut pas être gagnée uniquement par la force des armes, la répression ou la censure en ligne. Le véritable combat que nous avons à gagner, si nous voulons que la raison l’emporte sur la force, concerne l’esprit des jeunes, leur cœur, le combat pour les idéaux et les valeurs universelles de notre civilisation ».

Dans ses échanges avec Mme Michaëlle Jean, Secrétaire générale de la Francophonie, et M. Adama Ouane, Administrateur de l’OIF, l’opportunité d’une future collaboration a été évoquée et notamment la contribution de l’OIF à la conférence que va organiser l’UNESCO à l’automne prochain au Québec, dans le cadre de son Programme Information pour tous (PIPT), sur Internet et la radicalisation des jeunes.

Plusieurs participants ont reconnu dans leurs interventions l’importance du travail mené par l’UNESCO depuis 2014 dans la lutte contre la radicalisation des jeunes dans le cyberespace et dans la prévention de l’extrémisme violent grâce à des actions de sensibilisation et de mobilisation auprès de l’ONU, du milieu universitaire, des décideurs, de la société civile et du secteur privé, portant sur les défis majeurs et les responsabilités respectives dans ce domaine.

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