“Citizens, and especially women, need to feel secure whenever they are exercising their right to freedom of expression, both offline and online. Hateful messages are a breeding ground for intolerance and extremism, which, in turn, can fuel the cycle of violence when it is translated into criminal acts,” said Frank La Rue.
While freedom of expression is threatened from many sides, journalists are harassed and killed. Internet hate is part of this threat, which in recent years has increased dramatically. Female journalists are attacked more often than their male colleagues, not on the basis of what they report, but because they are women.
2 December marked the 250th anniversary of the Swedish press freedom. This date celebrates the Freedom of the Press Act, the first of its kind in the world.
To mark the anniversary, but also to highlight that journalists around the world will not be silenced, Fojo together with Swedish Institute, the Swedish National Commission for UNESCO and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs organized this event by paying tribute to women journalists who defy hate speech and threats, pursuing their mission of providing information to citizens.
Personal stories on hate delivered by prominent journalists and writers were highlighted during the seminar, followed by a dialogue with the audience.
The seminar was inaugurated by the Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallstrom.
Throughout the week various stakeholders will exchange ideas on Internet governance and “Enabling Inclusive and Sustainable Growth”, the theme of this year’s IGF. UNESCO will be hosting sessions that will address crucial subjects such as the role of social media in violent extremism, the role of judiciary systems, encryption and the safety of journalists, as well as Internet Universality.
On Monday 5 December UNESCO will be hosting a pre-event in Spanish and English on “Protecting safety of journalists online and offline in global Internet Governance ecosystem” from 16:00 to 18:00. This session aims to provide platform for further cooperation and the exchange of ideas between various stakeholders based on the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity. UNESCO will also launch the Spanish version of its Internet freedom publication Building Digital Safety for Journalism, as well briefly showcase the results so far of the Journalists’ Safety Indicators, developed by UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication, and so far implemented in three Latin American countries.
The workshop on “Social media and youth radicalization in the digital age”, on Tuesday 6 December 2016 from 12:00 to 13:30, will follow up on and further explore discussions held on youth radicalization at the 2015 IGF and at “Internet and the Radicalization of Youth: Preventing, Acting and Living Together”, a conference organized by UNESCO with the Government of Quebec (from 31 October to 1 November 2016) This IGF workshop will discuss the relationship between the Internet and youth radicalization, as well as measures to prevent violent extremism through a focus on youth empowerment. UNESCO will also be sharing initial findings stemming from commissioned Internet governance research on social media and youth radicalization.
UNESCO will also be bringing in new stakeholders through its discussions with Freedom of Expression Rapporteurs and Regional Human Rights Courts in the workshop on “The Role of Judiciary Systems and Internet Governance” on Wednesday 7 December 2016 from 09:00 to 10:30. In recent years UNESCO has worked with various judicial systems in Latin America, including supreme courts and judicial training schools and institutions, in capacity development of judicial operators struggling with new challenges associated with the Internet and freedom of expression, access to information, and the safety of journalists.
The workshop on “Encryption and safety of journalists in digital age” will take place on Wednesday 7 December 2016 from 15:00 to 16:30. Encryption is a potential tool for the protection of freedom of expression, privacy, and other human rights online. This workshop will, however, explore this subject and related human rights implications of encryption in Internet Governance. The session will particularly examine human rights implications in terms of freedom of expression and privacy in the media and communications, as well as investigating existing mechanisms and legislation to protect journalists from digital harassment. The aim is to help formulate recommendations that will be useful for various stakeholders. We will also be launching the latest edition of our Internet Freedom Series publication, Human Rights Aspects of Encryption.
UNESCO’s Open Forum at the IGF this year will take place on Thursday 8 December from 17:00 to 18:00 on “Putting Internet Universality at the heart of the SDGs”. In this Open Forum UNESCO will present participants with an introduction to its Internet Universality approach as well as the ROAM (Rights-based, Open, Accessible, Multi-stakeholder-shaped Internet) principles. There will be 4 main areas of discussion: ‘Internet governance and the SDGs’, ‘Internet Indicators Project and the launch of a new UNESCO publication, ‘Privacy, Free expression and transparency’, ‘Universal access: Multilingualism and empowering peoples with disabilities projects’, and ‘Internet and the Radicalisation of Youth: Preventing, Acting and Living Together’. In each area of discussion UNESCO will present suggestions or proposals such as an initial set of Internet Indicators, as well as feedback on UNESCO’s relevant work in that particular area, such as its Atlas of Languages in Danger project or the results of the conference on “Internet and the Radicalization of Youth: Preventing, Acting, and Living Together” in order to trigger further discussion on these critical issues.
UNESCO will also be jointly hosting an Open Forum with the ITU on “How Can Universal Connectivity Be Used as Catalyst for Achieving the SDGs?” on Thursday 8 December, from 9:00 to 10:00. Through this Open Forum the UN Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development –co-chaired by UNESCO and the ITU- will identify and address challenges and opportunities.
At the co-organized Open Forum on “WSIS Action Lines Supporting the Implementation of the SDGs – WSIS Forum: Information and Knowledge Societies for SDGs”, on Wednesday 7 December 2016, 16:00-17:00, where UNESCO will be sharing its experiences on the implementation of WSIS Action Lines and discussing and exchanging information with other WSIS Action Line facilitators.
UNESCO is also a co-organizer of the “Global Connect, IEEE, ISOC, ITU, UNESCO, WEF, and the World Bank – Advancing Solutions for Connectivity: Improving Global Coordination and Collaboration” pre-event that will discuss the challenges of advancing connectivity and universal access, on Monday 5 December from 13:00 to 18:00.
Come and join us at these interesting sessions to learn more and exchange information on crucial issues and challenges in Internet governance.
Remote participation will also be available for those who cannot attend the IGF in person in Mexico. Remote participants will be able to follow discussions online through the IGF webcast and real-time closed captioning. It is also possible through the IGF remote hubs to participate live and submit questions or interventions when panel moderators open the discussion to the floor. Participants can register for available remote hubs or organize their own remote hubs.
Register to participate online:
More information about online participation:
More information about and register for IGF 2016 remote hubs: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/igf-2016-remote-hubs
- UNESCO IGF 2016 Website: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/unesco-and-wsis/internet-governance/internet-governance-forum-igf/2016-igf-guadalajara-mexico/
- IGF 2016 Website: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/
- Mexico government IGF 2016 Website: http://www.igf2016.mx/
The Forum included thematic panels and hands-on workshops by various young people and youth organizations. Throughout the day, the discussions highlighted how media and information issues are especially pertinent to youth, such as empowerment and civic engagement, privacy, gender equality, and freedom of expression and diversity.
The discussions yielded the drafting and adoption of a Youth Declaration on Media and Information Literacy.
The Declaration calls on stakeholders to use MIL to empower youth for civic engagement, contribute to intercultural dialogue, help prevent violent extremism, and improve freedom of expression while raising awareness for online privacy, gender equality, as well as media and information literacy for people with special needs.
The Youth Declaration states: “The new information age is boundless. MIL blossoms in an environment where there is a rapid exchange of ideas and perspectives. Social Media is both a tool and a platform for us youth representatives, whether we are young journalists, information specialists or from any other academic or social background. It links us to immediate engagement with other people across the world.”
In the document, the youth also appealed for their involvement in policy discussions on MIL, active participation in research and decision making of relevant organizations and networks developing MIL strategies and programmes such as governments, UNESCO and GAPMIL.
The Declaration will help push forward the work of the Youth Committee of GAPMIL and the GAPMIL Youth Ambassador Programme. This committee comprises of young people from a variety of different backgrounds, yet all sharing the same commitment to enhancing MIL globally.
The Ambassadors Programme utilizes volunteers on the ground, who act to promote MIL in their respective countries and regions through their own personal projects and networks.
Visit the Global MIL 20016 website to see a photo gallery, news, and other outcome documents.
Now available in the Serbian language, MIL CLICKS has also been launched in English and there is one regional version in Portuguese.
MIL CLICKS in Serbian is part of the EU-UNESCO funded project “Building Trust in Media in South East Europe and Turkey”. The project is, among other goals, aiming to increase public demand for quality media and empowering of citizens through media and information literacy (MIL).
Why is MIL important for building trust in media?
When citizens are empowered with MIL competencies (knowledge, skills and attitude), they are enabled to understand the role of professional and ethical journalism in a democratic society. At the same time, they are developing a critical approach to all information and media content. With these skills, citizens are able to make informed decisions in their everyday lives and their engagement with social media.
Through the MIL CLICKS movement, citizens are exposed to MIL competencies in their normal day-to-day use of social media and the Internet. They learn about news fact-checking tools, resources to gauge media diversity, how to respond to hate content online, and how to interact with self-regulatory media and other information providers.
Over time, this will increase people’s ability and confidence to demand quality information and media, hold media and other information providers accountable and ultimately building trust .
Using MIL CLICKS to both learn and play
On these platforms, MIL CLICKS is engaging people to play, learn and use MIL skills, discover how to evaluate information and media content, and be able to identify credible sources of information.
How do people assess the verifiability of information?
The information people receive and seek shapes their decisions, choices, their behavior and ultimately their life. Still, even though many young people consider themselves being critical towards media content, research shows that the majority of them are not able assess the credibility of of media outlets that are transmitting particular news.
The veracity of media is are even less questioned if parents regard the information is truthful, according to the research Media literacy in Serbia.
For these reasons, the MIL CLICKS movement also targets adults as well as youth who are one of the most active groups using social media.
Join the movement of wise clicking!
“Are we clicking wisely?” asks UNESCO’s Programme Specialist Alton Grizzle, adding: “We are integrating learning, creating and engaging, so that people click critically and wisely.”
UNESCO and partners are calling on stakeholders in South East Europe to take an active role in MIL CLICKS.
MIL CLICKS in Serbian is being implemented by Media Education Center (MEC) and South East European Network for Professionalization of Media (SEENPM), together with other partners in the region. It is carried out in the framework of the EU-UNESCO funded Project “Building Trust in Media in South East Europe and Turkey.
CIMU SEE is led by the South East European Network for Professionalization of Media (SEENPM), an umbrella organization gathering leading media development organizations in the region.
As a regional network, CIMU will facilitate the increase of peoples’ participation in shaping of information and media landscape in SEE.
Its focus will be on enabling strong involvement from the public. This includes representatives of NGOs, as well as citizen media and information groups, teachers and educators, librarians, IT specialists, youth and gender activists, and many others.
“This Coalition will facilitate information and media development in the region of South East Europe through strategic interaction with media, libraries and other information providers, governments, self-regulators and public regulators”, said UNESCO’s programme specialist Alton Grizzle. “This will be done through media monitoring, online debates and the formulation of policy recommendations.”.
CIMU will also seek to help articulate public interest in policy and legislative debates on key information and media issues. The Coalition will encourage and assist its members to contribute to debates in their countries.
Tihomir Loza, SEENPM Director said the desired result was media and information users who are informed, active and demanding, as well as capable of influencing the providers in the countries of the region.
Mr. Loza further explained that the CIMU starts from the premise that the process of European integration in the region represents a uniquely favorable context in which significant strides can be made in fostering active citizenship.
The Coalition of Information and Media Users in SEE will be coordinated by SEENPM, with its member organizations acting as focal points for the initiative in their own countries. The members are currently soliciting support and membership of other organizations, and formal and informal citizen media and information groups, as well as individuals, to ensure wide reach of the initiative.
CIMU will also create synergies with other activities from the project taking place in the region of SEE, such as UNESCO MIL CLICKS – a global media and information literacy movement on social media by UNESCO and partners. MIL CLICKS is now available in English and Serbian. The Serbian language version is implemented by Media Education Center (MEC).
This activity is also carried out in the framework of the EU-UNESCO funded Project “Building Trust in Media in South East Europe and Turkey”.
If you would like to take part in the CIMU please send an email inquiry to t.ljubic(at)unesco.org and firstname.lastname@example.org.
The present research was elaborated in order to implement Internet Universality framework. It also responds to the option recommended by the CONNECTing the Dots Outcome Document that UNESCO “recognizes the role that anonymity and encryption can play as enablers of privacy protection and freedom of expression, and facilitates dialogue on these issues”. In addition, the research draws on the Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, which was presented to the Human Rights Council in June 2015.
The research, authored by Prof. Wolfgang Schulz and Dr Joris van Hoboken, was commissioned by UNESCO and made possible thanks to the support of the German Federal Foreign Office.
The study provides an overview of encryption technologies and their impact on human rights. It analyzes in-depth the role of encryption in the media and communications landscape, and the impact on different services, entities and end users. It highlights good practices and examines the legal environment surrounding encryption as well as various case studies of encryption policies. Built on this exploration and analysis, the research provides recommendations on encryption policy that are useful for various stakeholders. These include signaling the need to counter the lack of gender sensitivity in the current debate, and also highlighting ideas for enhancing “encryption literacy”.
The publication will be launched at the UNESCO workshop on “Encryption and safety of journalists” (15:00-16:30, Guadalajara time) on 7 December 2016, in the framework of the 11th Internet Governance Forum (IGF). More details about the workshop are available at:
Privacy, free expression and transparency: UNESCO launches the seventh title in its Internet Freedom Series
This publication examines the crucial challenges of balancing the fundamental rights of privacy and freedom of expression, and the related value of transparency, in an online context. It was commissioned following UNESCO’s new approach to Internet issues as set out in the Connecting the Dots Outcome Document adopted by UNESCO’s 195 Member States in November 2015. UNESCO stands for the concept of “Internet Universality” and the related “ROAM principles”, which refer to a human-Rights-based, Open and Accessible Internet that is governed by Multi-stakeholder participation. It is in this context that the current study was commissioned to address very specific rights and associated values of privacy, free expression and transparency.
The study was commissioned by UNESCO and authored by Joseph Cannataci, Bo Zhao, Gemma Torres Vives, Shara Monteleone, Jeanne Mifsud Bonnici and Evgeni Moyakine, from the STeP (Security, Technology and e-Privacy) – Research Group in the University of Groningen. UNESCO thanks the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
This publication explores the boundaries of these rights, and the various modalities of reconciling and aligning them. The study analyses the legal framework, current mechanisms for balancing rights, and specific issues, cases and trends. As revealed by the research, traditional laws and regulations for the protection of privacy and freedom of expression often do not deal with digital issues. Also covered are the interplay and interactions between multiple players—e.g. the State agents, Internet users, ICT companies, civil society organizations, the judiciary and the security services.
Various policy recommendations are made that address both key issues and various stakeholders groups. These include encouraging the use of encryption amongst citizens and focusing on improving digital literacy, promoting technical solutions to enhance privacy protection, and cooperating at the international level for sharing good practices.
The publication will be launched at the UNESCO Open Forum at 17:00-18:00 (Guadalajara time), 8 December 2016, during the 11th Internet Governance Forum in Guadalajara. For more information, please consult this page:
La Directrice générale condamne le meurtre du journaliste Dharmendra Singh dans l’Etat de Bihar (Inde)
« Je condamne le meurtre de Dharmendra Singh », a déclaré la Directrice générale. « Chaque crime visant des journalistes est un revers pour la liberté d'expression, la liberté d’information et l’Etat de droit. Il est dans l'intérêt de la société dans son ensemble que les autorités enquêtent sur ce crime et traduisent ses auteurs en justice ».
Dharmendra Singh, journaliste pour le quotidien national en hindi, Dainik Bhaskar, a été abattu par trois inconnus le 12 novembre dans la ville de Sasaram.
La Directrice générale publie des communiqués sur le meurtre des professionnels des médias conformément à la résolution 29 adoptée par les Etats membres de l’UNESCO au cours de la Conférence générale de 1997 intitulée « Condamnation de la violence contre les journalistes ». Une liste complète des journalistes assassinés ayant fait l’objet d’une condamnation par l’UNESCO est disponible en ligne.
Contact médias : Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0) 1 45 68 42 12
L’UNESCO est l’agence des Nations Unies dont la mission consiste à défendre la liberté d’expression et la liberté de la presse. En vertu de l’Article premier de son Acte constitutif, l’Organisation est tenue « d’assurer le respect universel de la justice, de la loi, des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales pour tous, sans distinction de race, de sexe, de langue, ou de religion, que la Charte des Nations Unies reconnaît à tous les peuples ». À cette fin, elle « favorise la connaissance et la compréhension mutuelle des nations en prêtant son concours aux organes d’information des masses ; elle recommande, à cet effet, tels accords internationaux qu’elle juge utiles pour faciliter la libre circulation des idées, par le mot et par l’image ».
“I condemn the murder of Dharmendra Singh,” said the Director-General “Every assassination of a journalist is a setback for freedom of expression, freedom of information, and rule of law. It is in the interest of society as a whole that the authorities investigate this crime and bring its perpetrators to justice.”
Three unidentified gunmen shot Dharmendra Singh, a reporter for the national Hindi daily Dainik Bhaskar, on 12 November in the town of Sasaram.
The Director-General of UNESCO issues statements on the killing of media workers in line with Resolution 29 adopted by UNESCO Member States at the Organization’s General Conference of 1997, entitled “Condemnation of Violence against Journalists.” These statements are posted on a dedicated webpage, UNESCO condemns the killing of journalists.
Media contact: Sylvie Coudray, s.coudray(at)unesco.org, +33 (0)1 45 68 42 12
UNESCO is the United Nations agency with a mandate to defend freedom of expression and press freedom. Article 1 of its Constitution requires the Organization to “further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.” To realize this the Organization is requested to “collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication and to that end recommend such international agreements as may be necessary to promote the free flow of ideas by word and image…”
Le Prix UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah pour l’autonomisation des personnes handicapées par les technologies numériques décerné à des lauréats de Suisse et d’Argentine
Les deux lauréats ont été choisis pour leur contribution exceptionnelle à l’intégration et à l’amélioration de la vie des personnes handicapées grâce à l’application de solutions, ressources et technologies numériques.
- Catégorie individuelle – Professeur Alireza Darvishy (Suisse)
A la suite d’un accident, Alireza Darvishy a perdu une bonne partie de sa vision à l’âge de 15 ans. Dans les années 1980, il est entré à l’Université de Zurich et a été le premier étudiant malvoyant en informatique. Il a utilisé des technologies d’assistance pour obtenir son diplôme et son doctorat, tout en incitant son université à améliorer ses politiques d’accessibilité. Il a été l’un des premiers étudiants handicapés en Suisse à obtenir un doctorat en informatique et a centré ses recherches sur l’accessibilité numérique. Après l’obtention de son doctorat, il a mené de nombreux projets innovants sur le plan de l’accessibilité dans le secteur privé. Au début des années 2000, il a été le premier professeur d’accessibilité aux TIC à l’Université de sciences appliquées de Zurich (ZHAW), où il a mis en place un centre de compétences pour l’accessibilité aux TIC et aidé les étudiants handicapés à poursuivre leurs études. Il est une source d’inspiration pour les personnes handicapées et montre ce que les personnes handicapées peuvent réaliser.
- Catégorie organisation – Tiflonexos Asociación Civil (Argentine)
L’association Tiflonexos Asociación Civil a été créée en 1999 en Argentine par un groupe d’amis aveugles qui voulaient utiliser Internet pour échanger des livres numériques et avoir un meilleur accès à l’information, la culture et l’éducation, qui était très limité à l’époque dans la région. Le groupe a créé une bibliothèque collaborative en ligne et en libre accès pour les déficients visuels en Argentine. Aujourd’hui, elle propose plus de 50 000 titres, la plupart en espagnol, à plus de 7 000 utilisateurs aveugles et 300 organisations dans le monde. Autour de la bibliothèque, la communauté d’utilisateurs s’est agrandie pour devenir un réseau mondial d’échange. Tiflolibros est géré par des déficients visuels qui sont des utilisateurs précoces des technologies et encouragent l’autonomisation des utilisateurs. L’organisation a contribué à une réforme de la loi sur le droit d’auteur en Argentine en 2007, qui a été suivie par d’autres pays latino-américains. Elle a aussi joué un rôle essentiel dans l’adoption du premier traité des Nations Unies sur l’accès aux livres pour les déficients visuels : le Traité de Marrakech de 2013 vise à faciliter l’accès à l’écrit des aveugles, des déficients visuels et des personnes ayant d’autres difficultés de lecture (Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle, OMPI).
Le Prix UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah pour l’autonomisation des personnes handicapées par les technologies numériques vise à récompenser les contributions remarquables de personnes et d’organisations qui promeuvent l’intégration et l’amélioration de la vie des personnes handicapées dans la société grâce à l’application efficace, innovante et inclusive de solutions numériques.
Dix-neuf pays ont proposé des candidatures de personnes pour le Prix 2016 et vingt-trois pays ont présenté des candidatures dans la catégorie organisation. Toutes les candidatures ont été étudiées par le jury international nommé par la Directrice générale de l’UNESCO. Le montant total de 40 000 USD sera réparti à parts égales entre les deux lauréats.
Accréditation des médias pour la cérémonie : Djibril Kebe, d.kebe(at)unesco.org, +33(0)1 45 68 17 41
Laureates from Switzerland and Argentina to receive 2016 UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah Prize for Digital Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities
Both laureates have been chosen for their outstanding contribution to inclusion, enhancing the lives of persons with disabilities through the application of digital solutions, resources and technologies.
Individual category, Professor Alireza Darvishy (Switzerland)
Alireza Darvishy lost most of his vision at the age of 15 due to an accident. He enrolled at the University of Zurich (Switzerland) in the 80s as its first severely visually impaired student in computer science. He used assistive technologies to pursue his degree and PhD, while continuously challenging his university to improve its accessibility policies. He was one of the first students in Switzerland with an impairment to finish a PhD in computer science, which focused on digital accessibility. After graduating, he initiated and led many innovative accessibility projects in the private sector. In the early 2000s, he was additionally hired by the Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW) as the first and only professor of ICT Accessibility. There, he established a competence centre for ICT Accessibility and helped more students with disabilities get an education. Through his ambitious work, he seeks to serve as a champion and an inspiration for others with impairments, and as an example to organizations of what people with disabilities can achieve.
Organizational category—Tiflonexos Asociación Civil (Argentina)
Tiflonexos Asociación Civil was created in 1999 in Argentina by a group of blind friends who wanted to use the power of the Internet to exchange digital books and gain better access to information, culture and education, which was extremely limited in the region at that time. The group created an online collaborative free-access library for visually impaired people in Argentina. Now, it offers more than 50,000 titles, mostly in Spanish, to more than 7,000 blind users and 300 organizations around the world. The library’s community of users has grown to become a global network of information exchange, education and support. Tiflolibros is managed by visually impaired people who are early adopters of technology and promote users’ empowerment. The Organization contributed to a favourable reform of Argentina´s copyright law in 2007, which was followed by other Latin American countries. It was key in the adoption of the first United Nations treaty to promote access to books worldwide for visually impaired people, the 2013 Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled (World Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO).
The UNESCO/Emir Jaber al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah Prize for Digital Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities aims to reward the outstanding contributions of individuals and organizations that promote inclusion and the enhancement of the lives of persons with disabilities in society through the effective, innovative and inclusive application of digital solutions.
Nineteen countries submitted individual nominations for the 2016 Prize and 23 countries presented nominations in the organizational category. All submissions were assessed by the International Jury established by the Director-General of UNESCO. The total amount of $40,000 available for the Prize will be distributed equally between the individual and the organizational winners.
Media accreditation to the ceremony: Djibril Kebe, d.kebe(at)unesco.org, +33(0)1 45681741
On the Halloween evening in Canada, around 30 youth gathered for the “Atelier de créativité YouthMobile” workshop in order to trick their minds after attending the conference. In four hours, the participants were divided into three teams guided by a social entrepreneur. Their goal: to prompt their creativity and come up with an ICT solution for their given “challenge” on preventing violent extremism. This workshop was animated by MakeSense, an international community that rallies volunteers in 128 cities across the world to help social entrepreneurs to solve their challenges.
After a call for challenges addressed to the organizations taking part to the conference, the submissions from the Centre for the Prevention of Radicalization leading to Violence (CPRMV), the Project SOMEONE, and the Digital Mass Atrocity Prevention Lab (DMAP Lab) were selected as the topics for the workshop. These challenges were: "What elements to integrate in an online video game to prevent violent extremism?", "How to reach 10,000 new users for the SOMEONE platform by the end of the year?" and "What digital package should DMAP Lab create for schools to counteract violent extremism?"
Project SOMEONE, a portal that strives to creating a space for dialogue and combat online hate by building awareness and resilience, submitted a challenge on "How to reach 10,000 new users for the SOMEONE platform by the end of the year?". Youths coming from Mexico, Canada and Ivory Coast devised several strategies such as incorporating social media feeds, and providing incentives for an increased participation and interaction to multiply the viewership of the SOMEONE portal. The workshop not only encouraged creativity from the participants but also benefited the social entrepreneurs. Marie Lamensch, the DMAP lab project coordinator who also led their correspondent group said, "UNESCO’s YouthMobile workshop was very enriching for me and the DMAP Lab team. The workshop’s methodology enabled us to test our digital kit and confirm our ideas, but most importantly, it helped us improving our concept thanks to the creativity and diversity of the young participants."
Yet tricking the mind might be followed by treats in reality. After the workshop, the social entrepreneurs will advance forward to make these ideas into practice. Vivek Venkatesh, the founder and director of Project SOMEONE said, "My team is now looking into implementing these strategies in the short-term and we are grateful for the opportunity to have participated in this unique event."
Finally, on "what elements to integrate in an online video game to prevent violent extremism?", the participants to the CPRMV workshop brainstormed a handful of features for two video game prototypes.
This workshop was proposed by the UNESCO YouthMobile Initiative, which strives to provide young people with ICT and problem solving skills to address issues of sustainable development.
- Challenges details: http://unesco-ci.org/youthmobile/sites/default/files/AtelierCreativiteYouthMobile.pdf
- Conference details : http://en.unesco.org/ConfQcUNESCO/home
- #ConfQcUNESCO #YouthMobile
The campaign also highlighted the key findings of the biennial Report of the UNESCO Director-General on the Safety of Journalists and the Danger of Impunity, which was presented on 17 November to the 39 Member States of the Intergovernmental Council of the Organization’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC).
Through a series of representative cases of attacks against journalists, My Killers Are Still Free brought into the spotlight the statistics of a decade of violence against journalists, media workers and social media producers.
UNESCO has documented 827 journalists killed since 2006, when the IPDC mandated the Director-General to begin requesting information from Member States on the judicial investigations carried out into killings of journalists.
The campaign also presented powerful and heartfelt testimonials of close relatives, co-workers, and lawyers of killed journalists across the world, to reflect upon the distress caused by impunity at a personal level and the damage to society as a whole.
“The proper conclusions of investigations into acts of impunity are important in order to reestablish the governance and the rule of law. […] If we continue to allow these outstanding investigations and abuses to go unaddressed, people will lose faith in the institutions of the State and a country will not be able to achieve its security and development goals,” said Sonali Simarasinghe, widow of murdered Sri Lankan journalist Lasantha Wickrematunge, in one of the testimonials featured in the campaign.
UNESCO’s efforts joined with those of many other actors calling to end impunity for crimes against journalists, with the Twitter hashtag #EndImpunity reaching 140 million potential impressions in one week.
My Killers Are Still Free was widely shared in social media by UN agencies, media development organizations and media leaders from around the world, reaching approximately 300K users in Facebook, 650K impressions in Twitter and 70K impressions in Instagram
The International Day to End Impunity and the My Killers Are Still campaign together received coverage from at least 250 newspapers around the world.
The Organization’s message cautioning on the danger of impunity to the right to know was reinforced by an Op-Ed by Frank La Rue, UNESCO Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, which was published by over 40 media outlets.
In total, 32 events were organized worldwide by UNESCO and partners for this third edition of IDEI, through which UNESCO sought to keep the memory alive of killed media workers and to reinforce the call to resolve the crimes against them.
Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development at UNESCO, Guy Berger, spoke on the evolution and significance of “Internet Universality”. The concept was adopted as part of the endorsement of the Outcome Document of the UNESCO Connecting the Dots conference by the 38th General Conference of the Organization in December 2015.
“Internet Universality pinpoints four key principles that are essential for the Internet to play an optimum role in sustainable development,” said Berger. These are human Rights, Openness, Accessibility and Multistakeholder participation – abridged as ROAM.
He used the analogy of the Internet as a table with the legs representing infrastructure, the table top as internet protocols, and a table cloth as online cultures such as sharing or commercialization. The plates and cutlery could be considered as online applications, and the food as the content.
“It is important to shine the spotlights of ROAM on these horizontal layers of the Internet if we are to illuminate the concerns within UNESCO’s mandate,” Berger proposed.
He elaborated further how the ROAM framework could assist in balancing human rights at different layers of the internet. Utilised as a method, the ROAM principles can be used to balance considerations of openness and accessibility, as well as to highlight the value of multi-stakeholder engagement in related policy-making.
The event discussed Santaniello’s concept of “digital constitutionalism” as a potentially advanced form of multistakeholder participation, as well as research needs and future issues on the internet.
Berger also offered participants an opportunity to view the documentary “In their press vests” about the war in Syria, sponsored by Finland, using a virtual reality viewer device.
Among the participants who took a turn in exploring the immersive journalism was Professor of Political Communication and of E-democracy and E-Government Policies at the University of Salerno, Francesco Amoretti. Noting the power of this virtual experience, he foresaw the possibility of live-streamed 3D coverage of news events in the future.
High on the agenda were the following topics: access to information in a truly multilingual cyberspace; the promotion of formal and informal open online education in all languages; and the development of the Russian language and the languages of some 100 indigenous peoples of Russian Federation.
Dr Boyan Radoykov, from UNESCO’s Knowledge Societies Division, Communication and Information Sector, addressed the participants and presented the work done by the Information for All Programme (IFAP) under its priority concerning the promotion of multilingualism, which is closely related to the topic of access to information and knowledge in cyberspace. He announced that UNESCO is in the process of developing a World Atlas of Languages, which also demonstrates the use of technology for development. This new online tool will not only provide reliable information about languages endangerment and vitality, but will also help to draw attention to the importance of UNESCO’s normative work in this area. Mr Radoykov also emphasized that for UNESCO cultural diversity and multilingualism have a central role to play in fostering pluralistic, equitable, open and inclusive knowledge societies
Members and heads of the presidential and governmental authorities and institutions, journalists and leading experts from Russia and other countries, were invited to attend this event, which built on achievements of UNESCO/IFAP major international events on multilingualism in cyberspace organized worldwide over the past few years.
Speakers at the event also included: Mr Veniamin Kaganov, Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation; Ms Eleonora Mitrofanova, Ambassador-at-large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation; Mr Evgeny Kuzmin, Deputy Chair, Intergovernmental Council, UNESCO’s Information for All Programme (IFAP); Vladimir Grigoriev, Deputy Head, Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications; Mr Gilvan Müller de Oliveira, Professor, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil; Ms Snezhana Todorova, President of the Union of Bulgarian journalists, Bulgaria; Mr Mohamed El-Guindy, Egypt TV, Cairo; Mr Prabhakar Rao Jandhyala, Professor, University of Hyderabad, India.
The participants were invited to visit leading research institutes and universities in Moscow engaged in linguistic studies and the promotion of the use of languages in formal and non-formal education.
Under the auspices of the Press Council of Indonesia, and along with prominent editors and a representative of the country’s delegation to UNESCO, the visitors held a working meeting with the UNESCO Secretariat.
The 2017 WPFD will take place from 1 to 4 May in Jakarta, and is jointly organized by UNESCO, Indonesian Press Council, and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia.
Discussions centred around the format of the event, which has a day set aside for prior side-events, and which will also be adjacent to a regional meeting of Press Councils.
On 3 May, the award ceremony will take place of the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize. A call for nominations has already been issued.
The meeting also discussed the Youth News Room, which has become a regular feature of the annual WPFD conference. The 2016 event was held in Helsinki, Finland, which produced the Finlandia Declaration.
This declaration was referenced last week in a decision by the intergovernmental Council of UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), along with the 2015 Riga Declaration.
On behalf of the Jakarta visitors, Bambang Harymurti addressed the IPDC Council during the group’s time in Paris in order to help publicise the hosting of the 2017 WPFD in Indonesia.